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week, and the denial of the present one condition to deceive the outraged huma-
MONDAY, APRIL 15, 1833.
EXTRACT FROM THE MINUTES OF
THE COMMITTEE OF THE AGENCY
RESOLVED,—That immediate measures be taken to promote addresses to the several metropolitan members, to induce them to attend in their places on the 23d inst., and support the measures of Government, should they go to the extent of entire abolition of Colonial Slavery ; or, should an unsatisfactory measure be proposed, then to support such an amendment as may be deemed necessary by the anti-slavery party.
REFORM IN THE FRENCH COLONIES.
Whilst a Whig administration, aided by all the liberality of a reformed Parliament, are see-sawing between the West Indians and the justice and humanity of the whole nation, the French Ministry are carrying their schemes of colonial re
THE CHAMOIS GOAT. formation with a lusty hand. The contrast between the position of the two governments at this particular juncture is This animal, though wild, is distin- distance. During this time he seems in very striking, not merely in this, but in guished by a degree of sagacity and cha- the most violent agitation, striking the other respects. The one carry, with a racter which make it both docile and in- ground violently with its fore-feet, and haste that exhibits wonderful confidence teresting. It is found in rocky and bounding from rock to rock. in their strength, the bill to establish mountainous places, and is very common But the skill of this animal is shown military law in Ireland-the other sig- in Piedmont, Switzerland, and Germany. most strikingly in its mode of descending nally fail in their attempts to obtain the It is about the size of the domestic goat, precipices, and of leaping from one height admission of such a state, as a state of varying in colour, according to the sea- to another, inaccessible to every living siege in France in cases of revolutionary son, from an ash colour to nearly black. creature but itself. They always mount commotion; the one declare their dispo- This animal is greatly admired for the and descend in an oblique direction, and sition to place the emancipation of the beauty of its eyes, which are round and will often throw themselves down a deslave from bondage on measures which, sparkling, and strikingly indicative of the scent of thirty feet, striking the rock when disclosed, shall prove safe and liveliness of its habits and temperament. three or four times with their hind feet to satisfactory, and yet fear to propose any Its head is furnished with two small diminish their velocity, and will light scheme of emancipation whatever—the horns, rising from the forehead almost with perfect security on some excrescence other make no pledges, no promises, no between the eyes, of a beautiful black or fragment just large enough for their disclosures, neither fawn for favour nor colour, and terminating in so sharp a feet to rest upon. Their legs are formed deprecate opposition; but, placing their point that the mountaineers have been by nature for this arduous travelling, the measures on the ground that the Govern- known to bleed cattle with them. hind being rather longer than the fore legs, ment, recognizing the progress of civiliza- These creatures live in flocks of from and bending in such a manner, when they tion in the colonies, proceeds to discharge four to fourscore, which are, in a great light on them, as to break the force of its public duty by bringing legislation to measure, secured from danger by their their fall. its aid, submit boldly their propositions extraordinary powers of perception and The hunting of the chamois is very diffor the future government of those colo- communication. Its vision is remarkably ficult and dangerous. The most usual nies, with a view to the extinction of acute, and the scent so good that it can mode of killing them is by shooting them slavery, and carry them by a majority of discover the approach of a man at the from behind projecting rocks. In chasing 110 to 4 dissentient voices. The journals distance of a mile and a half. Upon them, however, the huntsman exposes say that the whole colonial retinue was the slightest danger being perceived by himself to greater peril; for if the animal mustered among the auditory in this im- one of the flock, he alarms the rest by finds itself too closely pressed, he will portant sitting of the 1st of March, but uttering a hissing noise, of the length of sometimes turn upon the hunter, and, that the announcement of the state of the one respiration, which is produced by ex- driving at him with his head, endeavour votes was received with high approbation pelling the air violently through the nose, to throw him down the nearest precipice. both in and out of the Chamber of Peers. and is heard at a great distance. After In this case the hunters find it safest imWhat a contrast is this with the paltering this alarm the animal again looks round, mediately to prostrate themselves, and and dishonesty of our Ministers—to the and, perceiving that his fears were not allow the goat to pass over them and promise to-day, and the hope deferred to-groundless, continues to hiss at intervals precipitate itself from the height.
to the assertion of the past I till he has spread the alarm to a great
may be a straw-built shed. Every wind of heaven may whistle round it. All the elements of nature may enter it; but the King cannot—the King dare not.”
Shortly after this period Sir William Pynsent, a man of considerable property, died, and, from his admiration of Mr. Pitt, disinherited his own relations, and made him heir to the bulk of his estate. It is a singular fact that a like circumstance had occurred to him in the earlier part of his life, the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough having bequeathed him £10,000 expressly for defending the laws of his country, and endeavouring to prevent its ruin. In 1766, the Rockingham ministry proving unable to maintain its ground, a new ministry was formed, and Mr. Pitt was made Lord Privy Seal.
