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A SKETCH OF THE RISE OF MUSEUMS. The term museum is derived from the skins of the hairy women whom he found must except that formed by Aristotle, at Greek name of the Muses, one of whose on the Gorgades Islands, and deposited the command of Alexander; as also a attributes was to preside over the polite them, as a memorial, in the temple of collection of natural curiosities formed by and useful arts ; it signifies, in the pre- Juno, where they continued till the de- the Emperor Augustus. The principal sent day, a building in wbich are depo-struction of the city. The monstrous cause of their being unable to form colsited specimens of every object, natural horns of the wild bulls, which had occa- lections, must have arisen partly from or artificial, that is in any degree curious, sioned so much devastation in Mace- their ignorance of the proper means of or which can tend to illustrate physical donia, were, by order of King Philip, preserving such bodies as soon spoil or science, and to improve art. A complete hung up in the temple of Hercules. The corrupt. They employed for that purmuseum should be an epitome of nature; crocodile, found in attempting to discover pose either salt, wax, or honey. it should contain collections of preserved the sources of the Nile, was preserved in There is no account of any collections beasts, birds, fishes, reptiles, and in fact the temple of Isis, at Cæsarea. A large during the middle ages, except in the a specimen of every creature that moves piece of the root of the cinnamon-tree treasuries of princes, where, besides artion our globe; herbariums containing dried was kept in a golden vessel in one of the cles of great value, curiosities of art, anspecimens of the vegetable kingdom, as temples at Rome, where it was examined tiquities, and relics, there were occasionalso specimens of minerals; it should be by Pliny. The skin of that monster which ally found scarce and singular foreign “ a representative assembly of all the the Roman army attacked and destroyed, animals, which were dried and preserved. classes and families of the world; it and which probably was a crocodile, was Such objects were to be seen in the old should also contain collections of ancient by Regulus sent to Rome, and hung up treasury at Vienna; and in that of St. records, medals, and coins, which attest | in one of the temples, where it remained Denis were exhibited the claw of a and explain laws and customs ; also till the time of the Numantine war. In griffin, sent by the King of Persia to paintings and statues, that, by imitating the temple of Juno, in the island of Charlemagne, the teeth of the hippoponature, seem to extend the limits of cre- Melita, there were a pair of elephant's tamus, and other things of the like kind. ation ;” as also every thing that can ex- teeth of extraordinary size. The head of In later times, we find menageries were hibit the manners and customs of men in the basilisk was exhibited in one of the established to add to the magnificence of distant ages and nations. In ancient temples of Diana; and the bones of that courts, and stuffed skins of rare animals times, the word museum had no such ex- sea-monster, probably a whale, to which were hung up as memorials of their having tended signification; it simply implied a | Andromeda was exposed, were preserved existed. Public libraries also were made building in which scientific men assem- at Joppa, and afterwards brought to receptacles for such natural curiosities as bled to discuss matters of science and Rome. Many other instances of this were from time to time presented to them. literature. Such appears to have been custom are given by Beckmann, from At a later period, collections of this kind the museum of Alexandria, a splendid whom we have gathered the foregoing, began to be formed by private persons. building, ornamented with porticos, gal- and many of the following, particulars. The object of them was rather to gratify leries, and large and spacious apart. In the course of time these natural curi- the sight than to improve the understandments; but it does not appear to have osities became so numerous as to form ing; and they contained more rarities of contained any thing like the collections large collections; and though it is certain art, valuable pieces of workmanship, and of our museums. It is rather to the tem- that all these articles were not properly antiquities, than productions of nature. ples of the ancients that we must look as kept there for the purpose to which our Private collections, however, appear for the first repositories of rare and curious collections of natural history were applied, the first time in the sixteenth century; things, as any rare production, or natural yet at the same time it must be allowed and there is no doubt that they were object extraordinary for size or beauty, that they might be of important use to formed by every learned man who at that was consecrated to the gods. When naturalists.

| period applied to the study of natural Hanno returned from his distant voyages, | The ancients appear to have had no history. About the same period, colleche brought with him to Carthage two private collections, though perhaps wetions began to be formed in England; but not till the seventeenth century did, they ought to be enabled to find at severe realities of observation to attach any the public derive any benefit from them, | home.

