Page images
PDF
EPUB

A FEW DISJOINTED FACTS grilled rat; nay, even cats are by them es- with a whip and switches of bamboo, is their

teemed delicacies. I can't speak as to cats; stern conductress. CONNECTED WITH

but many a time and oft, while “ grieving"* | Frequently have I pitied the poor things, to SLAVERY IN JAMAICA, (Scottice) the gang, during operations in the see their little bodies in one universal tremor BY CHARLES JOHNSTON,

mountains, have I seen a spitful of rats roast- of fear, casting their glances askance to assure

ing on the same fire that my own dinner was themselves that the "schoolmistress" was at a Late Book-keeper, Llandovery Estate, St. Ann's, cooking upon. I recollect one of these poor respectful distance. The happy hours of childJamaica.

creatures (who, were he to appear before a hood in free countries, alas! are never enjored The writer of the following paper,

British public with the detail of his woes, by them. Their little hearts are saddened and

would strike compassion into all hearts, saving | grieved: night may bring temporary relief, but though not a full year in Jamaica, had

that of a slave-holder), coming to me one day, they are awakened in the morning, by the ample opportunities, from the situation

with a very piteous expression of countenance: thundering of the driver's whip, to the stern which he occupied, of observing the "Ah, massa !" says he, “me caught tree realities of their bitter lot. In tears and disevery-day details of slavery. He has rats, and cat nyam (eat) all but one head." tress they resume their labours. Some, not so returned to this country with a deep Thus, this poor fellow might perhaps be starv- fortunate as their fellows, may have indulged abhorrence of the system, and is pre-ing for days to come after this incident; per- in a longer sleep; but woe to them when ther pared to depose on oath to the truth of haps had been so days previous. The head of arrive at the scene of operations!--their treat.

a rat is but a poor mouthful, I should think, ment is cruel. The old dame begins the drama the following statements, and to many

to a hungry man. They never taste butcher's by abusing them soundly with her screechicg other facts of a similar character, which

meat, unless in circumstances such as I now tongue, that, shrilly as the peacock's, forebodes have come under his own observation. proceed to narrate. I having bad the super- the storm. She orders the trembling little cnl

We hear a great deal stated in this country intendence of some hundred cattle, one of | prit to be seized by its companions, and inabout the comforts enjoyed by the slave popu

them, by accident, had its leg broke, and, upon stantly belabours it with blows till its flesh lation in the colonies-comforts which are informing the overseer, f was desired to see it quivers with pain.' No wonde roundly asserted by some far to surpass those

killed, but to take care that no negro should negroes should sometimes be cruel (although of our labouring population. I deny, without

have a single morsel of its flesh. Such were this is very rare), when their best feelings are any hesitation, this libel upon truth. Are the my orders, and of course I was obliged to act seared from their infancy; and, therefore, what pensantry of our beloved country driven to the up to the letter, or turn" walking-buckra," | goodness of heart and feeling they do nossas field as so many cattle, and treated as such? which would

euch ? | which would have broken my heart, I dare in spite of obstacles, they have not to thank Are their dearest ties and sympathies torn | say, and been produ

say, and been productive of no good to the their task-masters for it. But it is well known asunder and broken? Are their sportive chil-slaves.

slaves. Well; the animal was skinned and cut that it is the interest of the writes thus to dedren struck and flogred. in presence of their | in quarters, and buried three or four feet deep | grade their minds. Let but the schoolmaster be parents, with impunity ? Are their wives and in a funghill. The overseer and book-keeper | abroad in Jamaica, and slas

and in a dunghill. The overseer and book-keeper abroad in Jamaica, and slavery is no more Kindred sold to different individuals, and se- | never dreamt of its being disturbed. Judge | thing of other days. But I have not done with parated by hundreds of miles? Are their what must have been the surprise of the for- | punishments. One little girl the

punishments. One little girl there was on daughters forced to yield to the base devices of mer, when, the next morning, as he was taking our estate who was fiogged and abused in a depraved men? Do their fathers encourage it his ride, on passing a watchman's hut, he ob cruel manner, almost daily. Her life was, infor gain? Do they toil night and day, and yet

served a large piece of the animal hung up as deed, a routine of wretchedness and misery. rest not? But I shall not stretch the glaring

a prize—a great prize-by its occupant. The She was actually quite lame from the effects of dissimilitude of their condition further. They

poor fellow was, of course, severely flogged, the lash, and frequently have I seen her rolling are not so comfortably situated as our labour and the piece again buried, he being left to on the road, feigning sickness, to escape the ers, and never can be so as long as they continue | the solitary “enjoymentof his woes.

