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A very useful abridgment of the earlier æcumenical and provincial coun
cils, with many excellent critical remarks. We may here observe tbat no official account of the entire proceedings
of the Council of Trent, which is regarded by Roman Catholics of the present day as instar omnium, has hitherto appeared. There are many editions of the Canons and Decrees,-the best are those of Philip Chiflet, Antwerp, 1640, and John Gallemart, Cologne, 1712. The Acts of the Council have hitherto been carefully locked up, nor is it probable that the Court of Rome will ever allow them to be published. The following works, however, will throw a good deal of light upon the general proceedings of this inspired synod, and the artifices employed in it by the Pope and his legates in order to carry matters their own way. Sarpis (commonly called Father Paul) History of the Council of Trent. London, 1619. fol. A standard work. The English translation by Brent is but indifferently
executed. There is an excellent French version by Father Le Courayer, with a valuable commentary.
Pallavicini, History of the Council of Trent, Rome, 1656. 2 vols. fol. Written in opposition to that of Father Paul, and professedly in vindica
tion of the Council. It was, however, shrewdly observed by a learned Roman Catholic that its tendency was in reality much more injurious than that of the work it opposed, for it only served to shew how little could be said in the Council's defence.
Vargus's Letters and Memoirs. Originally written in Spanish, but first published in English by Geddes,
afterwards in French by Michael Le Vassor,
Instructions et Missives des Rois Tres Chretiens. Paris, 1654. A most important collection of dispatches from the King of France's
Ambassadors and agents at the Council of Trent.
Aymon, Lettres, Anecdotes et Memoires Historiques du Nonce Vis. conti. Amsterdam, 1719.
Villanueva's Literary Memoirs. Lately published, in Spanish. It contains many papers illustrating the
private history of the Council of Trent. An interesting abstract of them is given in Mr. Blanco White's Practical and Internal Evidence. 2d Edition.
Richerius, Historia Conciliorum Generalium, Cologne. 1683. Contains a copious account of the Council of Trent, and many severe
animadversions upon its proceedings, such as one would hardly expect from a Roman Catholic and a doctor of the Sorbonne.
WORKS ON ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY. Baronü Annales Ecclesiastici. 12 vols. fol. Rom. 1588-98. A work of immense labour, but abounding in errors, partly wilful, and
partly occasioned by the author's ignorance of Greek and Hebrew. These have been diligently pointed out by various authors, both Ca. tholic and Protestant, the chief of whom are Isaac Casaubon, Samuel Basnage de Flottemanville, and Antonio Pagi. The animadversions of the last-mentioned author are inserted in the Lucca edition of Baronius and add considerably to its value.
Dupin, Bibliotheque des Auteurs Ecclesiastiques. 19 vols. 4to. A learned, elaborate, and useful work.
Fleury's Ecclesiastical History. Written with great eandour and piety. There are several ecclesiastical histories by British Roman Catholics,
viz.-Cressy's Church History of Brittany-Alford's Annals, ge., but they generally display little talent and less fidelity. The only one which deserves to be called classical, is Lingard's Antiquities of the Anglo Saxon Church. 2 vols. 8vo. 1806. It is acute, learned, and elegant, but by no means impartial.
LITURGICAL WORKS. Breviarium Romanum, Jussu Pii V, &c. recognitum. Sometimes in one volume, but more generally in four parts, adapted to
the different portions of the year.
Missale Romanum. I vol.
“Supplement to the Breviary and Missal,” containing offices for the
Pontificale Romanum, 1 vol.-
coronations of Sovereigns, processions, &c. &c. The above works ought to be diligently consulted by all who wish to
know the real doctrines and practices of the Church of Rome. The Martyrologies and Lives of the Saints are very numerous. Baronius's Martyrologium Romanum is the most publicly accredited work,
but it contains many errors and perversions of the truth. Those who wish to investigate the subject critically should consult the Acta Sanctorum of the Bollandists, and Tillemont's Ecclesiastical Memoirs.
to the 20th of May last, inclusive, The following facts, which we was 721: in the other cities and have compiled under separate heads counties of Ireland from 1st Jan. from the published correspond. to 20th May, 1827, the number ence of the Reformation Society, was 762, making a grand total of will give our readers an interest 1483 converts within little more ing view of the present state of than seven months. It must also things in Ireland: and we hope be remembered that this calculathat this is but a specimen of the tion "is altogether exclusive of valuable information with which the many hundreds throughout the the public will be favoured through kingdom, who are known in their the medium of that important in. neighbourhoods to have conformed stitution.
