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.contact of each other. But, if the solitude and I SCENERY, &c., IN ABYSSINIA. “During the three weeks we staid at Chestillness of the streets impressed the mind with

No. II.

licut,” Mr. Salt adds, “I spent a great part of awe, there was something yet more appalling

each day with the Ras, being allowed free in the sounds which occasionally burst on the In our former notice of Abyssinia we have access to his presence, through a private door ear: At one moment were heard the ravings given some rapid sketches of the scenery,-its communicating between the gardens of our of delirium, or the wail of woe, from the in mountains and plains, its rivers, its cultivated respective liabitations; on these occasions I fected dwelling: at another, the merry song, | fields, its deserts and forests; we propose now | generally found him engaged in the adminisor the loud and careless laugh, issuing from to present a few traits of its different inhabi- tration of justice, or in receiving chieftains, the wassailers at the tavern, or the inmates of tants, and, in a succeeding number, to detail | and ladies of consequence, who came from the brothel. Men became so familiarized with some particulars of the Christianity of the distant parts of the country, to pay their duty ; the form, that they steeled their feelings country.

| and, when otherwise unemployed, invariably against the terrors, of death. They waited each It was not possible in the distracted state of occupied in playing at chess, a game to which

It was not possible in the distracted state for his turn with the resignation of the Chris- | the empire, owing to the civil dissensions which he appeared greatly devoted.” tinn or the indifference of the stoic. Some had reigned there for some years, for Mr. Salt! The Ras's wife, Ozoro Mantwab, was sister devoted themselves to exercises of piety; others to reach the city of Gondar; he contented of the emperor ; her person was what might sought relief in the riot of dissipation, and the himself, therefore, with depositing, into the | in any country have been esteemed handsome; recklessness of despair.

hands of the Ras Welled Selassé, the presents her form, though small, was very elegant; her September came; the heat of the atmo intended for the reigning sovereign, and, after features were regular; her teeth were fine ; sphere began to abate; but, contrary to ex reaching Antalo, to return again to the coast, and her hair was raven black. Such is a pectation, the mortality increased. Formerly, a with a view of departing from the country. description of the highest personages of the hope of recovers might be indulged; now, in-1 Welled Selassé, who held the high posts of | court of Ethiopia. Such the last faint traces fection was the certain harbinger of death, Ras, and Betwudet of the empire-the last of that celebrated queen of Sheba who trawhich followed, generally, in the course of office somewhat analogous to that which Pha- velled to Jerusalem * to prove Solomon with three days. often within the space of twenty-| raoh conferred on Joseph, when he set him as hard questions.” Such the shadow of the four hous. The privy council ordered an “Lord over his house”-was a person of sin- / mysterious Prester John, the monarch of all the experiment to be tried, which was grounded | gular energy of character. In the time of wonderful tales of the middle age, and the on the practice of former times. To dissipate Mr. Bruce (1770) he was a young man of some object of doubt and curiosity to all its wonderthe pestilential miasm, fires of sea-coal, in the consequence about the court; but the situa-| loving travellers. The Abyssinians, however, proportion of one fire to every twelve houses, tion which led to his greatness, as, virtually, | retain with much pride the traditions of their were kindled in every street, court, and alley of the governing prince of Abyssinia, was that of early relation with ihe « chosen city of God.” London and Westminster. They were kept | Balgudda, or protector of the salt caravans, | its temple, and its adoration,—from the time burning three days and nights, and were at which come up from the plains of Assa Durwa, of Solomon to the period of the ministry of last extinguished by a heavy and continuous -an office conferring considerable consequence the apostles, when the “Eunuch of great aufall of main. The next bill exhibited a consi- on the possessor, from the assessment of duties, I thority under Candace, queen of the Ethiopians, derable reduction in the amount of deaths; , and the power he possesses of withholding / who had the charge of all her treasure, came and the survivors congratulated each other on this article of consumption, as well as barter, 1 to Jerusalem to worship.” Though they call the cheering prospect. But the cup was soon from the interior provinces. After a series