daily punishment in store for her, well knowing slares. And I trust that the details I now

that I would pass that way. But what could I

Situation of the aged Slaves. proceed to enter upon may go far to prove the

do? Little, indeed; however willing and le

The grass-cutters are a set of miserable oldnient I endeavoured at all times to be. truth of this proposition. I must be generally

Those women, with a male driver at their head, who who know any thing of the life of a bookunderstood as speaking of what came under

are engaged in cutting grass with a reaping- keeper know full well that he must obev, or my own immediate notice : where this is not

hook, to serve as fodder for the cattle and I decamp from the estate. the case, I have uniformly said so. The estate

horses. Numbers of them are quite bent on which I was placed was possessed of nearly

The slaves are given to understand that they down with age and infirmities, and their feet may have redress from the attorney, at his pefour hundred slaves and three hundred work

are frequently swelled to an enormous size, by riodical visits to the estate, provided they can ing cattle, and made, yearly, tive hundred

the effects of some disease. Nevertheless, prove they have been ill-used. But how is the hogsheads of sugar, and fifty puncheons of

they are flogged as often as the others : and boon (if such it may be calledl) rendered nugarum. So now for facts.

here it may be as well stated that, from the tory! The watchmen's huts are in general misera

A mulatto slave, who had received child of five years of age to the old man or some unkind treatment from the overseer, on ble abodes of wretchedness. They are built

woman of seventy, there is no distinction---the threatening to complain to the attorney, was of bamboos, and thatched with the branches of

whip keeps them all in terrorent, and its effects laid down by that i dignitary," with her face the cocoa-nut and under-wood. Within is ge

| descend with the crippled and broken-liearted to the earth, and received the usual panacea nerally a bench of boards, covered with mat

negro to the only place where his sorrows are of thirty-nine stripes. Here is one instance of ting, where reposes the aged African, to seek, in slumber, some alleviation of his woes. There

at an end-to'the grave. Yes; to a feeling the many abuses of the system--a system is no chimney whatever in the hut; a fire of

lieart a negro's fumeral calls to mind all that which, from beginning to end, is one lie! burning embers is collected on the floor, around

he has suffered on this earth, where he has I have scen the old man of seventy flogged,

been degraded in the scale of existence, and which may be seen lying his terrier dogs, his

the infant of five years flogged, the slender s ranked with the brutes that perish. But, as- youth, and he in pride of manhood, the young assistants in destroying the rats which infest

suredly as there is a God in heaven, these woman, just budding into life, and she who the cane-pieces; suspended from the roof, or arranged on the shelf of his humble abode, are wrongs shall be avenged!

had reared a large family--pay, I have seen the calebashres, which serve him for culinary

Punishments.

her who was with child Aogged, CRUELLY utensils; a piece of a herring, far gone in decay,

flogged, because the orerseer, forsooth, did not

I shall begin with the children, who constiin one corner; a little sugar, or decayed, magoly | tute the first step of the ladder of West India

| beliere that she was in that state, which, of all rice, in another. Happy, indeed! Can hap

others, demands the kindest treatment. In slavery. piness be conected with such assured wretch

short, “there is nothing under heaven to be

The children are made to work at the early eness? NO! Their food is utterly insulli- | age of five years; they are cither sent to ga- the islands of the west”

compared to the foul deels daily witnessed in. cient to support their toil-worn fraines. The ther sour orarges for the hogs, or hoes are put herrings they receive are actually putrified, of into their hands, and they assist in clearing

Those islands fir, the consistence of soap, and these, along with and weeding the canes, or in putting the over

That lie like jewels on the Indian deep." cocoes, a very indigestible esculent root-these seer's garden in order. An old daine, armed

Surely such a fair portion of this lower world are their richest fare-so rich, that a beggar in

was and is destined to be the theatre of higher Sentkind would consider himself insulted by The office of an overseer during harvest in deeds than those of the paltry and cowardly the proffer of them. They vary this sort of Scotland, singularly expressive as applied to Jatyranny of white oppressors, and persecuted ineal, occasionally, by the dainty morsel of a maica.

| black slaves. Yes, the fag of liberty will get

[ocr errors]

wave over that lovely country, and the sound | THE CONVERSION OF MONSIEUR DE 1 preliminary discourse of a translation of the of the jubilee music shall be answered in a LA HARPE. A FRENCH INFIDEL Psalter, the first work in which the author anvoice of thunder from the cannon, which will,

PHILOSOPHER.

nounced his conversion. doubtless, re-echo the joyful news throughout

This conversion was attended by all the every valley and ravine-O felicem diem!

