Page images

vided for our entertainment, after the hard leading up to it, resembling, in this respect, • Resolved, That having the strongest confidence fare we had been obliged to rest satisfied with mony of the hill forts of India, as well as in its in the justice of God and the philanthropy of the on our journey, raised the whole party before general character. About a mile farther on,

free States, we cheerfully submit our destinies to evening into very exhilarating spirits. we came to a beautiful glen, where a large daro

the guidance of Him, who suffers not a sparrow :.“ March 4.-At break of day the well-known tree stood by the side of a winding stream, the

to fall without his special providence." ;

“ NewHAVEN, Aug. 8, 1831. At a meeting of pound of the Baharnegash's voice calling his banks of which were richly covered with ver

the Peace and Benevolent Society of Afric-Amefamily to prayers, excited my attention, when dure; and here we stopped to refresh ourselves

ricans, &c. I immediately arose and joined his party. At during the heat of the day.

• Resolved, That we consider those Christians this moment, the interval of four years, which “At three o'clock we again started; and,

and philanthropists who are boasting of their lihad elapsed since my former visit, appeared after a considerable descent, came to the river berty and equality, saying that all men are born like a mere dream. The prayers which he Angueah, which runs through a bed of granite, free and equal, and yet are endeavouring to recited consisted of the same words, were pro- and shapes its course in a north-west direction remove us from our native land, to be inhuman in nounced in the same tone, and were offered till it joins the Meleg. Beyond this we had their proceedings, defective in their principles, up with the same fervour of devotion which I several steep and rugged precipices to mount, and unworthy of our confidence. had before so often listened to with delight; when we arrived at the house of Ayto Nobilis,

• Resolved, That we consider those colonizaand, when the ceremony was concluded, the a young chief on whom the Ras had lately con

tionists and ministers of the gospel who are advogood old man delivered out his orders for the ferred this district as a reward for military ser

cating our transportation to an unknown clime, day with a patriarchal simplicity and dignity vice: here we passed a pleasant day in the

because our skin is a little darker than theirs,

(notwithstanding God has made of one blood all of manner that was really affecting to contem- | enjoyment of the unrestrained freedom atten

nations of men, and has no respect of persons,) as plate. With this impression still warm on my dant on Abyssinian hospitality.”

violaters of the commandments of God, and the mind, we ascended one of the hills in the Here we conclude for the present, and shall laws of the Bible, and as trying to blind our eyes neighbourhood, and, from the top of it, beheld resume our extracts with the description of an by their blind movements——their mouths being a scene that, as one of my companions remarked, Abyssinian baptism, and the Shangalla slaves smooth as oil, and their words sharper than any was alone a sufficient recompence for the trou I-a race of negroes of the Tacassé.

two-edged sword. ble of passing Taranta. A thousand differ

• Resolved, That while we have no doubt of ently shaped hills were presented to the view,

the sinister motives of the great body of colonizawhich bore the appearance of having been

tionists, we believe some of them are our friends dropped on an irregular plain; and the differ- AMERICAN COLONIZATION SOCIETY.

and well-wishers, who have not looked deeply into ent shades and depths which the varied aspect

the subject; but when they make a careful exaof these hills presented, as the sun emerged

In our last, we went at some length into mination, we think they will find themselves in from

error. the measures of this Society. It now remains the horizon, rendered the scene truly for us to give a staternent of the sentiments

Resolved, That it is our earnest desire that magnificent. * “The country about Dixan, at this season of and conduct of the coloured population against

Africa may speedily become civilized, and receive

religious instruction ; but not by the absurd and the year, wore a scorched and desolate aspect. whom these measures are directed. If any

| invidious plan of the Colonization Society-nameThe only cattle left for the supply of the inhathing were wanting to complete the disgrace

ly, to send a nation of ignorant men to teach a nabitants were milch-goats and kids; large herds of the former body, the contrast between the

tion of ignorant men. We think it most wise for of which were brought in by the shepherds spirit they manifest, and that of the injured

them to send missionaries. every evening, and folded near the skirts of the

race in question, would be more than sufficient • Resolved, That we will resist all attempts town, to protect them from the hyænas and

for that purpose. In this, as in our former ar made for our removal to the torrid shores of other wild beasts which prowl about the neigh

ticle, we shall free ourselves from all suspicion Africa, and will sooner suffer every drop of blood bourhood. * * *

of giving an unfair colour to our statements, to be taken from our veins, than submit to such “ March 5.-Having parted from our Hazortay by adopting the published language of the

unrighteous treatment. parties. friends, we left Dixan at six o'clock in the

• Resolved, That we know of no other place The following resolutions, then, have

been adopted at various public meetings, held morning, attended by the Baharnegash, and

that we can call our true and appropriate home, proceeded with recruited spirits on our journey. by the people of colour, in consequence of the

excepting these United States, into which our fa.

