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It is too generally true that those who ment than that of this beautiful spot. It | figure in this profession, and sent him, enlarge the territories of their country, may not be uninteresting to the reader to not yet fourteen years of age, to study at who adorn it with public works, and add meet with a somewhat minute description | Montpelier, a town finely situated for to its physical resources, are held in per- of the place to which Petrarch has, by this / health and pleasure, with a university petual remembrance, while those who en- and many other events of his life, at- famous for the skill of its professors, rich its language, and adorn its literature, tached so much interest. The following both in physic and law. The Roman are comparatively neglected and forgot- is from the pen of Ugo Foscolo :
| law had been taught there from the ten. This, however, can scarcely be al The valley of Vaucluse is one of those works twelfth century. Petrarch studied here leged of Petrarch and his countrymen. of nature which five centuries have been un
four years; but it was so much lost time, All their nationality seems to be enlisted
able to disturb. On leaving Avignon the eye for he could not be brought to fix his
of the traveller reposes on an expanse of beauin favour of his fame, and every thing tiful meadow till he arrives on a plain varieda
attention on such dry subjects ; I could and every place which can be brought by numerous vineyards. At a short distance
not, says he, deprave my mind by such a into even a conjectural connexion with
the hills begin to ascend, covered with trees, system of chicanery as the present forms the poet, derive their chief interest from which are reflected on the Sorga, the waters of law exhibit. that circumstance.
of which are so limpid, their course so rapid, Petrarco, perceiving his slow progress, Petrarch was born at Arezzo, in Tus
and their sounds so soft, that the poet describes sent him to Bologna, a place of still cany, of a respectable Florentine family ; them truly when he says “ that they are liquid |
higher renown for persons of this profesand his father being banished during the
crystal, the murmurs of which mingle with the infancy of his son, the latter was taken
sion ; but he succeeded no better there songs of birds to fill the air with harmony."
Its banks are covered with aquatic plants, and than at Montpelier What a grief to to Ancise, in the valley of Arno, fourteen in those places where the falls or the rapidity | Petrarco, to find that, instead of applying miles from Florence. Here he was brought of the current prevent their being distinguished, to the law, his son passed whole days in up by his mother till he was seven years it seems to roll over a bed of green marble. reading ancient authors, and, above all, old. After this period the father, losing Nearer the source, the soil is sterile; and, as the poets, with whom he was infatuated ! all hope of settling himself again in Flothe channel grows narrow, the waves break
He took a journey to Bologna, to rerence, from which the violence of a poli
against the rocks, and roll in a torrent of foam
and spray, glittering with the reflection of the medy, it possible, this evil, which he aptical faction had removed him, departed
prismatic colours. On advancing still farther prehended would be so fatal to his son. with his family to Avignon, whither the up the river, the traveller finds himself in- Petrarch, who did not expect his father, holy see had been transferred from Rome. closed in a semicircular recess, formed by rocks ran to hide the manuscripts of Cicero, Here young Petrarch first commenced his inaccessible on the right, and abrupt and pre- Virgil, and some other poets, of whose friendship for Gui Settimo, the son of a cipitous on the left, rising into obelisks, pyra
works he had formed a little library, deGenoese, with whom his father was acmids, and every fantastic shape, and from the
priving himself of every other enjoyment midst of them a thousand rivulets descend. quainted, and a youth of about his own The valley is terminated by a mountain, per
to become master of these treasures. age. From Avignon, however, both fapendicularly scarped from the top to the bot
Petrarco having discovered the place in milies shortly removed to Carpentras, a tom, and through a natural porch of concen- which they were concealed, took them pleasant town a few miles distant; and tric arches he enters a vast cavern, the silence out before his face, and cast them all here Petrarch was placed under the care and darkness of which are interrupted only by into the fire. Petrarch, in an agony of of Convenole, a Tuscan school-master, of the murmuring and the sparkling of the waters desnoir
despair, cried out, as if he himself had whom Petrarch said, many years after, in a basin, which forms the principal source
been precipitated into the flames, which of the Sorga. This basin, the depth of which that he resembled the whetstone which has never yet been fathomed, overflows in the
he saw devouring what was most dear to sharpened knives, but remained dull it
spring, and it then sends forth its waters with his imagination. self. Under him, however, and by the
such an impetuosity as to force them through Our poet, however, yielded to the dicaid of the elementary instruction which a fissure in the top of the cavern, at an eleva- tates of filial duty, and, in the teeth of he had received from him, Petrarch soon tion of nearly a hundred feet on the mountain, / all his predispositions and tastes, pressed left his companions behind him in his whence they gradually precipitate themselves
forward in the study to which his father scholastic studies, and particularly in his from height to height in cascades, sometimes
had appointed him. But nature was alshowing, and sometimes concealing, in their proficiency in the Latin language; and foam the huge masses of rock which they
ways stronger than his efforts, though from the age of ten to fifteen he learned
hurry along. The roar of the torrents never I prompted by so powerful a motive. At as much of grammar, rhetoric, and logic, ceases during the long rains, while it seems as this time he became acquainted with two as could be acquired in the schools of if the rocks themselves were dissolved away, of the best poets of that day, among the that day. At about this age he appears
and the thunder re-echoed from cavern to ca- professors at the University of Bologna, either to have first received the germ of yern..
