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ments, however, were at length too swift for the poor fellow naturally expected; but, as if | all would indulge in that vapid violence against them.' Before ihe horses were properly fas- | bereft of power, and unable to do any thing I persons, wbich the spirit of party is rarely want. tened to each other, the monster made a tre- more, he again arose, took his departure, and ing to applaud. But as it is, the man of supe mendous bound or two, and suddenly pounced was seen no more. The man, seeing this, took | rior mind, standing upon his own strength. upon the hind parts of one of them, which, | up his gun, and hasted away to his terrified knows and feels that he is not speaking to the in its fright, plunged forward, and knocked companions, who had given him up for dead. | lolling, lounging, indolently listening individown the poor man in question, who was Being in a state of extreme exhaustion, from duals stretched on the benches around him : holding the reins in his hand. His comrades loss of blood, he was immediately set upon his he feels and knows that he is speaking to, and instantis took Aight, and ran off with all speed; | horse, and brought, as soon as was practicable, will obtain the sympathy of, all the great and and he. of course, rose as quickly as possible, to the place where I found him. Dr. Gaulter, enlightened spirits of Europe ; and this bears in order to follow them. But, no sooner had who, on hearing of the case, hastened to his and buoys him up amidst any coldness, impahe regained his feet, than the majestic beast, relief, and has very humanely rendered him tience, or indifference, in his immediate auwith a seeming consciousness of his superior all necessary attention ever since, informs medience. When we perused the magnificent might stretched forth his paw, and, striking that, on his arrival, the appearance of the orations of Mr. Burke, which transported us in him just behind the neck, immediately brought wounds was truly alarming, and amputation our cabinet, and were told that his rising was him to the ground again. He then rolled on of the arm seemed absolutely necessary. To the dinner bell in the House of Commons: his back, when the lion set his foot upon his this, however, the patient was not willing to when we heard that some of Mr. Brougham's. breast, and laid down upon him. The poor consent, having a number of young children | almost gigantic discourses were delivered man now became almost breathless, partly whose subsistence depends upon his labour. amidst coughs and impatience; and when, from fear, but principally from the intolerable 'As the Almighty had delivered me,' said he, returning from our travels, where we had pressure of his terrific load. He endeavoured from that horrid death, I thought surely he heard of nothing but the genius and eloquence to move a little to one side, in order to is able to save my arm also.' And, astonish of Sir James Mackintosh, we encountered him breathe; but, feeling this, the creature seized ing to relate, 'several of his wounds are alhis left arm, close to the elbow; and, after ready healed, and there is now hope of his these occasions we were sensible, not that Mr. once laying hold with his teeth, he continued complete recovery.”
Burke's, Mr. Brougham's, Sir James Mackinto amuse himself with the limb for some time,
tosh's eloquence was less, but that it was biting it in sundry different places down to CHARACTER OF SIR JAMES MACKIN.
| addressed to another audience than that to the hand, the thick part of which seemed to
| which it was apparently delivered. Intended have been pierced entirely through. All this
for the House of Commons only, the style time the lion did not appear to be angry, but Sir James Mackintosh never spoke on a would have been absurdly faulty : intended he merely caught at his prey, like a cat sport- subject without displaying, not only all that for the public, it was august and correct. ing with a mouse that is not quite dead; so was peculiarly necessary to that subject, but there are two different modes of obtaining a that there was not a single bone fractured, as all that a full miyd, long gathering and con- parliamentary reputation; a man may rise in would, in all probability, have been the case gesting, has to pour forth upon any subject. the country by what is said of him in the had the creature been hungry or irritated. The language, without being antithetic, was House of Commons, or he may rise in the Whilst writhing in agony, gasping for breath, artificial and ornate. The action and voice House of Commons by what is thought and and expecting every moment to he torn limb were vehement, but not passionate; the tone said of him in the country. Some debaters from limb, the sufferer cried to his companions and conception of the arguinent of too lofty have the faculty, by varying their style and for assistance, but cried in vain. On raising and philosophic a strain for those to whom, ge- their subjects, of alternately addressing both his head a little, the beast opened his dreadful nerally speaking, it was directed. It was im- those without and within their walls, with efjaws to receive it, but providentially the hat, possible not to feel that the