value to such wild theories. He advised his when Elias Ashmole left his valuable col- A taste for natural history has become

young friend, “ first to lay a solid foundation

for his views by actual observation, and then, lection of rarities, which he had in part more prevalent among all classes of soci

by ascending from these, to strive to reach the inherited from the Tradescants, to the ety, as may be collected from the support causes of things ;” and there is reason to think University of Oxford, upon the condition given to the Zoological Society and other that, by the aid of the whole Baconian philothat they erected a building to receive it, institutions of a similar nature. Our sophy, thus compressed by anticipation into a which they consented to, and commenced national museum has already felt the im single sentence, he abandoned for a while his it in the year 1679, and it was completed pulse given by the advancing knowledge

visionary inquiries. in 1683. It is known as the Ashmolean of the people. Let us hope that, in a few

In the year 1598, Kepler suffered persecu

tion for his religious principles, and was comMuseum. From that time to the present years, it may rival those of the continent;

pelled to quit Gratz; but, though he was it has been continually receiving addi- and then we shall doubtless adorn our

recalled by the States of Styria, he felt his tions. The collection of Martin Lister scientific annals with names as great as situation insecure, and accepted of a pressing was added to it, as also the manuscripts Buffon, Daubenton, Cuvier, and

uffon. Daubenton, Cuvier, and La- | invitation from Tycho to settle at Prague, and

La- | of Aubrey, Dugdale, and Wood, the col- | marck.

assist him in his calculations. Having arrived lections of natural history of Dr. Plott, The British Museum, which will soon

in Bohemia in 1600, he was introduced by his

friends to the Emperor Rodolph, from whom Edward Lloyd, and Borlare, the historian be one of the most splendid institutions of

he ever afterwards received the kindest attenof Cromwell. From a list of the curiosi- | our metropolis, contains under its roof | tion. On the death of Tycho in 1601, he was ties contained in this museum we select our national library, which is peculiarly appointed mathematician to the emperor, a the following:

rich in MSS.; a collection of Greek and situation in which he was continued during The skull of Oliver Cromwell, or a Roman sculptures; Egyptian antiquities the successive reigns of Matthias and Ferdifragment of mortality supposed to be and sculptures ; Terra Cottas and Roman

nand; but, what was of more importance to such; a jewel of gold, once belonging to antiquities; a splendid collection of coins

science, he was put in possession of the valua

ble collection of Tycho's observations. These King Alfred, found in 1639 in Newton and medals; a very fine collection of ob

observations were remarkably numerous; and, Park, a short distance northward of the prints and drawings; as also the collec

as the orbit of Mars was more oval than that Isle of Athelney, in Somersetshire, where tions of natural history, which are at pre of any of the other planets, they were peculiarly King Alfred found shelter when the Danes sent very incomplete. This museum has suitable for determining its real form. The had overrun the country. The jewel is now for a long time been accessible to the notions of harmony and symmetry in the conenamelled like an amulet, and in Saxon public on three days of every week; and

struction of the solar system, which had filled characters is circumscribed, “ Alfred or we are much gratified to learn that great

the mind of Kepler, necessarily led him to be

lieve that the planets revolved with a uniform dered me to be made.” A figure sitting, numbers have of late availed themselves

motion in circular orbits. So firm, indeed, crowned, appears on one side, probably of this privilege.

was this conviction, that he made numerous atAlfred himself, holding two lilies; on the

tempts to represent the observations of Tycho other is a rudely-engraved flower. This

by this hypothesis. The deviations were too relic was given to the University by Tho ANCIENT ASTRONOMERS. great to be ascribed to errors of observation; mas Palmer, Esq., of Fairfield, Somerset

and, in trying various other curves, he was led

NO. III. shire, in 1718. A head of the bird

to the discovery, that Mars revolved round the

sun in an elliptical orbit, in one of the foci of called a Dodo, the species of which is ex

JOHN KEPLER.

which the sun itself was placed. The same tinct. Dr. Shaw, the celebrated natural- JOHN KEPLER was born at Wiel, in Wirtem observations enabled him to determine the ist, discovered it in the museum, before berg. in 1571. He was educated for the dimensions of the planet's orbit; and, by comwhich he considered the accounts of this church, and discharged even some of the paring together the times in which Mars passed extraordinary bird to be fabulous. Be- clerical functions; but his devotion to science over different portions of its orbit, he found sides a good collection of objects of na

withdrew him from the study of theology. that they were to one another as the areas de. tural history, there are also many Egyp-|

