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cuted by Westmacott, and was not erected neglected affluence in his mental tem- strikingly indicative of his high regard until a considerable time after his death. perament the very opposite of the rigid for Mr. Fox, and at the same time exIt is not our intention, on this occasion, correctness of this great rival.

ceedingly characteristic. It was related to present our readers with a life of this It is much to be lamented that we are by one

of his pupils in the New Monthly distinguished man; it has already been so scantily furnished either with descrip- Magazine. executed by many hands, and is too tions or specimens of the conversational

“ He occasionally sent me," said the pupil, closely interwoven with the political his- talents of Mr. Fox. The following, how-" to Grove Park, on an embassy to obtain the tory of the times in which he lived to ever, will be read with interest, from the Courier newspaper; and, upon my return,

made me read to him the parliamentary deadmit of our comprehending, within such pen of a recent historian of his times :Jimits as ours, anything but a meagre and His animation was unequal, and there were In the delivery of Mr. Pitt's speeches, I some

bates, which were at that time full of interest. uninteresting detail

. We have, therefore, periods when a stranger might have proc times took a malicious pleasure in giving the thought it better to record one or two bounced him even taciturn. But those times utmost possible effect to the brillian!

passages; anecdotes and general notices of his character. would seem to fertilize his mind, and he then upon

which the doctor would exclaim, “Why The distinguishing feature of Mr. Fox's overbore every thing with the richness and you wpadle, do you dwell with such energy

upon Pitt's empty declamation ? Don't you variety of his conceptions. intellectnal character appears to us to

see it is all sophistry ?' At other moments he have been imagination and sensibility and disposed by neither party nor personal re- would say, " That is powerful !—but Fox will These were the traits which showed collections to be enamoured of Fox, describes Mr. Fox rose," Parr would roar out, “Stop! themselves most prominently both in his his conversation as admirable. They met at 1 and after shaking the ashes out of his pipe public and private life. In the former, Lausanne, spent a day without other company and filling it afresh, he would add, Now, their predominance, and the defects with and talked the whole day;" the test was suf

ficiently long under any circumstances, but you dog, do your best ! In the course of the which it is almost necessarily associa- Gibbon declares that Fox never Aagged; his speech he would often interrupt me, in a tone ted, may account for the compara- animation and variety of topic were inex- such as the following : Capital answer tively awkward and uninteresting man- haustible.

that if you can, Master Pitt!' and, at the conner in which he commenced the most One evening, at Devonshire House, some brilliant efforts of his oratory. While remark happening to be made on the skill clusion, "That is the speech of the orator and

the statesman; Pitt is a mere rhetorician,' getting over preliminary details, and of the French in emblems, the Duchess play. adding, after a pause, “a very able one, I clearing the way to the great principles to fully said that it would be impossible to

admit.' which, on every question, he naturally were made, with various success. The Duchess We will now proceed to notice sometended, and the development of which still declared herself dissatisfied. At length what more generally the character of Mr. called forth all his powers of fascination Fox took up a bunch of grapes, and presented Fox, and we cannot better do this than and conviction, he was generally slow, it to her, with the motto, “ Je plais jusqu'à by making a selection from the numerous constrained, and in felicitous. He inva- ? ivresse.”* His superiority was acknowledged delineations of it by the hands of his most riably kindled with his subject, and only by acclamation. exhibited that animation for which he On another occasion, Burke was contending, intimate and most

distinguished friends, was so remarkable under the influence bility of raising Italy to her former rank, and first we shall give was contained in the

in his usual enthusiastic manner, for the possi- which appeared after his death. The of the great moral principles on which instanced that several nations which had sunk characters of Fox by Dr. Parr, under the his subject turned. The necessary con- under the sword had risen again. Fox argued name of Philopatris Varvicensis, and is sequence of this habit of thinking and that her ruin was irretrievable, and that the confidently attributed by him to his ilspeaking was, that his auditory sympa- very tardiness and tranquillity of her decay lustrious friend, Sir James Mackintosh. thized with him, were carried passively made restoration hopeless, "The man," said

he It first appeared in a Bombay newspaper, along under the same impressions, and cipice

, may have them mended by his surgeon. during Sir James's recordership there. kept at a temperature corresponding with But what hope is there when they have dis- Mr. Fox united, in a most remarkable de his own. solved away in the grave ?”

