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The above engraving does not, like many. It is only interesting as representing the have perused the work by which he has of our embellishments, recommend itself residence of one who must be known by immortalized himself. If, as we believe, to the notice of our readers, by the natural name to most of our readers, and who has it is the prerogative of genius alone, to or architectural beauties which it depicts. I ever been a great favourite with all who throw fascination and interest over a tri
vial subject, or a dry dletail, we need not doing, use him as though you loved him; | laughter.) Perhaps, some honourable gentle
| men, who were interested in such matters, wonder at the rank which Isaac Walton that is, harm him as little as you may
would get up in their places, and propose that enjoys in the estimation of posterity. His possibly, that he may live the longer."
one or two of these bridges should be built of work on angling has been the delight of This is perhaps as singular a case of iron! (Shouts of laughter.) For his part, if every“ brother of the angle," and of self-deception as the records of biography this passed, he would move for leave to bring every man of taste, since its first appear-exhibit. . Dr. Paley resembled Walton, in half a dozen more bills, for building bridges ance. The simplicity of its style, the ge- we believe, in this peculiarity of his cha- at Chelsea, and at Hammersmith, and at nuine love of nature which it displays, the racter, as well as in its simplicity, bene
Marble Hall Stairs, and at Brentford, and at purity and philanthropy of its sentiments, volence, and intimate sympathy with na
fifty other places besides." (Continued laugh
ter.) that true politeness, the result of a soundture. No writer presents us with more
Mr. Low declared it to be the opinion of the understanding and of an amiable sensi-joyous and eloquent descriptions of the
and of an amiable sensi- Joyous and eloquent descriptions of the “ worthy chief magistrate,” that, if any carts bility, beautifully exhibited in every page, gaiety and revels of inferior animals, than go over Putney bridge, the city of London was and heightened in effect, rather than ob- are contained in his Natural Theology ; | irretrievably ruined ! and added, that the river scured, by the somewhat quaint language and these he gives with a gout which we above London bridge would be totally destroyed of the age in which it was written. But should not readily imagine to consist with | as a navigation!
In the present day, it is not only highly the book is itself a portrait of its venerable the love of angling. Such, however, was
| amusing to read these denunciations of misery author; nay, it presents him to you alive the case. Little remains to be said of the
and ruin, but we are thereby reminded of the you walk with him, reflect with him, life of Walton. Few events worthy of be- | fallacy of human judgment and foresight. dwell with him on the peaceful beauties ing recorded can ever mark the history of Not only is there a bridge at Putney, but the of the landscape, and silently and gently any man, whose time was engrossed, and forebodings of Mr. Boscawen are almost all sink into the calm and amiable temper of whose desires were confined to the prose
realized, as relates to the erection of bridges, mind and heart which dictated this most cution of an amusement. He was born
although not so, as to their desolating effects
on the city of London. A bridge at Westinnocent of books. at Stafford in the month of August, 1593,
minster has been found to be a convenience Walton appears to have been well ac- died at Winchester on the 15th of Decem
another has been erected from Fleet-market quainted with the writings of Montaigne, ber, 1683, and was buried in the cathedral into the opposite fields (at Blackfriars); even whose essays were excellently translated there.
the “couple more" are really in existence, and by his friend Cotton. In many respects,
nearly in the sites pointed out-the Waterloo particularly in the artlessness of his cha
| and Southwark bridges; and, what is still MODERN IMPROVEMENTS AND
more remarkable, it has not only been “ proracter, our author resembles Montaigne, but he had less of whim and eccentricity.
• ANCIENT OPINIONS.
