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Apostle tells the Galatians, “ I am with the faithful discharge of our crucified with Christ: nevertheless I public and social and private duties. live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in Certainly to plead to be set free from me; and the life which I now live moral obligations, under the pretence in the flesh I live by the faith of the of being crucified to the world, Son of God, who loved me, and gave would be a gross abuse of the dochimself for me." !

trine, Our business may be in It may here, perhaps, be objected this world, while our affections are by some, that however just these set on things above. Our converobservations may be, they apply to sation may be with men, while our St. Paul alone, and that other chief glorying is still in the Cross of Christians have no concern with Christ. Our walk may be on the them, except as displaying the ru- earth, while our spirits ascend above Jing principle of the great Apostle, it, and the treasure and ihe heart “ We do not,” it nyay be said, are in heaven. And not only is this

deny the doctrine; but St. Paul frame of mind consistent with the was raised up for a special purpose, performance of all our moral duties, and was honoured with a special but it teaches us to fulfit them faithe commission. He was expressly ap- fully; for it teaches us to be holy pointed to carry the tidings of sal- and blameless, and to do every vation to the Gentiles, and was thing as unto the Lord and not unto therefore endowed with a loftiness mev. of character and a devotedness of Let us then seek to cultivate these spirit suited to such an undertaking. holy dispositions ; to live as we It was the business of his life io have the holy men of old for our enpreach the Gospel; and the same samples; to meditate as they did on power which commanded him to the Cross of the Saviour. Thus shall preach Christ crucified, would enable our souls be animated like theirs him to glory in the Cross.” Now with the glorious sight. The world it cannot be denied that the Apostles and its allurements will be disregardin general were prepared as well as ed, and the language of our hearts commissioned for their great work; will be, “God forbid that I should and that they were endowed with glory in things so vain and fleeting. qualities suited to their peculiar Let the wise man, if he pleases, circumstances : but is it not the glory in his wisdom, the rich in his duty of every Christian, as well as riches, and the mighty in his might, of St. Paul, to triumph in the Cross? I also will glory in riches and wisTo this it is that we also are in- dom and might, in the fulness of debted for all our consolations, and him that filleih all in all; who once all our hopes: and to borrow the bore my sins in his own body on language of our church, we also are the tree, and will one day receive required 10 mortify all our evil and me to himself; who imparts io me corrupt affections, io crucify lhe old the sense of his favour; wbo enables man,' and utterly to abolish theme to know even in this life the inwhole body of sin; that all carnalfluence of the love of Christ which affections may die in us, and all passeth knowledge; and who will at things belonging to the Spirit may length raise me to another life, Jive and grow in us. Strong as is when I shall no longer behold him the language of St. Paul it describes in his sufferings but seated on a the very state which we are re- throne of glory, and, with the whole quired to seek, and for which our company of those who were the church has taught us to pray.

disciples of his Cross, shall extol It may further be objected, that for ever the triumphs of his redeem. such devotion of mind is inconsistent ing love." Amen.


For the Christian Observer. the periods of peace he treated them

with much humanity, and often joinACCOUNT OF DARTMOUTH COLLEGE IN

ed them in the chace. AMERICA.

Mr. Ralph Wbeelock, son of the Ar a period when war has broken last mentioned gentleman, is said to out between this country and the have been “ an officer” not of the United States of America, and the army, but “ of the church in Windspirit of hostility seems to be in- ham." He was a farmer of recreasing, I shall make no apology spectability, hospitable and pious. for thus introducing to you an article The Doctor, of whom we are prinof which one of the professed objects cipally to speak, was the only son of is the promotion of mutual kindness this religious agriculturist. A handbetween the two countries. I have

some legacy from his grandfather, indeed another important end in view, whose name he took, supplied the which is, that of countenancing the means of affording to him a public spirit of exertion in favour of the education at Yale College in ConHeathea world, of whick my paper necticut, where he was the first to will afford an example. I am in- receive the interest of a legacy given debted for all my materials to a re- by the Rev. Dean Berkley, lo the cent publication in the United States, best senior classic scholars. Не egtitled, Memoirs of the Reverend took his American degree in 1733.. Eleazar Wheelock, Founder and Pre- The religious impressions so genesident of Dartmouth College, and of rally prevalent about this time in Moor's Charity School; with a Sum. many parts of America, in the promary Account of the College and duction of which the Rev. Jonathan School, by D. M.Lure, D. D. and Edwards was principally instrumenE. Parish, D. D.

