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treaties, his ardent appeals to the hearts NATIONAL GALLERY OF PHILANTHROPISTS.-No. I. and feelings of his auditors, his splendid
and Christian enthusiasm, met their reward-a Bill passed for the entire Abolition of the Slave Trade, being sanctioned by both Houses of Parliament.
His conduct as a public character was, laudably independent; he lent himself to no faction, but, on all occasions, spoke and voted to the honest dictates of his conscience. Some idea-an inadequate one. we confess-may be formed of this re, spected gentleman, by the outline of his form, which we have the pleasure to present this day to our readers. In person he is short, and in appearance by no means dignified; but as an orator, even in the last session of his career in Parliament, he was spirited, copious, and clear.
In private life he is beloved and honoured. He was united, in 1797, to a daughter of an opulent Birmingham merchant, named Spooner, by whom he has a large family. He has devoted a long life to the cause of humanity: neither sickness nor defeat could ever arrest his benevolent exertions—the object nearest his heart has been the moral improvement of mankind; every project that would conduce to so beneficial a purpose he has promoted; every abuse that would thwart
it, he has endeavoured to detect and exnor did he rest here, for he gave notice pose. In the course of his political life WILLIAM WILBERFORCE.
of a motion in the House of Commons, in he supported Catholic Emancipation and « Jamque opus exegi, quod nec Jovis ira, nec ignis, the session of 1787, on the subject of Parliamentary Reform, reprobated the Nec poterit ferrum, nec edax abolere vetustas."
slavery, and prevailed on Mr. Pitt to Lottery as injurious to public morals, This gentleman was born at Hull, in propose a Resolution, on the 9th of May insisted that the employment of boys of a the month of August, 1759, and received in that year, pledging the House in the tender age in the sweeping of chimnies his education at St. John's College, Cam- next session, to take the state of the was a most intolerable cruelty; and also, bridge, where he formed an acquaintance Slave Trade into its immediate considera- after the hostile meeting which took place with, and became warmly attached to, the tion. The tardiness of the House of between Tierney and Pitt, attempted, but celebrated William Pitt, with whom and Commons, constituted as it then was, pre-in vain, to procure a Legislative enactDr. Milner he made his first Continental vented the discussion of the subject until ment against duelling. By the present tour. At the general election in 1780, 1791, when he moved for leave to bring in Lord Chancellor Brougham he has been he was unanimously returned to Parlia- a Bill to prevent the further importation described as “the venerable patriarch of ment for his native place, but being of African Negroes into the British Colo- the cause of the slaves, whose days were shortly afterwards chosen for the county nies. This motion was lost by a majority to be numbered by acts of benevolence and of York, he made a selection of the latter, of 75. On the 2d April, in 1792, he piety; whose whole life-and le prayed and continued the representative of that again called the notice of Parliament to it might long be extended for the benefit populous county until 1812. From that the subject, and concluded a most beauti. of his fellow-creatures-had been devoted period up to the end of his Parliamentary ful and pathetic speech by declaring, to the highest interests of religion and career in 1825, he was chosen for Bram- that “in his exertions for the Negroes charity." ber. At the very outset of Clarkson's ( he had found happiness, though not suc- We cannot close this notice of our humane exertions to procure the abolition cess, which enlivened his waking, and Philanthropist without observing in the of slavery, he was urged and recom- soothed his evening hours ; that he carried language of Mr. Knibb. « Now that he mended to secure the co-operation of the topic with him to his repose, and often lis gathering his mantle around him, and Wilberforce. On their first interview the bad the bliss of remembering, that he had preparing for his entrance into eternity. words of the latter were, “ that the sub- demanded justice for millions who could let the attending angel, as he descends to ject had often employed his thoughts, and not ask it for themselves.” When a conver his ransomed spirit to the realms that it was nearest his heart; and that he motion for “gradual” abolition was carried, |
molition was carried, of felicity, whisper in the ears of the dewould not rest until he made proper in- | Mr. Wilberforce became rather more in- I parting saint, that "AFRICA IS FREE! quiries into it.” Mr. Wilberforce soon spired with the hope of final success, and after performed his promise, by joining a determined henceforward to redouble his Society which was formed to carry the exertions, and in 1807, during the brief benevolent object of Clarkson into effect ;| Administration of Fox, his earnest en
“ The best words of the best Authors."