posed," but one of these (the Southwark bridge)
is actually built of iron !!! Sir Wm. Thomps Montaigne informs us of his good nature,
sun, had he lived to the present moment, might but the kindheartedness of honest Isaac While we are erecting suspension bridges
have sought in vain for the walls of London. oozes from him unconsciously from every over arms of the sea, and cutting tunnels under
Ludgate bar is demolished; the “ wall, gates. pore. Of the tenderness of his natural navigable rivers, it is worth while to take a
and boundaries, set by the wisdom of our auglance at the opinions of our forefathers, with disposition, it is impossible to doubt; and
cestors, which no inan could increase or éx., . regard to the spirit of improvement. This yet it is curious and almost ludicrous to seems to have begun to show itself in the last
tend," have disappeared. London is extended
on every side, so that the skirts of the city are note how the love of his art, and the half of the seventeenth century; for we see,
not to be distinguished, by a stranger, from force of habit, occasionally hoodwink his from “Grey's Debates," that on April 4th, 1671,
Westminster. humanity. He expressa indignation the second reading of a bill was moved, “ for
The conclusion of this remarkable debate is building a bridge over the river Thames, at against every other form of cruelty; and,
not less deserving of notice. Sir Henry HerPutney;" and it is from the opinions delivered censuring those who even fish at improper during the debate, that we are enabled to draw
bert, just before the house divided, said, “ I seasons, he observes :
honestly confess myself an enemy to. monopoconclusions very favourable to the progress of “ But the poor fish have enemies enough knowledge. Upon that occasion, Sir William
lies; I am equally opposed to mad, visionary beside such unnatural fishermen, as, name | Thompson observed,
projects; and I may be permitted to say, thai,
in the late king's reign, several of these ly, the otters that I spake of, the cormo
"Mr. Speaker,-Londou is circumscribed,
thoughtless inventions were thrust upon the rant, the bittern, the ospray, the sea-gull, I mean the city of London ; there are walls,
house, but most properly rejected. If a man, gates, and boundaries, the which no man can the hern, the king-fisher, the gosara, the
Sir, were to come to the bar of the house, and increase or extend: those limits were set by puet, the swan, goose, ducks, and the cra
| tell us that he proposed to convey us regularly the wisdom of our ancestors, and God forbid ber, which some call the water-rat: against they should be altered. But, Sir, though these
to Edinburgh, in coaches, in seven days, and all of which, any honest man may make landmarks can never be removed
bring us back in seven days more, should we
say never, not vote him to Bedlam ? Surely we should, a just quarrel; but I will not, I will leave for I have no hesitation in stating, that, when for I have no hesitation in stating, that, when
if and killed by the walls of London shall no longer be visible, L he would sail to the Indies in six months.
if we did him justice; or, if another told us others: for I am not of a cruel nature i and Ludgate is demolished, England itself will
rull | should we not punish him for practising upon
be as nothing-though, Sir, these landmarks love to kill nothing but fish."
PKS our credulity ? Assuredly, if we served him are immovable, indelible, indestructible, exAnd his mode of preparing a live bait
cept with the constitution of the country, yet still more strikingly illustrates our ob- it is in the power of speculative theorists to servations:delude the minds of the people with visionary
Luther's UNDAUNTEDNESS. “ Put your hook into his mouth, which projects of increasing the skirts of the city, so
Luther, when making his way into the presence you may easily do from the middle of That it may even join Westminster! * * * * of Cardinal Cajetan, who had summoned bim to
| answer for his heretical opinions at Augsburgh, April till August, and then the froy's mouth.
7 was asked by one of the cardinal's minions where vantage derivable from a bridge at Putney, grows up, and he continues so for at least
they, he should find a shelter if his patron, the elector
perhaps some gentlemen would find out that a six months without eating, but is sustained, bridge at Westminster would be a convenience. shield of heaven!” was the reply. The silenced
| of Saxony, should dezert hiin?“ Under the none but He whose name is wonderful Then other honourable gents. might dream minion turned round and went his way. knows how : I say, put your hook, I mean that a bridge from the end of Fleet-market into the arming wire, through his mouth, and the fields on the opposite side of the water
ETHELWOLD, BISHOP OF WINCHESTER. out at his gills, and then, with a nne needle but at last it might be proposed to arch over | sold all the rich vessels and orpaments of the
Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester, in a famine, and silk, sow the upper part of his leg, the river altogether, and build a couple more I church, to relieve the poor with bread, and said, with only one stitch, to the arming wire of bridges, one from the palace at Somerset-house, “ There was no reason that the dead temples of your hook ; or tie the frog's leg above the into the Surrey marshes, and another from the God should be sumptuously furnished, and the upper joint to the armed wire; and, in so front of Guildhall into Southwark. (Great living temples suffer penury."
