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in the greatest perturbation. Hence the native Mexicans, whose religious adoration of it leads them to pay much attention to its habits, consider its increased hissings to presage storms and pestilential diseases, and their superstitious fears augur from the same phenomenon the approach of wars and other public calamities. It is worthy of remark, that wherever the serpent has been found among pagan nations, it has almost inva

riably been made the object of religious THE INDIAN BOA.

adoration.

Among the various species of serpents, The above cut, representing one of Much interesting information has been the boa doubtless holds the first rank. these serpents hatching her eggs, has recently given by contemporary periodi

Nature, says La Cepede, seems to have reference to a particular instance which cals on the natural history of particular

made it king by the superiority of the enoccurred in England, and not to the species of serpents. We will, therefore,

dowments she has bestowed on it—beauty, general habits of the species, as wil ap- offer some general notices of this reptile. / magnitude, agility, strength, and induspear from the following account. It is, I gathered from Turner's Sacred History of try. The boa is among serpents what the however, curiously illustrative of that the World, and from the eloquent writ

went writ. elephant or the lion is among quadruprofound sagacity which never escapes lings of the French naturalist, M. La / peds; it surpasses the creatures of its the notice of the observant naturalist, by Cepede.

order in size like the former, in strength the operation of which inferior animals Though this class of animals appears,

like the latter. It commonly attains to adapt their conduct to the altered circum- at first sight, to be less amply provided

the length of more than twenty feet, and stances in which they may be placed. It than some others with the means of

rs with the means of in some instances it has been found of appears that two of these serpents were offence and defence, yet so adapted is still more frightful dimensions. It was some years ago brought to England; and, their structure to their habits and circum- | doubtless a serpent of this kind of which after a residence of several years, the stances, and so curiously are they com

Pliny makes mention, as having arrested female produced fourteen or fifteen eggs. pensated for their defects by peculiar

the march of the Roman army in the These were, for a considerable time, the advantages, that few of the inferior tribes

north of Africa; and, although we canobjects of the most evident solicitude to are at once so secure and so formidable.

not believe that its dimensions were so the animal, under the influence of which Though confined to the ground, and con

enormous as he represents, yet it appears. she had recourse to an ingenious method of sequently more liable to accident, they

to have been so formidable as to oblige compensating for the want of that degree are in a great measure defended from it

them to employ against it those military of warmth in the atmosphere which is found by the hardness and lubricity of their

engines which they were accustomed to

use in sieges. Indeed it is in the burning regions. To remedy the defect, she be- wings, few animals are so nimble as ser

deserts of Africa that this creature enjoys thought herself of animal heat, and, coil- 1 pents, or can transport themselves from

a less interrupted reign, and arrives at its ing herself round them in a spiral, she place to place with equal agility. Whe- perfection

perfection. It is terrific to read the narplaced her head at the top of it like ther to seize its prey or to escape from

ratives of such travellers as have
ra

enea lid, rarely raising it, and indicating the danger, the serpent moves with the ra- trated into ti

trated into the interior of this part of the utmost interest in the success of her at-pidity of an arrow, and emulates and

nd world, of the manner in which this enortempt. It must be matter of some regret even surpasses several species of birds in

mous reptile moves along through the to all who are interested in the intellec- the ease and rapidity with which it gains midst of tall herbs and bushes. It is tual operations of animals (for they surely the summits of the highest trees, twisting

perceived at a distance by the motion of deserve this character) that so much in- and untwisting its flexible body around

the plants which bend under its progress, genuity and perseverance were exercised their trunks and branches with such cele

and the kind of furrow left by the unduin vain. The eggs, however, were never rity that the sharpest eye scarcely follows

| lation of its body. It is in vain to resist hatched.

them. Their sense of hearing is dull, but it by weapons when arrived at its full This degree of sagacity, unless we are their vision acute. Their eyes, for the

size, and especially when irritated by mistaken, is but rarely exhibited by this most part, are excessively brilliant and

hunger. The only security is found in setclass of animals : they are less remark- animated, extremely moveable, consider

ting fire to the already scorched vegetation. able than some other tribes for that near ably prominent, and advantageously

among which it dwells. The rivers or approach to reason of which this is an placed for receiving the images of objects

arms of the sea offer no barriers to its instance; and this defect" is one among from an extended field. They have

progress, as it swims with the utmost other facts which gives plausibility to the membrana nictitans to draw over their facility even in the

