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poetry itself. His natural advantages were judgment to order and govern fancy, rather than excess of fancy; his productions being slow and upon deliberation, yet then abounding with great wit and fancy, and will live accordingly; and sure. ly as he did exceedingly exalt the Eng. lish language in eloquence, propriety, and masculine expression, so he was the best judge of, and fittest to prescribe rules to, poetry and poets, of any man who had lived with or before him ; or since, if Mr. Cowley had not made a flight beyond all men, with that modesty yet as to ascribe much of this to the example and learning of Ben Jonson. His conversation was very good, and with the men of most note; and he had, for many years, an extraordinary kindness for Mr. Hyde (Lord Clarendon), till he found he betook himself to business, which he believed ought never to be preferred before his company. He lived to be very old, and till the palsy made a deep impression on his body and mind.”

We cannot close this brief sketch withBEN JONSON.

out presenting the reader with two short

specimens of his epigrammatic talent. The BENJAMIN Jonson, or Johnson (as he | After this, he produced his celebrated first shall be his Epitaph upon the Counhimself appears to have preferred it), an comedy of “ Every Man in his Humour,” | tess of Pembroke, sister to Sir Philip intimate friend of Shakspeare, and one and thenceforth continued, at short in- | Sidney :of the greatest poets of his age, was born tervals, to write the dramatic pieces which

“ Underneath this marble herse at Westminster, June 11th, 1574. He have made his name renowned. From

Lies the subject of all verse-was sent, at a very early age, to a private 1625 to 1629 his health gradually de Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother. school in the church of St. Martin-in-the-clined, and his resources had become ex

Death! ere thou hast slain another fields, whence he was removed to West-ceedingly limited, but were considerably

Learn’d, and fair, and good as she,

Time shall throw a dart at thee." minster School, and placed under the increased by a present of a hundred tuition of the great Camden, whom he pounds from King Charles, which he

ounds from King Charles, which he The other is much better known, and commemorates, in one of his epigrams, acknowledged in a facetious epigram. lis equally havdv. as the person to whom he owed all he But his majesty's munificence did not knew. As his father was a clergyman, it stop here. He gave him an annual salary “ Underneath this stone doch lie is supposed that this step was taken with of a hundred pounds, with the addition As much beauty as could die;

Which, in life, did harbour give a view to his entering the church; but of a tierce of Canary wine from his own

To more virtue than doth live." his mother having been left a widow in cellars. After the year 1634 he entirely narrow circumstances, she accepted an discontinued writing; and, in August offer of marriage made to her by a brick- 1637, ended his days, in the sixty-third layer, to which trade young Ben was year of his age. He was interred in the LONDON

in the LONDON :- Published by J. Crisp, at No. 27, forced to apply himself, after having north-west end of Westminster Abbey,

Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row. made great proficiency in classical learn- under a small stone which bears a laconic ing at Westminster, and was said to have inscription, the history of which shall be Where all Communications for the Editor are to be been employed in building some additions given in the quaint words of one of his

addressed. to Lincoln's Inn. Being, however, unable ancient biographers:-"He lyes buried in to content his mind with this humble the north aisle, the path square of stones,

Town Agenls. situation, he enlisted himself as a soldier, the rest lozenge, opposite to the scutcheon B. Steil. Paternoster-rom, C. Cowie. Strand and fought against the Spaniards in the of Robert de Ros, with this inscrip- W. Strange, ditto Hewitt, ditto Netherlands. On his return, he is said tion only on him, in a pavement square of

Purkess, Compton-street to have resumed his studies, and to have blue marble, fourteen inches square, 0 Areh, Cornhill . entered at St. John's College, Cambridge; / RARE BEN JONSON !' which was done at where, however, the scantiness of his re- the charge of Jack Young, afterwards

Country Agents. sources prevented his keeping all his knighted, who, walking there when the Birmingham, J. Drake Leeds, Baynes and ca terms. On leaving Cambridge, he began grave was covering, gave the fellow

| Dillo, Knight

Bristol, Westley and Co. Lincoln, W. Peck his theatrical career, by engaging himself eighteen pence to cut it."

