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was forgotten. Dr. Wheelock was shall be given in bis own words :at this time also responsible for many “There appears," says he, alluding debits contracted on the credit of the to part only of the province in which fond of the school. The Hon. John he lived, “ to be a large combinaPhillips LL. D. founder of Phil- tion, who, under pretence of defendlips's Exeter Academy, supplied ing the cause of liberty, are fori3333 dollars in this extremity, ously acting in direct opposition to for the use of the school, as well those who are soberly contending as some donations to the college. for it.” The late Mr. John Thornton is also The college was situated near described as having been a forward the frontiers of the American terris benefactor during this crisis of the tory, and was on that account exundertaking. The amount of his posed to many terrors of war, and gifts to the college and school is not to the danger of incursion from the stated. They appear to have been Indians. The fleet and army under liberal and successive. The grant of a Gen. Carlton, in passing op Lake pension of 100 dollars a-year to Mr. Champlain, came within 60 miles Occum is specified. A narrow and of it, and the force under Burgoyne ordinary mind would easily find took the same route. “ Its light" arguments against the extension of is said to have been " obscured, its any great liberality to this remote usefulness abridged, its resources alAmerican institution at the era in most annihilated," under all these question. It might be objected by accumulated troubles; but the pious the Englishman, that America hav. President trusted in God and pering now broken with Great Britain, severed in his exertions. The very it was doubtful into what hands the building, on account of its having money subscribed might pass, and been too hastily put together, became that it might probably subserve the in a few years untenantable. The purpose of hostility towards the mo- old man was anxious that the new ther country. The American, on college should be accomplished the other hand, might fear, lest he before his death, and that it should sboald encourage a college and be erected on a larger scale. The school which were too much in the Legislature of New Hampshire was English interest. Each might com- prevailed upon to afford about 1600 plain of the declension of the bene- dollars for the undertaking, and ficence of the other; and the very nearly an equal sum seems to have magnitude of the aid required might been raised in America by private be urged as an argument in favour subscription. Still, in consequence of of a total suspension of the ender. the confusion of the times, the edifice taking. Dr. Wheelock, as appears made little progress. “ Dr. Wheelby some of his letters, drew, in ock, like the father of Solomon, be March 1775, for crear 6001. more gan the work, but left the finishing than proved to be deposited in the. of the building to his son and suca hands of the Treasurer of the Lon. cessor.” He did not live to see don Trust, and was under a serious, peace dawn upon his country. though happily an unfounded, ap- 'The severities of his life in the prehension, lest his bills should be wilderness, his solicitude for the con. dishonoured. “ I have sent,” he also version of the Indians, and the dissays, “ to Connecticut upon the al appointments he endured in remost hopeless errand to hire 6001. spect to some of those whom he had sterling, and propose to mortgage educated; the pressure of continual my patrimony, and all my interest business, the embarrasstnent of his there, as security for three or four affairs produced by the war, and the years, rather than send these boys a- gloomy circumstances as well as way.” The political principles which prospects of his native country, be entertained at this trying period both as to its political and its ratio gious interests, are represented as these large sacrifices. He devoted in-having tried to the uimost his weak deed, not his substance only, but his
and declining constitution. He re. health, strength, and life, to the un- lieved bimself first by an inter. dertaking.--"I have some time," he
mission of his correspondence, and says, “ found failliness of heart; but then by gradually retreating from the consideration which, above all some of his other occupations. Being others, has been, and is, my soveoften unable to walk in consequence reign support is, that it is the cause of an asthma, he was carried to the of God. In him, and io bim alone, chapel. When incapable of this do I hope to perfect his own plan, little journey, he performed the for his own glory." public worship at his own house. It The charter of the college gave had been his prayer that he might to Dr. Wheelock the rigbt of apnot outlive his faculties, and he con- pointing his successor; and the pertinued to give religious instruction son first in his nomination was bis to the last. In January 1779, some
second son, Colonel John Wheelock, epileptic fits brougit him very low.
at this time in the army of the He revived, and rode on horseback;
United States. On the cessation of but in April he'relapsed, and the hostilities, this gentleman made a 241h of that month is stated to have successful visit to England, as well as been both his last and his happiest other parts of Europe, in the cause day. He conversed on the morning
of the institution. The Prince of of it, on several topics; some relating Orange, in particular, gave a handto that world which he was on the some donation. In 1786, the lepoint of entering. During his dy- gislature of Vermont attorded to it ing hour he repeated in the presence 23,000 acres of land; and in 1789, of his wife those words of the Psalm- the Government of New Hampshire ist,“ Though I walk through the made a similar grant. The college valley of the shadow of death, I land let at a rent of from two lo len will lear no evil, for thou art with pounds for every hundred acres. me: thy rod and thy staff comfort The new college was completed nie.”—“Oh my family, be faithful in 1787. It is situated on a gently uuto death,” were the last words he rising eminence. In front of it is a ullered. He died at the age of 68, spacious green. On the furiber having lived nine years from the side of it are “ a meeting house” founding of the college, and 25 from with a handsome spire," a house the time of his extending the benefit for Moor's school, a large building of his school to the Indians.
