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distance of time that was the religion THE SPANISH BULL FIGHT. I rage of the deceived animal is exhausted. which they feel to be the religion still ; At the head of the entertainments that belong,
Sometimes he is not thus arrested, and the if undilapidated, and continuing in its sa- most exclusively, to the Spanish nation, must be
combatant has no other resource but to leap cred use, overawes their minds with the placed a spectacle for which it still has a most
over the railing, which is six feet high, and mysterious solemnities of its unviolated unbounded attachment, whilst it is repugnant
encloses the arena. If this does not happen, sanctuary; while the sculptured shapes to the delicacy of the rest of Europe-[ mean
which is very seldom, he remains in his place. the bull fights. and actions of divinities, overspreading
The overthrown horseman has had time to get The arena is a kind of circus, round which are placed a score of seats, one
up again. He remounts, if his horse is not the exterior of the structure, have nothing, 8: above another, the highest of which, only, is
too much wounded, and the combat begins in their impotent and monstrous device covered; the boxes are in the upper part of
anew; but he is often obliged to change horses and clumsy execution, to abate the reve- the building. In some towns which have not
several times. I have seen eight or ten horses rence of Hindoo devotion toward the ob- places spaciously appropriated for these com
torn, and their bellies ripped open, fall and jects expressed in this visible language. bats, the principal square is used for the fight.
expire on the field of battle. Sometimes these
horses—affecting models of patience of courage, The missionary, if an acute observer, | The entertainment begins with a kind of promight perceive how rays of malignant in
of docility-present a spectacle at which it may menade round the arena, where appear on horseback, as well as on foot, the athletic
be allowable to shudder. You see them tread Auence strike from such objects upon the heroes who are to be matched with the furious
under their feet their own bloody entrails, faculties of his auditors, to be as it were animals, all dressed in the elegance of Spanish
hanging out of their sides, and still obey for reflected in their looks of disbelief and costume. The picadores wear a round hat,
some time the hand that guides them. Disdisdain, upon the preacher of the new | half covered with a short cloak, of which the
gust at this period overpowers every sensation doctrine. What a strength of guardian- sleeves float loose in the air: they are seated
of pleasure in the minds of spectators of sen
sibility. ship is thus arrayed in the very senses of in the saddle, and have, instead of boots, only
But another act is preparing. When it is the pagan, for the fables, lying doctrines. I gaiters, made of white leather ; those on foot | wear a dress very similar, but more costly: both:
judged that the bull is sufficiently tormented and immoral principles, established in his , als have a short waistcoat of silk of a bright colour,
by the horsemen, they retire, and deliver him faith! trimmed with ribbons, a scarf of the same
to the barbarous teasings of those on foot. “Or we may suppose the protester in the colour, and their hair put in a large net of
These go before the animal, and, at the moname of the true God to be led to the silk. When this promenade is over, one or
ment he rushes upon them, plunge in his neck scene of one of the grand periodical cele- two alguazils, on horseback, dressed in a black
a species of arrows, called tanderillas, termi
nating in a barb, and ornamented with little brations of the extraordinary rites of ido- robe and a wig, advance gravely, and ask of
of Locer latry. There, as at the temple of Jagger-11
of streams of coloured paper. The fury of the him who presides at the festival the order for
heginning it. naut, contemplating the effect of an in- .
1.1 bull increases; he roars, is agitated, and his The signal is immediately 1 given: the animal, which has hitherto been
vain efforts serve only to render his pains more tense fanaticism, glowing through an al- | kept in a kind of shed, the door of which
I poignant. When the vigour of the bull apmost infinite crowd, he may perceive that opens into the arena, appears.
| pears nearly exhausted, and the impatience of each individual mind is the more fitted, The bull is received and stunned by their cries
the people calls for another victim, the presiby being heated in this infernal furnace, and the noisy expression of theirjoy. He has im
dent then gives the signal of death. The
| matador advances and reigns alone in the to harden in a more decided form. and mediately to defend himself against the combatants on horseback (called picadores), who attack
arena ; in one hand he holds a long sword, stamp of idolatry, as it cools. “ The very riches of nature, the con
| and in the other a kind of banner, which he him with a long lance. This exercise, which con- requires at once address, courage, and strength,
waves before his adversary. They are now formations and productions of the ele- has nothing disgraceful in it: formerly the
face to face-they stop- they look at one ments, co-operate in this mighty tyranny first grandees did not disdain to partake of it.
another. The matador several times deceives over the mind by occupancy of the senses. The picadores open the scene—often the ball,
| the impetuosity of the bull, and the suspended Divinity, while degraded in human con- without being provoked, fries at them—and plea
1 pleasure of the spectators becomes more lively.