Cambridge, Mrs. Sauditer Liverpool, Willmer And in various parties of strolling players, and Perhaps the most accurate and creditat length became more permanently en- able character of Ben Jonson was written Cheltenham, J. Gray Ditto, W. Ellerby gaged at an obscure theatre, called the by Lord Clarendon. It is comprised in Edinburgh, J. Wardlaw Norwich, Jarrold and Sub Green Curtain, near Shoreditch. While the following sentences :" His name

Nottingham, C. Wriglit Glasgow, G. Gallie

Stroud, W. Harmer thus engaged, he began to write his can never be forgotten, having, by his Hull, w. Stephenson

| Dil'o, H. Deighton plays; and his first having the good for- very good learning and the severity of| tune to fall into the hands of Shakspeare, his nature and manners, very much re- | was by him brought forward and acted. formed the stage, and indeed the English Printed by J. Haddon and Co., 27, Ivy Lave,

| Dilto, J. Noble

[graphic]

G. Berger, Holyuell-street, Clements, Pulteney street
Strand

Lloyd, Hayes-court

Boston, J. Noble

('arlisle, C. Thurnam
Chatham, P. Youngman

Smith
Manchester, R. Robinson

Derby, Wilkins and Son

Newcastle, Chainbeis

Falmonth, J. Philp

Worcester, J. R. Huut

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Tuis is one of the most extraordinary | been screened, by the piety of its Mahom- , one of the principal mosques, formerly a remains of antiquity of which our coun- medan possessors, from the eyes of infi- primitive church under the name of St. try can boast. It was brought to England, dels, and made, by the former, the object Athanasius. This edifice, ruinous as magfrom Alexandria, by Dr. Edward Daniel of religious veneration. When Alexan-nificent, may afford an idea of the neg. Clarke, where it had been discovered by dria had been taken by the French, no ligence of the Turks respecting objects of Denon and Dolomieux, at an early period part of the army rifled it in a more merci- which they are the most jealous. Before after the invasion of Egypt by the French, less manner than the corps of savans our arrival, they suffered no Christian to while they were engaged in examining the whom the republic had, with characteris- approach, and chose to keep a guard antiquities of that city. It had been ac- tic coolness, sent out in their train—as rather than to repair the gates. In the curately described by various travellers if, by this ostentation of learning and state in which we found them, they could for centuries past; and, together with science, to mitigate the unprincipled bar- neither shut nor move on their hinges. thcir description, they relate the legend barity of their enterprise." They imme- In the middle of the court of that mosque connected with it, as confidently enter- | diately ransacked every place where there a small octagon temple incloses a cistern tained by the inhabitants, namely, that was any hope of discovering literary of Egyptian breccia, of incomparable it was tho tomb of Alexander, the founder plunder, and were not long in seizing | beauty, both on account of its nature and of their city. For a considerable time, I upon this precious MONUMENT. of the innumerable hieroglyphic figures however, previous to its removal, it had ! ** Near these baths,” says Denon, “is with which it is covered within and with

out. This monument, which is without | gious temple would have been raised in BOOK-KEEPERS' SITUATIONS ON doubt a sarcophagus of ancient Egypt, the midst of Paris ; where, to complete JAMAICA SUGAR ESTATES. will be perhaps illustrated by volumes of the mockery of Buonaparte's imitation of dissertations. It may be considered as the son of Philip, the same tomb that had

Facts, not fictions. one of the chief spoils of Egypt, and one once enclosed the body of that hero would of the most precious morsels of antiquity have been reserved for the bones of his

(Continued from page 303.) with which it might be wished we could mimic.”

A little further on, he probably passes a enrich one of our museums. My enthu- The silence of Denon is now accounted

gang of negroes repairing the highway. They siasm was participated by Dolomieux for. The tomb is no longer a theme of

appear to him working very eagerly, as if when we together discovered this precious triumph to his countrymen; and he so- | under the influence of some strong inducement monument.”