person addressing - fect and success. Mr. Fox, Mr. Pitt, Mr. Shewhich I saw in its rent state, slipped off, so you was a profound thinker, delivering a la- ridan, Mr. Canning were, and Lord Brougham that the points of the teeth only just grazed boured composition. Sir James Mackintosh's is, of this number. Mr. Burke and Sir James the surface of the skull. The lion now set his character as a speaker, then, was of that sort Mackintosh spoke to the reason and the imafoot upon the arm from which the blood was acquired in a thin house, where those who gination, rather than to the passions; and this, freely flowing; his fearful paw was soon cov- have stayed from their dinner have stayed for together with some faults of voice and manner, ered therewith, and he again and again licked the purpose of hearing what is said, and can, rendered these great orators (for great orators it clean! The idea verily makes me shudder therefore, deliver up their attention updis- they were) more powerful in the printed rewhile I write. But this was not the worst; tractedly to any knowledge and ability, even if ports, than in the actual delivery of their for the animal then steadily fixed his flaming somewhat prolixly put forth, which elucidates speeches. We ourselves heard Sir James Mackeyes upon those of the man, smelt on one side, the subject of discussion. We doubt if all intosh's great, almost wonderful, speech upon and then on the other of his face, and, having great speeches of a legislative kind would not Reform. We shall never forget the extensive tasted the blood, he appeared half inclined to require such an audience, if they never tra- range of ideas, the energetic grasp of thought, devour his helpless victim. At this critical velled beyond the walls in which they were the sublime and soaring strain of legislative moment,' said the poor man, 'I recollected spoken. The passion, the action, the move- philosophy, with which he charmed and transhaving heard that there is a God in the ment of oratory which animates and trans- ported us; but it was not so with the House heavens, who is able to deliver at the very last ports a large assembly, can never lose their in general. His Scotch accent, his unceasing extremity; and I began to pray that he would effect when passion, action, movement are in and laboured vehemence of voice and gesture, save me, and not allow the lion to eat my the orator's subject; when Philip is at the the refined and speculative elevation of his flesh, and drink my blood. While thus en head of his Macedonians, or Catiline at the views, and the vast heaps of hoarded knowledge gaged in calling upon God, the beast turned gates of Rome. The emotions of fear, revenge, he somewhat prolixly produced, displeased the himself completely round. On perceiving this, horror, are emotions that all classes and de taste and wearied the attention of men who the Hottentot made an effort to get from under scriptions of men, however lofty or low their were far more anxious to be amusod and exhim ; but no sooner did the creature observe intellect, may feel:-here, then, is the orator's cited, than to be instructed or convinced. We his movement, than he laid terrible hold of proper field. But again; there are subjects, see him now! his bald and singularly formed bis right thigh. This wound was dreadfully such as many, if not most, of those discussed head working to and fro, as if to collect and deep, and evidently occasioned the sufferer in our House of Coinmons, the bigher bearings then shake out his ideas; his arm riolently most excruciating pain. He again sent up of which are intelligible only to a certain or- vibrating, and his body thrown forward by his cry to God for help; por were his prayers der of understandings. The reasoning proper sudden quirks and starts, which, ungraceful as in vain. The huge animal soon afterwards for these is not understood, and cannot there. they were, seemed rather premeditated than quietly relinquished his prey, though he had fore be sympathised with, by the mass. In inspired. This is not the picture which Denot been in the least interrupted. Having order not to be insipid to the few, it is almost mosthenes would have drawn of a perfect oradeliberately risen from his seat, he walked necessary to be dull to the many. If our tor; and it contains some defects that we wonmajestically off, to the distance of thirty or Houses of legislature sat with closed doors, der more care had not been applied to remedy. forty paces, and then laid down in the grass, they would be the most improper assemblies -New Monthly Magazine. as if for the purpose of watching the man. for the discussion of legislative questions that The latter, being happily relieved of his load, we can possibly conceive. 'I hey would have Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published ventured to sit up, which circumstance imme- completely the tone of their own clique. No by J. CHISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Pateraoster diately attracted the lion's attention ; never. one would dare or wish to soar above the com- 1 Row, where all Advertisements and Communitheless, it did not induce another attack, as mon-places which find a ready echoing cheer: cations for the Editor are to be addrowtod.
