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A BELLIGERENT BISHOP.
A PARALLEL CASE.
to put themselves under the protection of the SUCCESSFUL COURAGE. In the sixth century, Gregory, the Bishop of Lombards. For what more grievous oppression Rome, in a letter to Constantia, the empress, can they suffer from the barbarians, than to be
The narrations of a frontier circle, as they says, “ Knowing that there were many idola-obliged to sell their children? I know that the tors in Sardinia, that they worshipped idols, emperor will say, that the whole produce of draw round their evening fire, often turn upon and that the clergy were remiss in preaching the revenue in these islands is applied to the the exploits of the old race of men, the heroes our Redeemerto them, I sent a bishop from Italy support and defence of Italy. Be it so; but of the past days, who wore hunting-shirts, and thither, who, the hand of the Lord being with a divine blessing ought not to be expected to settled the country. In a boundless forest full him, brought over many of them to the faith. attend the gains of sin.”—— Milner's Church of panthers and bears, and more dreadful In
dians, with not a white within a hundred miles, I am inforined, that those who persevere in History. idolatry give a fee to the judge of the island,
Our anti-slavery friends will apply the fore
a solitary adventurer penetrates the deepest that they may be allowed to do so with im- going facts and reasoning to some circum- wilderness, and begins to make the strokes of
bis axe resound among the trees. The Indians punity. . Some, having been baptized, and stances of the present times.
find him out, ambush, and imprison him. A ceasing to worship idols, are still obliged to
more acute and desperate warrior than thempay the same fine to the judge, who, when the
selves, they wish to adopt him, and add his bishop blamed him, answered, that he had
strength to their tribe. He feigns contentpaid (so much money for the purchase of There was a King of Hungary who took a ment, uses the savage's insinuations, outruns his office, that he could not recover his ex. bishop in battle, and kept him prisoner. Where- him in the use of his own ways of managepenses but by such perquisites. The island upon the Pope wrote a monitory letter to him, ment, but watches his opportunity, and, when of Corsica also is oppressed with such ex- for breaking the privilege of holy church, and their suspicion is lulled, and they fall asleep, actions and grievances that the inhabitants taking his son. The king sent an embassy to are scarcely able to pay the hibubs, even by him, and sent withal the armour wherein the bounds away into unknown forests, pursued
he springs upon them, kills his keepers, and the 'sale of their children. Hence a num- bishop was taken, and this only in writing :
by them and their dogs. He leaves them all ber of proprietors in the island, relinquish- “ Know now whether this be thy son's coat or
at fault, subsists many days upon berries and ing the Roman government, are reduced no."
roots, and finally arrives at his little clearing, and resumes his axe. In a little palisade, three or four resolute men stand a siege of hundreds of assailants, kill many of them, and mount calmly on the roof of their shelter, to pour water upon the fire which burning arrows have kindled there, and achieve the work amidst a shower of balls. A thousand instances of that stern and unshrinking courage which had shaken hands with death, of that endurance which had defied all the inventions of Indian torture, are recorded of these wonderful men.
The dread of being roasted alive by the Indians called into action all their hidden energies and resources.
I will relate one case of this sort, because I knew the party, by name Baptiste Roy, a Frenchman, who solicited, and, I am sorry to say, in vain, a compensation for his bravery from Congress. It occurred at “Côte sans Dessein," on the Missouri. A numerous band of northern savages, amounting to four hundred, beset the garrison-house, into which he,
his wife, and another man, had retreated. ROCHE ABBEY.
They were hunters by profession, and had Tons is all that time and antiquarian | been played by several goblins and ghosts powder, lead, and four rifles in the house ; rapacity have spared of Roche Abbey, in in this cave, and about this abbey, and they immediately began to fire upon the InYorkshire. It was founded in 1147, and we were not a little entertained by the dians. The wife melted and moulded the dedicated to the Virgin Mary. But 'little honest simplicity of the credulous rela- lead, and assisted in loading, occasionally is known of its history; but it appears, at tors. One side of the nef of the build- Indian that approached the house was sure to the time of its dissolution, to have pos- ing, and some odd arches, are all that fall. The wife relates, that the guns would sessed considerable wealth.
