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“ I pencilled things I saw, and profited by things I heard.”—LETTER OF A WALKING GENTLEMAN.
Vol. 1.—No. 3.
MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1832.
Price One Penny.
THE GREAT OFFICIAL SEAL OF ENGLAND.
The above is a représentation of the Great will be perceived, is guarded by the and imposing appearance. The whole official Seal of England. The allego- British Lion, crouching at the foot of the is encircled by the words GULIELMUS rical figures introduced in the foreground, Sovereign, whilst Britannia stands in an IVD. G. BRITANNIARUM. F. D. as well as those on the right and left of attitude of proud defiance, keeping the wept. 8, 1831. the King, represented sitting on his enemies of her country at bay. The In the time of King John, the Seal was Throne, are illustrative of the component | Crest and Arms of England, encompassed considered as the most important attestaparts of the State. Peace and Justice by the noble Order of the Garter, with its tion to a deed, as may be seen in the support the King on his right, whilst ancient and celebrated motto, “Iloni soit charters of Henry III.) which were Wisdom, Strength, and Plenty, are no qui mal y pense,” form a striking feature sealed with the impresses of Cardinal less assiduous to his left.. The Throne, it I in the centre, and gives to the Seal a grand | Gualo, the Legate, and William Marshall,
the Protector; the Great Seal of John MATRIMONIAL CORRESPON poverty himself, he dreads thethought of joining having been lost with all his treasure, in
his heart with one in like circumstances, from DENCE.
the uncertainty of being able to support her in the washes of Lincoln, and his son had no Tu son had no The following epistles are copied from a
a stile consonant to her desires and any disnew Seal until two years afterwards. New York Paper of 1822.
satisfaction on her part would be to him a source
The decided of pain and regret. Seals appear to have been little used
| abhorrence evinced by the gentleman to "He is therefore induced to seek one, who, by the Anglo-Saxons, and were probably Jan slave property commends it to our co
under the smiles of fortune, may possess funds not required to authenticate an instrument.
sufficient to secure an income, that may equal lumns Even after the Norman invasion, also,
the expenses of a sphere in which she may choose
" Philadelphia, June 5, 1822. to move. Having seen your communication of they seem to have made but little pro. "A Lady, who has had many suitors in her the 5th inst. he has been waiting for your card, gress. Since, William I. frequently con
time, and who has been, perhaps not unjustly, before addressing you; and he takes the liberty firmed his charters by a cross, and until
charged with fickleness and want of just discri- to request that you will no longer hide under the
mination, feels conscious now of the value in the mask which Junius wore, but give your card ; the reign of Henry II., the use of Seals Icss of time, and is indelibly impressed with the and to offer himself as a person who may suit your hardly extended beyond the greater
conviction, that the present life is but as a judgment and fancy To give any description of
vapour; she would therefore willingly remedy his person or accomplishments, would be useless, Barons.
past listlessness, by availing herself of the first as you will see and judge for yourself, before you In the time of Edward I., seals had honourable offer, and not refuse being allied as will surrender to him your hand and heart. He multiplied to so great a degree, that every consort to a gentleman of good repute.
can, however, assure you, that he has been, and
“Hitherto (and at present) her orb and still is, admitted into the best society, and can freeman, and even the higher sort of vil.
sphere of action has been among the wealthiest ; procure abundant testimonials of his being a lains had their distinct devices, armorial but riches, she is aware, does not produce talent, man of honourable feelings, “ blended with a ensigns being used upon them in the although it affords leisure to cultivate it; and, social and generous disposition;" and also, would twelfth century, about the time of the
as her property is amply sufficient to afford express to you his firm belief, that the family
every comfort, elegance, and luxury of life, circle is the purest source of human enjoyment. crusade under Richard I.; the earliest having funds to the southward, exceeding two He would also very respectfully observe, that instance being said to be a Seal of King hundred thousand dollars (independent of what he must expect the lady to whom he would be
she has at her disposal in this Stale,) her chiet united, to possess the qualities which you have John when Earl of Montaigne. But
wish and desire is to be united, as before ob pointed out as requisite in the mar, of your choice, during this period, the custom of signing served, to a gentleman. 'This term, however, I particularly mental accomplishments,” blended had almost entirely disappeared, and the
though precise and definitc to her, may not be with softness of temper and a feeling heart. English Sovereigns authenticated their
generally so, where the title is claimed by the "You say, Madam, that you have funds to the
throng; she does not mean such gentlemen as southward, exceeding two hundred thousand charters by their Seals only, until the compose the multitude, or canaille, or, as for- dollars. If this immense possession should contime of Richard II., when royal signatures, | merly understood, a man of pedigree or ancestry, sist in whole or in part in Slaves, he would ascalled Signs Manual, from being written
but a man of mental accomplishments; or, in sure you, that "a transfer of your property with
other words, a man of mind and manners. The your hand" could not be accepted by him; as the by the King's own hand, came into use. more and the better he is furnished, with respect principle and practice of the Slave-holding States,
to the latter qualities, if blended with a generous as manifested by their late members in Congress, HAPPINESS.
