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ELECTRICAL EEL.

causes. No difference whatever could be dis- | respect paid to her remains, must have been a Those of our readers who are acquainted covered between them and the animals of the cat of consequence at “Thebes, three thousand with the history of the Royal Society, or have same race at the present time. Dr. Scouller years ago,” differs in no respect from humbler read the interesting papers recorded in its Phi- opened up and examined one of the mummies, cats of modern days, who never raise emotions losophical Transactions, will recollect the

and, under his direction, the skeleton has been of awe in loftier breasts than those of mice and

very curious and valuable experiments made by very successfully set up. Puss, who, from the sparrows.--Edinburgh Chronicle. Mr. Walsh, in the year 1772, on the Torpedo, or cramp fish (Raia Torpedo), by which he ascertained, not only that the effects produced hy its touch were electric in their origin and character, but also that the will of the animal commands the electric powers of its body. Those also who have read, are not likely ever to forget, the learned, instructive, and elegant discourse addressed to the Royal Society in 1774, by Sir J. Pringle, then its president, on delivering to Mr. Walsh the Copleyan gold medal for his ingenious paper. Although it is our object, in this paragraph, to present to our readers an account of a most singular fact shich has recently taken place, we would observe, in passing, that the discourse we have referred to was printed, with five others, in 1783, under the title of “ Six Discourses, delivered by Sir John Pringle, Bart., when President of the Royal Society ; on occasion of six annual assignments of Sir Godfrey Copley's medal;" and that, if they happen to meet with the volume, the purchase and perusal of it will highly gratify their taste for scientific research and elegant composition. Never since we first read these admirable discourses, nearly thirty years ago, have we forgotten the

GREENWICH HOSPITAL. relish which they then produced, or failed to renew it on every fresh perusal.

Tinis very interesting and valuable in- Queen Mary's. King Charles's and Other kinds of fish have been found to pos-stitution was founded by King William Queen Anne's are those next the river : sess similar properties, in some respects, to the torpedo ; but none of them in so remarkable a and Queen Mary, at the suggestion, it is between them is the grand square, 270 degree as the Gymnotus Electricus, or Elec- said, of the latter. The building was com- feet wide ; in the centre of which is a trical Eel. A specimen of this fish has lately menced at an earlier period by Charles fine statue of George the Second, carved been examined by the Parisian savans. The the Second, and intended for a palace, out of a single block of white marble, greatest number were satisfied with a single in place of the old one, on the site of by Rysbrack; and, in front of them, touch, and consequent shock; but one doctor, which it stood. One wing of it, only, by the river side, is a terrrace, 865 feet either urged by a greater zeal for science, or governed by a more insatiable curiosity, re

was completed, in which the king occa- in length. To the south-west of the solved to try the utmost extent of the animal's sionally resided, and no further progress square stands King William's building, powers, and seized it with both his hands ; but was made in it until after the Revolu- which contains the celebrated hall, had quickly reason to repent his temerity'; for tion, when a project was formed for pro- painted by Sir James Thornhill. This ne immediately felt a rapidly-repeated series of viding an asylum for seamen, disabled artist commenced his undertaking in the most violent and successively-increasing by age, or maimed in the service of their 1708, and completed it in 1727 ; thus shocks, which forced him to leap about in a country. Various places were recom- leaving an almost unrivalled monument most extraordinary manner, and to utter the mended as the site of this building; but of his taste and skill.

On the ceiling most piercing screams, from the agony that he felt. "He then fell into convulsions, in conse- the advice of Sir Christopher Wren was are portraits of the royal founders, quence of which his muscles became violently adopted, who proposed that the unfinished William and Mary, surrounded by the contracted, as, from some strange property in the palace at Greenwich should be appro- cardinal virtues, the four seasons of the fish, it became impossible to detach the animal priated to this use, and enlarged suffici- year, the English rivers, the four elefrom his grasp. In this situation he remained ently. Accordingly, in 1694, the King ments, the arts and sciences relating to a considerable time, and, in all probability, and Queen granted this palace, with navigation, and other emblematical fiwould have expired under the agony of his other buildings and land adjoining, for gures ; among which are introduced porsuggested the plunging of the hands in water, that purpose, and the sum of £2000, traits of Flamstead, the Astronomer when the eel'immediately dropped off. The yearly, for carrying this noble work into Royal, and others. doctor has since been dangerously ill. effect.