facility even in the most stormy waves ; notion entertained by a late commentator sight when the sun's rays are too power

nor is any security obtained by climbing on the Scriptures, who refers to another ful, or any injury approaches. They give

trees, as it rolls itself with the greatest animal, the monkey, the expressions of many indications that their instincts and rapidity to their tops. Moses with respect to the temptation of sensations have a superiority over those common residence

common residence is on the trunks or our first parents. It may be proper to l of all other animals, except birds and / branches of trees, round which it could, state that, in this interpretation. Dr. I viviparous quadrupeds. They have less and waits in abuscade for the approach ou. Clarke does not maintain his views by the blood than quadrupeds, a lower animal | its prey. rejection of any passages as spurious, but heat, and less interior activity of system ;

(To be Continued.) differs with other commentators in his and, in these respects, they come nearer translation of the word which is generally | to the formation of insects and worms. supposed to denote the serpent. It is observed, that they are most ani- Prin

Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published mated in times of tempest and hurricane,

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster RON

Row, where all Advertisements and Communi. * Genesis iii. 1.

when the electricity of the atmosphere is cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

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« Gratior et pulchro veniens in corpore virtus." the most important avenues through | ordinary estimate of the comparative

VIRGI.. which the minds of men are ordinarily value of example and precept be correct, " And beauty's lustre adds to virtue's charms."

to virtue's charms." influenced, and at the same time acts it is calculated to be far more effective There are some kinds of study in the upon a much larger class than is acce

upon a much larger class than is acces- than any that can appeal to the underpursuance of which, contrary to the ge- sible to other kinds of literature. These standing. On the other hand, it is quite neral economy of life, we gain consider considerations reflect upon biography possible (as has been too frequently able advantage, at no expence of research much importance, and, if we may say proved) so to delineate the history of a

so, much responsibility. It contains the vicious and unprincipled man, as to blunt biography. Involving little that is recon most abundant sources of good, and, at the moral sensibilities of readers, either dite and difficult, addressing itself to the the same time, the most fearful facilities by investing vice with a false splendour, imagination by its narrative form, and to for mischief. On the one hand, the his- or by such an undisguised exhibition of the social feelings by its development of tory of a virtuous life is a sermon ad- it as shall familiarize their perceptions character, it takes possession of some of dressed to our sympathies; and, if the ( with its deformity. We are disposed to

!!

conclude, from the prevailing tone of subjected to the rigorous scrutiny of ano- the account of her tragical end, from the biographical literature, that there is much ther, is just that which every man is in- eloquent pen of the late Sir James Mackinsensibility existing with respect to the stinctively disposed to conceal-to which intosh. mischievous tendency of the last-men- his consciousness of depravity compels On the 3rd of November, 1553. Lady Jane tioned class of works, and much mis- him to forbid access. Hence it has been Grey and Lord Guilford Dudley were conapprehension as to the duty of the bio-said, with equal sublimity and truth, victed of high treason. But no time was fixed grapher in these cases. If he must needs by a writer whom we consider as by far for the execution, and their treatment indicaaffect the impartial accuracy of the his- the greatest moralist of modern times.* | ted some compassion for involuntary usurpers torian, he should recollect that there is " Each mind has an interior apartment

of seventeen years of age. The ingratitude of

Suffolk proved an incentive sufficient to preno such necessity for his labours as for of its own, into which none but itself and

vail over the slender pity of bigots and politithose of the latter, and that they may be the Divinity can enter. In this secluded

secluded cians. On the 8th of February Mary signed safely dispensed with, when their results place, the passions mingle and fluctuate a warrant for the execution of “Guilford would be detrimental to the morals of in unknown agitations. Here all the fan- | Dudley and his wife,” for such was the desociety.

tastic and all the tragic shapes of imagina- scription by which they were distinguished at As we are accustomed to tremble tion have a haunt, where they can neither a moment when discourtesy wears its ugliest at the association of selfishness and be invaded nor descried. Here the sur

| aspect. On the morning of the 12th he was

led to execution on Tower Hill. Lord Guilmisanthropy with the power to injure, rounding human beings, while quite in

ford Dudley had requested an interview with conferred by rank, talents, and political sensible of it, are made the subjects of his beloved Jane. She, from a fear that it authority, so we may doubtless regard deliberate thought, and many of the de- might unfit both for the scene through which that part of the economy of Providence signs respecting them revolved in silence. they were to pass, declined it. She saw him as most benevolent and conservative, by Here projects, convictions, vows, are con go through the gate of the Tower towards the which the pernicious tendencies of the fusedly scattered, and the records of past

