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THE Llama, as well as the camel, is , and the motions more spirited and lively, i degree, similarly constructed; a part in distinguished from all other ruminant Lin the Llama than the camel. They ex- | the Llama resembles the reservoirs for animals by the absence of horns, by the hibit no protuberances like the camel's, / water in the camel, but they have no musstructure of their feet, and by the two or the dromedary's hump, though they | cular apparatus to close their mouths, and incisive teeth in the upper jaw. In all I have traces of an excess of nutritive mat- allow the solid food to pass into the dithese respects these two closely-allied | ter under the skin, which, on occasions, I gesting stomach without going into the groups very nearly correspond. The pro- is absorbed as a compensation for want cells. portions of the form, however, are lighter, J of food. Their stomachs are, in some ! These similarities warrant naturalists
in classing the camel and the Llama in their wool being extraordinarily fine, and wild part of America, we appear to be the same renus, though they differ in much valued. These animals are often carried back to the first ages, when the size and form. They are both fitted by hunted" after the following manner :- earth was peopled step by step—we seem nature for the endurance of fatigue, hard- | Many Indians gather together, and drive to assist at the birth of human societies. ships, and privations—the one amid sandy them into some narrow pass, across which in the old world, we behold the pastoral deserts, under a burning sun, and the they have previously extended cords about life prepare a people of huntsmen for the other on the wastes of lofty mountains, | four feet from the ground, having bits of agricultural life. In the new world, we with a region of perpetual snow above wool or cloth hanging to them at small look in vain for these progressive deve. them. There are variations in the foot, I distances. This so frightens them that lopments of civilization, these moments but these are modifications of nature, they dare not pass, and they gather toge- of repose, these resting-places in the life which fit them for their respective locali- | ther in a string, when the Indians kill of a people. The luxury of vegetation ties. Both are without any real hoof; | them with stones tied to the ends of lea- embarrasses the Indian in the chase. As but the short, thick, and crooked toes of ther thongs. Should any guanacos hap- the rivers are like arms of the sea, the the Llama, without the horny process pen to be among the flock, these leap depth of the water for many months prewhich unites them in the camel, would over the cords, and are followed by all | vents their fishing. Those species of runot suit them for the burning plains; the vicunnas. These guanacos are larger minating animals which constitute the and a habitation amid the rocks would and more corpulent, and are also called riches of the people of the old world are be unfitted for the feet of the camel. Yet viscaches.
wanting in the new. The bison, and the each is adapted to exist in a very arid
" There is yet another animal of this musk-ox, have not yet been reduced to and sterile region.
| kind called alpagnes (alpacas), having the domestic state; the enormous mulThere is but little doubt that the do- | wool of extraordinary fineness; but their tiplication of the Llama and the guanaco mestication of the Llama has produced legs are shorter, and their snouts con- have not produced in the natives the all the differences of colour and form for tracted in such a manner as to give them habits of the pastoral life.” which the species are remarkable, and some resemblance to the human countethat the varieties known under the names nance.
ANECDOTE OF WYCLIFFE. of pacos, vicunnas, and guanacos, consti- “ The Indians make several uses of
At one period of his life, Wycliffe's health tute butone original class. Captain George these creatures, some of which carry bur
- was considerably impaired by the labour of Sheloocke, an Englishman, who sailed dens of about an hundred-weight. Their producing his numerons compositions, and the round the world in 1719–22, thus de wool serves to make stuffs, cords, and excitements inseparable from the restless hosscribes the Llamas, &c., which he saw at sacks; their bones are used for the con- tilities of his enemies. Being supposed to be Arica in Peru :
struction of weaver's utensils; and their in dangerous circumstances, his old antago“At Arica they generally use that sort dung is employed as fuel for dressing nists, the mendicants, conceived it next to imof little camels which the Indians of Peru meat and warming their huts.”