thers were brought, who enriched the country by Our course lay westward; and in about an steps of the Colonization Society.

their toils, and fought, bled, and died in its dehour we reached the lofty hill on which stands " PurLADELPHIA, Jan. 1817. At a numerous fence, and left us in its possession--and here we the village of Hadehadid, where the women, meeting of the people of colour convened at Bethel will live and die."" as we passed, greeted us with the usual accla Church, to take into consideration the propriety of “ PITTSBURGH, Sept. 1831. At a large and mation, heli, li, li, li, li, li, li, li, which resem remonstrating against the contemplated measure respectable meeting of the coloured citizens of bles the ziroleet of the Syrians. We journeyed

that is to exile us from the land of our nati Pittsburgh, convened at the African-Methodist hence, nearly due south, across the plain of vity, &c.

Episcopal Church.

i Whereas our ancestors (not of choice) were Resolved, That we hold these truths to be Zarai, which at this time looked very bare of verdure, the stream passing through it being

| the first successful cultivators of the wilds of Ame- self-evident; that all men are created equal, and

rica, we their descendants feel ourselves entitled endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable completely dried up. The whole country, in

to participate in the blessings of her luxuriant soil, rights; that among these are life, liberty, and deed, had the appearance of being scorched; which their blood and sweat manured ; and that the pursuit of happiness.—Liberty and Equality and we did not meet with water until we had any measure or system of measures, having a ten- | now, Liberty and Equality for ever. passed the high rock of Addicota. * * dency to banish us from her bosom, would not · Resolved, That it is the decided opinion of

“March 8.-At five in the morning we de only be cruel, but in direct violation of those prin. this meeting, that African colonization is a scheme scended from Legote, and soon afterwards ciples which have been the boast of this re- to drain the better-informed part of the coloured crossed an extensive and well-cultivated plain, public. public.

people out of these United States, so that the chain to the left of which, as we proceeded south

. Resolved, That we view with deep abhorrence of slavery may be riveted more tightly; but we

e unmerited stigma attempted to be cast upon ward, lay the mountain of Devre Damo, one

are determined not to be cheated out of our rights of those distinguished fastnesses which, in the

the reputation of the free people of colour, by the by the colonization men, or any other set of inearliest periods of the Abyssinian history,

promoters of this measure; "that they are a dan- triguers. We believe there is no philanthropy in

gerous and useless part of the community;" when, the colonization plan towards the people of colour; served as a place of confinement for the

the state of disfranchisement in which they but that it is got up to delude us away from our younger branches of the family of the reigning live, in the hour of danger they ceased to remem country and home, to the burning shores of sovereign. The reader will easily conceive ber their wrongs, and rallied round the standard of | Africa. that my thoughts immediately recurred to the their country.

Resolved, That we, the coloured people of beautiful and instructive romance, founded on Resolved, That we never will separate our Pittsburgh, and citizens of these United States, this custom, by Dr. Johnson. I feel I shall selves, voluntarily, from the slave population in view the country in which we live, as our only stand excused for observing, that the reflections this country; they are our brethren by the ties of true and proper home. We are just as much nawhich his interesting tale (Rasselas) gave rise consanguinity, of suffering, and of wrong ; and tives here, as the members of the Colonization Soto on this, as well as on many other occasions,

we feel that there is more virtue in suffering pria ciety. Here we were born-here bred-here are added greatly, from | vations with them, than fancied advantages for a

our earliest and most pleasant associations-here is a natural association of

season. ideas, to the pleasure which I experienced in

all that binds man to earth, and makes life valu• Resolved, That without arts, without science,

able. And we do consider every coloured man, traversing the wild regions of Ethiopia. “The mountain of Devre Damo appears to

without a proper knowledge of government, to cast who allows himself to be colonized in Africa, or

into the savage wilds of Africa, the free people of elsewhere, a traitor to our cause. be completely scalped on every side, and is colour seems to us, the circuitous route by which

Resolved, That we are freemen, that we are very difficult of access, having only one path they must return to perpetual bondage.

