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Thy chains are broken, thou art free at last !

Ah! is it true, and does no doubt remain ?
Is there no grief in store this bliss to blast,

Is this no prelude to an age of pain ?
Slave, thou art free! has freedom come too late ;

The words seem meaningless-no joy is there;
Each victim is resigned to meet his fate,

Each eye is upward cast in mute despair. Slave thou art free! there's no treachery here,

Blest Liberty! a Briton's boast is thine; Wipe from thy sable cheek the rolling tear,

And let thine eye in undimmed radiance shine. Free I like an electric shock conviction cameTruth, white-robed Truth, has won their hearts

at last:
Farewell to blood, to agony, to shame,

The bitterness of separation's past.
Free! what a flash from those black eyes was there,
What rows of pearl does that wild laugh un-

“ Free, we are free !" can human nature bear

This burst of joy, nor sink awhile beneath ? Madly they rush into each other's arms,

Each babe is to its mother's bosom pressed, No more the driver's whip creates alarms,

Britain has put each horrid fear to rest. Dear Liberty ! how beautiful thou art,

How sweet thy reign will in Jamaica be; How will the shout arise from every heart,

Her chains are broken, Africa is free!

THE MAN OF INTEGRITY. conscientious man of business, the pious

worshipper, the public-spirited citizen. He It will not take much time to delineate the

assumes no borrowed appearance. He seeks character of the man of integrity, as by its

no mask to cover him ; for he acts no stupid nature it is a plain one, and easily under part ; but he is indeed what he apppears stood. He is one, who makes it his constant

to be, full of truth, candour, and humanity. rule to follow the road duty, according as the In all his pursuits, he knows no path, but word of God, and the voice of his conscience,

the fair and direct one ; and would much point it out to him. He is not guided

rather fail of success, than attain it by remerely by affections, which may sometimes

proachful means. He never shows us a smilgive the colour of virtue to a loose and un

ing countenance, while he meditates evil stable character. The upright manis guided

against us in his heart. He never praises by a fixed principle of mind, which deter

us among our friends, and then joins in mines him to esteem nothing but what is

traducing us among our enemies. We shall honourable, and to abhor whatever is base or

never find one part of his character at variunworthy, in moral conduct. Hence we ance with another. In his manners, he is find him ever the same ; at all times, the

simple and unaffected; in all his proceedtrusty friend, the affectionate relation, the | ings, open and consistent.



I will to-morrow, that I will,

I will be sure to do it;
To-morrow comes, to-morrow goes,

And still thou art to do it.
Thus still repentance is deferred,

From one day to another : Until the day of death is come.

And judgment is the other.


The man that dares traduce, because he can
With safety to himself, is not a man.
The world was sad ! the garden was a wild,
The man, thc hermit, sigh'd-till woman smiled.

FREAKS OF ROYALTY.- James I, in a capricious mood, threatened the Lord Mayor with removing the seat of royalty, the meetings of parliament, &c. from the capital. “Your Majesty at least,” replied the Mayor, “ will be graciously pleased to leave us the River Thames."

THE ELEPHANT'S BRAIN.—The brain of the elephant is remarkably small, not more than one twenty third part of the human subject in proportion to the weight of both.

MILK.-In consequence of the increased use of coffee, the quantity of milk consumed in Paris is twice as much as as it was eighteen or twenty years ago. HARD HIT.-Two country attornies overtaking a

CAMBERWELL GROVE. waggoner on the road, and thinking to be witty upon him asked, “Why his fore horse was so fat, and the rest so lean? The waggoner knowing them, The parish in which Camberwell Grove is the Surrey Canal, under the authority of the answered, That his fore-horse was a lawyer, and situated is the east half hundred of Brixton. | Commissioners for Building New Churches ; the rest were his clients." REA DING, WRITING, AND SPEAKING.-Habits of

The ancient part of the village is the green, living, a curacy, subordinate to the vicar of literar y conversation, and still more, habits of ex. and its vicinity ; but the more pleasant and Camberwell. Here are also several places of tempo re discussion in a popular assembly, are pe- / favourite spot is Camberwell Grove, which worship for Dissenters, and a Free Grammar culiar y useful in giving us a ready and practical command of our knowledge. There is much good

commands very beautiful and extended pro School. Much pains has been taken to do sense in the following aphorism of Bacon : "Read spects, both of the metropolis and the country away with the annual fair, held on the Green, ing makes a full man, writing a correct man, and beyond it, and over the counties of Surrey which some of the inhabitants deem a nui. speaking a ready man." * Business.-A gentleman in the country lately ad.