We have not room to enter more parSir Christopher Wren was appointed ticularly into a description of Greenwich

the architect, and for several years con- Hospital; but it is one of the most interANDERSONIAN MUSEUM. tributed his time, labour, and skill to the esting and useful institutions which our Amongst the Egyptian antiquities preserved work, without any remuneration. The country can boast; and whether we in the Andersonian Museum were two num- foundation of the first new building was regard the benevolence of its design, mies of the cat, which animal was held sacred laid on the 3rd of June, 1696, from the magnificence of its structure, the by the ancient Egyptians, along with the ox which time it has been gradually en- extent of its resources, or the excellence and ibis. From the extreme antiquity of the larged and improved, until it has at- of its economy, it is every way worthy specimens of these animals, it became a ques- tained its present degree of splendour and of a great, a generous, and a Christian tion of some interest to ascertain their identity magnificence.

people, and admirably calculated, by exwith recent and existing species. This investigation was undertaken by Cuvier, with a view

Greenwich Hospital now consists of hibiting the gratitude and respect of the to refute the hypothesis of La Mare, of the four distinct piles of building, distin- nation to its gallant naval defenders, to transmutation of animals in the process of guished by the names of King Charles's, stimulate succeeding generations to rival time, and from the influence of external Queen Anne's, King William's, and their exploits and participate their glory.

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ANECDOTE OF NAPOLEON, convinced that it was so. The viands were

A GRECIAN LEGEND, excellent, the wines exquisite, the table co- There lay a ship of Egypt homeward borne, 1 NAPOLEON, sitting one day surrounded by vered with an abundance of massy silver plate; Where Achelous, from embowering woods, his friends, related the following anecdote, in short, the young traveller was obliged men- Pours forth in splendour, and the Ionian wave which, he said, will do wonders as a lesson, if tally to admit

, that he had never partaken of Plays dimpling round the green Echinades. it is but listened to, and remembered. “There more delicate fare, or seen a greater display of Calm slept the silent gusts, and heavily lived once, at Marseilles, a rich merchant, magnificence; and he was more than ever con

Her sails hung cloud-like from the unbending mast; who received one morning, through the hands founded upon ascertaining, from one of the And motionless, above the level waste,

Rose, twined with dragon wreaths, her brazen prow. of a young man, a letter, strongly recommend persons near him, that the banker gave a ing the bearer to his notice; the young man similar entertainment once or twice a week. Night, with its stars, had faded, and from far

The low sweet sound of wakened birds was heard was of good fortune, and wanted only an in- While coffee was serving he ruminated on all From fragrant forests, where the unfolding rose troduction into society; he brought also a let- that he had witnessed; but his young ideas Blushed through the sylvan twilight; yet no streak ter of credit to a large amount. The mer- had to arrange themselves into that mutual or rosy glimmerings from her halls of light chant, after having read the letter of recom- dependance of cause and effect which would Gave note of morn's uprising—sullen, dim, mendation, instead of either throwing it aside easily have brought the whole to the level of And scarcely marked beneath the lifted clouds, as waste paper, or shutting it up in a drawer, his understanding. “Young man,' said his Piled dense above, that hour of gentle prime, examined it, and, finding that is formed only host, tapping him on the shoulder, you are Gleamed mist-involved along the shadowy sea. one of the four sides of the sheet, tore it in absent, and almost pensive; have you made a Day came, but mantled in its gloomiest stole, two, placed the written half in a leaf of his bad dinner?' But the expression of his eyes, with fitful lustre struggling into birth, portfolio, and then, folding the other half, so and the inflexion of his voice, in pronouncing And, slowly mounting on his upward path, that it would serve for writing a note, put it into these words, seemed to mean, Has not your Glared pale at intervals the spectral sun. another portfolio, which already contained a fear of a bad dinner yet vanished?' The young Hushed as before, the winds of heaven were still, number of similar papers. Having completed man blushed, as if he had really heard the lat- But o'er the quiet deep began to steal