| The bull in this situation—the matador calcuception of it. in being diffused through every body augurs favourably of his valour. I these obiecte comes at the same time. If, in spite of the weapon which repulsed his
lating his movements, and divining his purwith a more immediate impression of pre-l char
attack, he return again immediately to the poses--form a picture which a masterly pencil of pre-charge, the cries redouble; but if the bull, in a
could not disdain. The matador at last strikes sence, when flowers, trees, animals, rivers, pacific confounded manner, sneaks round the
the mortal blow; and, if the animal falls inpresent themselves, not as effects and il- place, the murmurs and hissings fill the whole
stantly, thousands of cries celebrate the trilustrations, but often as substantial par- edifice. If nothing can excite his courage,
umph of the conqueror ; but, if the bull sur
vives, the murinurs are no less tumultuous. ticipants, or at least sacred vehicles, of he is judged unworthy to be tormented by
The torreador, whose glory was about to be that sublimest existence, and the whole men, and the cries of “The dogs, the dogs,"
redouble, and his enemies increase-enorsurrounding physical world is one vast
| raised to the skies, is now no more than a mous large dogs are let loose on him, whó
bungling butcher. He soon takes revenge, mythology, an omnipresent fallacy. In get hold of his neck and ears—the dogs
and at last strikes a more fatal blow; the praying that the region may be cleared are thrown into the air ; they get up again,
animal vomits streams of blood, struggles with of idol gods, the missionary might feel recommence the combat, and finish, in com
death, totters, and falls, and his conqueror is the question suggested, whether he is not mon, by dragging their antagonist to the
inebriated with applause. Three mules, or
namented with hells and streamers, finish the repeating Elijah's prayer for the withhold- ground, where he perishes by an ignoble blow: ing of rain, which would certainly do
scene. The bull is fastened by those horns but, if he conducts himself according to the
that showed his valour, the furious and noble much toward vacating the pantheon, by wishes of the spectators, he runs a more glori.
animal is dragged out of the arena, and leaves the destruction of the flowers, trees, ani
ous, but more painful, career. The first act in
no trace behind him but his blood and a faint mals, and streams.” horseback-these are the most animated, the
remembrance, which is soon obliterated by the most bloody, and often the most disgusting
| sight of his successor. - Bourgoin's Spain. ANTIDOTES TO POISONS.
scenes. The animal being irritated, braves the “ WHAT signifies philosophy that does not iron that has deeply wounder him, flies on apply to some use?" inquires the most prac- the innocent horse that carries his enemy,
THOUGHTS. tical of philosophers, Franklin. One of the tears his sides, and throws him and his rider most obvious, as well as most important, ap- to the ground, who, in this crisis, would run
Hast thou seen, with flash incessant, plications of scientific discovery is, the study great risk, if the combatants on foot, called
Bubbles gliding under ice, of the uses and antidotes of poisonous sub-chulos, did not distract and provoke the bull,
Bodied forth, and evanescent, stances. Mr. John Murray has been engaged by holding before him some stuffs of different
No one knows by what device? in making some experiments on vegetable colours : but it is at their own hazard they Such are thoughts—a wind-swept meadow, poisons, which have led to important results; save the riders. Sometimes the bull pursues Mimicking a troubled sea; and will probably be followed by others of them; they have then need of all their agility; Such is life--and death a shadow equal value: these we shall endeavour to lay they escape by dropping some pieces of stuff,
From the rock eternity! before our readers as they become known to us. which are their only arms, and upon which the
THE EARTHQUAKE AT PORT-ROYAL. But it returned in a minute or two, and over-1 CHANGE OF CLIMATE.
flowed a great part of the shore. Those who [Mr. Wesley, in his “Survey of the Wisdom of escaped from the town got on board the ships
So great is the influence of the atmosphere God in Creation; or, Compendium of Natural
in the harbour, where many continued two upon human health and enjoyment, and upon Philosophy,” gives the following account of the great earthquake at Port-Royal in Jamaica, as
months, the shocks all the time being so violent, almost every thing connected with both, that
that they durst not come on shore. The noi- an inquiry into its changes and their causes reported by an eye-witness. ]
some vapours occasioned a general sickness, can never cease to be an object interesting to which swept away three thousand of those that
man: more especially if this inquiry should This earthquake happened on July 7, 1692, were left.
promise him the means of increasing its adjust before noon; and, in the space of two minutes, shook down and drowned nine-tenths
vantages, or of remedying its inconveniences.
The following account of this memorable of the town. The houses sunk outright thirty event is given by the rector of Port-Royal :
As no country in the world is exposed to a or forty fathoms. The earth opened and swal.
“On Wednesday, June 7, I had been reading greater variety of atmospherical changes than lowed up the people in one street, and threw
prayers (which I have read every day since I our own, the subject has been considered by them up in another: some rose in the middle
came to Port-Royal, to keep up some show of us with much attention; and particularly the of the harbour. While the houses on one side
religion among a most ungodly people), and question whether, of late years, the seasons of a street were swallowed up, those on the
was gone to the President of the Council. have not lost much of their original regularity, other side were thrown on heaps. The sand |
We had scarce dined, when I felt the ground and the climate itself suffered a very material in the street, rising like waves in the sea, heave and roll under me. I said, “Sir, what and discouraging deterioration. That certain
alterations produced by human agency on the lifted up every one that stood upon it.