Tuis unrivalled edifice was founded by the irresistible interest which it inspires | present workmen in masonic power, their Henry the Sixth, together with the princely is to be traced to the richness of decora- utter inability to raise a mighty standard establishment to which it is attached. By tion for which this style is distinguished. | in this way?” Whatever may be the referring to his will we find that his de- “Let it be inquired,” says an enthusias- cause, it is impossible for any one to signs in these undertakings have not been tic writer, referring to this edifice, “where- approach it without a feeling of reveaccomplished by his successors, although, in doth the charm consist that so com- rence. The architectural skill of the when we regard the magnificence of the pletely takes possession of our senses in fifteenth and sixteenth centuries is here whole mass of buildings, and the pre- gazing from west to east on the whole displayed in its utmost perfection. Witheminence of the chapel over all other length of the interior? Is it from its out, the prodigious stones of wbich it Gothic buildings, we can scarcely regret admirable state of repair, neatness of consists, the vast buttresses by which it the deviation. With respect to the lat- condition, regularity of decorations, just is supported, the loftiness and extent of ter, it is of the order of architecture ness of proportion, beauty of design, or the building, the fine proportions of the which has generally been termed Aorid from that indescribable something that towers and pinnacles; and, within, the Gcthic; but it is difficult to say whether | reminds us of the humble abilities of our i grand extended view, the admirable
arched roof, without the support of any | work of three succeeding kings-Henry | obsolete sports of the ancient Hoc-tide, an old pillars, displaying all the richness of its the Sixth, who founded it, the Seventh. Saxon word, said to import the time of fine fan-work, and the matchless paint- who farthered, and the Eighth, who
scorning and triumphing,' which must have
been observed about this time of the year, ings on its windows, all combine to im- finished it.”
might have degenerated into the April fooleries.” press the beholder with emotions which
Another author “thinks that he clearly decan be better felt than described. The
ALL FOOLS' DAY.
monstrates its origin from the primitive Chrisattention, moreover, is not withdrawn
tians, who, by way of conciliating the Pagans from these objects by any busts, statues,
FIRST OF APRIL.
to a better worship, humoured their prejudices or inscriptions; but the whole furniture
by yielding to a conformity of names, and even
“The first of April, some do say, and decoration is highly calculated to
of customs, where they did not essentially inIs set apart for All Fools' Day;
terfere with the fundamentals of the gospel perpetuate the effect of the first coup But why the people call it so, d'æil.
doctrine. Among these, in imitation of the Nor I, nor they themselves do know.
Roman Saturnalia, was the Festum Fatuorum.” An exception to this statement is taken
But on this day are people sent
A contributor to the Gentleman's Magazine by the learned historian of Cambridge. And though the day is known before,
conjectures that “the custom of imposing upon “ It must be confessed,” says he,“ that Yet frequently there is great store
and ridiculing people on the first of April may some littlenesses and human weaknesses Of these forgetfuls to be found,
have an allusion to the mockery of the Saviour are too obvious—I mean those minute
Who’re sent to dance Moll Diron's round; of the world by the Jews. Something like
this, which we call making April fools, is devices of the arms of York and Lancas
And disappointed at them all,
practised also abroad, in Catholic countries, on ter with roses, portcullises, fleurs de lis, At last some tells them of the cheat,
Innocents' Day.” and crowns. These little patches on
Then they return from the pursuit,
Dr. Pegge thinks the custom arose from the greatness, these heterogeneous intermix
And straightway home with shame they run,
rejoicing at the commencement of the new tures, religiously considered, are quite
But 'tis a thing to be disputed,
year, “ which formerly began, as to some purout of place, and, architecturally, are Which is the greatest faol reputed,
poses, and in some respects, on the 25th of quite opposite to sublimity and gran
The man that innocently went
March, which was supposed to be the incarnadeur."
Or he that him design'dly sent.”
tion of our Lord; and it is certain that the
Poor Robin's Almanack, 1760. commencement of the new year, at whatever The greatest curiosity connected with
time that was supposed to be, was always
“ Yet in the vulgar this weak humour's bred, this edifice is the stone roof, a structure
esteemed an high festival, and that both among
They'll sooner be with idle customs led, which some do not hesitate to say sur
Or fond opinions, such as they have store,
the ancient Romans and with us. Now, great passes the ingenuity of modern architects Than learn of reason's or of virture's lore."
festivals were usually attended with an octave, to imitate. There is a tradition that Sir
that is, they were wont to continue eight Christopher Wren went once a year to - April the first stands marked by custom's rules.