his little measure of economy, he turned ter sentence, but the good-humoured financier At first a darkening ripple, and anon towards the young man, and invited him to understood his blush, and, laughing, said, “No The heave and swell of fast-succeeding waves, dinner for that very day. The youth, ac offence ; you are too young to understand how As though beneath, the wildly rolling flood customed to a life of elegance and luxury, felt masses are formed, the true and only power; And ever from the distant vales arose but little inclination for dining with a man whether composed of money, water, or men, it A moaning, feeble as the gust which sighs who could thus appropriate the privileges of is all alike. A mass is an immense centre of Round pool and thicket dank, when winter's sun the chiffonier, by depriving him of his waste motion, but it must be begun—it must be Sinks prematurely veiled, that sound, dismayed, paper ; he accepted the invitation, however, kept up. Young man, the little bits of paper The sea-bird heard, and cowered with folded wing; and promised to return at four o'clock. But which excited your derision this morning are And round the mariner, with wistful eyes, as he descended the narrow staircase, from the one among the means I employ for attaining it.”” Gazed on the clouds and solemn forests, spread counting-house of his banker, his mind rapidly “ A fine story this, that you have been Dim by the lea ; but tranquil yet as death reterted to the observations he had made upon telling us, Buonaparte,” said Josephine, smi- Seemed earth around, and shrouded heaven on high. that small gloomy room, with the two long ling'; “ to me the most marvellous part is, So noon went past; but when, in mid descent, offices that led to it, encumbered with ledgers that you have been speaking for a quarter of Stooped westering to his goal the Lord of Day, that were half smothered with dust and smoke, an hour together, and that to women only.”

Along the shore, and from the wooded heights, and where ten or a dozen young persons were “ I did not forget that, I assure you,

Stole sounds of rising music, softened notes working in silence, whose faces appeared to plied he, winking w the other ladies; “ do Andweymbal tinklings, and the tone subdued

Drawn from the strings of dulcimer and lute, his jaundiced eyes like perfect skeletons. He you think I should have preached in the same Of one lone trumpet, blown as if to pour thought of the windows, plastered with a thick way to men ? They never require it.” I was Its brazen wail above the heroic dead. coat of mud, through which no ray of the much struck by this idea of masses as the Before the prow of that fast-anchored bark beautiful sun of Provence could ever pene- foundation of power.—Memoirs of the Duchess Passed the wild melody, then died remote, trate ; the little bowl of box-wood, filled with D’Abrantes.

Calming the billow, and succeeding fast ; saw-dust, to serve for powder, the broken wri

PERSECUTION AND SLAVERY.

Up sprang a voice among the answering rocks, ting-desk, the dressing-gown of the banker;

Shrill as the night-bird's cry—“Lament ! lament! and all these recollections, rushing at once Friends and Fellow CountryMEN, Fair valleys, and thou, flower-apparelled earth!upon his mind, produced the reflection, ‘I Think of the present state of things in the Ye ivy mantled caves, and horrent pines, have done a foolish thing in accepting the West Indies. Realize the miseries, the wrongs, And fountains gleaming from your beds of moss! invitation; but no matter, a day is soon which are there endured. Look especially at Unfathomed ocean, with incessant roar, passed. The duties of the toilet were dis- the violated rights of British subjects, and the Lifting thy waters limitless and free ! charged rather for his own satisfaction than in persecution of Christian. Missionaries, and of Who sow with light the azure fielås of space, compliment to the host who expected him; all other Christians. Will you support such a and, that done, he proceeded to the street of state of things as this? Or are you resolved Lament! lament? dead is the mighty Pan!” Rome, where his banker's house was situated that it shall cease? Remember that all the That voice with morn the Seric coast had heard, As the latter had told him his wife did not money you pay for sugar raised by slave labour Bathed with its tepid wave; and from the woods, live in that part of the mansion occupied by goes to support slavery, and the evils that system Sounding with hidden streams where Ind sends forth the counting-house, he begged, on arriving, perpetuates. Renounce slave-grown sugar, and Her clouds of incense from a thousand isles, to be conducted to the lady. A number of slavery must fall. Give, then, this practical one universal altar, slunk appalled valets in rich liveries led him across a small proof to the government and the slave-holders The lurking tiger from his cany lair. garden, filled with rare and exotic plants; that you are in earnest. Let every one who is By broad Euphrates, and those flowery meads, and, after conducting him through several the friend of civil and religious liberty, of the Starred with the wild gourd’s blossoms, sternly apartments sumptuously furnished, introduced slave and the missionary (and these will be The Assyrian horseman, and his bow upraised him to a handsome drawing-room, where he found to be the best friends to the planter like- Dropped nerveless, smitten with a dread unknown. found his banker, who presented him to his wise, who will soon be ruined by the continu- Memnonian Thebes made answer to the plaint wife and mother ; the former was young and ance of the present system), come forward and with murmurs from a thousand stony lips ; pretty, the latter not yet old, and both were give a pledge to use no more sugar raised by And o'er Cyrene's olive-shaded hills, dressed in rich stuffs, and adorned with fine slave labour, since it is stained with his bro- And Hellas, with her founts and vales of song, pearls and sparkling diamonds, which attested ther's blood. If this resolution were general And green Ausonia, where the trophied Rome the wealth of the honest and laborious head through the country (and by means of active Sat arbitress, supreme of earth and sea, of the family; he himself was no longer the associations it might speedily be rendered so), Fear fell as night-the guest his jewelled cup personage his guest had seen in the morning; it would strengthen and quicken all the mea- Untasted left, and from the threshold turned he seemed to have left behind, amongst the sures now in operation, and slavery would The saffron-vested bride, amidst the blaze dusty ledgers and portfolios, the man of the receive its death-blow. There is other slave Of sorrow sank beside the bier of death.