brethren, that we are countrymen and


zens, and as fully entitled to the free exercise of of citizens, and more than two millions held in respect, and always showed, by their conduct. the elective franchise as any men who breathe ; | abject slavery, yet we know that God is just and that they considered themselves her servants" and that we demand an equal share of protection | ever true to his purpose. Before him the whole Deserted by those who had been her egnals in from our federal government with any class of ci. | world stands in awe, and at his command nations station, and who had professed themselves they

bunity. We now inform the Co- must obey. He who has lately pleaded the in. friends whilst she was in affluence, this and lonization Society, that should our reason forsake dian's cause in our land, and who has brought

lady passed the remainder of her days in comus, then we may desire to remove. We will ap. about many signal events, to the astonishment of

fort and ease, amid those who had once beer prise them of this change in due season.

our generation, we believe is in the whirlwind, • Resolved, that we, as the citizens of these and will soon bring about the time when the

the time when the her dependents. Recollections of the Mauria United States, and for the support of these reso- sable sons of America will join with their fairer | tius, by a Lady. lutions, with a firm reliance on the protection of brethren, and re-echo liberty and equal rights in all Divine Providence, do mutually pledge to each parts of Columbia's soil.

THE EVENING CLOUD. other, our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred ho- “ We pray the Lord to hasten the day, when nour, not to support a colony in Africa, nor in prejudice, inferiority, degradation, and oppression

| A cloud lay cradled near the setting sun, Upper Canada, nor yet emigrate to Ilayti. Here shall be done away, and the kingdoms of this

A gleam of crimson tinged its braided snow; we were born-here will we live by the help of the world become the kingdoms of our God and his

Long had I watched the glory moving on Almighty-and here we will die, and let our bones Christ."

O'er the soft radiance of the lake below. lie with our fathers."

Tranquil its spirit seemed, and floated slow:

That such a state of things should have E'en in its very motion there was rest; From an address to the coloured citizens of arisen in the reputed land of freedom may While every breath of eve that chanced to blow Brooklyn, New York, issued in pursuance of a well grieve the benevolent and pious. We Wafted the traveller to the beauteous west. meeting of the coloured inhabitants of that regret it for the sake of America herself, but | Emblem, methought, of the departed soul, township, June 3, 1831, we extract the follow- much more on account of the interests of hu.

To whose white robe the gleam of bliss is gires ; ing forcible and pathetic remonstrance : manity, which are so deeply involved. Surely,

And, by the breath of mercy, made to roll

· Right onward to the golden gates of heaven, " Brethren, it is time for us to awake to our inbe to our in the philanthropists and Christians of the United

Where to the eye of faith it peaceful lies, terests: for the Colonization Society is straining States will soon rouse themselves from their |

And tells to may his glorious destinies. every nerve for the accomplishment of its objects. | lethargy, and redeem their country from such

WIL90x. By their last publications we see that they have in- deep disgrace. At any rate, the inhabitants voked all Christian assemblies and churches of Britain should be protected from the impo

TO THE READERS OF “ THE TOURIST." throughout the Union, to exert their influence, by sition. We speak deliberately, when we say raising subscriptions, to send us (the strangers that every farthing obtained from Britain | A MOST USEFUL INVENTION.- HAWwithin their gaies, as they call us) to the coast of by the agents of this Society, is procured under | PRESERVER, for the reception, and instantly binding

A KINS'S PATENT PAMPHLET and LETTER Africa. They have got the consent of eleven | false pretences, and ought, therefore, in com in regular series, “The Tourist,” “The Penny," and States, who have instructed their senators to do mon honesty, to be returned. The Anti

other Magazines, Newspapers, Music, Counting-honse De something in the next Congress for our removal.

cuments, Prints, and all the cheap Periodicals, Pamphlete, Slavery public has been grossly hoaxed. The Letters, &c. Maryland calls imperatively on the general go

This invention is the cheapest, and the only

one that constantly preserves the appearance of a book, real character of this institution has been convernment to send us away, or else they will colo

and may be had in every style of binding, from 1s. 6d. fox nize their own free blacks. They have, by their cealed from their view ; but, now that th « The Mirror" size, 2s, Bd. “Penny Magazine” size, and influence, stopped the emancipation of slaves in a are informed of its nature, they know no terins upwards—"The Tourist," 3s. Sold' Wholesale and Retail

by J. Duncoinbe, 19, Little Queen-street, Holborn, sole measure, except for colonization purposes. too strong to express their detestation of it.

Manufacturer, by appointment, and by all Booksellers. " We owe a tribute of respect to the State of New York, for her not having entered into the con

For Convulsion Fits, Epileptic Fits. federacy. Though she is the last in proclaiming

DR. HADLEY'S POWDERS, a safe and general emancipation to the slave, yet we find her GRATITUDE IN A SLAVE.

certain Cure for Inward Weakness, Convnlsion Fits, slow in adopting any such unchristian measures.