gree, the seemingly repugnant characters of In private life, the effect of these cha- A high official personage, since dead, noto- the mildest of men, and the most vehement of racteristics was equally evident. No man rious for his parsimony, and peculiarly for his orators. In private life he was gentle, modest, was more alive to the beauties of natural reluctance to contribute to charitable institu- placable, kind, of simple manners, and so scenery, and the relish for them lasted in tions, was seen at a sermon for a charity, in averse from parade and dogmatism as to be undiminished intensity to the day of his terested. How far the sermon acted on this inactive in conversation. His superiority was

which Sheridan and Fox happened to be in- not only unostentatious, but even somewhat death. In perfect accordance with this noble person's liberality became a question over never felt but in the instruction which he imunsophisticated taste was his delight in the table. “I think he gave his pound," said parted, or in the attention which his generous poetry, to which his partiality amounted Sheridan. “Impossible!” said Fox; “the preference usually directed to the more obscure to enthusiasm, and which perpetually rack could not have forced such a sum from members of the company. The simplicity of afforded him a relaxation from his politi- him, or he must think that he is going to die.” his manners was far from excluding that percal cares and fatigues. His taste in this, much; even Judas threw away twice the more from the mildness of his nature than as in all other respects, was remarkably money." “ Yes," returned Fox, “ but how from familiar intercourse with the most polished pure, and his memory so exceedingly re- long was it before he was hanged ?".

society of Europe. His conversation, when it tentive and ready that he had the finest When at Paris, Fox was one day dining was not repressed by modesty or indolence, was passages of all the best poets in several with Napoleon, then First Consul of France, delightful. The pleasantry perhaps of no man languages entirely at his command. and the conversation turned upon the trial by of wit had so unlaboured an appearance. It But

it was in his social character that jury, of which Buonaparte, as might be ex- seemed rather to escape from his mind than to these distinctions were most conspicuous. pected, expressed his disapprobation. “It be produced by it. He had lived on the most To them were principally owing the charm might be so inconvenient to a government;" distinguished by wit, politeness, or philosophy,

was," he said, “so Gothic, so cumbrous, and intimate terms with all his contemporaries of his society, which those who were pri- upon which Fox, with characteristie frankness, or learning, or the talents of public life. In vileged with his friendship represent as replied that "the inconvenience was the very the course of thirty years, he had known irresistibly fascinating. The wit, the ele- thing for which he liked it."

almost every man in Europe whose intercourse gance, the spontaneity, and copiousness which distinguished his conversation may ducing an anecdote of Dr. Parr, which is In classical erudition, which, by the custom

We cannot here refrain from intro- could strengthen, or enrich, or polish the mind.

His own literature was various and elegante all be recognized as the dependent graces of his fancy-all betoken a geniality and

of England, is more peculiarly called learning, * "I please to intoxication.”

he was inferior to few professed scholars. Like



all men of genius, he delighted to take refuge the moment, and even at other times, by the ; to it, without the very care which his habits in poetry from the vulgarity and irritation of various persons whose arguments he was to and his talents equally rejected. business. His own verses were easy and answer; in the faculty of spreading out his He undoubtedly attached as little to the pleasing, and might have claimed no low place matter so clearly to the grasp of his own mind, musical intonation of his speeches as to the among those wbich the French call vers de as to render it impossible he should ever fail language in which they were expressed. His société. The poetical character of his mind in the utmost elearness and distinctness to emphases were the unstudied effusions of nawas displayed in his extraordinary partiality others; in the exuberant fertility of his ima- ture-the vents of a mind burning intensely for the poetry of the two most poetical nations gination, which spontaneously brought forth with the generous flame of public spirit and -or, at least

, languages of the west, those of his ideas at the moment, in every possible benevolence, beyond all control or managethe Greeks and of the Italians. He disliked shape in which the understanding might sit in ment when impassioned, and above the rules political conversation, and never willingly took judgment on them ; whilst, instead of seeking to which inferior things are properly subjected; any part in it.

afterwards to enforce them by cold premedi- his sentences often rapidly succeeded, and To speak of him justly as an orator would tated illustrations or by episodes, which, how- almost mixed themselves with one another—as require a long essay. Every where natural, ever beautiful, only distract attention, he was the lava rises in bursts from the mouth of a he carried into public something of that simple accustomed to repass his subject, not methodi- volcano, when the resistless energies of the and negligent exterior which belonged to him cally, but in the most unforeseen and fasci- subterranean world are at their height. in private. When he began to speak, a nating review, enlightening every part of it; common observer might have thought him and binding even his adversaries in a kind of closing, to the last and greatest political

We can only cursorily allude, in awkward; and even a consummate judge could spell of involuntary assent for the time. only have been struck with the exquisite just

achievement of Mr. Fox, to which an ness of his ideas and the transparent simplicity

allusion is contained in the monument of his manners. But no sooner had he spoken