are now left, except several small frag- soon become too much heated to hold in the only interesting for the picturesque beauty ments, which are dispersed for above a hand; water was necessary to cool them. It of its situation and ruins, which are thus mile round, a great part having been car
was, I think, on the second day of the siege described in the “Tour of Great Britain.” ried away, from time to time, to repair that Roy's assistant was killed. He became “ The north and south side of these ruins adjacent churches, or to build gentle and see what they had done. He put his eye are bounded by two large woods. To the men's seats. These ruins, among which to the port-hole, and a well-aimed shot deeast is a large bed of water, the collec- large trees are grown up, and the con- stroyed him. The Indians perceived that their tion of a rivulet which runs amongst the tiguous borders, make a picture inexpres- shot had taken effect, and gave a yell of exulruins. The banks on each side of this sibly charming, especially when viewed tation. They were encouraged, by the mowater are steep, and charmingly clothed with the lights and shadows they receive mentary slackening of the fire, to approach with trees of various sorts, interspersed from the western sun, together with the the house, and fire it over the heads of Roy with several peeping rocks and ruins ; fragments of sepulchral monuments, and roof
, knocked off the burning boards, and esunder one of the rocks is the mouth of the gloomy shades of those venerable caped untouched from the shower of balls. a cavern, which, I was told, had a com- greens, ivy, and yew, which creep up, what must have been the nights of this husmunication with a monastery in Tickhill and luxuriantly branch out, and, mixing band and wife ? After four days of unavailing Castle, about two miles distant; but that with the beautiful whiteness of the rocks, siege, the Indians gave a yell, exclaimed that now the passage is stopped up by the give such a solemnity to the scene as the house was a “grand medicine,” meaning falling in of the earth. Several tradi- demands a serious reverence from the that it was charmed and impregnable, and tionary stories are almost universally told beholder, and inspires a contemplative attest the marksmanship of the besieged, and
went away. They left behind forty bodies to and believed, by the inhabitants here- melancholy, oftentimes pleasing, as well
a peck of balls collected from the logs of the abouts, of ridiculous pranks which have as proper, to indulge.”
It is now
This island is situated in the Atlantic / voyage, he was shipwrecked on its coast, | possession of it by the English during Ocean, about four thousand miles south- and, after a painful confinement of a year the protectorate of Cromwell. west of England. It is one hundred and fifty in the island, he returned to Spain, where, Prior to the treaty between Spain miles in length, and its average breadth exhausted by his recent hardships, he and England in 1630, which was the is about forty miles. Its centre lies in soon terminated a life which the most | latest entered into previous to the protecabout 18° 12, in north latitude, and in unparalleled and successful enterprise torate, the Spaniards had claimed and longitude about 76° 45' west. Its cli- has consecrated to lasting fame. After exercised the exclusive privilege of navimate, therefore, is extremely hot, varying the death of Columbus, and about se ven- gating the American seas, by open hostilbut little in summer and winter. The teen years after the first settlement of the ities towards all other ships found there. face of the country is exceedingly fine, Spaniards in Hispaniola, the latter sent Such an exorbitant pretension was, howbeing beautifully wooded, varied with out a colony to re-possess Jamaica. ever, resisted by every maritime state hills of gentle acclivity, and abounding Diego Columbus, son of the discoverer, whose interests were involved ; and parwith springs and streams. Indeed, its claimed the island as his father's heir, and, ticularly by the English, who had already name, which, by the early Spanish histo- after much difficulty, arising out of the same planted colonies in Virginia, the Bermurians, was written Xaymayca, is said to unprincipled meanness in the king, which das, St. Christopher's, and Barbadoes. have signified, in the language of the thwarted and embarrassed his father, es- To end these contests, the treaty of 1630 original natives, a country abounding in tablished his right, and sent over Juan de was entered into, which promised to sesprings.
Esquivel, as his deputy. Esquivel was cure uninterrupted communication beIts productions are various and profuse, succeeded, after his death, by governors tween the English and their settlements; and in some parts there are appearances who deviated widely from the pacific po- but, in violation of all that is held sacred of metals. Indeed, in all the prominent licy which he had observed ; and from in the intercourse of states, a colony of features of this ill-fated land, we may that time the, history of Jamaica began to the English in the little island of Tortuga read a benediction of nature, which is be written 'n blood. Unhappily, the was, eight years after, attacked by the frightfully contrasted with the burning Spaniards took with them to the Indies Spaniards, who, with characteristic ferocurse stamped on every page of its mo- their religion and their avarice: and, city, put every man, woman, and child dern history by the heartless cupidity of with these two weapons, they extermi- to the sword! The same atrocity was Europeans.
