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(From the Royal Jamaica Gazette.)

Kingston Workhouse, April 27, 1832. Elizabeth, alias Frances, a Creole negro woman, 4 feet 104 inches, ma: ked S. M. V. on right shoulder, and has an impediment in her speech, to Miss Mary L. Watt, at Falmouth; committed on the 24th January, 1832.

Manchester Workhouse, June 13, 1832. Robert Wilson, alias Peter, a Creole, 5 feet 64

DISTI inches, marked M., heart on top, on left shoulder; has marks of flogging on right shoulder, two small cuts on his forehead, and the mark of a sore on right leg.

St. Mary's Workhouse, May 30, 1832. Notice is hereby given, That unless the undermentioned slave be taken out of this workhouse prior to Wednesday, the 25th day of July next. he will, on that day, between the hours of 10 and 12 o'clock in the forenoon, be put up to public sale, and sold to the highest and best bidder, at the Court House, in Manning's Town, agreeably to the Workhouse Law now in force, for payment

CHURCH OF ST. MARY REDCLIFF, BRISTOL. of his fees. James Edwards, a Creole of St. Dorothy's, 5

| This beautiful building appears to have | tower at the west end of it is 148 feet in feet 2 inches, says he is free. This man has

been erected at different times, and by the height, and forms a fine object from the already had three Special Sessions, and can bring forward no documents or proof's whatever as to his pious zeal of different individuals. The adjacent country. The church was refreedom ; committed by J. H. Livingston, Esq. Told Chronicles of Bristol, under the year paired in 1757, and then embellished with Spanish Town IVorkhouse, June 23, 1832.

1294, mention a church built by Sir Simon three beautiful paintings, from Scripture Sandy, a Creole, 5 feet 1 inch, flogging marks

de Bruton on this site, and grants of land history, by the celebrated Hogarth. on shoulders, right ear bored, says he is a sailor, to it are dated as early as 1207. The It has become, of late years, an obiect belonging to the schooner Enterprise, Captain greater part of the present edifice appears of some further curiosity, from its being Hearn.

to have been erected by William Canynge, the place from whence Chatterton prePort Royal Workhouse, June 29, 1832. | a wealthy citizen of Bristol, in 1389. Intended to have drawn the poems which James Rowley, alias James Bailey, a Sambo 1445, during a very violent storm, the bear his name. He alleged that they Creole, 5 feet 64 inches ; no mark; says he for- steeple was struck down by lightning. constituted a portion of those ancient merly belonged to Dr. Charles Gray Reed (de- and the whole edifice so much injured by manuscripts which his father surrepticeased), of Camperdown, St. Ann's, who left him free (but has no documents of freedom), and that its fall as to be nearly in a ruinous state. | tiously obtained from one of a number of Mr. Augus, of St. Ann's, is Dr. Reed's executor. The grandson, however, of the founder | chests, which were preserved in a small

St. George's Workhouse, July 4. 1832. repaired it at great expense, and has in room over the north porch of the church. Joe, a Moeo, 5 feet 14 inch, marked apparently

consequence received the honours of a The chest in question was supposed to I. H. on shoulders ; a piece of his left ear is cut off,

of his left ear is cut oli second founder, in the archives of Bristol. s have belonged to Mr. Canynge, of whom and two of his lower front teeth are lost, to Miss This church has received the admiration we have spoken, and was called Mr. Barnes, a black woman, Port Maria.

of all judges of architecture : though Canynge's cofre. His story, however, Agnes, a Creole, 4 feet 7 inches, marked P. D. on right shoulder, cupping marks on temples, says

large and spacious, it has a light and airy was such a complete tissue of prevaricashe belongs to Stephen Hannaford, Esq., St. Do- appearance, and is sufficiently orna- tion and inconsistencies, that no one, we rothy's.

mented, though not crowded with small believe, has yet been able to ascertain The Jamaica Courant.