and social disposition, and the less encumbered while it disregards the principles of morality and with that gold the world idolizes, the more ac- religion, and shocked the feelings of humanity,
ceptable will he be to her, as she can then avail has cast a shade, of a dingy hue, over the prinALL men pursue good, and would be herself of those feelings of grateful recollection, ciples of our happy Government. He would happy, if they knew how: not happy for inseparable from an honourable mind; and therefore observe to you emphalically, that he is a minutes, and miserable for hours ; but )
which, though the verbal expression is, and friend to freedom and the rights of humanity. He of right should be, withheld, is discernible in I would therefore
is discernible in would, therefore, assure you, that he could not, happy, if possible, through every part of every look, word, and action. With these quali. under any consideration, ever consent to go fartheir existence. Either, therefore, there fications, and limited in his devotion to revelry, ther south than Pennsylvania to reside, until the is a good of this steady, durable kind, or of this stooderdurha lind or the seductions of the table-courteous and foul stain is eradicated by the benign and illumi
| affable to ladies generally, but affectionate only nating rays of the principles of the North-there is not. If not, then all good must to herself, she will think, for such an exchange, when the shackles of slavery shall be broken into be transient and uncertain ; and if so, an the transfer of her hand and property the hap- / atoms, and fair freedom shall prevail.
“DIOSCORIDES." object of the lowest value, which can little piest event of her life. She presumes sufficient
ideas have been traced, to render the object and “P. S. If you choose not to give your card, deserve our attention or inquiry. But if meaning of this communication intelligible; yet, and desire to favour my address, any communithere be a better good, such a good as we as this public mode of making her sentiments cation for • Dioscorides' will are seeking, like every other thing, it
| known, may not only be condemned by the fas- / attention."
tidious, whose opinion she regards not, but by must be derived from some cause, and many who, but for their hyperbolical adulation
THE TREE OF DISSIPATION. that cause must either be external, inter in addressing her, would be more regarded, she
The nal, or mixed, inasmuch as, except these will not at this time give her card; but as
sin of co Junius, unknown as Junius, intermixed with
drunkenness three, there is no other possible. Now a society, and heard himself lauded or censured,
expels reason, steady, durable good, cannot be derived so she will, in her round of visits, learn whether,
drowns memory, from an external cause; since all derived inne all dorivod | in a female, this mode may be consonant to pro
distempers the body, priety or not. If it is, she will in a few days
defaces beauty, dimin• from externals must fluctuate. By the direct where she may be addressed by note; and
ishes strength, corrupts same rule, it cannot be derived from a to convince her it is not, something more than
the blood, indames the liver, the cold frigid manners of the city must be urged, mixture of the two, because the part
weakens the brain, turns men before the enthusiastic feeling that originated which is external will proportionably de- this novel mode shall be relinquished.”
into walking hospitals, causes
internal, external, and incurable stroy its essence. What then remains
wounds. is a witch to the senses, a but the cause internal ? the very cause
" New York, June 12, 1822. devil to the soul, a thief to the pocket,
“To the unknown Lady in Philadelphia, who which we have supposed when we place
the beggar's coinpanion, a wife's woe, and desires a union in Marriage with a Gentleman of children's sorrow-makes man become the sovereign good in mind-in rectitude merit.