brought to the office of the Anti-Slavery Vice is like a dark lanthorn, which turns its Ah Massa 1 he is a fool or knave,
| bright side only to him that bears it, but looks And his heart is steeled to me, Society by a respectable tradesman in
black and dismal in another's hand. Who says dat de poor afflicted slave Liverpool Street, Bishopsgate, under the | Arts that respect the mind were ever reputed Is happier dan de free. following circumstances:
nobler than those that serve the body.
There are four habits essentially necessary to But if he be not fool or knave,
the proper management of temporal concerns : If he speak de truth of me,
weeks previously by a Dutch gentleman, PUNCTUALITY, ACCURACY, STEADINESS, and DISThen let him come and be de slave, who purchased him as a slave at Batavia. | PATCH. And I will be de free. By this master he was treated as a SLAVE
The profession of the Law was instituted MUNGO.
merely for the furtherance of justice and the -fondled or flogged, according to the preservation of right.
Socrates said that temperance promoted the varying humour of his OWNER; that he THE WORM.
kpowledge of the soul, whetted the appetite, and had been many years a slave, but, finding
rendered men at once both excellent and happy. Turn, turn thy basty foot aside,
he was free in England, he wished to be | Eating, said he, without hunger, and drinking Nor crush that helpless worm; The frame thy wayward looks deride,
a slave no longer ; that his master was without thirst, sinks both the appetite and the Required a God to form.
understanding. The common Lord of all that move, going away in a day or two, and he feared
The revolutions caused by the progress of From whom thy being flowed,
would carry him back into slavery; and truth are always beneficial to society, and are A portion of his boundless love On that poor worm bestowed.
that therefore he wished to stay in Eng only burthensome to those who deceive and The sun, the moon, the stars, he made land, and work for his subsistence here
oppress it. To all his creatures free;
"I will admit," said Hogarth, “all the world And spread o'er earth the grassy blade as a free person.
to be competent judges of my pictures, except for worms as well as thee. Let them enjoy their little day, After à careful examination of the those who are of the profession."
Ray observes that an obscure and prolix Their lowly bliss receive;
circumstances of the case, the boy was Oh I do not lightly take away
author may not improperly be compared to a The life thou canst not give.
received under the protection of the cuttle-fish, since he may be said to hide himself Anti-Slavery Society; the livery which
under his own ink.
Whoever wishes, says Augustin, to be with he wore, and which he said belonged to
God, ought always to pray and often to read:
A Russian has published “A View of all the
Known Languages, and their dialects.” In this sistence provided for
book we find in all 937 Asiatic, 587 European, Next day it appeared from a report in
226 African, and 1264 American languages and
dia!ects, enumerated and classed. The Bible is the newspapers, that the master (Myn translated into 139 languages. heer Van Cunninghen) had applied to When we think of death, a thousand sios we the Lord Mayor for means to recover his
have trode as worms beneath our feet, rise up
against us like flaming serpents.-(Scott.) lost or runaway slave; stating that
The passions, like heavy bodies down steep the lad possessed extraordinary talents, hills, once in motion, move themselves, and spoke seven different languages, and was
know no ground but the bottom.-(Fuller.)
If thou wouldst have a good servant, let thy quite a treasure to him.
