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5 m. 15 S. This was on the 7th of remained on the turf until 1853, doing an May. On the ist of August, Ripton immense amount of work every season, turned the tables by beating her in 5 m. maintaining her great reputation both 6 s. and 5 m. 22 s. This Ripton was a for speed and endurance until she handsome bay, small, but a trotter of passed into honorable retirement. peculiar smoothness and beauty. He Long Island Black Hawk was one had many contests with Lady Suffolk, of the greatest stock-horses ever bred and the record shows that he beat her upon the island which furnished the oftener than he was beaten. Even as first half of his name, and one of the late as this year, 1842, most of the best representatives of the Bashaw races were of two and three miles, and family. He was fifteen and a half in all such races it is important to hus- hands in height, finely moulded, a great band the power of the horse as much weight-puller, and a good traveller. He as possible; consequently the full was hardly a match for Lady Suffolk, speed is very seldom called out, but a who drew three hundred and fifty gait is aimed at which can be main pounds, and beat him in 2 m. 40 s. tained to the end of a long race. For Kemble Jackson, another son of Anthis reason, horses of moderate speed drew Jackson, was equally distinguished. and great endurance may beat, in such As a trotter, he surpassed Long Island races, far faster trotters. Although Black Hawk. He commenced his career Lady Suffolk had the hardiest bottom on the Centreville Course in December, and highest courage, she was a long 1850. The next year he beat the Nelstrider, and calculated to put forth all son Colt in a three-mile race, giving a her strength in a great effort, rather strong proof of his great qualities. On than expend it gradually in a moderate the ist of June, 1853, in a similar race effort long continued. In spite of this with O'Blenis, Boston Girl, Pet, Iola, such was her enduring power, that, in and Honest John, he achieved a na1837, she distanced the pacer James tional reputation. This race attracted K. Polk, the first heat of a two-mile almost as much attention as the great race in 5 m. 3 s. But her greatest per- race between Sir Henry and American formance was in the season of 1849. Eclipse, in which the honor of two Hiram Woodruff says: “ This arduous sections of the country, the North and season began at the Union Course the South, was considered at stake. on the 21st of May. Lady Suffolk The contest was mainly between the and Lady Moscow trotted mile heats, popular favorites Kemble Jackson and Moscow winning in four heats. Lady O'Blenis. The latter was by Abdallah, Suffolk then went Down East, and trot from whom he inherited all the fine ted three races at Providence, Rhode characteristics of the Messenger stock. Island. From there she went to Bos- Kemble Jackson was driven by Hiram ton, and on the 14th of June she trot Woodruff, whose skill and judgment ted on tne Cambridge Course with in driving were signally displayed in Mac, on which occasion she made the the management of his horse on this fastest heat she ever trotted. The first occasion. All the horses came on the heat was won by Mac in 2 m. 31 s. ground in good condition, and were The Lady won the second in 2 m. well started for the first trial. The 26 s.” This was her greatest perform- popular judgment was immediately

It raised her to the highest confirmed by Kemble Jackson and place among trotting horses, and gave O'Blenis drawing ahead of the others, her a world-wide fame, which has en- Kemble Jackson on the lead, which he dured to the present day. She after- maintained for three miles, winning wards trotted with Jack Rossiter, Lady the first heat in 8 m. 8 s. In the secSutton, Trustee, Long Island Black ond heat, lola and Pet got off with the Hawk, Gray Trouble, and Gray Eagle, lead, but on the second quarter Kemall horses of the very first class, - and ble Jackson headed them, and O'Blenis



coming up, a duel between them was on the Centreville, Long Island, Course, maintained until the end of the second on the 15th of June, 1853. Highland mile ; Kemble Jackson, leading easily Maid won the first heat in 2 m. 29 s., and in the third mile, won the heat and the the second in 2 m. 27 s., which last was race in 8 m. 41 s. All the horses did the best time that had then been made well, but Kemble Jackson surpassed in harness. Flora Temple had pushed all expectation; and though the time her antagonist to the top of her speed, has been frequently beaten, this is gen- and the great strain had told upon her. erally considered one of the best three- In the third heat she gave out, and mile races ever witnessed on Long was distanced in 2 m. 32. s. The next Island.