from the interior provinces. After a series of themselves Itiopiawan, and their country dashed from their lips; and in the following vicissitudes, and a life of predatory warfare, Itiopia, they prefer the names of Agazian for week more than ten thousand victims, a num in the fastnesses of those plains, maintained the people, and Agzi for the kingdom, from ber liitherto unknown, sunk under the aug with Ras Michael, the old Lion," as he the term Axgagee, said by the early writers to mented violence of the disease. Yet even now, was emphatically called in the country, signify “the Lord of Riches.” Even to the time when hope had yielded to despair, their deli he raised himself to the high situation of of the Portuguese travellers the stories told by verance was at hand. The high winds which governor of all the provinces eastward of the them of the immense wealth of the Abyssinian usually accompany the autumnal equinox, Tacassé. Here he espoused the cause of monarch's tributary kings far surpass belief. cooled and purified the air; the fever, though | Ayto Solomon, and of Tecla Georgis, his Down to a recent period, a body of Jews called equally contagious, assumed a less malignant brother, who successively filled the throne of Falasjas (or the exiled), remained for ages in form, and its ravages were necessarily more Gondar, by both which emperor's he was no- | the province of Samee, supposed by some to confined, from the diminution of the population minated Ras, and Betwudet of Abyssinia. have been a portion of the lost ten tribes of on which it had hitherto fed. The weekly The duties of the Ras's situation, who may Israel. Their kiugs always bore the name of burials successively decreased from thousands be regarded as an independent ruler, are ex- | Gideon, and their queens that of Judith. Their to hundreds: and, in the beginning of Decem- | tremely arduous. Throughout the extensive dynasty becoming extinct, they are now scatber, seventy-three parishes were pronounced district under “his personal jurisdiction," all tered through the Abyssinian dominions. They clear of the disease. The intelligence was crimes, differences, and disputes, of however speak Hebrew, or, at the least, Gheez, a dialect hailed with joy by the emigrants, who returned important or trifling a nature, are ultimately of the Arabian language, and are the mein crowds to take possession of their homes, referred to his determination; all rights of chanics of the towns. and resume their ustial occupations : in Febru- | inheritage are decided according to his will ; | The journey which we gave in a preceding ary, the court was once more fixed at White and most wars are carried on by himself in number, related to Mr. Salt's progress through hali and the nobility and gentry followed the person. To rule a savage people, of so many the interior, in the month of March. In the footsteps of the sovereign. Thouglı more than different dispositions, manners, and usages, as month of April he pursued his travels through one hundred thousand individuals are said to the Abyssinians, requires a firmness of mind | the vale of Chelicut, traversing, at Cali, an have perished, yet, in a short time, the chasm and a vigour of constitution rarely united in / uncultivated country, abounding in wild aniin the population was no longer discernible. the same individual, at his advanced age; mals. The scenery was similar to that so The plaque continued indeed to linger in par- | yet," whenever,” says Mr. Salt, “I have seen | frequently described about the Cape of Good ticular spots, but its terrors were forgotten or him in the exercise of his power, he has shown Hope,-broad expanses of brushwood, beyond despised; and the streets, so recently aban- | a vivacity of expression, a quickness of com which the tops of distant mountains rose, the doned by the inhabitants, were again thronged prehension, and a sort of commanding energy, / space between them being like immeasurable with multitudes in the eager pursuit of profit, that overawed all who approached him. chasms. At Werketavé he came among the or pleasure, or crime.-Lingard's History of During his continuance in power he has made Agows, one of the many subdivisions of peoEngland.

it his uniform practice to treat the different ple speaking a distinct language, so peculiar attempts at rebellion with perfect indifference, to Ethiopia that from thence the Arabs were

-after a second attempt against his life, by the led to call the country Abeshin, which signifies same persons, he has been known to pardon, “a mixed people," the source of the geogra

and even to permit the parties convicted to phical term of Abyssinia,-a name not at all THE IDOL.

attend about his court, priding himself parti- admitted by the natives.

cularly on having never been guilty of the WHATEVER passes as a cloud between

cruelties of Ras Michael,-no provocation inThe mental eye of faith, and things unseen,

("To be Continued.) Causing that brighter world to disappear,

ducing him to cut off a limb, put out an eye,' | Or seem less lovely, and its hopes less dear,

or commit any other of the atrocious acts This is our world, our idol, though it bear

which stained the character of that extraorAffection's impress, or devotion's air.

dinary leader.

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was taken with the cramp all over, and violent pain, and
shaking, that the room, as well as the bed, shook, attended
with voiniting and purging.. I gave her six pills, No. 2,
which bad some effect. Next day you, worthy Sir, ordered
ten, which had their desired effect, and, by taking a few
boxes is perfectly well; so I ascribe to Morison's Pils »
an instrument under God the means of saving tbe life of
my wife and daughter.