| is this?" He replied, composedly, 'It is an
surface of the earth, such as the destruction of suddenly sinking into pits, the water broke out,
over.'' But it increased more and more: and and rolled them over and over. Sloops and ships
forests, and the drainage and cultivation of the in the harbour were overset, and lost: the
presently we heard the church and the tower soil, will occasion a local change in the disSwan frigate was driven over the tops of many
fall. Upon this we ran to save ourselves : I tricts where such alterations take place, is unhouses. All this was attended with a hollow
quickly lost him, and ran towards Morgan's questionable; and this change, which is generumbling noise. In less than a minute, three
fort: as that was a wide open place, and secure rally beneficial, is often carried forward to a
from the falling of houses. As I ran I saw quarters of the houses, with their inhabitants,
considerable extent, both of influence and terthe earth open, and swallow up multitudes of
ritory. were all sunk under water; and the little part
But the change to which we first which remainod was no better than a heap of
a people, and the sea mounting over the fortifi- / alluded is of a formidable nature, totally inrubbish. The shock threw people down on
cations. I then laid aside all thoughts of escape. | dependent of human power, and calculated to their knees, or their faces, as they ran about J and went homeward to meet death in as good fill the hearts of those who cherish the fear of
it with terror and dismay. a posture as I could. I was forced to go through to look for shelter. Several houses which were
Whether such an left standing were removed some yards out
two or three narrow streets; the houses fell alteration for the worse, of the seasons and the
on each side of me. Some bricks came rolling climate, is really in progress, or is in any meaof their places. One whole street was made twice as broad as before. In many places, the over my shoes, but none hurt me. When I sure probable, is, therefore, of no little moment
with those who are interested, as we are, in the came to my lodging, I found all things in the earth cracked, opened and shut, with a motion quick and fast; and two or three hundred of same order that I left them.
result of its investigation.
I went to the these openings might be seen at a time. In
balcony, and saw that no houses in our street. The only way in which we can arrive at any some of these, people were swallowed up, in
were fallen. The people, seeing me, cried to rational conclusion on this subject is, by a others caught by the middle and pressed to
comparison of the seasons at different periods, me to come and pray with them. When I death. In others the heads of men only apcame into the street, every one laid hold of and, if practicable, at different places also,
within a certain distance. my clothes, and embraced me. I desired them peared, in which condition dogs came and ate
For this purpose to kneel down in a ring, and prayed with them them. Out of some of these openings, whole
we must search the records of history, and
compare the reports of different observers of rivers of water spouted up a prodigious height;
near an hour, till I was almost spent, between and out of all the wells the water flew with a the exercise and the heat of the sun.
atmospheric and metereological phenomena. They
The most important of these phenomena are surprising violence.
then brought me a chair, the earth working all The whole was attended with a noisome stench, and the noise as of fall
the time like the rolling of the sea, insomuch those changes of temperature-those variations ing mountains at a distance; while the sky in
that sometimes while I was at prayers I could of heat and cold--which are productive of a minute's time turned dull and reddish, like hardly keep on my knees. By the time I had such wonderful effects as we have frequently
occasion to notice. been half an hour longer with them, in setting a glowing oven. And yet more houses were
If we had a correct and left standing at Port-Royal, than in all the their sins before them, and exhorting them to
continuous register, for a long series of years, repentance, some merchants came, and desired
of thermometrical observations on temperature, island beside. Scarce a planter's house or
me to go on board one of the ships in the sugar-work was left throughout all Jamaica.
we should be much assisted in our determinaA great part of them was swallowed up; fre
harbour. From the top of some houses, which / tion of this enquiry. But though we have no I lay level with the water, I got into a boat, and
such register of sufficient length, and though quently houses, people, and trees at one gap,
went on board the Siam Merchant. in the room of which there afterwards appear
the thermometer itself, as an instrument to be The day the thermometer itsel
depended upon, has not been known much when this happened was exceeding clear, and ed a large pool of water. This, when dried up, discovered nothing but sand, without any mark
afforded no suspicion of evil. But about half more than a century, yet of the more striking and that house or tree had been there.
remarkable phenomena, such as the freezing | an hour past eleven, in less than three minutes, Two thouPort-Royal, one of the fairest towns in the
of rivers and seas, the prevalence of moisture sand people lost their lives : had it been in
English plantations, was shattered in pieces, the night, few would have escaped. A thou
and drought, we have accounts, for a long time sand acres of land were sunk: one plantation
back, sufficiently ample and explicit to enable and left a dreadful monument of the justice of was removed half a mile from its place. Yet God.”
us to form an opinion on the question now the shocks were most violent among the moun
About ten years after the town was rebuilt,
before us. tains. Not far from Yall-house, part of a
a terrible fire laid it in ashes. Yet they remountain, after it had made several leaps, over
10. | built it once more. But in the year 1722, a whelmed a whole family, and great part of a hurricane reduced it a third time to a heap of
TO THE EDITOR OF THE TOURIST. plantation, though a mile distant.
rubbish. Warned by these extraordinary cala
A large mountain near Port Morant, about a day's
mities, which seemed to mark it out as a dejourney over, was quite swallowed up, and, in voted spot, they removed the public offices from
It has been very much the fashion the place where it stood, remained a lake, four
thence, and forbade any market to be held amongst people professing an extra portion of or five leagues over. Vast pieces of mountains, | there for the future.