THE PASHA OF EGYPT. try, for the instruction of all orders of his 1 THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMAN
people, in reading, writing, and arithmetic;
he has sent, at great expense to himself, young The following account of this extraor
CIPATION. dinary man is taken from an address of men, both of the higher and lower ranks of | Some of the friends of Negro Emancipation Sir A. Johnston to the Royal Asiatic So society, to England and France, for the purpose are apprehensive of evil consequences from its ciety :-" The Pasha of Egypt, one of our
of acquiring useful knowledge, the former in | immediately taking place. This is much to be honorary members, a chief of a clear and vi- those branches of science and literature which regretted, as it serves to weaken a righteous gorous mind, observing the advantage Euro- |
are connected with their service in the army, cause. We purpose, in a future number, to pean states have derived from a similar policy,
the navy, and the higher departments of go treat somewhat at large on this point, and are has publicly encouraged the introduction into vernment; the latter in those mechanical arts, confident we shall be able to show the utter Egypt of all those arts and sciences which are which are more immediately connected with fallacy of the fears which are entertained. calculated to improve the understanding of the their employment as artisans and manufac- | For the present we must content ourselves with people, to mitigate the effects of their religious turers; he has constituted a public assembly | letting our readers kuow the opinion which is feelings, and to secure the stability of the local at Cairo, consisting of a considerable number entertained by some intelligent observers, regovernment; he has assimilated his army and of well-informed persons, who hold regular sident in Jamaica. The following passage is his navy to those of Europe, and subjected them sittings for forty days in each year; and pub- extracted from the Christian Record, for May to European regulations and to European dis- licly discuss, for his information, the interest | last. This publication is conducted by churchcipline; he has formed corps of artillery and and wants of his different provinces; he pa- men, and is every way entitled to public conengineers upon European principles; he has tronises the publication of a weekly newspaper fidence. Coming from such a quarter, we attached regular bands of military music to in Arabic and Turkish, for the instruction of
in Arabic and Turkish, for the instruction of hope the sentiments expressed in this editorial each of his regiments, with European in his people ; and, finally, he protects all Chris- | paper will have their proper influence. structors, who teach the Arab musicians, ac- tian merchants who are settled in his country,
"We would therefore have every Christian cording to the European notes of music, to not only in time of peace, but also in time of
proprietor to examine the question closely, and play upon European instruments the popular war, and afforded the European merchants
consider whether that which his conduct assists marches and airs of England, France, and who were settled at Alexandria and Cairo, a | in perpetuating is, under any modification whatGermany; a short distance from Cairo he has memorable instance of his determination to ever, what his Heavenly Master would have him established a permanent military hospital, and adhere under all circumstances to this policy, / to perpetrate. If it be not contrary to his will, placed it under European surgeons, and the by informing them, as soon as he had received | the Christian will be comforted by the examinasame rules as prevail in the best regulated hosintelligence of the battle of Navarino, that
tion which satisfies him of this clearly ; if it be pitals in Europe; and he has formed a school their persons and their property should con
contrary, and he is convinced of this, will he not
rejoice that he has made the examination, and of medicine and anatomy, in which not only tomy in which not only tinue as secure as if no such event had oc
| discovered in time the necessity of an altered conbotany, mineralogy, and chemistry are taughi, curred. I have dwelt at some length upon
duct ?-of doing every thing in his power, and, but human bodies are publicly dissected by
this subject, because I have felt it to be my
1. be, my with a fixed purpose, to bring it to an end ? For students who profess the Mahomedan religion, duty, in consequence of the information which
our own parts we beg to avow distinctly our beand who are publicly rewarded, in the heart of I have received as Chairman of the Com
lief that keeping men in slavery is directly opa great Mahomedan population, according to mittee of Correspondence, to give publicity in |
posed to the spirit of the gospel, and that were all the skill and the knowledge which they dis this country to those measures, by which one slave-holders to become Christians indeed, the play in their different dissections. At Alex of the most distinguished of our honorary state of slavery would not exist a single moment. andria he has established a naval school, in members has restored
members has restored to
to Egypt, in
their which the Mahomedan students are instructed highest state of perfection, all the arts and still continue, any thing but Christians. We in the several branches of geometry, trigono-sciences of Europe; has emulated, as a patron
think ourselves, therefore, compelled, in our de
sire to have it abolished, as a crime against God metry, mechanics, and astronomy, connected of knowledge, the conduct of the most en
and our fellow-creatures, to have regard to those with naval architecture and the science of na- | lightened of the Caliphs of Bagdad; and has
measures of precaution and expediency which may vigation, and a dock-vard, under the control afforded, as a Mahomedan, a bright example, and superintendance of a European naval ar
be necessary to guard against the evils that would for their imitation, to all the Mahomedan so
arise from any hasty and undigested measure of chitect distinguished for his talents and his vereigns in Europe, Africa, and Asia.”