possible that so notorious an heresiarch should
find himself near a future world without the call Llamas ; the Chilese, chilineque ; The Llamas congregate together in
most serious apprehensions of approaching and the Spaniards, carneros de la tierra, considerable herds, on the side of the
vengeance. But while thus conscious of their or native sheep. The heads of these ani- | Andes, and generally in the colder and own rectitude, and certain that the dogmas of mals are small in proportion to their bo- more elevated regions. When the Spa- the reformer had arisen from the suggestions dies, and are somewhat in shape between niards first arrived in Peru, they were of the great enemy, some advantages to their the head of a horse and that of a sheep, the only beasts of burden employed by
cause were anticipated could the dying cul
prit be induced to make any recantation of his the upper lip being cleft, like that of a the natives; and even at the present day,
the present day, published opinions. Wycliffe was in Oxford hare, through which they can spit to the when horses have become so excessively When this distance of ten paces, against any one common, they are usually preferred for confined him to his chamber. From the four who offends them. Their necks are long, passing the mountains, on which their orders of friars, four doctors, who were also and concavely bent downwards, like that sureness of foot, exceeding that of the called regents, were gravely deputed to wait of a camel. Their ordinary height is from mule, gives them a manifest superiority.
on their expiring enemy; and to these the four feet to four and a half, and their or Generally speaking they are quiet, docile,
same number of civil officers, called senators dinary burden does not exceed an hun- | and timid; but they occasionally exhibit added. When this embassy entered the apart
of the city, and aldermen of the wards, were dred-weight. They walk, holding up their much spitefulness, especially when teased I ment of the Rector of Latterworth, he was heads, with wonderful gravity, and at so or ill treated. Their mode of evincing seen stretched on his bed. Some kind wishes regular a pace that no beating can quicken this has been already mentioned, as con- were first expressed as to his better health, and it. At night it is impossible to make them sisting in squirting their saliva through the blessing of a speedy recovery. It was premove with their loads, for they lie down their cleft lip with considerable force.
sently suggested, that he must be aware of the till these are taken off, and then go to Like all the other ruminants, they sub
many wrongs which the whole mendicant
brotherhood had sustained from his attacks, graze. Their ordinary food is a sort of sist entirely on vegetables. In the me
especially in his sermons, and in certain of his grass, called yeho, somewhat like a small nageries they have a particular fondness writings; and, as death was now apparently rush, but finer, and has a sharp point, for carrots; and if one of these is ab about to remove him, it was sincerely hoped with which all the mountains are covered stracted while they are eating, their anger that he would not conceal his penitence, but exclusively. They eat little, and never is immediately roused, and they spit with distinctly revoke whatever he had preferred drink, so that they are easily maintained. the greatest vehemence, covering with | against them to their injury. The sick man They are used at the mines to carry ore their saliva a surface of three or four
remained silent and motionless until this ad
dress was concluded. He then beckoned his to the mills; and, so soon as loaded, they yards in extent.
servants to raise him in his bed; and, fixing set off without any guide to the place Humboldt, beautifully describing the his eyes on the persons assembled, summoned where they are usually unloaded. primitive rudeness in which most of the all his remaining strength, as he exclaimed
“Their hair, or wool rather, is long, tribes of South America remain, partly aloud, “I shall not die but live, and shall white, grey, and russet, in spots, and from geographical position, and partly
again declare the evil deeds of the friars.” The fine, but much inferior to that of the from the spontaneous bounty of their cli
doctors and their attendants now hurried from vicunna (vigonia), and has a strong and mate, notices, in his description, the
his presence, and they lived to feel the truth of
his prediction; nor will it be easy to imagine disagreeable scent. effect produced by the existence of the
another scene more characteristic of the parties : “ The vicunna is shaped much like the Llama and guanaco flocks.
composing it, or of the times with which it is Llama, but much smaller and lighter, “When we attentively examine this connected.-Vaughan's Life of Wycliffe.