Epileptic Fits, Hysterics, and Nervons Complaints. We may well say, she is deliberate in her councils, A LADY residing at the Mauritius, many

These Powders possess extraordinary properties, and, by and determinate in her resolutions. years ago, emancipated a slave, whose good due perseverance in their application, effect a safe and

certain cure in all cases of Relaxation, Debility, and “ Finally, Brethren, we are not strangers; nei conduct and fidelity she wished to reward;

Weakness in Children and Adults: give immediate reliet ther do we come under the alien law. Our con- being in affluent circumstances, she gave him, I to the suffering Infant, or Grown Persons afflicted with stitution does not call upon us to become natural- with his freedom, a sum of money which

Convul:ion Fits; also in cases of Epilepsy, or Falling Fits.

In Lassitude and Nervous Debility, Hysterics, and Spas. ized; we are already American citizens ; our

modic Complaints, these Powders present a grand restofathers were among the first that peopled this and being very industrious and thrifty, he rative; also extirpate Fits wbich Females are snbject to country; their sweat and their tears have been the

during Pregnancy. They strengthen the stomach, increase soon became rich enough to purchase a small | means, in a measure, of raising our country to its

the appetite, proinote digestion, and, finally, invigorate the est

whole frame, without confinement, change of diet, er present standing. Many of them fought, and bled, and died for the gaining of her liberties; and shall

his family. Years passed away; and, whilst hindrance of business. we forsake their tombs, and flee to an unknown he was rapidly accumulating money, his for

From Lord l'iscount Amiens. land ? No! let us remain over them and weep,

mer mistress was sinking into poverty; mis To Mr. Rowland. until the day arrives when Ethiopia shall stretch fortune had overtaken her, and she found her

Sir-I feel I should be doing you the greatest injustice,

and also to the public generally, were I to withhold frons forth her hands to God. We were born and nur self, in old age, poor, solitary, neglected, and

you my testimony in favour of your inestimable medicine, tured in this Christian land; and are surrounded in want of the common necessaries of life. Dr. Hadley's Powders, which, under Providence, las by Christians, whose sacred creed is, to do unto all This man heard of her unhappy condition,

been the means of restoring my infant child under cir

cumstances the most unparalleled, having the first medical men as ye would they should do unto you—to and immediately came to the town and sought advice, and no more effect than momentary relief. Thec love our neighbours as ourselves; and which ex. | her out in her humble abode; with the utmost

infant daily declining, insoinuch that the bones were nearly pressly declares, if we have respect to persons,

through the skin, in this wretched situation I administered respect he expressed his concern at finding his we commit sin.

daily your powders, and no other medicine ; and, to the Let us, Brethren, invoke the Christian's God in our behalf, to do away the plored her to come to his estate, and allow honoured lady in so reduced a state, and im astonishment even of my medical friends, it bad the bar

piest result in restoring iny inrant to perfect health. I prejudices of our brethren, that they may adopt

shall be most happy to satisfy any respectable inquirer (Dy the solemn truths of the gospel, and acknowledge him the gratification of providing for her fu

previous appointment) in person.

I am, Sir, that God is no respecter of persons that he has | ture comforts. made of one blood all the nations that dwell on The lady was much affected at the feeling

Your much obliged and most obedient servant, the face of the earth-that they may no longer evinced by her old servant, but declined his Temple House, January 7, 1824. bring their reasonings in contact with the omnis. offer; he could not, however, be prevailed on

These Powders are faithfully prepared and solel by itse cience of Deity; and insinuate to the public, i to relinquish his design. “My good mistress,” | sole Proprietors, A. ROWLAND and SON, 20, Haltos that our intellect and faculties are measurably in

Garden. Packages at 28. Od, and 4s. 6d. per packet, or in said he,“ oblige me by accepting my services; bottles containing three 4s. 6d. at Ils. each, and in larger ferior to those of our fairer brethren. Because when you were rich you were kind to me; bottles 22s. each, daty included, adversity has thrown a veil over us, and we, whom you gave me freedom and money with whicb' Sold, by appointment, by Mr. Sanger, Medicine Ware. God has created to worship, admire, and adore his ihr

house, 150, Oxford.street : Messrs. Barclay and Sons, 95, divine attributes, shall we be held in a state of his through God's blessing, I have been enabled Fleet Market: Edwards, 66, St. Paul's Churcb-yard; C.