the derm ofl vern. The awful solemnity of this spectacle | Cino de Pestove, and Cecco de Asoli. It poetical genius, or, at least, to have exis varied by the rays of the sun, which, towards
was rather singular that Cino had three perienced that which chiefly effected its
evening particularly, refracts and reflects its development, from a visit to the cele
various tints on the cascades. After the dogs | pupils who have done him, and their
days the rocks become arid and black, the country, and themselves, the highest hobrated fountain and valley of Vaucluse. I basin resumes its level, and the valley returns nour-viz., Petrarch, Boccace, and bar. He appears to have been inspired with to a profound stillness.
tholi. all the enthusiasm which beauty of na- In this beautiful solitude did the sus-1 The professors soon discovered the tatural scenery can infuse into a young and I ceptible mind of Petrarch become in- lents and the poetical genius of Petrarca, ardent mind; and in many of his poems, spired with that fancy and sensibility and directed their endeavours to the culin after life, he kindles, at the recollec- / which constituted through life the source tivation of the latter. But while he was tion of the sweets of that sequestered of all his pleasures and all his sufferings. | thus vacillating between his inclinations spot, into a strain of poetry by which | The time, however, shortly arrived when and his duty, he received intelligence of they and he are alike immortalized. Nor his father thought it necessary to seek an | his mother's death, and his father, unable need we wonder at this effect. The power l establishment for his son. Science and I to support his loss, survived her but a few of sympathizing with nature may be con- letters were held in contempt even at | months. Petrarch, therefore, and als sidered as one of the most distinctive | Avignon, though the residence of the brother, being suddenly left in this un. features of the poetic character; and, most polite and witty court in Europe. I protected state, put their affairs in order: supposing this to have existed, perhaps Law was the only study which led to and entered together on the profession of there was no natural scenery which was fortune, and Petrarco, observing the ta- | divinity, as the most promising pathu more calculated to promote its develop-| lents of his son, hoped he would make a ) that eminence which they alike thirsted for.
(To be Continued.)
WONDERFUL INSTINCTS IN INSECTS. | been clearly ascertained. Thus clothed, and other. His dogs were so blinded by them, as
shining like a ball of quicksilver, it' darts to be obliged to lie down and scrape themA species of spider (Mygale cementaria), inhabiting the south of Europe, constructs a cy
through the waters, to the spot in which it had selves. About 9 A. M. these films, some an lindrical cavity more than two feet long, in
fixed its habitation, and disengaging the bub- inch broad and six long, fell from a height,
ble from under the pellicle, it dexterously in- and continued to do so the whole day, with a some sloping bank, calculated to let the water
troduces it into a web formed at the bottom. velocity which proved their weight. When run off; the inside is lined with a web of fine silk. But, in addition to the sagacity of choos
After repeatedly moving from the top to the the most elevated parts of the country were
bottom of the water, and at each journey fill- ascended, the gossamers were seen to fall ing a steep bank and the luxury of furnishing its retreat with silk, this spider has the power
ing its habitation with a fresh bubble of air, from higher regions; and, twinkling and glit
at length the lighter completely expels the tering in the sun, they appeared like a starry of constructing a regular door: for this pur
heavier fluid, and the insect takes possession of shower, fixing the attention even of the most pose it joins and cements layers of clay or
an aerial habitation, commodious and dry, incurious. chalk with its glutinous secretions, and thus contrives to make a door exactly circular, and
finished in the very midst of the waters. It is These are now known to be the work of a so nicely fitting into the aperture of the cell,
about the size and shape of half a pigeon's spider, for they have been either caught in
egg. From this curious chamber the spider their balloons, or been seen to take flight. To as to prevent its being distinguished by the casual observer from the surrounding earth. But
hunts, searching sometimes the waters, and produce such effects, their numbers of course the most marvellous circumstance yet remains
sometimes the land for its prey, which, when must be prodigious. Dr. Strach says, “ that to be told the sagacious creature positively
obtained, is transported to this sub-aquatic twenty or thirty often are found on a single fabricates a hinge of silk, which it invariably
by mansion, and devoured at leisure. The male stubble;" and adds, “ that he collected two fixes to the highest side of the aperture, so
as well as the female exhibit the same in- thousand in half an hour, and could easily that it can very easily be pushed open from
stincts. Early in the spring, the former seeks have got twice as many had he wished it.” within by the insect, and shuts by its own
the mansion of the latter, and having enlarged | The Family Library. weight. Thus barricadoed, the gallery fur
it by the introduction of a little more air, nishes a secure habitation for the male and fe
takes up its abode with its mate. About the male, with twenty or thirty of their young.