William MAYES, Basket-balet.
East Road, Cambridge, Oct. 6, 1832.
P.S.-If requested, oath will be made to the above

Cure of Dropsy.
To Mr. Borlase,
Sir,-For the great benelit I have received from the ose
of “Morison's Universal Medicines;" I am bound in
titude to return my thanks for the blessing of a restoration
to health, at a time when I was in despair of a recovery.
For the encouragement and good of my fellow-sufferers, 1
beg you will pnblish these simple facts :-Distracted with
violent pains in my stomach and right side for the last

Iwelve months, I had been under three different doctors THE GENET.

during six of these months-was treated for a liver afection—took a great quantity of their medicine, to po eartbly

purpose of good, but, on the contrary, getting daily worse The genet is one of the most beautiful | sides of the neck, and the limbs, are and worse, until a fresh attack took place of a Dropsy in

the lower limbs, and my legs and feet were swollen to 28 animals of the genus to which it belongs. spotted in a proportionably smaller pat- enormous's

Fortunately, in June last, I went to a shoeinaker, in It is about the size of a small cat, but is tern than the body, and the tail is annu

Ann-street, to get something large made for my feet; of a longer form, with short legs, a sharp-lated with black. The genet is an animal when he told me to apply to you immediately for some of

the “ Universal Medicines," knowing they would cost pointed snout, upright ears, slightly point-of a mild disposition, and easily tamed.

me, which I did, and am grateful in stating that, by per

severing daily according to your instructions for four ed, and a very long tail. The colour of It is a native of the western parts of

months, I am perfectly cured of my dropsical, liver, and the genet is commonly a pale, reddish Asia, but is also said to be found in

stomach affections,

I am, Sir, most respectfully yonrs, &c., grey, with a black or dusky line running Spain. A warm climate, however, seems

ELLEN STEWAR. along the back, where the hair is rather necessary to its health. In Constanti No. 79, North Queen Street, Belfast.

October 22, 1832. longer than on the other parts, and forms nople these animals are domesticated the appearance of a very slight mane. like the cat, and are said to be more CAUTION TO THE PUBLIC. Along the sides of the body run several effectual in clearing houses of rats and MORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES

having superseded the use of almost all the Patent Me rows of roundish black spots; the cheeks, mice.

dicines which the wholesale venders have foisted npor the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establisb. a fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of

competition, have plunged into the mean expedient of poffANECDOTE OF MERCIER ST. LEGER. | the number of devoted victims! That sight

ing up a “Dr. Morrison" (observe the snbterfuge of the

double r), a being who never existed, as prescribing a cost him his life. A sudden horror, followed « Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express Tue Abbé Mercier St. Leger was the head by alternate shiverings and flushings of heat,

purpose (by means of this forged imposition upon the pub librarian and great living ornament of the

lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL

MEDICINES" of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OF Library of St. Genevieve, Paris, some fifty years

hung upon his brow. He was carried into the HEALTH." ago; he was one of the most learned biblio

house of a stranger. His utterance became KNOW ALL Mex, then, that this attempted derasion graphers of France, and as meek and amiable

must fall under the fact, that (however specions the prefeeble and indistinct, and it seemed as if the

tence), none can be held genuine by the College but those as he was learned. His heart was yet more | hand of death were already upon him.

which have “Morison's Universal Medicines impressed admirable than his head.

Yet he rallied awhile; his friends came to

upon the Government Stamp attached to each box and But the Revolution was now fast approach

packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the soothe him ; hopes were entertained of a rapid

Jand. ing, and the meek spirit of Mercier could ill

The “ Vegetable Universal Medicines" are to be had a sustain the shock of such a frightful calamity.

the College, New Road, King's Cross, London; at the Besides, he loved his country yet dearer than

Surrey Branch, 90, Great Surrey-street; Mr. Field's, 16, AN

street, Quadrant ; Mr. Chappell's, Royal Exchange; Nr. his books. His property became involved, his

Walker's, Lamb's-conduit-passage, Red-lion-square; N. income regularly diminished, and even his

J. Loft's, Mile-end-road; Mr. Bennett's, Covent-garlesprivacy was invaded. In 1792, a decree passed

market: Mr. Haydon's, Fleur-de-lis-court, Norton-falgate;

Mr. Haslet's, 147, Ratcliffe-highway ; Messrs. Norbnsy's, the convention for issuing a commission for the

Brentford : Mrs. Stepping, Clare-market: Messrs. Salnos, kamination of monuments.. Mercier was ap- the 13th of May, 1799. What he left behind

Little Bell-alley : Miss Varai's, 24, Lucas-street, Commerpointed one of the thirty-three members of

cial-road: Mrs. Beech's, 7, Sloane-square, Chelsea; Mrs. as annotations, both in separate papers and Chapple's, Royal Library, Pall-inall; Mrs. Pippen's, is, which the commission was composed, and the on the margins of books, is prodigious.--Dr.