scaffold; and, soon afterwards, she chanced vicious are commonly obstructed and life are laid. Here, in solitary state, sits

to look from the same window at his bleeding

carcass, imperfectly covered, in the cart which confined by the narrow limits of indi- Conscience, surrounded by her own thun

bore it back. Feckenham, Abbot of Westvidual influence; their resources of mis- ders, which sometimes sleep, and some minster, had endeavoured to convert her to chief being thus straitened, and, in some times roar, while the world does not the Catholic faith. He was acute, eloquent, instances, restricted to the power of in- know. The secrets of this apartment, and of a tender nature ; but he made no imjuring themselves. The shortness of life, could they have been even but very par pression on her considerate and steady belief. too, is, as respects them, another miti- tially brought forth, might have been

She behaved to him with such calmness and

sweetness that he had obtained for her a day's gating circumstance of a similar kind. fatal to that eulogy and splendour with

respite. So much meekness has seldom been Now, the effect of that class of biogra- which many a piece of biography has

so pure from lukewarmness. She wrote a letphy, to which allusion has been made, is been exhibited by a partial and ignorant ter to Harding on his apostacy, couched in no less than to frustrate the benevolent | friend.”

ardent and even vehement language, partly intention of these arrangements. It aims Such difficulties as these which we because she doubted his sincerity. Never did to extend and perpetuate the influence have noticed leave us, it must be con

affection breathe itself in language more beauof a corrupt life, to enable a man to live fessed, but little hope of witnessing the

tiful than in her dying letter to her father, in

which she says, “My guiltless blood may cry his vices and crimes over and over again attainment of this high degree of excel

before the Lord, Mercy to the innocent !"* Å through successive editions; it keeps lence in biographical literature. But Greek letter to her sister, Lady Catherine, above ground, and with all its disease, still it can scarcely be considered as idle written on a blank leaf of a Greek Testament, the corpse which ought to be “buried to lay down the ideal standard of its is needless as another proof of those accomout of our sight," in order to extend in- perfection, since it obviously furnishes fection and to multiply mortality. (if our view be correct) the test by which

Europe,t but admirable as a token that neiOn the other hand, it cannot but be to estimate inferior degrees of merit. That

ther grief nor danger could ruffle her thoughts, matter of regret that the narration of vir- biography, then, in short, we conceive to

nor lower the sublimity of her highest senti

ments. In the course of that morning she tuous lives, and the delineation of vir- be the best which most closely traces the wrote in her note-book three sentences, in tuous characters, has not been more formation of the character from the events Greek, Latin, and English, of which the last philosophically undertaken by those who of the life.

is as follows:-“ If my fault deserved punishare enabled, by their knowledge of the These remarks, which have extended ment, my youth, at least, and my imprudence, human mind, and their sympathy with far beyond our intention, have been na

were worthy of excuse. God and posterity moral excellence, to trace the process by turally suggested by the contemplation

will show me favour." which the great and good have attained of the life and character of Lady Jane

She was executed within the Tower, either their pre-eminence. What an inestimable Grey. We could not help indulging the people, or as a privilege due to the descendant

se to withdraw her from the pitying eye of the treasure should we possess in a work vain wish that it were possible to describe, of Henry VII. "She declared on the scaffold which should exhibit the entire formation for the admiration of one sex and the that “her soul was as pure from trespass of a character distinguished by genius | imitation of the other, the process by against Queen Mary as innocence was from and virtue !—which should minutely spe- which that resplendent character was cify (if it is not too improbable a suppo- | formed and matured. The possibility,

forced into.” sition) and represent, in

In substance the last allegation was true their exact | however, of fulfilling this wish in any | The history of tyranny affords no example of proportion, the influences exerted upon | degree is precluded by the very scanty a female of seventeen, by the command of a it through a life, by events, companion- notices which are left us of her private female, and a relation, put to death for acships, and studies. Such a disclosure, history. Few events of her life have quiescence in the injunction of a father, sanchowever, is hardly to be hoped for. | been recorded, except those in which a tioned by the concurrence of all that the kingOwing to the almost universal neglect of nation was interested, and which, con

dom could boast of what was illustrious in self-observation, and the consequent de sequently, came within the province of

nobility, or grave in law, or venerable in relifect of self-knowledge, it is scarcely to

gion. The example is the more affecting, as the political annalist. We will not once

it is that of a person who exhibited a match, be expected from the individual himself; more recur to those few and notorious

ore recur to those few and notorious less union of youth and beauty with genius, and to hope for it from a friend, however facts, but will rather offer to our readers with learning, with virtue, with piety; whose intimate and observant, would be far more what will interest them far more viz., chimerical. For the department of the

* Stowe. Biograph. Britan. iv. 24200. 1 Ea. 1757. mind, which for this purpose must be

* Foster's Essays, page 80.

