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Decrewed (IV. vi. 18): decreased, waned. O.Fr. décreu, p.p. of

décreistre, Mod.Fr. décroître. Defeasance (1.-xii. 12): defeat, overthrow. M.E. defesaunce. Defeature (Iv. vi. 17): defeat. Deflore (Hymne, 39): deflower, violate, desecrate. Delaye (Apr. 171): moisten. Fr. délayer. Descant (Ep. 81): song ; treble sung or played to a ground bass.Discoloureà (1. xi. 31 et pass.): variously coloured. Disentrayle (iv. vi. 16) : draw forth from the entrails. Doubted (Oct. 41): redoubted, feared. Dreriment (Ep. ii et pass.) : sorrow. Spenserian invention, dreary

+ment. Earne (1. i. 3): yearn. Eath (iv. vi. 40) : easy. Eft (Hymne, 114 et pass.) : afterwards. Embosse (1. xi. 20) : plunge, fix. Spenserian usage. Embost (111. xii. 17): tired out. A hunting term. Emboyled (1. xi. 28) : boiled (both literally and metaphorically).

Spenserian: em+boiled. Empight (Hymne, 49): fixed in, implanted in. See pight. . Enchace (i. xii. 23) : to set, as a jewel. Fr. enchâsser. Enfouldred (1. xi. 40): hurled like a thunderbolt. O.Fr. fouldre,

Fr. foudre. Engorged (1. xi. 40): crammed. Fr. engorger; en+gorge, the throat, Enraced (Hymne, 114; VI. X. 25): implanted. Epiphonematicos (Oct. 301): by way of envoy. Term of rhetoric :

επιφωνηματικώς. Fewter (iv. vi. 10) : to lay (spear) in rest. Fr. feutre, the felt lining

of the spear-rest. Fit (C. C. 69): a stave of song. Often spelt fytte. Fit (IV. vi. 30): painful experience. Flitting (1. xi. 13): unstable. Translates Lat. leves (ar.rae). Fon (Oct. 91): fond, foolish. Forthy (11. ix. 49) : therefore. Gests (11. ix. 53) : actions, exploits. O.Fr. gestes, Lat. gesta. Archaic

in Spenser's time. Goolds (C. C. 339) : golds, marigolds. Grayne, dyde in (Ep. 228): scarlet dye; kermes. Med. Lat. grana,

berry, the insects of which the dye is made being thought to be

berries. Gride (iv, vi. I): pierce, wound. Grosse (1. xi. 20): clumsy, rude. Gust (vii. vii. 39): taste. Ital. gusto. Heben (1. Int. 3; iv, vi. 6): ebony. Lat. hebenus. Hippodames (11. ix. 50): In 111. xi. 40 this word stands for hippo

camps, the mythical sea-horses of Neptune ; confused by

Spenser (perhaps intentionally) with hippotame, hippopotamus. Hooved (C. C. 666): swelled. Northern ; apparently a derivative

of heave. Hot (1. xi. 29): was named. Parallel form of hight; 0.E. hatan. Housling (1. xii. 37) : purifying (by ceremonial lustration). O.E.

huslian, to administer communion.

Impe (1. Int. 3 et pass.): offspring. O.E. impa. Cf. modern use of scion.
Intendiment (111. xii. 5): meaning.
Libbard (VII. vii. 29) : leopard.
Liefe (C. C. 16): dear. O.E. leof.
Limbeck (VII. vii. 31): alembic.
Make (Am. lxx. 11; Ep. 87): mate.
Minished (1. xi. 43): diminished.
Misconceipt (IV. vi. 2): misunderstanding.
Misleeke (v. vi. 49) : 'mislike, dislike.
Mote (passim) : may, can; might. O.E, mót, pres. tense of moste;

Mod.Eng. must. Spenser uses it for both pres. and past tenses. Mott (C. C. 365): probably a false past tense for met, measured ;