zeal for religion, to stigmatize the present mi
nisters as men, not only indifferent to the with all the trees thereon, falling together in
cause of religion, but as in some degree ina confused manner, stopped up most of the
imical to it. But, Sir, I put it to your canrivers, till, swelling abroad, they made them
dour, whether instructions like the following, selves new channels, tearing up every thing | Dr. South had a dispute with Dr. Sherlock, conveyed in an official dispatch from a Secrethat opposed their passage, carrying with them on some subject of divinity. Sherlock accused | tary of State to the Governors of Colonies, are into the sea such prodigious quantities of tim- | him of making use of wit in the controversy ;' not calculated more to forward the cause of reber that they seemed like moving islands. In South in his reply observed, that had it pleased | ligion than the cant and hypocrisy of all those Liquania, the sea, retiring from the land, left God to have made him (Dr. Sherlock) a wit, he who have joined in the malignant cry above the ground dry for two or three hundred yards. I wished to know what he would have done, alluded to.
FAMILIES TURNISHING may effect an
The following extract is taken from a dis- i Abingdon, T. Duffield Liverpool, Lord Sandon Newport, Jolin H. Hawkins i Sussex, East Division, Her.
Aylesbury, Col. Harmer Lymington, John Stewart Ditto (Isle of Wight), Wm.l bert Curteis patch from Lord Goderich to the Governor of Boston, J. S. Brownrigg Middlesex, Joseph Hume
Tiverton, Mr. Kennedy Sierra Leone, dated Downing-street, 18th of Beverley, Mr. Winn
Newark, W. E. Gladstone Oxford, W. H. Hughes Tewkesbury, John Martin
Berksbire, P. Pasey | Orford, Spencer Kilderbee Plymouth, Thomas Bewes Ditto, C. Hanbury Tracey January, 1832; and laid before Parliament Buckinghamshire, Marquis Penryn, J. W. Freshfield Ditto, G. Collier
Thirsk, R. Gibson Jast session, numbered 364 : .
Rochester, Ralph Bernal Potteries, Josiah Wedge- Tower' Hamlets, Dr. Lush
Cainbridgeshire, Capt.Yurke Speaking of certain African superstitious
Reading, C. Russell
Truro, W. Tooke rites, his Lordship says, “Those superstitions Chatham, Col. Maberly
Poole, Sir John Byng Warwick, John Tomes will yield to the benign influence of Chris-Clitheroe, J. Irving
Suffolk, Eastern Division, Ditto, Mr. Lester
Warrington, Mr. Hornby
R. N. Shaw
Ditto, E. B. King tianity; but may, otherwise, be regarded as
Dover, Sir John Rae Reid Ditto, ditto, Archdeckne Ripon, T. K. Stavely Weymouth, T. F. Buston invincible. If any new motive were wanting Dumfries, Keith Douglas Ditto, Western Division, Ditto, J. S. Crompton Whitby, Richard Moorsom
Essex, North, A. Baring to stimulate the wish of His Majesty's Govern
Rochdale, John Fenton Wigan, Mr. Thieknesse Eye, Wm. Burge
Sandwich, J. Marryatt. Rochester, Job Mills Wilts, North Division, Paul ment for the diffusion of Christian Know Frome, Sir T. Champneys Somersetshire, Eastern Divi. Rye, Col. De Lacy Evans Methuen ledge amongst this body of people, that motive Glasgow, J. Dixon
sion, William Miles
Reading, C. F. Palmer Worcester, Eastern Division, Ditto, D, K. Sandford Sunderland, Ald. Thompson Somersetshire, East Division, W. C. Russell would be found in the intimate connexion Gloucester, W. T. Hope Ditto, David Barclay
W. B. Brigstock
Ditto, ditto, T. F. Cookes which subsists, in their case, between the er Gloucestershire, Eastern Di- St. Alban's, H. G. Ward Sonthwark, L. B. Allen Wycombe, Colonel Grey
vision, C. W. Codrington Tewkesbury, W. Dowdeswell Sussex, Lord G. Lennox rors of Heathenism and the extension of the
| Diito, Robert Smith Hereford, R. Blakemore Totness, T. P. Courtenay Surrey, East Division, A.W. Warwick, North Division, Slave Trade. I cannot, therefore, too earnestly Honiton, Lord Villiers Tower Hamlets, Mr. Clay Beauclerck
Sir G. Chetwynd recommend to your support and countenance, High Wycombe, D'Israeli Ditto, F. Marryalt
Salford, J. Brotherton Ditto, D. Hemming, Esq. Hull, Daniel Carruthers Tyoemonth, Frederic Young Ditto, Jeremiab Garnett Ditto, Sir R. Wilmot not only the clergy of the Established Church, I
Hythe, S. Majoribanks Wolverhampton, F. Dwarris Sheffield, J. S. Buckingham Wight, Isle of, Sir R. Sibut the various Missionaries whom the zeal of Jedburgh, Sir Adolplius Dal. Whitby, Aaron Chapman Somerset, Eastern Division, meon, Bart.