+ Heylin. Biograph. Britan.

as

affections were so warm, while her passions / step, and throw some heavy chains on him;

TACITUS. were so perfectly subdued. It was a death but scarcely had these touched the monster sufficient to honour and dishonour an age. than he turned furiously round, seized the

In the delineation of character, Tacitus is nearest hunter in his mouth, and killed ano

unrivalled among historians, and has very few ther with the stroke of his tail. The rest fled

superiors among dramatists and novelists. By THE INDIAN BOA. in terror; but, being unwilling to forego the

the delineation of character we do not mean (Concluded from page 232.) rewards of the King, they invented another

the practice of drawing up epigrammatic catamethod of accomplishing their purpose. They

logues of good and bad qualities, and appendWhen the victim of this gigantic reptile has made a net of thick cords, proportioning its

ing them to the names of eminent men No come sufficiently near for his attack, he darts size to that of the serpent, and placed it near

writer, indeed, has done this more skilfully upon it with the rapidity of an arrow, envethe mouth of his den; then, having observed tha

than Tacitus; but this is not his peculiar lopes it in the huge and muscular folds of his the times of his egress and return, they seized

glory. All the persons who occupy a large body, and presses it with such force as to break an opportunity, when he had gone out in

space in his works have an individuality of

space all its bones, and suffocate it in his dreadful embrace.

character, which seems to pervade all their search of prey, to block up the entrance of the It is from this latter habit that it has received the Latin surname of constrictor.

words and actions. We know them, as if we cave with large stones. When the serpent returned he found his abode beset with a

had lived with them. Claudius, Nero, Otho, If the bulk of the dead animal is too great for number of armed men, horses, and dogs. At

both the Agrapinas, are master-pieces. But the boa to swallow it, notwithstanding the first he erected his head, and uttered frightful

Tiberius is a still higher miracle of art. The large size and elasticity of its throat, he con

hissings; but being frightened at the number tinues to press it until he has broken and soft

historian undertook to make us intimately of his foes, and at the darts and arrows which

acqnainted with a man singularly dark and ened all the more rigid parts; and, if this | assailed him from all quarters, he rushed to

inscrutable—with a man whose real disposiprocess is too difficult for his unassisted the entrance of his cave. Finding this blocked

tion long remained swathed up in intricate strength, he will drag it to the nearest tree, up, and at a loss how to escape from the at

folds of factitious virtues ; and over whose and, placing it between the trunk and his tacks of the hunters, and noise of their trum

actions the hypocrisy of his youth, and the own body, redoubles the pressure until he pets and dogs, he threw himself into the net,

seclusion of his old age, threw a singular has reduced it to a shapeless and flexible where, having wearied himself with the most

mystery. He was to exhibit the specious mass. He then elongates it as much as postremendous efforts to escape, and subdued by

qualities of the tyrant in a light which might sible by similar pressure, pours upon it an the blows of his assailants, he suffered himself"

render them transparent, and enable us at once abundant secretion resembling saliva, and, receiving the head into his jaws, he draws it

to perceive the covering and the vices which to be conveyed without resistance to Alex

it concealed. He was to trace the gradations down his throat by frequent and violent inandria.”

by which the first magistrate of the republic, spirations. Sometimes, after all these efforts,

a senator mingling freely in debate, a noble his prey is too large to be entirely swallowed,

ROME AND ENGLAND.

associating with his brother nobles, was transand in such cases he has been found stretched

formed into an Asiatic Sultan; he was to exon the ground, with his jaws frightfully exFrom a Speech delivered by Daniel Webster,

hibit a character distinguished by courage, tended by the undevoured part of the animal,

at Plymouth, America, in commemoration of

self-command, and profound policy, yet defiled and in a state of profound lethargy, which | the first settlement in New England.