servant find a good master; be not angry with Upon seeing this statement, Mr. Pringle him too long, lest he think thee malicious;
waited upon the Lord Mayor and ex- nor too soon, lest he conceive thee rash ; nor ORIGIN OF THE SLAVE-TRADE. plained to him the actual state of the case;
too often, lest he count thee humourous.It will to some appear singular, that the
that the boy told a story respecting his It is the greatest of all sins, always to continue slave-trade should have originated in an
treatment altogether different from act of humanity; yet such was the
| in sin, for where the custom of sinning waxeth
greater, the conscience for sin grows the less: it Van Cunnighen's ; but that the compafact, and exhibits an instance of one of
is easier to quench a spark than a fire: I had the best and most humane men being
rative accuracy of the conflicting state rather break the cockatrice's egg than kill a ments of the master and the slave was
serpent. guilty of cruelty, when his mind was Lut a secondary point :--the boy having
He that hath a trade hath an estate ; and he under the influence of prejudice. Bar
econdary pom m e boy naming that hath a calling hath a place of profit and
sought protection from slavery, or from thelemi de las Casas, the Bishop of
honor. A ploughman on his legs is higher than Chiapa, in Peru, witnessing the dreadful
| being carried back into that condition. I a gentleman on his knees. cruelty of the Spaniards to the Indians,
that protection should be afforded him, if
the laws of England could afford it; and exerted all his eloquence to prevent it.
EDITOR'S BOX. that, finally, he, as Secretary of the AntiHe returned to Spain, and pleading the
“ Fiat justitia ruat cælum." Slavery Society, would be responsible cause of the Indians before the Em
for receiving him. peror, Charles the Vth, in person, sug
The Lord Mayor TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST.
merely replied that he understood M. | Sır: I beg to inform you that Two LECTURES gested that their place as labourers might Van Cunninghen had gone to the con
illustrative of the Character of Slavery in the be supplied by Negroes from Africa, who
British Colonies, and of the advantage, safety, Itinent, and that he did not see that he and practicability of its immediate Abolition, were then considered as beings under the
(the Lord Mayor) could interfere farther will be delivered at Ebenezer Chapel, Highproscription of their Maker, and fit only "y in the matter as it then stood.
street, Shoreditch, by Edward Baldwin, Esq., on for beasts of burthen. The Emperor,
Monday and Wednesday Evening next, the 17th overcome by his forcible representations,
West India Logic.-A Slave Owner in the
and 19:h, at half past six o'clock. made several regulations in favour of the
Perhaps you will make it a point to drop in. Liverpool Mercury of the 7th inst., attempts a
M. D. logical and scriptural proof that Slavery is conIndians; but it was not until the slavery sistent with Christianity, which is so conspicu. of the African Negroes was substituted, ously absurd as to merit a corner in our first | Printed and Published by J. CRISP, at No. 13, that the American Indians were freed
rumber. He says, infidels have in all ages been Wellington-street, Strand, where all Advertise
opposed to Slavery-infidels disbelieve the Bible ments and Communications for the Editor are from the cruelty of the Spaniards. - Ergo, Slavery is sanctioned by Scripture.
to be addressed.
Sketch Book of the Times.
“ I pencilled things I saw, and profited by things I heard.”—LETTER OF A WALKING GENTLEMAN.
This splendid edifice was built on the rising out of its fiery nest, with this word | The dimensions of this cathedral, comsite of the old cathedral, which was as an inscription.
| pared with that of St. Peter's, are, acburnt down in the great fire of 1666. During the whole time that the cathe- | cording to the Parentalia, as follow : The first stone of the new cathedral was dral was building, Sir Christopher, in
St: Paul's St. Peter's laid on the 21st of June, 1675, by order to preserve the new temple from
Length, within .... 500
Greatest breadth ... 223 4 42 Sir Christopher Wren himself, who lived profanation, affixed orders on various to see his son, then but a few months old, parts of the building, prohibiting the The great dome over the central area thirty-five years afterwards, deposit the workmen from swearing, on pain of dis- lis supported by eight stupendous piers, highest stone of the lantern on the cupola. missal.
four of the arches formed by which open During the early progress of the work, In 1693, the walls of the new choir | into the side aisles. The cathedral church an incident occurred, which, even in a were finished, and the scaffolding re- of Ely is said to be the only other one in less superstitious age, might have been moved ; and on the 2nd of December, this country in which the central area is considered a favourable omen, without 1697, it was opened for divine service, on thus pierced by the side aisles.. any charge of extraordinary credulity. occasion of the thanksgiving for the peace The choir is separated from the body Sir Christopher was marking out the di.