Gore Langton different classes of Christians in this country
Walsal, G. B. Attwoor!
Ditto, West Division, A. Wolverhampton, R Pryer has engaged, and is now supporting, in the The Cornmittee see no reason at prevent to remove any Sanford
Ditto, W. W. W bitmore work of converting and instructing the liber of the above names from this Scherlule, and particularly | South Shields. W. Gou
Yorkshire, North Riding, M. caution their friends not to be misled by any General Anti St. Albans, Sir F. Vincent | Stapyton, J. C. Ramsden ated Africans. You will encourage their ef- Slave Slavery professions.
Sadbury, M. A. Taylor Ditto, ditio, - Cayley, Esq. forts by all personal kindness and attention
Surrey, J. I. Briscoe
SCHEDULE B which it may be in your power to bestow.
| is intended to contain the names of those Gentlemen who | FOR FENDERS FIRE TRONS, KNIVES, &c. offer doubtful or indefinite promises; but, as it is probable DAMILIE
NISHING your counsels, without, of course, assuming that some of them have not yet fully made up their minds
I immense SAVING, by making their purchases, for any spiritual authority over them; and, if inon the subject, this Schedule will not be advertised for the
Ready Money, at present.
RIPPON'S OLD ESTABLISHED CHEAP FURstances should occur of those infirmities of tem
NISHING IRONMONGERY WAREHOUSE, per and judgment to which, in common with
63, Castle-street Kast, Oxford Market, all other men, they must be subject, you will, containing the names of those whom the Committee re
(At the corner of Castle-street and Wells-street.) commend with perfect confidence to the support of all where every article sold is warranted sood, and exchangeel I am persuaded, feel that kindness and for
Electors who concur in desiring Iinmediate Abolition. if not approved of. 29 . bearance are better calculated than any other Abingdon, Thomas Bowles Derbyshire, T. Gisborne
Tea Urn, 30s.; Plated Candlesticks, with Silver Mount
inge, 12s. per pair; Ivory-handled (val-riinmed Table methods to correct those errors which may be Anstruther, Andrew Johnston Devonport, Sir G Grey Ashton-under-Line, C. Hind- Ditto, G. Leach
Knives and Forks, 40s. the set of 50 pieces; Fashionable found in alliance with honest zeal and upright
Derbyshire, Hon. G.T. Ver
Iron Fenders-Black, 18s., Bronzed, 21s.; Brass Fenders, intentions. Although it is far from my pur Aylesbury, T. B. Hobhouse non
10s.; Green Fenders, with Brass Tops, 2s.; Fire Irons, 2s. Banbury. Mr H. J. Pye pose to attribute to you any improper conduct or
Dover, Cap. R. H. Stanhope
per set ; Polished Steel Fire Irons, 4s. 6d. per sét; Brass Bath, J. A. Roebuck Durham, South Division,
Fire Furniture, 5s, 6d. per sét; Block-tin Dish Covers, demeanour towards the various Missionaries at Bedfordshire, Sir Peter Joseph Pease, Jun.
89 6d. per set ; Copper Tea Kettles, to hold one gallon, Sierra Leone, yet it has not escaped my attention
78.; Buttle Jacks, 8s. 61. ; Copper Warminy Pans, O.; Essex, South Division, T. B. . Payne Bedford, Samuel Crawley
-Brass Candlesticks, 1s. 40. per pair: Britannia-metal Tea that you appear to regard them with a degree Berkshire, R. Throckmorton Dillo, North Division, T.
Pots, Is. 41, each ; Japanned Tea Trays, ls. ;, Waiters, of distrust, if not of suspicion, which is emi Ditto, J. Walter
25.; Bread Trays, 3d.; Japanned Chamber Candlesticks,
with Suffers and Extinguisher, 01.; Snuffers and Tray, nently unfavourable to the growth of those 1 Beverley, Mr. Langdale Finsbury, Mr. Wakley
601.: Black-handled Steel Table Knives and Forks, 2s. 91. Ditto, Mr. Borton
Glamorgan, J. H Vivian
the half-dozen. Copper Coal Scoops, 108. a newly in
vented Utensil for cooking Potatoes, superior to those sist between them and the Governor of the Co.
Glasgow, Jon Douglas
boiled, steamed, or roasted, price 53., 69 , am 7s.; Copper, lony. It is on that account that I have thought Bolton, Colonel Torrens Ditto, Joan Puilpots
Iron, and Tin Saucepans and Stewpans, together with it right to press the preceding remarks on your Ditto, John Ashton Yates Gloucester, Eastein Division,
every article in the above line, cheaper than any other Boston, John Wilks . Henry Morton
House in London.' attention.”