middle of April, the eggs are laid, and, packed
up in a silken cocoon in a corner of their No noise, however loud, no thumping, how
MY GRAVE. ever violent, will bring the cunning inhabithouse, are watched with incessant care by the
Far from the city's ceaseless hum, ant out of its cell; but if the least attempt be female.
Hither let my relics come! made to force the trap-door, a curious scene In modern times, much interest has been
Lowly and lonely be my grave, takes place—the spider immediately runs to excited by the elevation of bodies in the air
Fast by this streamlet's oozing wave, it, and fixing some of its legs to the silk which by means of a balloon. The discovery consist Still to the gentle angler dear, lines the door, and the rest to the walls of the
ed in finding out a manageable substance And beaven's fair face reflecting clear. gallery, it pulls with all its might against the which was, bulk for bulk, lighter than air ; No rank luxuriance from the dead
Draw the green turf above my head; and the application of the discovery was to intruder. Observers have convinced them
But cowslips here and there be found, selves of the fact by lifting up the door with make a body composed of this substance bear
Sweet natives of the hallowed ground, a pin, when they have felt the counter tugs of up, along with its own weight, some heavier
Diffusing Nature's incense round; the spider endeavouring to shut it. As soon body which was attached to it. This expedi
Kindly sloping to the sun, as the creature is convinced that further effortsent, so new to us, proves to be no other than
When his course is nearly run, are useless, it relinquishes the contest, and what the Author of Nature has employed in
Let it catch his farewell beams, retires to the bottom of the gallery. All atthe gossamer spider. We frequently see this
Brief and pale, as best beseems; tempts to observe the manners of this creature spider's thread floating in the air, and extended
But, let the melancholy yew in captivity have proved fruitless, as it soon
from hedge to hedge across a road or brook of (Still to the cemetery true) perished. These spiders prowl about at night,
four or five yards' width. The animal which Defend it from his noon-day ray, and, having secured their prey, drag it within
forms the thread has no wings wherewith to Debarring visitant so gay; their den, and consume it at their leisure.
fly from one extremity to the other of this line, And, when the robin's boding song The water-spider (Aranea aquatica) is an. nor muscles to enable it to spring or dart to so
Is hushed, the darkling boughs among, other which spins no web to catch its prey; great a distance; yet its Creator hath laid for
There may the spirit of the wind but, nevertheless, offers one of the most singuit a path in the atmosphere; and after this
A heaven-reared tabernacle find,
To warble wild a vesper hymn, lar objects of contemplation. If we possessed | manner, though the insect itself be heavier no other evidence that the world had been than air, the thread which it spins from its
To soothe my shade at twilight dim!
Seldom let feet of man be there, planned and created by an Intelligent Being bowels is specifically lighter. This is its bal
Save bending towards the house of prayer; the habits, proceedings, and instincts of this loon. The spider, left to itself, would drop to
Few human sounds disturb the calm, little creature would be alone sufficient to the ground; but, being tied to its thread, both
Save words of grace, or solemn psalm ! prove the fact. As soon as it has caught its | are supported. By this contrivance, the crea Yet, would I not my humble tomb prey on the shore it dives to the bottom of the
tures mount into the air, to such immense Should wear an uninviting gloom, waters, and there devours its booty. It is,
heights, that when Dr. Martin Lister ascended As if there seemed to hover near, therefore, an amphibious animal; although
me though | York Minster, he still saw these insects much In fancy's ken, a thing of fear; it appears more fitted to live in contact with
above him. In the fine summer days, the air And, viewed with superstitious awe, the atmosphere than with the water.
Be duly shunned, and scarcely draw
The sidelong glance of passer by,
As haunt of sprite with blasting eye! facts excite our wonder more than the possibi The fine nets which oft we woven see, of
Or noted be by some sad token, lity of a man's being enabled to live and move scorched dew.