a beast and a self-murderer, who of conduct. “Agentleman of one of the learned professions,
drinks to others' good health, after having laboured in the fields of science for
and robs himself of his
own ! The oath was lately administered to a Chinese some years, the toils of which, while it enrichez in the following manner: The interpreter placed and refines the mind, at the same time as surely
root of all evil is a china saucer in the witness's hand, who threw drains and impoverishes the purse-finds himself, it down and dashed it to pieces : the interpreter at the completion of his literary pursuits (as it
DRUNKENNESS!!! then said "you shall tell the truth, and the whole respects funds) at a very low ebb ; and, fully im. truth, for this saucer is cracked, and if you do pressed with the belief that the marriage state, | The Duke of Orleans having met, in one of the not tell the truth your body will be cracked like when judiciously accomplished, is absolutely ne hogpirals which he visited, an old soldier of Na. the saucer." Indians are sworn by pouring cessary to secure the highest degree of enjoyment polcon's, who had been in all the Emperor's ine. water out of the saucer, &c.
which this world can afford, would gladly em- morable campaigns, he approached him and said, A gentleman shewing his friend his curiosities brace the first favourable opportunity, to ally
Taking him at the same time by the hand, of pictures, &c., in his gallery, on the other's himself to a lady of mind and taste.
- Brave man, I hope to see you soon cured. praising them all very much, he gave him his "Jad Fortune favoured him with her bounty,
Old soldiers, like you, are too valuable to be –, choice of any one of them as a present. The he would prefer a union with a lady in opposite
“My Lord," said the old soldier, bluntly in. stranger fixed his election on a tablet, in which circumstances, because the ability to change the Ten Commandments were written in letters the situation and render his partner, to the highest lerrupting him, " when I was ill of the plague in of gold, “You must excuse me there," replied possible degree, happy, would be a constant source Jaffa, and the Emperor came to take my hand, he the gentleman, “those I am bound to keep." Tof tbe greatest mental enjoyment. But, being in I did not wear gloves."
BY COWPER, APRIL 16, 1792.
Hears thee by cruel men and impious callid
Fanatic, for thy zeal to loose the enthrall'd
Friend of the poor, the wrong'd, the fetter-gall’d,
Of Britain's Senate to thy glorious cause;
By peace for Afric, fenced with British laws:
EPIGRAM, BY COWPER.
To purify their wine, some people bleed
A lamb into the barrel, and succeed;
No nostrum, planters say, is half so good “Facts-not fictions."
only of cruelly punishing his Negroes, To make fine sugar, as a Negro's blood.
Now, lambs and Negroes both are harmless things COLONIAL ATROCITY.-Letter from
And thence perhaps this wondrous virtue springs; | woman who lived with him; and one day,
'Tis in the blood of innocence aloneJamaica :-“ There has been a lamenta being more than usually furious, he struck Good cause why planters never try their own. ble, and I fear in many instances an un- | her with some weapon, and killed her
THE CHURCHYARD. necessary waste of life during this rebel- on the spot. None but slaves were pre
(Translation from Karamsin, a Muscovite Poet.) lion : courts martial, in such times, are not sent, and one of them ran into the vilguided by very nice rules of evidence, as lage, crying out, “Massa has killed Missus,
How frightful tue grave! how deserted and drear ! will be seen by our bloody records. But Massa has killed Missus." This gentle | With the howls of the storm-wind-the creaks summary as are the proceedings of these man, as he is there called, was, to the of the bier, courts, there are some who appear to have best of my recollection, brought to trial
And the white bones all clatt'ring together! considered them much too tedious: several for it, but was not punished, for want of
How peaceful the grave! its quiet how deep ! delinquents, or suspected delinquents, have evidence! the testimony of slaves not Its zephyrs breathe calmly, and soft is its sleep, been put to death in cold blood, without being received.
And flow'rets perfume it with ether. any manner of trial whatever! What
FIRST VOICE. will be thought of the poor negro woman's
A decent, free black man, a trades. There riots the blood-crested worm on the dead, case who was in company with a body of man in Kingston, had lived with a fe. And the yellow skull serves the foul toad for a bed,
And snakes in its nettle-weeds hiss. Rebels when surprised by the Militia ? | male slave, belonging to a white lady,
SECOND VOICE. SHE HELD UP HER YOUNG
il and much desired to purchase her, that | How lovely, how lone the repose of the tomb! CHILD AS A SORT OF FLAG OF he might emancipate be
he might emancipate her, and marry her. Notempests are there—but the nightingales come TRUCE, AN APPEAL TO COM- He applied to the mi He applied to the mistress, who demanded And sing their sweet chorus of bliss.