nated the whole of the Indians-not a again perpetrated at Santa Cruz in Jamaica was discovered by Columbus, single descendant of the aboriginal inha- 1650. on the 3rd of May, 1494, in his second bitants being alive when the English took Under these and similar provocations, expedition to the New World. Conceiv- the island in 1655, nor, as is believed, a powerful armament was equipped by ing that this was the country to which the for a century before. The minuter de Cromwell, and sent out to reduce HispaIndians had directed him, he turned his tails of these events, however, are happily niola, a principal settlement of the Spacourse towards it, and, after a slight con- concealed by the silence of history, which niards. In this attempt, however, the test with the natives, which terminated affords comparatively scanty notices of English were unsuccessful, but took Jaamicably, he took possession of it. Nine the interval between the first settlement maica in May, 1655. They found it years after this, in his fourth and last lof 'the Spaniards in Jamaica and the thinly populated, a large part of it waste
and uncultivated, and totally destitute of office of Chief Judge in the island, with the means of public lectures, to be delivered those productions which have made it great honour to himself and advantage to throughout the country by gentlemen possessing
the necessary qualifications for this duty. valuable in later times. Its population the inhabitants, opposed it with such It was determined that this department of Antiwas about equally composed of whites ability and fortitude in the council, that Slavery labour, with the application of the funds and of African slaves, whom the Spa- he was dismissed from his post by the then offered, and other pecuniary aid afterwards nish settlers joined, with their neigh- new governor, and conveyed as a state obtained for the same purpose, should be entrusted bours of Hispaniola, in obtaining, as prisoner to England. This measure, how- mittee. That Committee was formed by, and soon as they had exterminated the ever unjustifiable, was productive of good; composed of, members of the Anti-Slavery Comoriginal natives. This iniquitous po- for Colonel Long, being heard before the. mittee ; together with some other gentlemen who
were not members of that body. The busilicy was the more wanton, as they had king and privy council, pointed out, with
ness of both committees was, for a period of no useful purpose apparently to which such force of argument, the evil tendency twelve months, conducted, not only on the same their labour was directed. The Spanish of the steps recently taken, that the En- premises, but in the same offices ; until the Agency inhabitants seem to have lived in great glish government reluctantly submitted, Committee, conceiving that the object of its instipenury and sloth : they had no commerce withdrew their plan, and removed Lord tution would be best promoted by separation from
the other society, removed its business to a dif. worthy of mention, and they only ex- Carlisle from the governorship.
ferent suite of offices in the same building; not pended so much labour on the soil, as These measures, however, were far Jess, however, than one-half of the gentlemen conwas necessary to procure from it the from destroying all cause of future con- stituting the Agency Committee still remaining
members of the Anti-Slavery Committee, and some means of subsistence. test with the crown; for although the as
of them actively co-operating with both. After the capture of the island, it re- sembly had recovered the privilege of
The principal object of the institution being the mained under military jurisdiction, until framing such laws as the exigencies of employment of agents for the performance of the the restoration of Charles II. The army the colony might require, yet the bills duty before specified, it consequently adopted the underwent severe hardships, being inces- which they passed, and the judgments of designation of " Agency Anti-Slavery Society;" santly harassed by the dispossessed Spa- the courts of law, when brought before the ceedings, with an account of receipts and expenniards and negroes, and at length became king, though not disallowed, frequently diture, for the satisfaction of its subscribers. discontented and mutinous, under the af- remained long unconfirmed. All these The Agency Society, disclaiming all political fliction of both plague and famine. Crom vexations arose out of the question of re- and party views, has, nevertheless, felt it a para
mount duty, by every legitimate means, to excite well, however, bent his attention to the venue; and affairs remained on this un
arliamentary influence in favour of the extincpeopling of the island, and held out con- settled and precarious footing for fifty tion of slavery. In the classification of candidates, siderable inducements to colonists, both years; until, in 1728, the revenue act favourable and unfavourable to immediate emancifrom the neighbouring islands, and from was passed, which included conditions pation, it has followed the precedent of a similar England. But what contributed far more agreed to by both parties, and put an end tional questions. The object has been to apprise than these expedients to the preservation to these contests.