Having received mathematical instruction from scribed by the lines drawn from the centre of tian antiquities and a few good pictures.

the celebrated Mæstlinus, he had made such the planet to the centre of the sun, or, in more

progress in the science that he was invited, in technical terms, that the radius vector describes IS pernaps, the earliest museum | 1594, to fill the mathematical chair of Gratz, equal areas in equal times. These two remarkformed in England, and probably coeval in Styria. Endowed with a fertile imagination, able discoveries, the first that were ever made with most of those on the continent; but his mind was ever intent upon subtle and in- | in physical astronomy, were extended to all they have left us far behind in the esta- | genious speculations. In the year 1996, he | the other planets of the system, and were comblishment of institutions for the advance- published his po

published his peculiar views in a work on the municated to the world in 1609, in his “Comment and fostering of the arts and

Harmonies and Analogies of Nature. In this mentaries on the Motions of the Planet Mars, sciences. Private individuals have gene

singular production, he attempts to solve what as deduced from the Observations of Tycho rally undertaken what could, perhaps, be

| he calls the great cosmographical mystery of Brale."

the admirable proportion of the planetary Although our author was conducted to these only fully accomplished by the state. Our orbits; and, by means of the six regular geo- | great laws by the patient examination of wellprincipal collections of natural history | metrical solids,* he endeavours to assign a established facts, his imagination was erer have been chiefly formed by the exertions reason why there are six planets, and why the hurrying him among the wilds of conjecture, and at the expense of private individuals;

dimensions of their orbits, and the time of Convinced that the mean distances of the and, until within a very short period, our

their periodical revolutions, were such as Co-planets from the sun bore to one another some national collection was little better than a

pernicus had found them. If a cube, for ex- mysterious relation, he not only compared

We better than a ample, were inserted in a sphere, of which them with the regular geometrical solids, but national disgrace. No country in the Saturn's orbit was one of the great circles, it also with the intervals of musical tones : an world has such opportunities of rendering would, he supposed, touch by its six planes the idea which the ancient Pythagoreans had sugher collections in natural history the most lesser sphere of Jupiter; and, in like manner, | gested, and which had been adopted by Archiperfect of any. The power of England he proposes to determine, by the aid of the medes himself. All these comparisons were extends to the two hemispheres; her colo other geometrical solids, the magnitude of the fruitless; and Kepler was about to abandon nies are to be found in every part of the

spheres of the other planets. A copy of this an enquiry of about seventeen years' duration,

work was presented by its author to Tycho when, on the 8th March, 1618, he conceived habitable globe; yet, with the greatest Brahe, who had been too long versed in the the idea of comparing the powers of the difmeans, her museums are found to be the

ferent members which express the planetary most defective, to such a degree that our

distances, in place of the numbers themselves. writers on natural history are necessitated

• The cube, the sphere, the tetrahedron, the He compared the squares and the cubes of the to go to Paris for that inforniation which hedron. octohedron, the dodecahedron, and the icosa

distances with the same powers of the periodic | times; nay, he tried even the squares of the

times with the cubes of the distances; but his

TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST. press some disapprobation of the Attorney Genehurry and impatience led him into an error of

ral's mode of proceeding. calculation, and he rejected this law as having

Dear Sir,

“Sir,' replied Mr. Lee, “I am His Majesty's

Attorney General, and will conduct the cause in no existence in nature ! On the 15th May, You will oblige myself, and a numerous

such manner as pleases myself. I will suffer no his mind again reverted to the same notion, circle of friends, as well as promote one prin

man to interfere in my duties, and beg I may not and, upon making the calculations anew, and cipal object of your publication, by inserting

be interrupted.' free from error, he discovered the great law, the following account of the trial of James

“ The Hon. President afterwards, referring to that the squares of the periodic times of any Gilchrist, Esq., for refusing to furnish the

the question which had been put by the Attorney two planets are to one another as the cubes of slaves under his charge with the legal allow

General, asked, whether there was any proof that their distances from the sun. Enchanted with ance of food and clothing. The record of this the crops had been appropriated to the payment of this unexpected result, he could scarcely trust trial is instructive. It discloses a fact which provisions previously bought, and to the purchase his calculations; and, to use his own language, colonial writers boldly deny, and proves the of further supplies as they were wanted. Answer, he at first believed that he was dreaming, and utter hopelessness of effectual protection to the They have been used for the purposes of carrying had taken for granted the very truth of which slaves from the island authorities. The account on the estate. he was in search. This brilliant discovery was is extracted from The Antigua Weekly Register

