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ON WHAT CHRIST IS MADE TO BELIEVERS IN FORTY REAL BENEFITS,

NOW FIRST PUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT OF THE REV. PHILIP HENRY.

PORTRAITS.

LONDON:

WILLIAM BALL, 34, PATERNOSTER ROW.

MDCCCXXXIX.

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In presenting to the public a new edition of the selected, and incorporated with the work, as still to
Life of that “wise, good, and truly wonderful man, increase the estimation of this edifying volume, and
Mr. Philip Henry,'

,"'* the editor cannot forbear to have urged him to undertake the service. The state, that early and established prepossessions have materials in his possession, and within his reach, powerfully concurred in its production.

frequently disposed him to comply. Of late, variThe published work has been long distinguished ous occurrences have served to engage his attenby special approbation. Sir James Stonhouse tion to it more fixedly, and the supply of numerous designated it his “ favourite piece of biography.”+ relics afforded a stimulus to the undertaking. Dr. Doddridge “ often spoke of it as affording him The whole seemed to form a deposit so favourable much instruction and encouragement.”I By another to the object, that, if attendant difficulties were not writer it is represented, as “one of the most in- insurmountable, the obligation to publish was renstructive and interesting pieces of religious bio- dered imperative. graphy ever written.”'S Mr. Chalmers pointedly Indeed, had the task been declined, might not the notices “the piety, Christian moderation, and good editor have incurred an imputation of selfishness, sense, which pervade the whole."|| And, by a late for improperly hoarding treasure so calculated for revered friend, Dr. Edward Williams, it is ap- general usefulness? These and other considerapropriately characterized, a beautiful delineation tions determined him to commence the work, and of primitive Christianity, and the power of godli- to proceed with it as quickly as constant profesness, where social religion and personal holiness are sional engagements would allow. drawn to the life, and eminently manifested ; where, In the “ Entire Collection of Mr. Matthew in a word, the doctrine of the life of God in the soul Henry's Writings,"

"** the Life of his Father was of man, derives a striking proof, and a venerable inserted. sanction."

With this exception, the editor is not aware of Judicious friends have repeatedly suggested to any genuine edition, since the third, which was the writer, that existing manuscripts might be so published in 1712; improved by the author's final

• Life of the Rev. T. Rosewell, p. 20. oct. 1718.

+ Letters from the Rev. Job Orton, and the Rev. Sir James Ston-
house, Bart. M. D. to the Rev, Thomas Stedman, M. A. Vicar of St.
Chad's, Shrewsbury, ed. 1805. vol. 2. p. 300; and see also, vol. 1. p.
171, note.
Lise, by Orton, p. 63. oct. 1766.

& Eclectic Review, N. S. vol. 7. p. 273.
|| Gen. Biog. Dict. vol. 17. p. 361. by Alexander Chalmers, F. S. A.

1 Preface to Morrice's Social Religion Exemplified, p. xv. ed. 1786.

** In seven volumes. 4to, 1811. edited by the Rev. George Burder, and the Rev. Joseph Hughes, A. M.

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corrections, * and the addition of a sermon, preach A minute detail of the sources whence the new ed by himself, on the death of his honoured mother. materials have been derived has been deemed un

A new and valuable, but abridged, republication necessary. Nor bas it been thought expedient to appeared in 1765, under the superintendence of the distinguish, in every instance, the particular nature Rev. Job Orton. The copy wbich he used on that of the manuscript resorted to. occasion,t with the alterations in his own hand, The diary, in compliance with well-established being in the possession of Mr. Stedman, through his custom, is uniformly pointed out. A few but imkindness an opportunity was afforded to the present material alterations have been made; such as occaeditor, of noticing the great extent of the variations. sional abridgments and transpositions, and the It was dedicated, -" To the Descendants and other completion of here and there a sentence. SomeRelations of Mr. Philip Henry;" and in the opinion times obsolete words or phrases have been changed there expressed most readers will concur. “ I or expunged. estecm it,” says Mr. Orton, one of the chief ex In general,—“ to prevent any repellent effect, it cellences of this book, that it is, as the author hints was thought advisable to adopt the modern orthoin his Preface, the history of a person who mani-graphy.” In two instances, the one a letter from fested such an eminence of piety, prudence, humili- Lady Puleston, the other from Mrs. Henry, the ty, zeal, and moderation, as would have adorned original spelling has been retained. the highest station, and is scarcely to be equalled. Being favoured with nearly the whole of the Life, He is, therefore, a suitable and bright example to in Mr. Matthew Henry's hand-writing, f the editor persons of every rank, as well as an admirable bas, by collating, been enabled to make such commodel for the ministers of the gospel.” |