Of congregated torches, while the wail black velvet cap and woollen dressing-gown, produce, but nothing that can be compared So passed the sound o'er wild Iberia's space, while the manners and conversation of fifteen with sugar, either in the quantity consumed, By Tarshish, tower-crowned queen, and far away, or twenty visitors, who were assembled in the or its effects on the comfort and life of the As sought the sun those yet untraversed coasts drawing-room, led to the inference that this slave; while FREE LABOUR sugar can now be Renowned in legends old, with shining groves, house was one of the best, if not the very best, obtained both cheap and good, and a little en- As Fancy deemed, by serpent-watch surveyed, in the city. Dinner was served, and he was I couragement will render it cheaper and better. Died on the wide Atlantic.

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If we

THE IMPOLICY OF SLAVE LABOUR. OUT, must, along with other charges, be covered WEALTH. What MORE COULD NATURE OR LEGIS

by the market price of the produce of the land. LATION DO FOR IT! Let us look at the picture of A series of valuable papers on the subject Hence, the proprietor who cultivates his estates their condition drawn by able observers, and by of Colonial Slavery is now in the course of ap- by slaves, CANNOT, in similar circumstances, com- the inhabitants themselves. Mark this aetail of pearing in the Cambridge Independent Press. pete, in the same market, with him who employs forty years ! They are furnished by the Rev. G. W. Crau- free men; he must be proTECTED by a monopoly; In 1792, says Bryan Edwards, “the great furd, a Fellow of King's College, and cannot or, in plain English, we must sunSCRIBE, in order mass of the planters are men of oppressed forfail to do important service to the cause of to enable him to continue working his estate by tunes, consigned by debt to unremitting drudgery humanity. We hope they will be extensively such expensive machines as slaves. It is plain, in the colonies, with a hope, which eternally

then, that slavery introduces into the system of mocks their grasp, of happier days, and a release read; and that their talented author will, ere long, have to rejoice over the annihilation of tecting-duties, that is, a direct tax or sum of

labour an addITIONAL CHARGE; and, without pro- from their embarrassments. so impolitic and inhuman a system. The money, levied on the people of the parent state for appointed to examine into the state of the sugar

In the same year a Committee of the assembly following paper forms the second of the series. this service, every slave-colony, must, sooner or trade, report that—"In the course of twenty In introducing it to our readers, we may be later, sink into the abyss of bankruptcy and pau- years, 177 estates in Jamaica have been sold for permitted to remark, that Mr. Craufurd has perism. This may be proved, first, as a matter of the payment of debts ; 55 estates have been fallen into a slight inaccuracy in stating the theory; and then, as a matter of experience, from thrown up; and 92 are still in the hands of amount of the protecting duty on sugar and historical evidence.

creditors : -- total 324! And, it appears, from a coffee: it is now £8 on the former, and £24 Let us suppose the case, that a certain colony return made by the provost marshal, that 80,121 on the latter; instead of £10, and £28, as

possesses 40,000 slave labourers ; the first cost of executions, amounting to £22,563,786 have been stated by Mr. Craufurd.