“The Hon. President then expressed his sur. published in 1619, in his “Harmony of the of October 9, 1832.

prise, that the Town Agent had not been brought World,” a work dedicated to James VI. of

forward to prove the application of the produce. Yours truly,

“The Jury retired about 5 o'clock in the evenScotland. Thus were established what have December 28, 1832. Thomas Price. ling, and on

|ing, and on the re-assembling of the Court at 12 been called the three laws of Kepler--the mo

" James Gilchrist, Esq. was indicted, for refution of the planets in elliptical orbits—the pro

| o'clock to-day (Thursday), returned their verdict,

Guilty. portionality between the areas described and sing and neglecting to supply the slaves of Rich

“Úpon the verdict being read by the Clerk of their times of description--and the relations mond Estate, belonging to Will. Daxwell, Esq.,

the Crown, of which he is Attorney, with a sufficient quantity between the squares of the periodic times and

"The Solicitor General moved an arrest of judg. of clothing and animal food, (salt fish, &c.), as the cubes of the distances.

ment. He went over the same ground which he provided by the 1st and 7th clauses of the MelioThe relation of the movements of the pla

| had previously traversed before the Jury, namely nets to the sun, as the general centre of all " Besides, Mr. Scotland, the Magistrate, to

the impossibility of Mr. Gilchrist's complying with

the requisitions of the law, from the smallness of their orbits, could not fail to suggest to Kepler whom the complaint of the slaves of Richmond

the crops, and the heavy incumbrances, with which that some power resided in that luminary by was referred by the Governor, and whose testimony was very short, and merely introductory, the only

the estate was burdened ; and repeated all his which these various motions were produced;

former arguments. and he went so far as to conjecture, that this evidence, bearing upon the merits of the case was

“The Attorney General protested against the power diminishes as the square of the distance given by Mr. C. Sutherland, manager of the estate

motion, and informed the Court, that Judgment of the body on which it was exerted; but he imfor four years up to the 14th of last May, and Mr.

could only be arrested for error apparent on the mediately rejects this law, and prefers that of W. E. Ledeatt, who succeeded him on the 22nd of

face of the indictment; and the Jury having prothe same month. the simple distances. In his work on Mars,

nounced a verdict of Guilty, the Court had no

" The testimonies of these gentlemen, supported he speaks of gravity as a mutual and corporeal

discretion, but must pass judgment. by the plantation journals, furnished proofs, which affection between similar bodies. He main

“Mr. Otto Baijer, and others remarked, that could not be refuted or resisted, that the complaints tained that the tides were occasioned by the

as there was no legal gentleman on the bench, and of the slaves were too well founded. Indeed, Mr. moon's attraction, and that the irregularities of

the Attorney and Solicitor General were opposed Gilchrist's counsel very properly admitted the de

to each other, the Court was involved in great. the lunar motions, as detected by Tycho, were ficiency of provisions and clothiag to the full ex.

difficulty. owing to the joint actions of the sun and the tent charged.

"Mr. Scotland, the only professional gentleman earth; but the relation between gravity, as

"It appeared that from the 29th of April, 1831, exhibited on the earth's service, and as conwhen the defendant succeeded to the Acting At

present, besides His Majesty's Officials, rose, and

offered to submit his opinion to the Court, if it met ducting the planets in their orbits, required torneyship, on the decease of his elder brother,

with their approbation. None of the Justices, more patience of thought than he could com

| Mr. William Gilchrist, no clothing of any kind
had been distributed to the negroes, up to the

| however, expressed any wish to that effect.
mand, and was accordingly left for the exer-
middle of last month, September. -Mr. Sutherland

“The opinions of the Members were then taken eise of higher powers.

Seriatim. said, that about three weeks previous to the death The misery in which Kepler lived forms a

For the motion of the Solicitor General, of the above gentleman, osnaburgs were given out painful contrast with the services which he

Hon. S, O. BAIJER, Hon. T. F. NIBBS, to the people, in the proportion of six yards to the performed to science.