; l laces his disappointment by depreciating to exertion; he rides slowly past them, and The reader will here probably feel the value of his loss.

he then observes a white overlooker, and two some surprise that Denon should not On the retaking of Alexandria by the

savage-looking black fellows; one walking

about whip in hand, the other with his arms allude to the supposition that this “ pre- | English, Dr. Clarke entered the city, and

crossed leaning on another bamboo, as if cious monument" was the tomb of Alex was quickly apprized by the inhabitants

closely scrutinizing some one in the gang. He ander the Great. He must have known

where the tomb of Alexander had been begins now to ruminate in his mind whether that such was the opinion stated by all secreted by the French, of which he ob- | the drivers actually flog the slaves with these previous writers, and entertained by the tained undisputed possession. He found | tremendous whips, or if they are only carried natives themselves ; and his silence is it half filled with filth, and covered with as symbols of authority, as the mace is car

ried before the Lord Mayor simply with this easily explained by the sequel of its his- | the rags of the sick people on board. The red

| view, and not with any intention of using it tory, which shall be given in the words of sight of it excited all the enthusiasm of

| in the Irish fashion, when a piercing scream, Dr. Clarke, in the work which he pub- his nature, and the strict correspondence followed by a loud report of the whip, terrifies lished, entitled, “ Testimonies respecting of its appearance with the description him and startles his horse, who, already madthe Tomb of Alexander."

given by Diodorus, of the shrine con- dened with the heat of an almost vertical sun, “ In spite of their vaunted toleration structed for the body of Alexander, left no springs and plunges amongst the negroes. They, and affected regard for the religious opi- doubt on his mind of its identity.

always suspicious of whites, fly off alarmed,

grinningly exclaiming, “ Massa, him new come nions of a people whose sanctuaries they It is one huge and entire block of

from England.” At this unpalatable remark had pledged themselves to protect, the green Egyptian breccia, covered, as has

the novice is confused, puts spurs to his horse, mosque of St. Athanasius was invaded by been said, within and without with hiero- and, having met with no other adventures, French troops ; and the sarcophagus, glyphics. Its dimensions are ten feet arrives at the scene of his imaginary felicitous which they found the inhabitants of the three inches and a half in length, five feet futurity, but which is, alas! destined to afford city venerating as the tomb of the founder three inches and a half in breadth, three nothing else than a rich harvest of never-ceasing of their city, was borne away amidst the feet ten inches in height, and the thick- / disappointments.

Arrived at the estate, he delivers his attorhowling and lamentation of its worship- | ness of its sides ten inches.

ney's letter, is courteously received by the o:er. , pers, and even exciting insurrection It would be impossible, and not very

seer, and his brother book-keepers endeavour among the people, and condemned to instructive, to subjoin the arguments also to be attentive to him. His name is enaugment the collection of plunder in the which Dr. Clarke adduces to prove that tered on the estate's books, and, after a day or museums of Paris. After its removal, the this is really the tomb of Alexander. two spent in looking about him, he then remost cautious measures were used to con- We had, however, intended to have intro

e had however intended to have intro-ceives his written orders from the overseer ; ceal it from observation. With prodigious duced some remarks on hieroglyphics, as and, as the

| and, as the insertion of such here may assist

in furthering the end I have in view in writing difficulty and labour they had placed it intimately connected with this subject;

Uject; this paper, the order that was sent to a youngest in the hold of a crazy vessel in the har- but this we must reserve as the topic of a book-keeper well known to myself now fol. bour, which, being converted into a separate article.

| lows:hospital, might on that account escape In a subsequent part of this number observation, and in other respects was will be found another memorial of this

u Mr. _ will please to call the list of the not likely to become an object of at-mighty conqueror.

second gang every morning; afterwards will This is an engraving

08 reckon the sheep and hogs, and see them tention.

of a medal which was formerly in the dressed if required; after breakfast, he will “ Other vicissitudes awaited this re- possession of Lysimachus, and which, return to the second gang, and attend them markable monument. A British army after exciting much learned controversy, till half-past twelve o'clock; after dinner he came to give life and liberty to the op- is now universally received as a represen- / will call the list of the gang, and then will repressed inhabitants of Egypt, and the tation of Alexander. The Greek charac

| turn to see after the small stock. tomb of the greatest conqueror the world ters which this medal bears are a further

« Mr. -- will please to show Mr. ,

to-morrow, the way he is to go through his emever knew devolved, by right of conquest, testimony to its genuineness, intimating

| ployment. to their victorious arms. Had it been (as does also the horn upon the head)

(Signed) “ -, Overseer.” conveyed to the metropolis of France, the deification of the conqueror, as son instead of the silence which is so cau- of Jupiter Ammon.