| of the church by handsome iron railings. mensions of the great cupola, when he was opened for divine service the 1st of Over the entrance to it is the organ galordered one of the workmen to bring him February, 1699.
lery, and an organ in it supposed to be a flat stone, to use as a station. A pieceIt is remarkable, that this mighty one of the finest in the kingdom. It was was brought : it was the fragment of a fabric was begun and finished by one ar | erected in 1694, by Bernard Schmydt, or tomb-stone, on which but one word of the chitect, Sir Christopher Wren ; one prin Smith, for 2,0001. inscription was left—that word was re- cipal mason, Mr. Strong; and during Few of the persons to whom monuSURGAM. Some authors suppose this one bishopric, that of Dr Ilenry Compton, ments are erected in the cathedral, have circumstance to have been the origin of bishop of London.
| been really buried there. Among the the emblem sculptured over the south The total expense of the building was number, the first who claims our notice portico, by Cibber, namely, a phenix 1736,7521, 2s. 38.
is the great architect of the building, Sir
Christopher Wren. Descending to the ORIGINAL PAPERS. humanity : far from it, they have kindled vaults by a broad flight of steps, you see
the most delicate sensibility in Sanson's beneath the south-east window, inscribed
JACK KETCI IN PARIS.
breast. You will hear him declaim with on a low tomb, the following simple epi(From the 5th vol. of the Livre des Cent et Un.)
the most fervid energy against the puThe most striking passage in this volume taph:
is *Here lies Sir Christopher Wren, Knight,
that which describes a visit to
nislıment of death, and dwell with ani
mation on the means of efficaciously subbuilder of this Cathedral Church of St. Paul, Monsieur de Paris, the executioner of the who died in the year of our Lord MDCCXXIII., French metropolis. Start not, reader ;
stituting some other penalty for it'; and and of his age XCI.”
you will see him, on the day of an executhe being has feelings and tastes, which On the wall above, there is an addiwould not shame the best among us..
tion, pallid and unnerved-refusing to tional inscription in Latin, with which “I was introduced,” says the narrator,
I partake of sustenance and lifeless, as if the public are more familiar, and which
he had exchanged stations with the “ into a small, low apartment, where I may be thus translated :
doomed man, and the doomed man were “Bencath lies Christopher Wren, the builder
descried a fellow mortal, apparently some
to enact the executioner. of this church, and of this city, who lived up
This is what wards of ninety years, not for himself, but for with candour and sweetness, playing the public good.
18 would not have credited myself, had I "Reader, would'st thou search out his monu
upon a piano, and extracting sounds from
not been witness to it with my own eyes. ment? Look around.
“He died 25th February, 1723, aged 91." was Monsieur himself. And in the He related a number of details con
After examining all that is to be seen same apartment, was his son, a young Inected with the last hours of some celein the lower part of the cathedral, you man of about 34, fair of countenance,
brated offenders. I will give you an ascend by a spacious circular staircase, to and of timid and gentle deportment; on anecdote, which is quite in its place in a gallery which encircles the lower part of his knees sat a little girl, some ten or these pages. About the year 1750, three the interior of the dome, and is called the twelve years of age, beautiful as a seraph, young men, of that high class of nobility “ Whispering Gallery,” from the circum- and with features as expressive and finely who held the monopoly of broken winstance, that the lowest whisper breathed wrought as eye could desire to look upon.dows, insults to passers by, and outrages against the wall in any part of this vast It was his daughter. The sight of her against guardians of the night, after a circle, may be accurately distinguished by unhinged the whole chain of my thoughts ; 1 jovial supper rambled down the Fauan attentive ear on the very opposite side. I could have wished that nothing so un-bourg St. Martin, laughing, gambolling, Branching off f-om the circular staircase earthly should have been discovered in and gossipping, between two and three in at this place, there are passages which such a spot as this; 'twas as the sun the morning, of such things as the tongue lead to other galleries and chambers piercing through a storm ; 'twas a rose, is given to sport with, when a man does over the side aisles. One conducts you raising its delicate form amidst the stony
not know what word shall tread on the to the “ Library” of the chapter, wbich is cheerlessness of a sepulchre. M. Sanson | heels of another, and has clean forgotten immediately over the consistory. The received me like a man who knows the