J. BLACK, Esq.

B. E. JARVIS. The pension on which great gang, and five to the weeding gang : but

Against the motion, he subsisted was always in arrears; and, that was the arrear, due on the preceding Christ

Hon. R. W. NANTON, though the three emperors, whose reigns he mas.

- M. H. DANIELL, President." adorned, directed their ministers to be more

o With respect to salt provisions, they had been " This extraordinary Judgment of the Court, punctual in its payment, the disobedience of withheld for forty weeks, out of seventy-three, that

| nullifying the solemn verdict of a Jury, has excited their commands was a source of continued | is, in the period between the 29th of April 1831,

very general astonishment, and no small ferment vexation to Kepler. When he retired to Sagan, and the middle of September last. The admitted

among the inhabitants." in Silesia, to spend in retirement the remainder

number of negroes is 310.

“The defence resorted to by the Hon. Solicitor of his days, his pecuniary difficulties became

The remarks of the Editor on this extraorstill more harassing. Necessity at last comGilchrist's directorship of the property. That, how

| dinary proceeding are entitled to grave conpelled him to apply personally for the arrears

sideration. We shall extract a portion of ever, was completely established. He then pleaded which were due; and he accordingly set out, the impossibility of procuring the necessary arti

them. in 1630, for Ratisbon; but, in consequence of cles, sometimes by a failure of them in the market.

The case of the King V. JAMES GILCHRIST, the great fatigue which so long a journey on It was proved, however, that when they could be horseback produced, he was seized with a purchased, no former deficiencies, or arrears, were | edly one of the most extraordinary acts of malfever, which carried him off on the 30th No

ever paid up. But he relied principally upon the treatment of Slaves-of deliberate infraction of vember, 1630, in the fifty-ninth year of his

want of means, and bad credit of the property, the law-and of fool-hardy perseverance in wrong age.--Brewster's Life of Sir Isaac Newton.

which rendered it absolutely impossible for his doing that has ever occurred within our recollection client to obtain the supplies required by the Act. l in this island. Here is a case, then, which must In proof of Mr. Gilchrist's disposition to provide | bring the judicial authorities, and of course the

clothing, he was about to read a letter from that | Planters, both good and bad, for unfortunately MELANCHOLY.

gentleman to another in England concerned in the they cannot be separated,) before the tribunal of

estate, when the Hon. Attorney General rose and public opinion in England ; and it would be diffiGo-you may call it madness, folly ;

objected, until he should be explicitly informed

he should be explicitly informed cult to guess where the subject will end, or to You shall not chase my gloom away. whether any produce had been shipped, instead of

what extent the cause of emancipation will be There's such a charm in melancholy, being appropriated to the support and supplies of

promoted by a question which carries its own I would not, if I could be gay. the negroes? This interrogation created some

proofs upon the very face of it. confusion and hesitation ; but at last it was replied, .“ The defendant in this case is an elderly genOh! if you knew the pensive pleasure

that the sugar had been applied to the payment of tleman of the old school of colonial policy, and it That fills my bosom when I sigh, incumbrances.

is perhaps less fortunate for the reputation of the You would not rob me of a treasure

“A conversation of some length then took place, colony than from any other consideration, that he Monarchs are too poor to buy!

in which several of the court engaged, particularly has been always moving in the highest circles, that

Messrs. 'Otto Baijer, and Ledeatt, at the close of he is a Magistrate, and what is more, that he has, S. ROGERS. which, the latter gentleman was understood to ex. ' for many years, been one of our Grand Jurors.

General

treatment of a most extraord: page, is undoubt

eets of life

Christmas Clock had

little gift preelder sister little store alydor!

“ of the Judges who acquitted the defendant, an owner cannot feed the slave neither ought he to | Published at the Office of the Tourist, 21, Ivy-lane, Paia three were planters, his acquaintance, and inte- demand his services.

noster Row; sold also by Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper,

and all other Bookseller:. rested in rescuing him; and the fourth was their “We must do the Attorney General the justice to crony. On the motion being made for an arrest of say, that he used the best exertions in support of

SLAVERY. indument, it was emphatically demanded of the the prosecution, notwithstanding his being an old in a few days will be published, in one 8vo. volume, Attorney General by the Honourable Samuel acquaintance of the defendant; and when, after closely printed, price 8s., The Report from the Select Cou

mittee of the House of Commons, on the Extinction of Otto Baijer, whether the law gave the Court the the motion for the arrest of judgment was granted,