Wingrove-place, Clerkenwell; Miss C. Atkinson, 19, New famous Barrère was also of the number. Bar

Trinity-grounds, Deptford ; Mr. Taylor, Hanwell; Mr. Dibdin's Tour in France and Germany.

Kirtlam, 4, Bolingbroke-row, Walworth ; Mr. Payne, GA, rère, fertile in projects, however visionary and

Jermyn-street; Mr. Howard, at Mr. Wood's, hair-dresses, destructive, proposed to Mercier, as a bright

Richinond; Mr. Mevar, 3, May's-bnildings, Blackheath; BRITISH COLLEGE OF HEALTH, KING'S thought, “ to make a short extract from every

Mr. Griffiths, Woorl-wharf, Greenwich ; Mr. Pitt, 1, Cors

wall-road, Lambeth; Mr. J. Dobson, 35, Craven-street, book in the National Library; to have these


Strand; Mr. Oliver, Bridge-street, Vanxhall; Mr. J. extracts superbly printed by Didot; and to

Monck, Bexley Heath; Mr. T. Stokes, 12, St. Roman's MORISON'S UNIVERSAL VEGETABLE

Deptford : Mr. Cowell, 22, Terrace, Pimlico; Mr. Partitt, burn all the books from which they were taken.

96, Edgware-road; Mr. Hart, Portsinouth-place, Kepning. It never occurred to this revolutionising idiot


ton-lane: Mr. Charlesworth, grocer, 124, Shoreditcı; Nr. that there might be a thousand copies of the

Inveterate Constipation Overcome.

R, G. Bower, grocer, 22, Brick-lage, St. Luke's; Nr. S.

J. Avila, pawnbroker, opposite the church, Hackney; Mr same work, and that some hundreds of these To Mr. Earl,

J. S. Briggs, 1, Brunswick-place, Stoke Newington; Mr. Sir, -Abont the latter end of July, or beginning of | T. Gardner, 95, Wood-street, Cheapside, and 9, NortonAngust, we went to see our daughter at Huntingdon, not

falgate ; Mr. J. Williamson, 15, Seabright-place, HackneyOf course Mercier laughed at the project, and knowing she was ill; but when we arrivell we found her

road: Mr. J. Osborn, Wells-street, Hackney road, and made the projector ashamed of it. Robes very ill, and her life was despaired of; she had been ill

Homerton; Mr. H. Cos, grocer, 16, Union-street, Birbop three weeks, and could get nothing through her, though all pierre, rather fiend than man, now ruled the

gate-street; Mr. T. Walter, cheesemonger, 67, Hoxtou OM medical assistance had been triedl. She had taken great

Town; and at one agent's in every principal town in Great destinies of France. On the 7th of July, 1794, quantities of castor-oil and other medicine they thought fit

Britain, the Islands of Guernsey and Malta; and through to prescribe, but all in vain. Knowing by experience the Mercier happened to be passing along the

ont the whole of the United States of America. efficacy or Morison's pills, I persuaded her to take them, N. B. The College will not be answerable for the constreets, when he saw sixty-seren human beings telling her the effect they had had on her sister ; she con

sequences of any medicines sold by any chymist or drnggist, about to undergo the butchery of the guillo sented, and got a box of No. 2, and took six; and in about

as none such are allowed to sell the “Universal Metsthree hours they found a passage through, and the pain cines." tine. Every avenue was crowded by specta

abated. Next morning she took ten, and they had the tors, who were hurrying towards the horrid desired effect, by thoroughly cleansing her, that she went

to sleep for sone time. The neighbours and her husband spectacle. Mercier was carried along by the

said her father had persuaded her to take Morison's Pills, Printed by J. HADDON and Co.; and Published torrent; but, having just strength enough to and she was dying, for they had killed her; but, blessed

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster raise his head, he looked up, and beheld his

be God! she awoke, and had lost all pain, and asked for
a piece of meat to be broiled, wbich she ate ; and by

Row, where all Advertisements and Communi old and intimate friend the ex-abbé Roger in taking a few boxes of the pills is perfectly well, My wife cations for the Editor are to be addressed.