J.Ditto, Major Handley
For Ready Money.only. '
Gloucester, West Division,
TOR the CURE of COUGHS, COLDS, ments, which are equally honourable to the Ditto, - Harry
1.' Grantley, F. B-rkeley
T ASTHMAS, SHORTNESS of BREATH,&c. &c. Bridport, Henry Warburton | Greenwich, Cap. Dandas "head and the heart of the noble writer, I trust Ditto, John Ruinilly
Ditto, Mr. E. Barnard
WALTER'S ANISEED PILLS:-The numerous and
, you will contribute by inserting them in the Brighton, Isane N. Wigney Hastings, H. Elphinstoje
respectable Testimonials daily received of the extraordiDitto, George Faithful Tourist.
nary efficacy of the above Pills, in curing the most disHereturilshire, Kedywin Bristol, Edw. Prutheroe
tressing and long-established diseases of the pulmonary and I am, Sir,
Bucks, John Smith
respiratory organs, induce the Proprietor to recommend Ditto, George Dashwood ' Ditto, T'. S. Doncoinbe
"them to the notice of those afflicted with the above comBury, Lancashire, R. Walker | Hertfordshire, R. Alsion
plaints, conceiving that a Medicine which has now stood Ditio, E. Grundy : Honiton, James R. Tudd
the test of experience for several years canmt be too gene
They are composed entirely of balsamic
and vegetable ingredients, and are so speedy in their beneDitto, H. J. Adeane Ditto, Mr. Hitt
ficial effects, that in ordinary cases a few doses have been Carmarthen, W. H. Yelver Ipswich, 1. Morrison
found sufficient; and, unlike most Congl Medicines, they COLONIAL SLAVERY.
Kent, Western Division, T.
'neither affect the head, confine the bowels, nor proluce Ditto, E. H. Adams
L. Hodges .
any of the unpleasant' sensation's so frequently coniplamed GREAT misconception having been fonnd to prevail as to Chatham, Erskine Perry Dirto, ditto, T. Rider
of. The following cases are submitted to the Public frorn the object of the ANTI-SLAVERY PARTY, the AGENCY Cheshire, East Division,.F. Ditto, Eastern Division, J.
many in the Proprietor's possession :-K. Boke, of. GlobeSOCIETY consider it right, at the present crisis, again to
lane, Mile-end, was perfectly cured of a violent cough, declare, for the information of Candidates and Electors, Ditto, ditto, H. Marshland Kerry, Daniel O'Connell
attended with hoarseness, whicb rendered his speech inatthroughout the kingdom, that their SOLE OBJECT is in Ditto, ditto, E.D. Devenport London, Sir John Key :
dible, by taking three or four doses. E. Bouley, of Queenmediately to substitute Judicial for the Private and IrreChichester, Lord A Lennox Ditto, Matthew Wiadi
street, Spitalfields, after taking a few doses, was entirely sponsible Authority now exercised over 830,009 of their Clare, Maurice O'Connell Diito, George Grote
cured of a most inveterate cooyli, which he had had for fellow-creatures, and to obtain for them an equal enjoy. Colchester, R. Sanderson Lyme Regis, Melville
many months, and tried alinust every thing without sucment of civil rights with free-born subjects of Great Bri| Ditto, D. W. Harvey Lynn Kings, Lurd W. P.
Cess. Prepared by W. Walter, and sold by I. A. Shartain.
Ditto, Wm. Mayhew
wood, No. 65, Bisliopsgate Without, in boxes, at Is. 141. The first of the following Schedules contains the names
Cork, D. Callaghan
and three in one for 2s. 9d.; and by appointinen!, by Hanof those Gentlemen who are either members of the existing Coventry, E, L. Bulwer Leeds, T. B. Macauley
nay and Co., No 63, Oxford-street: Green, No, 42, WhiteParliament, or reported to be Candidates for the next, and
Ditto, E. Elice
chapel-rpád; Prout, No. 226, Strand; Sharp, Cross-street, whose past conduct or present professions, or admitted perCornwall, S. E. Division, Dawson . . ,
Islington; Pink, No. 65, High-street, Borongh; Allisori, sonalinterest in the question, leaves the Agency Anti-Slavery
Sir W. Molesworth Leicester, William Evans
No. 130, Brick lane, Bethnal green; Farrar, Upton-place, Committee without hope that they will snpport the reasonDitto, Ditto, C. S. Trelawney Ditto, Wynn Ellis
Commercial-road; Hendeboluck, 320, Holborn; and by -able object above described. This Schedule contains, as a Cumberland, East Division, Lincoln, Sonth Division,
all the wholesale and retail Medicine Vorders in the United matter of course, all who are known to be Slave Proprie
Kingilom. N.B. In consequence of the increased dentand tors. The third Schedule contains the names of those Gentle.
for this excellent Medicine, the Publie are cautioned. Denbighshire Boroughs, John Louth, R. L. Sheil . Madocks .
against Counterfeits-none can be genuine unless signed by
Lymington, John Blackiston men whom the Committee recommend with perfect conDitto, Robert M. Biddulph Manchester, Mark Phillips
I, A. Sharwood on the Government Stamp, and W. Walter fidence to the support of all Electors who concur in de.
Derby, Ed, Stratt
| on the outside wrapper,- Be sure to ask for." Walæer's siring Immediate Abolition.' Ditto, Colonel Cavendish Maidstonc, C. J. Barnett
| Aniseed Pills."