Slavery throughont the British Dominions; with a Copios power to entertain the motion? The answer was, the learned gentleman took up his hat, and was

Iudex. Witnesses exainined: W. Taylor, Esq., Rev. Joka No;" and the learned gentleman then added, retiring with evident dissatisfaction, he was stop

tiring with evident dissatisfaction, he was stop- | Burry, Rev. Peter Duncan, Rev. Thomas Cooper, Rer. that the only alternative for the defendant to adopt ped by the court to know whether they should John Thorp, Rev. W. Knibb, Hon. C. Fleming, Captain

C. H. Williams, W. Alers Hankey, Esq., J. D. P. Ogder. would be, after the pronouncing of judgment, to discharge the prisoner, he replied hastily that they

Esq., R. Scott, Esq., J. Simpson, Esq., W. Shand, By. appeal to the seat of mercy for a remission of the / had already pronounced an acquittal, and that he Rev. J. Shipman, Rev. R. Yonng, Rev. J.T. Barrett, w penalty.

(the learned gentleman) had nothing more to do Burge, Esq., M.P., J. B. Wildman, Esq., and others. “ of the Petit Jurors, who tried the case, ele- with the matter. The whole concern ended in a. Also, Full Report of the Discussion in the Assembly

Rooms, at Bath, on the 15th of December, between the ven were white persons, and some of them planters, mockery of the King's justice and authority, and

Rev. W. Knibb, and Mr. Borthwick, in which the aese who might be supposed to have an extra feeling it would have been quite as well if the piece had

sations of the letter gentleman against the Baptist Missionfor the defendant, and yet they convicted him been acted in our theatre, by Mr. Southwell's ex- aries in Jamaica are fulfy refuted. Price 61. after a patient and mature consideration of the cellent company of performers." facts and the law.

CHRISTMAS GIFT. “ Here is a capital handle for Mr. Buxton and

Near a clear stream, that flow'd within a wood. the abolitionists. What stronger proofs do they

APHORISMS.

With ivy deck'd, an ample cottage stood,

From storms protected by the clustering trees, require for urging the extinction of slavery than

That with their leafy shelter check'd the breeze the facts now produced,-namely, a planter omit. God never wrought miracles to convince athe

Aud fapn'd the curling smoke: here was a spot, ting, for a considerable time, to give his slaves ism

ism, because his ordinary works convince it.-
her

Where nature's bounties had adorn'd the coi.

Virtue estranged from grief and strife the allowance prescribed by the local laws, and the L. a the LORD BACON.

The happier shares of the sweets of life! very expounders of those laws-the Judges of the

The misfortunes which arise from the concur The true-going clock had chimed the hour of ten Courts in the colony--agreeing to divest the slaves

On Christmas eve; Ellen rose then, rence of unhappy incidents should never be suf.

To welcome home the friends she lov'd most dearof their just rights, by setting aside the verdict of fered to disturb us before they happen ; because,

Brothers and sisters, who always proy'd sincere ; a Jury, nullifying a statute law, for the protection if the breast be once laid open to the dread of the Return'd from school, they all embrac'd each other, of the rights of those slaves, and suffering a public mere possibilities of misery, life must be given a

Affection's clasp held sister, father, mother:

Who, for this happiness quite elate, delinquent to escape with impunity. Will it now prey to dismal solicitude, and quiet must be lost

Bless'd the Great Being-God of state! be contended that the slaves ought not to have a for ever.-DR. JOHNSON.

Each their little gift prepared, to prove protector employed by his Majesty's Government,

If the existence of war always implies injustice, Who most deserv'd an elder sister's love. and uninfluenced by colonial prejudice ? or will it

Pair Elen smil'd; she view'd the little store, in one at least of the parties concerned, it is also

Whose greatest treasure was- Rowland's Kalydor! be said that the appointment of English Judges is the fruitful parent of crimes. It reverses, with

Which, to preserve the skin from harm, not vitally necessary to protect the strong against

respect to its objects, all the rules of morality. It In England is the only balın. the weak, and to mete out a fair measure of jus. is nothing less than a temporary repeal of the

One trial given-Beauty shall succeed,

And ROWLAND prove himself a friend in need! tice to every man? And while we are upon the principles of virtue. It is a system out of which