and unbecoming decorations. It is 239 what part of it was true, and what was

September 4, 1832. feet in length, and 117 in breadth. The false. “Ran away from the Subscriber, six weeks back, a negro man, by the name of Richard, alias

DOR the CURE of COUGHS, COLDS, for this excellent Medicine, the Public are cantioned Charles Williams. He is stout made, rather short,

I ASTHMAS, SHORTNESS of BREATH, &c. &c.- against Counterfeits- none can be genuine unless signed by large whiskers, a painter by trade, formerly the WALTER'S ANISEED PILLS.-The numerous and

I. A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter property of Miss Rose Powell. It is strongly sus respectable testimonials daily received of the extraordi

on the outside wrapper. Be sure to ask for “Walter's pected that he is harboured by his wife, the propary efficacy of the above Pills, in curing the most dis

Aniseed Pills.” tressing and long-established diseases of the pulmonary and perty of Mrs. Austin, in Upper Hannah's Town.

respiratory organs, induces the Proprietor to recommend LONDON :-Published by J. CRISP, at No. 27, One pound six shillings and eight pence will be them to the notice of those afflicted with the above com

Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row. paid for his apprebension, and a further sum of plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now stood

Where all Communications for the Editor are to be two pounds thirteen shillings and four pence, by

the test of experience for several years cannot be too gene-
raily known. They are composed entirely of balsainic

: addressed. proving to conviction by whom harboured.

and vegetable ingredients, and are so gpeedy in their bene. “Moses BRANDON.”

Town Agents. ficial ettects, that in ordinary cases a few doses have been

B. Steil, Paternoster-row G. Cowie, Strand found sufficient, and, unlike most Cough Medicines, they

W. Strange, ditto

Hewitt, ditto
September 6, 1832. neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor produce

G. Berger, Holyuell-street, Clements, Pulteney street any of the unpleasant sensations so frequently complained “Ran away from the Subscriber, on Saturday

Strand of. The following cases are submitted to the Public from

| Purkess, Compton-street

Arch, Cornhill last, a negro woman by the name of Eve, alias many in the Proprietor's possession :-K. Boke, of Globe

Lloyd, Hayes-court

Country Agents. Elizabeth Mitchell, with her infant child.

lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent cough, She is

attended with hoarseness, which rendered his speech inan Birmingham, J. Drake | Leeds, Baynes and Co. 5 feet 8 inches in height, full eyes, was once the dible, by taking three or four doses. E. Booley, of Queen:

Boston, J. Noble

Ditto, Knight property of Alexander Bravo, and afterwards Miss street, Spitalfields, after taking a few doses, was entirely

Bristol, Westley and Co. Lincoln, W. Peck Ann Gibbons. It is strongly suspected that she

cured of a anost inveterate cough, which he had had for Cambridge, Mrs. Landifer | Liverpool, Willmer and many months, and tried almost every thing without sac

Carlisle, C. Thurnam

Sunith is harboured by a black man by the name of Da

cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Shar Chatham, P. Youngman Manchester, R. Robinson vies, who is her father-in-law, or by her husband, wood, No. 55, Bishopsgate Without, in boxes, at ls. 1 d., Cheltenham, J. Gray Ditto, W. Ellerby John Bryan, a slave to Mr. Scott, Long Bay.

and three in one for 2s. Id. , and by appointment, by Han: Derby, Wilkins and Son Newcastle, Chambers

nay and Co., No. 63, Oxford-street: Green, No. 42,White Edinburgh, J. Wardlaw Two pounds thirteen shillings and fourpence will

Norwich, Jarrold and Sus chapel-road; Pront, No. 226, Strand : Sharp, Cross-street,

Falmouth, J. Philp

Nottingham, C. Wright be paid for her apprehension ; and a further sum Islington: Pink, No. 65, High-street, Borough ; Allison, Glasgore, G. Gallie

Stroud, W. Harmer of ten pounds by proving to conviction by whom

No. 130, Brick-lane, Bethnal-green; Farrar, Upton-place, Hull, w. Stephenson Worcester, J. R. Hunt harboured. Commercial-road; Hendebourck, 326, Holborn; and by Ditto, J. Noble