and Kent. The living is a vicarage in the sance, but being at once a manorial right and dressed a passionate billet-dour to a lady in the same

source of emolument, it still remains. There town, adding this curious postcript"Please to

chester; charged in K. B. 201.; patron is a spring of water on the site of the former send a speedy answer, as I have somebody else in my

I (1829) Sir T. Smith, Bart. The church, houses and grounds of Dr. Letsom, on Grove "The TRUTH.—A Yorkshireman and Leicestershire dedicated to St. Giles, is a very antique stone Hill, near which a youth is said to have murman contending for the superior fertility of their re

structure, the body of which is large, and dered his uncle, a catastrophe dramatised by spective counties, the Leicestershireman declared, that he could turn a horse into a field new-mown,

surmounted with a square tower and neat Lillo, in the well-known play of “ George and the next morning the grass would be grown turret. Here has long been a proprietary | Barnwell.” A part of the western side of above his hoofs. “Pho! that's nothing,” cried the chapel of ease, and recently a handsome new Camberwell is within the Dean's liberty of Yorkshireman, “ you may turn a horse into a field.|| in Yorkshire, and not be able to find him next morn

district church has been built, after the Lambeth. | model of one at Rome, on the south bank of




| are driven out to their work every morning, by the lash of the whip, and chained together. Some idea of it may be obtained from the cut in the third page of our third number. We will confine ourselves at present to a short view of the interior of a workhouse in Jamaica. We have the following description of a flogging in one of these places, given by the Christian Record, a periodical published in Jamaica, by some philanthropic individuals, who well deserve the support of the friends of the Slaves.

"A female, apparently about twenty-two years of age, was then laid down, with ber face downwards; her wrists were secured by cords run into nooses; her ancles were brought to. gether, and placed in another noose; the cord composing this last one passed through a block, connected with a post. The cord was tightened, and the young woman was thus stretched to the utmost length. A female then advanced, and raised her clothes towards her head, leaving the person inde.

cently exposed. The boatswain of the work: WINDSOR CASTLE.

honse, a tall athletic man, flourished his whip This princely palace of the kings of Eng- he caused the old buildings to be pulled

four or times round his head, and proceeded

with the punishment. The instrument of puland is situated twenty-two miles west of down, and a magnificent palace to be erected nishment was a cat formed of knotted cords. London, on the verdant banks of the on its site, under the direction of the cele

The blood sprang from the wounds it indicted. Thames, which from its serpentine course brated William of Wickham, and he re-esta

The poor creature shrieked in agony, and exin this part of it, was in King Edward the blished the princely order of the Garter.

claimed, I don't deserve this!' She became Confessor's charter termed “Windleshora,” The castle is divided into two courts,

hysterical, and continued so until the punish(the winding shore) hence in time it was the upper and the lower. separated from

ment was completed. Four other delinquents called Windsor. The magnificent castle is

were successively treated in the same way. One each other by the Round Tower, in which was a woman about thirty-six years of age, situated upon a hill, which commands a resides the governor. On the north of the another a girl of fiftren, another a boy of the delightful prospect over the adjacent coun upper court are situated the state apartments; 1 same age; and, lastly, an old woman about try.

and on the south various apartments belong. | sixty, who really apprared scarcely to have It was first built by William the Conque

ing to officers of state. The lower court is strength to express her agonies by cries! The ror, soon after his being seated on the throne | chifly remarkable as containing that beautiful

boy of fifteen was the son of the woman of of this kingdom ; it was subsequently re structure St. George's Chapel.

thirty-six! She was indecently exposed, and paired and beautified by his son Henry I. Around the noble castle is a magnificent

cruelly Hogged, in the presence of her son ! who also surrounded the whole with a strong and truly royal park, well stocked with exposed, and made to writhe under the lash!

and then had the allditional pain to see him also wall. Henry I. held a parliament here in timber and deer. The near vicinity of the It is to be observed, to coinplete the hideous 1170, and King John, Henry III., Ed. | Thames adds much to the scenery of l but faithful picture of the system of Save ward I., II., and III., successively resided | Windsor and its neighbourhood : various re- / government, presented to us by the narraune within its walls. The last prince was born gattas, rowing matches, &c. are annually

of this transaction, that these unfortunates rehere, and had such affection for the spot, that held on it.