days, whereof the first and last were the survey this roof, and said that if any man | A day of being, and for making foo s."
principal; and you will find the first of April
is the octave of the 25th of March, and the would show him where to place the first
A writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, for close, or ending, consequently, of that feast, stone he would build such another. It Jus 128 such another. " July, 1783, says, “I have often wished to know
which was both the festival of the Annunciawas constructed in 1513, in consequence the first foundation of several popular customs,
tion, and of the new year.” of a grant of £5000 to defray the ex- | appropriated to particular seasons, and been
Mr. Donce says, “The making of April pences of carrying on the building. It led to think, however widely they may have fools, after all the conjectures touching its is in the form of a grand Gothic arch, deviated from their original design and mean
origin, is certainly borrowed by us from the without any pillar to uphold it (though of
| ing, of which we have now wholly lost sight, French, and may, I think, be deduced from
they are derived from some religious tenets, immense span), the buttresses and towers
this simple analogy. The French call their observances, or ceremonies; I am convinced April fish, (Poissons d'Avril) i. e. simpletons ; of the chapel being its only support. In
or, in other words, silly mackarel, who suffered the middle of this roof, and in the flattest
where such like popular usages, as well as reli- themselves to be caught in this month. But. part of it, are fixed perpendicularly, at gious ceremonies, are more frequent than | as with us April is not the season of that fish equal distance from one another, stones | amongst us; though there can be little doubt we have very properly substituted the word adorned with roses and portcullises, every
but that the customs I refer to, and which we one of which is no less than a ton weight.
retain, took their rise whilst these kingdoms A writer in 1708 derives the custom from Each of these is upwards of a yard in
were wholly Catholic.” That the singular cus- the time of Romulus, when the Romans carried thickness, and projects beyond the other | gious observance is most probable, although | tom of fool-making bad its origin in some reli
off the Sabine women!
| The Jews are said to attribute the origin part of the carved work. There is a the researches of our antiquarians have estab
from the mistake of Noah in sending the dove curious passage in its praise in Fuller's | lished little else than that the custom is very | out of the ark before the waters had abated, on History of Cambridge, which, for its en- ancient and very general. Much has been
neral. Much has been the first day of the month among the Hebrews thusiasm, deserves to be quoted. “The written upon the subject, a good deal of learn- / which answers to our first of April.
The Romans, on the first day of April, abing and diligence has been displayed, many chapel in this college," says he, “is one of the rarest fabrics in Christendom,
very recondite theories have been formed ; ai | stained from pleading causes; and the Roman wherein the stone-work, wood-work, and
which, however, have not led to any very | ladies performed ablutions under myrtle-trees, satisfactory or plausible conclusion. Having
crowned themselves with leaves, and offered glass-work, contend which most deserve none better to offer of our own, we will give
sacrifices to Venus. admiration. Yet the first generally car- | the various opinions of others, and leave our / In the north of England, persons imposed sieth away the credit (as being a Stone- readers to choose the one which may appear to henge, indeed), so geometrically contrived | them the most reasonable.
In Scotland, upon April Day, they have a that voluminous stones mutually support
| Mr. Brand “is inclined to think the word custom of “hunting the gowk," as it is termed.
all' here is a corruption of our northern This is done by sending silly people upon fools' each other in the arched roof, as if art had made them to forget nature, and
ancient Romish calendar, a Feast of Old | letter in which is written :weaned them from their fondness to de- Fools :?” he adds, “ It must be granted that
“On the first day of April scend to their centre. And yet, though this feast stands there on the first day of ano
Hunt the gowk another mile." there be so much of Minerva, there is ther month, November, but then it mentions, nothing of Arachne in this buildingI at the same time, that it is by a removal - It will be remårked, from the foregoing exmean, not a spider appearing, or cob
* The Feast of Old Fools is removed to this tracts, that writers are little agreed as to the web to be seen on the Irish wood or Romish calendar. were often obliged to | day; such removals, indeed, in the very crowded prime origin of this almost universal custom,
which, from its universality, must have been cedar beams 'thereof. No wonder, then, I made.”