This will be found more particularly to represented at the commencement of this for some time than he was changed into ano- apply to his speeches upon sudden and unfore- article. It is commemorated in the folther being, He forgot himself and every thing seen occasions, when certainly nothing could lowing spirited passage from the pen of genius warmed and kindled as he went on: He witness, as I have often done, the mighty and the Rev. G. Croly:darted fire into his audience. Torrents of im- unprepared efforts of his mind, when he had Fox's politics may now be obsolete ; his parpetuous and irresistible eloquence swept along to encounter the arguments of some profound liamentary triumphs may be air; his elotheir feelings and conviction. He certainly reasoner, who had deeply considered his sub- quence may be rivalled, or shorn of its beams possessed, above all moderns, that union of ject, and arranged it with all possible art, to by time; but one source of glory cannot be reason, simplicity, and vehemenee, which preserve its parts unbroken. To hear him extinguished—the abolition of the slave-trade. formed the prince of orators. He was the begin, on such occasions, without method, This victory no man can take from him. most Demosthenean speaker since Demos without any kind of exertion, without the Whatever variety of opinion may be formed on thenes. “I knew him, says Mr. Burke, in a

smallest impulse from the desire of distinetion his public principles, whatever condemnation pamphlet written after their unhappy dif- or triumph, and animated only by the honest may be found for his personal career, whatference,“ when he was nineteen; since which

sense of duty, an audience who knew him not ever doubts of his great faculties: on this one time he has risen, by slow degrees, to be the would have expected little success from the subject all voices will be raised in his honour, most brilliant and accomplished debater the conflict-as little as a traveller in the east

, and the band of every man of English feeling world ever saw.” The quiet dignity of a mind whilst trembling at a buffalo in the wild vigour will add a stone to the monument that perperoused only by great objects, the absence of of its well-protected strength, would have tuates his name. On the 10th of June, 1806, petty bustle, the contempt of show, the abhor- looked to its immediate destruction, when he Fox brought forward his motion, in a speech rence of intrigue, the plainness, and down saw the boa moving slowly and inertly towards brief but decided. “So fully,said he," ami rightness

, and the thorough good nature which him in the grass. But Fox, unlike the serpent I impressed with the vast importance and neces distinguished Mr. Fox, seem to render him no in every thing but his strength, always taking sity of attaining what will be the object of my very unfit representative of that old English his station in some fixed, invulnerable princi- motion to-night, that if, during the forty years national character, which, if it ever changed, ples, soon surrounded and entangled his adver- that I have had the honour of a seat in parliawe should be sanguine indeed to expect to see. sary, disjointing every member of his discourse, ment, I should have been so fortunate as to acsucceeded by a better.

and strangling him in the irresistible folds of complish that, and that only, I should think The simplicity of his character inspired contruth.

I had done enough, and should retire

from public fidence, the ardour of his eloquence roused

This intellectual superiority, by which my life with comfort, and the conscious satisfaction enthusiasm, and the gentleness of his manners illustrious friend was so eminently distin- that I had done my duty." invited friendship. “I admired,” says Gibbon, guished, might nevertheless have existed in all His speech concluded with the immortal re" the powers of a superior man as they are

its strength, without raising him to the exalted solution :-"THAT THIS HOUSE, CONCEIVING blended, in his attractive charaeter, with all station he held as a public speaker. The THE AFRICAN SLAVE-TRADE TO BE CONTRARY the softness and simplicity of a child; no powers of the understanding are not of them- TO THE PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE, HUMANITY, human being was ever more free from any, lect alone, however


selves sufficient for this high purpose. Intel- AND SOUND POLICY, WILL, WITH ALL PRACTIFrom these qualities of his public and private feelings, without even irritable sensibility, TUAL MEASURES FOR ABOLISHING THE SLAVEcharacter, it probably arose, that no English would be only like an immense magazine of Trade, in SUCH MANNER AND AT SUCH PERIOD statesman ever preserved, during so long a gunpowder, if there were no such element as AS MAY BE DEEMED ADVISABLE.” period of adverse fortunes, so many affectionate fire in the natural world. It is the heart which On the division, one hundred and fourteen friends and so many zealous adherents.

is the spring and fountain of eloquence. A voted for the measure, against it only fifteen ! The following very vivid delineation of thing I know,compose in his closet an eloquent few days after, he was taken ill of his mortal

cold-blooded, learned man, might, for any This was the last effort made by Fox. In a his powers as an orator is from the pen of book; but in public discourse, arising out of disease. No orator, no philosopher, no patriot, his friend Lord Erskine :

sudden occasions, he could, by no possibility, could have wished for a nobler close to his This extraordinary person, generally, in be eloquent.