At the same time he was created a peer, with the title of Earl of Chatham. He continued in office but a short time, resigning, for the last time, in 1768. He was at that time sixty years of age, and suffered dreadfully from gout, so as to be incapacitated for public business. He interfered, however, most strenuously against
the measures pursued by ministers in the THE EARL OF CHATHAM.
contest with America; and, after one of
his greatest efforts in a speech on this William Pirt, afterwards Earl of treasurer of Ireland, and, the same year, subject, he sank into the arms of his Chatham, was born November 15, 1708, treasurer, paymaster - general of the friends around him, and, being conveyed and educated at Eton, whence, in Ja- army, and a privy councillor. In 1755, home, survived but a few weeks. We nuary, 1726, he went as a gentleman thinking it necessary to make a strong cannot better close this sketch than with commoner to Trinity College, Oxford. opposition to the continental connexions some passages illustrative of the Earl of When he quitted the university he served then forming by the ministry, he re- Chatham's powers of oratory, which we for a time in the army; but his talents signed his place, and remained for some shall extract from Butler's Reminiscences. leading him more decisively to another time out of office. In December, 1756, “No person in his external appearfield of action, he entered on a political he was appointed secretary of state, from ance was ever more bountifully gifted by life, as member of parliament for the which the King removed him, but re- nature for an orator. In his look and borough of Old Sarum, in February, appointed him at the request of the na- his gesture, grace and dignity were com1735. In this situation his abilities were tion, conveyed by addresses to the throne. bined, but dignity presided; the ' terrors soon distinguished. It was on the occa- Mr. Pitt was now considered as prime of his beak, the lightning of his eye,' sion of the bill for registering seamen in minister, and the efficiency of his admi- were insufferable. His voice was both 1740, which he opposed as arbitrary and nistration was soon proved by the bril- full and clear; his lowest whisper was unjustifiable, that he made his celebra- liant successes which marked the period distinctly heard; his middle tones were ted reply to Mr. Horatio Walpole, who of it in all parts of the world. On the sweet, rich, and beautifully varied; when had attacked him on account of his accession of George the Third, however, he elevated his voice to its highest pitch, youth. “I will not undertake,” said being strongly opposed in his proposi- the house was completely filled with the Mr. Pitt, “ to determine whether youth tion to declare war against Spain, he re- volume of the sound. The effect was can be justly imputed to any man as a signed his office, and was followed, into awful, except when he wished to cheer reproach; but will affirm that the more private life, loaded with tributes of or animate; he then had spirit-stirring wretch who, after having seen the con- honour and respect. He did not enter, notes, which were perfectly irresistible. sequences of repeated errors, continues however, into the ranks of an undiscri- He frequently rose, on a sudden, from a still to blunder, and whose age has only minating opposition, but only came for- very low to a very high key, but it seemed added obstinacy to stupidity, is surely ward against measures which demanded, to be without effort. His diction was rethe object either of abhorrence or con- from the consistency of his character, a markably simple, but words were never tempt, and deserves not that his
decided resistance. One of these was chosen with greater care; he mentioned head should secure him from insults. the question of general warrants, the il to a friend of the Reminiscent, that he Much more is he to be abhorred who, legality of which he maintained with all had read twice, from beginning to end, as he has advanced in age, has receded the force of his genius and eloquence. A Bailey's Dictionary; and that he had from virtue, and becomes more wicked search or seizure of papers, without a perused some of Dr. Barrow's Sermons with less temptation – who prostitutes specific charge alleged, would be, he so often as to know them by heart. himself for money which he cannot en- contended, repugnant to every principle “On one occasion, Mr. Moreton, the joy, and spends the remains of his life in of liberty. The most innocent man could chief justice of Chester, a gentleman of the ruin of his country."