to the Protestant Religion, with
out a public recantation of the erNUMBER OF CONVERTS. rors of Popery." The number of It appears that the total number conversions since May last is not of converts in the town and coun- given in the Society's list, nor does try of Cavan, from Oct. 8th, 1826, it appear that authentic returns have yet been received. We are after evening to hear it read, and glad, however, to have it in our bringing an advocate for their opipower to present this first sum- nions to defend the cause of Mr. mary to our readers : and we hope Maguire against that of Mr Pope, shortly to be able to furnish them as supported by a zealous advocate with a more complete view of the of Protestantism. progress of the Reformation. We
" It is worthy of remark that, subjoin a few extracts illustrative on the last evening of their assemof
bling in this manner, a consideraTHE PROGRESS OF RELIGIOUS ble number of the Roman CathoINQUIRY
lic party retired from the crowd; “In there is an intense de- and so dissatisfied did they acsire to hear the principles of the knowledge themselves with the arReformation explained. In con- guments, or rather assertions, of sequence of overflowing congrega- Mr. Maguire, as stated and suptions, we lately enlarged
ported by their chairman, that chapel by erecting galleries: but
they determined on sending one of all will not accommodate the mul.
their party to
the Roman titudes who are anxious to come. Catholic bookseller, to ascertain On some occasions I have found it whether the copy of the discussion necessary to deliver the same con- which had been subscribed by troversial sermon a second time in Messrs. Pope and Maguire was the same place to a new congrega- one on which they could depend tion; and actually to make the un- for authenticity; when the followusual request that my own people ing conversation ensued : 'Pray, would remain at home, and thus Mr. (pointing to the pam. accommodate strangers. On every phlet) is this an authentic copy of occasion when popery is exposed, the discussion between, &c. &c.?' many, very many, are obliged to • Yes.' *How then does it happen return home : were we able to en- that on Mr. Maguire's side there large our chapel, I know not what is so much contradiction and inthe amount of our congregation consistency-Pope against Pope, would be. Oh! that some of our Council against Council ?'. 'Surely wealthy English Christians could my good friend, you would not exsee perhaps hundreds returning pose or acknowledge this before from the only place, in a town of Protestants.' The deputy related nearly 16,000 inhabitants, where this and other particulars to the there is a regular controversy with person who had espoused Mr. the man of sin," and I think they Pope's side of the discussion; and would cheerfully comply with the result is, that the copy of the that demand of Jehovah's word, discussion has been acknowledged 'Strengthen ye the weak hands, as authentic, Mr. Maguire's stateand confirm the feeble knees.'” ments contradictory, and the po
Another correspondent writes pish champion dismissed with hiss
“There is a deep spirit of es from the controversial arena." enquiry on religious subjects, A third thus expresses himself: amongst the Roman Catholics of “A most determined spirit of my parish, manifested in reading enquiry has been excited here, the Scriptures, controversial tracts, and it manifests itself in many and whatever other books may ways. The Roman Catholics aptend to throw light on the point ply for and read the Scriptures; of doctrine controverted between indeed, within the last few days Í them and members of the Reform- sold an octavo Bible to one of ed Church; and on this subject the them, and he declared with tears discussion between Messrs. Pope of joy that “all the priests in Ire· and Maguire has excited much in- land should not take it from him, terest, numbers of them (perhaps or prevent him from reading it.” from 30 to 60) assembling evening They also read tracts on the points of difference ;-they seem disposed Testament; and previous to the to converse with their Protestant last assizes, I have often had up. neighbours on the work of Refor- wards of thirty at a time, most atmation now going on, and to dis- tentively listening to me reading cuss the doctrines on which they and expounding a chapter in the differ; and they in many instances, New Testament. This displays at attend controversial preachers. Of once a spirit of enquiry, and a this last fact I can give a remark- greater resistance to the authority able instance. I went on three dif. of the priests." ferent occasions to church, for the Under this head we shall give purpose of preaching on contro- one more extract. versy : on each occasion the priest “ There appears to be a strong prohibited his flock from attending spirit of enquiry among the Roman the “preaching," as he called it, Catholics, especially the lower and nevertheless numbers came. classes in this parish: many of
“The disposition to resist the them attend my lectures notwithauthority of the priests is decidedly standing the threats and denuncigreater: it is partly manifested in ations of their clergy. I generally the points before alluded to, and lecture, when they are present, partly in some parents sending from the Douay Bible; and they their children to school in spite of are particularly struck with those all that the priests can do. The passages
from it which bear against causes of the difference appear their own religion, as they were to me to be the progress of common
led to believe that such passages sense and Scripture, the two most were only contained in the autho. deadly foes that Romanism ever rized version. Many of them have had. In fact, the people are be- come several miles to see whether ginning to find that the Protestant the second commandment as given clergy are not the ignorant and in- in our Protestant version is contolerant monsters that they have tained in the Douay Bible; and, on been represented to be ; and they finding it there, have expressed have found that the priests have a their astonishment. Most of the self-interest in keeping them ig- lower orders are in complete ignonorant. They will no longer sub- rance of such a commandment mit to be flogged ; and I think being in existence, as it is not conthat every violent act of the priest tained in the catechisms now in sends me some more Roman Ca. general use among the Roman tholic hearers for my controversial Catholics in this country.” sermons. One evening I had up- “ The mode of instruction I wards of forty, and I have been have found most effectual in entold that he (the priest) had been lightening the Roman Catholics, denouncing me and my hearers is holding lectures on the Scripthat very day.”