Bearing a name in whispers spoken : at the bottom of the ocean. This triumph of Most nations have associated something po No !-let some thoughtful schoolboy stray reason over the unfriendly element, however, etical with their presence. The Germans, from
Far from his giddy mates at play, was anticipated by an insect,--the spider in constantly observing them in the beginning of
My secret place of rest explore, question. the autumn, have styled the phenomenon "the
There pore on page of classic lore; This creature spins some loose threads, which fitting summer.” The French, unable to ac
Thither let hoary men of age it attaches to the leaves of aquatic plants; it count for the existence of such pure films, in
Perform a pensive pilgrimage, then varnishes them with a glutinous secretion, the open and beautiful autumnal skies, called
And think, as o'er my turf they bend, which resembles liquid glass, and is so elastic
It woos them to their welcome end; them the threads of the “ Virgin.” And we
And let the woe-worn wandering one, as to admit of considerable distension and conthe gossamer
Blind to the rays of reason's sun, traction; it next lays a coating of this same
Lovers who may bestride the gossamer
Thither his weary way incline, substance over its own body, and underneath
That idles in the wanton air.
There catch a gleam of light divine ; this coating introduces a bubble of air. Na
But, chiefly let the friend sincere turalists conjecture that it has the power of Mr. White gives a curious account of a shower There drop a tributary teardrawing this air in at the anus, from the at- of these gossamers. In September 1741, being There pause in musing mood, and all mosphere at the surface of the pool; but the intent on field sports, he found the whole face Our by-gone hours of bliss recall precise mode in which it is separated from the of the country covered with a coat of web Delightful hours ! too fleetly flown! body of the atmosphere, and introduced under drenched in dew, as thick as if two or three By the heart's pulses only known ! the pellicle covering the insect's body, has not setting nets had been drawn one over the Aberdeen.
Having notified to the Assembly the facts say that the King has continued this faithful THE TOURIST. of this case, the Governor received a very dis- and diligent public officer in his service. It
respectful communication in reply. A Com- would have been disgraceful in the last degree MONDAY, MARCH 11, 1833. .
mittee was appointed to inquire into his mal- | if his virtue had been rewarded with dismission. adıninistration, certain resolutions were adopted Such might have been the case in former
by thirteen members, they constituting a days; but the times are now changed, and both SIR J. C. SMYTH AND THE ASSEMBLY
majority of the House; and a petition was the government and people of this country OF THE BAHAMAS.
drawn up, and agreed to, requesting his ma- have gained a clearer insight into the value of
jesty to remove Sir J. C. Smyth from the gov- colonial testimony. There is a disgusting uniThose of our readers who perused the Ex-ernment of the islands. The reasons of this formity in the slave system of our colonies. tracts which we gave in No. 28 from the Cor- violent procedure will be apparent to our Its accidents may vary, but it is essentially the respondence of the Governor of the Bahamas readers if we make another extract from the same in every island. It degrades the slave, with the Colonial Secretary, will not be sur-| despatch of June 23, 1831.
and brutalizes his lord. It is alike inconsistent prised to learn that strenuous efforts have
with the principles of religion and the charities been made by the Colonists to obtain his re " As I have not seen the documents or evidence
of the human heart. Though administered by moval. Indisposed to reformation themselves, upon which the committee founded their report, I
an angel it could not fail to entail degradation they cannot endure the presence of a public am not aware if there are any particular instances
and suffering: what, then, must be its effects officer who is honestly disposed to correct
of misconduct imputed to me. To the general whatever is vicious in their system.
in the hands of men whom despotic power has charge of superintending the proceedings of the Their Slave Court with more vigilance and attention,
hardened and depraved ? From the past, it is praise and censure have usually been given in and of interiering in the treatment of slaves, by
some consolation to turn to the future. The | listening to their complaints, and seeing that the signs of the times are indicative of good; the of those on whom they have been conferred. Such proper authorities investigate the same with more national conscience is aroused; the virtuous of as have been willing to connive at injustice have attention than is agreeable to the majority of the every party are combining against this monbeen represented as equitable and enlightened assembly, I plead guilty. I had occasion to as strous evil; and his Majesty's government, rulers; while others who have brought out the certain, shortly after my arrival in this colony,
there is good reason to believe, are about to latent evil to public view, and have sought its that the proceedings of the Slave Court were car
effect what justice and policy alike enjoin. correction, have been described as prejudiced. ried on in the most slovenly and disgraceful man.