which is £1,600,000, naming, as the average lodged in his office, in the course of twenty

price of slaves, £40 a head. This labour is put years!” can persuade men, from motives of in motion, and sustained, at an annual expence of In 1804, a Report of the Assembly in JaPURE HUMANITY or RELIGION, to undertake a good £20 a piece, or £800,000 as the total. (Some maica, printed by order of the House of Comcause, of course it is very delightful : but we planters will tell us, that the average expence of mons, states that=“Every British merchant hold. know, from experience, that the greater part of slaves is even £24 or £26 per annum, but I have ing securities on real estates, is filing bills in mankind are very little moved, except by motives taken a low estimate.) This sum of £20 a piece is Chancery to foreclose, although, when he has obof self-INTEREST ; and even religious persons are supposed to include only food, clothing, lodging, tained his decree, he hesitates to enforce it, beNOT SORRY when they find that their exertions in superintendence, medical advice, and the suste- cause he must become the proprietor of the planthe cause of mercy tend to advance their worldly nance of the young, infirm, aged, and females, tation, of which, from fatal experience, he knows profit. I feel, therefore, pretty certain of gaining when, through pregnancy, they are unfit for la- the consequence. No one will advance money the attention of many, while I address you upon bour, for the race of slaves must be kept up. But, to relieve those whose debts approach half the the subject of "the enormous expensiveness of to these natural wages of labour, we have to add value of their property, nor even lend a moderate slavery,” and show what a heavy burden it lays the annual interest on the first cost of the la- sum without a judgment in ejectment, and release upon us--the people of Great Britain ; and what bourers, namely at six per cent, the rate of colo- of errors, that, at a moment's notice, he may take ruin it brings upon the slave-owners and planters nial interest, £96,000. To this we must add in- out a writ of possession, and enter on the plantain the colonies. When I get to the subject of surance on the capital vested in this perishable tion of his unfortunate debtor. Sheriff's officers, mere mercy, or religion, the attention of many commodity; say at the low rate of three per cent. and collectors of taxes, are every where offering Teaders will, I fear, begin to flag.

This gives an additional expenditure of £48,000. for sale the property of individuals who have seen First, let me show the ruin which it necessarily Further, it is well known that slave labour is better days, and now must view their effects purbrings upon the planters and slave-owners. Land much inferior in productiveness to free labour, by chased for half their real value, and at less than is every where cultivated at the simple expence of at least five per cent. This deduction from the half their original cost. Far from having the the support, that is, the maintenance in food, master's profits is the same as outlay. We have reversion expected, the creditor is not often satisclothing, and lodging, of the race of labourers. here, therefore, another expence equal to £80,000 fied. All kind of credit is at an end. A faithful These are the NATURAL WAGES of labour. Acci

per annum.

Further, all the incidental disabili detail would have the appearance of a frightful dental circumstances, indeed, may cause fluctua- ties PECULIAR TO SLAVE labour, such as sulks, caricature." tions in them, and changes for a short time ; but running away, imprisonment for slave OFFENCES, In 1807, the Assembly reports that—" within this is the centre, or natural level, determined by inability to work after being flogged, &c., &c. : the last five or six years, 65 estates have been the constitution of things. The market price of all these are equal to one per cent, or £16,000 abandoned ; 32 sold under decrees of chancery; produce must cover this expence, together with more. Adding all these expences together, we and 115 depending in chancery. In five years, the wear and tear of all MACHINES or implements find that they amount to £1,040,000 per annum. total 212! The sugar estates lately brought to used; besides a certain profit on the capital em- Now, suppose a colony stocked with 40,000 FREE sale, and now in the Court of Chancery, in this ployed. Now, the race of slave-labourers (so labourers. The whole expense of their support, island and in England, amount to about one fourtke their masters assure us) receive the same mainte- and for the perpetuation of the race of labourers, is of the whole number in the colony!” In fine, they nance as the free. In addition to which, while about £20 a piece, or £800,000 per annum. observe—“ Under a continuance of the present infants, before they are able to work, when they To this sum the masters of free labourers have no- circumstances, your committee anticipate, very are sick, and in the decrepitude of old age, they thing to add. The labourer takes care of himself shortly, the bankruptcy of a much larger part of draw their subsistence from the funds of their and his family, and, under all circumstances of the community, and, in the course of a few years, owner, without making ANY