tal, served to excite our young In the year 1637, Mr. Ralph pastor, already deeply serious, to Wheelock; a non-conforming mini- ihe greatest exertions. He preached ster, born in Shropshire,and educated almost daily abroad and at home, to at Clareball, Cambridge, being about large and solemn audiences, and was 37 years old, removed himself with much attached to the Rev. Mr. many others for the sake of religious Whitefield. Towards the close of liberty to America. He settled at this scene, he exerted himself in Dedham in Massachusets, and be- checking what his biographer calls cane a proprietor of Medfield, where the “ wild torrent of delusion," which many of his descendants now reside. led many astray, who set up societies, He took charge of no church, but called by themselves Separatists, and employed himself in the instruction he was in this respect. very successof youth, and in giving, it is said, ful among his own people. such“ wise counsel” as was wanted He now became anxious for the in the in fancy of the settlement, conversion of the Indians in the both “in civil and ecclesiastical northern and western borders, whom matters."

he considered as having been most His soo Eleazar is stated to have criminally neglected. Being visited been both a Christian and a soldier. by Sampson Occum, a serious Indian la a war with the Indians, be com- youth, he afforded him instruction wanded a corps of cavalry, and his for three years, in a small school bouse at Mandon was turned into a which he conducted, and was much garrison. He expelled them from his encouraged by the success of this Lettlement with great spirit; but in experiment. The bounds of a paCaxist, Obagay. No. 145.




rish seemed now too small for him; object-an object, however, which he and the forests of America, occupied only pursued with the greater zeal, by numerous Indian tribes, pre- and it appeared in the end that those sented a noble field for apostolic tribes among whom his missionaries labours. A part of his plan was to and schoolnasters had most labour. persuade Indian parents, whom he ed, were either neutral, or friendly saw during his mission, to send 10 to the British, in the midst of the him their children; and he wished to general conteotion. make them equal even to English Even in “tbis dark period,” as youths in useful and virluous ac- the biographer terms it, the instituéomplishments. He took young wo- tion found many friends, and at the men as well as men; and of the end of the war donations flowed in former some were distributed among from all quarters. In particular, Sir pious families, and some committed William Johnson, Superintendant of to a governess.

Indian Affairs in North America, The want of a settled provision favoured Mr.Wheelock, and sent him for the Christian ministry manifest- many young Mohawks; among whom ed itself in the case of this zealous was the well-known Joseph Brant, minister, who, being at the pre- whom Sir William afterwards' emsent time but partially supported ployed in public business. by his people, conceived himself on In 1763, Mr. Charles Jeffrey that account entitled 'lo bestow on Smith was ordained both other objects a corresponding pro- preacher and as a missionary; and portion of his labours. The Rev. Mr. Wheelock on that occasion J. Brainerd, missionary to the In- delivered a sermon, which was afterdians at New Jersey, sent him four wards printed in Edinburgh, on Indian boys, and he became the these words : “And it shall come to affectionate father of a large and pass in the last days, that the mountawny family. The province of iain of the Lord's house shall be Massachusets voted him a temporary established in the top of the mounallowance, for educating six children tains, &c.” In this discourse the of the Six Nations; and Mr. Joshua wretchedness of the outward conMoor, a farmer in Mansfield, making dition of the Indians is urged as one the first considerable donation to his motive to compassion.