ceived this punishment for an offence wbich
their owner, it was strongly suspected, bad
compelled them to commit, and that, too,
under the terror of the lash; a circumstavce
accounting for the cry I don't deserve thijs!'
Painful and inelancholy as is the above detail,
we koow it to be but too faithful a picture
of what is transacted, from week lo week,
by order of the Magistrates, within those abodes
of human misery and degradation—the work-
houses of our island."
i (From the Watchman, Feb. 5, 1831.)
! “ST. ANDREW's VestRY.—Mr. Fox said, the
system to which he alluded was still continued
in the workhouse. He alluded to the systein
of stretching the Negroes by a block and tackle,
when they were about to be flogged. He bail
pledged liimself, as a Magistrate, to bring the
matter before the Coininissioners, with a view

to its abolition, for it was a cruelty which ought INTERIOR OF A WEST INDI

to cease. AN they read in a Colonial Paper of a Slave "Dr. M‘Glashan said : It had been proposed WORKHOUSE.

who has run away from his « kind” master, 1 to use the halberd in that institution, as is done

and all the charms of Slavery, being con- in the army, but he thought the contortions of SOME of our readers, who have been ac- demned to the workhouse for life, that he the body during the infliction of a fogging customed to hear the delightful descriptions will pass the remainder of his days in a

might cause the dislocation of the wrists. given by West Indians of Slavery, may peaceful retreat, in undisturbed

I «Mr. King said that he disclaimed any

repose. apprehend that the accommodations of a We will give them a short sketch of the

thing like a feeling of' vanity, when he stated workhouse in the Colonies are very superior

that the workhouse institution of St. Andrew's reality. It would occupy too much of our was the best conducted and mildest of all the to those which are assigned to the poor in space in the present number to describe other workhouses in the Island, but like all our own country. They may imagine, when the manner in which these wretched creatures other human institutions, there might be a great

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many abuses which still exist. He was free to that Honourable and Noble Member of the Im- | Slaves to be alarmed at the idea that their labours add, he did not approve of the present system perial Parliament set his seal to this abomina- | are not likely soon to terminate. This is just the of stretching by the block and tackle during the tion ? Will the Hon. Member for Somerset,

? Will the Hon Member for Somerset course that has been pursuing for the last nine infiction of flagellation. Mr. Dickenson, who is interested, as we are

years. That time has been occupied in sending “ Mr. Fox said, he hoped so disgraceful a informed, in Cherry Garden, in the same parish,

messages to and from the Secretaries of State and

the Governors of the Colonies; and how much system would be done away with. He was unconcernedly abet this cruel system ?

brighter a prospect is there now of the luminaready to make his oath, that he knew a Negro “ But is there no remedy for this evil?-no tion of slavery, than at the announcement of that who was of no service to his owner, from ihe method by which its destruction may be period? The friends of the Slaves, and the real effects of stretching by means of the block and insured ? Perhaps the most effectual, if not the

friends of the Planters, are concerned at the dreadtackle, and he had no doubt there were many only one, would be for Mr. Buxtou-that best

ful situation which they see the latter to be in, and otber instances. In what light would the friend of the Negro race-to call the attention

consider that nothing but a speedy abandonment of

their system of oppression can save them from a Planter appear in the eyes of the British Par of the House of Commons to the subject; to 1 destruction similar to that which befel the Egypliament, with this fact staring them in the face? | state the facts, and call upon Lord Chandos and tian Slave-holders, as related in the Book of Exodus. “ Col. Robertson said, I myself knew a Negro the other West India Members to deny the truth,

There is, perhaps, just time to do justly, and thereby who was totally useless, in consequence of if they can.

save their lives, and not only save but improve their being stretched in the workhouse,

“Much praise is due to Mr. Fox, for bis

estates and property, by changing the situation of

| their Slaves into that of free labourers. May they " During this discussion, the majority of the determined conduct on the occasion, and the be wise enough spontaneously to let the people go, Commissioners retired from the Board, one or bold and fearless manner in which he brought and thus avert the plagues which appear to be comtwo at a time.” the subject under the consideration of the Board.

ing upon them. We entreat him, as well as Colonel Robertson,

October 10. In the succeeding number of the Watch

to persevere in their benevolent endeavour to man they say, rescue the parish from its present stigma."