of a very general nature. The study of the if this chapel, so rare a structure, was the In a note, Mr. Brand suggests “that the customs, sports, and pastimes of the people is,
by no means, either useless or unprofitable: NOTES ON THE ISLAND OF CUBA. | varied and shadowy, with all its inequalities some useful knowledge of mankind will be
contrasting their tints with the deep cerulean acquired, for wisdom may be extracted from FROM THE UNPUBLISHED MEMORANDA OF A
sky, which stretched now in serene and unthe follies and superstitions of our forefathers.
clouded beauty over the wide sea we had lately We have been chiefly indebted to Brand's
left; it presented a picture more rich and more interesting work on the antiquities, customs,
diversified than what the most splendid imahabits, &c., of the people of England, in two
It was always my wish, when I should re- gination could paint or describe. The middle vols. 4to. for the above remarks; and we cannot
visit Jamaica, to spend some portion of my ground of this scene, a wide extent of forest, avoid recommending the interesting works of
earliest leisure in à voyage to the Island of over which the evening mists were gathering, Mr. Hone, The Table Book, and Every Day
Cuba. Having arranged my affairs, that I showed, by occasional breaks, the spots where Book, in which much that is novel and inte
might have to myself the undisturbed enjoy the gentle hills and valleys undulated, or resting will be found regarding our popular
ment of a few months, I engaged, on the 5th where luxuriant pastures and extensive savanantiquities.
of January, 1821, a passage on board the brig nas stretched a wide undappled surface of Emerald, then about to sail for a cargo of grass. Nearer to the eye, the ocean lay, green
timber. We set out from the harbour of and bright, fickering as it heaved with the SPELL-WORK.
M * * * *, a north-side port, at ten at red glare of the setting sun-beam, while the
night, the usual hour at which vessels quit giant trees upon its borders were seen growing MANY of our readers have heard and read of that part of the coast. They so settle their within the very margin of the sea. There was the SPELL system on sugar plantations, yet few departure as to wait till the land-breeze comes neither sand nor ooze between the forest and of them probably are aware of its fearfully op- sweeping from the mountains strong and the ocean. All was as silent as death. Nopressive character. For the information of stead
of steady, in order that they may make a fair thing was heard but the occasional cry of the
in order that such we insert the following description of this wind of it, and, having the advantage of run- sea-gull, or the drowsy wing of the pelican as murderous system, taken from No. 104 of the ning before the breeze under the lea of the she lagged over the heaving waters, with her Anti-Slavery Reporter. We have lately had land, slip from one shore, through waters over-loaded gorge stored with provender for an opportunity of obtaining the opinion of a whose undulations, beneath the lambent pu her clamorous and expectant young ones, in gentleman thoroughly conversant with the rity and resplendent skies of a West Indian their home on the earthy sea-cliffs. One coteconomy of a sugar plantation, and he strongly night, searcely rise above the gentle ripples of tage and a few canoes on the main-land, and confirms our previous conviction of its accu
a summer tide, and arrive at the other coast a fisherman's hut and a pinnace among the racy.
just as the trade winds are freshening up with keys, were all the evidence that man was an “An intelligent person, who kept spell as a the increasing brilliancy of the opening day. inhabitant of these regions. As I gazed upon book-keeper for four years in Jamaica, is ready to I loitered on deck till I saw the watch-fires on the quiet yet luxuriant scene, I could not help testify, if called upon, to the uniform practice, in the Jamaica mountains grow dim and indis- recurring to the fate of the gentle race that his time, to divide into two spells that part of the tinct in the shadowy mistiness of the receding once owned these shores. The boundless first and second gangs not occupied as coopers, in shores. When I looked out again at sun-rise, wastes before me, which formerly saw them making casks, oc as waggoners, or mule-drivers.