And sickness, or other adversity, pays his own way. of the whole class of sugar planters, excepting, planters assure us, that, at such seasons, they are We may perceive, therefore, that the masters in perhaps, a very few in peculiar circumstances. very handsomely provided for. Again, the planter the slave colony pay for their labour £240,000 In 1812, the Assembly addressed themselves is said to furnish all his slaves liberally with food more than the masters in the free colony. Hence, to the king, and represented their ruin as complete. and raiment. Now, in furnishing supplies, the eco- it follows, that the WHOLE CAPITAL INVESTED IN

of coffee is gathering in,” they say, nomy of an individual, who has only himself, or AGRICULTURAL SLAVES is lost, or CONSUMED every“ but its exuberance excites no sensation of his family, to consult for, must be always superior SEVEN years. This is the price of slavery. This pleasure. If the slaves of the coffee plantations to that of a man who has under his charge a great is nature's revenge for the violation of natural are offered for sale, who can buy them? The number of families, who, all of them, consider rights. I have supposed this colony to contain proprietors of the old sugar estates are themselves WASTE as no LOSS TO THEM. This must be, even 40,000 slaves. All our slave colonies put to- sinking under accumulated burdens. If ever when he himself is the proprietor, RESIDENT on gether contain, at least, 400,000 full-grown work- there was a case demanding the active and immehis property. But the proprietors of three quar- ing slaves. Hence it follows, that the sum paid diate interference of a paternal government, to reters of West Indian estates are persons resident in for their labour, over and above the cost of free lieve the burdens, and alleviate the calamities of England ; and their affairs are conducted by labour, is not less than £2,400,000 per annum. a most valuable and useful class of subjects, it is AGENTS, whose only interest is to make sugar as Pretty expensive work this! But some persons that of the coffee-planters in Jamaica.” fast as possible, and get their comMISSION paid : will say, all this is only THEORY ; and your cal- In 1813, Mr. Marryatt stated in the House of while, upon them, no loss, occasioned by the culations may be quite wrong. Let us come, Commons that — " There were, comparatively, waste of slaves' lives, or the waste of property, then, to history, facts, and documents ; and, as a few estates in the West Indies that had not, ever falls. Here, then, is a DOUBLE DRAIN upon specimen of slave colonies, we will take Jamaica ; during the last twenty years, been sold or given money: the wastefulness of the slaves themselves, an island fertile, abounding in valuable pro- up to creditors." and that of the overseer or agent. Besides, when ductions, well situated for commerce and highly In 1830, in an address to parliament, they pray slaves are indolent, or refractory, or criminal, the favoured by England.

that "in consequence of the alarming and unwhole pecuniary loss falls upon the owner.

The sugar of the West India planter is pro- precedented state of distress in which the whole And to all these drawbacks we have to add a tected in the British market by a difference of British West India interest is involved, parliament permanent and incurable one. The slave proprie- | £10 per ton, levied on the sugar of the East. would adopt prompt and effectual measures of tor has introduced an EXPENSIVE MACHINE into his His coffee by a difference of £28 ; his rum by relief, in order to preserve them from inevitable system, with which the master of free labourers is 11s. 6d. per gallon, and the like with other ruin!” The only way to avert it is to free their not burdened, namely the slave HIMSELF. The articles. He and the West India merchant slaves. To crown the whole, they have been annual interest of the first cost of this machine, have, in effect, a monopoly of the trade and of the obliged to borrow from Parliament, this VERY and its restoration, before the machine is worn 'market. Surely, this island SHOULD ABOUND IN YEAR, near £1,000,000.

RETURN.