Butler, 4, Cheapside ; W. Sutton and Co., Bow Churchwretchedness and degradation, with monkeys, ba.

yard : Pront, 229, Strand; Johnston, Cornhill, and Greekboons, slaves, and cattle, because we possess a only do my duty in asking you to share my

street, Soho; J. and C. Evans, Long-lane, Smitbhekt; darker hue?

prosperity when you are in need." His urgent and Bolton and Tatt, Royal Exchange. “ We feel it our duty ever to remain true to the

entreaties at length prevailed, and the lady | constitution of our country, and to protect it, as I was conveyed, in his palanquin, to the com- | Printed by J. HADDON and Co.; and Published we have always done, from foreign aggressions.- fortable and well-furnished apartments as by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Although more than three hundred thousand of us signed to her by his grateful care; his wife Row, where all Advertisements and Communiare virtually deprived of the rights and immunities and daughters received her with the utmost cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][subsumed]

This ancient edifice was erected by was surrounded with walls, and fortified | within the space of one year by the laEdward the First, about the vear 1283, | by towers, from which circumstance it is bour of the peasants. The external state together with several others, the design said to have taken its name, being de- of the walls is at present exactly as at of which was to secure the recent con- rived from words which, in the ancient the time of the founder. They are dequests of the King in this country. The British language, signify a walled town. fended by a number of circular towers, town of Caernarvon, to which this castle. It is considered to occupy the site of a and have two principal gates, the east was a kind of citadel, was built at the still more ancient town, called Segon- I looking toward the mountains, and the same time, and the expences were said to i tium, where some ancient historians af- / west towards the sea. From whatever have been defrayed by the appropriation firm that Constantius, the father of Con- aspect it is viewed, it has a striking and of the revenues of the archbishopric of stantine the Great, lay buried.

venerable appearance. The entrance into York, which was then vacant. The town The castle is said to have been built the castle is very august ; beneath a large tower, on the front of which appears as manship, are visible demonstrations of... ON COACHES. statue of the founder, with a dagger in the small progress that elegancy had

I IN the great old coaches of former times his hand, as if to indicate the character made in our ornamental decorations."

ade 1A our ornamental decorations. | there were two stools, or seats, opposite the of his policy towards his newly acquired T On the top of the uprights are two doves; I doors, on which persons sat back to back look. subiects. The walls of this fortress are the cradle itself is pendent on two staples, | ing out at the side windows, as we still see the about seven feet nine inches in thickness, driven into the uprights, linked by two Chaplain and the Speaker of the House of and have within them a narrow gallery, rings fastened to the cradle, and by them | Commons when he uses his state-coach. Mr. with narrow slips for the discharge of it swings. The sides and ends of the cra- | Speaker's coach, however, cumbrous as it is, arrows. The walls of the Eagle Tower dle are ornamented with a great variety

gives an inadequate idea of the vast machines

of former days, which were rather closets on are nearly two feet thicker. It is at once of mouldings, whose junctions at the cor

wheels than what we would call coaches. the most splendid and the most eventfulner are not united, but cut off square When Henry IV. was stabbed, there were part of the building, and derives its name without any degree of neatness, and the

seven persons in the coach with him, and yet from the figure of an eagle, which sur- | sides and ends fastened together with nobody saw the blow; and the murderer might, mounts it. It is remarkable as having rough nails.

if he pleased, have escaped. And when Louis been the place where Eleanor, the Queen

XIV. declared his grandson King of Spain, he of Edward the First, gave birth to the

took him the first stage in his own coach, CROCODILES OF THE ORINOCO.

which held with great convenience the whole unfortunate Edward the Second, who ANGOSTURA, so named from its being placed

royal family. “The two kings," says St. was first styled Prince of Wales. The on a narrow part of the river Orinoco, during the period that Spain held these possessions as

Simon, “and the Duchess of Burgundy, sat reason which induced the royal founder

on one side ; the Dauphin and the Dukes of to arrange that this event should take

colonies, was the capital of Spanish Guiana.
It now forms part of the new independent State

Burgundy and Berry opposite; and the Duke place in Caernarvon Castle are thus sta

and Duchess of Orleans at the two doors." of Ecuador. It stands at the foot of a hill of ted by ancient historians :-Edward, per- horneblend slate, destitute of vegetation. The

A most illustrious coachful! ceiving the inflexible resolution of the streets are regular, and generally parallel to

Even down to our own time the King of

France maintained this cumbrous parade. On Welsh, and that they were obstinately de- the course of the stream. The houses are

the horrible 6th of October, 1789, when the termined to obey none but a prince of high, and built of stone; although the town

populace dragged their humiliated king to their own country, contrived this as an is not exempt from earthquakes. At the