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ARCHES on arches! as it were that Rome, 1 Such is the last and noblest monument | even for a Roman emperor. The Co-
Collecting the chief trophies of her line,
Would build up all her triumphs in one dome,

of Roman grandeur and of Roman erime; | liseum, owing to the solidity of its mateHer Coliseum stands; the moonbeams shine

the scene of the greatest magnificence rials, survived the era of barbarism, and As 'twere its natural torches, for divine

and of the greatest barbarity which the was so perfect in the thirteenth century Should be the light which streams here, to world ever witnessed: the stupendous that games were exhibited in it, not for illume fabric

the amusement of the Romans only, but of This long explored but still exhaustless mine Of contemplation; and the azure gloom “Which on its public shows unpeopled Rome,

all the nobility of Italy. The destruction of an Italian night, where the deep skies assume And held uncrowded nations in its womb;" — of this wonderful edifice is to be ascribed Hues which have words, and speak to ye of the rendezvous where eighty-seven thou- to causes more active, in general, in the heaven,

sand Romans met together to give the erection than in the demolition of magniFloats o'er this vast and wondrous monument, last touch of degradation to their national ficent

last touch of degradation to their national ficent buildings — to taste and vanity. And shadows forth its glory. There is given Unto the things of earth, which time has bent,

character, and replace their falling spirit | When Rome began to revive, and archi. A spirit's feeling, and where he hath lent with a brutal ferocity. It was an amphi- | tecture arose from its ruins, every rich His hand, but broke his scythe, there is a power theatre erected by Titus and Vespasian, | and powerful citizen wished to have, not And magic in the ruined battlement, For which the palace of the present hour

out of part only of the materials and on a commodious dwelling merely, but a

a portion of the site of Nero's golden Must yield its pomp, and wait till ages are its

palace. The Coliseum was an immense dower.

house, which had been demolished by quarry at hand ; the common people Byron. order of Vespasian, as too sumptuous stole, the grandees obtained permission to

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carry off, its materials, till the interiorbition of public spectacles, generally the ! “ The cafila consisted of several hundred was dismantled, and the exterior halfl combats of gladiators or of wild beasts. | mules and asses, with their loads, which had stripped of its ornaments.

Assa Durwa, by Ayto

| heen escorted from It is difficult or of both." The first day's games,” to say when this system of depredation, I says the historian, “ given in this sump- this time the important office of Balgudda,

| Hannes, a nephew of the Ras, who held at so sacrilegious in the opinion of the an- | tuous butchery, cost the nation eleven and had gone down for the purpose, with tiquary, would have stopped, had not millions of gold. The blood of five thou- about 200 of his followers. As they descendBenedict XIV., a pontiff of great judg- sand animals bathed its arena. Man and ed into the valley, the inhabitants of Chelicut ment, erected a cross in the centre of the his natural enemy the beast of the desert, went out to receive them, and greeted them arena (which will be seen in the engraving the conqueror and the conquered, writhed

with the same joyful acclamations with which at the head of this article), and declared in agony together on its ensanguined

od they honour their warriors when they return

| from battle. The service of escorting these the place sacred out of respect to the floor, and eighty-seven thousand spec- |

cafilas may be considered as extremely hazardblood of the many martyrs who were tators raised their horrid plaudits.” ous; the whole neighbourhood of the plain butchered there during the persecutions. It was the contemplation of this spot, from which the salt is procured being infested This declaration, if issued two or three and the recollections of this kind with | by a cruel race of Galla, who make it a praccenturies earlier, would have preserved | which it stands associated, that suggested | tice to lie in wait for the individuals engaged the Coliseum entire ; it can now only to Lord Byron the very spirited sketch of in

Lord Byron the very spirited sketch ofl in cutting it. These poor fellows, who are protect its remains and transmit them in the death of a gladiator which he intro

generally of the lowest order of natives, are

said, in the absence of the Balgudda and his their present state to posterity. duces into his Childe Harold, and with

parties, to be compelled to lie down flat on the “ Never,” says an eloquent observer, which we will close this article.

surface, when working, that they may escape “ did human art present to the cye a

“I see before me the gladiator lie :

the observation of their barbarous enemies, fabric so well calculated, from its size

He leans upon his hand-his manly brow

| and, on the approach of a stranger, they are and its form, to surprise and delight. Consents to death, but conquers agony,

described as running away, with great alarm, Let the spectator first place himself to

And his drooped head sinks gradually low to the mountains. Even when the Balgudda the north, and contemplate that side