O.E. metan. Net (III. xii. 20): pure, clean. Fr. net. No'te (III. vi. 40) : ne mote : may not, cannot. Noule (VII. vii. 39) : head. O.E. hnoll. Noyous (1. xi. 50): vexatious, troublesome. Oaker (R. T. 205): ochre. Paravaunt (C. C. 941 ; VI. X. 15): before the rest, pre-eminently. O.Fr. Pawnce (Apr. 142): pansy. Pearling (Ep. 155): forming or looking like pearls. Peize (v. ii. 46): weigh. O.Fr. peiser ; a parallel form to poise. Pight (1. xi. 25, et pass.) : fixed. O.E. pizt, p.p. of picchen. Piil (vi. x. 5): pillage, plunder. O.E. pilian; Fr. piller. Poyse (v. ii. 34); weight. O.Fr. pois, Mod.Fr. poids. Preace, put in (Oct. 70): exercise, put in practice ; Spenserian

usage (N.E.D.). Prepare (Herford). Pride (1. xii. 22): display. Prime (VII. vii. 43): spring, the first season. Principals (E. K. p. 22, 27): the first two primaries of a hawk's

wing. Raught (p. 5, 2): reached. Ray (v. ii. 50): array. Recure (E. K. p. 20, 22, et pass.) : cure. Rivage (iv. vi. 20): river-bank. Fr. Rudded (Ep. 173): made red. Ruddock (Ep. 82): redbreast. Scorse (11. ix. 55): exchange. Southern dialect. Scryne (1. Int. 2 ; 11. ix. 56): chest for keeping books. Lat. scrinium. Sdeignfull (v. vi. 33) : disdainful. From, or by analogy from, Ital.

sdegno, disdain, +full. Seare (1. xi. 13): ? adjective formed (by Spenser) from verb sear, to

wither; or a noun of similar formation, sulphur being the adj.? Sell (iv. vi. 13): saddle. Somd (E. K. P. 22, 22) : summed, fledged. Falconer's term. Sownd (1. xii. 5) : ? to make resound ? Or is there in Spenser's mind · some suggestion of Lat. sumere ? Stead (111. xii. 2): place. O.E. stede. In this absolute use, somewhat Steane (vii. vii. 42) : stone jar. O.E. stæne. Cf. Ger. stein. Sterne (1. xi. 18): tail. Still used of hounds. Stockes (Oct. 282) : hose.


Stound (1) (passim) : time. Dialectal and archaic.

(2) (Oct. 49 ; iv. vi. 37) : pang, short pain. Chiefly Northern, and used very vaguely.

(3) (IV. vi. 12); swoon. O.E. stund. Stoures (Hymne, 73 ; vir. vii. 28) : troubles. Stye (1. xi. 25): ascend, mount up. O.E. stizan. Surquedrye (v. ii. 30): arrogance. O.Fr. surcuidrie; common in

M.E. Sythe (C. C. 23) : time. 0.E. sið. Tead (Ep. 27; 1. xii. 37) : torch. Lat. taeda. Tenor (Oct. 50 ; Ep. 9): character, quality. O.Fr. and Mod.Eng.

tenor of a document. Thewed (Hymne, 136): endowed (with qualities). Perhaps from

O.E. béaw, habit. (Or, perhaps, from Chaucerian thee, O.E.

béon, to grow, thrive ?) Tho (passim) : then. Thrillant (1. xi. 20): penetrating. Thrilling (0.E. þyrlian), with

archaic Northern participal termination -ant. Tickle (VII. viii. 1): insecure. M.E. tykel : cf. Northern, kittle,

uncertain. To-fore (vii. vii. 30): before, formerly. Tort (1. xii. 4): injury, wrong. Fr. tort. Legal. Towre (Ep. 68): to ascend, rise aloft. (?) Trac'd and traversed (iv. vi. 18): a literary formula for the actions

of fighting, probably from Malory. Meaning uncertain; perhaps,

to follow up the adversary as he retires, and to step sidewise. Troad (vi. x. 5) : track. 0.E. trod. Vade (v. ii. 40) : to fade. Southern form, or by contamination with

Lat. vadere, to go. Ventayle (iv. vi. 19): lower movable part of a helmet, later used

for all the hinged parts which covered the face. O.Fr. a

breathing-place: or, a fan (from its action on the hinges). Whyleare (iv. vi. 36; vii, viii. 1): a while before, a little time ago. Wimpled (1. i. 4) : arranged in folds like a wimple. Spenserian. Wonne (1v. vi. 5): dwell. 0.E. wunian. Wroken (v. ii. 47): Yroke (iv, vi. 23): M.E. past tense from wreak. Y drad (1. i. 2) : dreaded. Yede (1. xi. 5): to go. Archaic past tense here used as present. Yelded (1. xi. 37) : Reduplication of yell. Yode (VII. vii. 35): archaic form parallel to yede : O.E. éode.

Spenser may have thought of it as the past tense of yede. Yold (vii. vii. 30): yielded. A false formation ad hoc. Y same (VII. vii. 32): mixed together. M.E. adv. samed, together ;

probably taken to be a past part.


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