Paris from Versailles, there were in his maperiod of Humholdt's visit, the population was expedient to satisfy them. His Queen only 6000. There is little variety in the sur

jesty's coach the King, the Queen, the Dauwas shortly expecting her confinement,

phin, the Duchess of Angouleme, the present rounding scenery; but the view of the river is and, notwithstanding the severity of the singularly majestic. When the waters are

King (then Monsieur), his wife, Madame Elizseason (it being now the depth of winter), | bigh, they inundate the quays, and it some

abeth, and Madame de Tourzel. There was

one circumstance in this procession which dishe removed her to Caernarvon Castle. times happens that, even in the streets, impru

tinguished it from, I believe, any other which When the time for the expected event dent persons fall a prey to the crocodiles, which

ever existed. It was preceded by two men, was arrived, he called together all the

are very numerous.
Humboldt relates that, at the time of his

bearing on pikes the heads of two of the king's barons and nobles of Wales, to meet him stay at Angostura, an Indian from the island

body-guards, that very morning murdered in at Ruthlan, to consult on the general of Marguerita, having gone to anchor his

his palace; and, with a refinement of saninterests of their country; and, being in canoe in a cove where there was not three feet of

guinary levity, the procession was stopped

while a bair-dresser curled and powdered the formed that his Queen was delivered of water, a very fierce crocodile that frequented the

hair of the ghastly heads. a son, he told the Welsh nobility that, spot seized him by the leg, and carried him

When Queen Elizabeth went to St. Paul's off. With astonishing courage he searched " whereas they had oftentimes entreated

to return thanks for the defeat of the Armada, him to appoint them a prince, he, having

for a knife in his pocket, but not finding it,

thrust his fingers into the animal's eyes. The at this occasion to depart out of their

“ she did come in a chariot throne, with four

pillars behind to bear a canopie, on the top monster, however, did not let go his hold, but country, would comply with their request,

whereof was a crown imperial, and two lower plunged to the bottom of the river, and, after on condition that they would allow of, drowning bis victim, came to the surface, and

| pillars before, whereon stood a lion and a and obey, him whom he should name. | dragged his body to an island.

dragon, supporters of the arms of England,

drawn by two white horses." The Welsh readily agreed to the propo- The number of individuals who perish an

Coaches were introduced into England in sal, only with the same reserve, that he th the same reserve that be mually in this manner is very great; especially

the latter end of the queen's reign, and she should appoint them

in villages where the neighbouring grounds
a prince of their
are inundated. The same crocodiles remain

in her old age used, reluctantly, such an own nation. The King assured them

effeminate conveyance. They were at first that he would name such a one as was daring from year to year, especially, as the Inlong in the same places, and become more

drawn only by two horses; “but,” says Urban, born in Wales, could speak no English, dians assert, if they have once tasted human

“the rest crept in by degrees, as men at first

venture to sea.”. and whose life and conversation nobody flesh. They are not easily killed, as their skin

The Duke of Buckingham was the first who could stain; whom the Welsh agreeing is impenetrable,-the throat and the space beto obey, he named his own son Edward,

ventured on six horses, which created at the tween the shoulders being the only parts but little before born at Caernarvon Caswhere a ball or spear can enter.

time great scandal, and was looked upad as a The natives

mark of the mastering spirit of the favourtle.” The birth of this prince took place catch them with large iron hooks baited with

ite. « The stout old earl of Northumberland," meat, and attached to a chain fastened to a in a room in this tower, not twelve feet tree. After the animal has struggled for a

who had been in the Tower ever since the gunlong nor eight in breadth, so little did a considerable time, they attack it with lances.

powder-plot, “when he got luose, thought, if royal consort, in those days, consult either Affecting examples are related of the intre

| Buckingham had six, he might have eight in pidity of African slaves in attempting to rescue

his coach, with which he rode through the pomp or convenience.

city of London, to the vulgar talk and admiThe cradle of the unhappy prince is

their masters from the jaws of these voracious still preserved, and is now in the possesreptiles. Not many years ago, in the Llanos


Buckingham also seems to have been one of of Calabogo, a degro, attracted by the cries of sion of a gentleman, to whom it descend

the first importers of chairs, called sedan-chairs, his owner, armed himself with a long knife, ed from one of his ancestors, who attended and, plunging into the river, forced the animal,

and his being carried on men's shoulders gave the child in his infancy, and to whom it by scooping out its eyes, to leave its prey, and

rise to great clamour and loathing against

him, as having reduced men to the condition became an honorary perquisite. A draw-| take to flight. The natives, being daily ex

of beasts. In a few years afterwards they ing of it is published in the London Ma- posed to similar dangers, think little of thein.