the bold and picturesque summit of the pico wandering amid the fragrant and flowery “ The following is a sketch of the working of Torquino. one of the loftiest mountains of shades as “thick and numberless as the gay those two spells, which we will call A and B, a
Cuba, was lifting its head before me, with the motes that people the sun-beam,” scarce now white book-keeper being allowed to each, who had the same length of pight.duty as the slaves :
vapours rolling in dense masses over the forest retain a vestige that any but the present pos"On Sunday, at 6, P.M., the spell A went to
plains. By midday we were safely anchored sessors of the soil had awakened the echoes of the works and put the mill about, remaining there
within that range of sunken reefs that stretch the exhaustless forests. Friendly and gentle till midnight, when it went to rest as soon as re-out from Cape Cruz some miles towards the in their dispositions, simple and artless in their lieved by spell B. At day-dawn, on Monday, straggling line of green islets, bounding the manners, living in the luxury of indolence and spell A went to the field, and continued cutting Bay of Bayamo. They are a part of that ease, they seemed, in their innocence, amid canes there for the mill till noon. At noon it re cluster of coral rocks and mangrove shoals to the bountiful land they occupied, to realize sumed its place at the works, and continued there which, from their fresh beauty amid the bright the condition of our first parents and the early till midnight on Monday, when it took rest till
and placid waters, Columbus, when he first days of Paradise. They knew no wisdom like day-dawn on Tuesday, and was then again in the field cutting canes till noon; and thus it proceeded
saw them, gave the poetical appellation of the knowledge of good and evil, and the curse on each succeeding day of the week, except that
“ the gardens of the king." On account of the of labour and its attendant misery. But avaon Saturday it did not always retire at midnight,
multiplicity of these rocks and reefs, it is cus rice and ambition came among them; and the but remained sometimes to two or three on Sunday
tomary for English vessels, proceeding thither, luxurious repose, that hung like a spell over morning, till all the cane-juice was boiled off. to take with them a pilot from Jamaica. Ours the thickly-peopled shores and blissful groves During the same week, the spell B 'came on duty was Ramon, a Spanish yonth, of mixed Indian of the happy islanders, was reversed, and the at the works at midnight on Sunday night, and con descent, a native of Maracaibo, a man of un- fragrant bowers, the home of “the swarming tinued there till noon on Monday, when it went commonly mild, handsome features, but with myriads of idle and light-hearted creatures," home; but, at two, P.M., it was again in the field, | a temper which blended the contradiction of became the silent woodland wastes that I then cutting canes for the mill from that time until
cheerfulness, and a sullen habit of silence and beheld them. dusk, when it went home to rest till called up
reserve, a peculiar trait in the Indian cha With the first dawn of day-light we were again at midnight to relieve spell A. And so the
racter. Under his guidance we were instructed again under sail, and by sun-set had anwork proceeded the whole week, only that at midnight on Saturday there was no call of spell B,
to take advantage of the comparatively high chored in Manzanilla Bay. The coast was however late might be the boiling.
and strong tides which prevail on the exten- extremely shoal, so that we landed with some “The succeeding week, the spells were changed,
sive bays of this island, to facilitate the navi difficulty at the Corbel - a temporary fort, so that the spell B began work on the Sunday
gation of its waters. We passed through the the walls of which were constructed of the evening at 6 P.m., and so had the very same tale ship's channel, avoided the Canal de Bolandras, husky case which forms the footstalk of the and hours of labour, both at the works and in the | whose depth, as its name imports, only enables Palmetto (ureca oleracea). The fort itself, field, which the spell A had had the week before, sloops to pass, and anchored for the night, just elevated about eight feet from the water's and A the same as B had had. Thus each spell, before sunset, in that wide sweeping curve of edge, was composed of the logs of the cedar during every twenty-four hours, was twelve hours the coast called the Media Luna, with Mar- and hard wood of the country. It was mounted at the works, and six hours in the field, the whole tillo before us.
with ten or a dozen pieces of cannon, of a of their sleep being taken from the six hours which
Being now at that part of the shore where calibre sufficiently heavy to carry shot with then alone remained to them. And the same th
the Torquino Mountains form must of absolute necessity be the case still, if the
the south-effect to a great distance-a necessary provimanufacture of sugar be continuously carried on,
eastern background of the landscape, the beau- sion, in consequence of the shallow waters of on estates not having more than from iwo hundred | tiful peak, as it rose majestically over the con- | the bay. This temporary defence has been to two hundred and fifty negroes, embracing a
tiguous hills, at the hour of sunset, became an since removed, and a substantial fortress large majority of sugar estates. Is not this toil object of peculiar grandeur. The volume of erected in its place; but, frail as it was at the dreadful, and most wearing and exhausting? And
fleecy clouds which all the afternoon had been period of my visit, it was not to be despised as it affects the women still more than the men. Can gathering midway around its summit, illu-a protection to the coast. A few weeks prewomen, by any possibility, breed under such cir. mined by the intense rays of the setting sun, vious to my arrival, a Columbian brig of war, cumstances ? It is altogether impossible.” shone like a mantle of burnished gold. Through the Libertador, in company with a felucca.