NEGRO SLAVERY. " The attention of our readers in Great Britain is especially called to this subject, be.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST. cause it would be impossible tu rouse public


Sir: Numerous and cruel as the oppressions are opinion in this Ísland, at least to such a pitch

by which the poor Negroes are tormented and deas would insure the removal of the evil.

« Fiat justitia ruat cælum."

stroyed, the most afflictive of all is the parsimony “There are a number of persons who will not


with which they are maintained, whilst they are be sparing of their abuse for the exposure, or

coerced to the enormous amount of labour already the appeal to the sympathies of the inhabitants

described in my second letter. This inadequacy TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST.

of subsistence is placed out of dispute by the express of Great Britain and i reland, which we have Sir : You will undoubtedly excuse the liberty which admissions of the Colonists, the statements of their

a well-wisher takes, in suggesting that some of his Assemblies, and the recitals of their laws. When thought proper to make. They feel decidedly

readers might suspect, from his article in the third averse to subjects of this kind being brought

the Planters are necessitous and embarrassed in number, under the head of “ Happiness," whether under the notice of liberal-minded men in

their circumstances which a large proportion of he is not a Deist-at any rate a Socinian. The them are at all times—their Slaves are not only Great Britain, froin a conviction that they can.

scantily fed, but often subjected to absolute want. not fail to be noticed, and consequently re- tion of happiness, given by John Newton, in his pre

These well-established facts clearly evince what many medied. face to Cowper's Poems.

on this side of the Atlantic may find it difficult to "In order to convey to our distant readers some

"If happiness could have been found in classical

believe, that, under some circumstances, British attainments, in an elegant taste, in the exertions Planters are capable of subjecting their hard-worked idea of the mode of punishment alluded to, it is of wit, fancy, and genius, and in the esteem and labourers to famine“ at the cost," to repeat the necessary to be more particular. So far then, converse of such persons as in these respects were

strong, but just language of Dr. Collins, “ of the as decency will permit, we shall endeavour to most congenial with himself, he would have been blood of their own species." Dr. Collins was a phydescribe it. A Slave about to be togged in the happy. But he was not. He wondered (as thou

sician and Planter of much experience, who had, St. Andrew's workhouse is prostrated on the sa sands in a similar situation will do.) that she

a great part of his life, resided in the West Indies, should continue dissatisfied, with all the means ground, with his or her face downwards, and

and who wrote a pamphlet in defence of the Slave apparently conducive to satisfaction within his the body indecently exposed to the gaze of the reach.

Trade, and compiled it chiefly with the humane in• But, in due time the cause of his disap

tention of pointing out to his brother Planters such bystanders. The arms are extended, the pointment was discovered to him-he had lived with

abuses in the treatment of their Slaves as he deemed wrists being made fast,--the legs are brought | out God in the world. In a memorable hour, the

inessential to their system, which he hoped to induce close together, and are secured by a rope at the wisdom which is from above visited his heart. Then

them to reform. Mr. Hibbert, the Agent for he felt himself a wanderer, and then he found a ancle, which rope passes through a block, and

Jamaica, published a new edition of the work, which guide--the religior of the Bible, which, however disis hauled taught,' stretching even to agony credited by the misconduct of many who have not re

I, therefore, quote from, as an authority that will

not be likely to be disputed. In reasoning to perevery muscle, and until every joint of the nounced the Christian name, proves itself, when

suade the Planters to be more liberal in their allowwretched sufferer is heard to crack. Then rightly understood and cordially embraced, to be the

ance of food, he urges their own self-interest, in comes the boatswain, a strong muscular man, grand desideratuin which alone can relieve the

" the great labour which a well-fed Negro is capable mind of man from painful and unavoidable who swinging the cat two or three times round

of executing, in proportion to one who is ball starved, anxieties, inspire it with stable peace and solid hope, his head, at each stroke sends it with tre- and furnish those motives and prospects which.

and in his long exemption from disease, and ils pos

sible consequence-death; for” he adds, “Tavow mendous force, cutting into the flesh of-it may in the present state of things, are absolutely

it boldiy, a great number of Negroes have perished be a girl just ripening into womanhood, or an necessary to produce a conduct worthy of a rational

annually from disease produced by inattention. aged female, wbose head is hoary from length creature, distinguished by a vastness of capacity

To be convinced of this truth, let us trace the effect of years, and occasioning the blood to How which no assemblage of earthly good can satisfy, and

of that system, which assigned for a Negro's weekly by a principle and pre-intimation of immortality. most copiously!