not be secure. “By the British consti- some eminence at the bar, happened to It was soon thought important to ob- tution,” he continued, “every man's say, King, lords, and commons, or,'— tain his co-operation with government, house is his castle. Not that it is sur-(directing his eye towards Lord Chatham), and in 1746 he was made joint vice- rounded with walls and battlements. It -as that right honourable member would
call them, commons, lords, and king.' | it may mark the commencement of a series relates to their work. All unnecessary conThe only fault of this sentence is its non
of steps which shall result in an entire reform versation is forbidden. Profane swearing is sense. "Mr. Pitt arose, as he ever did, of our criminal law. In this country, the never overlooked. A strict watch is kept that
minds of the benevolent have too long been no spirituous liquors may be introduced. Care with great deliberation, and called to or
interested in this great subject to but little is taken that all the prisoners have the benefit der : I have,' he said, “ heard frequently practical purpose. "We may, however, rejoice of religious instruction. The prison is accordin this house doctrines which have sur- in and take encouragement from the achieve ingly open at stated times to the pastors of the prised me; but now my blood runs cold! ments of benevolence elsewhere. In America, different religious denominations of the place. I desire the words of the honourable capital punishment is in a great measure un- And as the mind of man may be worked upon member may be taken down. The clerks known; and as we think it highly desirable by rewards as well as by punishments, a hope of the house wrote the words. “Bring of its inexpedieney, as well as its barbarity, we their confinement may be shortened by their
our own countrymen should be convinced is held out to the prisoners that the time of them to me,' said Mr. Pitt, in a voice of will extract from the writings of Mr. Clarkson good behaviour. For the inspectors, if they thunder. By this time Mr. Moreton was an account of the penal regulations in the have reason to believe that a solid reformation frightened out of his senses. Sir,' he state of Pennsylvania, illustrating the working has taken place in any individual, have a said, addressing himself to the Speaker, of an opposite system:
power of interceding for his enlargement; and 'I am sorry to have given any offence to “ As there is now but one capital offence in the executive government of granting it if they the right honourable member, or to the Pennsylvania, punishments for other offences think it proper. In cases where the prisoners house: I meant nothing. King, lords, are made up of fine, and imprisonment, and are refractory, they are usually put into soliand commons-lords, king, and com- | labour; and these are awarded separately or tary confinement, and deprived of the oppormons--commons, lords, and king-tria conjointly, according to the magnitude of the tunity of working. During this time the excrime.
penses of their board and washing are going juncta in uno. I meant nothing! In
“When criminals have been convicted, and on; so that they are glad to get into employdeed I meant nothing.' 'I don't wish
sent to the great gaol of Philadelphia to under- ment again, that they may liquidate the debt, to push the matter further," said Lord go their punishment, it is expected of them which, since the suspension of their labour, Chatham, in a voice a little above a that they should maintain themselves out of has been accruing to the gaol. whisper; then, in a higher tone, the their daily labour; that they should pay for “ In consequence of these regulations, they moment a man acknowledges his error, of their different implements of labour ; and hours of their labour, have more an idea of a
their board and washing, and also for the use who visit the criminals in Philadelphia, in the he ceases to be guilty. I have a great that regard for the honourable member; and, commitment, and of their prosecutions and nail-makers, sawyers, carpenters, joiners, wea
ey should defray the expenses of their large manufactory than of a prison. They see as an instance of that regard, I will give their trials. An account, therefore, is regularly vers, and others, all busily employed. They him this advice :-a pause of some mo- kept against them; and if, at the expiration see regularity and order among these. And ments ensued; then, assuming a look of of ihe term of their imprisonment, there should as no chains are to be seen in the prison, they unspeakable derision, he said, in a kind be a surplus of money in their favour, arising seem to forget their situation as criminals, and of colloquial tone-- Whenever that mem- out of the produce of their work, it is given to to look upon them as the free and honest
labourers of a community following their reber means nothing, I recommend him to them on their discharge.
“ An agreement is usually made about the spective trades. say nothing.'
price of prison-labour between the inspector of “ In consequence of these regulations, great * But the most extraordinary instance the gaol and the employers of the criminals.
advantages have arisen both to the criminals of his command of the house is the man- “ As reformation is now the great object in and to the state. The state has experienced a ner in which he fixed indelibly on Mr. Pennsylvania, where offences have been com- diminution of crimes to the amount of oneGrenville, the appellation of the Gentle mitted, it is of the first importance that the half since the change of the penal system; Shepherd.' At this time, a song of Dr. gaoler and the different inspectors should be and the criminals have been restored, in a Howard, which began with the words, religious advice, and humane
treatment, on nity, as reformed persons ; for few have been
persons of moral character. Good example, great proportion, from the gaol to the commuGentle shepherd, tell me where, -and the part of these, will have a tendency to pro- known to stay the whole term of their conin which each stanza ended with that duce attention, respect, and love, on the part finement. But no person could have had any line,---was in every mouth. On some oc- of the prisoners, and to influence their moral of his time remitted him, except he had been casion, Mr. Grenville exclaimed, “Where conduct. Hence it is a rule, never to be de- considered, both by the inspectors and the is our money ?-where are our means? parted from, that none are to be chosen as executive government, as deserving it. This I say again, where are our means ?- successors to these different officers but such as circumstance, of permission to leave the prison where is our money ?' then sat down, plary in their lives. shall be found on inquiry to have been exem- before the time expressed in the sentence, is of
great importance to the prisoners; for it opeand Lord Chatham paced slowly out of “ As reformation, again, is now the great ob- rates as a certificate for them of their amendthe house, humming the line, “Gentle ject, no corporeal punishment is allowed in the ment to the world at large. Hence no stigma shepherd, tell me where !' The effect prison, no keeper cau strike a criminal, nor can
is attached to them for having been the inbawas irresistible, and settled for ever on any criminal be put into irons. All such pu- bitants of a prison. It may be observed, also, Mr. Grenville the appellation of the nishments are considered as doing harm. They that some of the most orderly and industrious, Gentle Shepherd.'”