Ditio, H. Deighton all the wholesale and retail Medicine Venders in the United “ E. L. WOOLFrys," Kingdom.-N.B. In consequence of the increased demand Printed by J. Haddon and Co., 27, Ivy Lane,

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The cathedrals and other ecclesiastical | love of science become more generally | To the cathedral of Notre Dame of Paris, edifices which arose throughout Europe, diffused, the desire will be evinced, by all of the rise and history of which we purpose during the twelfth, and three following classes of society, for the preservation of to give a brief sketch, a sum of two centuries, are justly the pride of every these splendid productions of our fore- thousand pounds was annually granted country where they exist; they form by fathers.

for its restoration; and in a few years it far the most beautiful ornaments of their In no country of Europe have religious would, no doubt, have been restored chief cities, and at once testify to the buildings suffered so much from popular to its original beauty. It has suffered zeal and piety, taste, munificence, and violence as in France : scarcely one is to from every revolution, of which the perseverance, of the ages in which these be seen which has not been defaced; and, French capital has been so prolific; much beautiful structures were erected. If, in even within a very short period, the vene- of its exterior sculpture was destroyed discarding the superstitions of by-gone rable and curious church of St. Germain during the insane fury of 1793; yet it times, we had retained a little of that ve- l'Auxerrois, and the archiepiscopal pa- is still a splendid fabric, and “ may neration with which every building was lace attached to the metropolitan cathe- be considered as among the boldest and viewed that had once been consecrated to dral, have been, the one partially destroyed, most successful existing in Gothic archiChristian worship, we should not have to the other razed to the ground. Previous tecture.” regret the neglect and consequent decay to the late revolution, the government. The present structure, which is situated of so many of our national antiquities. had, by yearly grants of money, assisted in the old city, on an island formed by the Time has destroyed much; but the ruth-in repairing some of the most splendid of Seine, was commenced in 1163, in the less hand of man much more. We anti-those edifices which had been mutilated reign of Louis the Young. The first cipate, however, that, as knowledge and a in a spirit of most senseless Vandalism. store was laid by Pope Alexander III.,

who was then a fugitive in France, Mau- the cathedral, beginning with Childebert

COLONIAL SLAVERY rice de Sully being Bishop of Paris. As | I., and terminating with Philip Augustus. A SOURCE OF DISTRESS AT HOME NO LESS early as the year 1182 it was so far ad- Not a vestige of them is remaining; they

THAN OF MISERY ABROAD. vanced that the high- altar was conse- were entirely destroyed in 1793. Above crated; and near the steps of it Geoffery, this gallery is the centre window, which

TO THE ELECTORS OF GREAT BRITAIN Duke of Brittany, son of our King Henry is 43 feet in diameter, and still retains

AND IRELAND. II., who died in Paris in 1186, was in some of the fine stained glass of the 13th terred; yet two centuries more elapsed century. The height of the towers from FRIENDS AND FELLOW COUNTRYMEN, before it was brought to its completion. the casement is about 221 feet, and the Hitherto you have possessed little power to

The nave and west front, with its high width of the facade about 138 feet; the influence the conduct of your rulers, and have, and massive towers, are supposed to have extreme exterior length is about 449 feet, therefore, been less responsible for their meabeen terminated about the year 1223. and the greatest width 162 feet.