Such are the orders given to the youngest tiously observed respecting it, Europe

book-keeper, which he, under the tuition of a would have been told that a hieroglyphic

brother in office, instantly sets about giving

effect to. The simple reading of the above inscription having recorded the actions

instructions must convey but à faint idea of of a Ptolemy,* the Alexandrian Sarco A THOUSAND NAMES OF BUDHA. the really disgusting duties they call upon the phagus, in the same language, might

youngest book-keeper to perform or superintend. also relate the expeditions, the conquests,

Some persons at Peking, and among them Reckoning the sheep and hogs might be and the glories of Alexander.

a Tartar soldier, have been convicted of form- borne; but next comes-0, filthy operation! A prodi

ing a sect whose distinguishing feature was the the dressing of their maggotty sores, which,

reciting a thousand names of Budha, and col. in so warm a climate, are disgusting even to * Dr. Clarke here alludes to an objection

objection lecting money. brought-against the genuineness of this antiquity,

These proceedings are pro-view. These the book-keeper must see attended

nounced worthy of the most intense detestaon the ground that the employment of the hiero

to, and, if he wishes to acquire a character for tion! Some of the leaders have been capitally activity, he will be expected to assist himself. glyphic character indicates an age prior to Alexander, whereas the inscription on the celebrated punished, and the general to whose division punished, and the general to whose division

This done, he must hasten

This done, he must hasten to the hen-house, Roselta stone, though in the same character, is

the soldier belonged has requested a court when he receives from an old negress & known to have been written at a time subsequent martial on his conduct, for not discovering the notched stick, on which is marked, by cuts in to the æra of Alexander. affair sooner.

different compartments, the birth, death, and

actual number of every turkey, goose, duck, in his absence; and, having served a thorough, my remonstrances; they both went, and I hen, and chicken on the estate. He afterwards apprenticeship to the business, is now perfectly lately saw a letter from one of them, who numbers them himself, sees them fed, and qualified to fill, and eligible for, an overseer's deeply regrets not having taken my advice, makes out a list of the whole for the inspection situation on another estate. He in the boiling wishes he were home again, and says that the of the overseer. His afternoons are for some house superintends during the day, and in his duties he has to perform are enough to break months occupied, like the prodigal's, in “herd-turn at night, the making of sugar, and also his heart. He further states, what may seem ing swine," although, unlike him, he does not “ keeps the keys” of the estate, that is, serves incredible (but any thing may be believed of altogether live on husks, if good living can out the salt herrings, clothing, &c., to the ne- slavery), that, on the estate where he is situamend for other disagrémens. He now begins groes; while the book-keeper in the still-house ated, it is the universal custom for the whites to think in good earnest that he has been de- has the charge of making the rum. He uui- to indulge in intoxication of a Sunday, and ceived by the hypocritical attention and assi- formly strives to produce the full estimate, or

rmly strives to produce the full estimate, or that, because he refused to follow their vicious duities of some kind West Indian friend. He to go beyond it when promised a reward for so example, he was debarred from the overseer's begins to despond. His brother book-keepers, doing. But it is impossible to descant upon table for a full week afterwards. He is a observing this, will encourage him to bear up; the disagreeable duties of these two latter situ- | young man of most respectable relations, and that they, too, did not like their duties at first, ations. Those who fill them are generally so I can fully rely on his integrity. and that he, like themselves, will soon be used well seasoned with slavery, that they feel quite I never yet conversed with a white in Jan to it.