tend to extirpate a sense of shame. They tend and such as have worked at the most profitable to degrade a man, and to make him consider trades, have had sums of money to take on himself as degraded in his own eyes; whereas their discharge, by which they have been able
it is the design of this change in the penal to maintain themselves honestly till they could CRIMINAL LAW REFORM. system that he should be constantly looking get into employ; up to the restoration of his dignity as a man, of execution, of the penal laws of Pennsyl
“ Such was the state, and such the manner It will be interesting to most of the readers and to the recovery of his moral character. of The Tourist to learn that a bill is in pro
“As reformation, again, is now the great yania, as founded upon Quaker principles. So gress, to be brought forward in the House of object, the following system is adopted* : -No happy have the effects of this new system alCommons in the course of next month, for the intercourse is allowed between the males and ready been, that it is supposed it will be abolition of the punishment of death for the the females, nor any between the untried and adopted by the other American states. May crime of house-breaking. It may be well to the convicted prisoners. While they are en- the example be universally followed! May it explain, to such as may not be aware of the gaged in their labour, they are allowed to
be universally received as a truth, that true distinction, that this crime differs froin þur- talk only upon the subject which immediately policy is inseparable from virtue ; that, in proglary; it being necessary, to constitute bur
portion as principles become lovely on account glary, that the offence be committed by night. The measure will be introduced by Mr. Len-health with morals, the prisoners are obliged to
* As cleanliness is connected with health, and when acted upon, both to individuals and to
of their morality, they will become beneficial nard, member for Malden, on Tuesday, the wash and clean themselves every morning before states; or that legislators cannot raise a con16th of April. their work; and to bathe, in the summer season,
stitution upon so fair and firm a foundation as We sincerely wish success to this enlight- in a large reservoir of water, which is provided in upon the gospel of Jesus Christ !" ened and humane attempt, and we hope that the court-yard of the prison for this purpose.
BY AN EYE-WITNESS.
SLAVERY IN JAMAICA.
either attended a public meeting, or heard a lecture of West India slaves to factory children. The delivered on the subject. I was, in fact, one of enchanting scenery, and beautiful humming birds,
those individuals who believe that there is more no longer amused me ; and the thundering crack We cannot more effectually advance our Many a time I bad blamed such gentlemen as along, excited feelings of a very unpleasing des
real slavery in England than in any of her colonies. of the cart-whip, sounding in my ears as I rode object than by giving extensive circulation to Mr. Buxton, Dr. Lushington, and others, for mak. cription. a small pamphlet which has lately appeared ing so much ado in Parliament about colonial On reaching the estate, I was received in the under the title of “ Three Months in Jamaica slavery, and neglecting (as I conceived) the slavery most friendly manner by the overseer, and enterin 1832, comprising a Residence of Seven Weeks of the poor factory children at home, with whose lained with West Indian hospitality. This gen. on a Sugar Plantation ; by Henry Whitely. condition I was well acquainted, having been all tleman, after some inquiries as to the state of We know the author of this unassuming but my life resident in a manufacturing district, and things in England, began to enlarge on the commost effective publication; and can place the concerned, with some of my relatives, in the blan- fortable condition of the slaves ; and, pointing to fullest reliance on his integrity. He is a man
ket business, at Heckmondwike, near Leeds. What some negro coopers who were working in the yard, of unimpeachable honesty, and of Christian tended to confirm me much in these views was the asked if I could perceive any difference between principles. The situation which he held on lioration of Slavery, which I understood to have labourers. I owned I could not; they seemed to
perusał of the last Order in Council for the Ame- the condition of these slaves, and that of English New Ground estate, brought him into imune- been sent out for adoption in all our slave colonies. work with great regularity, and apparent good diate contact with the system. He saw it in A copy of this document had been sent by a mem- humour. all the nakedness of its atrocity, and has thus ber of parliament to the Central Committee at Immediately afterwards, the overseer called out, been ena ed to sketch it to the life. The veil Leeds on the Factory System, of which I was a a very authoritative tone, “Blow shell." A which conceals its deformity from others was member, in order to enable us to judge whether large conch shell was then blown by one of the withdrawn from before his eye, and he was the condition of the West India slaves or that of domestic slaves, and in a few minutes four negro permitted to penetrate its mysteries without the factory children was preferable ; and the con- drivers made their appearance in front of the suspicion or restraint. The details with which clusion which I came to upon its perusal, and house, accompanied by six common negroes. The he has supplied the public are adapted to
under the persuasion that it had been generally drivers had cach a long staff in his hand, and a increase a thousand-fold our abhorrence of adopted, was this—that, all things considered, the
large cart-whip coiled round his shoulders. They colonial slavery, and to confirm our previous pur- to that of the factory child. And with these im
condition of the negro slave was much preferable appeared to be very stout athletic men. They pose of effecting its immediate abolition. The pressions I landed at St. Ann's Bay, in Jamaica.