« Half nainstitution, it obtained the title of ked," it is said, " and almost starred Moor's Indian Charity School. for a great part of their time, with.

It is pleasant to record at this out suitable defence from the cold distance of time the names of those or storm, accommodated only with truly honourable men who at this a mat of flags or bulrushes, a kettle, period of the infant seminary, sus- a wooden dish, and a few wooden tained its weakness, and prepared it spoons ; strangers to the sweets of for that notice which it finally ob: friendship and to science, immersed tained. Probably their left hand in scenes of cruelty and blood; can scarcely knew what their right hand we think of them as fellow-men and was doing. In the warmth of their feel no compassion, or can we much simple piety and benevolence, they regard the expense of turning these laid a foundation on which a lofty habitations of cruelty into dwellingsuperstructure bas been built by places of righteousness, and little others, and they are long since gone sanctuaries, in which, instead of sacre to receive their abundant reward. fices lo devils, the true God may be A charter from England was now worshipped in spirit and in truth?". about to be obtained; but the war of They are said to have been sunk 1757 interrupted the proceedings into a much more savage state than and Mr. Wheelock, in consequence their supposed ancestors in Asia. of some barbarities practised by the That they came from Asia seems to ladians, was advised w abaadon bis have been generally believed in Ame.. rica ever since the proximity of the. Erskine of Edinburgh, and Walter two Continents at Bhering's Straits Scott of the same place are also namhas become known. This origin is in- ed among these northern worthies. ferred from the greater population of Eight Indian youths, educated at the the western side of North America, school, went forth at this timne, as from many traditions among the schoolmasters and assistants lo misIndians, and from their languages. sionaries; and the missionary Kirk“ Wbere the suo sleeps," say the land now travelled over the more Indians of Carolina, " thence our distant forests, having a body paforefathers came.” The Missisippi tient of fatigue, and a mind fearless tribes declare, that they came of danger in the cause of his Refrom the north-wes!;" the Nat- deemer; and the contempt of the ches, that “they once dweit in the proud and blood-thirsty warriors is south-west, under the sun." The said to have been gradually changed Six Nations affirm, that in the south- into admiration of tbis nias's cous vest is the court of the Great God rage and kindness. Sometimes fa“ Cautantowwit.” “ There are the mine threatened his life, sometimes spirits of our forefathers. Thither the passions of individuals; but he go our own spirits when we die. continued for eighteen months to From the south - west come corn preach the Word of Life, and to inaand beans, out of the fields of the prove himself in the Indian lanGreat God - Cawtallowwit.” The guage. language of Mexico is said to be The number of cbildren at Moor's capable of being traced to the lan- school now rose to about 120; and guages of Persia, Arabia, Tartary, the occasion for supplies of money &c. and several American languages becoming more and more pressing, somewhat resemble those of China the Rev. Mr. Occum, the first luand Japan.

dian preacher, of whose name menIt is further remarkable, that forts tion has been already made, passed and mounds resenibling those in over to Great Britain, in order to renorthern Asia, abound in America, commend the cause to the British and especially on the western side. Public. He preached in many pula

But to return to the school: The pits, usually from writen sermons ; Society in Scotland for propagating but he could also extemporize. His Christian Knowledge, " taking into compositions are said to have been their consideration the signal success easy, figurative, and impressive. The with wbich it had pleased Almighty King, at the instance of the late God to bless the British arms in pious and respectable Earl of DartNorth America, in the late war, and mouth, condescended to give 10001. considering that Providence therely to this object; and about 70001, called upon them to improve this being collected, a Board of Trusopportunity for enlarging the king. tees for the management of the fund dom of Christ in those dark places was appointed, at the head of which of the earth," proceeded to appoint a was this Christian Larl, and the late Corresponding Board for this gene- John Thornton, Esq. was the Trearal parpose ; and they especially surer. The University of Edinburgh named Mr. Wheelock's school, as a now conferred on Mr. Wheelock leading object of their attention and the degree of Doctor in Divinity. benevolence. The Legislature also of We have hitherlo been contem, Connecticut, the General Assembly plating only an Indian school, a mere of Massachusets and New Hamp- shrub, which has been gradually shire, and many other bodies, as well attaining to the height of the most * as individuals, favoured the desigo. aspiring of its kind, but not a spaAmong the Subscribers in North cious oak, or a cedar of the mounBritain we find the noble Marquis of tain. We have now, however, to Lothian, giving 100l. The Rev. Dr. speak of this little seed as plainly