contented in their prospects of further pro-. maica, whether book-keeper or overseer, who He is advised by the overseer to carry a motion.

did not express some regret that he had ever switch in his hand, to swear at the negroes if I would never for one moment suppose that left home; and many have I seen who inthey don't work well, and to have always a any young man would remain to fill such situ- dulged in feelings of the most poignant regret sour look. He is also instructed that, if he ations did he entertain the smallest sympathy that they ever had done so. But if young men wishes to be a planter, he must do as others do, for the victims of the lash, or a just regard for will not be convinced, they must be allowed to and be sure, whenever he sees a black face, to his own reputation. Jamaica friends expended have their own way; only I beseech them to set down its owner as a thief and a villain ; all their eloquence on me by assuring me that come under no engagement for a term of and, if he does so, he will do no more than his I would one day be an overseer, and were not years; let them go unfettered, and take suffiduty. Such are a few of the additional in- a little surprised when I told them that I cient money with them to pay their passage structions given to the young aspirant; he would never consent to fill such a situation. home, as (if they possess the true feelings of ruminates upon them and his honourable office No! my mind was made up after being a week

British freemen) they will of course return, and while moving along from right to left of the on the property, and I never rested day or

on the property, and I never rested day or enlist themselves in the honourable ranks of gang, under the blaze of a scorching sun, his night in devising schemes to “ run away,” those who are at this moment joined hand in sensitive feelings wounded by overhearing the when at length, through the mercy of Provi- hand in defending the outraged rights of their half-suppressed sneers and reproaches of the dence, I was enabled to bid it adieu, once and black fellow subjects. slaves, while his pride is hurt at their occa for ever!

Charles JOHNSTONE. sional laughs at his expence. Acting up to I have now endeavoured to depict the actual London, March 26th, 1833. his instructions, he must endeavour to alter nature of book-keepers' duties; but I have his physiognomy in the field, to appear inex- merely told half the truth. At another time, I MORAL

hother time, MORAL AND RELIGIOUS INFLUENCE orable when he would wish to be lenient, more may be divulged. Sufficient, however, I. haughty when he would wish to be kind. A trust, has been said at present to warn young

OF THE CLASSICS. few words spoken by him to a negro may cost men to look before they leap.

No. VIII. him his situation, at a moment's warning. I strongly maintain, and maintain it I will When crop time comes, he will have to keep in the face of opposition, that no man can pos

BRITISH CLASSICS.-ADDISON. spell the half of every other night. On small sibly be happy, or even tolerably comfortable, The various interesting sets of short essays, estates, the overseer and he sit up each night in Jamaica, in the shape of either book-keeper with the Spectator and Rambler at their head, alternately. He will find such watching far or overseer, who has not had all his better | must have had a very considerable influence, from pleasant, after being on his feet for a feelings and sympathies seared and withered during a season at least, and not yet entirely whole day. He requires to be continually up by the deadly blast of slavery. How comes | extinct, on the moral taste of the public. moving about during the night, at one moment it otherwise that we hear of numbers not liking Perhaps, however, it is too late in the day for among the fumes of vapour ascending from the country at first, until, after some residence, any interest to be taken in religious animadthe boiling sugar, at another in the yard, see- they felt themselves quite comfortable? It is versions which might with propriety have been ing what is doing there, exposed to the heavy just because, at first, they were shocked and ventured upon the Spectator, when it was the dew. Thus has he to encounter two extremi- horrified at the daily scenes they witnessed; / general and familiar favourite with the readties, as much on account of properly discharg- but, after some seasoning and intercourse with ing portion of the community. A work of ing his duty as of keeping himself in a state of the planters, they completely lost sight of all such wide compass, and avowedly assuming waking consciousness. I am now nearly done loathing and repugnance at the discharge of the office of guardian and teacher of all good with the youngest book-keeper, only assuring those once disagreeable duties, succumbed to principles, gave fair opportunities for a Chrisyoung aspirants for that office that these dis- the prevailing spirit, and became quite happy tian writer to introduce, excepting what is agreeable and harassing duties, with many in their situations.