stood before the hall-door, and tire overseer put
on his hat, and went out to them, while I sat at essential viciousness of the system is such as
The day that I landed I was informed, by a the open window and observed the scene which to preclude the possibility of improvement, and clerk of the manager's, that a horse would be sent followed—having been informed that the other six to determine us on rejecting every compromise down from New Ground estate for me next morn. negroes were to be punished. which a temporizing policy may propose. We ing; and that I would have to remain on that When the overseer went out, the four drivers are glad to find that Mr. Whitely's pamphlet is estate till I heard from the manager, or attorney gave him an account, on notched tallies, of their published in a very cheap form, for gratuitous of the proprietors, who was then at his own pro- half-day's work; and received fresh orders. The distribution, and would recommend its circula- perty, about sixteen miles from the Bay.
overseer then asked a few questions of the drivers tion to our friends. As its limits are very board the vessel' I arrived in, in company with
The same day, I dined at St. Ann's Day, on respecting the offences of the six slaves brought up brief, we propose inserting the whole in two or
for punishment. No question was asked of the three of our numbers.
several colonists, among whom was Mr. Hamilton culprits themselves, nor was any explanation
Brown, representative for the parish of St. Ann, waited for. Sentence was instantly pronounced, The reasons that have induced me, after mature in the Colonial Assembly. Some reference having and instantly carried into execution. reflection, to lay before the public the following been made to the new Order in Council, I was The first was a man of about thirty-five years of account of what I witnessed in Jamaica, during rather startled to hear that gentleman swear by his age. He was what is called a pen-keeper, or catmy late visit, are briefly these :
Maker that that Order should never be adopted in tle. herd; and his offence was having suffered a Ist. I feel it due to my own character, unim- Jamaica ; nor would the planters of Jamaica, he mule to go astray. At the command of the overportant as is my station in society, to detail, for said, permit the interference of the Home Govern- seer he proceeded to strip off part of his clothes, the information of many friends who have kindly ment with their slaves in any shape. A great and laid himself flat on his belly, his back and interested themselves in my welfare, the circum- deal was said by him and others present about the buttocks being uncovered. One of the drivers stances that led to my return home so unexpectedly, happiness and comfort enjoyed by the slaves, and then commenced flogging him with the cart-whip. and after so short a residence. 2ndly. I feel it of the many advantages possessed by them of This whip is about ten feet long, with a short due to my fellow-men-to my countrymen in which the poor in England were destituie. Among stout handle, and is an instrument of terrible power, England, and to their fellow-subjects in Jamaica other circumstances mentioned in proof of this, It is whirled by the operator round his head, and -o state, without reserve and without exaggera- Mr. Robinson, a wharfinger, stated that a slave in then brought down with a rapid motion of the arm tion, the facts which there fell under my observa- that town had sent out printed cards to invite a upon the recumbent victim, causing the blood to tion. Lastly, I feel it to be a religious duty--a pariy of his negro acquaintance to a supper party. spring at every stroke. When I saw this spectaduty to God as well as to man (since Providence, One of these cards was handed to Mr. Tamilton cle, now for the first time exhibited before my by means so unforeseen, and at so eventful a Brown, who said he would present it to the Go- eyes, with all its revolting accompaniments, and juncture, has placed me in circumstances that vernor, as a proof of the comfortable condition of saw the degraded and mangled victim writhing render my humble testimony of some immediate the slave population. This, and other circum- and groaning under the infliction, I felt horrorvalue), to give my plain and deliberate testimony stances then mentioned, tended to confirm the struck! I trembled, and turned sick; but, being respecting the character of the system which I notions I had brought from England respecting determined to see the whole to an end, I kept my found in operation in that colony, In performing slavery in Jamaica ; and although I was somewhat station at the window. The sufferer, writhing like this task, I am aware that I shall inevitably give shocked and staggered by seeing, the same day, a wounded worm, every time the lash cut across some offence, and awaken some hostility; but, the Methodist chapel at St. Ann's Bay lying in his body, cried out, “ Lord ! Lord ! Lord !" When constrained as I am by considerations which I ruins, as it had been destroyed by the whites six he had received about twenty lashes, the driver DARE not disregard, and avoiding, as I shall care- months before, and by learning that the mission-stopped to pull up the poor man's shirt (or rather fully do, all disclosures but such as are requisite aries were no longer permitted to preach in that smock frock) which had worked down upon his to authenticate the facts and develop the system, parish, I nevertheless left the place next morning galled posteriors. The sufferer then cried, “ Think I will not finch from whatever responsibility the with my favourable impressions respecting the me no man? Think me no man?" By that experformance of my duty involves, however painful condition of the slaves not materially abated. clamation I understood him to say, you
I in some instances it may be to others as well as to These impressions, however, I was not permitted have not the feelings of a man?" The flogging myself. long to indulge.