came into general use, like hackney-coaches. gazine for 1774, together with the folThey observe the manners of the crocodile, as

-Note in Marshal de Bassempierre's Embassy lowing description :-“This singular piece

the Torero studies those of the bull; and is made of heart of oak, whose simplicity lits means of attack, and the degree of its auquietly calculate the motions of the enemy,

to the Court of England. of construction, and rudeness of work- dacity.- Cabinet Library, Humboldt's Travels.


against the prisoner, and the chief justice sen- | his condition by asserting his right to enfran

tenced him to six months' imprisonment, with chisement. SIR,-Having resided in Jamaica during the out bail or mainprise, and the slave was de The parishes of Jamaica are equal in extent years 1818 and 1819, I beg to offer the follow- clared “free, and discharged from all manner to the average size of the Scotch counties. ing remarks by way of postscript to Mr. C. of servitude." By this mode of stating the Almost the whole of the churches are placed Johnston's “Disjoined Facts," relative to that case to the public, it would appear that mark- on the coast, and consequently the greater island, in your fourth monthly number. There ing the initials of the names of the owner and number of the plantations are at too great a are two classes of slaves in Jamaica-one be- estate on the skin of the negro was the more distance to admit of attendance at church, even longing to the proprietors of plantations, and flagrant portion of the charge against the pri- if the overseers encouraged an observance of the other belonging to whites and free people soner. But let me inform them that marking, the Sabbath; and how could one or two of colour residing in the towns. The planta- | or, to speak more literally, branding the bodies churches accommodate from 16,000 to 20,000 tion slaves receive about seven salt herrings of the poor negroes, was an universal practice people, the average population of each parish? weekly from their masters. The grounds al- when I was in Jamaica. I now hold in my so that the Christian ordinances are altogether lotted them for the cultivation of vegetables hand the supplement to the Cornwall Gazetie unknown to the plantation slave. The planters only supply a variety of indigestible roots, and of Jamaica for October 14th, of the year in make a great noise about the money which the plantain fruit, which is usually roasted in which the above trial occurred. In this sup- may be made by the negro by attending market an unripe state, not being a fit article of diet plement one hundred and fifty-four runaway on Sundays; but in crop-season he is not unwhen at maturity. Unless in crop season, slaves are advertised as prisoners in various frequently employed in the boiling-house on that is, during the manufacture of the sugar, workhouses, and almost every one of them has the Sabbath, and, from what I have said, it is when the slaves have an opportunity of pro- been branded or burned with a hot metal evident the market towns are at too great a curing syrup from the boiling-house, they are stamp on various parts of their bodies, &c. distance for the majority of them to attend for very generally afflicted with a cachexy, re- The first individual on the list is described as any purpose, either spiritual or temporal. Nor sulting from a want of sufficient nourishment, Frances, a Creole (i. e., colonial horn) female, is the slave recognized by law as thie possessor over exertion, oppressive treatment, and other who has been branded on both shoulders and of any property, nor has he any protection debilitating causes. The juices of the stomach both breasts. These prisoners, who have all against the rapacity of his master. become vitiated, its functions impaired, and a fled from their tyrannical task-masters, if not Negroes which belong to whites and people morbid acidity is generated, which induces the claimed within a certain period, are sold to of colour residing in the towns, are usually victim of this malady to eat chalk, earth, or defray expenses; and upwards of twenty are hired out in gangs to work on the plantations any absorbent substance, which nature may advertised accordingly in the above mentioned for wages. Their owners only allow them a suggest as a remedy for his sufferings. The list, one of which number declares that a white trifle from these wages for their support, and disease, in the common language of the colony, man has deprived her of her ticket of freedom. retain the remainder for their own use. Many is called " dirt-eating." Each plantation has The remaining column of the supplement is of these slaves are instructed in the mechanical its hospital or hot-house, and against the wall occupied with a list of strayed horses and arts, that their wages may produce a greater of one of the apartments is erected a bench, at cattle, also branded in like manner. In this surplus, to which, by law, the master is entitled. an eleration of three or four feet from the cold respect, then, the temporal position of the People who thus hire out their negroes are clay floor; and projecting, perhaps, about six slave is nothing better than that of the beasts denominated jobbers; they are generally feet along the outer edge of this bench, is that perish. Nay, it is even worse ; a mule tradesmen, who, having acquired money suffifixed an iron bar, to which the poor cachectics or horse is not killed for kicking his master; | cient to purchase a few slaves, retire from are secured by iron anklets, their bloated bo- but if a slave raise his hand against any white business, and live on the hard-earned savings dies reclining on the bare boards. This the man his punishment by law is death. I have of these poor creatures. planter pretends is done with the humane in- already stated that floggings are limited to The overseers are a class of men drawn from tention of preventing them from gratifying their thirty-nine stripes, but there is no security