Let not the friends of humanity, however, revisionary, and despotic. Such is the enviable ner. When the transactions relative to Lord
mit their exertions. Things may yet take an position in which Sir J. Carmichael Smyth is Rolle's slaves took place, and five men, eight
unexpected turn. There is no meanness to now placed. In a despatch to Viscount Gode
women, and one boy were so severely flogged for
which our enemies will not submit,—there is rich, June 23, 1831, he says :
moval to which they were about to be subjected, no deficiency of principle which they are not “ In the despatch which I had the honour to
I sent for the records of their trial, in order that capable of evincing. They may yet protract address to you on the 30 May last, I recapitulated,
I might see, not only what was the nature of the the struggle, though they cannot hope ultias proofs of the necessity of iaking away the power |
misconduct of which they were convicted, but also mately to triumph. We must, therefore, be of Aogging female slaves, a variety of instances
become acquainted with what they had said in prepared for strenuous and persevering efforts.
a of severe and improper punishments which had
their defence. There was no record or any minute Every abolitionist should gird himself for batbeen inflicted. Amongst others, I mentioned the The of the trial or conviction of these poor people, be
tle; and be ready, whenever their leaders shall case of a person who keeps a retail spirit shop, and
yond the warrant to the executioner to inflict the
require, to render the most prompt and effective I punishment. From that day, however, the prowho is unfortunately a member of the Assembly, pu
service. having caused thirty-nine lashes to be given to a
ceedings of the Slave Court had assumed a differ. female attendant, in the gaol of the town. The
ent appearance; the minutes of each trial are laid man, whose name is Wildgoose, since the date of
before me by the police magistrate, and no senmy despatch, caused a female slave belonging to tence is carried into execution until forty-eight
COURTSHIP. hours after it has been passed, and the report for. his mother to be similarly treated ; and, having personally gone to the prison, he, after some alwarded to me, in order that I may have time to
From Friendship’s Offering. tercation with the first unfortunate victim of his
read the evidence, to make such inquiries as I violence, in which she was induced to say she did may think proper, and extend his Majesty's par
“O) Laura! will nothing I bring thee not deserve such treatment, ordered her another don, should any favourable circumstances re.
E'er soften those looks of disdain ? punishment of thirty-nine additional lashes, which specting the prisoner appear to me to call for mer
Are the songs of affection I sing thee were inflicted accordingly; this poor girl, who is
cy. This power is not, as the assembly assert,
an illegal and unconstitutional exertion of authoof a very delicate and slender figure and make,
All doomed to be sung thee in vain ?
I offer thee, fairest and dearest, thus receiving seventy-eight lashes with a cat-o'rity, but it is vested in the Governor, as the
A treasure the richest I'm worth; nine-tails, by order of this rustian, a treatment King's representative, by the laws and by the
I offer thee love--the sincerest, from which it is impossible bat that her health constitution. I beg very respectfully to refer your
The warmest e'er glowed upon earth!" and constitution must very seriously suffer, indeLordship to my speech to the assembly of the 21st
But the maiden, a haughty look flinging, pendent of the cruelty, injustice, and indecency of instant, in which I have explained to them,
Said, “ Cease my compassion to move, the proceeding. As soon as I was acquainted
not only that the power of extending mercy in all
his Courts is inherent in the Sovereign, but have with the particulars of this case, I sent for the
For I'm not very partial to singing, stated to them the fact that it has been occasionAttorney-General, and directed him to take with
And they're poor whose sole treasure is love." out delay any legal means to bring Mr. Wild
ally exercised by my predecessors. It is very
true, that the pardons which have been granted goose to trial. As the unfortunate girl, when the
“My name will be sounded in story
I offer, thee, dearest, my name ; second flogging was inflicted, was still in prison, by my predecessors, at least all those I have seen,
I have fought in the proud field of gloryand was consequently under the charge and au
have been in cases of transportation, in which
cases the small sum allowed by law to the master thority of those magistrates who have charge of
Oh, Laura! come share in my fame.
I bring thee a soul that adores thee, the place where she was confined, I am in hopes
for the loss of his slave is stated not to be an that Mr. Wildgoose will be found to have been equivalent, and pardon granted to the slave was
And loves thee wherever thou art,
Which thrills as its tribute it pours thee, guilty of a misdemeanour, in punishing her for
very agreeable to, and was often solicited by, the any impuled offence stated to have been commit. master, as giving back his slave. No cry was
Of tenderness fresh from the heart.” raised by the assembly as to an illegal stretch of
But the maiden said, “ Cease to importune, zed whilst in confinement. Such is the violence the royal prerogative, when the exercise of it suited
Give Cupid the use of his wings; and prejudice, however, that prevails, and the an.
their own views. ger which is excited at any attempt to curb the
Ah, fame's but a pitiful fortune,
And hearts are such valueless things !” authority of the owcer over the slave, that, excepting Mr. Wildgoose bas a proportion of co
Slave Court to be severely Rogged. My letter to
“Oh, Laura! forgive if I've spoken
Too boldly !-nay, turn not away, bility escape."* explain the views and motives by which I was ac
For my heart with affliction is brokentuared, and which I make very little doubt will be
My uncle died only to-day!