by all usually accompanies no digestion. It was not given to Rome to see, either at

" The extravagancy When its appetite has been completely sa her zenith or at her deeline, a child of her

And crazy ribaldry of fancy.tisfied, it will sometimes lie for five or six days own, distant indeed, and independent of her quite motionless and insensible. Indeed, some control, yet speaking her own language, and He was to mark the gradual effect of advancing travellers near the isthmus of Panama bave inheriting her blood, springing forward to a age and approaching death on this strange declared that they have sat down upon it, competition with her own power, and a com- compound of strength and weakness; to exmistaking its body, as it lies covered with parison with her own great renown. She saw hibit the old sovereign of the world sinking leaves, for the trunk of a tree. So great is its not a vast region of the earth, peopled from into a dotage which, though it rendered his torpor, if we may believe their narration, that her stock, full of states and political commu- appetites eccentric, and his temper savage, they have even lighted a fire close to it before nities, improving upon the models of her insti- never impaired the powers of his stern and it has moved, and discovered to them the tutions, and breathing in fuller measure the penetrating mind-conscious of failing strength, perilousness of their situation. The natives spirit which she had breathed in the best raging with capricious sensuality, yet to the of those regions which it infest generally seize periods of her existence ; enjoying and ex- last the keenest of observers, the most artful of these opportunities of destroying the monster, tending her arts and her literature; rising dissemblers, and the most terrible of masters. and sometimes hasten them, by placing the rapidly from political childhood to manly The task was one of extreme difficulty; the carcase of some animal, slaughtered for the strength and independence; her offspring, yet execution is almost perfect.-Edinburgh Repurpose, before the mouth of its den. The now her equal; unconnected with the causes view. boa never fails to devour it, and then falls which might affect the duration of her own into the lethargy, in which he is easily de- power and greatness; of common origin, but stroyed. not linked to a common fate; giving ample

THE SIGH. A curious account of the capture of one of pledge that her name shall not be forgotten, these creatures in Egypt is given by Diodorus that her language shall not cease to exist

Wuen childhood's grief our bosom throes, Siculus, with which we will close this article.among men; that whatsoever she had done

Ere yet the tongue can lisp our woes, “A number of hunters,” says he,” '“ encou- for human knowledge and human happiness

What can our infant pain disclose ?

A sigh! raged by the munificent offers of Ptolemy, I should be treasured up and preserved ; that the resolved to bring him one of the largest of records of her existence and achievements When time matures the mad-cap boy, these serpents to Alexandria. This enormous should not be obscured, although, in the in And all seems bliss without alloy, reptile, thirty cubits long, lived on the banks scrutable purpuses of providence, it might be What marks the marring of our joy ?of the rivers ; there he dwelt, reclined upon her destiny to fall from opulence and splen

A sigh! the ground, and his body coiled in a circle ; | dour; although the time might come when but when he saw any animal approach the darkness should settle on her hills; when

When youth assumes the would-be man, bank where he resided, he darted upon it with foreign or domestic violence should overturn

Forecasting life's precarious span, impetuosity, seized it in his jaws, or strangled her altars and her temples; when ignorance

What forms the moral of our plan? it in the folds of his tail. The hunters, de- and despotism should fill the place where arts,

A sigh! scrying him from a distance, conceived that and laws, and liberties had fourished; when

When manhood comes, alas ! too soon! they should easily succeed in taking him in the feet of barbarism should trample on the

With hap as changeful as the moon, their nets, and loading him with chains. They tombs of her consuls, and the walls of her

What notes the moment of our noon ?advanced with resolution; but when they were senate-house and forum echo only to the voice

A sigh ! within a short distance of the huge animal, of savage triumph. She saw not this glorious the ferocious glare of his eyes, his rough and vision, to fortify and inspire her against the When fades the flickering flame of age, scaly hide, the noise which he made in rousing possible decay and downfall of her power. And fate commands us off the stage, himself, and his open mouth, armed with long Happy are they who, in our day, may behold

What stamps the close of life's sad page? and curved teeth, inspired them with alarm. I it, if they shall contemplate it with the senti

A sigh ! They ventured, however, to approach, step by I ments which it ought to inspire !

Aberdeen.