Printed by J. Haddon and Co.; and Published
Newark, Serjeant Wilde containing the names of those of whom the Agency Anti- | Ditto,ditto, Lord Waterpark Ditto. W. F. Handley
by J. Crist, at No. 27, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Slavery Committee are without hope that they will sup-Ditte, North Division, Lord Newcastle-under-line', E.
| Row, where all Advertisements and Communiport Immediate Abolition as above defined,
1 cations for the Editor are to be addressed.
Your obedient servant,
Sketch Book of the Times.
The above engraving represents an en- , this done, by the mere voice. When ner. It was at Boudja, a village (a few campment of Arabs, of which some fur- they rest for the night, they generally miles from Smyrna) where many of the ther ideas may be formed from the fol- kneel down in a circle—it is rarely con- Franks have their country houses. I was lowing description of a similar scene in sidered necessary to tie one of their fore- hurrying home, on a very dark night, Asia Minor, ` from Mr. Mac Farlane, legs, at the bend of the knee. They al | at the entrance of the village, and, in the published in the Library of Entertaining ways repose on their knees; and a cu shadow of a garden wall, I stumbled over Knowledge.
rious thing in relation to their natural something, which proved to be a young “On their journeys, the devidjis al- | habits is, that I never saw one of them camel (they accompany their dams on ways choose, for halting-places, spots that throw himself, even for a moment, on his their journeys almost as soon as they are abound in bushes or brakes, where such side. During the night's rest, the di- | born), and going forward, I stumbled are to be found; the camels are left at vidjis generally sleep in the midst of the again over a sack, and fell headlong liberty to browse, and their drivers smoke circle formed by the recumbent camels; through an opening of the “ domestic their pipes or go to sleep. There is no if it be a rainy winter night, they will circle” into the midst of it, and upon danger of the camels escaping, or wan- pitch a little tent; but (in this genial cli- the sleeping dividjis. I suppose they were dering to any distance; they keep close mate I speak of, Asia Minor) they nearly surprised at the intrusion, but both men to the spot where they are set at liberty, always repose, like their quiet beasts, in and beasts were very civil—the latter, inand can be rallied and formed in line in the open air. I once invaded a primitive deed, never moved, and seemed as passive a moment. I have more than once seen | dormitory of this sort, in a curious man- | as if I had been falling over roots of trees."
In connexion with the foregoing de- f water. This facility of abstaining from enough to deal with the inference thus covertly scription, some notice of the natural his-drink is not an effect of habit alone, but in
but intended when the distinction is broadly stated;
namely, that the whites are, under all circumtory and habits of the camel may not be is rather dependant on their physical
stances, orderly, moral, and industrious. unacceptable to the reader.
I will prove that free blacks, under every This class of animals is divided into which are common to ruminating animals, variety of condition, are able and willing to two principal species; the dromedary, or the camel is provided with a fifth bag,
exercise the qualities of social life :
Ist. With respect to the manumitted slaves in Arabian camel, distinguished by one which serves as a reservoir for water. This
our colonies; bunch or protuberance on its back, and fifth stomach is peculiar to the camel. It 2nd. With respect to the maroons, or descendthe Bactrian camel, which has two, but is so large as to contain a vast quantity ants of rupaway slaves; is in other respects like the former. Asia of water, which remains in it without cor
3rd. With respect to the emancipated slaves of
Hayti, Mexico, &c. is, no doubt, their original country, and rupting or mingling with the other ali
4th. With respect to the native Africans. here we have mention made of them, in ments. When the animal is pressed with 1 ist. In our West India Colonies there are the Sacred Writings, at a very early pe- thirst, or has need of Auid to macerate its about 100,000 free persons of colour, who are riod. The remarkable adaptation of their dry food, it causes a part of the con
either manumitted slaves, or the descendants of
such. In some of the islands there is not a single physical structure to the peculiarities of tents of this reservoir to rise into the up
instance of these people having any relief from climate and soil in their native regions, | per apartments of the stomach, and even the public, and, throughout the whole, the numand their great docility and power of en- | as high as the throat, by the simple con ber 'who received relief in a period of five vears, durance, have made them, perhaps, the traction of certain muscles. It is by this
was at the rate of 1 in 370; while, in the same most valuable auxiliaries to man that singular construction that the camel is
period, the number of whites who received aid as
paupers, was as 1 in 40.* are to be found among inferior animals. enabled to pass several days without The testimony of the colonial authorities conTheir feet are so formed as to tread lightly drinking; and to take, at a time, a pro curs with statistical facts in proof of the orderly, on a dryand shifting soil; their nostrils have digious quantity of water, which remains, moral, and industrious habits of these free the power of closing, so as to shut out the in this natural cistern, pure and limpid.beg
2nd. The maroons of Jamaica, though under sand when the wind raises and scatters it Travellers have sometimes, when much circumstances the least favourable to any improvein the desert; and, above all, this animal oppressed with drought, been obliged to ment, are, nevertheless, sufficiently industrious to is provided with an apparatus for retain- kill their camels, in order to obtain a sup
maintain themselves in such a manner that the ing water in its stomach, so that it can ply from these reservoirs.