My uncle the nabobwho tended * In this apprehension the Governor was jusapproved of by your Lordship."
My youth with affectionate care, tified by subsequent events. In his despatch of |
My manhood who kindly befriended,
Has died, and—has--left-me-his--heir." observe with great regret, that the bills which the bly, two others were presented to his majesty,
And the maiden said, “ Weep not, sincerest, Attorney-General prepared and preferred against one from the most respectable and wealthy
My heart has been yours all along; Mr. John Wildgoose, were ignored by the Grand / proprietors of the colony, and another from the Oh! hearts are of treasures the dearestJury."
people of colour. It is almost unnecessary to Do, Edward, go on with your song !”
ON THE PICTURESQUE. strong deviation : beauty should not be ob- disguised by an appearance of splendid conTue arts are no less unfortunate than
scure; the great ought to be dark and gloomy: fusion and irregularity. In the doors and the sciences in being retarded by the
beauty should be light and delicate ; the great windows of Gothic churches, the pointed arch
| ought to be solid, and even massive. They has as much variety as any regular figure can vagueness and laxity of their technical are, indeed, ideas of a very different nature, well have: the eye is not too strongly conterms. In various branches of philosophy, one being founded on pain, the other on plea- ducted from the top of the one to that of the a single word has imposed on the notions sure ; and however they may vary afterwards other, as by the parallel lines of the Grecian; of an age, or constituted the distinctive from the direct nature of their causes, yet these and every person must be struck with the exbadge of a school. It has paralyzed in. | causes keep up an eternal distinction, never to treme richness and intricacy of some of the vestigation, and held the minds of men n be forgotten by any whose business it is to principal windows of our cathedrals and ruined
abbeys. In these last is displayed the triumph as in a spell; and, even in more mcdern affect the passions.
of the picturesque; and its charms to a paint
The distinction between the picturesque and in the present times, an observer will
er's eye are often so great as to rival those of frequently be struck with the extended and the beautiful is stated in the same
beauty itself. So in mills, such is the extreme and unhappy influence of some convengeneral manner, though with much in
intricacy of the wheels and the wood-work ; tional words and phrases, to which the
teresting illustration, by Mr. Uredale such is the singular variety of forms, and of example of an individual or long habitua
Price, in his Essay on the Picturesque. | lights and shadows, of mosses and weathertion has attached a factitious importance.
A temple or palace of Grecian architecture,
stains from the constant moisture-of plants in its perfect and entire state, and its surface Nor, as we have said, are the arts ex
springing from the rough joints of the stones;
such the assemblage of every thing which and colour smooth and even, either in painting empted from a like disadvantage. Difor reality, is beautiful; in ruin, it is pic.
most conduces to picturesqueness, that, even ferent meanings are sometimes attached turesque. Observe the process by which time
without the addition of water, an old mill has to the same terms; and, where this is not (the great author of such changes) converts a
the greatest charm for a painter. the case, there is an indeterminateness in beautiful object into a picturesque one. First,
It is owing to the same causes that a buildtheir application which is at once the by means of weather-stains, partial incrusta
ing with scaffolding has often a more pic
turesque appearance than the building itself source of much confusion and much con- tions, mosses, &c.; it at the same time takes troversy. à
when the scaffolding is taken away—that old, Of this class may be specified
off from the uniformity of its surface and its
colour; that is, gives it a degree of roughness such words as sublime, beautiful, pic- land variety of iint. Next, the various accidents
mossy, rough-hewn park pales of unequal
heights are an ornament to landscape, espeturesque, &c., the precise meaning of of weather loosen the stones themselves; they
cially when they are partially concealed by which, it would seem, can only be fixed tumble in irregular masses upon what was
thickets; while a neat post and rail, regularly by a reference to some acknowledged perhaps smooth turf or pavement, or nicely
continued round a field, and seen without any standard, of which we seem to be in want. trimmed walks and shrubberies, now mixed interruption, is one of the most unpicturesque, Some authors, however, have laid down, and overgrown with wild plants and creepers,
as being one of the most uniform, of all
boundaries. that crawl over and shoot among the fallen both by definition and illustration, their
. ruins. Sedums, wall-flowers, and other vege
Among trees, it is not the smooth, young views of the just application of these tables that bear drought, find nourishment in
beech, or the fresh and tender ash, but the se to lay them before the decayed cement, from which the stones | rugged old oak, or knotty wych elm, that are our readers in a selection from their have been detached ; birds convey their food
picturesque; nor is it necessary that they writings. The distinction between sublime into the chinks; and yew, elder, and other
should be of great bulk; it is sufficient if they and beautiful objects is thus generally berried plants, project from the sides; while
are rough, mossy, with a character of age, and stated in Mr. Burke's treatise on that the ivy mantles over other parts, and crowns
with sudden variations in their forms. The the top. subject :
limbs of huge trees, shattered by lightning or The even, regular lines of the doors and windows are broken, and through their
tempestuous winds, are in the highest degree Sublime objects (says he) are rast in their iry-fringed openings is displayed the ruined
picturesque; but whatever is caused by those diinensions ; beautiful ones comparatively interior of the edifice.
