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of hunting in the park; and upon his admiring the singularity oi her choice, she told him, that she “received more pleasure from that author, than others could reap from all their sport and gaiety."

6 Her heart, replete with this love of literature and serious studies, and with tenderness towards her husband, who was deserving of her affection, had never opened itself to the flattering allurements of ambition; and the information of her advancement to the throne, was by no means agreeable to her. She even refused to accept the crown; pleaded the preferable right of the two princesses ; expressed her dread of the consequences attending an enterprise so dangerous, not to say so criminal; and desired to remain in that private station in which she was born.

7 Overcome at last with the entreaties, rather than reasons, of her father and father-in-law, and, above all, of her husband, she submitted to their will, and was prevailed on to relinquish her own judgment. But her elevation was of very short continuance. The nation declared for queen Mary; and the lady Jane, after wearing the vain pageantry of a crown during ten days, returned to a private life, with much more satisfaction, than she felt when royalty was tendered to her.

& Queen Mary, who appears to have been incapable of generosity or clemency, determined to remove every person, from whom the least danger could be apprehended. Warning was, therefore, given to lady Jane to prepare for death; a doom which she had expected, and which the innocence of her life, as well as the misfortunes to which she had been exposed, rendered no unwelcome news to her.

9. The queen's bigoted zeal, under colour of tender mercy to the prisoner's soul, induced her to send priests, who molested her with perpetual disputation; and even a reprieve of three days was granted her, in hopes that she would be persuaded, during that time, to pay, by a timely conversion to popery, some regard to her eternal welfare.

10 Lady Jane had presence of mind, in those melancholy circumstances, not only to defend her religion by solid arguments, but also to write a letter to her sister, in the Greek language; in which, besides sending her a copy of the Scriptures in that tongue, she exhorted her to maintain, in every fortune a like steady perseverance.

11 On the day of her execution, her husband, lord Guilford, desired permission to see her; but she refused her consent, and sent hiin word, that the tenderness of their parting would overcome the fortitude of both; and would too much unbend their minds from that constancy, which their approaching end required of them. Their separation, she said, would be only for a moment; and they would soon rejoin each other in a scene, where their affections would be for ever united ; and where death, disappointment, and misfortunes, could no longer have access to them, or disturb their eternal felicity.

19 It had been intended to execute the lady Jane and lord Guilford together on the same scaffold, at Tower-hill; but the council, dreading the compassion of the people for their youth, beauty, innocence, and noble birth, changed their orders, and gave directions that she should be beheaded within the verge of the Tower.

13 She saw her husband led to execution ; and, having given him from the window some token of her remembrance, she waited with tranquility till her own appointed hour should bring her to a like fate. She even saw his headless body carried back in a cart; and found herself more contirmed by the reports which she heard of the constancy of his end, than shaken by so tender and melancholy a spectacle,

14 Sir John Gaye, constable of the Tower, when he led her to execution, desired her to bestow on him some small present, which he might keep as a perpetual memorialofher. She

gave him her table-book, in which she had just written three sentences, on seeing her husband's dead body; one in Greek, another in Latin, a third in English.

15 The purport of them was, " that human justice was against his body, but the Divine Mercy would be favourable to his soul; and that if her fault deserved punishment, her youth, at least, and her imprudence, were worthy of excuse; and that God and posterity, she trusted, would show her favour." On the scaffold, she made a speech to the by-standers, in which the mildness of her disposition led her to take the blame entirely on herself, without uttering one complaint against the severity with which she hąd been treated.

16 She said, that her offence was, not that she had laid les hand on the crown, but that she had not rejected it with sufficient constancy; that she had less erred through

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ambition than through reverence to her parents, whom she had been taught to respect and obey: that she willingly received death, as the only satisfaction which she could now make to the injured state; and though her infringement of the laws had been constrained, she would show, by her voluntary submission to their sentence, that she was desirous to atone for that disobedience, into which too much filial piety had betrayed her; that she had justly deserved this punishment, for being made the instrument, though the unwilling instrument, of the ambition of others : and that the ston ry of her life, she hoped, might at least be useful, by proving that innocence excuses not great misdeeds, if they tend any way to the destruction of the commonwealth.

17 After uttering these words, she caused herself to be disrobed by her woman, and with a steady, serene countea nance, submitted herself to the executioner.

SECTION V. Ortogrul; or, the vanity of riches. As Ortogrul of Basra, was one day wandering along the streets of Bagdat, musing on the varieties of merchandise which the shops opened to his view ; and observing the different occupations which husied the multitude on every side, he was awakened from the tranquility of meditation, by a crowd that obstructed his passage. He raised his eyes, and saw the chief vizier, who, having returned from the divan, was entering his palace.