Some of our readers may recollect, in marks of a sincere conviction. The manuBut I must still stand by facts. I have seen

| our last number, a curious manuscript,

sprint script notes of M. De la Harpe afforded an the overseer, during the infliction of punishfound among the posthumous papers of

additional proof of it. “I was in prison," ment, at the steps of his house, coolly reading

says he," and all alone, in a state of profound an island newspaper, while his victim would | De la Harpe, containing, among other

sorrow; but many days did not pass before I be all the time writhing in agony shocking to things, a prophecy respecting the future found that the study of the Psalms and the behold, imploring him to be merciful, but in history of the philosopher. Some anxiety gospels had produced a strong though gradual vain; the only answer would be a volley of may be felt to know how the prediction effect upon my mind. I was already numoaths, and reiterated threats to the driver, that of his conversion to Christianity at that bered among the faithful. I beheld a new he would have him in his eye if he did not use time so improbable, received its fulfil

light; but it alarmed and terrified me, by dishis whip better. On some estates it is quite

covering the abyss, an abyss of forty years -common to flog the hot-house negroes because ment, and that information is supplied in

of error. I beheld the evil, but could not disthey are sick ; such is fact. It is nonsense to the following narrative :

cern the remedy. There was no one to afford talk of redress to the slave as long as the ma- Every person who has paid the least attenchinery of slavery is held together. The over- tion to French literature, knows that there was fore me, represented to me by the light which seer and book-keeper may flog, and strike, and a society of men of letters, who held regular beamed from the torch of celestial truth. On kick, with impunity; the slave must submit meetings, in order to canvass the best mode of the other, I looked on death, that death which in sullen silence. It is almost a pity, one directing their attacks against Christianity. would say, that he did so.

Diderot was the patron of these atheists; The priest no longer appeared on the scaffold The flogging and striking is not always con

D'Alembert, Condorcet, and many others, to console the dying victim: he ascended it fined to the fleshy parts of the back, although were members of this society. But none was rather to die himself there. Oppressed by that is generally the part; and, indeed, is so more conspicuous than M. De la Harpe. He those desolating ideas, my heart sunk within always when the full quantum of punishment was the favourite of Voltaire, repeatedly visited me; and, addressing myself with a smothered is given. I have seen the drivers striking with him, and resided with him at Verney: acted voice to the God whom I liad scarcely known, bamboos on the nose and neck, or even on the on his theatre ; dedicated his first play to him: 'What ought I to do? and I, what will be my breasts of female slaves. I should not have and, in return, Voltaire revised his produc. lot?' Upon the table lay Thomas à'Kempis. dwelt on this last, but I have occasionally seen tions, recommended him to official patronage, / I had already been assured of the excellence girls so used. The fleshy parts of the back are secured a party to his favour, and in short ex of his work, of the comfort I should derive generally quite ploughed in furrows by the erted all his interest to render him popular. from it, and of the power it possessed to soothe whip; it produces almost the same effect as if | De la Harpe, treading in the footsteps of my desponding thoughts. I, therefore, opened one was to take a knife and cut the part in his master, promoted the French revolution to the book as accident directed, and my eyes scores—so well is the whip used. It is a tre- | his utmost." The ever-shifting government offell upon these words: Behold, I am here, mendous length, and the driver makes it ring | France, during many a turbulent scene. was my son ; I come to you because you have round his head; every crack went like steel to sometimes friendly, sometimes inimical. called me. I read no more; the instantamy heart. I was actually astonished and literature and literati. By one of these tem- | neous effect who

neous effect which I experienced is beyond alarmed when I first saw its infliction, how a porary presidencies M. De la Harne was are all expression, and I am as unable to describe single white could actually use such power in

rested, and shut up in the Luxemburg. The | as to forget it. I fell with my face on the

rested, and shut up in the Luxemburg. Th the teeth of hundreds of slaves. After the

greater number of those with whom he had earth, and bathed in tears, while my words flesh is so cut and torn, rum and salt pickle

been particularly connected had already suf- and cries were half uttered, from the violence are rubbed upon the wounds; and then what

e wounas; and then what | fered on the scaffold, and the same fate ap- of my sobbings. At the same time, I found pain does he suffer! Some may not believe

Some may not believe peared to be reserved for him. At the mo- my heart expanding and relieved; but, at the this; I am ready to swear to the truth of it in ment when he was consigned to a prison. the very same moment, as if it were ready to split. the face of any assemblage in the country. I l opinions of those modern philosoph once heard a "learned disquisition” amongst whom he had associated were not effaced from but that I wept long; and, beyond all come the book-keepers, whether rum or salt pickle his mind; and, although he abominated their parison, my heart never experienced such viowas the best adapted to agonize the slave, effects, the principles themselves had not alto lent and delicious emotions, and these words, and, I think, they came to a conclusion that gether lost their influence.