allowance, six or seven pints of flour or grain, with ........ We learnt the causes of our inquietude-we 6. This is a fact-a fact which we defy the were directed to a method of relief-we tried, and we

as many salt herrings, and it is in vain to conceal

what we all know to be true, that in many of the assembled Magistrates and Vestry of St. An. were not disappointed. We are now certain that the

islands they do not give more. With so scanty a pit. drew's to disprove. Humane men would sup Gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salva

tance, it is indeed possible for the soul and body to pose that corporal punishment is of itself' tion, to every one that believeth. It has reconciled

be held together, provided a man's only business be sofficiently excruciating, and that all but those | us to God, and to ourselves, to our duty, and our

to live; but if intense labour be exacted from him, situation. It is the balm and cordial of the present wbose consciences are seared as with a hot life, and a sovereign antidote against the fear of to thicken and enrich the fluids, what to strengthen

how is the body to support itself? What is there iron, would gladly spare any superadded pain, death."

the solids, to give energy to the heart, and to invi. sach as that arising from the application of This may probably not be the best definition of

gorate its pulsations? Your Negroes may crawl the block and tackle. Those, however, who happiness that might be found; but it is the first

about with feeble emaciated frames, but their at| which came to hand, and it is to the purpose. live in a land of slavery know that, natural as

tempts to wield the hoe prove abortive; they shrink Peckham, Oct. 8.'

VERITAS. such a proposition may be, it is but a vain one

from their toil; and being urged to perseverance

by stripes, you are soon obliged to receive them into wlien entertained in reference to a majority of the Slave-owners and Managers.

the hospital; whence, unless your plan be speedily GRADUAL EMANCIPATION. These can

corrected, they depart but to the grave." listen to the statements of cruelty, and yet retire


This is not written by a man who is ignorant of from the board one or two at a time, and thus

Sir: An immediate abolitionist will be obliged to

the system, or prejudiced against it, but your readers elude the question. But will the absentee prosome member of the Anti-Slavery Society, to inforın

will remember, that it is a very eminent West Indian prietors in St. Andrew's sanction this atrocious him, through the medium of the TOURIST, whether it

Planter and Physician who thus avows the horrible abusc? Will Lord Chanilos, the leader of the is true, as reported, that the Governors of the

truth, that great numbers of these our wretched West India boily, and the heir to the Hope Chartered Slave Colonies have received instructions

fellow creatures are, by the sordid and cruel parsiestate, within four miles of this workhouse, and from the Secretary of State not to urge on the

mony of their owners, annually-destroyed by inawith more than 310 Slaves, all (saring infants) Legislative Assemblies the adoption of the Orders

nition, i. e. slowly starved to death! | in Council of the 2d of November as law? If this As brevity is as suitable to the convenience of an subiect to the dreadful block and tackle-will l is the case, it is high time for the friends of the Editor, as to the taste of the general reagen, um


not, at present, encroach further on the space which stance to claim insurance against loss. Let me not have, as you consess by your silence, found it imis due to the many able Correspondents of your be told by you, that man cannot be the property of i possible to damage my statements; but you seem excellent paper.

man. I have heard (perhaps I am in error) that you to have thought it would do just as well to overturn Hereford; Sept. 1832.

H.U.U. have yourself received the benefit of this species of one of your own; and this you have done very ef

properly. You have told me of the enormous de- fectually. In your first letter there is this para

crease of Slave population within the last eleven graph :-" Scarcely does one of my vessels go to An. TO T. F. BUXTON, ESQ.

years : your labours, I believe, commenced about tigua without a quantity of poultry and salt fish to

that period; from that date I reckon the fall of my sell, and in good seasons an immense quantity of Sir: Having read in the Cheltenham Chronicle of West Ind

West India property. You have not in your cal- potatoes." Here we have the picture of a thriving the 6th inst. a letter you have done me the honour

culation distinguished how many have fallen by people, not merely living in abundance, but ento address to me, I feel that I should be wanting in

rebellion, massacre, or the halter. But may I ask, riching themselves by the export of the superfluous courtesy if I did not notice some of its contents; and sir, (without meaning offence,) were those Slaves, commodities. In the last letter you thus speak:I will follow your example in doing so in entire good

from whose sale (the last instalment of which was“ It is a melancholy fact that the Negroes, though humour. I am charged with having used the word

made just eleven years ago) you profited, sold again occasionally loading my BOATS with produce for “Buxtonites;" with having pointed out no senti

into slavery, to swell that decrease which you now their own beneit, have, in a period of five years and ment you had uttered which might be proved falla- la

so pathetically describe? I vouch not for the truth; a half, kept themselves out of the provision market cious; having avoided every tangible point ; incon. I should myself have received such profit. But the only 18 months.” The vessels dwindle into boats, the sistency, and other heinous offences. I am asked

decrease is said to have arisen from the severity of constant export of fish and poultry into an occasional