for students, and other dwelling, For the several duties of presi
houses. About filty families of redent of the school and college, pro. spectability bave migrated into the fessor of divinity, and pastor of the vicinity. The situation proves church in the college, Dr. Wheelock healthy, the neighbouring village received no other compensation than is pleasant, the couniry abounus a supply of provisions for his fa- with provisions, and the expense mily; and baving advanced between living is very moderate. There are 3 and 4000 dollars out of his own now generally about 150 resident funds for the use of the institu- students belonging to the college, tion at the season of its chief disli- and forty or fifty in the school. culties, lie, by his last will, bequeath About 1200 young men in all have ed 10 it ibis sum, reserving only an received the honours of Dartmouth annuity of about 160 dollars to his College, of whom 280 have been eldest son, an invalid. He also left ordained to the Gospel-ministry. to the school some other legacies. The ordinary subjects of study The following curtailed extract are, the classics, geometry, natural from a narrative of his own will and moral philosophy, law, metashew the ground on wbich he made physics, and theology. Lectures
on medicine and chemistry are perceive, while they are dull in dis. delivered. The study of Hebrew cerning the excellency of the spirit and otber oriental languages, as well that is in them. as of the French tongue, is recom
With our admiration of Dr. mended. The punishments are, ad- Wheelock, we ought, bowever, to monition, suspension, and expulsion. unite some praise of those who enThe library consists of about 4000 couraged and assisted him. Muchi volumes. Siage plays are prohi- honour is due to those Governors in bited. “ The orthodox and evan. America who countenanced the ingelical instruction given by the fant seminary ; much also to the professor of divinity excites," it is Earl of Dartmouth, its patron in observed, “ the pleasing hope that Great Britain ; and a large portion morality and piety will long be the of it may be allotted to that Christian glory of this seminary.'
Merchant who, by interposing his
liberal aid at a moment of extremity, Such is the present state of this a circumstance which has led to a once weak, loitering, and almost detailed commendation of him in the forsaken institution. One principal volume from which this account is feeling which the account is calcu- taken, infused life into the dying lated to excite is that of respect for institution. The bounty afforded by those persons who, being warmed his Majesty ought also to be rewith the love of God and their fellowcollected with satisfaction.
The creatures, deliberately resolve to kings of England have generally devote their lives to some arduous been friends to civilization, and to and important service. Dr. Whee- the propagation of the Gospel in lock was a man of this class. It foreign parts. Their praise is in all would be beside our purpose to the churches. inquire minutely into all the doc- On the generally beneficial contrioaj points which he held, or into sequences of this establishment it his sentiments on church govern- would be superfluous to dwell. It, ment. He was evidenily zealous however, deserves notice that the for the bonour of God, and for the northern part of America, in which promulgation of the name of bis Dartmouth College is situated, is, at Redeemer. He felt also for the the present time,peculiarly favourable bodies as well as the souls of men. to Great Britain, and that both the He united benevolence and piety; political and the religious principles and bis religion produced a decision instilled into the minds of the young of character without which he pro- students have probably cwnributed, bably would never have proceeded in no inconsiderable degree, to the to dedicate himself to the work to production of this British feeling. which his life was given. He per- The success in converting Indians severed amidst many discourage. appears, however, to have been ments, exercising meekness and pa. much less than the zealous minds lience, enduring labour and fatigue, of Dr. Wheelock and his English intent only on doing good.
friends at one time confidently exHow different is a Christian of pected. There is scarcely any great this class - from many who assume work of benevolence of which the the Christian name; who expect, result proves exactly that which its indeed, the same glory, honour, and first patrons had anticipated. Proimmortality, but are far from seeking vidence is ever carrying on its own it by the same patient continuance designs, and often effects its purpose in well-doing! Correct, possibly, in by the instrumentality of good men ibeir morals, and prudent in their disappointed of more than half their conduct, they are occupied in cri- immediate object. A variety of prulicising the more bold and fervent dential lessons has been derived kea, whose faults they are quick to from the experience of these worthy
persons, and a barvest of general by their successors to turn the nagood has been already reaped, which tions to their Saviour, we must not has compensated a thousand-fold for expect that the benighted Indians their expenditure of money and all will at once embrace the Gospel.” their partial disappoiutments.