labours. rising to speak, had evidently no more preme- *

SLAVERY. ditated the particular language he should em- It has been said, that he was frequently 01, SLAVERY! “ thou art a bitter draught!" ploy, nor, frequently, the illustrations and careless of the language in which he expressed And twice accursed is thy poison'd bowl, images by which he should discuss and enforce himself; but I can neither agree to the justice, which taints with leprosy the white man's soul, his subject, than he had contemplated the hour nor even comprehend the meaning, of that Not less than his by whom its dregs are quaff'd: he was to die. And his exalted merit as a criticism. He could not be incorrect from The Slave sinks down, o'ercome by cruel craft, debater in parliament did not, therefore, con carelessness; because, having lived from his Like beast of burden on the earth to roll; sist in the length, variety, or roundness of his youth in the great world, and having

been The Master, though in luxury's lap he loll

, periods, but in the truth and vigour of his familiarly conversant with the classics of all Feels the foul venom, like a ranklíng shaft, conceptions ; in the depth and extent of luis nations

, his most unprepared speaking (or, if Strike through his reins. As if a demon laugh’d, information in the retentive powers of his critics will have it so, his

most negligent)

must He, laughing treads his victim in the dust memory, which enabled him to keep in con- bave been at least grammatical, which it not But the poor prisoner's moan the whirlwinds waft stant view, not only all that he had formerly only uniformly was, bat distinguished by its To Heaven-not unavenged: the oppressor quakes read and reflected on, but every thing said : teste: more than that could not have belonged With secret dread, and shares the hell he makes !

T. P.

pensation would be brought within very nar- but the supineness or mistakes of the friends to THE TOURIST. row limits.

emancipation. We entreat our readers to be West Indians, and many persons who are on their guard against delusions. The followMONDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1833.

less excusable for the prejudice, have so long ing has been announced, among the political been in the habit of considering the negroes principles of the Conservatives," as the specifie

as so much stock, that they consider the pro- pretext upon which the abolition of slavery is IMMEDIATE EMANCIPATION. posal to raise them to the social level of men, now to be resisted by the pro-slavery party :

as tantamount to robbing them of so many “ To promote, after a just and full compenWe copy the following very able article head of cattle. They forget this trifling differ- sation shall have been secured to the propriefrom a recent number of “The Patriot.” ence between the human herd employed upon tor of each slave, the abolition of slavery

their plantations, and the live-stock of a farm; throughout the British dominions, at such It contains some of the most original and the negro is of no use except for his labour. time, in each colony, as it can be effected with forcible arguments which we have seen He cannot now, in the British islands at least, advantage to the slaves, safety to the colonies, advanced on this subject. The book be bred for a foreign market. He yields and security to the shipping and commercial which it so strongly commends to notice neither milk, flesh, wool, horn, nor hides. An interests of the empire !" is the Anti-Slavery Reporter, No. 104. old negro is a burden to the proprietor. A That is, delay, upon a double pretext, ad

dead negro is worth something less than no- infinitum. We say, Now. Our opponents If we have any readers in whose mind there thing. His muscles and sinews alone are

mean, Never. lurks the shadow of a doubt as to the safety, valuable, when set to work by the cart-whip Again, we say, let every friend to the cause the expediency, or the duty of immediately and other apparatus. Now, as the property in be on his guard ; and, in order to this, let him abolishing the condition of slavery, they owe the person of the negro is valuable, simply as arm himself at all points against delusion, by it to themselves, and to the cause of humanity, giving a command over his physical labour, if distinct, clear, thorough information. It is to procure and make themselves thoroughly that command can be secured without the placed within his reach at so small a cost of acquainted with this important document. proprietorship, which is in itself a burden, money or labour, that he will be inexcusable

The main parts of the inquiry referred to what does the slave-holder lose by giving up if he neglect to furnish himself with it. This the committee embraced the following two his whole stock? What more than a gentle single number of the Reporter will supply him propositions: 1. That the slaves, if emanci- man who should give up his carriage-horses, with a mass of evidence, which will probably pated, will adequately maintain themselves by on condition of being furnished with the use satisfy him as to the expediency as well as the their own labour; and, 2. That the danger of of horses by the jobber, on cheaper terms than justice of an early, not to say immediate, withholding freedom from the slaves is greater he could maintain his own in the livery-stable, emancipation. If not, let him not rest till he than that of granting it. The “fair and equi- taking into account the chances of loss by has obtained complete satisfaction; and then, table consideration of the interests of private death, the veterinary surgeon's and farrier's let him not rest till he has followed out his property, as connected with emancipation," bills, and the other attendant expenses ? convictions by every constitutional means of was not investigated by the Committee. In