A SHARK-HUNT. rit r ate expressions of anger and impatience. On scious of the abuse which is flung down upon
the other hand, I suppose the first symptom of him ; for, as he turns, and twists, and flings THE lunarian, busy taking distances, crams an enemy's flag coming down in the fight was himself about, his eye glares upwards with a This sestant hastily into the case; its computer, never hailed with greater joy than is felt by a ferocity of purpose which makes the blood working out his longitude, shoves his books on ship's crew on the shark turuing round to tingle in a swimmer's veins, as he thinks of one side, the marine officer abandons his ex- seize the bait. A greedy whisper of delight the hour when it may be his turn to writhe ternal flute; the doctor starts from his nap; the passes from mouth to mouth; every eye is under the tender mercies of his sworn foe! purser resigns the complete book; and every lighted up, and, such as have not bronzed No sailor, therefore, ought ever to think of man and boy, however engaged, rushes on their cheeks by too long exposure to sun and hauling a shark on board merely by the rope deck to see the villain die. Even the monkey, wind, may be seen to alter their hue from fastened to the hook; for, however impotent if there be one on board, takes a vehement in- pale to red, and back to pale again, like the his struggles may generally be in the water. terest in the whole progress of this wild scene. tints of the dying dolphin.
they are rarely unattended with risk when the I remember once observing Jacko, running When a bait is towed astern of a ship that rogue is drawn half way up. To prevent the
When a bait is towed astern of a ship th backwards and forwards along the after-part of has any motion through the water at all, it is line breaking, or the hook snapping, or the the poop hammock-netting, grinning, scream- neoessarily brought to the surface, or nearly jaw being torn away, the device of a running ing, and chattering at such a rate, that, as it so. This, of course, obliges the shark to bite bow-line knot is always adopted. This noose, was nearly calm, he was heard all over the at it from below; and as his mouth is placed being slipped down the rope, and passed over decks. “What's the matter with you, Master under his chin, not over it, like that of a the monster's head, is made to jam at the Mona ?” said the quarter-master, for the ani- | Christian, he must turn nearly on his back point of junction of the tail with the body. mal came from Teneriffe, and preserved his before he can seize the floating piece of meat When this is once fixed, the first act of the Spanish cognomen. Jacko replied not, but in which the hook is concealed. Even if he piece is held to be complete, and the vanmerely stretching his head over the railing, does not turn completely round, he is forced quished enemy is afterwards easily drawn over stared with his eyes almost bursting from his to slue himself, as it is called, so far as to the taffrail and flung on the deck, to the unhead, and, by the intensity of his grin, bared show some portion of his white belly. The speakable delight of all hands. But although his teeth and gums nearly from ear to ear. instant the white skin flashes on the sight of the shark is out of his element, he has by no “ Messenger! run to the cook for a piece of the expectant crew, a sudden cry or murmur means lost his power of doing mischief; and pork,” cries the captain, taking command with of satisfaction is heard amongst the crowd; I would advise no one to come within range as much glee as if it had been an enemy's but no one speaks, for fear of alarming the of his tail, or trust his toes too near the anicruiser, he was about to engage. “Where's shark.