PIRST VOICE MON HUMANITY, THINKING
| The ravens of night flap their wings o'er the THE DEVICE MIGHT SAVE HER fellow could not raise so much, even by LIFE! SHE WAS IMMEDIATELY selling all he had. The common price of 'Tis the vulture's abode'tis the wolf's dreary BROUGHT DOWN BY A SHOT; such a slave was then from
cave, 1001. to
Where they tear up the earth with their fangs. and it was boastingly declared that the 1301. currency, but this lady asked for
SECOND voice. aim had been so deliberately taken that
her 2001.! she was, therefore, neither There the coney at evening disports with his love, although the mother was killed on the
emancipated nor married; but she was Or rests on the sod, while the turtles above
adl Repose on the bough that o'erhangs. spot, her child was uninjured ! allowed to live on in the same wicked
FIRST VOICE. way; and all her children would, of There darkness and dampness with poisonous An African, who was carried off as a course, be born to perpetual slavery.
breath, slave from the banks of the Senegal, re
And loathsome decap fill the dwelling of death,
The trees are all barren and bare! turned from the Havannah to Goree, The Public Advertiser of Jamaica,
SECOND voice, after an absence of thirty years, with a dated April 22d, 1825, contains an ac- O soft are the breezes that play round the tomb, very numerous family of children and count of the trial of a man, indicied for And sweet with the violet's wafted perfume, grandchildren, daughters and sons-in-the wilful murder of a female slave. Laha..... mindor of a female slave
| With lilies and jessamine fair. law, all free. The patriarch of this fa appeared in evidence, that he was amus
The pilgrim who reaches this valley so drear, mily was very laborious and industrious ; | ing himself by discharging a loaded gun Would faiu hurry by, and with tremulous fear and by the earnings of additional lalour, through the window of his dwelling-house. Beholds the fond hopes which we sever. beyond that required of him, as a trades. After a while, he proposed to one of his man slave, he realised enough to purchase companions, firing it over an assemblage
The traveller, outworn with life's troubles and
toil, his freedom, according to the Spanish of Negroes, which being declined, he Lays down his rude staff-forsakes grief and custom. He also redeemed those of his pointed out a Negro of his own, and pro turmoil, family and connections who were in bon- posed firing at him. This being also
And sweetly reposes for ever. dage; and being desirous to finish his declined by his companion, he seized the days in the land of his fathers, and to gun, and discharged it. A female slave, Among the recent donations to King's College, bring his descendants with him, he reached who was sitting in the crowd, was shot : 1 we have been gratified to remark the valuable Goree with the whole, but there the and the melancholy event was soon an
Herbaria, collected by the late Dr. John Sims, younger branches stopt. The sons. who 1 nounced by the cries and lamentations of WOICA 15 containca 1. tout mandsome camers,
of and has been presented to the botanical department knew no other country but the Havannah, her mother. The jury who tried this in the museum by his liberal-minded relatives. and who were Spaniards in language, man brought in a verdict of manslaughter, The College has, we are informed, also been habits, and modes of living, refused to with a recommendation to mercy. He
enabled, through the liberality of one of its sup
porters, to make ibe acquisition of probably the pass from Goree into the interior.—(Anti-| was sentenced to twelve months' impri: inost complete collection of Parliamentary ReSlavery Magazine.) sonment.
cords in the United Kingdom.
TO PARLIAMENTARY CANDIDATES. I documents lately printed by order of the emotion of gratitude, the benevolence of Great
T -The Agency Anti-Slavery Committee are ready to receive the opinions of Parliamentary Candidates on | House of Commons, under the head of Britain, and that of the Canada Company, in af. the abolition of Colonial Slavery, before the 5th of
fording an asylum in the Wilberforce settlement, October when the schedules will be made up for the
| in Upper Canada, for our oppressed brethren of fourth number of « THE TOURIST," and the Provincial
the South, who have been, or may be forced, by papers. PaBy order of the Committee of the Agency Anti-Slavery |
Their unconstitutional laws, to leave their rightful
Fully to detail our views on this im- home and place of nativity, without any cause Society.