population increases rapidly. Those of them who
were established at Sierra Leone, in 1800, "have march from well to well, without great
shown an aptness which gives them the first place inconvenience, although they be several
in the colony as tradesmen." + hundred miles apart. With these ad FUTILITY OF THE OBJECTIONS
3rd. Hayti, however, presents the most tri
umphant refutation of the aspersions cast upon vantages, it is not surprising that it should
the black race. There, nearly 500,000 slaves, ever have been considered by the Ara- IMMEDIATE ABOLITION OF COLONIAL suddenly emancipated, have so improved their bians, to whom it is most useful, as a
condition that the population has doubled itself in sacred animal, bestowed by Heaven for Sir,
the course of 30 years. Let it never be forgotten, their use. Indeed, from the time of Job You ask me for answers to the following obiec- that it was at the latter end of the year 1793 that
the slaves in St. Domingo were emancipated; tions, which are urged against the immediate to the present day, camels have constiemancipation of the slaves in our colonies. In
that the massacres, and burnings, and plunderings, tuted the staple, and the criterion of the the compass of a letter I caa only state the matter
took place before; and that Malenfaut, in 1794, wealth of Arabia ; for without them the shortly.' It is urged that
states that- After this publie act of emancipaArabs could neither travel, trade, nor I. « The slaves are idle and dissolute, and
tion, the negroes remained quiet, both in the
south and in the west, and they continued to subsist. They use their milk and flesh would not work to support themselves." for food, and make stuffs for clothing and
II. “The whites would be driven from the work upon all the plantations." He further says.
would be e
that- The colony Aourished under Toussaint. other furniture from their hair, which dangered.”
The whites lived happily, and jin peace, upon is fine and soft, and which is completely III. "The capital of the planters would be de
| their estates; and the negroes continued to work
| for them." Besides this their stroyed, and the commerce and manufactures of renewed every year.
This state of things is up to 1802. Besides this, their this country greatly injured."
It was the attempt after this to re-establish power of supporting the fatigues of tra
The two last are merely appendages to the first slavery.
slavery which led to the devastation that expelled velling makes them of great value, in proposition; and, if this be a gratuitous hypothe
| the whites, and destroyed the capital embarked case of invasion, to their wandering own- sis resting upon no facts, but derived from a false
in the cultivation of the soil, and the manufacture ers, whom they can in one day remove analogy, the remainder falls to the ground.
of sugar, Here, then, is the fact upon which it
10 150 miles into the desert, and so effec
mit lis falsely assumed that emancipation will be fol“l'he slaves are idle and dissolute :" we admit
it fully and freely. How shonld they ha lowed by desolation. tually cut off all approach from their wise? What inducements have they to be indus
In the republic of Mexico, the slaves were sudenemies. trious, temperate, and chaste? But they are idle
denly emancipated, and I challenge, evidence only when working for their masters. They sup
that the act has been followed by any ill conseBut it is in commerce that their serport themselves by voluntary labour. It is a 19
quences to society. vices are most important. The caravans, great mistake to suppose that the slaves are alto
4th. The concurring testimony of all travellers or large companies in which the mer gether fed by the masters. And if they do now
to the present day respecting the Africans, shows chants travel, always consist of more labour with unremitting toil in order to procure
that, in their own country, they are an industrious camels than men.
people, cultivating the earth, even though at the necessary food for themselves and families, will The largest of these they not continue to do so? It is clear that the
risk of not reaping that they have sown. Wheranimals will carry a burthen of a thounegroes must either work or plunder. And it is
ever the contrary to this is found, it is the effect sand, or even twelve hundred, pounds' not conceivable that the same means by which the
of the wars, produced mainly by the slave trade, weight, and the smallest from six to seven slaves are restrained should be inadequate to the
which the slavery of the European colonies excites hundred, and, with these loads, they walk preservation of order amongst the same men when
and maintains. about thirty miles a day. When in a rich | free.
The conclusion, then, is inevitable, that the It is a mistake, however, to suppose that the slaves have not a proper sense of the benefits
slaves are fit for freedom, and that their emancicountry, or fertile meadow, they eat, in of social order. The present race of slaves in our
pation should not be delayed an hour longer than less than an hour, as much as serves West India colonies have either been born there,
is necessary to give it full and complete effect : them
meaning thereby," the substitution of a system of minate the whole night and / or have been there from so early an age that they to ruminate the whole night, and or ha to nourish them
judicial restraint for the irresponsible authority of are acquainted with no other mode of subsistence for twenty-four hours. than that derived from agriculture. Besides, the
the master." They seem, however, happily to prefer physical character of these colonies precludes the
I have argued this subject as a mere question of the nettles, and prickly plants, which exercise of the pastoral life. Hence, to till the
intellect, a dry investigation of the understanding. earth is considered by the slave to be an essential they more commonly meet with, to richer
And, if immediate emancipation is thus demonherbage: and, when they can get plants
condition of his existence.
* Parliamentary Papers, 1826. of any kind, they easily dispense with solute and licentious habits? It will be time!
liamentary Papers, 1827,