the constituency at large of the real sentiments of and improvement of Jamaica, was the Such is a very brief sketch of the his- their respective candidates on this particular point; mission thither of D'Oyley as commander tory of Jamaica up to 1728. The fur- and its beneficial effect is clearly demonstrable, of the troops, who gained their affections, ther prosecution of it would lead us far being already enabled to record nearly 150 candirevived their spirits, and, assisted by their into the details of slavery, which subject dates, in England alone, who have avowed thembravery, defeated with triumph an at- we purposely avoid at present, partly be- selves the supporters of immediate emancipation. tempt, made in the year 1658, by the cause the limits of this article would not The repeated complaints, on the part of candi
dates, of the omission of their names in Schedule. former possessors of the island, under the admit of any other than a cursory glance of the Society's lists, induced the committee Governor of Cuba, and the Viceroy of at that important subject, and partly be- to direct their secretary to address a letter to those Mexico, to regain it. Tranquillity being cause we are unwilling to anticipate the whose opinions were not known, soliciting inforrestored, numbers of all professions, and more comprehensive history of slavery, on mation on the subject, with a view to obviate
such complaints; and the committee cannot obfrom all parts of the British Empire, which it is our intention shortly to enter.
serve, either in the terms of this letter any thing Hocked to Jamaica; some owing to the
disrespectful, or in its object any thing unconsticonfusion which overspread England on
tutional; and that it is not viewed in any objecCromwell's death, and others who had
AGENCY ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. tionable or offensive light by men of honest
principle-men who wish not to deceive by delubeen active in bringing Charles the First
sive or evasive professions-is sufficiently proved to the block, and who considered this Wm. ALLEN, Esq. Thomas FISHER, Esq.
by the number of satisfactory answers received island as a safe place of refuge. In 1661, Henry Acos, Esq.
Rev. Jos. IVIMEY. Charles the Second appointed D'Oyley RichaRD BARRETT, Esq. L. C. LECENNs, Esq.
The Agency Anti-Slavery Society has now the chief governor of Jamaica, with orders Rev. Dr. Cox.. Wm. Nash, Esq.
pleasing duty to perform of congratulating the
friends of the cause on the unexampled success of to release the army from military subor- EMANUEL Coorer, Esq. HENRY POW NALL, Esq. its exertions. To estimate aright their effect, it is
Rev. PRICE. dination, and, with the advice of a coun- J. S. Elliott, Esq. GEORGE STACEY, Esq.
only necessary to contrast the apathetic indifeil to be elected by the inhabitants, to Wm. Euwards, Esq. Joseph Wilson, Esq.
ference which so generally prevailed on the slavery
question at the commencement of its labours, with pass laws suitable to the exigencies of the
the feeling now awakened, and strongly expressed, colony. This may be considered as the
throughout the kingdom. The lectures delivered, first establishment of a civil government
Agency Anti-Slavery Society's Office, the public meetings held, and the associations in the island, after the English had be
18, Aldermanbury. Nov. 6, 1832. formed, by the agents of this society, have greatly come masters of it. Hitherto the policy SIR, --The Secretary of the Anti-Slavery Society to such successful efforts is the society indebted
contributed to this change in the public mind; and of England had been pacific and equi- having issued an officiale notification that that body for the great and generous support it has received, table ; but in 1678, when much had been I am directed by the latter to communicate to you; may be attributed the hostility which it has expedone to injure liberty at home, the privi- for the information of the public, some facts not
rienced from a portion of the daily press, which, leges of the colonist abroad excited the adverted to in Mr. Pringle's letter. jealousy of government, a
professing still to have negro emancipation in In the early part of the year 1831, some bene view, finds its account in protracted discussion
new system of legislation was adopted for Ja-diate abolition of slavery, and feeling persuaded volent individuals, warmly espousing the imme.
and delay. maica, and the Earl of Carlisle was sent that this measure would be greatly promoted were
The success of the past must stimulate the out as Governor to enforce it. The as- the public miod better informed as to the existing future, and it is determined perseveringly and
Agency Society to increased exertion for the sembly, however, indignantly resisted the state and real character of slavery in the British uncompromisingly to pursue the tenor of its way attack upon their liberty involved in it; contributions, and proposed to the Anti-Slavery feels -no unworthy rivalry towards kindred instiand Colonel Long, who had exercised the Society a plan for imparting this information, by 'tutions : it seeks neither to detract from their
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST.