mal's mouth. The blow of a tolerably largeyour hook, quarter-master ?” “Here, Sir, Sometimes, at the very instant the bait is sized shark's tail might break a man's leg ; here!" cries the fellow, feeling the point, and cast over the stern, the shark flies at it with and I have seen a three inch hide tiller-rope declaring it as sharp as any lady's needle, and such eagerness that he actually springs par- bitten more than half through, full ten miin the next instant piercing with it a huge tially out of the water. This, however, is rare. nutes after the wretch had been dragged about junk of rusty pork, weighing four or five On these occasions he gorges the bait, the the quarter-deck, and had made all his victors pounds; for nothing, scarcely, is too large or hook, and a foot or two of the chain, without keep at the most respectful distance. I retoo high in flavour for the stomach of a shark. any mastication or delay, and darts off with member hearing the late Dr. Wollaston, with The hook, which is as thick as one's little his treacherous prize with such prodigious ve- | his wonted ingenuity, suggest a method for finger, has a curvature about as large as that locity and force that it makes the rope crack measuring the strength of a shark's bite. If of a man's hand when half closed, and is from again as soon as the whole coil is drawn out a smooth plate of lead, he thought, were thrust six to eight inches in length, with a formidable In general, however, he goes more leisurely to into the fish's mouth, the depth which his barb. This fierce-looking grappling iron is fur- work, and seems rather to suck in the bait teeth should pierce the lead would furnish a nished with three or four feet of chain, a pre-than to bite at it. Much dexterity is required sort of scale of the force exerted. caution which is absolutely necessary; for a in the hand which holds the line at this mo- I need scarcely mention, that when a shark voracious shark will sometimes gobble the bait | ment, for a bungler is apt to be too precipi- | is floundering about the quarter-deck becomes so deep into his stomach that, but for the tate, and to jerk away the hook before it has a scene of pretty considerable confusion; and chain, he would snap through the rope by got far enough down the shark's maw. Our if there be blood on the occasion, as there which the hook is held as easily as if he were greedy friend, indeed, is never disposed to re- / generally is, from all this rough usage, the nipping the head off an asparagus.
linquish what may once have passed his for stains are not to be got rid of without a week's A shark, like a midshipman, is generally | midable batteries of teeth ; but the hook, by a scrubbing, and many a growl from the captain very hungry; but in the rare cases, when he premature tug of the line, may fix itself in a of the afterguard. For the time, however, all is not in good appetite, he sails slowly up to part of the jaw so weak that it gives way in such considerations are superseded—that is to the bait, smells it, and gives it a poke with his the violent struggle which always follows. say, if the commander himself takes an intershovel-nose, turning it over and over. He The secret of the sport is to let the voracious est in the sport, and he must be rather a then edges off to the right or left, as if he ap- monster gulp down the huge mass of pork, spoony skipper that does not. If he be indifprehended mischief, but soon returns again, to and then to give the rope a violent pull, by ferent about the fate of the shark, it is speedily enjoy the delicious haut gout, as the sailors which the barbed point, quitting the edge of dragged forward to the forecastle, amidst the term the flavour of the damaged pork, of the bait, buries itself in the coats of the vic- kicks, thumps, and execrations of the conwhich a piece is always selected, if it can be tim's throat or stomach. As the shark is not a querors, who very soon terminate his miserable found. While this coquetry, or shyness, is personage to submit patiently to such treat- career, by stabbing him with their knives, exhibited by John Shark, the whole afterpart ment, it will not be well for any one whose boarding-pikes, and tomahawks, like so many of the ship is so clustered with heads that not foot happens to be accidentally on the coil of wild Indians. This virisejre til an inch of spare room is to be had for love or the rope, for, when the hook is first fixed, it The first operation is always to deprive him money. The rigging, the mizen-top, and even spins out like the log line of a ship going of his tail, which is seldom an easy matter, it the gaff, out to the very peak—the hammock-twelve knots.