Recrease is said to have arisen from the severity of constant e.rport of fish and po why, it I am really anxious for the manumission of

the sugar cultivating system, from cruelty, misery, shipment of produce; and these happiest of men, my Negroes, I labour to curse them with the blessings

and oppression, particularly during the crop season; who were farmers at home and merchants abroad, which the Anti-Slavery Society would confer? You

but no man has witnessed that crop season, without cannot keep themselves at all during three.fourths then proceed to discuss the propriety of compen.

seeing the fallacy of this statement-without learn of their time. What a falling off is this! You may sation, he increase of Slaves depending on good or

ing that every Slave would wish its continuance the well call it a melancholy fact-melancholy both to bad treatment, and are quite in extacy to find that whole year.

the Slaves and their master. It exposes their where Slaves are allowed 10 or 12 acres, they ac

Although I have overstepped the bounds of a let. wretchedness, and it ruins your argument. tually cultivate them for their own benefit. If, sir,

ter, there is one remaining point which must not be One topic alone remains. You taunt me with the in noticing some of these points, the subject may, omitted. “My negroes can be industrious when sale of my Slaves, and the profit which I derived from its nature, draw from me some strong expres- I they work for themselves. If they make such good from them. I have nad my snare

of calumny. You sions, let me assure you that I mean nothing per.

use of the scantling of time I allow them, will they remind me of one of that troop of libels with which sonal, giving you credit for good intentions, however,

not work when their whole time and their labour is I have been assailed. I have hitherto allowed it to in my humble judgment, misapplied.

their own?" Sir, I know not whether it is your in. remain unnoticed, because it rested on the autho. If the word Buxtonites has given offence, I am

tention, when you take my Slaves, to divide myrity of anonymous or hireling writers; but when a sorry to have used it; but I imagined I was placing placing property among them ; but it is a melancholy fact, I person so

rson so respectable as Sir C. B. Codrington gives you in the situation you most coveted, viz. the

that the Negroes to whom you particularly allude, it in any sort the sanction of his name. I have no leader of the Anti-Slavery Society, a society not the

having any quantity of land they will. cultivate, and alternative but to reply to it; and I trust you will less laudable from any (possibly erroneous) opinion

occasionally loading my boats with produce for their excuse me for taking this opportunity of doing so. I may hold respecting it; but which I do not hesi.

own benefit, have, in a period of tive years and a Though I am far from ascribing the greater part of it tate to say, (speaking of them as a body,) I con.

half, ending in 1831, kept themselves oat of the pro- to you, yet, being compelled by your letter to allude to sider to have proved itself a curse as well to the

vision market only 18 months. But, sir, had you it, I could not do so without repelling the whole Negro as to the Planter: and which will eventually

visited those Colonies, you might have seen that in accusation The charge first appeard in 1824, and prove a curse to the nation. On their heads, in my

severe droughts (which too frequently occur) no thus it ran : opinion, lie all the rebellions, massacres, and for labour will produce provisions. But I will conclude. First-That in the year 1771 I prevailed on Mrs feitures of Negro life, of which we have seen so much, I have many negroes who will not accept manu- Barnard to place 20,0001. in a West Indian House. and are, I fear, doomed to see more. They have de

| mission; two instances have lately occurred, one in My reply is--This is hardly possible, as I was not born stroyed the property of the Planter, taken away the Barbuda, of a father refusing the purchase money till 15 years afterwards. means of subsistence from the widow and the father. | for his daughter's liberty; the other, of a negro in

iberty. the other of a negro in Secondly That in 1793, I sent a Mr. Gosling to less, have changed the character of the Negro from Antigua. declining the manumission of a wife and the West Indies to sell my Negroes. I reply again, a happy and contented being, (happier, because in daughter now my slaves. Sir, I am much more the that I was not born at the period. a more comfortable state than the British labourer, ) Negro's friend than yourself. The eyes of the Thirdly-That Mrs Barnard dying in 1792, I, who to that of a rebel and a murderer. They have un. Anti-Slavery Society may remain closed; but the bad married her ncice, became her executor, and the fitted him for that state of liberty to which he was

people of England are beginning to set a proper manager of her West India property, her heir-and fast approaching, and which, I am still willing to

value on this hypocritical humbug, and the Negroes that I derived from her 170,0001. I deny that I mar. believe, is the object of that Society. I believe, sir, themselves to see the delusion of Anti-Slavery | ried her neice, or became her executor, or managed your humanity to the Slave has never led you to