emancipation, through the opposition of unchrisskill, in which, besides frigates and other ves
tian men, and the working of the general deprasels of smaller dimensions, four ships of the
vity of man--a depravity as strong no doubt in the line, three carrying 110 guns upon two decks, | Extract from a Letter to Mr. Wilberforce, in
bosom of a slave, as in that of the being who conand one of 130 guns, have been recently built;
1787, by Dr. Currie.
siders him as but one of the live stock of his he has opened the old port, which was formerly
estate. But at the same time, we would record shut against them, to all Christian vessels. “Very frequently, indeed, it is asserted,
our deliberate belief, founded upon no slighe acHe has encouraged the formation of regular that the condition of the negroes in the West
quaintance with, or short experience of, the present
race of negroes in this island, that the measure of insurance offices, and authorised Christian Indies is happier and better than in their own
emancipation (which ALL AGREE must one day be merchants to acquire a property in lands, country; and, therefore, that those transported to passed), accompanied by a judicious, and in its houses, and gardens. He has employed an our sugar colonies can really sustain no injury. details well defined, enactment, for the alteration English civil engineer of great eminence, on a Whence, then, I have asked, arises the waste and governmeut of the newly freed labourers, and very liberal salary, to improve all the canals of life in the West Indies, which occasions with the establishment of an effective police, in the country and the course of the Nile: he the necessity of so large a supply to keep up might this day take effect with perfect safety to is about to construct carriage-roads from Alex- the numbers there; and whence the increase
all classes of the community, and without one of andria to Cairo, and from Alexandria to Ro- of life in Africa, which affords this supply
those evils following, which are made the bugzetta and Damietta : and M. Abro, the cousin without their numbers being diminished ?
bears to frighten from the measure the Christian of his minister, is about to establish upon them Ten millions of negroes have been carried across
advocates of truth and justice. Nay more-if the public stage-coaches, built on a model of one the ocean to support a population which, it is
negroes are not now tit for such a boon, we be
lieve they never will be. We desire, therefore, sent to him by a coachmaker from this coun- said, at present does not amount to more than
to see Christian Proprietors, not seeking how to try; he has introduced steam-boats, which 800,000 souls. Ten families planted in those reconcile themselves to their possession of their
the Nile, and steam-engines, islands 300 years ago, when the slave-trade | fellow-men, but how they may immediately and which are used for cleansing and deepening the commenced, under the auspices of freedom consistently abandon it. Again we say, the quesbed of that river, and for various other public and of nature, with the advantages of a fertile tion presses-it must be decided soon. We must works; he has patronised the employment, by soil, and a climate congenial to their constitu- either go back at once, if we can, to the state of Mr. Briggs, of two Englishmen, taken for the tions, might by this time have produced a slavery in which we were thriving a hundred years purpose from this country, in boring for water greater number. Who can doubt it? Within ago, -or at once meet the spirit of the times, and in different parts of the desert, and he has dis- half this time, a handful of Englishmen have
change our unwilling slaves into willing, because covered, through their operations, some very spread themselves over an immense continent
properly recompensed, free labourers—or fearful fine water in the desert between Cairo and -have converted a wilderness into a fertile
indeed will be the consequent ruin and destitution Suez; he has encouraged the growth of cotton, country-have given battle to the most power
to all the present proprietors—the very least of
| them. We say now is the time to make the change indigo, and opium, and the former of these ful people of Europe; and through a sea of
-only fix this, and men will be astonished at the productions is now a great article of trade be- toils and troubles, have arisen to the rank of easiness and safety with which it will be effected. tween Egypt and England, France, and Ger- thirteen independent states. The English were | May the spirit of wisdom and of a sound mind be many; he has established schools in the coun-free men : the unhappy Africans were slaves." | in all our councils !”