JOHN CRISP, Secretary. 18, Aldermanbury, Sept. 20
portant subject, and give but a small por- except of having a dark skin. 'Where may be bad the following short papers, tion of the information which we possess tablishment of a College, as recomme
“Resolved, That this meeting approvc the esat 4s. per 1000. No, I. « A few plain Questions to Plain Men."
on it, would occupy too much space, the Annual Convention held in Philadelphia last -2. « Common Sense against Colonial Logic." 3. “ Citizens and Fellow Countrymen."
and too much of our readers atten June, and that we give all possible aid to that 4. “ On Pledges from Parliamentary Candidates."
institution, “ Taxation in aid of Slavery the Worst of all tion. But we are so desirous of cor
| “Resolved, That we view the Liberator, edited tyranny."
recting the erroneous opinion which many by William Lloyd Garrison, as a great herald in 6. “ Why and Because applied to Negro Slavery." 7. “ £1,000,000 !!!--Electors of the United King well-disposed persons entertain respecting
the cause of liberty, and that we recommend to dom.” -8.“ A Scene in Real Life."
the coloured citizens of Trenton the utility of the Colonization Society, that we cannot
subscribing to the above named Paper well abstain from making the following "Resolved, That there be a Committee of three NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. extract from a little tract on the subject, appointed, to draft an address more expressive
of our views on the above subject. P. need not complain about the omission of his lately published by Nath. Paul, a man of|
" Resolved, That the following persons compose advertisement. We are obliged to him for the colour, agent for the Wilberforce Settle- | that Committee :--Sampson Peters, Robert offer, at the same time we wish it to be distinctly | ment, in Upper Canada, and who is now Thonias, George Cole. understood, that no favours from advertisers can
Lewis CORK, Chairman, in this country. This will give our be admitted into the pages of “THE TOURIST,"
ABNER H. FRANCIS, Secretary. unless they are of the most unerceptionable kind. |
readers the opinion of the people of. The following is the Address referred to in R. C. has our best thanks. We cordially accept his colour, as expressed by themselves. The | the above Resolutions : proposition, but hint to him at the same time to following is copied from the LIBERATOR
“We, the undersigned, in conformity to the shape his communication like a middy's dirk
above appointment, beg leave to present to the sharp and pointed.
newspaper, published at Boston, Decem public, in a calm, unprejudiced manner, our de. A Monthly Part, stitched in a Wrapper, price Bd. ber the 17th, 1831.
cided disapprobation of the American Coloniza. will be published on the 8th inst.
tion Society and its auxiliaries, in relation to We have to apologise to our readers for a stupid
"A VOICE FROM TRENTON!-At a respectable the people of colour in the United States. We and egregious error to which we gave publicity !
meeting of free people of colour in Trenton, are well convinced, from the mass that has been in our last number. We copied from a work called
convened in the Mount Zion Church, Nov. 30, written on the above subject by those who have the “ Doctor," an article on “ Irratibility,” |
| 1831, for the purpose of considering the subject preceded us, that it will be difficult to avoid rewhich recommended the reader to take ten drachms
of colonization on the coast of Africa-on motion, petition ; nevertheless, we hope to touch some of the tincture of forglove, &c. A single dose is
the Rev. Lewis Cork was called to the Chair, 1 points which have not been fairly understood by enough to destroy the life of any man. It should
and Abner H. Francis appointed Secretary. The that Society. They have supposed that our obonly have been ten drops at most. We will take
meeting was addressed by Messrs. Gardener andjections are to civilizing and evangelizing Africa ; care how we call in the aid of the “ Doctor"
Thompson, after which the following resolutions but we beg leave to say, that this is an error. again. were unanimously adopted :
We are well aware, that there is no surer way “Resolved, Inasmuch as we, free people of
to effect this great object than to plant among the colour, have done all that is in our power to con.
heathen, colonies consisting of Christian misTHE TOURIST. vince the white inhabitants of these United
sionaries. We wish, therefore, to be understood, States, that it is our wish to live peaceably with
that we highly approve of the evangelizing of MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1832. all men ; and inasmuch as our general demea
Africa, but disapprove of the present measures nour has been that of industry and sobriety,
of the American Colonization Society, if their A CORRESPONDENT expresses surprise at| notwithstanding there are some among us to the
motives have not been misrepresented by their a statement which he lately read in one
agents and others, in some previous addresses contrary, as well as among the whites; therefore, we do most solemnly declare, that the state
in this city and elsewhere. But, viewing them of the public papers, respecting the prements made to the contrary by the Rev. Mr.