sures. The case is now altered. The power The south portal was commenced in 1257, We have but little to add concerning

of choosing the House of Commons is placed and the northern one not until about the interior, the architectural effect of

in your own hands; and, therefore, the guilt of

tolerating, and still more of sanctioning abuse, fifty years after, in 1312 or 1313. Even which is not very imposing ; the solid

will now rest upon you. as late as 1447, there is a record of a pillars of the nave, the double aisles The reform in the representation which has grant being made by Charles VII. to com- which surround the choir, and the some- led to this important change will prove of plete a part of it, or to make some ad what grotesque basso relievos, represent- small value, unless it be followed by a reform dition. ing the life of Christ, may be, perhaps, of

of the abuses which have grown up under the A curious and, no doubt, most interesting interesting to the antiquary; but there are

old system. It were vain, indeed, to aim

at sweeping them all away at once. They discovery was made during its progress. few that will not admire the splendid

must be assailed in succession, otherwise your In the year 1218, on the pulling down of rose window of the south transept, which strength will be divided, and your final vican old church dedicated to St. Stephen, exceeds 45 feet in diameter, and was re tory over them retarded. Your combined efwhich adjoined the south side of the ca stored, in 1727, by Claude Penel, at an forts ought to be directed to their removal, thedral, were brought to light the following I expense of four thousand pounds, which one after another, according to their comparelics, which are recorded to have been was defrayed by the Cardinal de Noailles. / rative urgency and importance ; and thus, by

the blessing of God, may you expect, in no given to the church by Philip Augustus ; | The choir is ornamented with some tolebut it is not stated from whence he ob-rable pictures of the modern French

long time, to effect their entire extirpation.

But surely there is no one abuse to be tained them. They consisted of three of school.

named which, when contemplated in all its the teeth of St. John the Baptist; an Many extraordinary events, during the bearings, can vie in enormity with that of arm of St. Andrew; a number of the lapse of ages, have passed within the in- | COLONIAL SLAVERY; nor is there any one stones with which St. Stephen had been terior of the cathedral, but none, perhaps, / duty which prefers more powerful claims on martyred; and a part of the head of St. more memorable than the coronation of every

ore memorable than the coronation of every British heart than that of rescuing upDenis!--the whole of which precious trea that child of Fortune, Napoleon Buona

wards of 800,000 of our fellow-subjects from

the cruel and degrading bondage in which, sure was transferred, with much pomp | parte and his wife Josephine, on the 2nd without any crime of theirs, they are at this and ceremony, to the rising cathedral, on of December, 1804, amidst all that was hour iniquitously held. the 4th of December.

splendid and illustrious in their capital. The intrinsic immorality and wickedness of The west front of the cathedral, with | The head of the Catholic church had | COLONIAL SLAVERY are now almost univerits towers and marigold window, of which I been forced to repair to Paris to bear his sally admitted, and are scarcely denied even we present to our readers a most faithful part in the great pageant. “The Pope by its apolo and spirited drawing, is remarkable not blessed them, and consecrated the dia

recur to the facts and arguments which have

extorted that tardy adinission. The object of only for its general effect, but for its ele- dems; but these were not placed on their the present address will rather be directed to gant simplicity, bold character of outline, heads by his hand. That office, in show that it is no less impolitic than it is inand, what is rather unusual, its uniformity either case, Napoleon himself performed. human and unjust; and that it is maintained of design; it may be described as being Throughout the ceremonial his aspect was not only by a sacrifice of Christian principle, divided horizontally into four compart-thoughtful : it was on a stern and a | but by other most costly sacrifices, both pecuments, the lowermost of which has for its gloomy brow that he, with his own hands, mary centre the principal entrance-porch; on planted the symbol of successful ambi

* yourselves only by its entire extinction. To either side is a similar one of correspond- tion and uneasy power; and the shouts

this end, therefore, ought your views, in the

choice of representatives at the approaching ing character; they open with high pointed of the deputies present, carefully selected elections, to be especially directed, wholly rearches, and form deep recesses, gradually for the purpose, sounded faint and hol-jecting the pretensions of such as are opposed contracting to the doors; they are ex | low amidst the silence of the people.” to the abolition of slavery, or are interested in tremely beautiful, being highly decorated

its continuance. with alto-relievos. The sculptures above

Among the evils flowing from this source, the doors of the middle porch represent

one of the most prominent is the frightful the last judgment; within the porch to

waste of human life which has taken place in THEY ARE GONE!