Behold, I am here, my son!' did not cease both might be best. I may add, that these

In this comfortless situation, M. De la to resound, as it were, through my soul, and severe and unremitted punishments are fre

Harpe had the happiness to find a fellow-pri- / to arouse all the faculties of it." quently inflicted, and that for what any rea

soner whose piety afforded him the means of M. De la Harpe considered it as a duty to sonable, humane person would deem very

consolation, and by whom it was recommended proclaim in public those truths which he had trifling faults-for being behind the rest of to employ himself in studving the p.

being behind the rest of | to employ himself in studying the Psalms of formerly been so unfortunate as to oppose, and the gang a few minutes-for having allowed David. Which M. De la Harpehad never it was with this view that he resumed the chair any of the cattle to escape into the bush, which looked into but as containing some poetical of the Lyceum. The effect produced by him in many parts of the thickly-wooded country beauties, and even of these he did not retain at the first sitting will never be forgotten. The cannot possibly be avoided — for returning

the least remembrance. His new friend, how-orator, in a speech full of energy and pathos, words to the driver-and, in short, for many

ever, fearing lest he might alarm the philoso- gave a picture of the national manners, pointed offences far more trivial. Not unfrequently

pher by such a proposition, urged this employ-out their causes, and inspired the crowded the white despot may have been crossed in his

| ment rather as a means of amusiug his anxious | audience with those sentiments of indignation amours, and his black rival undergoes the uours, an INIS Diack rival undergoes the mind, and therefore requested him to write a | which he hiinsell tell.

which he himself felt. The noble and pathe

The movie and pain punishment which ought to have been inflict

lict-mere literary commentary on these sublime tic delivery of M. De la Harpe gave great ed on himself. Slavery demoralizes and blunts very demoralizes and blunts productions.

weight to the principles he maintained; and the feelings of all who come in contact with

M. De la Harpe, charmed with an occupa- it was remarked, with truth, that his eloquence

llegal | tion which was so congenial to his taste and became more perfect when it was altogether gains. On my arrival in the island I lodged inclination, entered at once upon this work. At ) consecrated to the support of such a cause. in the house of a free black woman, in Fal- |

he very commencement he was convinced that it was to be expected that his zeal would mouth, who actually had her own brother and the Psalms contained poetical beauties of a very

attract, as it afterwards did, the spirit of pertwo sisters for slaves. She frequently applied

superior character; and, as he proceeded, this secution, and he was twice proscribed. An the bamboos herself, or else superintended the opinion was proportionally heightened. The order was issued to get poss

order was issued to get possession of him, operation. I have heard her say, “ Now, mind

perusal of other pious works strengthened the alive or dead; but he continued to pursue his what you be about; you will catch something lorowing inclination, and he at length disco- | labours with an undisturbed you don't like, else.” And this lady seemed | vered the real source of this consolation, and defence to think that there was nothing wrong in the that help to which the wretched never apply

ered the real source of this consolation, and defence of religion then occupied his mind. matter. She undoubtedly was of opinion that in vain." This commentary, which was at first ten ont

le | that help to which the wretched never apply / Without consulting the authors who had writ,

vain. This commentary, which was at first ten on the same subject, he confined himself the system“ worked well."

undertaken with the warmth of gratitude, and to the meditation of the sacred writings, and (To be Continued.)

continued with the zeal of piety, became the drew from that only source the arguments

ce

which he opposed to the philosophers. He

APHORISMS.

in as much larger a degree to any other ani. possessed an advantage unknown to his prede

mal, as he is superior to any in his intellectual cessors. Connected as he had long been with

exertions and universal capacity. - Sharon the infidel writers, he was well acquainted If a tyrant is brought to this pass, as to feel the

Turner's Sacred History of the World. with the strong and the weak parts of their reflection of his tyranny over others, in that which

his own jealousy exercises upon himself; and if doctrines, and, to use his own words, he had

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. his own thoughts plot and conspire against him ; | passed almost the whole of his life in the

Communications have been received from T. P, R., his very diadem is but a splendid mockery, his T. M. N., J. F. G., and Anonymous. enemy's camp

throne a rack, and all his royalty nothing else but Our thanks are due to ourConstantly-entertained All the activity of his mind was exerted in

a great and magnificent misery-Dr. South. Reader.the sacred cause to which he had devoted |

The best part of beauty is that which a picture We are sorry we cannot insert the Fragment" himself; nor did the continual danger to which | cannot express.-LORD Bacon.