V. V subject of the administration of justice, let us look

almost all the virtues are excluded, and in which back to the case of John Grant, the Attorney and nearly all the vices are incorporated. — ROBERT | For FENDERS, FIRE-IRONS, KNIVES, &c. Manager of Russell's estate. On the 14ih ofiho, HALL

TAMILIES FURNISHING may effect an March last, that gentleman appeared before Jus-1 Happiness and comfort stream immediately I immense SAVING, by making their purchases, for tices Black, Barnard, and Briggs, upon a charge from God himself. as light issues from the sun. | ready money, at of depriving the slaves of their allowance for

RIP PON'S OLD ESTABLISHED CHEAP FURand sometimes looks and darts itself into the

NISHING IRONMONGERY WAREHOUSE. ONE week, and the complaint being fully proved, meanest corners, while it forbears to visit the

63, Castle-street East, Oxford Market, he was compelled to pay the penalty of 10s. per largest and the noblest rooms.-DR. Soutil.

(At the corner of Castle-street and Wells-street, head for every omission, amounting to £77 los.

where every article sold is warranted good, and exchanged

if not approved of. agreeably to the very act under which Mr. Gilchrist was tried and convicted.

Tea Urn, 30s.; Plated Candlesticks, with Silver Bount In the recent trial NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS.

ings, 12s. per pair: Ivory-handled oval-rimmed Talk the charge was also fully proved, and the defend. Communications have been received from Mr. Knives and Forks, 40s. the set of 50 pieces; Fashionable ant sinned not for one week, but for many months, | Philipps, A Subscriber, and R. S.

Iron Fenders-Black, 18s. Bronzed, 21s. ; Brass Fenders,

105.; Green Fenders, with brass tops, 25.; Fire Irons, 28. and yet he escaped. It will be observed that we give James Rees much credit for his verses,

per set; Polished Steel Fire Irons, 4s. 60. per set; Brass Justice Black, who convicted John Grant, is the but we think them hardly suited to our publication. Fire Furniture, 5s, 60. per set: Block-tin Dish Covers, same Justice Black, who released James Gil. On what authority does the anecdote of our Con | 8s. Od. per set; Copper Tea Kettles, to hold one gallon, christ. Is it not then a scandal upon the country start Readerrest?

| 78.; Bottle Jacks, 8s. Gd. ; Copper Warming Pans, 6:

Brass Candlesticks, Is. 40. per pair: Britannia-metal Tea that justice should be administered in such a In answer to the communication of E, the Editor

| Pots, Is. 40. each; Japanned Tea Trays, Is.; Waiters. manner? And who, after this, may not stint their begs to say, that though he felt it due to N. to insert 25., Bread Trays, 3d. ; Japanned Chamber Candlesticks, slaves of their allowance with impunity? Is the his animadversion, and to himself to offer a few re

with Snuffers and Extinguisher, 61.; Snuffers and Tray,

60.; Black-handled Steel Table Knives and Forks, 2s precedent not established by judges of the land, marks in reply to it; yet being resolved, as far as

.

the half-dozen; Copper Coal-scoops, 10s.; a newly inthat they shall go free? Truly, this is an alarm- possible, to close the columns of the Tourist against vented Utensil for cooking Potatoes, superior to those ing state of things, and the sooner we have the

such controversy, he confined himself strictly to the boiled, steamed, or roasted, price 58., 6s., and 78.; Copper alteration in our judicial system the better, for remarks of his Correspondent, without entering upon

Iron, and Tin Saucepans and Stewpans, together with

every article in the above line, cheaper than any other many very weighty reasons.

the general question. He hopes this will be deemed | House in London. "Much has been said and written about the sufficient to justify him in declining to insert E.'s

For Ready Money only. sleek, fat, well-fed slaves' of these colonies, as a leiter, which is quite of a general character, and set-off to what has been frequently reported to the would necessarily elicit another reply.

CAUTION TO THE PUCLIC. contrary on the opposite side of the question

We received ihe verses alluded to by A. S. B., but M ORISON'S UNIVERSAL MEDICINES But what will Master M'Queen and his tribe say we think they are not quite suited to the Tourist.