" The crop

120

APHORISMS. Such is the history of slavery in Jamaica, in

But the hours speed on, and Time, as he flies,

Over the valleys breathes witheringly ; spite of all its natural and acquired advantages;

And the fairest chaplet of summer dies. and such has been, and will be, the mclancholy fate of every colony cultivated by slaves. It does W 110 knoweth not that time is truly compared

And blossomless now is the wild-briar tree. not depend upon accidents. It is the natural and to a stream that carrieth down fresh and pure wa: The strong have bowed down, the beauteous are inevitable result of a false system of labour. ters unto that salt sea of corruption which envi.

dead; An able writer at the Cape says, “In this roneth all human actions? And therefore if man

The blast through the forest sighs mournfully, colony we enjoy a most favourable climate and shall not, by his industry, virtue, and policy, as it And bared is full many a lofty head, situation, much good land, and many valuable were with the oar, row against the stream and in

But there's fruit on the lowly wild-briar tree. productions. We are not burdened with a na- clination of time, all institutions and ordinances, tional debt, the support of fleets or armies, por be they never so pure, will corrupt and degenerate. It has cheered yon bird, that, with geatle swell, any of the artificial evils of old states. Yet - LORD Bacon.

Sings, “What are the gaudy flowers to me? poverty is the general rule, and the most moderate Riches are the baggage of virtue ; they cannot For here will I build my nest, and dwell independence the rare exception. There are many be spared nor left behind, but they hinder the

By the simple, faithful, wild-briar tree.” causes for this, but we can now point to one march.-IB.

Wild Garland. which would alone account fully for our depres- Those who study particular sciences, and neg. sion, in the absence of all the rest.

lect philosophy, are like Penelope's suitors, that “We possess about 35,000 slaves. The first made love to the waiting-woman. -ARISTIPPUS.

VERSES TO A BATH STOVE, cost, at £40 a piece, is £1,400,000. The natural As that which rises from the bottom of a still is wages of labour is just the sustenance of the la- but a vapour, and becomes not a drop till it settles

BY DR. MASON GOOD, bourer ; but this the slaves get, and over and above upon the upper part of it; so that which comes we lose annually, from the body is but a base disturbance, and comes

On leaving it behind in a house from which he removed. 1. The interest of the first cost £84,000 not to the proper form and nature of a sin till con- Here rest, О stove! the fondest friends must part, 2. Insurance 42,000 sented to and owned by the soul.-Dr. South.

Whate'er the sorrow that subdues the heart; 3. Inferiority of slave labour (5 p. c.) 70,000 It is the chief concern of wise men to retrench Here rest, a monument to all behind, 4. Accidents peculiar to slave labour 14,000 the evils of life by the reasonings of philosophy; of the chief virtues that enrich the mind. Making a difference against us in

it is the employment of fools to multiply them by For thrice three years I've known thee, and have favour of countries that employ the sentiments of superstition.-Addison.

found free lbaour of

£220,000 It cannot escape observation, that when men Thy service clean, thy constitution sound ; per annum.

are too much confined to professional and faculty Amidst a world of changes thou hast stood Total loss in every seven years · £1,540,000 habits, and, as it were, inveterate in the recurrent Fix'd to thy post, illustriously good ; Nor is this all. A large portion of the active employment of that parrow circle, they are rather Unwarp'd, inflexible, and true,

whate’er capital of the colony is thus locked up, and taken disabled than qualified for whatever depends on Thy fiery toils, -and thou hast had thy share; from its natural use-viz., promoting improve the knowledge of mankind, on experience in mixed For never Stoic of the porch has felt ments, and extending cultivation and trade. And affairs, on a comprehensive and connected view of A frame more firm, or less disposed to melt; many of our farmers, particularly in the wine dis, the various, complicated, external, and internal And sooner than o'er thine, mankind might seek tricts, commenced their business on borrowed interests which go to the formation of that multi. For iron tears o'er Pluto's marble cheek. money, on which they paid six per cent. If, as farious thing called a “state."-BURKE.

Yet hast thou shown, in fulness and in want, it is now manifest, the capital sunk in the first

Virtues that ne'er in rugged bosoms haunt; cost of slaves perishes every seven years, or, to

Grate-full when loaded, and when empty seen meet all objections respecting numbers, say, every

With a still fairer and more beauteous mien; ten years, the fate of such farmers could have been

ANECDOTE OF MILTON.

For polished is thy make, and form'd t'impart easily foreseen. It was impossible, not from the local or accidental circumstances, but from the

James the Second, when Duke of York, ex

Light to the mind, and solace to the heart.