what thought last crossed the threshold floor of this apartment is a great curiosity, world; there was neither embarassment of his lips. They had made up their being entirely constructed of small pieces nor affectation in his manner; and he in-minds not to return home before the sun of oak, without either nail or peg, and quired the object of my visit. I had my was up, and not a house was open to redisposed into various geometrical figures excuse nearly cut and dried : and a con-ceive them. When they reached the with the utmost nicety. Above the chim- versation, which lasted a couple of hours,
Rue St. Nicholas, they heard the sound ney, there is a good half-length portrait enabled me to remark, how much correct
of music, which had something more of the Protestant bishop, Dr. Compton, ness of judgment and purity of views were
than commonly joyous and noisy about it. who bequeathed the whole of his books possessed by Monsieur de Paris. One
Think, what God-send! what a reto the library, which is not however, of thing struck me; he had often resorted
me. he had often resorted source for closing the night's vocation ! much value as a collection. Over the to his snuff-box without offering it to me. One of the party having knocked at the morning prayer chapel, at the opposite I was surprised, but could not account
door, a man came and opened it; he was end of the transept, is a room called the for this departure from the received cus
civil and plain in his address, and neatly “ Trophy Room,” from being hung round tom between priseurs. All on a sudden,
attired. The young nobleman, who had with various shields and banners used at and mechanically, without thinking of it,
knocked, briefly explained the motive of the ceremony of Lord Nelson's funeral. I and whilst absorbed in a discussion which their unseasonable visit. “I cannot adIn this room are kept the rejected model, I alienated my attention from what I was mit you, gentlemen;" the master of the according to which Sir Christopher Wren doing, I offered him a pinch. He raised
h "He raised house replied with frigid civility; “'tis a first proposed to erect this cathedral, and his hand in token of refusal, with an ex
family festival, and no stranger can be also the model of the altar piece, which pression of countenance which it is not allowed to join it.” “You are in the was left unexecuted. possible for me to describe ; his look
wrong: never perchance has better soIMAGINARY COLD.-The late Saville Carey, chilled me to the heart. Unhappy being! | ciety than ours graced your roof.” “I who imitated the whistling of the wind through the recollection of a past moment brought I must repeat it, gentlemen, I cannot allow a narrow chink, frequently practised. this decep.
the very blood to his fingers ! M. Sanson you to enter.” “Pshaw! pshaw! man ; tion in the corner of a coffee house, and he seldom failed to see some of the company rise to
delights in conversation; probably, be- you do not know whom you are refusing." examine the tightness of the windows, while cause he has read much and to great ad-“ Gentlemen,-gentlemen, I entreat of others, more intent on their newspapers, con
I vantage. He has an extensive and well you not to insist upon admittance !" tented themselves with putting on their hats and buttoning their coats.
seleated library, and it is evidently, in his “ And pray, sir, in the name of all goodThe following extraordinary instance of the case, no article of mere luxury. His ness, who may you be?” “I am Exedifferent effects of various vegetables, some of books, indeed, are the only company he
CUTIONER TO THE CITY OF PARIS !” them poisonous, upon different animals, are, mentioned by the Botanical Professor. 'in a keeps ; for, exiled as he is from inter- l“ Excellent! He! he! he! Really, is it recent lecture delivered at King's College. course with the living, he moves and has you who cut off heads, split members "Horses,” says Mr. Burnett, “will not touch his haine in the diambodied consta
his being in the disembodied society of assunder, make the bones cry out between cruciferous plants, but will feed on the reed grasses, amidst abundance of which goats have the illustrious great ; and can look upon two screws, and inflict most exquisite been known to starve: and these latter again them without a shudder: for it was not torment on poor devils !” “Aye! ave. will eat and grow fat on the water-hemlock, I
sir; I confess, that such are the duties I which is a rank poison to other cattle. In like
Id have imagined that the naam heir to, by virtue of my office : but I manner pigs will feed on henbane, while they are destroyed by common pepper: and the horse ture of his duties and the class of men make over petty details to my servants. which avoids the bland turnip will grow fat on
with whom they compel him to associate, It is only when some gentleman of rank
th whom they nama rhubard and take a drachm of arsenic daily
every spark of
I would have extinguished every spark of with advantage.",
for instance, a man of high birth like for insta
you, sir-has been unfortunate enough to VULGAR SUPERSTITIONS.