of W. R. he was exposed interrupt the tranquillity of The garlands gained by the heroes of literature his mind. He has often said that this period must be gathered from summits equally difficult to

CHRISTMAS GIFT. of persecution was the happiest of his life. climb with those that bear the civic or triumphal Near a clear stream, that flow'd within a wood

With ivy deck'd, an ample cottage stood, His intimate friends had frequently seen him, wreaths ; they must be worn with equal envy, and

Froin storms protected by the clustering trees, when he thought himself unobserved by them, guarded with equal care from those hands that are

That with their leafy shelter check'd the breeze always employed in efforts to tear them away: the And fann'd the curling smoke: here was a spot. prostrate on the earth, as it were, before God, only remaining hope is, that their verdure is more

Where nature's bounties had adorn'd the cot. and displaying a sense of the most lively and | lasting, and that ihey are less likely to fade by

Virtue estranged from grief and strife sincere repentance. His health was, however,

The happier shares of the sweets of life! time, or less obnoxious to the blasts of accident. The true-going clock had chimed the hour of ten materially affected by his confinement; and, Dr. Johnson.

On Christinas eve; Ellen rose then, after his return to public notice, he gradually

That which is not for the interest of the whole

To welcome home the friends she lov'd most dear

Brothers and sisters, who always prov'd sincere ; sunk under a complication of disorders. He hive, cannot be so for any single bee.--MARCUS Return'd from school, they all embrac'd each other, preserved his presence of mind to the last; and, AURELIUS.

Affection's clasp held sister, father, mother; when his enfeebled eyes could not bear the Children lament their parents, sincerely indeed,

Who, for this happiness quite elate,

Bless'd the Great Being-God of state ! light from amidst the curtains which were but with that moderate and tranquil sorrow which

Each their little gift prepared, to prove drawn around him, from the glooin of this it is natural for those to feel who are conscious of Who most desery'd an elder sister's love.

Fair Elen smil'd; she view'd the little store, retaining many tender ties, many animating prosanticipated tomb he continued to converse with his friends on the comforts he experipects.

Whose greatest treasure was-Rowland's Kalydor! Parents mourn for their children with the

Which, to preserve the skin froin harm, enced from religion, on the errors of his life,

bitterness of despair: the aged parent, the widowed In England is the only balın.

mother, loses, when she is deprived of her children, One trial given-Beanty shall succeed, and on the mercy of his God. He died Februevery thing but the capacity of suffering; her

And ROWLAND prove himself a friend in need ! ary 11th, 1803, aged 64.

M. M. heart, withered and desolate, admits no other ob.

ject, cherishes no other hope. ROBERT Hall. PATENT BRANDY.-Declaration.-I, GRATITUDE IN A SLAVE.

1 HENRY BRETT, of 109, Drury Lane, Wine and

Spirit Merchant, do solemnly affirm and declare, that I do A LADY residing at the Mauritius, many

NOTHING MADE IN VAIN. not, and will not, in any case, practise deleterions adulteyears ago, emancipated a slave, whose good

ration: that I invariably vend the genuine PATENT conduct and fidelity she wished to reward: The Creator has made nothing that is un. FRENCH DISTILLED BRANDY, so highly recom

mended by the faculty, and pronounced the "only known being in affluent circumstances, she gave him, useful-nothing so insulated as to have no

pure spirit in the world, precisely as I receive it from the with his freedom, a sum of money which en relations with any thing else—nothing which distillery; that my consumption of that article, in the orabled him to establish himself in business; is not serviceable or instrumental to other pur

dinary course of trade, during the last four months, consi

derably exceeded 3,000 gallons; that counterfeits abound in and, being very industrious and thrifty, he

every direction; but that in fact no other establishment in soon became rich enough to purchase a small is not to be applicable or convertible to the

Drury-lane has ever been supplied by the patentee.

Price, as at the distillery, 183. per imperial gallon, reestate in the country, whither he retired with benefit of His sentient creatures, in some

tailed at 23. 3d. per pint, and in sealed bottles, 38, 6d. each. his family. Years passed away, and, whilst respect or other. The mineral has a connexion Sample bampers of half a dozen of wine, 178.; of half a he was rapidly accumulating money, his for- of this sort with both the vegetable and ani

dozen of spirit, 178. 6d., package included. Conditions:

Cash on delivery of goods in London or the suburbs. Ex mer mistress was sinking into poverty : mis

changed if disapproved of; forfeited if inferior to sample. fortune had overtaken her, and she found her- | same principle has been pursued throughout Country postage payable by purchasers.