2 Ortogrul mingled with the attendants; and being supposed to have some petition for the vizier, was permitted to enter. He surveyed the spaciousness of the apartments, admired the walls hung with golden tapestry, and the floors covered with silken carpets; and despised the simple neatness of his own little habitation.

3 "Surely,” said he to himself, “this palace is the seat of happiness ; where pleasure succeeds to pleasure, and discontent and sorrow, can have no admission. Whatever pature has provided for the delight of sense, is here spread forth to be enjoyed. What can mortals hope or imagine, which the master of this palace, has not obtained? The dishes of luxury, cover his table; the voice of harmony lulls him in his bowers; he breathes the fragrance of the groves of Java, and sleeps upon the down of the cygnets of the Ganges.

4 He speaks, and his mandate is obeyed; he wishes, and his wish is gratified; all, whom he sees, obey him, and all, whom he hears, flatter him. How different, o Ortogrul, is thy condition, who art doomed to the perpetual torments of unsatisfied desire; and who hast no amusement in thy power, that can 5 They tell withhold thee from thy own reflections !

that thou art wise; but what does wisdom avail with poverty ? None will flatter the poor; and the wise have very little power of flattering themselves. That man is surely the most wretched of the sons of wretchedness, who lives with his own faults and follies always before him; and who has none to reconcile him to himself by praise and veneration. I have long sought content, and have not found it; I will from this moment endeavour to be rich."

6 Full of his new resolution, he shut himself in his chamber for six months, to deliberate how he should grow rich. He sometimes purposed to offer himself as a counsellor to one of the kings in India ; and at others resolved to dig for diamonds in the mines of Golconda.

One day, after some hours passed in violent fluctuation of opinion, sleep insensibly seized him in his chair. He dreamed that he was ranging a desert country, in search of some one that might teach him to grow rich; and, as he stood on the top of a hill, shaded with cypress, in doubt whither to direct his steps, his father appeared on a sudden standing before him. Ortogrul,” said the old man, “ I know thy perplexity ; listen to thy father; turn thine eye on the opposite mountain."

Ortogrul looked, and saw a torrent tumbling down the rocks, roaring with the noise of thunder, and scattering its foam on the impending woods. “Now,” said his father, “ behold the valley that lies between the hills.” Ortogrul looked, and espied a little well, out of which issued a small rivulet. “Tell me, now," said his father, “ dost thou wish for sudden aflluence, that may pour upon thee like the mountain torrent; or for a slow and gradual increase, resembling the rill gliding from the well ?"

9 “Let me be quickly rich,” said Ortogrul ; "let the golden stream be quick and violent.” “Look round thee," said his father,

once again.” Ortogrul looked, and perceived the channel of the torrent dry and dusty ; but foiJuwing the rivulet from the well, he traced it to a wi?.

lake, which the supply, slow and constant, kept always full, He awoke, and determined to grow rich by silent profit, and persevering industry.

10 Having sold his patrimony, he engaged in merchandise; and in twenty years, purchased lands, o. which he raised a house, equal in sumptuousness to that of the vizier ; to this mansion he invited all the ministers of pleasure, expecting to enjoy all the felicity which he had imagined riches able to afford. Leisure soon made him weary of himself, and he longed to be persuaded that he was great and happy. He was courteous and liberal: he gave all that approached him, hopes of pleasing him, and all who should please him, hopes of being rewarded. Every art of praise was tried, and every source of adulatory fiction, was exhausted.

11 Ortogrul heard his flatteries without delight, because he found himself unable to believe them. His own heart cold him its frailties; his own understanding, reproached him with his faults. “How long," said he, with a deep sigh,“ have I been labouring ir vain to amass wealth, which at last is useless! Let no man hereafter wish to be rich, who is already too wise to be flattered."

SECTION VI.

The Hill of Science. In that season of the year, when the serenity of the sky, the various fruits that cover the ground, the discoloured foliage of the trees, and all the sweet, but fading graces of inspiring autumn, open the mind to benevolence, and dispose it for contemplation, I was wandering in a beautiful and romantic country, tili curiosiiy began to give way to weariness; and i sat down on the fragmeni ota rock overgrown with moss; where the rustling of the falling leaves, the dashing of waters, and the him of the distant city, soothed my inind into a most perfect tranquility; and sleep insensibly stole: upon me, as I was indulging the arretable reveries, which the objects around me naturally inspired.

2 I immediately found myseii in a vast extended plain, in the iniddle of which arose a mountain, higher than Thad before any conception of. It was covered with a multitude of people, chiefiy youtil

, many of whom poressed forward with the liveliest exprossion of ardorin their countenance, thotzph

way was, in many places, steep ant difficult.

DR. JOHNSON.

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