dreaded powers of destruction must always small: beauty should be smooth and polished; ' In Gothic buildings, the outline of the sum
have a tincture of the sublime. the great, rugged and negligent: beauty should mit presents such a variety of forms of turrets shun the right line, yet deviate from it insen- and pinnacles, some open, some fretted and
“ As when heaven's fire
Has scathed the forest oaks or mountain pines; sibly; the great, in many cases, loves the right variously enriched, that, even where there is With singed top their stately growth, tho' bare, fine ; and when it deviates, it often makes a ' an exact correspondence of parts, it is often | Stands on the blasted heath."
If we next take a view of those animals SCENERY IN ABYSSINIA, &c. from this spot, the view over the country we that are called picturesque, the same qualities
Whilst public curiosity has been directed / had passed became exceedingly grand; ranges are found to prevail. The ass is eminently so,
of mountains, one below the other, the tops of to the less civilized portions of central Africa, much more than the horse; and, among horses,
which seemed to rise from what might be we seem to have overlooked those parts in it is the wild forester, with his rough coat, his which a more humanized spirit has long pre
termed a sea of clouds, extending far into the mane and tail ragged and uneven, or the vailed,—not at one time exhibiting brilliancy,
horizon, where we fancied we could discern worn-out cart-horse with his staring bones. at another darkness, as in Egypt and Numidia,
the line of the ocean bounding the distant Among savage animals, the lion with his —but shining out meekly and steadily, and
prospect. shaggy mane is much more picturesque than
“From this point we had a considerable preserving the light of Christianity (dimly and the lioness, though she is equally an object of darkly, if you please, but still preserving it)
descent to make before we again mounted; terror. when almost all the other parts of the world
when, in about half an hour, we reached one The effects of roughness and smoothness in
of the summits of the mountain, near a station had either quenched it for ever, or blended its producing the beautiful or the picturesque is pure radiance with the obscurity of heathenism.
bordering on a small pool of water, called again clearly exemplified in the plumage of În Mr. Salt's Travels in Abyssinia—the most
Turabo. By this time no more than two hours birds. Nothing more beautiful than feathers authentic information we have respecting that
and a half had been occupied in the ascent in their smooth state, when the hand or eye country and its inhabitants-are some traits of
since we left our station, in the morning, at glides over them without interruption; nothing | the primitive Christianity of Africa, so simple
Tak-kumta. To refresh ourselves after this more picturesque, as detached ornaments, or and characteristic that we shall detail them,
exertion we encamped in the plain, enjoying when ruffled by any accidental circumstance, with descriptions of the scenery, that we may
one of the finest mornings that can be imagined, by any sudden passion in the animal, or when bring together, in a brief article, as many cir
the thermometer standing at 61o. they appear so from their natural arrangement. cumstances of that little-explored country as
« The view that bursts upon the traveller as As all the effects of passion and of strong emo
as he begins to decend the southern side of Tation on the human figure and countenance are can render a short narrative interesting:
ranta, is one of the most magnificent that picturesque, such likewise are their effects on
"On March 3, 1810, at ten minutes before human imagination can conceive,-extending the plumage of birds; when inflamed with six in the morning,” says our traveller, “ we over anger, the first symptoms appear in their ruffled commenced our journey up the mountain of nar
nacled and distant heights of Adowa, which, plumage. The game-cock, when he attacks ck when he attacks Taranta. Our attendants, who were habituated
though singularly diversified with patches of his rival, raises the feathers of the neck, and from their youth to such expeditions, passed
vegetation, extensive forests of kolquall, and the purple pheasant his crest. Birds of prey ! have generally more of the picturesque, from more light-hearted among them amused them
moniously blended together by a luminous atthe angular form of their beaks, the rough selves and companions by singing extempore
mosphere, as to form one vast and unbroken feathers on their legs, their crooked talons: all
u verses, in a manner somewhat similar to that expanse. On my former journey we descended es the general smoothness of which I have been informed German soldiers this mountain in the midst of a heavy and the plumage on their backs and wings, which frequently practise on a march. The person
incessant storm: we were then entering upon they have in common with the rest of the fea- who composed each distich first sang it alone,
an unknown country, with dubious steps, and thered creation. Lastly, among our own when it was imme
no very certain assurance of the reception that species, beggars, gypsies, and all such rough peated in chorus by the rest of the company.