WRITELN BY AN OFFICER LONG RESIDENT IN
INDIA, ON HIS RETURN TO ENGLAND.
merit, nor to repress their efforts in this sacred thickets; and, as the workmen advanced, men market. In winter, when the slide was cocause ; and to all who, with a warm zeal and were posted at certain distances, in order to vered with snow, the barrels were made to dean, honest activity, labour for its promotion, it point out the road for their return, and to disco scend on a kind of sledge. The wood which most cordially extends the right hand of fellow. ver, in the gorges, the places where the piles of was not fit for being carbonised was heaped ship, and heartily bids "God speed.”
wood had been established. M. Rupp was up and burnt, and the ashes packed up and I am, sir, your very obedient servant, himself obliged, more than once, to be sus carried away during the winter. Joun Crisp, Secretary.. pended by cords, in order to descend precipices A few days before the author of the pre
many hundred feet high; and, in the first ceding account visited the slide, an inspector
months of the undertaking, he was attacked of the navy had come for the purpose of exSLIDE OF ALPNACH.
with a violent fever, which deprived him of amining the quality of the timber. He deTue following most interesting account Nothing, however, could diminish his invin- was so strong, so fine, and of such a size; and
the power of superintending his workmen.clared that he had never seen any timber that of this stupendous undertaking is found cible perseverance. He was carried every day he concluded an advantageous bargain for translated in Brewster's Journal, and is a to the mountain in a barrow, to direct the 1000 trees. striking proof that nature itself presents labours of the workmen, which was absolutely Such is a brief account of a work underno obstacles which may not be surmount- necessary, as he had scarcely two good car- taken and executed by a single individual, ed by the enterprise of men, in alliance penters among them all, the rest having been and which has excited a very high degree of with the powerful machinery to which ledge which such an undertaking required to add, that this magnificent structure no longer their ingenuity has given rise.
M. Rupp had also to contend against the pre-exists, and that scarcely a trace of it is to be For many centuries the rugged flanks and judices of the peasantry. He was supposed to seen upon the flanks of Mount Pilatus. Polithe deep gorges of Mount Pilatus were covered have communion with the devil.
tical circumstances having taken away the with impenetrable forests. Lofty precipices charged with heresy, and every obstacle was principal source of the demand for timber, encircled them on all sides. Even the daring thrown in the way of an enterprise which they and no other market having been found, the hunters were scarcely able to reach them; regarded as absurd and impracticable. All operation of cutting and transporting the trees and the inhabitants of the valley had never these difficulties, however, were surmounted, necessarily ceased. conceived the idea of disturbing them with and he had at last the satisfaction of observing the axe. These immense forests were, there the trees descend from the mountain with the fore, permitted to grow and to perish, without rapidity of lightning. The larger pines, which
STANZAS, being of the least utility to man, till a foreigner, were about a hundred feet long, and ten conducted into their wild recesses in the pur- inches thick at their smaller extremity, ran suit of the chamois, was struck with wonder at through the space of three leagues, or nearly the sight, and directed the attention of several nine miles, in two minutes and a half; and
(From “ The IVelshman."). Swiss gentlemen to the extent and superiority during their descent they appeared to be only
I CAME, but they had pass'd away, of the timber. The most intelligent and skil- a few feet in length. The arrangements for The fair in form, the pure in mind, ful individuals, however, considered it quite this part of the operation were extremely sim- And, like a stricken deer, I stray, impracticable to avail themselves of such in- ple. From the lower end of the slide to the Where all are strange, and none are kind; accessible stores. It was not till November, upper end, where the trees were introduced, Kind to the worn, the wearied soul, 1816, that M. Rupp, and three Swiss gentle- workmen were posted at regular distances, That pants, that struggles for repose : men, entertaining more sanguine hopes, drew and, as soon as every thing was ready, the Oh! that my step had reached the goal up a plan of a slide, founded on trigonometri- workman at the lower end of the slide cried Where earthly sighs and sorrows close ! cal measurements. Having purchased a cer- out to the one above him, “Lachez” (Let go).
