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sembly, or from other moit respectable sources. We have endeavoured to state facts with the utmost impartiality; and though we profess to be the friends of freedom in general, the reader will find that we have not been sparing of our strictures on the conduct of borbi partes; whenever the principles of justice lere outragėg; and whenever the cause of liberty was dilgroceds up in too many instances it was, by the.populace of France and their deinagogues. One effect we are led to hope for confidently from the representation we have drawn of these affairs, which is, that it will serve to abate the violence of both parties on the subject-Such is ever the effect of truth. The favourers of the French revolution will learn from our statement, that though the principle is impregnable, the conduct of the actors in this great event was not always immaculate ; and those who are, in the general, hostile to it, may perhaps be induced to allow that such an amazing change in a despotic government, the abuses of which so many were interested in preserving, could not be conducted without some acts of violence and outrageWhere the people are to do every thing, they will do some things wrong.

Another principle which a fair view of this subject will establish, and which may also serve to diminish the animosity of parties in this country, at least, is, that no grounds of comparison exist between

the

the present state of this nation and that of France, previous to the revolution ; consequently there is no necessity for a revolution here, nor ought any apprehention of it to be entertained. The monarchy, the hierarchy, the aristocracy, of France were all totally different from ours, indeed formed

upon

ala most opposite principles. We would not be understood to infinuate that our present constitution is per

but the vices of our government are entirely different from the vices of the old government of France, and must be reformed in a different ner.

The increasing information and sober sense of the people will gradually produce a legal reform in whatever parts of our constitution are decayed; but corruption and tyranny were so rooted in the old government of France, that it could not be corrected, but must be necessarily overthrown.

fect;

We have also, in different parts of the narrative, given our sentiments very freely on the errors and imperfections which we think we have discovered in the new constitution of France : and in all discussions which appeared of general importance or utility we have endeavoured to condents the arguments and opinions on each side, so as to present the question to the reader, as nearly as we could, in that precise view in which we conceive it must have appeared to the national assembly.

In the debates of our own parliament we have proceeded upon nearly a similar plan, and have studied to give a concise view of all the arguments which were adduced on both sides on every great or important question ; and this we trust is done with fairness and impartiality.

The other departments of the work have been executed with the usual attention, and we flatter ourfelves will be received with the usual candour.

CO N.

C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

C Η Α Ρ Τ Ε R I.

France. State of Parties previous to the Meeting of the States-Geneval.

Riot at Paris. Allembly of the States. Contest with respect to the Mode of

voting by Orders or by Poll. The Tiers Etat confiitute themselves a Na-

tional Asembly. Asembly repulsed from the Hall of the States. Take an

oab never to separate till the Constitution be settled. Royal Session. Union

of the Orders. Projects of the Court. Paris encircled with Military.

Soldiers released from Prison by the populace. Famine in Paris. Remon-

ftrance of the Assembly. Dismission of M. Neckar. Disturbances at Paris.

Firmurfs of the National A Tembly. The Bastille taken.

3

с н А Р Т Е В II.

State of Paris after the Capture of the Bastille. Nomination of Mel: Bailly

and La Fayette to ihe Offices of Mayor of Paris, and Commander in Chief

of the National Guard. Te Deum Jung at Paris in celebration of the taking

of the Bastille. M. Neckar recall.d. The King visits Paris. Diperkon

of the Ministry. Murder of M1. M. Foulon and Berthier. Revoli in the

Provinces. Affair of Quincey. Perfecution of the Nobility. Private Cor-

respondence held facred. Triumphant Return of M. Neckar. Unpopular

Act of the Electors of Paris. Outrages in the Provinces. Abolition of the

Feudal System, &c. Projected Loans. Riot at Paris. Organization of

the Municipality and Militia of the Metropolis. Debates on the King's Vito.

On the Permanence of the LegiNature. On two Chambers. New Scheme of

Finance. Dreadful Infurrection of the 5th a Otober. The Royal Family

remove from Vefuilles to Paris.

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Emigration of the Aristocratic Members of the Assembly. Title of King of

the French. Duke of Orléans retires to Englend. A Baker hins eit by the

Mob at Paris. Riot Atl. New Division of the Empires Church Lunds

ap-

CH A P T E R IV.
Courts of Justice. New Tares. Droit d'Aubaine, &c. abolished. Accufa-

tion of the Chatelet, againsi M. M. d'Orleans and Mirabeau. Provincial
Disturbances. Affair of Nancy. Refignation of M. Neckar. Mutiny at
Breft. Riot at Paris

. Affairs of Avignon. Ejectment of the non-juring
Clergy from their Benefices. League formed by Foreign Powers again!
France. Troubles at Äix, Lyons, and Brittany. Emegration of the King's
Aunts. Armed Min found in the Palace. Decrees relative to the Army, the
Regency, Si. Discusion of the Law of Inheritanceso Death and Cha.
racter of M. de Mirabeau. Organization of the Ministry. The King

stopped as he was going on St. Cloud. Infurrections in the French Colonies.

Flight of the King. His Return. Hoftile preparations on the Frontiers.

Martial Law proclaimed at Paris. The New Constiution presented, and

accepted by the King

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