Emancipation. My writings, sir, may stimulate your her property ; and some confirmation of my statement visit those Colonies. The ignorance of the Anti

erertions, and I will warn you, that those exertions, is derived from the fact, that I was about six years old Slavery (may I say) Buxtonites is proclaimed from if leading to too hasty manumission, can tend only at the time-an early age for matrimony, executorthe resident Bishop to the casual visitor: and I will

to further rebellion, massacre, and forfeiture of life. ship, or the management of affairs in America. I repeat, from impressions imbibed from living among

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

deny that I became her heir or inherited from her my Negroes, that a happier or more contented class of

c. BETHELL CODRINGTON. 170 0001. I did not derive a shilling from her. I was beings never e.risted, until cursed with the blessings of

Dedington, Sept. 10, 1832.

not mentioned in her will. the Anti-Slavery Society.

Fourthly--That I sent out a respectable GentleBut (you say) I have pointed out no sentiment

man to extort the last shilling from my West India you had uttered, I have avoided every tangible THOS. FOWELL BUXTON, ESQ. TO SIR C. B.

creditors, and to sell my Negroes. I deny that I point. But have you never (speaking of the Planter)


practised extortion on my West India creditors, for I used the words atrocious--barbarous-villainous ?

never had a West India ereditor. I deny that I sens Have you not lately referred to an expression (some Sir: Your letter, dated Sept. 10th, hias but re.

out arespectable Gentleman, or any Gentleman at all, years back) of Lord Grenville, for the express pur- cently reached me. Its contents are very gratifying

to sell my Negroes, for I never had a Negro to sell, pose of proclaiming your concurrence in the opinion, to me. So far from confuting, it does rot even The fifth charge is, simply, that I am Judas that “a man who rises in the morning an owner of assail my statements; but then it is very successful

Iscariot, an enemy to Slavery, though every shilling Slaves, and does not liberate them before he retires in exposing the errors of your own. Thus stands

I possess was wrung from the bones and sinews of to bed, is a villain?" I do not know whether these the controversy. You charged me with misrepre.

Slaves. I repeat I never was master of a Slave-I will come under the denomination of tangible points, sentation. I replied by challenging you to the proof.

never bought one, or sold ore, or hired one. I never and would rather have avoided noticing them, for I I gave you a wide field. I called your attention to

owned an hogshead of sugar or an acre of land in the have no wish to be personal. I will proceed to all I had said or written on the subject of Slavery, | West Indies." answer the question, why, wishing the manumission and invited you to select and expose any errors in

in I may as well liere state what foundation there is of my Negroes, and admitting the benefit I should | my facts, or any fallacy in my arguments. Am I for this widely circulated report. “Some truth reap from their manumission, I still hold them in not entitled to construe that silence into a most empha

there is—though brewed and dashed with lies.” bondage? You would not, sir, yourself urge manu. tic concession ? I want no other vindication. You

There was a Mrs. Barnard. She was my grandmission, if you did not think they had reached that have made a charge, and you have failed to establish it.

father's sister. She embarked a sum of money in a point of moral advancement and instruction, which I must apprize you that I shall never attempt to

West India House, the greater part of which she to use the words of the Archdeacon of Jamaica) justify any harsh epithets which may have fallen

lost. The remnant descended to some of my near would make manumission a boon (a blessing to from me in the warmth of discussion. If I have

relations. So far is true-but it is also true that in them) instead of a curse; and this, sir, is the point of used the terms atrocious," "barbarous," "villain.

that property I never happened to be a partaker, I difference between us. I'forego what I believe would ous," as applied to the body of Planters, I regret it.

am not, and to the best of my knowledge, NEVER eventually be a benefit to myself ; I defer what I You who accuse others of “ making assertions HAVE BEEN THE OWNER OF A SHILLING believe would be a boon to the Slave, because (with which they do not themselves believe;"-you who