lo America, “ a goodly number “: Although Missionaries and other of Coristian ministers, respectable charitable societies," says the biogra- for their talents, learning, and piety, pher of Dr. Wheelock, " have not met bave constantly devoted themselves with all the success expected, yet to be service of the Indians. They great benefits bave accrued to the have lived anong them, learnt their new-formed settlements of white language, and devored thenaselves lo people." " Christian Societies of the work. The Rev. John Elliot Missionaries have generally been too obtaiped by his labours the title of impatient to reap the harvest. They the Apostle to the Indians. He should recollect that the soil is un- collected them in villages ; taught cultivated, hard, and barren; that them husbandry and the wechanic much labour is needful. It is es- arts, as well as prudence in their ceedingly difficult to infuse suitable affairs; instructed them in the ap. conceptions of the plainest doctrines pointment of magistrates, judges, into the minds of Indians. Slowly do and courts; established schools ; they admit the Scripture ideas of de- formed for them catechisms; and pravity, of the atonement made for translated into their tongue the siu by Jesus Christ; of repentance, whole Bible, as well as many pious faith, and holiness of heart and life. tracts, He traversed the wilderness The native tribes of New England, himself, and formed churches, among who were instructed in the doctrines which were preachers of their own of Revelation by our pious ancestors, nation. These lodians prayed with pretty readily admitted the history of their families, attended public ibe Old Testament respecting the worship, and laid aside many of creation, the fall of man, and the their savage habits. The blessing deluge; but when told of a Saviour of Heaven has attended these and and his sufferings for sinners, they
similar labours to the conversion of cried out “ Pocalnie?” Is it possible? multitudes." To converse with savages on moral It deserves to be remarked, that and religious subjects is to speak in Dr. Wheelock was for a time much an unknown tongue. Their language opposed. “ His plans," it is said, has no words to convey ideas with " were contenged;" and “ if any any precision on these important thing appeared amiss in his arranges subjects."
ments, he was severely reproached " But,” it is added, we should by his enemies," Missionaries must. not despond though success should expect very hard measure from connot answer our hopes. Enough is temporary men of a cold worldly dise etfected to shew that our labours position. The time perbaps will are not in vain. Morning and
come, when those labourers in evening we should sow the seed: our Asiatic empire, who are now when the harvest may reward the the subjects of so much jealousy labour we kuow not, but we are and animadversion, will be remem-, sure that the joyful moment will bered only as the most forward of come. Ages elapsed after the preach- the benefactors of that continent; ing of Christ and his Apostles, before and as the Western world have mathe Roman Empire became Chris- nifestly profited by the rude piely tian. If, with all the advantages of some of the first emigrants from derived from the miracles and re- this country, as well as by that surrection of Christ, and from the ardent English zeal which sustained success and the miraculous gifts of their early schools and missions, so his Apostles, it was found so difficult also let us hope that at some future
day the Eastern Hemisphere will and it is of the want of evidence exhibit abundant proof of its obli- 'that I complain. Methodism, let gation to our munificence, will de- it be remembered, has established duce from us its history of many a
itself in some of the most profligate school wbich has expanded itself quarters of this country; and it is into a college, and will beconie one part of its praise, ibat it has adorned on every side with the mo- directed itself to these places. Is it numents of British piely. H. then fair to impute 10 Methodism
that insubordination which is the
natural result of profligacy, wherTo the Editor of the Christian Observer.
ever profligacy and Methodism coA DETAILED and apparently au- exist? Mr. Wesley was remarkthentic Report bas been printed of able for his success among the collbe Proceedings under the Commis- liers at Kingswood. if among sioners for Gaol Delivery for ibe these colliers, outrages like those in County of York, held in January Yorkshire had arisen, would it have 1813, on the occasion of the dis- been reasonable to charge them on turbances in those parts; and in a Mr. Wesley, on the ground of the sbort preface to that report, it is co-existence of Methodism and pro. stated, that the evil in question, fligacy in that district " was raised to its height by the
But I will not at present pursue religious fanaticsm which unbap- this subject. My chief purpose is to pily exists in an excessive degree in draw attention to the passage to these populous districts."
which I have referred; and in partiIt was patural to expect that this cular, to invite information from observation would be supported by those who may have the means of some part of that detailed account giving it, in consequence of resiof the proceedings themselves which dence in the disturbed districts. immediately follows, and wbich con- I will, however, remark briefly, stitates the substance of the work; that I do not consider the mere adbut I have looked in vain over the ministration of an oath by the in. 213 pages of Evidence and Speeches surgents to their deluded followers for any such passages, and I cannot 10 be any proof of the general prehelp lamenting that the anonymous valence of fanaticisın among these writer of the preface should have people. Oaths of a somewhat sifailed to furnish the public with milar description have been admiany documents whatever wbich nistered by evil-disposed persons on prove this material point. I am various other occasions ; in the case, aware that Methodists abound in for example, of those Jacobinical these districts; but I have heard that Societies which it was some years the Methodist preachers expressly ago the object of Parliament to supcautioned their followers against any press. The members of those soparticipation in the deeds of the cieties were characterized, as I apinsurgents, and thus contributed prebend, like the French Societies their part to the removal of tbe de. from which they sprung, not by losion.
religious fanaticism, but rather by It may possibly be said, that a contempluous disregard for ail Methodism may nevertheless have religion.
I am, &c. predisposed the minds of che lower
T. orders to insubordination, and may have produced esils whick, when Tothe Editor of the Christian Observer. risen to their height, the very Leacbers of it may bave perceived As there
doubtless' many and may not bave been able to amung your readers who feel consuppress. But surely this ought not siderable interest in the literary to be presumed without evidence, proceedings of our Universities, you Christ. Obsery. No. 145.