And through his side the last drops, ebbing slow and his soldiers are present, frequent skirmishes

From the red gash, fall heavy, one by one, take place between them and the savage bor. which depredation, barbarism, and ages,

Like the first of a thunder-shower; and now derers, in which the Galla, however, are genehave spared ; he will behold with admi- | The arena swims around him-he is gone, rally the sufferers. On the present expedition ration its wonderful extent, well-propor- | Ere ceased the inhuman shout which hailed the six only had been killed; and this number tioned stories, and flying lines, that retire

wretch who won.

was considered as usually small: the soland vanish without break or interruption. “ He heard it, but he heeded not-his eyes

diers who had shown their prowess in these Next, let him turn to the south, and Were with his heart, and that was far away ;

| actions wearing small pieces of red cloth on examine those stupendous arches which,

He reck'd not of the life he lost nor prize, their spears, by way of an honourable badge

But where his rude hut by the Danube lay, of distinction. Soon after their arrival the stripped as they are of their external decorations, still astonish us by their solidity

There were his young Barbarians all at play, Ras went "up into the balcony in front of his

There was their Dacian mother--he, their sire, house to receive them, when they passed before and duration. Then let him enter, range Butchered to make a Roman holiday

him in review, dancing, shouting, and exulting, through the lofty arcades, and, ascending

All this rushed with his blood-Shall he expire as is the practice at the Mascal." the vaulted seats, consider the vast mass

And unavenged ?-Arise, ye Goths, and glut your The chief amusement of the lower class of of ruin that surrounds him-insulated

Antalo, during the seasons of festivity that walls, immense stones suspended in the

succeed the severe fasts of an Abyssinian Lent, air, arches covered with weeds and shrubs,

consist in playing at a game called “Kersa,”

SCENERY, &c., IN ABYSSINIA. which is precisely similar to the common vaults opening upon other ruins; in short,

English game of “Bandy." Large parties above, below, and around, one vast col

No. II.

meet for this purpose, the inhabitants of lection of magnificence and devastation,

( Continued from page 287.)

whole villages frequently challenging each of grandeur and decay."

other to the contest; on these occasions, as After these notices of the stateliness

« THERE appears” says Mr. Salt, “to exist might be expected, the game is violently diswhich still characterises these ruins, need

only a slight difference between this people puted; and, when the combatants are pretty

and the Abyssinians, except that the Agows equally matched, it sometimes takes up the we wonder at the superstitious enthusiasm are, perhaps, on the whole, a stouter race of greater part of the day to decide. The victors apparent in the old Roman prophecy ?- men; their language is, nevertheless, perfectly afterwards return shouting and dancing to " Quamdiu stabit Colyseus, stabit et distinct. They are distinguished by the name their homes, amidst the loud acclamations of Roma; quando cadet Colyseus, cadet of the Tchertz, or Tacazze Agows, and the their female friends. Roma; quando cadet Roma, cadet et

country they inhabit extends from Lasta to It seems that, in Abyssinia, applications are mundus."

Shiré.' According to tradition, the Agows made at the gateway of the Ras for justice. On were once worshippers of the Nile ; but so late one occasion, when Mr. Salt was taking a mid

| as the seventeenth century they were converted / night repast with him, certain complainants " While stands the Coliseum, Rome shall stand; When falls the Coliseum, Rome shall fall;

to the Christian religion, and are now more came crying “Abait, abait," master, master, And, when Rome falls, the world.",

particular in their attention to its duties than the mode in which suppliants address their chiefs most of the other natives of Abyssinia. Like on these occasions. The Ras, then, attended

the people of Dixan, they are very regular in by some of his confidential people, and a few The order and arrangement of the seats their morning devotion for which purpose Shangalla slaves, admitted them, and, listening are still visible; and nothing can be more the inhabitants of each village assemble before to their complaint, ordered a day to hear them admirably contrived than the vomitories the door of their respective chiefs, at the in public. The Shangalla who are in attendfor facilitating the ingress and egress of earliest dawn, and recite their prayers in a ance on the Ras are negroes; this term being all classes to and from their respective kind

kind of rude chorus together. A very high the general appellation for that race of the seats withont disorder or confusion. There

| opinion is entertained by the Agows of their interior, as the words Taltal and Shiho are was, it is thought, an upper gallery, for I they w

former consequence, and they declare that applied to the tribes of the coast. The Shan

they were never conquered, except by the galla, however, are mostly captives taken in the multitude, of which there are now no inhabitants of Tigré.