not being at all safe to come too near; but nettings and the quarters, almost down to the The suddenness of the jerk with which the some dexterous hand, familiar with the use of counter, are stuck over with breathless spec- poor wretch is brought up, when he has reached the broad axe, watches for a quiet moment, tators, speaking in whispers, if they venture to the length of his tether, often turns him quite and at a single blow severs it from the body. speak at all, or can find leisure for any thing over on the surface of the water. Then com- | He is then elosed witir by another, who leaps but fixing their gaze on the monster, who asmence the loud cheers, taunts, and other across the prostrate foe, and with an adroit yet is free to roam the ocean, but who, they sounds of rage and triumph, so long sup-cut rips him open from shout to tail, and the trust, will soon be in their power. I have seen pressed. A steady pull is insufficient to carry tragedy is over, so far as the struggles and this go on an hour together; after which the away the line, but it sometimes happens that sufferings of the principal actor are concerned. shark has made up his mind to have nothing the violent struggle of the shark, when too There always follows, however, the most lively to say to us, and either swerved away to wind speedily drawn up, snaps either the rope or curiosity in his inside ; but they are often disward, if there be any breeze at all, or dived the hook, and so he gets off, to digest the appointed, for the stomach is generally empty. so deep that his place could be detected only remainder as he best can. It is, accordingly, I remember one famous exception, indeed, by a faint touch or flash of white many fa- held the best practice to play him a little, with when a very large fellow was caught on board thoms down. The loss of a Spanish galleon, his mouth at the surface, till he becomes somethe Alceste, in Anjeer Roads at Java, when in chase, I am persuaded, could hardly cause what exhausted. During this operation one we were proceeding to China with the emmore bitter regret, or call forth more intempe- could almost fancy the enraged animal is con-bassy under Lord Amherst. A number of ducks and hens, which had died in the way, It requires but a very slight acquaintance truth, that the retributive justice of the Most were, as usual, thrown overboard in the morn- with the laws of Christ to convince us that High does fall on individuals and on nations, ing, besides several baskets, and many other nothing is more repugnant than slavery to when they wilfully continue in their guilt, and minor things, such as bundles of sharings and the spirit and precepts of his holy religion: take not heed to the solemn warnings conveyed bits of cordage, all which things were found“ All things whatsoever ye would that men in the exercise of his overruling providence. in this huge sea-monster's inside. But what should do to you, do ye even so to them," was Now is our time; protraction accumulates excited most surprise and admiration was the the command of our blessed Saviour; and the guilt. It is fearful to look at the present hide of a buffalo, killed on board that day for again, “ Thou shalt love thy neighbour as state of society in the colonies; it is still more the ship's company's dinner. The old sailor thyself,” under which term, we believe, are fearful to look forward. As we believe that who bad cut open the shark stood with a foot comprehended our fellow-creatures of every the continuance of slavery is an offence in the . on each side, and drew out the articles one by nation, tongue, and colour. These divine laws sight of God, so we also believe, that, if from
one from the huge cavern into which they had are of perpetual obligation. Our Lord further a conviction of its sinfulness, in repentance been indiscriminately drawn. When the ope- declares: “If thou wilt enter into life, keep towards God, we put away this evil from berator came at last to the buffalo's skin, he held the commandments;" “ If ye love me, keep fore him, he will graciously turn unto us and it up before him like a curtain, and exclaimed, my commandments.” If, then, we wilfully bless us—that if laws for its immediate and “ There, my lads ; d'ye see that! He has violate his commandments, are we not in dan entire extinction, accompanied by judicious swallowed a buffalo, but he could not digest ger of losing an inheritance in eternal life ?- ) and equitable provisions, are forthwith made, the hide!”—Captain Hall's Autobiography. are we not giving practical proof that we do our Heavenly Father will prosper this work of
not love Jesus Christ?-can there be a greater mercy. And we further believe that, by the violation of his righteous law than to buy and substitution of the paternal care of the govern
sell our fellow-men ?-to claim a right of pro ment, in the place of the arbitrary power and SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE SUB- perty in them and their offspring ?-to hold in authority of the master, the peace of society JECT OF SLAVERY,
perpetual bondage those for whom, as well as will be secured, and the comfort, the happiRespectfully submitted on behalf of the religi- I denying the Lord who bought us?--and ought | moted.
for us, Christ died? Is not this practically ness, and the prosperity of all, be greatly proous Society of Friends, to the Christian pub- | not these considerations to bring with them | We offer these reflections with no feelings lic in the British dominions.