strictly termed science, a little of every subject more concomitants, are in store for them, to This may perhaps be read by some intended affecting the condition and happiness of men. which an unflinching obedience is exacted, or emigrants to the west, and they may affect to Why then was it fated that the stupendous summary dismissal is the consequence. I disbelieve that such and such is the case, for circumstance of the redemption by the Meswould seriously advise such to pause and reflect they have been told otherwise. Yes! I, too, siah, of which the importance is commensurate before they make up their minds on going to was told otherwise, but I soon, very soon, found with the whole interests of man, with the value Jamaica. But these are the duties they have my mistake. It is frequently too late to think of his immortal spirit, with the government of to perforin; and, if they approve of them, any of returning when one is there, as every effort his Creator in this world, and with the happithing that I could say would scarcely be of is made to entice the unwary youth into ex- ness of eternity, should not a few times, in the avail in altering their intentions.

pences that chain him, whether he will or not, long course and extensive moral jurisdiction of On large sugar estates, there is also a book to his fate.

that work, be set forth in the most explicit, keeper to look after the working cattle-the I have all along left money out of the ques-uncompromising, and solemn manner, in the least disagreeable office of the whole; and one tion; but, as this has a greater effect on some full aspect and importance which it bears in each for the large gang, and for the boiling- than other considerations of higher moment, I the Christian revelation, with the directness house and still-house, during crop. The at may mention that, from the expences a young and emphasis of apostolic fidelity! Why tendant on the large gang, if he has not book-keeper is put to in buying a horse, uni- should not a few of the most peculiar of the disgusting duties to perform himself, has at form for the militia, &c., he is generally in doctrines, comprehended in the primary one of least to witness the greatest cruelties; but, in debt the very first year, and altogether he will salvation by the Mediator, have been clothed fact, by the time a book-keeper has this charge, only receive £40 sterling for his voluntary with the fascinating elegance of Addison, from his feelings are so blunted that those cruelties exile from his native land. But, perhaps, even all whose pen many persons would have received are only looked upon by him as necessary for this won't have the desired effect in convincing an occasional evangelical lesson with incomthe due performance of labour. Those in the wayward youngsters. Since my arrival in parably more candour than from any professed boiling-house and still-house are the two Scotland, I did all I could to persuade two divine? A pious and benevolent man, such as oldest. The first is the head book-keeper, who young men, acquaintances of mine, from going the avowed advocate of Christianity ought to uniformly discharges the duties of the overseer 'out to Demerara, but they would not listen tol be, should not have been contented that so

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many thousands of minds as his writings were , brink of a small stream, which here descends / “ Distant a few ruds from this is another adapted to instruct and to charm, should have from the mountain, at the point where the bed | spring of the same kind, which discharges no been left for any thing that he very unequi- l of this stream divides the ridge of sandstone water, its basin remaining constantly full, and vocally attempted to the contrary in his most which rests against the base of the first gra- | air only escaping from it. We collected some popular works, to end a life which he had nitic range. The water of the spring deposits a l of the air from both of these springs in a box contributed to refine, acquainted but slightly copious concretion of carbonate of lime, which we had carried for the reception of plants; with the grand security of happiness after has accumulated on every side, until it has but could not perceive it to have the least death. Or if it could not be deemed his duty formed a large basin overhanging the stream; smell, or the power of extinguishing flame, to introduce in a formal manner any of the above which it is raised several feet. This ba- which was tested by plunging into it lighted most specifically evangelical subjects, it might sin is of a snowy whiteness, and large enough splinters of dry cedar. at least have been expected that some of the to contain three or four hundred gallons, and is “The temperature of the water of the largest many serious essays scattered through the constantly overflowing.