the lower neighbourliood of the Tacazze river, remains. It must, indeed, when filled, On the 20th of April notice was given of the or in the wild forests northward of Abyssinia ; have offered a most imposing spectacle. near approach of a cafila, which had been for in some instances they are brought by traders The very lowest computation allows that some days expected from the salt plain, and from beyond the Nile, and even from so far a it would contain eighty thousand spec

in the afternoon it arrived. As the narrative distance as the Bahr el Abiad. From some of tators.

of this casila serves to explain some of our these latter Mr. Salt acquired the following It is pretty well known that this vast Welled Selasse. we

previous details, relating to the rise of the Ras information respecting the countries from

| Welled Selasse, we extract it at length ;-it which slaves are procured. The tribe of amphitheatre was designed for the exhi- ) is a picture of life in Africa.

I which his informant was a member was called


Dizzela, inhabiting a district named Dabanja, | Dabanja: the language of the two tribes being ! How much money has been paid by the three days' journey beyond the Nile, in a coun- entirely distinct. Two little boys helonging British labourer and manufacturer to support try bearing the general appellation of Damit- to the Tacazze Shangalla, who a short time slavery already? Let us see a balance-sheet, chequa. They entertain a very imperfect before had been taken prisoners, much amused in which this and the other items named shall notion of God, whom they call Mussaguzza. our traveller at Antalo with their playful be put down; and then show how much is The only species of adoration they offer up to antics,-dancing and singing in a manner owing to the men of the cow-skin. Will not the Deity is during a great holiday, called peculiar to their nation. One of their songs the Irish members help us in this ? Cannot Kemoos, when the whole people assemble to had something extremely affecting in the tune some confidence be put in them, that they sacrifice a cow, which is not killed in the as well as the words. The translation which will stand up in a mass in defence of the usual way, by having its throat cut, but by was made of this chant may be versified as

was made of this chant may be versified as general empire upon this point, and trust to being stabbed in a thousand places. follows :

the gratitude of the whole community when They have neither priests nor rulers, all men

the time shall come for showing it? Let them being looked upon as equals, though consider

We are far away from our dear homes,

consider well how strongly this would tend to able respect is shown to age; an old man

And where our mothers be,

combine the general interest with theirs. Let being always allowed to drink first, and to

Our homes beside the pleasant springs

them reflect in what numerous classes, hostile

And streams of Tacazzé. have two wives, while the younger are restrict

it may be to them hitherto on many points of

The armed men came ; our mothers filed ed to one. When a young man is desirous of

To seek the mountain caves,

belief or prejudice, this would quash The feelmarrying, it is customary for him to give his

And we, their children, left, were led

ing of distrust, and substitute the confidence sister to him whose sister he takes; or, if he

To be Antálo's slaves ;-

of fellow-labourers in one great cause. If the have no sister, he will go to war for the pur Strangers in stranger land we roam,

Irish members will come forward as one man, pose of taking a female prisoner, who is im Far from our mothers and our home.

and stand in the gap between the English mediately adopted as his sister, and formally

people and their enemies on the West India exchanged, no other dower on either side Generally speaking, however, the slaves in question, whatever may be the event, they will being required. They do not marry as early Abyssinia are very happy ; and several of those not fail in one point--the securing an adheas the Abyssinians, but there is no frailty with whom Mr. Salt conversed, who had been sion to the cause of Ireland, which, first or before marriage. Adultery is punished with captured at an advanced period of life, pre- last, will vastly overbalance the puny efforts death. The women, besides taking care offerred their latter mode of living to that which of the cabinet to raise themselves in the eyes the house, assist the men in ploughing, and they had led in their native wilds; a circum- of their enemies by the depression of a gallant are entitled to an equal share in the produce stance which, in a great measure, may be people. All good feelings will join and link of the land. When a child is born, the father attributed to the docility of their character, theinselves. The hearts of the legislature gives it a name, which is generally derived which allows them soon to be naturalized thrill at Poland ;” but, considering “ the from some circumstance connected with its among strangers. “The situation of slaves, condition of the country," " the distress," &c., birth, or an accidental mark on its body. The indeed," he says further, “is rather honourable they cannot reconcile it to their consciences to name of Mr. Salt's informant was Omazena, than disgraceful, throughout the east; and grant any public money to assist the persecuton account of his being born with a wart on the difference between their state and that ofted Poles. They will have no such scruples his hand; others are called “Immagokwa," the western slaves is strikingly apparent. They with respect to the persecuting West Indians. born in the night,“ Wokea,” born while have no long voyage to make; no violent At this moment, unless surmise is wrong, they making booza, “Wannee," born on the change of habits to undergo; no out-door are haggling with them, to know the lowest ground, &c. When a man dies, he is buried labour to perform; and no' white man's scorn? price at which they will sell their nuisance. without ceremony, in his clothes, and the rela- ! to endure; but, on the contrary, are frequently Could not something be done upon this point tives kill, and feast on, the cattle he leaves adopted like children into the family, and, to which should carry the name of Ireland into behind him, the wife having, for her share, make use of an eastern expression, 'bask in the far-off divisions of the globe, and give her the household furniture,-and the sons his the sunshine of their master's favour.””