hirty-nine stripes, but there is no security | the lower and uneducated orders of their cravings. Many slaves die annually from this against the too frequent repetition of the chas- native country. Their society cannot afford disease, and many become victims of despond- tisement. The opinion of the medical attend pleasure or comfort to individuals of a higher ency while under its influence, and put a ant of the estate is never consulted on the grade; they are too prone to cultivate depraved period to their miseries by suicide.

subject, nor is any competent judge required and convivial association for the gratification The master's power of inflicting punish- to attend the infliction of punishment. We of their inteni perate habits. These inebriates ment on the slave is now limited, by law, to are told by the planters that the use of chains indulge in bacchanal potations of the coarsest thirty-nine stripes; but there is no protection has been abolished throughout the colonies; description-equal parts of lime juice and against an inconsiderate repetition of the pu- but have they not substituted the stocks - rum, &c. &c.--and one and all of them keep nishment either by him or his tyrannical sub- and would not the punishment be less severe a number of their female slaves about their ordinates. The slave who dares to complain if the prisoner could move about to the extent houses in a state of concubinage. Men accusto the attorney, on facts, of the cruelty of the of a chain, than when his legs are secured to tomed to encourage this corruption of their overseer or manager of the estate, does it at an immoveable bar of iron, or beam of timber, natures cannot be expected to cultivate huthe risk of an additional flogging; and how denominated the stocks ? They also tell us mane feelings towards their unfortunate bondcan the complaint reach the ear of an impar- that the negro is by law allowed twenty-six servants. They are dead to all sense of virtue, tial magistrate through this channel, as they days of the year to cultivate his provision and, “ under the dominion of Satan and their are all interested in supporting the diaboli- grounds, exclusive of the Sabbath. I have lusts,” running riot in their pride, prejudices, cal system of oppression ? The slave bas never already noticed that the negro depends on the and passions. A few exceptions may certainly been acknowledged as a party in any civil suit supplies of his master, as well as his own ex be made; but through the whole of them there or prosecution. It is only by indictment on | ertion, for his sustenance. If the proprietor is is a great family likeness. the part of the crown that he is relieved from too avaricious to be willing, or too poor to be his civil incapacities. I pever knew of redressable, to import a sufficient supply of salt her

-“ Facies non omnibus una for cruelty to a slave, unless in one instance, rings to eke out the scanty produce of the

Nec diversa tainen."

P. ROLLAND. which occurred in January, 1818. Joseph slave-garden, what must be the situation of Boyden was tried under the slave act for cru the hard-working negro, more especially if elly, maliciously, and wantonly maltreating, sickness has disabled him from cultivating his by flogging and marking in different parts of ground? Are the slaves educated, or provided

NECESSITY AND INVENTION. the body, a Sambo slave, named Amey, his with the means of attending to religious duproperty, jointly with others. The Jamaica ties? A plantation slave neither receives school A CURIOUS catalogue might be made of the Royal Gazette stated that Amey had com- learning nor religious instruction; he is not shifts to which ingenious students in different mitted some transgression, which induced her taught a sense of good and evil, the necessity departments of art have resorted, when, like to apply to a neighbour to intercede with her | of obedience and gratitude to God, or the hope Davy, they have wanted the proper instrumaster for forgiveness, which he agreed to of eternal life. Some schools have been estab-ments for carrying on their inquiries or expegrant, but she was afterwards marked in five lished by subscription for the education of free riments. His is not the first case in which places with the initials of his name, and that people of colour, but the slave is wilfully kept the stores of an apothecary's shop are recorded of the property he owned. In consequence of in a state of total ignorance. The planters are to have fed the enthusiasm, and materially conduct so contrary to every principle of hu- aware that knowledge would lead him to ap-assisted the labours, of the young cultivator of manity, she left her home, &c. The jury, after preciate liberty, to a due sense of his abject natural science. The German chemist, Scheele, due deliberation, returned a verdict of guilty and debased state, and a desire to ameliorate who has just been mentioned, and whose name

« PreviousContinue »