Or, let us suppose that the gentleman's giving effect to the decisions of his conscience fact, this consideration ought not to be allowed horses had died, or that they were found to be and the feelings of his heart. for one moment to embarrass the settlement stolen property, to which he could not make a of the question, for three obvious reasons: valid or legitimate claim ;-he loses, it is true, First, the negro, at least, as Mr. Alers Hankey the market price of the horse, but he saves the SKETCH OF THE LIFE OF JOSEPHUS, very properly observed, owes nothing to the amount, perhaps, in the first or second year of planter, and the victims of our national guilt | his adopting the cheaper, though less dignified,

THE JEWISH HISTORIAN. ought not to continue to suffer “while we are method of hiring. Is he greatly to be pitied? Josephus, whose “History of the Wars of the haggling about the pounds, shillings, and But if to hold men in slavery be a crime,- Jews" is too well known to need any descrippence.”. Secondly, when it is finally deter- call it a national crime or an individual tion, was, by his father, of the race of the mined that slavery shall cease, it will be quite crime,-the only preliminary question ought priests, and of the first of the twenty-four time enough to go into the consideration of to be, Can it be abolished without injury to courses; and by his mother he was descended those special cases of hardship which may pos- the great sufferers by that crime, or without a from the Asmonæan family, in which the royal sibly require an equitable remedy. The claim disproportionate punishment falling upon the power was united with that of the high-priestto compensation is at present urged only as an guilty principals in that crime ? Admitting hood. He was born at Jerusalem, in the first argument ad terrorem, as it was during the that the whole nation participates in the guilt, year of Caius Caligula. At sixteen years, he agitation of the slave-trade question ; the jus- as originally an accessary; that it has, in for- began to inquire into the sentiments of the tice and the impracticability of compensation mer times, sanctioned and encouraged slavery, different sects among the Jews,—the Pharisees, being insisted upon in the same breath. But and the slave-trade too; that the feeling of its Sadducees, and Essenes. At twenty-six he for what is the slave-holder to be compensated? moral turpitude is a feeling of modern growth; went to Rome, to petition the emperor Nero in For the loss of his power over the person of the for this its sin, greatly a sin of ignorance, this behalf of several priests of his acquaintance, negro ? or for the loss of his command over nation has been punished in various ways, whom Felix had sent bound to Rome. At the labour of the negro ? If for the former, has been mulcted, and taxed, and injured in Puteoli he became acquainted with Aliturus, he may just as reasonably claim compensation its best interests; bas been deprived of its a Jewish comedian, who had ingratiated himfor every abridgment of his arbitrary power American colonies, which, in retaining that self with Nero. Through this man he was by humane enactments. If for the latter, he fatal legacy of slavery, have clung to a curse introduced to Poppæa, the wife of Nero, by has to prove that his command over that la- that is now beginning to work upon the vitals whose interest he succeeded in obtaining libour will be taken away, or even diminished, of the States. But what punishment is not berty for his friends, and from whom he also by the abolition of slavery. Thirdly, let it be due from God and man to those guiltier prin obtained many considerable presents. The but admitted, what the evidence condensed in cipals in the crime, who—when a whole nation following year he returned into Judea, when this pamphlet triumphantly establishes, that has at length waked to repentance, deaf to all he saw every thing tending to a revolt under the slaves will, if emancipated, maintain them- remonstrance, after forty years' warning-per-Gessius Florus. In the beginning of the selves by their labour, and that no danger sist in heaping fresh wrongs and injuries upon Jewish war, he commanded in Galilee. When would result from granting them freedom; it the victims of their oppression, stigmatizing Vespasian, who was a general of the Roman follows that the abolition of slavery would be the sentiments of common humanity as cant army under the reign of Nero, had conquered in two respects a boon to the planter: first, by and hypocrisy, persecuting the ministers of that country, Josephus was taken at Jotapata. cheapening labour (free labour being always religion, and defying the very government that He and forty more Jews had concealed themcheapest); and, secondly, by extinguishing protects them in their crimes? We invoke no selves in a subterraneous cavern, where they the element of 'danger which is always gene- human vengeance upon Jamaica, but we know formed the desperate resolution of killing each rated by slavery, and with it, both the con- who has said, “I will repay.” Our anxiety other rather than surrender themselves to the scious feeling of insecurity and the cost of is, that England should not continue to be Romans. Josephus, having been governor of protection. Should it appear that the inter- involved in the guilt of tolerating the con- the place, and therefore entitled to priority in ests of private property, the value of all legiti- tinuance of the wrong.