GRATITUDE. incur the frowns of justice, that I do not admit others to perform the office of
There is not a more pleasing exercise
Sailors are a most superstitious race, I of the mind, than gratitude. It is accompunishing him ; for, in such cases, I and have a secret dread of remarkable panied with so great inward satisfaction, deem it an honour to do execution with
sounds heard at sea. At the Land's End, I that the duty is sufficiently rewarded by my own hand."
it is not uncommon to hear a mysterious the performance. The party addressing the executioner sound off the coast previous to a storm, practice of many other virtues, difficult
It is not. like the was the Marquis de Lally. And, twenty
which fishermen are not willing to attriyears afterwards, this same Marquis de
and painful, but attended with so much bute to natural causes, but believe it to Lally died by the hands of the very indi
pleasure, that were there no positive come from the spirit of the deep. This vidual whose office had been the subject effect is obviously occasioned by the com- compense laid up for it hereafter, a gene
command which enjoined it, nor any reof his senseless merriment. ing storm whistling through the crevices
rous mind would indulge in it, for the of the rocks that stand in the sea, and
natural gratification which it affords. LABOUR IN ENGLAND. which skirt the Cornish coast; so much
If gratitude is due from man to man, do the people consider this as ominous of how much more from man to his Maker? The following plain rules are addressed shipwreck, that no one can be persuaded | The Supreme Being does not only confer to landowners and farmers, by the strict to venture out to sea while this warning upon us those bounties which proceed observance of which it has been found, I voice is heard. In the northern seas, our more immediately from his hand, but from long experience, that the labouring sailors are alarmed by a singular musical
even those benefits which are conveyed to poor may be rendered comfortable and effect, which is now well understood to
us by others. Every blessing we enjoy, comparatively independent, and the poor proceed from the whale inhaling his rates in almost all agricultural parishes / breath. Similar sounds, probably, may Loon us. is the gift of HIM who is the
| by what means soever it may be derived may be made nearly nominal. By the be uttered by other monsters of the deep, crent Author of good, and the Father of Rev. Joseph Wilson, Minister of Laxton, upon which the ancients fallaciously mercies. Northamptonshire.
founded their notions of sea nymphs and If gratitude, when exerted towards one 1.-COTTAGES AND LAND.
sirens. 1. To each cottage apportion, as near to it as
| another, naturally produces a very pleaspossible, one quarter or one-third of an acre of The peasantry may be classed with the
he sing sensation in the mind of a grateful land, at a moderate yearly rent, according to its
| man, it exalts the soul into rapture, when quality.
in witchcraft and supernatural agency ;) 2. Do not allow of more cottages than the ex
| it is employed on this great object of tent of the parish really requires.
yet such is the advance of knowledge in gratitude : on this beneficent Being, who 3. See that the cottages are kept in good re: the manufacturing districts, where science
nufacturing districts, where science has given us every thing we already pair, and preserved dry, and well white-washed is blended with ey
is blended with every operation and every possess, and from whom we expect every within. II.-LABOUR AND WAGES.
art, that these traits of ignorance no l thing we vet hope for 1. For really productive labour always give a longer exist. The idea that fairies dance Jabourer good and liberal wages, without any re- lin the meadows on warm summer nights ference to his being married or single.