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. its constant and accelerated progress, | set on foot, for the improvement of the lower The suggestion of S. H. will be acted upon. | when we find, among its most zealous classes, and especially the children of the poor, We thankfully acknowledge the contributions of promoters, men upon whom it has most
in moral and religious knowledge, froin which R. C. They will all be inserted without delay.
we hope much good will accrue, not only to profusely showered its advantages, and We are sorry that we cannot insert the verses of
the parties concerned, but to the kingdom at " Marian."
who combine the influence of rank with large. These are the likeliest, or rather the We shall be happy to hear again from T. P. R. the authority of office.
only expedients that can be adopted, for form· But while we entertain the highest hopes ing; a sound and virtuous populace; and, if
from the operation of these forces, which there be any truth in the figure by which soTHE TOURIST. may be said to constitute the primum
ciety is compared to a pyramid, it is on them | mobile of the great process, we may ad
its stability chiefly depends: the elaborate or
nament at the op will be a wretched comvert with equal pleasure to the excellent MONDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1832.
pensation for the want of solidity in the lower order and adaptation of the mechanism
mechanism parts of the structure. These are not the times
by which it is carried forward. We refer in which it is safe for a nation to repose on the MR. BURKE somewhere expresses an opi- particularly to the abundanceof cheap pub- lap of ignorance. If there ever were a season, nion, that it is better that the minds of lications, the rise and currency of which we | when public tranquillity was ensured by the men should be occupied with information Ideem ofsufficient consequence to be ranked | absence of knowledge, that season is past.
The convulsed state of the world will not perever so trivial and useless, so that it be among the most important characteristics
mit unthinking stupidity to sleep, without not erroneous and prejudicial, than that of the present age. In some of them the
being appalled by phantoms, and shaken by they should be destitute of information of most useful knowledge is contained, sim- terrors, to which reason, which defines her oball kinds. Nor does the great name of plified to the level of every degree of in-jects and limits her apprehensions by the Mr. Burke, with all the knowledge of hu- telligence, and rendered accessible and reality of things, is a stranger. Every thing man nature and of politics with which it attractive to all by their cheapness and in the condition of mankind announces the will ever stand associated, yield by any elegance. We confidently anticipate the approach of some great crisis, for which nomeans the most powerful sanction to this most beneficial results from this source,
thing can prepare us but the diffusion of know
ledge, probity, and the fear of the Lord. opinion. It is perpetually reiterated and and we trust that The Tourist will not
While the world is impelled, with such vioconfirmed to us by the concurrent voice contribute least to justify such expecta lence, in opposite directions; while a spirit of and experience of those, among whom, tions.
giddiness and revolt is shed upon the nations, during later times, the advantages of ex We cannot close these remarks more and the seeds of mutation are so thickly sowo, tended knowledge and intellectual cul- suitably than by adopting the eloquent
the improvement of the mass of the people ture have been enjoyed. It has at length language of one of the greatest writers
will be our grand security, in the neglect of
which the politeness, the refinement, and the become a problem, how any persons pos our literature can boast, in confirmation
knowledge accumulated in the higher orders, sessing the benefits of an ordinary educa-l of these opinions.
weak and unprotected, will be exposed to imtion could delude themselves with the
eives, with the “We congratulate the nation, on the ex- minent danger, and perish like a garland in
“We congratu notion, that the same causes which pro- tent of the efforts employed, and the means | the grasp of popular fury.” duced innocent gratification to them should involve the elements of anarchy and mischief to others. For, what, let us inquire, have they first to establish, before they can give any weight or plausibility to their opinion? They must prove, that men will be the more likely to disobey, the more thoroughly they know and appreciate the cogent reasons which enforce obedience : that they will be the more engrossed by sensual pleasures, in proportion as they have access to such as are of a higher and an opposite character : in contradiction to the experience of all mankind, they must show that we are inflated with vanity, in proportion to our intellectual acquirements; and disposed to fraudulent self-aggrandizement by learning, from the historian and the moralist, that “true self-love and social are the same.” In short, they must make an admission, at once the most humiliating
NETLEY ABBEY. and impolitic that can well be imagined; namely, that the grounds of truth and of These are the ruins of one of the most themselves to be unduly engrossed by duty in religion, morals, and politics, are beautiful nionastic edifices which we owe literature, as their library at the time of so weak and questionable as to render it to the piety, or the superstition of our the dissolution, under Henry the Eighth, necessary to forbid all examination of forefathers. Its situation is most ro- consisted but of one book. them.