that great charnel-house, the Sugar Colonies the left of the spectator are sculptured ( From Moore's Evenings in Greece.). of Great Britain. Mr. Fowell Buxton has various subjects from the New Testament,

proved this point in the most satisfactory and within that to the right are the figures;

| Ah! where are they who heard, in former hours, | manner. By a careful digest of the official

| The voice of song in these neglected bowers ? of prophets, evangelists, and saints; but,

parliamentary returns of the slave population

They are gone—they are all gone! unfortunately, the greater number of the

in those colonies, furnished by the colonists statues are deprived of their heads, the ce of their heads the

themselves, it appears that its actual decrease The youth, who told his pain in such sweet tone, That all who heard him wish'd his pain their own

in eleven years has amounted to 52,624. This monsters of the French Revolution having

He is gone-he is gone!

statement has, for many months past, been extended their impious fury even to the

placed before the public without receiving any beheading of stones. Immediately above And she who, while he sung, sat listening by,

refutation, so that its correetness may be fairly the porches is a gallery called the “ Gal

| And thought, to strains like these 'twere sweet to assumed.* lery of the Kings,from its having been

This decrease, however, large as it is, and

She is gone-she, too, is gone! . decorated with the statues of twentyeight of those who were considered to

| 'Tis thus, in future hours, some bard will say * Those who wish to refer to this document

Of her who hears, and him who sings this layhave been the principal benefactors of

will find a faithful transcript of it in the “ AntiThey are gone-they both are gone ! | Slavery Reporter,” No. 100.


though it supplies a proof, which no sophistry , incurs in supplying us with the sugar we con- | them the cultivation of indigo: and it is now can elude, of misery and suffering, forms but a sume. We are thus made direct participators | grown solely by free labour. In this case, the small part of the murderous results with which in his crime.

extinction of slavery in the British colonies, BRITISH COLONIAL SLAVERY is chargeable. Another million of pounds, at the least, is even if it should not operate powerfully in the Had its victims been placed in circumstances annually paid by this country for maintaining way of example, as we might fairly expect it equally favourable with the free blacks around those establishments, civil, naval, and military, | to do, on the United States, and on France, them or even with their fellow slaves in the by which the slaves in the West Indies, the Brazil, Spain, and other nations, would, at United States, instead of decreasing in eleven Cape of Good Hope, and the Mauritius, are least, establish in the West a growing populavears by 52,624, they ought to have increased | kept in subjection to the cart-whip, and by | tion of free labourers, to aid the efforts of the by upwards of 220.000. The following is the which the masters are protected in inflicting | free labourers of the East in rendering slavery ground on which this appalling fact (involving upon them misery and death.

as unprofitable, in the culture of sugar and ă waste, in the slave colonies of Great Britain, Besides this, the interests of British com- | other articles, as it now is in the culture of of more than 270,000 lives in eleven years) is | merce are sacrificed, for the profit of the indigo, and thus making it the common inconfidently averred:

growers of sugar by slave labour, in the West terest, no less than the duty, of all nations to The African slave-trade was abolished by Indies and the Mauritius, and in order to pro abandon the crimes both of slavery and the Great Britain, and by the United States, in tect them against the competition of free la- slave-trade. the very same year—that is to say, in 1808. bour in our own Asiatic dominions. This is The enormous evils of British slavery, and Any impediments to the progress of population done by imposing on the sugar of India a duty its tendency to obstruct, by the sacrifices rearising from the disproportion of the sexes, or of six shilling a cwt. more than is paid on that quired to support it, the extension of our comfrom other circumstances incident to that traf- of our slave colonies.