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" The general appearance of the Nova Scotia | enable them to purchase. Indeed, to the many bun, THE TOURIST. settlers differs but little from that of the free people dreds of liberated Africans that have been employed

of colour in the West Indies. On Sundays as labourers on the different government works, as MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1833.

their dress is neat and clean, and their general de. well as on the buildings erected by private indivi. portment very respectable. This remark is equally duals during the last few years, may in some mea

applicable to all the other coloured classes which sure be attributed the comparatively small number THE SAFETY OF IMMEDIATE EMAN compose the resident population of Freetown, of agricultural labourers in the villages. LabourCIPATION.

where great external respect is paid to the sab- ers' wages have varied from one shilling to sixpence

bath.' of the maroons they say, 'They happened per day, yet has there never been a deficiency of No. V.

arrive at a time when their services were much liberated Africans who were willing to labour for wanted to repel a hostile attack, on which occasion | hire. On the naval stores now erecting by con

they appear to have conducted themselves well; tract on King Tom's Point, are nearly two hun. SIERRA LEONE.

and they have since maintained pretty generally dred liberated African labourers, who work well

the good opinion then formed of them. Several and steadily at twenty shillings per month, one The pro-slavery writers are perpetually as of them have been successful in trade, by which

of them have been successful in trade, by which half paid io money, and the remainder in goods, suring us that the African race are naturally they have acquired a comfortable livelihood : and taken from the stores of the merchants who have indolent and disposed to barbarism. The ab- a few of them who are most extensively engaged the contract. surd theory of Major Moody is propounded in

in mercantile transactions are supposed to have at “An anxious desire to obtain and enjoy the a thousand forms, each of which is alike dis

tained to considerable affluence, at the same time luxuries of life is apparent in every village, from creditable to the heart and head of its pro

that they have maintained a character of great re- the oldest settler to the liberated African of yes

spectability. The dress and general appearance terday. European articles of dress are the first pounder. The colonists have so industriously

sly of the Maroons is very respectable, particularly
the M

objects of their desire, and for the means of accirculated this charge of indolence and barba- on Sundays, when a peculiar neatness is observ- quiring these both sexes will cheerfully labour ; rism that many well-meaning persons have able, and their deportnient not only in chapel, but and a gradual improvement has taken place in been deluded by it. Fears are, consequently, as far as opportunities have offered of observing their dwellings, as they became possessed of the entertained of the effects of immediate aboli. it elsewhere during that day, is very creditable.'- necessary means for that purpose. tion, and the cause of humanity is thereby The slaves banished from Barbadoes were employ- | “Of the practicability of introducing free la. weakened. We have already seen, in the case ed in public works for two or three years. At bour amongst the liberated Africans setiled here I of the free coloured and black population of the expiration of this time,' say the Commission- I have not the slightest doubt ; nor do I believe our colonies, as also in those of Havti anders, they were permitted to employ themselves they would work half as well in any other way. Guadaloune how triumphantly the African for their own benefit, and they have in general | unless the greatest cruelty should be exercised to race are vindicated from the charges which shown themselves to be industrious and useful.' wards them.” have been preferred against them! This vinOf the black soldiers of the African corps settled

Again, under date of the 15th of November, | in the colony, they say, “Many of thein appear dication will be rendered still more complete lindustrious. They have generally maintained a

| 1827, Colonel Denham writes :

" by a consideration of the facts which will be respectable character, and bave by their own ex

“ I know nothing of what may be the capabilielicited in the present paper.

ertions (aided by some liberal residents), and un-ties of the negro vassal, but I am sure the free Many large bodies of manumitted Africans der the zealous superintendence of the Rev. Mr. negro, either in his own country, or in any other have been located within the last fifty years Raban, erected a chapel in the distant part of the where bondage has never existed, is as sensible of at Sierra Leone. It is well known that about town (Freetown) where they reside. That gentle- rights and privileges, and as ready to defend 2000 negroes joined the British army during man officiates there two days in a week to a con. them, as any white man ia existence; and I defy the first American war. These were settled gregatiou averaging perhaps one hundred persons, any man to show any instance among negroes in in Nova Scotia ; but the climate proving too

whose appearance and deportment are very credit this state of that natural dislike to whites, which cold, and the land too poor for them, between

able.' Speaking of the inhabitants generally, the has been reported and acknowledged as a fact by 13 and 1400 volunteered, a few years after

Commissioners observe, · The coloured men (un- | theorists and West Indians; on the contrary, the

der this term they include the blacks who form white man is always looked up to as their superior, the termination of the war, to form the colony l the a

on the great bulk of the population, and who in fact their protector, and their friend, whenever he will which was then projected at Sierra Leone. I are ihe persous who sit on juries) whom we hay

Sierra Leone. are the persous who sit on juries,) whom we have allow himself to be so considered." Several hundred negroes who had belonged to had opportunities of observing on juries, appeared the 2nd and 4th West India regiments, and attentive and anxious to ascertain the merits of ham. 'reports to the same effect.