When numb'd by vapours, or a frowning sky, immutable order of things, that they could compressed one day a great desire to see old Milpete, in the same markets , with the wine growers ton, of whom he had heard so much. The When dark my views, or doubtful my career,

When deadly gloom has weigh'd down every eye, of Europe, who have the whole of this money king replied, that he felt no objection to the I've sought thy radiance, all has soon been clear ; capital always at command to meet the various duke's satisfying his curiosity; and, accord- Nature her face has hasten'd to resume, demands of their manufacture and trade. No one ingly, soon afterwards James went privately to Each doubt decamp’d, and glee succeeded gloom. need be surprised that, in consequence of this Milton's house, where, after an introduction enormous waste, we find ourselves so often on the which explained to the old republican the rank tom of it." Such is the cost of slavery to the tween these very dissimilar and discordant WALTER'S ANISEED PILLS. The numerous and brink of ruin, and now and then at the very boto of liis guest, a free conversation ensued be. For the SCURFTESSOUGHS, COLDS, planter.

How many more years shall this wretched characters. In the course, however, of the con respectable Testimonials daily received of the extraordisystem continue, and be actually suPPORTED by versation, the duke asked Milton whether he did prayindicacy of the above Pills, in curing the most disus?

not regard the loss of his eye-sight as a judg- respiratory organs, induce the Proprietor to recommend I remain, Sir,

ment inficted on hinn for what he had written plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now stood Your obedient servant,

against the late king. Milton's reply was to ihe test of experience for several years cannot be too genethis effect: “If your Highness thinks that the and vegetable ingredients

, and are so speedy in their bene

They are composed entirely of balsamic G. W. CRAWFURD.

calamities which befal us here are indications ficial effects, thai in ordinary cases a few doses have been King's College, Oct. 3, 1832.

of the wrath of Heaven, in what manner found sufficient; and, unlike most Cough Medicines, they are we to account for the fate of the king, any of the unpleasant sensations so frequently complained

neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor produce your father? The displeasure of Heaven must, of. The following cases are submitted to the Public from

upon this supposition, have been much greater lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent conghi, ANCIENT ELECTIONEERING. against him than against me; for I have lost attended with hoarseness, which rendered his speech inauonly my eyes, but he lost his head."

dible, by taking three or four doses. E. Booley, of QaecaA MEMORABLE instance of old English spirit

street, Spitalfields, after taking a few doses, was entirely and integrity is recorded of Lady Ann Clifford,

cured of a most inveterate cough, which he had had for

many months, and tried almost every thing without sucCountess of Dorset, Pembroke, and Montgo

cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Sharmery, who, by failure of the male line, pos

wood, No. 55, Bishopsgate Without, in boxes, at Is. Ifel. THE WILD BRIAR.

and three in one for 2s. 90.; and by appointment, by Hansessed the great hereditary estates of the Clifford

nay and Co., No. 63, Oxford-strect; Green, No. 42, WhiteCumberland family, and the consequent pa- The woods are stripped by the wintry winds, chapel-road; Prout, No. 226, Strand; Sharp, Cross-street, tronage of the borough of Appleby. Sir Joseph And faded the flowers that bloomed on the lea ; | No. 130, Brick-lane, Bethnal-green; Farrar, Upton-place,

Islington; Pink, No. 65, High-street, Borough; Allison, Williamson, the profligate minister and secre- But one lingering gem the wanderer finds- Commercial-road; Hendebourck, 326, Holborn; and by tary of Charles the Second, wrote to her lady- 'Tis the ruby fruit of the wild-briar tree. all the wholesale and retail Medicine Venders in the United

Kingdom.-N.B. In consequence of the increased demand ship, suggesting a candidate for the borough. She returned the following laconic and patri- When the spring came forth in her May-day mood, against Counterfeits-none can be genuine unless signed by otic answer, worthy a better subject than this "Mid the bursting buds, by the zephyr

wooed,

I. A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter

on the ontside wrapper. Be sure to ask for “ Walter's bartering of the subject's rights :“I have been bullied by an usurper, I have

The green leafy sprays of the wild-briar tree.

Aniseed Pills." been neglected by a court; but I will not be When the sunbeams shone with a warmer glow, Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published dictated to by a subject. Your man sha'nt And the honied bells were sipped by the bee, by J. CRISP, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster stand.

Could the woodlands a lovelier garland show, Row, where all Advertisements and Commani. “ Anne Dorset, Pembroke, and Montgomery." Than the wreath that hung on the wild-briar tree? cations for the Editor are to be addressed.

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SALE OF SLAVES AT THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.

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