one more link with the every where rising arms, implements of agriculture, and land.

cause of man and of humanity ?- Westminster The favourite occupation of the men is hunt

Review for April, 1833. ing; and they indiscriminately eat the flesh of the elephant, the buffalo, deer, &c., or what IRELAND AND NEGRO SLAVERY. ever else they can procure. The Rhinoceros of this country has invariably two horns.

A Curious contrast is presented between the The arms of these savages consist of spears, ardour of the Ministry to resort to extreme

APHORISMS. shields, bows and arrows; and the tribe is measures in Ireland, and their placability continually engaged in war with the people where the Crown and people of Great Britain of Metikul and Banja, who frequently invade are really suffering wrong and insult. A race

Tue pleasure of the religious man is an easy the country for the express purpose of pro- l of colonial bullies, whom nothing but the in

and a portable pleasure, such an one as he carries curing slaves. When the Dazzela take any terference of the British administration pré

about in his bosom, without alarming either the prisoners, they tie their legs, and employ them vents from being crushed like cock-roaches by

eye or the envy of the world.-South.

Speculative absurdities may endure for ages; either in making cloth or manufacturing iron; their own negroes, may insult the head of the

| but errors immediately leading to the destruction and, if incapable of work, they kill them. A Government, and organise associations for il- of society are generally dissipated by an applicastrong people, called Dippura, reside in the legal violence upon their countrymen, and tion of the test of experience. -MACKINTOSH. interior of the Dabanja country. The Dug- the ministers, as meek as mice, shall be ar- | The infirmities of human nature undermine the gala were said to be on the opposite side from i ranging, with the home branch of the cart- conspiracies of the wicked, perhaps even more Darfoor; and Yiba Hossa was mentioned as a whip dynasty, the price at which they will than they loosen the union of the good.- 1b. mountain to which the people retired when consent to abate their nuisance. The whole Material resources never have supplied, nor pressed by an enemy. Several rivers, called horse has been paid for by the British public ever can supply, the want of unity in design, and Quoquee, Pusa, Kuossa,and Popa, flow through by a poll-tax; and when the question is ofco

h | by a poll-taxand when the anestion is of constancy in pursuit.-BURKE. these districts, which are all said to run in the substituting working in harness for drawing

The blood of man should never be shed but to same direction as the Bahr el Abiad. It is by the tail, the Ministry is in negotiation with

redeem the blood of man. It is well shed for our three days' journey from the last-mentioned

family, for our friends, for our God, for our counthe barbarian for paying him the price of the try, for our kind. The rest is vanity: the rest is river to the Kuossa, and one from the Kuossa horse over again as the price of his consent.

crime.--Ib. to Pusa; the other lying still further in the The slave-owner, whose slave, and all he bas,

he slave-owner, whose slave, and all he bas, As young men, when they knit and shape perinterior.

has been bought for him once out of the fectly, do seldom grow to a farther stature, so The only musical instruments in use among pockets of the British publie, is to be told he knowledge, while it is dispersed in aphorisms and them are trumpets, made of the hom of the shall be paid the price over again, on condi observations, may grow and shoot up, yet, once Agazen, pipes formed of bamboo, and a kind tion that he will consent to employ free labour | inclosed and comprehended in methods, it may, of lyre with five strings, called “junqua," afterwards. Why is not he rather charged perchance, be farther polished and illustrated, whose tones are described as harmonious. with the difference between the expense of and accommodated to use and practice, but inThe tribe of the Shangalla, residing near slave-labour and of free ?-and why is not he

the creaseth no more in bulk and substance. --Bacon. the Tacazze, was noticed by Mr. Bruce. It asked to lay down the cost of protecting him appears to be a perfectly different people, in from the just retribution which his own ob-' every respect but colour and form, from that of stinacy has brought almost upon his head ?

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