as we now do, we must say that, in our opinion, sentation of a memorial to the Congress Crosby, in his late addresses in this city, and all
their false representation
genera I chaf the United States, from J. F. Buxton,
statements by petitioners to legislative bodies racter-their recommending our removal from Esq. M.P., Dr.Lushington, LL.D., M.P. the same nature, are a positive libel on our and by the Colonization Society, or anything of
our native land-their opposition to our having
| a part of the West appointed to us-their oband Zach. Macaulay, Esq. It is said this general character.
jections to our proposed college, aud of our march petition asked Congress to aid the Ame
to science-their false statements in relation to "Resolved, Whereas we have lived peaceably and quietly in these United States, of which we
the health of the colony at Liberia, with a variety rican Colonization Society, as an effecare natives, and have never been the cause of
of other subjects of the same nature-all lead to tual means of ultimately suppressing the any insurrection or tumultuous movements as a a
a conclusion, that it is our greatest foe. body, that we do view every measure taken by
"We would here ask the public a few ques. African Slave-trade, &c. Our corresany associated bodies to remove us to other
tions. First-Is the Gospel of Jesus Christ cal. pondent wishes to know if this statement climes, anti-christian and hostile to our peace,
culated to lead to insurrectionary measures? If is correct. We are not able ourselves to and a violation of the laws of humanity.
So, why then send it to the heathen? Secondinform him-perhaps some of our friends
“Resolved, That if, in the opinion of Govern.
What gentleman, who has set his slaves free, has
I been murdered by them for so doing? Third ment. our stay or liberty can no longer be granted can furnish us with a reply. We in the States in which we live, we see nothing
What have those States, who have washed their will, however, give our own sentiments contrary to the Constitution of these United
hands clean of the cursed stain of slavery, lost by States, or to Christianity, justice, reason, or of the Colonization Society. We con
it? What neighbourhood, where educationand gehumanity, in granting us a portion of the
neral information have been disseminated among sider the colonization Society as SO western territory, as a State, with the same
the people of colour, is the worse for it? far from being likely to aid in suppress. franchise as that of Pensylvania, New Jersey,
“In the close of our remarks, we would say,
that we do think that the subjects looked to by ing the Slave-trade, or in abolishing
or any other free State; for we challenge the 8 | Union to prove that, as free men, we have ever
the Colonization Society, to civilize Africa, are Slavery, that it is one of the most delu- given the least ground for the uncharitable cen
incompetent; for we do suppose, that men sesive and ingenious devices ever contrived sures that have been cast upon us.
lected for such an important enterprise, should to deceive the friends of the Negro, and
be men of deep and sound piety-men of regular "Resolved, That we view the American CoI lonization Society as the most inveterate foe both an
and industrious habits, of scientific knowledge will contribute, in the degree in which it to the free and slave man of colour; sorasmuch
and general experience; that such men can be operates, to continue the bondage of those as the agents thereof, and its members who have lo
obtained, we have no doubt; and if there cannot, petitioned the several legislatures, have unequiwho are already in Slavery, and greatly
| let us first prepare some in this countty. 'y, and really vocally declared its object, to wit, the extermi
SAMPSON PETERS, to promote the African Slave-trade. nation of the free people of colour from the
ROBERT THOMAS, Committee." Let those who have any doubt of the Union; and to effect this they have not failed to
GEORGE COLE, J tendency of settlements on the coast of
| slander our character, by representing us as a
vagrant race: and we do therefore disclaim all AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT INSTITUTION.Africa, in the present state of things, to union with the said Society, and once for all, de The Bishop of Bath and Wells, in a letter adencourage the Slave-trade, read a letter clare that we never will remove under their pa- dressed to H. F. Richardson, Esq. the Secretary, to the Committee of the London Anti
tronage; neither do we think it expedient to expresses himself thus:-"After an experience
emigrate anywhere, but to remain in the land of thirty years, I feel myself justified in assertSlavery Society, on the present state of and see the salvation of God. Nevertheless, if ing, that i know of few plans bo
fied to the African Slave-trade, particularly that any of our brethren should be compelled, or see promote the temporal, and at the same time, the which exists in the Colony of Sierra proper to emigrate, we would recommend to eternal happiness of the poor, than the giving to them Upper Canada or Mexico.
the labourer a small allotment of land, to be Leone; with copious extracts from the ' “Resolved, That we view, with the highest'cultivated at his leisure hours."
many splendid additions, called after him THE TOURIST'S PORTFOLIO.—No. 2.