HENRY BŘETT, 109, Drury-lane. N.B. 109, self, in old age, poor, solitary, neglected, and the animated classes of nature. No one species

| Nov. 30, 1932. in want of the common necessaries of life. of living being has been formed only for itself, This man heard of her unhappy condition, or can subsist in absolute uselessness to others. WOR the CURE of COUGHS, COLDS. and immediately came to the town and sought This is one grand purpose for causing so many

I ASTHMAS, SHORTNESS of BREATH,&c. &c.WALTER'

SANISEED PILLS.-The numerous and her out in her humble abode. With the ut races of animal beings to subsist on each respectable Testimonials daily received of the extraordimost respect he expressed his concern at find other. By this system, each enjoys the gift of nary efficacy of the above Pills, in curing the most dis

tressing and long-established diseases of the pulmonary and ing his honoured lady in so reduced a state, life, and each is made to contribute, by the

respiratory organs, induce the Proprietor to recommend and implored her to come to his estate, and | termination of that gift, to the well-being of them to the notice of those afflicted with the above comallow him the gratification of providing for her others. Fishes are thus useful to each other,

plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now stood

the test of experience for several years cannot be too genefuture comforts.

to many birds, to some animals, and to man. rally known. They are composed entirely of balsamic The lady was much affected at the feeling Birds have their period of happiness for them

and vegetable ingredients, and are so speedy in their beneselves, and are serviceable to others of their evinced by her old servant, but declined his

ficial effects, that in ordinary cases a few doses have been

found sufficient; and, unlike most Congh Medicines, they offer. He could not, however, be prevailed on kind, and to man, and to some quadrupeds, neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor produce

any of the unpleasant sensations so frequently complained in their mode of death, instead of mouldering to relinquish his design : “My good mistress," |

of. The following cases are submitted to the Public from said he,“ oblige me by accepting my services; through corruption into their material dissolu

many in the Proprietor's possession :-K. Boke, of Globewhen you were rich you were kind to me; you tion. Quadrupeds have the same double use lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent cough,

attended with hoarseness, which rendered his speech inaugave me freedom and money, with which, in their existence : their own enjoyment, and

dible, by taking three or four doses. E. Booley, of Queenthrough God's blessing, I have been enabled the benefit, at their death, to those of their street, Spitalfields, after taking a few doses, was entirely to make myself comfortable in life; and now own order, and to the birds and reptiles,

cared of a most inveterate cough, which he had had for

many months, and tried almost every thing withont suc. I only do my duty in asking you to share my worms and insects, that have been appointed cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Shar. prosperity when you are in need." His urgent to derive nutrition from their substance. All wood, No. 55, Bishopsgate Without, in boxes, at 18. 14d.

and three in one for 2s. Od.; and by appointment, by Hanentreaties at length prevailed, and the lady the kingdoms of nature have been likewise so

nay and Co., No. 63, Oxford-street: Green, No. 42, Whitewas conveyed, in his palanquin, to the comr constructed as to be beneficial to the human chapel-road; Prout, No. 226, Strand; Sharp, Cross-street, fortable and well-furnished apartments assign- race, not as nutriment only, but in the thou

Islington; Pink, No. 65, High-street, Borough; Allison,

No. 130, Brick-lane, Bethnal.green; Farrar, Upton-place, ed to her by his grateful care. His wife and sand conveniences to which they are converti

Commercial-road; Hendebourck, 326, Holborn; and by daughters received her with the utmost respect, ble. The amphibious order of nature is no all the wholesale and retail Medicine Venders in the United

Kingdom.-N.B. In consequence of the increased demand and always showed, by their conduct, that they exception to these general results. Its various

for this excellent Medicine, the Public are cautioned considered themselves her servants. Deserted genera contribute their proportion to the com against Counterfeits-none can be genuine unless signed by by those who had been her equals in station, mon stock of mutual utilities. They have

I A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter

on the ontside wrapper.-Be sure to ask for Walter's and who had professed themselves her friends their own gratification from their personal ex Aniseed Pills." whilst she was in affluence, this good lady | istence; they contribute by their substance to passed the remainder of her days in comfort the maintenance of others of their fellow-crea- Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published and ease, amid those who had once been her tures; and some of their genera serve to mul

tures; alla soine of their genera serve to mul- 1 by J. CRISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternostet dependants. Recollections of the Mauritius, tiply the conveniences and pleasures of man. | Row, where all Advertisements and Communiby a Lady.

| He derives advantages from all that exists, cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

OR,

Sketch Book of the Times.

“ UTILE Dulci.”-Horace.

YOL. I.-No. 18.-SUPPLEMENT. MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1832.

Price One Penny.