mantic, and, at the same time, exceed- After this time, Netley Abbey passed We trust, however, that these remarks ingly appropriate to the purposes of its into the hands of various possessors, and are but little called for by the present state establishment. It was founded by Henry among others of Sir Bartlett Lucy in the of society. We are persuaded, that if the Third, and peopled by a colony of year 1700, who sold it to a carpenter of there be a party who uphold the opposite Cistertian monks from Beaulieu Abbey, Southampton. The latter intended to pull opinion, that party is daily on the wåne. which lay a few miles off. What time it down, for the sake of the materials; and We joyfully hail those indications which this holy fraternity spent in their devo- we are told that we owe the preservation distinguish the present as the golden age tions, we are not informed; but we may of the ruins from this Gothic attack to the of education. We cannot but anticipate fairly conjecture that they did not suffer following occurrence, the account of which we take from Browne Willis, who gives full credence to the legend. “ During the time,” says he,“ this man was in treaty with Sir Bartlett, he was greatly disturbed by frightful dreams, and, as some say, apparitions : particularly by that of a monk, who threatened him with great mischief, if he persisted in his purpose (of pulling down the edifice). One night, in particular, he dreamed a large stone from one of the windows fell upon him and killed him. This so terrified him, that he communicated these disturbances to a particular friend, who advised him to desist : but avarice, and the contrary advice of other friends, getting the better of his fears, he concluded the bargain ; when attempting to take out some stones from the bottom of the west wall, the whole body of a window fell down upon him, and crushed him to death."
THE TWILIGHT HOUR.
Sweet hour! the latest, loveliest,
Of all that 'tend upon the sun ;
I would the wintry months were gone,
The crimson clouds into a veil
Of earth — to watch the crescent pale
Of flocks returning to the fold;
A tale of memory to the old,
His notes, the slow owl skirt the plain,
All motives to a dreary train
Though darkness soon dispels the charm,
Sweet twilight !—mirror'd in the calm
And the impassion'd vesper-chaunt;
Where the guitar, and some romaunt,
This was one of the most celebrated cities; while the heads of cattle beneath deities of ancient mythology. She was signify that her care extended to the worshipped with the same distinctive at- country also. The breastplate or necktributes, in various countries, and under lace, adorned with the signs of the zodiac, various names. She is supposed to have was intended to show that this superinbeen originally the Isis of the Egyptians, tendance was exercised through all the and to have been introduced into Greece seasons of the year. There seems good under the name of Diana at the same time reason to believe that when the Romans with Osiris, under that of Apollo. This invaded this country the worship of this figure is remarkable as representing one great goddess was introduced among our of the false deities mentioned in the Scrip ignorant ancestors. In the year 1602 an tures, “ Diana of the Ephesians,” her l image was dug out of the ground in Monmost splendid temple being at Ephesus. mouthshire, which, by the form, dress, It was built by the united contributions and inscription, appears to be the figure of many of the Grecian states and princes, of the Ephesian idol. We are also inand was so magnificent as to be esteemed formed by an ancient manuscript in the one of the wonders of the world. The Cotton Library, that in the time of the figure itself was probably intended to set heptarchy, Ethelbert, King of Kent, built forth the extensive blessings of Provi- a church in London, to the honour of St. dence, as bestowed on all classes of Paul, upon the spot where formerly stood created beings. It is drawn as many- a temple of Diana; and a variety of relics breasted, to denote that the goddess pos- have been dug up, at different times, near sessed abundant fountains of nourish- the site of St. Paul's, which strongly conment. The turrets, crowning her head, firm this account. show her peculiar guardianship over
There, too, the fire-flies hold their dance,
And the cigali's jocund song
The silver olive trees among;
Once more, sweet hour, to walk with thee;
In climes that zone the midland sea, With fancy and with thee to roam
Among th' accustom'd scenes of home. Felix Farley's Bristol Journal.