was instantly recommenced and continued; the I arrived in Jamaica on the 3rd of Seplember, I proceeded on horseback to New Ground es. negro continuing to cry, “Lord ! Lord! Lord !" 1832. I was sent out by a respectable West tate the next day. On my way thither, I saw till thirty-nine lashes had been inflicted. When India house in London, under the patronage of a much majestic and beautiful scenery, and enjoyed the man to:e up from the ground, I perceived the relative of mine, who is a partner in that house; the prospect exceedingly, until I caine in sight of blood oozing out from the lacerated and tumefied being furnished with a recommendation to their a gang of negroes at work. Most of them were parts where he had been fogged; and he appeared acting attorney in the island, with a view to be females; and they were superintended by a driver, greatly exhausted. But he was instantly ordered either employed in a store, or as a book-keeper with the cart-whip in his hand. Just as I rode off to his usual occupation. upon a plantation.
past, the driver cracked his whip, and cried out, The next was a young man apparently about Previously to my arrival in Jamaica, I had no clear Work! work!” They were manuring the canes, eighteen or nineteen years of age. He was forced conception of the nature of colonial slavery; and my and carrying the manure in baskets on their heads. to uncover himself and lie down in the same mode as anticipations, in regard to the treatment and condi- | It appeared to me disgustingly dirty work; for the the former, and was held down by the hands and tion of the slaves, were favourable rather than other moisture from the manure was dripping through feet by four slaves, one of whom was a young man wise. It so happened, that, excepting what I had the baskets, and running down the bodies of the who was himself to be flogged next. This latter seen in newspapers, I had never read a single negroes. This sight annoyed me considerably, and was a mulatto-the offspring, as I understood, of publication against colonial slavery, and had never raised some doubts as to the preferable condition some European formerly on the estate by a negro
woman, and consequently born to slavery. These And, gazing on from pole to pole,
severity of the spasms and cramps, and a third dose of the Sees other worlds besides its own;
same pills, next day, restored her to health. two youths were flogged exactly in the mode al.
With gratitude to Mr. Morison, and all of the College of ready described, and writhed and groaned under Thine is the soft, the placid hour,
Health, the lash, as if enduring great agony. The mulatto And hearts at rest shall linger still,
I remain, dear Sir, yours truly,
JUAN BALEY. bled most, and appeared to suffer most acutely. To bless thy bloom, meek, modest flower,
Wiittlesea, Cambridgeshire, Oct. 3, 1832. They received each thirty-nine lashes. Their And bid thee bourgeon at thy will.
P.S.-Mr. Anthony, Agent at Wisbeach, inforins me of offence was some deficiency in the performance of What though the azure dove hath sung
“two females that were attacked with the cholera ; one of
them took the Universals,' in strong doses, and was well the task prescribed to them. They were both
Its requiem to the setting sun,
after a few doses ; the other took five pills, and wonld not ordered to join their gang as usual in the afternoon
And cliff and mountain glen have rung take any more, but would have a medical attendant : tbe at cane-cutting
With farewell songs, since day is done : conseqnence was, she was bad for three weeks, and at the Two young women of about the same age were,
present time is not able to walk about." What though the humming bird hath left
It is quite amusing to bear, at the different places where one after the other, then laid down and held by
The closing flower of day, nor turns I have been, how the doctors try to bias the publie mind four men, their back parts most indecently unco. To cull one kiss from thee, bereft
by the trumpery tales of "poison," “bread crninbs," some vered, and thirty-nine lashes of the blood-stained
And darkly lone like one that mourns,
of one thing, some another, and some of all inanner of whip inflicted upon each
things! but the mystery is, they cannot say the right poor creature's posteriors. Yet shall the mock-bird linger still
thing; or if they could, it would not pay them to act upon Their exclamation likewise was, " Lord ! Lord !