DERIVED FROM SLAVES. the Archdeacon) I believe he is as yet unfitted for charge upon their heads “the rebellions, massacres,

| Hoping that the Electors of Gloucestershire will it, and bis present manumission would be to me aand forfeitures of Negro life," which have recently

forgive you for having extorted from me this tedious loss—to him a curse. And this leads me to the stained the annals of Jamaica; you who describe

explanation, question of compensation-compensation (as you as “calumniators," and their doctrine as “hypo

I have the honour to be, Sir, choose to put it) “for a benefit conferred :" but critical humbug'-their acts as “a curse to the

Your obedient Servant, here again is the falacy. I ask not compensation, | Planter,” a curse to the Negro,” “a curse to the

Cromer, Sept. 21, 1832. T. FOWELL BUXTON. but insurance from loss. My Negro, by the laws of nation;" - you who—(not in the excitement of debate, England, is as much my property as any other species but in the retirement of your closet-not in a 10 years' of property; if you benefit my property, I ask no controversy, but in three short letters) assume such Printed and Published by J. CRISP, at No. 13. compensation ; it, by hastily depriving me of it, I a license of invective, must surely be no stern critic Wellington-street, Strand, where all Advertise suffer loss, I am in honour and good faith entitled to on the language of your opponent. I close this part ments and Communications for the Editor are compensation; and I have a right in the first in- of the controversy with this single observation. You to be addresud.

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Sketch Book of the Times.

"I pencilled things I saw, and profited by things I heard.”—LETTER OF A WALKING GENTLEMAN.

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The Telegraph, though it has been in ge- | reports of the Telegraph to make it exten- | Mont Martre, to prepare. At each station neral use only for a few years, is by no sively useful, until the time of the French there was a watch-tower, where telescopes means a modern invention. From the fact revolution, about the end of the year 1793. were fixed, and the person on the watch of the destruction of Troy being known in It was then that M. Chappe constructed an gave the signal of preparation which he had Greece before any person could have arrived apparatus for telegraphic communication in received, and this communicated successively and communicated the intelligence, it is the following way: An upright post was through all the line, which brought them all probable that some sort of telegraph was erected on the roof of the palace of into a state of readiness. The person at in use at that time. This may be gathered the Louvre, at Paris, which was the Mont Martre then received, letter by letter, from the opening scene in a Greek play, in first station. At the top of this post were | the sentence from the Louvre, which he which a watchman descends from the top of two transverse arms, which might be moved repeated with his own machine; and this a tower in Greece, and communicates the in all directions, and with great rapidity, by was again repeated from the next height, event referred to in these words: “I have means of a single piece of mechanism. The with inconceivable rapidity, to the final been looking out these ten years to see when inventor next arranged a number of positions | station at Lisle. this would happen, and this night it is done." of these arms, which should designate the Two models of this Telegraph were exe

The earliest mode of transmitting intelli- letters of the alphabet, and the key to which cuted at Frankfort, and sent to the Duke of gence in this way seems to have been by needed only to be known to the persons at York, and hence the plan and alphabet of fires or torches lighted on the highest lands. the extreme stations ; reducing the number the machine came to England. Various exThis, however, must obviously have been a of positions to sixteen, by the omission of periments were in consequence tried upon it very defective method ; as it could only have some unnecessary letters. The construction in this country; and one was soon after set given information respecting some definite of the machine was such, that each signal up by Government, in a chain of stations from and expected occurrence, of which it was the was given in precisely the same manner at the Admiralty-office to the sea-coast. Notpreconcerted signal ; and nothing could have all times. It did not depend on the manual withstanding, however, the ingenuity with been known by it of any unexpected events, skill of the operator; and the position of the which the machine was at first contrived, or of the collateral circumstances attending arm could never, for any one signal, be a and has been subsequently improved, it such as were foreseen. Several improve degree higher or a degree lower, its move has never, we believe, been applied so advanments were made on this contrivance at ment being regulated by mechanism.

tageously, as might have been expected, to different periods, some of which were ex M. Chappe having received at the Louvre the conveyance of precise or unexpected inceedingly ingenious : but none of them gave the sentence to be conveyed, gave a known telligence. Were this the case, the advansufficient intelligibility and precisiori to the signal to the second station, which was lages which we might expect to arise from

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