solemn reflections on looking forward to that of hostility to any class; we sincerely pity The Society of Friends, having long believed day when we must all appear before the judg those who are involved in a system from it to be their duty to advocate the inalienable ment seat of Christ ?
which the conduct of our predecessors in reright of the injured sons of Africa and their We earnestly beseech our fellow-country- | ligious profession has warned and guarded us. descendants to the enjoyment of civil and reli- men, our Christian brethren of every denomi We cannot doubt but that many of the colo gious liberty, feel themselves constrained, in nation, to lay these things to heart. As sub nial proprietors would gladly disencumber Christian love at this important period, notjects of the same government, as fellow-be- | themselves from the burthen of any longer only to maintain the cause of the oppressed, lievers in the truths of the pure and holy reli- | upholding slavery, and that they would unite but to plead with those who are upholding the gion of our blessed Redeemer, we are called in such measures for its abolition as they system of British colonial slavery.
upon to cherish feelings of kindness and love might deem safe and equitable. We feel for One quarter of a century has now elapsed one towards another. We, therefore, affec- them as possessors of estates which may have since the British government abolished the tionately desire that we may all be wholly descended to them by inheritance, with the slave-trade on the coast of Africa ; but to this clear of any longer supporting this unrighte-clog of slavery attached to them. At the same very hour, within our colonial territories, the ous system, and contributing to frustrate the time, being fully persuaded that men are subjects of this empire are legally sanctioned gracious and beneficent designs of our Al- most likely to prosper in the world, when, in in buying and selling their fellow-men as the mighty Parent respecting his rational creation. the conducting of their temporal affairs, they beasts that perish. Year after year has passed We believe that amongst the proprietors of act according to the eternal principles of juson; the cry of justice and mercy has been slaves there are those who are amiable in the tice, we are strongly impressed with the belief raised; the cause of these oppressed and de- / various relations of private life, and who are that the immediate provision for the terminagraded children of our Heavenly Father has seeking to live as becometh the gospel. Totion of slavery at the earliest possible period, been advocated; the practice of slavery has these we would especially appeal. Permit us, will, in this respect, greatly benefit the colobeen clearly proved to be utterly unchristian, in sincere good will, to ask you-Can you, as nial proprietor. so that though sophistry has been employed in believers in Christ, and desirous to be num May our legislators, and all in authority attempts at refutation, it has been employed bered with his disciples both here and here | both at home and abroad-may every one in in vain; and reason and religion have gained after, continue to be connected with a system his individual allotment, who can sympathize greater triumphs by the contest: it neverthe so entirely opposed as slavery is to the scope with the sufferings of the oppressed, and to less is still suffered to disgrace our country. I and design of his gospel? When you con- whom it is given to feel for the present and
The character of slavery has been faithfully template the moral state of the countries where future well-being of his fellow-men-be so indepicted within the last ten years, by means of it prevails, when you consider their blighted fluenced by the power of Christian love and official documents laid before parliament, as prospects, notwithstanding all the unhallowed of Christian truth as that we may all cordially well as by the testimony of men of unques- gains which it has yielded, can you doubt but co-operate in endeavouring to effect this righte tioned veracity, eye-witnesses of the enormities that this system is signally marked by the ous object, and not relax in our efforts until its of the system. It has been proved to be the righteous displeasure of the Supreme Governor final accomplishment! invariable tendency of this condition of society of the world ?