Upon its old accuston'd tree,
it. Say, however, all they can, invent and do all they Lord !” They seemed also to suffer acutely, and And chaunt its sweetest, wildest trill,
can, the world is awake, and the public will have “ Mori
son's Pills." were apparently a good deal lacerated. Another And latest song, lone flower, for thee.
am, Gentlemen, yours, &c. woman (the sixth offender) was also laid down
Pale blossom of the poet's star,
Cambridge, Oct. 4th, 1832.
THOXAS EARL. and uncovered for the lash, but, at the interces
Emblem of meekness and of tears,
To Mr. Shephard, sion of one of the drivers, she was reprieved. The
Sir,-With grateful feelings I acknowledge the cure
As o'er the tremulous waters far offence of these three women was similar to that
wrought on me by your invaluable medicines in that The crescent moon in light appears,
dreadful disease, the Cholera Morbus. I was seized with of the two young men—some defalcation in the
I hail thee with a heart that feels
the cramp, had an excessive discharge froin the bowels, amount of labour.
A darkened fata allied to thine ;
violent retchings, agonizing pain, with a violent heaving The overseer stood by and witnessed the whole
of the breast. The doctors declared that I shonld not live
For the chill wind that o'er thee steals of this cruel operation, with as much seeming in
five minutes, a mortification having taken place; and, had difference as if he had been paying them their
Is cold as friendship's hand to mine. it not been for the prompt attendance of your worthy The night hath shed its dews for thee,
agent, Mr. Black, I could not possibly have survived. He wages. I was meanwhile perfectly unmanned
immediately administered the medicine in powerful doses by mingled horror and pity. Yet I have no reason
Thy How'ret with its tears are wet, - of nine pills, and by a quick operation of which the pain to believe that the natural feelings of this young
And I, too, feel mine hours to be
and sickness left. With thanks to Almighty God, the disman (whose age did not exceed twenty-four years)
Like thine, the gloom when suns are set.
penser of every blessing, I ackuowledge yonr invaluable
medicines had the desired effect. were less humane or sensitive than my own. But
I am, yours respectfully, such is the callousness which constant familiarity ABOLITION OF SLAVERY.
Chapel-street, Berwick, Oct. 3, 1832. with scenes of cruelty engenders. He had been T a very numerous and important GENERAL
CAUTION TO THE PUBLIC. a book-keeper, for four years previously, on ano. ther estate belonging to the same proprietors, and and of the friends of their canse, held at Exeter Hall, on MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES had been appointed overseer to this estate only a
Tuesday, April 2nd, 1833, the Right Hon. LORD SUFFIELD having superseded the use of almost all the Patent Me
in the chair, the following Resolutions (the principles of dicines which the wholesale venders have foisted upon few months before. His reception of me when I
which were earnestly supported by the gentlemen who the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many arrived was so kind, frank, and cordial, that I moved and seconded them) were unanimonsly adoptel :- years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establishe could not have believed him, had I not seen it Moved by T. F. Buxton, M.P., and seconded by à fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of
Joseph John Gurney, Esq., with my own eyes, to be capable of inflicting such
competition, have plunged into the mean expedient of poff
That this Meeting is deliberately and decidedly of opi ing up a "Dr. Morrison" (observe the subterfuge of the cruelty on a fellow-creature. nion that the slaves of the British colonies have an on
donble r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a As soon as this scene was over, the overseer doubted and indefeasible right to their freedom, withont
“Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express came into the hall, and asked me to drink some delay and without condition. At the same time, this meet- purpose (by means of this forged imposition upon the pub
ing cheerf consent, when this debt of justice has rum and water with him. I told him I was sick,
lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL been fully paid, to promote such fair measures of relief to MEDICINES" of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OF and could taste nothing: that I was, in fact, over- the West Indian planters as may be deemed needful by HEALTH.” whelmed with horror at the scene I had just witParliament.