Years have pass'd o'er me like a dream, tain extent of the forests from the commune | The cry was repeated from one to another, and That leaves no trace on memory's page ; of Alpnach for 6000 crowns, they began the reached the top of the slide in three minutes. I look around me, and I seem construction of the slide, and completed it in The workmen at the top of the slide then cried Some relic of a former age. the spring of 1818.
out to the one below him, “ Il vient” (It Alone, as in a stranger-clime, The Slide of Alpnach is formed entirely of comes), and the tree was instantly launched Where stranger-voices mock my ear, about 25,000 large pine trees, deprived of their down the slide, preceded by the cry which was I mark the lagging course of time, bark, and united together in a very ingenious repeated from post to post. As soon as the
Without a wish—a hopea fear! manner, without the aid of iron. It occupied tree had reached the bottom, and plunged into
Yet I had hopes—and they have fled; about 160 workmen during eighteen months, the lake, the cry of “ Lachez” was repeated
And I had fears—were all too true ; and cost nearly 100,000 francs, or £4,250. It as before, and a new tree was launched in a
My wishes, too but they are dead, is about three leagues, or 44,000 English feet similar manner. By these means a tree de- And what have I with life to do.! long, and terminates in the Lake of Lucerne. scended every five or six minutes, provided no 'Tis but to bear a weary load, It has the form of a trough, about six feet accident happened to the slide, which some- I may not, dare not, cast away ; broad, and from three to six feet deep. Its times took place, but which was instantly re- To sigh for one small, still abode, bottom is formed of three trees, the middle paired when it did.
Where I may sleep as sweet as they :one of which has a groove cut out in the direc- In order to show the enormous force which
As they, the loveliest of their race, tion of its length, for receiving small rills of the trees acquired from the great velocity of
Whose grassy tombs my sorrows steepwater, which are conducted into it from vari- their descent, M. Rupp made arrangements
Whose worth my soul delights to trace ous places, for the purpose of diminishing the for causing some of the trees to spring from Whose very loss 'tis sweet to weepfriction. The whole of the slide is sustained the slide. They penetrated by their thickest To weep beneath the silent moon, by about 2000 supports; and in many places extremities no less than from eighteen to With none to chide, to hear, to see; it is attached, in a very ingenious manner, to twenty-four feet into the earth ; and one of Life can bestow no dearer boon the rugged precipices of granite.
the trees having by accident struck against On one whom death disdains to free. The direction of the slide is sometimes the other, it instantly cleft it through its
I leave a world that knows me not, straight, and sometimes zig-zag, with an in- whole length, as if it had been struck by
To hold communion with the dead ; clination of from 10 to 184. It is often car- lightning. ried along the sides of hills and the flanks of After the trees had descended the slide, they
And fancy consecrates the spot
Where fancy's softest dreams are shed. precipitous rocks, and sometimes passes over were collected into rafts upon the lake, and
I see each shade all silvery white; their summits. Occasionally it goes under conducted to Lucerne. From thence they de- I hear each spirit's melting sigh; ground, and at other times it is conducted over scended the Reuss, then the Aar to near I turn to clasp those forms of light, the deep gorges by scaffoldings 120 feet in Brugg, afterwards to Waldshut by the Rhine, And the pale morning chills my eye. height.
then to Basle, and even to the sea, when it The boldness which characterises this work, was necessary.
But soon the last dim morn shall rise ; the sagacity displayed in all its arrangements, In order that none of the small wood might
The lamp of life burns feebly, now,
When stranger-hands shall close my eyes, and the skill of the engineer, have excited the be lost, M. Rupp established in the forest large
And smoothe my cold and dewy brow. wonder of every person who has seen it. Be- manufactories of charcoal. He erected maga- Unknown I lived--so let me die; fore any step could be taken in its erection, it zines for preserving it when manufactured, and Nor stone, nor monumental cross, was necessary to cut several thousand trees to had made arrangements for the construction of Tell where his nameless ashes lie, obtain a passage through the impenetrable / barrels for the purpose of carrying it to the Who sighed for gold, and found it dross.