tures, and particularly those pasThe following fact is too inter- sages which bear on the contro. esting to be omitted :
verted points of doctrine, in the It is unquestionable, that a great houses of some Protestants, to spirit
of enquiry pervades the Ro- which the Roman Catholics resort; man Catholics, which is manifested also, from inviting them to my by their holding arguments with own house in the evenings, when Protestants, and by reading Tracts they have an opportunity of readand other publications. But the ing their own version of the Scripplace where I have seen this feel. tures. And I do believe there is ing most strongly manifested is in not another Roman Catholic edi. the jail of where the priests tion of the Scriptures in the Engdid all in their power to keep the lish version in this parish except prisoners in ignorance. But they it is in the hands of the priest, nos have now been obliged to give do I believe that he has one.” them several copies of the Douay
OBSTACLES TO THE PROGRESS OF
with a place on the valuable list
-" prohibitorum librorum.” THE REFORMATION,
“The greatest obstacle, in my The following are specimens, opinion, to the progress of the and we regret that we cannot Reformation in this country arises, quote more largely on this impor- independent of the opposition tant subject.
given by the priests to the cir“In reference to the general culation of the sacred Scriptures, cause of Reformation in Ireland, from the bad example of some I shall candidly give you my own nominal Protestants, and also views. At present there are not from the interference of some of so many public recantations as for- the lower orders of Roman Camerly; but you may rest assured tholics, who have just sufficient that the leaven is operating, and education to pervert the Scriptures the work therefore advancing; and by their bad comments. To these dimmer far than the 'twilight of the priests pay a marked attention creation' must be the intellectual at all times, particularly in the vision of the man who cannot dis- presence of the congregation, of cover that the Irish mind is advan- which they are very proud. Those cing, with rapid strides, toward persons would sooner risk their an emancipation from the uncom- everlasting salvation than he lesmanded austerities and the degra- sened in the esteem of their clergy." ding superstitions of Popery. “ The opposition to the scrip
** If asked why, in my opinion, tural education of the Roman Ca the Reformation is not apparently tholics is unabating ; and this proceeding as usual, I would say, morning I received a memorial that the late discussion has hith- from a respectable and intelligent erto combined with other causes Roman Catholic schoolmaster, to produce this effect. The priests stating that he was publicly dehad an apparatus formed, by which nounced from the altar, hy the a chant of “lo triumphe was priest of his parish, on Sunday conveyed to every cabin in the last; and that the people were land; and this for a time, in my prohibited, under the threat of opinion, retarded the Reformation:
severe penalties, to send their but novo the discussion is begin children to be instructed by him ; ning to operate, men are begin- and that his only offence was his ning to reflect, the priests see the perseverance in giving scripture danger, and I am informed that instruction to his pupils. Another they have actually prohibited its Roman Catholic sehoolmaster was perusal !! Still, however, it is similarly treated by the same read ; and when the apostle of Ire- priest, on the same day, for a land Íras published his cheap edi- similar offence : the former pertion with notes, I am far mistaken, son has submitted the matter to if the whole will not be honoured me, and requested my advice."
ERRATUM. P. 220, line 29. After “the Church of Rome," instead of a full stop, which divides
the sentence improperly, there ought to have been only a comma.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS, &c.
Communications have been received this month from “D," "A. B," "Hope. D,"
“Anglicanus," and "a Member of the Church of Rome."