we were likely to encounter; the recollection tattered figures as are merely picturesque, One of the songs, composed on the present of our feelings on that occasion formed a pleasbear a close analogy, in all the qualities that occasion, was translated literally to me, as we
literally to me, as we | ing contrast to our present sensations;—for make them so, to old hovels and mills, to the proceeded, by Mr. Pearce, which I shall here
now every thing promised success, the sun wild forest horse, and other objects of the insert as a characteristic specimen of the very
shone bright on the landscape before us, and same kind. More dignified characters, such rude poetry in which the Abyssinians delight:
we were surrounded with tried and faithful as a Belisarius, or a Marius in age and exile, Our fathers are soldiers of the Badinsah, followers. have the same mixture of picturesqueness and Each of them has killed his foe.
“As the steepness of the path we had to decayed grandeur as the venerable remains of
We are young, and carry his burdens,
descend rendered riding unsafe, we dismountpast ages.
But shall in time fight as well as our fathers.
ed from our mules, threw the reins over their If we ascend to the highest order of created We now are journeying in a desert country,
necks, and left them to make the best of their beings, as painted by the grandest of our poets,
Surrounded by wild beasts and savages;
way down the mountain, as is customary with they, in their state of glory and happiness,
travellers in Abyssinia : an hour's walk carried raise chiefly ideas of beauty and sublimity;
But it is in the service of the Badinsah,
us down the worst part of the road, and we then like earthly objects, they become picturesque
And who would not die for him ?
remounted, and proceeded forward through when ruined—when shadows have obscured “The sharp air of the morning, and the a wild and rocky district, along a winding their original brightness, and that uniform wild landscape through which we were pass pathway towards Disan. The change of clithough angelic expression of pure love and joy ing, together with the shrill cries of partridges mate here began to be very apparent: the heat has been destroyed by a variety of warring and guinea-fowl that rose up, at every instant, of the sun became intense and scorching, compassions :
startled by our approach, greatly contributed pared with what we had experienced on the
to enhance the effect of this novel and inter- other side of the Taranta; the vegetation looked " Darkened so, yet shone Above them all the archangel ; but his face esting scene.
parched, the brooks were dry, and the cattle
“ Shortly after, we reached a point where a l had all been driven across the mountain in Deep scars of thunder had intrenched, and care Sat on his faded cheek; but under brows
road branches off on the left, leading to Halai. search of pasture. This remarkable and sudOf dauntless courage and considerate pride
A little beyond, stands a high rock, or over- den change of the seasons is noticed in one of Waiting revenge ; cruel his eye, but cast
hanging pinnacle, called Gorézo, respecting the earliest accounts respecting Abyssinia; for Signs of remorse and passion.”
which the Abyssinians entertain the tradition Nonnosus, an ambassador from the emperor of a young inaiden having leapt from it to Justinian to the ruling sovereign of the Axoavoid a marriage into which her father threat- mites, remarks that from Ave to the court he
ened to force her. The abyss below the rock experienced summer and harvest-time, while A DIFFICULT TASK.
is frightful to behold. Above this part of the the winter prevailed from Ave to Axum, and
mountain the vegetation begins to change its vice versa. WHENEVER I have met with any of those character; and, instead of kolqualls and kan- “At one o'clook we arrived near Dixan, and bright spirits who would be smart on sacred tuffa, clumps of trees are found called wara, rode up immediately to my former habitation, subjects, I have ever cut short their discourse of a moderate height, bearing leaves resem: situate at the bottom of the hill on which the by asking them if they had any lights and bling those of a willow, the branches of which town is built. Here Baharnegash Yasous rerelations by which they would propose new were profusely covered with lichens. Further came out to receive us, and greeted us with articles of faith? Nobody can deny but reli-on, for a short distance, the road appeared to the hearty welcome of an old acquaintance. gion is a comfort to the distressed, a cordial to have been cut through a bed of chalkstone, The venerable aspect of this respectable chief, the sick, and sometimes a restraint on the and, wherever this prevailed, an extensive his mild and agreeable manners, and the rewicked; therefore, whoever would argue or grove of a hardy kind of cedar, called túd, membrance of the services he had rendered us laugh it out of the world, without giving some fourished in abundance. After having passed on a former occasion, added a peculiar gratifiequivalent for it, ought to be treated as a over another moderate ascent, we arrived at a cation to our meeting; and the plentiful stock common enemy.- Lady M. W. Montague. lofty height called Sarar. On looking back of maize, and other good cheer hospitably pro