down to the temperature forty degrees, while, be true, and supposing that the effects of vofrom that to thirty-two degrees, which is its luntary emancipation would be the same as
A very curi- those of a revolution (which, however, I deny), Memory is the purveyor of reason, the power freezing point, it again dilates. which places those images before the mind upon
ous consequence of this pecularity is exhi- who are to be blamed for the present unprewhich the judgment is to be exercised, and which bited in the wells of the glaciers of Switzer- pared state of the slaves for freedom” but the treasures up the determinations that are once land and elsewhere, namely, that when once a planters themselves ? And if the slaves are to passed, as the rules of future actions, or grounds pool, or shallow well, on the ice commences, it wait for their freedom till this good work bas of subsequent conclusions.—DR. Jounson. goes on quickly deepening itself until it pene- been accomplished by their masters, their case
It is not in the roar of faction, which deafens the trates to the earth beneath. Supposing the is hopeless indeed. But, suppose the comear and sickens the heart, that the still voice of surface of the water originally to have nearly merce and agriculture of Hayti are now at the liberty is heard. She turns from the disgusting the temperature of the melting ice, or thirty- lowest ebb, does this alter the relation of right scene, and regards these struggles as the pangs two degrees, but to be afterwards' heated by and wrong? No.-The eternal principles of and convulsions in which she is doomed to expire. the air and sun, instead of the water being justice are not altered by climate or com-Robert Hall. Shakspeare was born with all the seeds of poetry: tained
at the surface, it becomes heavier the paired by any sanction given to injustice by
thereby dilated or specifically higher, and de- plexion—they cannot be diminished or imand may be compared to the stone in Pyrrhus's ring, which, as Pliny tells us, had the figure of more nearly it is heated to forty degrees, and law. Shall we, then, as men and as Chris Apollo and the nine muses in the veins of it
, pro- therefore sinks down to the bottom of the pit tians, continue this most flagitious enormity, duced by the spontaneous hand of nature, without or well; but there, by dissolving some of the this blackest violation of the laws of that God, any help from art.--Addisox.
ice, and being consequently cooled, it is again who has said, “ Thou shalt not steal”—“Thou The evils of anarchy and of despotism are two rendered lighter, and rises to be heated as be- shalt do no murder”-simply because it has extremes which are equally to be dreaded, and before, again to descend; and this circulation been recognised and sanctioned by human tween which no middle path can be found but that and digging cannot cease until the water has laws ?-and, doing this, dare we arrogate the of effectual reform.--ROBERT Hall.
bored its way quite through.—Dr. Arnott's name of a “ Christian nation," and presume, Rome was never more opulent than on the eve Elements of Physics, Vol. II.
forsooth, to boast that the “ laws of God are of departing liberty. Her vast wealth was a sediment that remained on the reflux of the tide.—Ib.
part and parcel of the laws of the land.” It To the Editor of the Tourist.
is impossible. It cannot be that, because our
fathers did wrong, we dare perpetuate so atroSir,-A little pamphlet has lately been cious an injustice. Let us, rather, act accordEFFECTS OF EXPANSION.
sent out, entitled, “ Facts relative to Colonial ing to the dictates of Christianity and common A cannon ball, when heated, cannot be Slavery and Free Negro Labour, addressed to sense, and adopt the wise sentiment of the made to enter an opening, through which, the Electors of the United Kingdom; by an Roman, saying, when cold, it passes readily. A glass stopper Elector of Finsbury.” At any other time than
"Fiat Justitia, Ruat Calum.” sticking fast in the neck of a bottle, may be the present, this rubbish would be unworthy of released by surrounding the neck with a cloth notice; but as it is calculated to mislead untaken out of warm water , or by iminersing the thinking people, who do not look beyond the BRITISH and FOREIGN TEMPERANCE
SOCIETY.-Six Individuals, desirous of promoting bottle in the water up to the neck: the bind- mere surface of things, you may think a few the important object of the above Society, and especially ing ring is thus heated and expanded sooner remarks upon it not unworthy of insertion in anxious to prevent the discontinuance of its Travelling than the stopper, and so becomes slack or loose the Tourist. The Letter commences with a
Agency, for want of early pecuniary support, are willing
to contribute 101. each to the Society's Fands, on condiPipes for conveying hot water, violent tirade against the “ Anti-Slavery So- tion that fourteen similar donations be procured, to prosteam, hot air, &c., if of considerable length, ciety," which, I doubt not, they can very well
duce 2001.; and a liberal Member of the Society engages
to add, from his own purse, one-fifth to any sum that can must have joinings that allow a degree of bear; and then gives a short history of the be collected for this Society, within the ensuing two shortening and lengthening, otherwise a change origin and rise of the West India Trade, and months. of temperature may destroy them. An incom- the traffic in human beings, to prove that the Hanbury, Treasurer to the Society;
Subscriptions will be gratefully received by Cornelias
Barnetts, Hoare, petent person undertook to warm a large ma- present West India proprietors did not origi- and Co., Bankers, Lombard-street; or by Drummonds ani nufactory, by steam, from one boiler. He nate the trade (if they had, they must be Co. Charing-cross.