these arose, glowing in purple radiance, the having run up the coast, landed a party of mountain itself, looking out distinct, but armed seamen in the harbour, under cover of
the thickets about the town, and attacked the | unconnected with the estate, unauthorized to make them any intentional falsehood in the evidence batteries ; but, being bravely repulsed by the enquiries of the negroes, he has no opportunity o
repulsed by the enquiries of the negroes, he has no opportunity of they might give, think that it was likely to be
gaining that knowledge--for instance, punishments of so vague and indefinite a character as to be inhabitants with considerable loss, they were
he is not a witness to. When a punishment is to entitled to little credit? glad to drop down the keys, profiting by the
take place, they do not lay down the man or woman I think it would, as compared with evidence experience that the courage of a brave people
under his window, but take him or her to a retired I given by one practically acquainted with the compensates the inadequate defence of nature
part of the estate ; and, as in the case of a lady system. and of art.
in barracks, punishments may take place to a 'If a stranger were found in conversation with a great extent without her knowing anything about gang of field slaves during their work, or entering
them. An officer's lady may have been in bar- their huts after the hours of labour, for the purpose THE TOURIST. racks for a considerable period, and yet know of ascertaining from their own lips the particulars
nothing about punishments, though they may have of their treatment, would he not expose himself
taken place every week. On the other hand, there almost to the certainty of personal insult and legal MONDAY, APRIL 1, 1833.
is no physical impossibility, for a man may run proceedings for a trespass by the attorney or overthe risk of incurring the displeasure of his host by seer?
speaking to the negrofs privately, and probing them; The probability is that he would be insulted, and, NEPORT OF THE SLAVERY COMMIT but I never, intimate as I was with many families if he persevered in making such inquiries, that he
in Jamaica, took that liberty; there is no physical would be prosecuted. TEE OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS.
impossibility in arriving at that knowledge; but
| And again, at page 584, the witness is asked: manners in Jamaiea, I do not think it at all pro- Do you think that military or naval men, enWILLIAM TAYLOR, ESQ.
bable that an individual ever acquired an accurate gaged in their professional duties on the station,
knowledge of the negro character, unless he was could have that acquaintance with the subject, so Tire following evidence of Mr. Taylor, given
placed in a situation which brought him into con that their testimony in respect to the slaves' treaton oath before the Lords' Committee, will as stant communication with the negroes and the ment or character would be of any real value ? sist our readers in estimating the value of that inspection of them. In my own case, I was there I cannot see how naval men can know any thing testimony which is adduced by Colonial writers several years, und knew little or nothing about them about it, for they are at sea ; when they are on shore in proof of the bappy condition of the Negro until I wus called upon to administer the system, they generally dine with the principal people in the population. The internal economy of a slave | though living in the heart of the country, and visil- | neighbourhood : tbey are a very short time on shore. ing in almost every parish in the island, and having A military man, from being stationed in country
garrisons, necessarily knows more ; but at the try, it is naturally enough supposed that the journeyed thousands of miles in the island. same facility of observation exists as amongst
Being, as you are to a certain degree, familiar garrisons in the neighbourhood of Kingston, where
with the details and daily labours of the field the chief body of troops is, they have very little ourselves. Every person, therefore, who has
slaves, do you think any person competent, from intercourse with the interior, and they cannot s paid a visit to the colonies, and more especially
his own knowledge, to give evidence upon oath on the internal working of the system; they can see the military and naval officers, attorney-generals, the subject, unless he had filled a situation simi- surface; nor can any one know the internal workbishops, and governors,-are supposed to know
lar to your own, or unless his duties as a mission- | ing unless he is employed on the estate, and sees the every thing respecting slavery. How far this
| whole machinery from morning to night.-And at is from being the case Mr. Taylor's evidence communication with the slaves themselves ? page 529:will show. His long residence in the colony, Speaking of the daily labours, I do not think Do you not feel very strongly the difficulty of and his intimate acquaintance with the plan that any person is qualified to give information any stranger's access to the interior of a plantatation system, eminently qualified him to give upon that subject, unless he had been actively tion?
employed, and closely and daily employed, in the Yes; I have stated that I think there is a great an opinion on the subject.
management of a plantation. 'I believe that a difficulty in arriving at the truth. You have been some years resident in Ja| missionary has opportunities of acquiring a great Have you not on some occasions called a plan. maica, have you not ?-Nearly thirteen years. deal of information from the slaves which no other tation a sealed book?