Leicester Buildings. But the most memorable incident in the history of Kenilworth Castle, is the royal entertainment given by the aspiring Earl to his Queen.
On the departure of Elizabeth, the Earl of Leicester made Kenilworth his occasional residence, till his death in 1538, when he bequeathed it to his brother, Ambrose, Earl of Warwick, and after his death to his own son, Sir Robert Dudley; but, his legitimacy being questioned, Sir Robert quitted the kingdom in disgust; his castles and estates were seized by a decree of the court of StarChamber, and given to Henry, son of James I.
The castle on Henry's death went into the possession of his brother, Charles I., who granted it to Cary, Earl of Mon
mouth; but the downfall of this gigantic ST. ALBAN'S ABBEY.
structure was fast approaching. During This beautiful building, which claims | ness of its sculpture. The tombs of the the wars it was seized by Cromwell, and particular attention from its size, make, founder, Offa, and Humphrey, Duke of by him given to some of his officers. and antiquity, is constructed of Roman Gloucester, are shewn here, and not many These rapacious plunderers, who had no brick, to which age has given the appear. years ago, the leaden coffin containing sort of feeling for the beauteous and maance of stone. A stone screen, erected the body of the latter was opened, and jestic, soon reduced it to what it now is, before the communion table, in 1461, is the corpse found nearly entire.
a pile of ruins. "They drained the lake much admired for the richness and light
which once flowed over so many hundred acres, ravaged the woods, beat down the walls, dismounted the towers, choked up its fair walks, and rooted out its pleasant gardens; destroyed the park, and divided and appropriated the lands.
On the restoration of Charles II, the estate and ruins of the castle were granted to Lawrence, Viscount Hyde, of Kenilworth, second son of the celebrated Lord High Chancellor, created Baron of Kenilworth, and Earl of Rochester; and by the marriage of a female heiress descended from him, passed in 1752, into the possession of Thomas Villiers, Baron Hyde, son of the Earl of Jersey, who was advanced in 1776, to the dignity of the Earl of Clarendon ; in the possession of whose son it still remains.
SIR WALTER SCOTT. KENILWORTH CASTLE. The Castle of Kennilworth was his youngest son, Edmund, Earl of Lei. It was the constant wish of this extrafounded by Geoffrey de Clinton, in the cester, afterwards created Earl of Lan- ordinary man to die near the place of his reign of Henry I. In the reign of Henry
nativity, and the “ land of the mountain III. it was used as a prison, and in 1254, In 1286, at Kenilworth, it is and the flood" contains all that is left of the King, by letters patent, gave to said, that silks were worn for the first the author of Waverley. An accident Simon Montford, who had married time in England.
which occurred in his infancy deprived Eleanor the King's sister, the castle in In the reign of Edward II. the Castle him of the use of one leg; he was consetrust for life. Simon soon after joined came into the hands of the Crown, and quently much at home, and he acquired the rebellion against the King, and, to- the King intended to make it a place of from his grandfather, father, and several gether with his eldest son, was killed at retirement for himself; but in the rebel- old people in the neighbourhood, great the battle of Evesham, in 1265. His lion which soon followed, he was taken stores of information respecting the annals youngest son Simon, escaped, and with prisoner in Wales, and brought to Kenil- of his country, which added to his natural other fugitives took shelter in the Castle, worth.
turn for legendary lore, old tales, and old where they became regular banditti. During the civil wars between the ballads, superinduced that wonderful de
The King, determined to put an end houses of York and Lancaster, it was al- velopment of mind which has raised his to their excesses, marched an army ternately taken by the partizans of the name to the first rank among writers, and against them. Simon fled, and escaped white and red roses; and very long after given him a popularity never attained by to France, but his companions held out their termination, Queen Elizabeth be- any other author during his lifetime. In against a six months' siege. At length stowed it upon her heartless and ambi-stature, Sir Walter Scott was above the their provisions failed, a pestilence broke tious favourite, Dudley, Earl of Leicester. middle size; with the exception of his out, and the governor surrendered tha That wealthy nobleman spared no expense lameness, he was well-formed and of great castle to the King, who bestowed it upon in beautifying the castle, and in making / strength; he was fond of athletic exer