mercial intercourse with the world at large, fic, must have been nearly alike in the two The mischievous effects of such a policy are and the advance of happiness and civilization, cases. In 1808 the slaves of the United obvious. Sugar is one of the most generally not only in this but in all lands, have now been States may be computed to have amounted --nay, universally, desired articles of foreign laid before you. Can a single word be necesto 1,130,000, and those of the British West import; and its consumption in this country sary to excite the Electors of Great Britain and Indies to 800,000. In 1830 the slaves of the might be increased three or four fold. And

ight be increased three or four fold. And Ireland to exert every nerve to rid themselves United States amounted to 2,010,436, and yet, so attached are we to slavery that we pre- of the withering influence, on our highest inthose of the British West Indies to 678,527. vent, by this additional impost, the hundred terests, both moral and commercial, of this If, however, the British slaves had increased millions of our fellow-subjects in the East scourge of humanity--this foul stain on our at the same rate with the American slaves, from supplying us with this article at a cheaper national character? It is now in your power, their number, in 1830, instead of being only rate, in payment of our manufactures, which for the first time, to destroy this gigantic evil, 678,527, would have been 1,423,317, or manufactures they would gladly buy of us if and to save yourselves from its guilt and its cost744,793 more than their actual amount. we would take their sugar in return. And liness; and while, by doing so, you will largely There has, therefore, been, in the twenty-two | how desirable is it to encourage such a benefit your own country, you will be conferyears, from 1808 to 1830, a waste of slave life | vent for our industry! At the rate of even a ring blessings, in other countries, on millions in the British West Indies, as compared with shilling a head, our Indian population would yet unborn, and may even hope to be instruits increase in the United States, of nearly consume five millions' worth of our manufac- mental in terminating both slavery and the 745,000 human beings.*

tures; and, by giving employment to our slave-trade throughout the world. If this statement be even a distant approxi workmen to that extent, and thus raising their Be persuaded, therefore, Electors, to rise to mation to the truth (and there appears no wages, far more good would be done than if | the full appreciation of the high and sacred ground on which to impeach its general cor- the same money were given away among obligations which attach to you in the exercise rectness), can it be denied that British colonial them. In short, the benefits to be derived of your newly-acquired franchises obligations slavery is one of the severest calamities which | from removing restrictions from trade in every which you cannot overlook without guilt. By now afflict humanity ? And even this heavy | direction are incalculable; but in no direction means of the representatives of your choice, accusation, supported as it is by such irre-are such restrictions more injurious to our own

you may put an immediate extinguisher on fragable proof of the murderous tendency of interests, and more destructive of human hap- this expensive national crime. Assert, then, that wretched system, would be aggravated by / piness at home and abroad, than when em- | your right to deliver yourselves from its maliga view of its demoralizing effects on both the ployed to bolster up the cruel and impolitic nant influence, and to extend the bloodless slave and his master, and of its admitted in- system of slavery.

and unfettered range of your commercial incompatibility with the progress of Christianity It has been shown that the destruction of tercourse into every corner of the habitable in the slave colonies. But on this point, also, human life in our slave colonies, during the

globe. If you thus act, you will see the want the public mind is now abundantly satisfied. twenty-two years from 1808 to 1830, has of employment, and the distress consequent The demolition of the houses of God in Ja amounted to about 745,000 of our fellow-upon it, of which so many now complain, vamaica, and the persecution of the Christian creatures. If these, instead of being thus | nish by degrees from your sight; while your missionaries and their negro converts, which wasted by the rigours of slavery, had, by a growing prosperity, founded on the basis of still rages there, render it unnecessary to dwell more lenient treatment, been added to the humanity and justice, will shed the blessings on that subject.

existing population, we should now, probably, of light, liberty, and improvement, not only on These circumstances of crime and cruelty be receiving from their labour 400,000 or the population of the British empire, but on will greatly aggravate your guilt, if baving, as | 450,000 tons of sugar, instead of our present the whole family of man. electors, the power of putting an end to this supply of 200,000. Sugar would thus be so | That such may be one of the first-fruits of a enormity, you suffer its existence to be pro- | much rednced in price, and the duties upon it | Reform in the Commons' House of Parlialonged. But yet these evils are wholly dis- might also be so much lowered, as to bring it

ment, is the earnest prayer of tinct from those PECUNIARY and COMMERCIAL within the reach of our whole population.