[merged small][graphic][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][subsumed][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

It has been observed of our architec-1 Wren carried modern ecclesiastical archi- | to a church, we see in the magnificen ture, that “we were admirable Goths, tecture to its very highest perfection in steeples of St. Bride's and Bow, but they and we have never become good Gre- this country; and since his time, with but are not fixed in the roof, but rise in air cians.” This remark is especially correct few exceptions, it has been gradually de- their majesty from a sufficient tower and if we apply it to the greater number of clining, as too many of the incongruous base from the ground. One of the largest our modern churches, in the building of superstructures of the present day will and most expensive of the new churches which a pedantic imitation of the temples testify. Since custom requires the ap- is that of St. Pancras, built at the cost of Greece and Rome has been attempted, pendage of a steeple to all parish churches, of seventy thousand pounds; yet, alwithout much regard to situation or pro- our architecture should be accommodated though it is imitated from some of the priety, heathen symbols adorning Chris- to our wants. A spire being of Gothic purest remains of Athenian architecture, tian temples, with towers and spires origin, it requires much talent to make it from want of originality of design, it sitting astride upon Grecian pediments, harmonize with a Greek portico; it is, must be considered as a splendid failure. or rising from a root which appears | perhaps, therefore, the most difficult thing It is imitated from the temple of Erecscarcely able to bear the superincumbent to design in modern architecture; yet theus, from the Pandrosium, and from the weight. Our immortal Sir Christopher 'that it can be made a beautiful addition 'Temple of the Winds.

W

Perhaps the finest specimen of the A FEW DISJOINTED FACTS have frequently seen some of the negroes anadaptation of Grecian architecture to a

CONNECTED WITH

swer for perhaps a friend or brother, that he modern church is that of St. Sulpice, at

might be saved from punishment. This is

SLAVERY IN JAMAICA, Paris, which has been erected at various

sometimes done effectually, without detection, BY CHARLES JOHNSTON,

when the gang is engaged trashing a large times and by various hands. It was com

Late Book-keeper, Llandovery Estate, St. Ann's, cane piece, so that the absentee may arrive menced, in 1646, from the designs of

Jamaica.

just in time, before he is actually missed. Louis Levau, Anne of Austria, regent of

(Continued from page 142.)

In trashing a cane piece—that is, stripping the kingdom, laying the first stone on the Often have I, on returning from the field in off the withered leaves of the cane, prior to its 20th of February ; in 1678 the erection the evening, the most enchanting scenery | being cut down for the mill—the gang are was suspended. for want of money, until | opening on all sides to my view, and the kept at their work by the book-keeper and 1718, when it was continued under the horizon bespangled with all the gorgeous dis- | drivers continually moving along the line. direction of Gille Marie Oppenord, an

play of a Jamaica sun-set, when my wayward This labour might appear, at first sight, or to

musings, perhaps of the happy home I had a casual observer, as very light, and easily architect who had obtained great reputa

left, would be interrupted by the heart-rend- | gone through; but such is not at all the case. tion, although little deserving of it, his

ing screams of agony from a distant estate Through a large cane-piece the cooling breeze designs being in the worst style of the borne on the breeze. Oh! would any feeling | cannot penetrate, from the impervious nature time of Louis XV. It was reserved for person live in such a country, where, instead of the canes themselves, inclining in all directhe Chevalier Servandorie to raise the of the faithful barking of the watch-dog, their tions, covered with leaves; and this, along majestic façade, of which a representation ears are shocked by the cries of the oppressed, with the continued stooping of the body re

quired in the operation, is very galling, and is given above.

the deeply-injured slave! It is at once airy and

generally sickening to both blacks and whites. grand, consisting of two tiers of columns : Hours of Labour (crop time).

In digging cane-holes, the labour is uncumthe lower of the Doric order, which are! From June to August I conceive the general monly severe, and, as must always happen, the forty-three feet high, and five feet and a labouring hours * to be from five in the morn- stronger negroes soon outstrip their weaker half in diameter : the upper of the lonic / ing till sunset, with only half an hour to break- | fellows, who are lashed on against the strength order, with two lofty towers, rising from

fast, and an hour to dinner, with no other rest of their bodies. In all operations connected each end to the height of 222 feet from

whatever during the day. They are goaded with the agriculture of Jamaica, wretched as

on by the sovereign remedy-the universal to detail it is, the whole management is the the basement. The whole length of this

specific—the whip. They are only allowed same. The drivers flog, and swear, and splendid front is about 416 feet, in one water during work ; or, if digging cane-holes threaten; and the book-keeper performs rigidunbroken line, strongly exhibiting the (out of crop), sugar and water is allowed, but ly his part of the drama, which is that of a bold conception of the architect, it being no rum, or any thing else whatever. During spy on the drivers and slaves. Having mythen regarded as the height of talent to crop-time, the negroes have to take their turn self had the misfortune to fill such a situation, overload with ornament, and fritter away

in the boiling-house every other night, with I can compare it to nothing else. The driver

i perhaps a few days' delay at a time. Thus a has all immediate power in the field ; the the simplicity of horizontal lines by all

slave is engaged all day in cutting canes, and book-keeper has none. This of course is worse kinds of unmeaning and fanciful projec

has then, at sunset, to trudge away to the for the slaves; for the driver, well knowing tions.