The names of the persons who have offered each 10., laid a rigid main pipe along a passage, and men of a patriarchal age); but that it has may be seen by application to the Treasurer. opened lateral branches through holes into the from time to time been recognized and enseveral apartments, but on his first admitting couraged by the English government, and the steam, the expansion of the main pipe that, therefore, “ having purchased his la- FasTithes CURETATS COLGUS; COLDS, tore it away from all its branches. In an iron bourers of the people of England, the planter respectable testimonials daily received of the extraordi
WALTER'S ANISEED PILLS.--The numerons and railing, a gate which, during a cold day may cannot, with justice, be deprived of them, by nary efficacy of the above Pills, in curing the most dishe loose and easily shut or opened, in a warm England, without compensation.” To this tressing and long-established diseases of the pulmonary and day may stick, owing to there being greater specious statement I shall merely reply, that, them to the notice of those aflicted with the above comexpansion of it, and of the neighbouring by the spirit of the English law and constitu- plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now swood railing, than of the earth on which they are tion, stolen property never can become good the test of experience for several ycars cannot be too gene
raily known. They are composed entirely of balsamic placed. Thus also the centre of the arch of property ; and, without arguing the point, con- and vegetable ingredients, and are so speedy in their benean iron bridge is higher in warm than in cold tent myself with referring to the invaluable ficial effects, that in ordinary cases a few doses have beess weather: while, on the contrary, in a suspen- writings of Granville Sharpe. Our Finsbury neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor produce sion or chain bridge the centre is lowered. Elector asserts, that “could the negroes be got any of the unpleasant sensations so frequently complained The iron pillars now so much used to support to work at free labour, like the labouring many in the Proprietor's possession :-K. Boke, of Glubethe front walls of houses, of which the ground classes in England, the planters would gladly lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent cough, stories serve as shops with spacious windows, concede the point, and it would require no le attended witlo hoarseness, which rendered his speech inanin warm weather really lift up the wall which gislative enactment to force the emancipation Street
, Spitalfields, after taking a few dluses, was entirely rests upon them, and in cold weather allow it of the slaves.” This is mere assertion, and I cured' of a most inveterate cough, which he had had for again to sink, or subside, in a degree consider-might in reply simply contradict it. But this many months, and tried almost every thing without suc
cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Sharably greater than if the wall were brick from is a course only becoming one who is unable wood, No. 55, Bishopsgate Without, in boxes, at ls
. 1fel., top to bottom.
The ch of a piano-forte is to prove what he says. Mr. Burchell, the and three in one for 2s. 9d. , and by appointment, by Han lowered in a warm day, or in a warm room, Baptist Missionary, has declared in public
, chapel-road; Prout, No.220, Strand; Sharp, Cross-street, owing to the expansion of the strings being that just before the insurrection in Jamaica Islington; Pink, No. 65, High-street, Boroug! ; Allison, greater than the wooden frame-work; and in broke out, the slaves, on a plantation in St. No. 130, Brick-lane, Bethnal.zreen; Farrar, Upton-place, cold the reverse will happen. A harp, or James's parish, believing they were to be freed all the wholesale and retail Medicine Venders in the United piano, which is well tuned in a morning at Christmas, went in a body to the planter, to Kingdom.-N.B. In consequence of the increased demand drawing-room, cannot be perfectly in tune return the instruments of culture he had placed against Counterfeits--none can be genuine unless signed by
for this excellent Medicine, the Public are cautionel when the crowded evening party has heated in their hands and PROPOSED to CONTINUE 1. A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter the room. Bell-wires too, slack in summer, at their WORK if he would employ them as on the outside wrapper.-Be sure to ask for “ Walter's may be of the proper length in winter. There FREE LABOURERS. It is unnecessary to add, exists a most extraordinary exception, already that the master did not " gladly concede the mentioned, to the law of expansion by heat point.” The remainder of the pamphlet is a Printed by J. HADDON and Co., and Published and contraction by cold, producing unspeakable detailed description of the State of Hayti
, in- by J. CRISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster benefits in nature, namely, in the case of water. tended to show the injurious effects of negro Row, where all Advertisements and CommuniWater contracts according to the law only 'free labour. Now, admitting this account to cations for the Editor are to be addressed.