A BROTHER ELECTOR. SACRIFICES to which this address is intended Such an effect, in regard to cotton, has folespecially to point your attention.—To glance lowed the increase of population in the United at some of them :

States. The import, thence, of that article The people of this country are now paying, into Great Britain has increased about fourto the growers of sugar by slaves, a bounty on fold in the last fifteen or sixteen years, while

TRANSLATION OF its export of upwards of five shillings a cwt., its price has fallen to a third of its former rate

MARTIAL'S EPIGRAM ON LIBERTY. by which bounty the price of the article is that is, from Is. 6d. to 6d. a pound-thus it raised to the same extent in the home market. has greatly lowered the cost, while it has en- Would you be free! 'Tis your chief wish, you The tax thus levied on the British consumer larged the manufacture and consumption, of

say: amounts to more than a million pounds ster-that now indispensable necessary of life.

Come on, I'll show thee, friend, the certain way. ling a year, and it is paid in direct support of It might further be shown, that not only

If to no feasts abroad thou lov'st to go,

Whilst bounteous God does bread at home bestow; that system of slavery which, as has been would trade and shipping be benefited, in an

If thou the goodness of thy clothes dost prize shown, produces such disastrous effects. It almost incalculable measure, by the abolition

By thine own use, and not by other's eyes ; of slavery, and of all those commercial restricoperates, in fact, as an indemnity to the slave- of slavery, and of all those commercial restric If (only safe from weathers) thou can'st dwell holder for the enormous waste of negro life he tions by which slavery is upheld, but that still

In a small house, but a convenient shell ; more important results might be expected to If thou, without a sigh, or golden wish,

follow. The competition of free labour in our canst look upon thy beechen bowl and dish; See. for farther details on this subject, the | Indian doininions has gradually compelled the If in thy mind such power and greatness be, "Anti-Slavery Reporter," Nos. 97 and 1oo. slave-holders, all over the world, to abandon to 'The Persian king's a slave compared with thee.

On each side of this egg she places another, glass, I found them floating as before upon THE TOURIST. all which adhere firmly together by means of their bottoms, and not a drop of water within

their glue, and form a triangular figure thus, their cavity.” We have repeatedly pushed MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1832.

*, which is the stem

of the unft
of the raft. She pro-

Shen them to the bottom of a glass of water ; but ceeds in the same manner to add egg after egg |

they always came up immediately to the surWe beg to direct the special attention in a vertical (not a horizontal) position, care

face, apparently unwetted.-Lardner's Cabinet

Cyclopædia. of our readers to the address “ To the fully regulating the shape by her crossed legs; Electors of Great Britain and Ireland," and, as her raft increases in magnitude, she contained in our present number. It pushes the whole gradually to a greater dis

tance, and, when she has about half finished, contains 'as important and perspicuous

ART AND NATURE, she uncrosses her legs and places them paralstatements, and as cogent arguments, | lel, the angle being no longer necessary for O how much sweeter is it to me to recal to with relation to the abolition of slavery, shaping the boat. Each raft consists of from my mind the walks and the sports of my happy as we remember ever to have seen. It is, | 250 to 350 eggs, whiclı, when all laid, float on childhood, than the pomp and the splendour moreover. particularly appropriate to the the water, secure from sinking, and are finally of the palaces I have since inhabited! All present time. when the constituency of abandoned by the mother. They are hatched these courts, once so brilliant, are now faded! the kingdom are expecting shortly to ex

ev in a few days, the grubs issuing from the lower | All the projects which were then built with so

end; but the boat, now composed of the empty much confidence are become chimeras! The ercise (and many of them for the first

shells, continues to float till it is destroyed by impenetrable future has cheated alike the setime) the most important and responsible the weather

curity of princes and the ambition of courtiers ! function that can devolve upon them Kirby justly describes this little vessel as re- Versailles is dropping into ruin; the delicious in their political capacity. The public sembling a London wherry, being sharp and gardens of Chantilly, of Villers-Coterets, of mind has been too long misled by the higher, as sailors say, fore and aft, convex beSceaux, of the Isle-Adam, are destroyed! I false statements and the equally dishonest low and concave above, and always floating on should now look in vain for the vestiges of omissions of the party interested in the its keel., "The most violent agitation of the that fragile grandeur which