boiling-house, and stand behind the coppers | what awaits his remissness, flogs in great The towers are the united productions all the weary night. Another part of the gang

all the weary night. Another part of the gang style, shouting as he proceeds, “Buckra work of Maclaurin and Chalgrin, who deviated keep up the fires without; others, again, are -buckra work!" which has a wonderful effect from the original design of Servandorie. carrying canes to the mill; and the women in stimulating the muscles of the slaves. which, it appears, had but little to com| are either doing this last work, or carrying

Slaves engaged within doors. away the trash (bruised canes) to the yard, mend it. The south tower still remains

On the estate where I was placed, and, where they are spread out and dried in the sun. in an unaccountably and disgracefully They are allowed no rum to support them

indeed, I believe on all sugar estates, besides unfinished state. The interior of this while standing at the coppers. Those in the

the field negroes, there was a gang of carpenchurch is scarcely less imposing than its boiling-house may, indeed, sip a little of the

ters, of coopers, and of masons, with two exterior. It was completed in 1745, and liquid sugar with impunity; but even this

blacksmiths. The carpenters were no mean

workmen, and some of their light fancy artiwas then dedicated. It is the largest shabby pittance is refused to those engaged in parish church in Paris, its length being the yard—they are not allowed a pan-full in

cles would do no discredit to a cabinet-maker

in this country. the morning when they leave off work. Those about 360 feet, and its height 107 feet.

It was astonishing to witness who have never kept a “night-spell," as it is

their skill in the mechanism of their different The high altar is extremely beautiful. termed, can have but a faint idea of the real

operations, and their exceeding neatness of It is situated between the nave and the slavery of those negroes employed at the cop

handicraft. Both carpenters and coopers, and choir, is finely ornamented, and has much pers, compelled to stand at their post, exposed

of course the smith also, worked under shade; grandeur of effect. Behind the choir, in to the volumes of suffocating vapours continu

and, even in this respect, they were greatly ally ascending, and which completely envewhich are some good pictures by Vanloo,

better off than their less fortunate fellows, who

had to toil beneath a burning sun; and beis the Chapel of the Virgin, profusely lope their sable bodies, struggling to oppose

sides, they had no whip suspended over their decorated with gilding and painting.

the inroads of somnolency which continually It threaten them so much, that I have frequently

heads (although liable to its infliction as well is illuminated by a concealed window, seen them tumble over with the ladle in their

as others), but merely a head man to direct producing a most pleasing effect. In a hand. In the midst of all their hardships,

their operations. They seemed to consider recess above the altar is a fine piece of and this is a glaring one, these poor creatures

themselves as superior to the other slaves; sculpture of the Virgin and infant Christ yet find time for a harmless joke-the real

and, when their workshops were closed after

crop-time, they shouldered their hoes with the in white marble: they are represented goodness of their nature shining forth in the

greatest reluctance as they hied away to the with a large globe at their feet, upon midst of every misery.

field. which lies, slightly coiled, the “bruised”

Labour in the Field.

The masons were chiefly employed in keepor dead serpent. In the transepts is On arriving at the field in the morning, the ing the fences in repair, or in building what fraced a meridian at the extremity of list of the gang is called by the book-keeper, in Scotland would be termed “dry-stane which is an astronomical pillar. The

or rather read in hearing of the black driver. | dykes.” When superintended by a white

As each name is read, it is loudly called by person, they build very substantial houses, as two fonts within the entrance of the

the driver; and, if no answer, he is set down the different public and private erections church are rather curious, being tormed as absent, and may be punished by the driver, I throughout the colony (built of course by variof the shells of one of the largest Tri- when he does arrive, on the spot, or by order ous gangs) sufficiently testify. The courtdachna gigas (giant chama) known. It of the overseer when he comes to the field. houses at Falmouth and Puerto Maria would was presented by the Venetian republic

stand comparison with many in Scotland; to Francis 1.

and the “great houses” of the proprietors and This can be well ascertained by sun-rise and attorneys are no less distinguished for the sun-set at this period of the year.

beauty and elegance of their structure. None

T. 1

« PreviousContinue »