point of rank, it was at first proposed by the mate property, are enhanced by the change in The time is come for the settlement of the rest to yield it to him as an honour, to become the condition of the

slave (which it is our firm question. If slavery is not now abolished, it the first victim. He, however, contrived to dibelief that, ultimately at least, they would be), will be the fault of Christians in this country. vert their minds from this, by proposing to cast the claim for equitable and reasonable com- Nothing can

much longer delay the abolition, lots for the precedency; and after thirty-nine

had ballotted and killed one another, he, and tinued with his son Titus, who took the com- | The fish, however, are rarely found in it in the other who survived, agreed not to lay vio mand of the army after his father, Vespasian, calm weather, but when strong winds blow, lent hands upon themselves, nor to imbrue was gone to Rome. He was present at the especially from the west, these tenants of the their hands in one another's blood, but deliver siege of Jerusalem, and was a spectator of the waters seem to be seized with a general panic, themselves up to the Romans. Upon this, awful desolations of the city, temple, and and hurry from their lodgings like rats from Josephus surrendered himself up to Nicanor, country; and soon after wrote his History ef a conflagration. At these times they rush who conducted him to Vespasian. When the Jewish Wars, and Jewish Antiquities. through the outlet in crowds, and fail pellbrought into the presence of the latter, Jose- The whole were finished in the 56th year of mell into the reservoir, from which they are phus told him that he had something to com- his age, in the 13th of Domitian, and Anno speedily transferred to the frying-pans of the municate to him which would probably strike Christi, 93.

burgesses.-Scotsman. him with much surprise, and perhaps not obtain his immediate credit-it was that he,

CURIOUS FACT. Vespasian, should become Emperor of Rome, in less than three years.

SONNET TO AFFLICTION. Aware that the It is a fact not much known, that the eel, general might think this was merely a strata- though it lives in an element that seems to O tuou ! with wakening step and withering eye, gem on the part of Josephus to save his life, place it beyond the reach of atmospheric And chalice drugg’d

wiih wormwood to the brin, the latter told him that he did not ask for his changes, is yet singularly affected by high Who com'st to prove the nerve and rack the limb, liberty,—he was content to be kept as a close winds. This is well known to the inhabitants And wring froin bruised hearts the bursting sighprisoner during the interval; and that, should of Linlithgow, who have an excellent oppor- From thee in vain affrighted mortals Aly! his prediction not be realized, he was contert tunity of observing the habits of that animal Thou breath'st upon them, and their senses swim to be then put to death. Vespasian yielded to in the loch adjoining the town. The stream In giddy horror-while thy comrades grim, his request, although he, at first, placed no cre- which flows out of the loch at the west end, Anguish and dread, their snaky scourges pły. dit in what Josephus had said.' He, however

, passes through a sluice, and falls into an arti- | Afiction ! though I fear and hate thy hand, kept the latter with him, as a prisoner, while ficial stone reservoir

, from which it escapes by Physician harsh!

thy merits, too, I own ;

And fain would shun the bitter cup thou bear'st, he himself continued in these parts; but when a number of holes at the sides and bottom. For thou

dispellist illusions that withstand he heard that he had been elected Emperor at These holes are too small to let eels of a com- Milder coercion-and the roots uptearst Rome, he gave him his liberty, and raised him mon size pass, and hence this reservoir an- Of cancerous ills that have the heart o'ergrown. to his confidence and favour. Josephus con- swers the purpose of an eеl trap or cruive.



WOBURN ABBEY. WOBURN Abbey, the principal seat of of the Ionic order, and the general cha- observed that what is generally done the Duke of Bedford, is a spacious and racter of the edifice conveys ideas of soli- by a united society, was here effected by superb pile of building, erected on the dity and dignity. The fine arts have li- an individual ; his grace rewarded invensite of a religious house, founded in the berally contributed to the embellishment tion, fostered ingenuity, and gave a fair year 1145, for monks of the Cistercian of the interior. Nearly the whole of the practical trial to every new theory, in the order. In the reign of Edward the Sixth principal apartments are adorned with invaluable science of agriculture.” The the property of Woburn, together with paintings, uniformly interesting, and, in example of this patriotic nobleman has many other ecclesiastical estates, was many instances, affording select speci- operated beneficially on the country at granted to the Russel family; and the mens of the most distinguished masters. large; and has, in no instance, met with present mansion was constructed on the This noble mansion is situated in the more judicious imitation than in the perdomain thus easily acquired, by John, midst of an extensive park, finely unequal son of his successor. the fourth Duke of Bedford. The ground-in surface, and richly clothed with wood. Queen Elizabeth made a journey to plan of the building forms a square of But the chief object of attraction in the Woburn in 1572; and when Charles I. more than two hundred feet, having a attached grounds is of a more homely de visited Woburn, in 1645, notwithstanding quadrangular court in the centre. Many scription, and consists in those experi- the Earl of Bedford was then in the serimprovements have been effected at dif- mental farms which were instituted by vice of the parliament, the monarch slept ferent times, particularly under the direc- the late Duke, with an admirable zeal and at the Abbey. tion of the late Duke. The west front is patriotic spirit. It has been correctly