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becoming a great forest tree, all the months; and the sun was rendered
fowls of the air, and the cattle of by the trees invisible, until it had
zbe field, beginning to flock to the risen many degrees above the hori-
shade of it. The views of every zon. The first winter, therefore, was
one being enlarged by the English long and dreary ; but the worthy
subscriprion, a more centrical site President consoled himself with re-
for the school was desired, and the flecting on the school of prophets
idea of a college also presented its founded in the wilderness of Jor-
self. Governor Barnard and Go- dan, by Elisha the prophet, and the
vernor John Wentworth were among minds of the young men were at this
the persons who were forward to in- time peculiarly drawn to the things
vite Dr. Wheelock into their dis- wbich concerned their salvation.
trict. Tracts of valuable land were When the season assumed a
freely offered; and in 1769, a char- milder aspect, the Doctor was used
ier issued from Governor Went to offer up to God his morning and .
worth for a college, endowed with evening prayer, standing in the
ample privileges, and all the ho. open air, at the head of bis nume-
nours of an English University. The rous family, while the pious sound
place fixed upon was the western reverberated through the surround-
part of New Hampshire : the name, ing forest. The difficulties abated.
in bonour of the English patron, Governor Wentworth was eager to
was Dartmouth College ; and Dr. assist the settlement, and offered
Wheelock, now 61, was the first to give to it the power of excluding

persons dangerous to the morals of
The departure of Dr. Wheelock the college by means of a civil
to his new residence was an event jurisdiction over the surrounding
scarcely less signal than that of the district; but now the agitations
migration of bis grandfather lo the which preceded the American Revo-
American continent. His pastoral re- lution began to obstruct the pro-
Jalion to his church at Lebanon being gress of improvement. Many In-
dissolved, which had subsisted for 30 dian warriors became jealous of the
years, the good old patriarch led the undertaking; and the Missionaries
way; a part of his own family pro- were driven in on every side, except-
ceeding in a coach, afforded him by ing that of the Oneidas, among whom
a friend in England, that good old the Christian labours of Mr. Kirklanel
Jand of conveniences; while the mul- had been extremely signal. Some
ļi ude of his coloured pupils, bringing indeed, even of those who had re-
up the rear, traversed the ground on ceived instruction under Dr. Whee-
foot. The number of souls, by the first lock, ranged themselves on the side
arrival, was seventy. The pines, one of violence and desolation, at the
of which measured 270 feet, bad been time when intercourse with Great
felled over a few acres before the Britain became suspended. "The
new colonists appeared, and a fram- fund in England for the school” is
ed house had been begun for the re- stated to have been “exhausted.”
ception of the aged Doctor. A col- The Doctor had now 16 Indian
Jege, 80 feet long and 2 stories high, and as many English youths under
was quickly raised; but the autumnal his care, whom he was preparing to
blasts made their early visit, and the send out as missionaries. His Amen
sufferings of the party were consi- rican resources for the school were
Jerable. The water sailing, they also cut off. The country was ful!
had 10. remove for 60 rods further only of military ardour. Even
south; aod, through some fault in the agriculture was neglected: labourers
construction of the mill, provisions could not be had at a reasonable.
came from far, and they were often price: men forsook the school of the
scanty as well as coarse. The snow prophets to ask for news from the
lay four fect deep, for nearly five camp, and the vine in tbe wilderness

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