spring at noon was 63°, the thermometer at Spectator should have more of a Christian “The spring rises from the bottom of the the same time, in the shade, stood at 680,strain, more recognition of the great oracle, in basin, with a rumbling noise, discharging immersed in the small spring, at 67o. This the speculations concerning the Deity, and the about equal volumes of air and water, pro- difference in temperature is owing to the difgravest moral subjects. There might, without bably about fifty gallons per minute; the whole ference of situation, the higher temperature of hazard of symbolizing with the dreaded fana- kept in constant agitation. The water is beau | the small spring depending entirely on its licism of the preceding age, have been more tifully transparent, and has the sparkling ap- constant exposure to the rays of the sun, and assimilation of what may be called, as it now pearance, the grateful taste, and the exhila- | to its retaining the same portion of water; stands, a literary fashion of religion, to the rating effect of the most highly aërated ar- while that in the large spring is constantly respirit of the New Testament. From him also, | tificial mineral waters.

placed by a new supply.”-R. as a kind of dictator among the elegant writers of the age, it might have been expected that he would set himself, with the same decision and virtuous indignation which he made his Cato display against the betrayers of Roman liberty and laws, to denounce that ridicule which has wounded religion by a careless or by a crafty inanner of holding up its abuses to scorn: but of this impropriety (to use an accommodating term,) the Spectator itself is not free from examples.

Addison wrote a book expressly in defence of the religion of Christ; but to be the dignified advocate of a cause, and to be its humble disciple, may be very different things. An advocate has a feeling of making himself important; he seems to confer something on the cause; but, as a disciple, he must surrender to feel littleness, humility, and submission. Self-importance might find more to gratify it in becoming the patron of a beggar than the servant of a potentate. Addison was, moreover, very unfortunate, for any thing like justice to genuine Christianity, in the class of persons with whom he associated, and among whom he did not hold his pre-eminence by any such imperial tenure as could make him careless of the policy of pleasing them by a general conformity of sentiment. One can imagine with what a perfect storm of ridicule he would have been greeted, on entering one of his celebrated coffee-bouses of wits, on the day after he should have published in the Spectator a paper, for instance, on the necessity of being devoted to the service of Jesus Christ. The friendship of the world ought to be a "pearl of great price,” for its cost is very serious.

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WEST INDIAN COMPENSATION. Lin a ratio greater than tenfold. If the colonial COLD BOILING SPRINGS.

As it is more than probable that British proprietors suffer loss, it is a consequence conThe government of the United States of colonial slavery must shortly cease, its termi- tingent on the issue of a criminal system, America, in the year 1819, sent an expedition nation involves the question of compensation, which has its origin in robbery and murder, from Pittsburgb, with a view of exploring the to which three parties may lay claim-viz., and its support in injustice and cruelty, and immense tract of country which lies between the slaves, the nation, and the colonists; to which ought to teach man a lesson—that huthat place and the “rocky mountains."-Mr. the latter it is a subject of congratulation that man laws, however plausibly worldly policy James, botanist and geologist to the expedi- we are not under the law of Moses, a law may frame them, cannot justify or secure the tion, gives the following account of a boiling which would have reversed the relative posi- investment of property in the blood and sinews spring, which they found on their ascent to the tion of master and slave, by consigning the of that being who was originally made in the top of the highest peak of “the rocky moun- white colonists and their posterity to captivity image of his Creator. Of whom do these cotains.”

for generations to come. But, happily for lonists ask compensation? The prey of the “ After establishing their horse-camp, the them, we live under the gospel; by its pre- system has been theirs; the government has detachinent moved up the valley on foot, ar cept, “As ye would that men should do unto been a “cat's paw," and the slaves the victims. riving about noon at the boiling spring, where | you, so do ye to them," let us adjust the claims Increased delay in emancipating the slaves they dined on a saddle of venison, and some of each party. It is manifestly opposed to all increases their claim to compensation ; and ribs of bison they had brought ready cooked legislation, both human and divine, to make increasing knowledge increases their ability from camp.

compensation to the rich and powerful, and to to estimate, and their power to enforce, a “The boiling spring is a large and beautiful refuse the claims of the poor and oppressed. claim which an impartial British jury would fountain of water, cool and transparent, and If the slave-owners have a claim, justice must award to the unfortunate victims of a violaaërated with carbonic acid. It rises on the l admit that compensation is due to the slaves | tion of Magna Charta.

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