Major Ricketts, a successor of Colonel DenRoyal African corps, were also landed at this the case; and as far as we could judge from their

In a letter colony, and manumitted in 1819. A large verdict, seemed to be possessed of sufficient intel.

dated March 27, 1829, he writes : body of Maroons was also conveyed thither ligence to insure the ends of justice. They are

- The liberated Africans appear happy; at from Jamaica in 1801, and in 1816 the popu- selected principally from the older settlers (Nova Wellington they are building by subscription lation was increased by a body of revolted | Scotians and Maroons) and in some few instances among the inhabitants a good-sized church and slaves banished from Barbadoes. About 30,000

from the liberated Africans. The individual at market-house of store ; and a number of private Africans have also been landed in Sierra Leone

present holding the office of Coroner at Freetown, store buildings are springing up. The manager within the last twenty years. These have been

is a Maroon. The present Mayor is one of the at Hastings is endeavouring to erect new bridges

early Nova Scolia settlers; the senior Alderman with the workmen and others of the village, who taken from the holds of slave-ships, and withone of the early Maroon settlers.'"

I give labour and furnish materials gratis. Several out a moment's preparation have been put in

of the liberated Africans who have obtained lots possession of their liberty. The condition in This testimony is the more valuable as of land in Freetown, have built good houses.which they are landed is frequently pitiable incoming from persons who were evidepily | Many of them and of the disbanded soldiers emthe extreme-sorrow, confinement, and cruel somewhat infected with colonial prejudices. ploy themselves in the burning of lime, sawing of usage, having reduced them to the last stage The parliamentary paper of the 17th of boards, cutting shingles and clap-boards; all of of weakness and disease. The men are al- February, 1830, furnishes still later and more which are carried for miles from the spot where lowed twopence per day for six months, and important information. Lieutenant-Colonel | they are prepared to their villages, and from thence the women for three months. Through the Denham, in an official report, bearing date

either brought to Freetown by land, or by water increased vigilance of our cruisers the number May 21, 1827, says:

in canoes, which are kept and hired out for that landed has of late been very considerable. In

purpose by the liberated Africans, residing in vil

"What this colony, or rather the liberated Afri- | 1824 it was 1530; in 1825, 2337; in 1826, I cans, have felt the inost want of, is instruction,

lages situated on the banks of the river or on the

sea.coast. In return for these articles they gene2727 ; and in 1827, 2857.

capital, and example. With the very little they rally receive cash, which is not kept dormant, for Here, then, we are furnished with an oppor- have had of either conveyed in a manner likely to with that they purchase cattle from the natives tunity of submitting the conflicting theories of benefit them generally, it IS TO ME DAILY AN IN- | trading to the colony; and taking them to the the abolitionists, and of their opponents, to the CREASING SUBJECT OF ASTONISHMENT that the libe-country villages they are fattened and afterwards unerring test of facts. What has been the his-rated Africans seitled here have done so much for sent to the market, and a profit of nearly one tory of this colony? What is the report which

hundred per cent. is realized by this species of its present and past condition furnishes in il- " The propensuies of the people located in the dif- industry.' Pigs and poultry are raised in the villustration of the African character? Our reply

ferent settlements are very generally in favour of lages, and the market of Freetown receives from to these questions shall be drawn from official" agriculture.

them an ample supply daily of this kind of stock, documents.

" I have not observed any disinclination for co-as well as of eggs and vegetables. Some of the In 1825 commissioners were ap- | luntary labour : it appears to be a system perfectly pointed to inquire into the state of the colony,

persons supplying the market are known to travel understood and praciised by the liberated Africans from Waterloo and Hastings, the former being and their report was ordered by the House of here, and strengthens with their strength, as they | twenty-two and the latter sixteen miles from Commons to be printed, May 7, 1827. The become more sensible of the sweets of labour, by en Freetown, carrying their produce in baskets on commissioners say :

persons supplying the market are

joying the profits of it, and the comforts those profits their heads; this kind of industry clearly mani.

themselve

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