OBSERVATIONS ON MAGNETISM. should have been as to electricity, had every sides, he took refuge at Coaxden, and, entering
BY DR. WILKINSON, OF BATH. material substance equal conducting powers. the parlour where Mrs. Cogan was sitting

The same reasoning applies to caloric. Al-alone, threw himself upon her protection. It
Of the four active agents in Nature, viz. though, from the observations of Delaroche, was then the fashion, as it was long afterwards,
Light, Electricity, Caloric, and Magnetism, the Berard, Dulong, and Petit, we may consider for ladies to wear large hoops; and as no time
science of the last has made the least progress. that the atoms of all the simple chemical ele- was to be lost, the soldiers being at his heels,
The principle of magnetism, as to its influencements have equal capacities for

caloric, yet, in she hastily

concealed him under this capacious on iron, was known many centuries anterior to their infinite variety of combinations, no two article of her dress. Mrs. Cogan was in her Thales as resembling vitality, it appears that arrangements exactly, accord. Also with re affections a royalist, but her husband belonged. Plato, Aristotle, and Pliny, who mentioned it, spect to light, the undulatory system, which is to the opposite party, and was then out upon were satisfied with this supposition. Its polarity was not discovered till the twelfth sition that the ethereal luminous matter is so diers, he made towards his house, and entering

diffused, as not only to occupy the intervals with them, they all walked into the room century: but who applied it to the great pur- between the particles of all material bodies, where the lady was sitting. Affecting surprise pose of navigation is not known; it is a point but also the substance itself; to allow of its at the intrusion, the men immediately anVenetians. The English lay no claim to the impulses, each particle must be in juxtaposi- nounced their business, stating that Prince invention of the compass: they have the honour tion: if, with Dr. Herschell, we suppose that Charles had been traced very near to the house,

optical phenomena lead to the calculation of and as he must be concealed upon the preof suspending the box which holds the needle.

there being 37,640 undulations in one inch of mises, they were authorized to make a strict Mr. Norman in 1576 first remarked that the red light, the number of undulations in one search for him. Assenting with apparent reanorth end of a needle, when magnetised, has second of time will amount to 468 billions. diness to their object, Mrs. Cogan kept her. a tendency to incline so as to form an angle From the experiments of Savart it appears that seat, whilst her husband accompanied the men below the horizon, called the dipping of the the ear can distinguish 24,000 vibrations in into every room ; and, having searched the needle; which varies in different places, and one second : and contemplating sounds as premises in vain, they took their departure, Mr. in the same place at different times. Thus, at vibrations similar to pendulous bodies, it is Cogan going out with them. Being now reLondon in 1576, the angle of inclination with respect to the horizon was 718 50';

in 1718, in the

wing of a gnat to produce its particular tion, the lady provided for the security of the

easy to calculate that the number of vibrations leased from their singular and perilous situabetween 748 and 75%. The more important dis- buzzing

note will

at least be 5,000 in one se fugitive, until it was prudent for him to departş covery was made by Sebastian Cabot, in 1500; cond. How many particles of hydrogen may and having furnished him with provisions and viz. the variation of the needle; the great va- be placed

in the length of one inch! yet sound a change of apparel, he proceeded on his jourlue of which may be properly appreciated, by is transmitted 3,000 feet in one second through ney to Trent, and from thence to Brighthelmnavigation. The course of a ship on the sur-this gas; and to produce this sound, and to stone, then a poor fishing town,

from whence continue the communication, each distinct he embarked for France. Clarendon, who has face of our globe is a great circle ; and the particle must have an oscillatory motion, with given an interesting narrative of his peregrinaangle with the meridians over which she no other change of place than is requisite for tions, has omitted the above adventure, but it passes : if a vessel sails due north or south, the transmission of its acquired impulse to the is well authenticated. After he had reached she evidently describes a great circle of the contiguous particle.