AN IRISH GIANT. · 2. Whenever you can, set the labourers their to sweet music, no doubt has arisen from work by the task, or great.
the sound ascribed to the midnight dances MANY persons who saw Daniel in his 3. Never allow of rounds-men.
of the ephemera; but to see these green old age have described him to us; and it 4. Never permit any part of a man's wages to be paid out of the poor rate.
little figures flitting to and fro, is a stretch is plain he would have been, even to one 5. As the labourer should always receive good of imagination that can only result from of Homer's heroes, a formidable antagoand liberal wages for productive labour, so, on a state of fear and trepidation. Great nist. Though of course much fallen then, the other hand, when the labourer is employed on mere parish work, he should have hard work stress is laid by the country people upon he was still a huge skeleton, far above and short wages, and his work by the task or sounds heard in the night time, such as the ordinary size of these degenerate days. great.
the croaking of the raven, or the thrill- « His jaws,” said a gentleman to us, 6. See that the very aged, the sick, and the infirm, are kindly treated.
ing note of the screech owl. These are « resembled a horse's, and the children III.-RELIGION, MORALS, AND ECONOMY.
| always considered as bad omens, and a of Killarney used to break themselves in 1. See that the children of the labouring poor have a Christian education, in a well regulated
certain presage of disaster and death. buying apples for him to eat. It was the and conducted school.
The power of the imagination to repro- greatest delight to them to see the huge 2. Enforce by all proper means, a regular at. | duce sounds, when in a state between working of his jaws; and Daniel would tendance of all the people on public worship atslooning and waking is a fact that no one leneily javour a hasket full : the parish church.
sleeping and waking, is a fact that no one easily devour a basket full; so that he 3. Allow of no more public houses than are ab- can doubt. Who has not found himself had always a crowd of urchins after him solutely necessary.
suddenly aroused by a sound, or startled through the streets. But this never gave 4. Discourage in every proper way, all tippling
ige in every proper way, all tippling out of sleep by a well-known voice, when him any annoyance ; he was as simple as and drinking.
5. Discourage to the utmost degree all lewd. it is certain no sound has been uttered ? | any one of themselves. At a large patness and improvident marriages.
These effects, like our dreams, are excited tern once, he was attacked by the faction 6. Never force a marriage in order to prevent a child being born illegitimate; but put the law
| by causes extremely slight. By the of the Agars, and got a great beating, fully in force against the mother, by committal | lower order these sounds are considered but no man could knock him down; at to prison, if she make the child illegitimate as calls or warnings from invisible last he became completely roused; he ran chargeable to the parish. 7. Purchase fuel in summer, to be sold out to spirits.
to an old cabin, and laid about him with the labouring poor at a cheap rate in winter.
one of the rafters, until he cleared the 8. Patronize and promote clothing societies.
The Bank of England, though in reality a field. In short, he was a giant. You could 9. Endeavour to influence the poor to unite in
common joint-stock company, yet possesses the friendly societies, and to put whatever money
put a young child into his shoe ; and his management, at a commission, of the entire they can save in some saving bank. revenue of the British empire. Every shilling
voice was so deep and hollow that one 10. Administer the poor laws firmly and rigidly.
| of the receipts and expenditure of the excise, | would think it came out of the bowels of John Wesley thought he could increase his customs, post office, and naval and military the earth." utility by the practice of physic. He, accord-establishments of the country, passes through ingly, dispensed medicines gratuitously; and the Bank of England. The commission for the
Some of the workmen employed in digging the published a book of recipes, in which a daily management of the national debt amounts to
foundation of a house in Sun-street, Chichester, application of lunar caustic is prescribed for the sum of 260,0001. per annum, and the entire
discovered some ancient coin, of the reign of Confilms in the eyes; toasted cheese for a cut; profits of the Bank, derived from its exclusive quicksilver, ounce by ounce, to the amount of l enjoyment of the business of the revenue. is stantine, and what they considered more valuable, several pounds, for a twisting in the intestines: I believed to exceed the sum of a million per about 12 guineas were also found, of the date of a plaster of brimstone and eggshells, spread on annum, whilst the loss of its notes by fire and I 1782. A few persons, taking advantage of the brown paper, for consumption; and the cold other accidents by the public is known to cover men's ignorance, obtained them, in some cases, at bath for agues. 1 the expenses of the whole establishment.