At what period did your residence commence, class of persons can. I believe that a missionary I have; not only a plantation, but I consider the and at what period did it conclude ?-I went to actively employed near estates does acquire a country a sealed country, from the fact that you Jamaica in 1816, and remained there till 1823; great deal of very intimate knowledge of the negro travel through the length and breadth of England, I returned in 1824, and remained till the end of character, but of a different nature. I do not and are continually in contact with the population 1825 ; left it in 1825, returned in 1826, and finally think a missionary can speak as to the work of an of the villages on the highways, and I defy any left it'in 1831; making altogether, I think, nearly estate : a missionary's knowledge of the negro is man to keep me from a knowledge of the peathirteen years in the island.
derived from his constant intercourse with him, santry, for it is the right of a British citizen to In what capacity or capacities did you officiate and I believe the missionary will know much enter into the house of another if he opens the
and I believe the missionary will know much ler while resident in Jamaica ?- The greater part of more of the private feelings of the negro slave dour ; but you may travel hundreds of miles in Jathe time I was engaged in commercial pursuits; than even a humane manager will; but at the maica, und never pass through villages. The vilmore than two years I was actively occupied in same time I believe that the manager will know lages are separated by the width of a field from the management of estates.
a great deal more about the labours of an estate. the road, and you dare not trespass upon that field During that time you had opportunities of ob- I think the information to be given by a manager any more than in any men's houses. They are very serving the slave population, and the management and a missionary are of a different character for accommodating in Jainaica in allowing a man to of several estates with which you were connected the most part.
go through the fields and make by.paths; but, if --- Yes.
From that it is collected that, to be intimately that were done with the avowed and open intenDo you think it possible for any man to acquire acquainted with the detail and daily labour of a tion of having that intercourse with the peasantry an accurate knowledge of the system that prevails slave, a person must be in a situation similar to of Jamaica which any man has in this country, he in the interior of a plantation, unless he has been that occupied by you-practically concerned in would be necessarily unsuccessful, and would be some time domiciled on an estate ?-I think it ne- | the management of an estate ?
prrvented in some districts. We never pass cessary that he should not only be domiciled, but Yes.
through a negro village ; we see them at the disthat he should be actively employed in some branch Supposing evidence to be given upon the sub-tance of a mile or a quarter of a mile ; but on the of the administration of the estate.
ject by persons of another descriprion, without great roads of communication there is no populaYou do not think it possible for any man to attributing to them any intentional falsehood, tion. I lived in a parish s.me years, and was grossly acquire an accurate knowledge of the system that would it not necessarily be of so vague and inde ignorant of the condition of the negroes at my very prevails in the interior of the plantation unless finite a character that you would attach but little door, because I dare not enter the village. I take he is so employed ?--I should not say it was credit to it?
the Duke of Buckingham's village, within a quarutterly impossible ; for a man may be so consti
ter of a mile of my own house; I know nothing tuted that, though living upon an estate, and not
The witness is directed to withdraw.
about them, though there was nothing but a highartively employed in the management of it, be
The witness is again called in, and the question is , way and a fence between them, and me. way resolutely set himself to work to obtain that information ; but, looking at the aspect of society proposed.
A person travelling through the country would
have little opportunity of judging of the siate and in Jamaica, I do not think any man ever has The expression I observe is “ of another des condition of the slaves? acquired that knowledge ; such a man as Mungo cription."
He would see them in the field working under Park might acquire it, but it is not at all probable You say you think it necessary that a person the driver, and he might see them cross the fields in at any man would.
should be practically concerned in the manage- or the road going to their negro villages, but he is You mean that it is highly improbable? Yes. ment of an estate, in order to enable hiin to form never within the precincts of a negro village. I
Will you have the goodness to state the circum a correct judgment in the point referred to as to have visited hundreds of families in the country, stances which appear to you to make it improbable the daily labour of the slave. You are then asked but I no more thought of leaving my host and going that persons should acquire that information?-1 whether, in respect of persons of another charac- into the negro village than I would in this country think it improbable, because when an individual ter, not practically concerned in the management leave my host and go into the kitchen. goes upon an estate in Jamaica merely as a visitor l of an estate, you would, without attributing to