In conclusion, it is our earnest prayer that to weaken moral principle, and to benumb and The present circumstances of the slaves and it may please Almighty God to continue to destroy the best sympathies of the human of the free people of colour in the British co- regard this kingdom for good, and to direct its heart. Its atrocities and its horrors, as now lonies, the troubles in the Mauritius, the in councils in this, and other acts of justice and exposed to public view, are not beheld as its surrections in Jamaica, and the religious per- | mercy, so as to promote his glory in the haroccasional fruits, but as its natural and uni-secutions which have followed, are momentous mony of his rational creation. form results. What, indeed, but the unre- signs of the times as regards the continuance | Signed, in and on behalf of a meeting restrained and licentious indulgence of the of slavery. Contemplating these events, and presenting the religious Society of Friends in basest passions can be expected from the pre- the increased interest for the oppressed, which the intervals of its yearly meeting, by valence of the most abject servility on the so manifestly pervades every class of society
GEORGE STACEY, Clerk. part of one portion of the human family, and on of the human family, and in this land, the time is surely arrived when in this land, the time is surely arrived when
London, the 4th of the 1st Month, 1833. uncontrolled power on the part of another ? all should co-operate in Christian endeavours Whoever allows himself to examine more in wholly and speedily to remove this national detail the barbarity often exercised upon the sin. When a people have become enlightened COMPOSURE IN DEATH.-When Sir Humphrey victims of slavery, and the degradation into on the enormity of a crime, the guilt of con Gilbert, who, in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, which they are plunged a degradation tinuing that crime is aggravated. Ignorance took possession of Newfoundland in her Majesty's marked by the prostration of every feeling of the real character and tendency of slavery name, and who was finally drowned, was once that ennobles man — must regard, as truly can no longer be pleaded. Warning has, of
overtaken with a storm at sea, he was observed awful, the situation of those who, from mis- | later times, succeeded warning with porten
sitting unmoved with a Bible in his hand, and
was observed to say, “Courage, my lads! we are taken policy, are concerned in directly uphold- tous rapidity. Divine revelation teaches us,
as near heaven at sea as at land.”-Hinton's ing this system. and the history of mankind exemplifies the la
APPEAL TO THOSE PERSONS, PRO-ther you ought not, as professed disciples of | when it is evident the city will be destroyed ? FESSORS OF RELIGION. WHO YET Christ, immediately to imitate this praisewor- | Ought you not be examples of doing justice.
thy example, and instantly to set your slaves at and loving mercy, and walking humbly with HAVE PROPERTY IN THEIR FEL
| liberty. Surely you will not attempt to recon God, and thus to adorn the doctrine of God LOW-CREATURES.
cile your conduct, in regard to having property our Saviour? Ought you not to hate the garCHRISTIAN BRETHREN.-You are almost in your fellow-men, with your allegiance to ment spotted by the flesh ? Ought you not to the only class of persons in the nation, known Christ, who has enjoined it upon all his dis- | abstain from even the appearance of evil? But to be the holders of your fellow-men in cruel ciples, “Thou shalt love thy neighbour as does your holding men in cruel bondage combondage in our colonies, who have not been thyself.” You must be aware that a great port with either justice or mercy ? Does this publicly expostulated with on the palpable in | crisis, in regard to our 800,000 fellow-subjects practice adorn the religion you profess?-or instice and unparalleled inconsistency of your who are held in bondage in our colonies, is does it not rather give the enemy reason to conduct.
fast approaching. There are many reasons blaspheme? Can any blot be more foul upon As members of the Anti-Slavery Society, we for concluding their liberation cannot be long | your Christian character? Is it not rather inhaye repeatedly, in our official publications, deferred; we hope this will be effected by the dulging real evil, and encouraging it, than abo ayowed it as our deliberate opinion, that “ sla- | British legislature, and not by their own staining from its appearance? Is it possible very is incompatible with Christianity”-in means; at any rate, we wish you to “come you can enjoy a conscience void of offence, direct violation both of its spirit and maxims. | out” from among the slave-holders before the either towards God or towards men, while you Need we remind you that our Divine Lord I just indignation of heaven avenge the wrongs | hold such prohibited property? We seek your has enjoined. “ Whatsoever ve would that men of these, our oppressed and insulted fellow- | consistency, your honour, your happiness' when should do unto you, do ye älso unto them?»* subjects, many thousands of whom are also we urge it upon you,“ let the oppressed go free, It would be insulting you to suppose that you our fellow Christians. Why should you linger I and that ye break every yoke," are willing to receive such treatment from your slaves as you are inflicting upon them.