KNOW ALI Men, then, that this attempted delusion
Moved by Earl Fitzwilliam, and seconded by the Rev. nessed. He said it was not a pleasant duty cer
must fall under the fact, that (however specious the preJ. W. Cunningham,
tence), none can be held gennine by the College but those tainly, but it was an indispensable one ; and that That this Meeting, in common with the public at large, which have “Morison's Universal Medicines impressed I would soon get used, as others did, to such looks forward with intense anxiety, though with confident upon the Government Stamp attached to each box and spectacles. I asked if he found it necessary to
hope, to the development of the "safe and satisfactory' packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the
plan for the Abolition of Slavery, which his Majesty's land. inflict such punishments frequently. He replied Ministers have declared their intention of disclosing to The “Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be had at it was uncertain : I may not,” he said, Parliament on the 23rd of April.
the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the to do it again this month, or I may have to do it Moved by Lord Morpeth, and seconded by George Surrey Branch, 96, Great Sarrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, Air
Strickland, Esq., M.P.,
street, Quadrant; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Mr. again to-morrow.”
That being deliberately convinced that immediate and
Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; Mr. (To be Continued.)
complete emancipation (as explained in a paper already J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-gardenissued by the Society) is not only clearly demanded by the
market; Mr. Haydon's, Hleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate; solemn obligations of religion and justice, but is also most Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratcliffe-highway; Messrs. Norbury's,
consistent with sound policy, and will best promote the LA BELLE DE NUIT.
Brentford; Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market; Messrs. Salmon, prosperity of the slave colonies and the safety of all parties, Little Bell-alley: Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commer
this Meeting strongly deprecates any partial, or imperfect, cial-road; Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mrs. BY A WEST INDIAN.
or protracted plan, as likely to fail in its object, and to Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-mall; Mrs. Pippen's, 18 This poetical name is given, in the French prove highly mischievous in its results.
Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New West India islands, to the Marvel of Peru,” the
Moved by the Rev. John Burnet, seconded by Henry Trinity-grounds, Deptford ; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr.
Pownall, Esq., and supported by G. Stephen, Esq., Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth; Mr. Paype, & mirabilis jalupa of the botanists. In the English That Petitions, founded on the foregoing resolutions, be Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hair-dresser, Caraibean Isles, it is known by the appellation of presented to both Honses of Parliament.
Richmond; Mr. Meyar, 3, May's-bnildings, Blackheath; “the night primrose,” and in Jamaica by that of
Moved by Lord Milton, secondled by William Smith, Mr. Griffiths, Wood-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Corn
Esq., and supported by Dr. Lushington, M.P., " the four o'clock," from the hour at which it
wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street,
That the cordial thanks of this meeting be given to the Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vauxhall; Ms. J. begins to expand its blossoms to the evening dews, Right Hon. Lord Suffield, for his conduce in the chair. Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Ronau's, or to close them to the morning sun-light.
Thomas PrixGLE, Secretary. Deptford ; Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Parfitt,
96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsmouth-place, KenningOh! faithful to the darkling hour
Just Published, in 8vo., price Is.,
ton-lanc; Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditch; Mr. When the last sunbeam's on the sea, BSERVATIONS on IMPEDIMENTS of T. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr
R. G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lane, St. Luke's; Mr. S. And evening dews fall on the flower, And mountain winds breathe o'er the lea;
J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; Mr. Letter addressed to T. J. PETTIGREW, Esq., F.R.S., &c. T. Gardner, 05, Wood-street, Cheapside, and 9, Norton In that soft time when whisper'd love &c. By RICHARD CULL.
falgate ; Mr.J. Williamson, 15, Scabright-place, Hackney, Finds rapture in its favourite bower,
Renshaw and Rush, 356, Strand.
road; Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and The pale blue star, that shines above
Homerton; Mr. H. Cox, grocer, 16, Union-street, BishopsBRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S gate-street: Mr. T. Walter, cheesemonger, 67, Hoxton Old So coldly from its western tower,
Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great Brings more of joy, lone flower, to thee,
CROSS, NEW ROAD, LONDON.
Britain, the Islands of Gnernsey and Malta; and through Adorer of the silent night,
out the whole of the United States of America, Than brighter skies to those that be MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE N. B. The College will not be answerable for the cor
sequences of any medicines sold by any chymnist or draggist, Companions of the gairish light.
as none such are allowed to sell the “ Universal Media Mr. Earl,
cines.' Thine is the dewy drop that falls,
Sir,-My wif was suddenly seized with cramps in the Like Pity's tear for those that grieve, body, legs, and hands, and exhibited all the symptoins The voice,
when life with sorrow palls, usually attending what the doctors call Cholera Morbus. Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published That bids the heart rejoice and live;
Satisfied that anequivocal power and efficacy was to be by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster 'Thine is the silence, when the soul found only in the “Universal Medicines," I immediately
Row, where all Advertisements and Communihad recourse to them; gave her ten pills of No. 2; in two Communes in secret and alone,
hours, len inore ; when powerful evacuations reduced the cations for the Editor are to be addressed.