water,” he adds, “cannot sink it; and, what there : but I should find the banks of the Loire perpetuation of slavery. It is now high

is more extraordinary, and a property still a as smiling as ever, the meadows of St. Aubin time that the delusion should be exposed

desideratum in our life-boats, though hollow, as full of violets and lilies of the valley, and and discarded, and that Englishmen it never becomes filled with water, even though its woods loftier and fairer ! There are no vishould (though late) yield their honest exposed. To put this to the test, I placed cissitudes for the eternal beauties of nature ; attention to a subiect which addresses | half a dozen of these boats upon the surface and while, amidst blood-stained revolutions.

con custoin of a tumbler half full of water: I then poured them in every relation they can sustain

palaces, marble columns, statues of bronze, inh , upon them a stream of that element from the and even cities themselves, disappear, the simas husbands, as fathers, as friends; which

mouth of a quart bottle held a foot above ple flowers of the field, regardless of the appeals, in short, with equal force, to

them. Yet, after this treatment, which was so storm, grow into beauty, and multiply for their principle, their benevolence, and rough as actually to project one out of the ever.Madame de Genlis. their selfishness.

We take this opportunity of stating that a series of articles will shortly appear in the Tourist, upon THE SAFETY OF INMEDIATE EMANCIPATION.



GNAT. The most singular disposal of eggs with which we are acquainted in the economy of insects is exemplified in the common gnat. (Culex pipiens, Linn.) It is admirably described by Réaumur, though it seems first to have been discovered by Langallo, who mentions it in a letter addressed to Redi, printed at Florence in 1769; and by Alloa, who actually saw the eggs laid, and afterwards sketched a figure of them. Those who wish to witness this singular operation must repair before five or six o'clock in the morning to a pond or a bucket of stagnant water frequented by gnats; when Réaumur went later in the day he was always disappointed.

LAUNCESTON CASTLE, CORNWALL. The problem of the gnat is to construct a boat-shaped raft, which will foat, of eggs

| The above represents the ruins of one parliamentary war. It was at first in the heavy enough to sink in water, if dropped into of the most ancient castles in the coun- hands of the parliament, and under the it one by one. The eggs are nearly of the try. It is situated on the summit of a governorship of Sir Richard Buller, who, pyramidal form of a pocket gunpowder flask, hill, on a high, conical, rocky mount, on the approach of Sir Ralph Hopton rather pointed at the upper, and broad at the partly natural and partly'artificial. the partly natural and partly artificial. It is with the king's forces, quitted the town

It is with the king's forces au under end, with a projection like the mouth of

of such antiquity as to defy the efforts of and fled. In 1643 Sir Ralph was ata bottle. The first operation of the mother gnat is to fix herself by the fore-legs to the side of a |

side of the curious to ascertain who were its tacked by Major-General Chudleigh, bucket or upon a floating leaf, with her bodyslevel founders, or what was the precise date of without success. In August, 1644, the with and resting upon the surface of the water, its foundation. One of the earliest no- place was surrendered to the Earl of Es. excepting the last ring of the tail, which is a tices of it which we find is in the reign of sex, but fell into the hands of the royallittle raised; she then crosses her two hind-legs King John, who constituted Hubert de ists again after the capitulation of the in form of an X, the inner opening of which

Burgh governor of it, a person of consi- earl's arıy. In the time of the Common

Buro is intended to form the scaffolding of her structure. She accordingly brings the inner angle derable possessions in Cornwall.

wealth, the castle and park, being put up of her crossed legs close to the raised part of

of From its strong position, and its situa- to sale by the government, were purchased her body, and places in it an egg. covered, astion at the entrance of the county, this by Robert Bennet, Esq., but on the Reis usual among insects, with a glutinous fluid.'castle was an important post during the storation they reverted to the crown.

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