An apostle, too, enumerating the most fagitious characters, whose conduct was condemned by the sound doctrine of the gospel, has placed upon the lists“ men-stealers" that is, those who had violated the law of Moses on that subject: “He that stealeth a man, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.” Admitting that your holding “men” in bondage as your property is of equal enormity with actually stealing them, so that, though you have not "stolen” them, they are yet found in your hand, it follows that your conduct is condemned, as being totally inconsistent with your professed characters, both by the law of Moses and the gospel of Christ.
It is a most affecting and deeply humiliating fact, that every denomination of Christians among us (excepting only the “Friends”) are more or less implicated in this accursed thing; some by being actual proprietors of slaves, as the bench of bishops, in regard to the Codrington estates in Barbadoes; and the Moravian Missionary Society, with some distinguished members of that body, who have either slaves or slave-estates in the English, Dutch, and Danish West India colonies : as,
CHURCH OF ST. JOHN, SOUTHOVER. also, some individuals belonging to the Independents. Nor can we acquit the Wesleyan, Both historical documents and the in- | Southover, the building was found too the Church, and the Baptist Societies, ofteresting remains of antiquity to be found small to contain the increased congregatacitly sanctioning and encouraging the prac- l in and near Lewes, prove it to be one of tion, and an enlargement became necessary. tice of slavery, by having admitted, as mem
the most ancient of our towns. To some The whole of the present south side of bers of their churches, slave-holders, who, as we have shown, are, in the character of Chris
of these remains, however, antiquaries the church is built of alternate squares tians. proscribed by the spirit and letter of the seem somewhat at a loss to affix a precise of flint and stone, and corresponds with gospel of Christ.
date, and this applies to the church repre- the style of building at the close of the One object in addressing you is because we sented above. It is situated in the parish sixteenth or the beginning of the following would discharge a solemn duty. An apostle of Southover, which may be considered as I century, at which time it is most prohas said, “If a brother be overtaken with a forming a part of the town of Lewes. | bable that the alteration took place. The taudi, ve who are spiritual restore such a one We are totally ignorant, says one of stone window-frames, which were introin the spirit of meekness.”'s From our prin-Lite i ciples in respect to the incongruity of slavery |
Prin- its historians, of the time when the church | duced at the time of this repair, are Goto Christianity, we certainly consider you as
of St. John the Baptist, in Southover, thic, and were probably taken from the having, by your conduct, encouraging and was reared. A will, which bears date ruins of the dissolved priory. That they abetting the horrible practice of holding pro- | 1512, mentioned it as existing at that were not originally formed for the situaperty in your fellow-men, been “overtaken” time ; and, from the terms in which it is tion they now occupy is evident, from with a most grievous" fault”-a fault no ar- referred to, we may conclude that it was | many parts of them being composed of guments can justify, and which no circum
not by any means new at that time. The different materials from the rest, owing, stances can palliate. . Another reason we have is—to acquaint you
building was not large, but sufficiently probably, to some of the stones being with the conduct of our brethren, the Friends,
capacious to accommodate the parishion- broken or lost in taking them from the in regard to giving up the practice of holding ers, whilst the gates of St. Pancras walls in which they were originally fixed. slaves in 1769, and thus having a cleared church (attached to an ancient monastic | This church has recently undergone conthemselves” from any participation in the institution there) were thrown open to siderable alterations. It consists of a evils of colonial slavery since that period. We those who preferred to worship with the nave and two aisles. A painting of John respectfully urge it upon your attention, whe
prior. But after Henry's reforming zeal baptizing our Lord fronts the west. The * Matthew vii. 12.
had levelled the proud structure, and the altar-piece represents the last supper, and # Exodus. Galatians vi. 1. parishioners again flocked to the church of possesses considerable merit.