the continent, Charles rewarded the lady's sphere or part of such a circle; or if due east

Whether the principle of universal gravita- fidelity by sending her a handsome gold chain or west, she cuts all the meridians at right tion, or the perturbations of the elliptic motions and locket, having his arms on the reverse

. angles : in almost every instance, her course of the planets, are referable to any material This relic was long preserved in the family, is oblique to these principal points, and under agent, or to motion alone, would constitute a until the last possessor unfortunately

exchangsuch circumstances, by means of the compass, theory of magnetic variation appears to ad- Repenting of this step, an attempt was made

subjeet of interesting inquiry. Dr. Halley's ed it away for plate with a Jew at Exeter. she can make the same angle with

the meri- mit of an explanation upon the ingenious a few days afterwards to recover it back again, dians over which she passes, and the line described is that curve known to mathematicians Geological System of Cordier.

but it was then too late; the purchaser having by the name of the nautical spiral or rhumb

It is with sincere pleasure that I observe reported, whether truly or otherwise, that he line.

announced a Series of Lectures on Electro- had melted it down for the gold. The chain Till within these few years, magnetism was Magnetism, by Mr. Addams. For perspicuity was long and massy, and is within the recolsupposed to be a principle confined to ferrugi- Mr. Addams is not excelled by any lecturer and Times of De Foc.

in explanation and dexterity in manipulation, lection of some of the family.-Wilson's Life nous bodies. The late brilliant electro-mag. To him every person in this city fond of sciennetic experiments have demonstrated the uni- tific research, ought to feel great obligations, versality of this principle, except in iron, for importing and concentrating the disco

THE FAIR THIEF. which alone constitutes an imperfect con- veries made in different parts of the world, and

BEFORE the urchin well could go, ductor of this surprising agent. From the illustrating them by an apparatus always supe

She stole the whiteness of the snow;

And more that whiteness to adorn, agency of galvanism on copper wires, we are induced to suppose that magnetism is more riorly constructed.

She stole the blushes of the morn

Stole all the sweets that ether sheds superficially distributed than electricity; yet

On primrose buds and violet beds. we are not justified by experiments in stating, REMARKABLE ESCAPE OF CHARLES

Still to reveal her artful wiles, that its power is regulated by the extent of

She stole the Graces' silken smiles; metallic surface. It is the most delicate test


She stole Aurora's balmy breath, of galvanism we possess : and, by late experi- Of the parents of Richard Cogan, an anec

And pilfered orient pearls for teeth. ments, its reaction on electricity has elicited a dote still more remarkable is handed down by

The cherry, dipt in morning dew, galvanie spark. Perhaps the most astonishing the family. They were originally from Ire

Gave moisture to her lips and hue. experiment is that lately made by Professor land, where they possessed good property,

These were her infant spoils, a store Sillman, of America. Many hundred yards of which was much injured in the wars of Charles

To which in time she added more.

At twelve she stole from Cypra's queen insulated copper wire (viz. covered with silk), I. Upon the Irish massacre, they took refuge Her air, and love-inspiring mienwapped round a large horseshoe magnet, and in England, and with the wreck of their for- Stole Juno's dignity, and stole the two ends of the wire so arranged as to tune purchased Coaxden and Lodge, two es From Pallas sense to charm the soul. form the circuit in a galvanic battery, the dis-tates situated between Chard and Axminster, A pollo's wit was next her prey; turbed magnetism, in its transit to its state of the former of which is still possessed by one of The next the beam that lights the day equalization, supported near a ton weight.- their descendants. Here they were seated at She sung-amazed the Syrens heard, Here we observe an agent, whose weight is the time of the battle of Worcester, when, the

And to assert their claims appearedinappreciable; whose material resistance is royalists being entirely defeated, Prince Charles,

She played the muses from the hill never experienced; yet, under certain condi- afterwards King Charles II., escaped in dis

Wondered who thus had stole their skill. tions, capable of counteracting such extensive guise, and for some weeks eluded his pursuers,

Great Jove approved her charms and art, force of gravitation. until he found means to depart the country.

And t'other day she stole my heart. Had it not been for iron being an imperfect Having gone to Lyme for that purpose, the

If, lovers, Cupid, are thy care,

Exert thy influence on the fair; conductor, we should for ever have remained people, who were mostly disaffected to him, To trial bring her stolen charms, ignorant of the existence of such a principle soon got scent of it, which obliged him to And let her prison be my arms. as magnetism; and in the same state we make å hasty retreat. Closely pursued on all

Earl of Egremont to his Wife.

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