I having superseded the use of almost all the Patert to this case? Will he carry it to England, and

Medicines, which the wholesale venders have foisted upon

the credulity of the searchers after health, for so many lay it before the Committee of the House of Com

years, the town druggists and chemists, not able to establish mons, in his examination as the Delegate of the DATENT BRANDY.-Declaration.-I, a fair fame on the invention of any plausible means of Island of St. Kitt's ?-an appointment recently

I HENRY BRETT, of 109, Drury Lane, Wine and competition, have plunged into the mean expedient of puit

Spirit Merchant, do solemnly affirm and declare, that I do agitated in their House of Assembly. Or will he

Jing up a “Dr. Morrison" (observe the subterfuge of the not, and will not, in any case, practise deleterious adulte double r'), a being who never existed, as prescribing a make it the subject of an epistle to his dear friend ration; that I invariably vend the genuine PATENT“ Vegetable Universal Pill, No. 1 and 2," for the express the Duke of Wellington ? Ah, Jamie, Jamie ! FRENCH DISTILLED BRANDY, so highly recom- purpose (by means of this forged imposition upon the pas the Anti-Colonists have caught you for once, at

mended by the faculty, and pronounced the “ only known lic), of deteriorating the estimation of the “UNIVERSAL

pure spirit in the world," precisely as I receive it from the MEDICINES" of the “ BRITISH COLLEGE OF least, without your breeches, and though you run

distillery; that my consumption of that article, in the or. | HEALTH." no risk of a castigation such as Mannix gave to

ve to dinary course of trade, during the last four months, consi KNOW ALI MEN, then, that this attempted delasion Charles, yet you may expect an unmerciful and derably exceeded 3,000 gallons; that counterfeits abound in must fall under the fact, that (however specious the pre

every direction; but that in fact no other establishment in tence), none can be held genuine by the College but twee deserved birching from the Aldermanbury folks. Drury-lane has ever been supplied by the patentee.

which have “Morison's 'niversal Medicines impressed " One thing has been voluntarily admitted by

Price, as at the distillery, 18s. per imperial gallon, re upon the Government Stamp attached to each box sad the Counsel for the defendant, which is, that the tailed at 23.31. per pint, and in sealed bottles, 3s.6d, each. packet, to counterfeit which is felony by the laws of the plantation of Mr. Maxwell is without credit, and Sample hampers of half a dozen of wine, 17s. ; of half a land.

dozen of spirits, 17s. 6d., package included. Conditions: has not the ability to maintain its population.

Cash on delivery of goods in London or the suburbs. Es Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published This being the case, it will afford another admir changed if disapproved of; forfeited if inferior to sample.

by J. Crisp, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Conntry postage payable by purchasers.

HENRY BRETT, 109, Drury-lane. subject of emancipation, on the ground that, where

N.B. 109.

Row, where all Advertisements and CommuniNov. 30. 1932.

1 cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

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A PABLE FOR JUVENILE READERS. | animals, and especially man himself, to enable any passenger approaches, greets him with its By Tuomas PRINGLE, Esq.

it to attain its object. This is a fact long ago peculiar cry of Cherr-a-cherr! cherr-a-cherr! If he

established on the authority of Sparrman, Vaillant, shows any disposition to attend to its call, it flies [The honey-bird, or bee-cuckoo (Cuculus India | and other scientific travellers in Southern Africa ; on before him, in short fights, from tree to tree, cator), a bird somewhat larger than the common and, in Father Lobo's Travels in Abyssinia, a till it leads him to the spot where it knows a bee

s extraor similar account is given of the Moroc, a bird found hive to be concealed. It then sits still and silent dinary faculty of discovering the hives or nests of in that country, of precisely the same habits, and till he has extracted the honeycomb, of which it the wild bees, which in that country are constructed apparently of ihe same family with the Cuculus expects a portion as its share of the spoil; and this either in hollow trees, in crevices of the rocks, or Indicator of the Cape of Good Hope.

share the natives who profit by its guidance in holes in the ground. This bird is extremely With the habits of this curious bird I was never fail to leave it. fond of honey, and of the bee's eggs, or larvæ ; myself acquainted during my residence in the Sparrman states that the ralel, or honey-badger but as it cannot, without assistance, obtain access interior of the Cape colony, and have often par- | (gulo mellivorus), avails itself of the help of this to the bee-hives, nature has supplied it with the taken of wild honey procured by its aid. It bird to discover the retreat of those bees that build singular instinct of calling to its aid certain other usually sits on a tree by the way side, and, when their nests in the ground, and shares with it thie

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