parisons and additions as to insure uniform accuOf the second edition, $ of the original work, a racy. re-impression has lately been given by a dignitary As to the general plan, much difficulty was felt; of the established church, || Dr. Wordsworth ; who, but to have made alterations, or to have done otherin his Preface, has observed, that“ if he could any wise than reprint, would have been to destroy the where have found nonconformity united with more charm which will ever attend the volume, as a meChristian graces than in Philip Henry,” the ex morial of strict fidelity and filial affection ; as disample should have obtained its station in the work. tinguished also by an enviable simplicity, and a

Various other editions, both Scotch and English, naïvéte ** of expression, in perfect unison with the more or less inaccurate, might be enumerated, but subject. the supply can furnish no reason for withholding Objections may arise to such large additions to one more correct and enlarged.

the original volume, and it may be feared that the

1711-12, January 22. I began to read over my father's Life, to correct it for the press. Rev. Matthew Henry's Diary, Orig. MS. + The first edition, 1698.

Dedication, pp. iv. v. See Mr. Griffin's Sermon on "The Decline of Religion," oct. 1812. p. 68. Mr. Henry's Life is there urgently recommended to ministers.

Printed in 1699. || See Ecclesiastical Biography; or Lives of Eminent Men connected with the History of Religion in England, by Christopher Wordsworth, M. A. Dean and Rector of Bocking, (now D. D. and Master of Trinity College, Cambridge,) in 6 vols. oct. 1810.

I In the possession of Mr. Witton,

The following notice of the undertaking, in a letter to the Rev. F. Tallents, shows the author's anxious desire of accuracy :

“ Chester, November 21, 1696. “ If Unis find you, as I trust it will, somewhat revived, let it also acquaint you that I am over-persuaded myself to put together what materials we have of my dear father's life, wherein I shall, as well as I cao, pursue the directions you gave me ; when it is done, (and it is not yet begun,) I shall submit it to your censure, and desire you to put a short preface before it. I purpose, in a chapter by itself, to give some very short accounts of his friends and brethren in the ministry, that went to heaven before him, having materials for it out of his own

diary; only I do not remember that I met with any thing there cog-
cerning Mr. Hildersham of Felton, who yet I know was his great friend.
When you are at leisure, I shall be glad to have from you two or three
lines concerning him, particularly his age, and the time of his death;
and whether he ordered this to be his epitaph, (as I think I have heard, )

- Here lyes S. H. Minister of Welsh Felton,' till August 24, 1662."
Matthew Henry. Orig. MS. British Museum, fol. No. 4275. Plut. II.
E. Bibl. Birch.

** It was not till after the above paragraph was written, that the
editor noticed, in the History of Dissenters, by Messrs. Bogue and
Bennett, vol. 2. p. 295. a like statement. The Rev. Master of Trinity
College has adopted a different phraseology. He says of the work in
question," It abounds somewhat too largely in certain quaintnesses
of expression introduced into religious subjects, and affected by the
puritanical divines." Eccl. Biog v. 6. p. 109, ut supra. If it be here
intended to insinuate, that quaintness of expression was peculiar to the
puritans, a query at once presents itself as to Bishops Latimer, and
Andrews, and Fell, the poet Herbert, and other eminent episcopalians.
See post, p. 214.

Were they puritanical divines? And was Sir Edward Coke of the same fraternity ? Mr. Justice Blackstone says, " The great oracle was not a little infected with quaintness.” Comment. v. I. Introd. 3. p. 71. 15th ed. The truth is, that, in those times, to adopt a remark

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