race between them was to wagons, and Lady Suffolk's day was hardly over took place on the 28th of the same before a successor appeared who was month. In the first heat Flora Temmore than her equal, whose career on ple got the lead, and maintained it, the turf was nearly as long, and marked winning in 2 m. 28 s. The next heat by achievements exciting equal admi- was won by Highland Maid in 2 m. ration, and gaining her even greater 32 s. The third heat was severely concelebrity. The new light was Flora tested, and was declared a dead heat. Temple. She was foaled in 1845, near The fourth was won by Highland Maid Utica, New York, and was by One- in 2 m. 33 s. But in the fifth and sixth eyed Hunter, a son of Kentucky Hunt- Flora Temple showed her superior

She was a little bay mare, four- power to repeat by beating her rival in teen and a half hands high, of thor- 2 m. 314 s. and 2 m. 35 s. This was a ough-bred, muscular form, and peculiarly very severe race, and Highland Maid, quick and nervous gait. When four not being thoroughly matured and years old she was sold for thirteen dol- seasoned, did not recover from it for lars, and again for sixty-eight dollars, a long time. It raised Flora Temple and ultimately found her way to New to the rank of the first trotting horses York, where she soon became known

of the country on the suburban roads as a trotter of The next month she trotted with unusual promise. In the summer of Tacony. This horse was bred in Can1850 she trotted her first race, a half- ada, and had trotted under the saddle mile, on the old Red House track. In in 2 m. 25} s. The race was in harness, the fall of the same year she trotted and was won by Tacony in three deswith Delaware Maid, Whitehall, Na- perately contested heats, the time being poleon, and Hiram, winning in 2 m. 2 m. 28 s., 2 m. 27 s., 2 m. 29 s. The horses 55 s., 2 m. 52 S., and 2 m. 49 s.

were immediately matched to trot again In 1852 she beat the horse Centre- two-mile heats in harness, the race to ville in 2 m. 42 s., and this year she come off in five days. Flora Temple was sold again; the price paid was won easily in 4 m. 59 s. and 5 m. Is. On four thousand dollars. In 1853 she the 26th of July she beat Tacony again beat Black Douglas, who had pre- at Saratoga ; and afterwards, in 1856, viously beaten her on the Hunting distanced him in 2 m. 245 s., effectually Park Course, Philadelphia. In this establishing her superiority. race she trotted a mile in 2 m. 314 s. In 1854 Flora Temple beat Lady Her races with Highland Maid took Brooks in four heats, and Kemble Jackplace the same

This mare son in five heats, to wagons. The vicwas bred in Orange County, New York, tory over this veteran was only won afand was of the purest Messenger ter a terrific struggle. It seemed hard blood. She was very powerful, and a for the victor over so many courses to great strider, and was then, like Flora lay all his laurels at the feet of a youthTemple, in the first flush of what prom- ful rival. In November she beat Green ised to be a brilliant career. Their Mountain Maid and Rhode Island at first race was in harness, and came off Rochester. After her return to New York she trotted with Mac, an old an- Allen when four years old, she was now tagonist of Lady Suffolk. She beat him fully matured and in prime condition easily in 2 m. 314 s., 2 m. 32 s., and 2 m. for the race. Flora, on the contrary, 33 s.


had only shortly returned from her winNot long after this race, Flora Tem- ter quarters, and had not had the work ple became the property of James Mc- necessary to put her in condition to trot Mann, who henceforth drove her in her with a rival who had beaten Tacony in principal races, and with whom she is 2 m. 30 s. and 2 m. 31 s. that same season. chiefly associated.

Her first appear- In addition, it was stipulated that Flora ance after this change of ownership was should draw a wagon, Rose of Washingin a race with Sontag. This mare was ton going in harness.* The result was by Vermont Hambletonian, a grandson that Flora was beaten in three straight of Messenger, and a sire of many fa- heats. Another race between these mous trotting horses. In this race Flo- two mares took place two weeks afterra 'Temple was driven by Warren Pea- wards, with a different result. Flora, body (Hiram Woodruff had driven her in the mean time, had trotted with the in most of her previous races), and was Belle of Portland, and had been worked beaten by Sontag in 2 m. 31 s., 2 m. 33 S., into trotting condition, and in this race and 2 m. 35 s. The loss of this race distanced Rose of Washington in the would seem to be owing to the change first heat. The time, however, was not of drivers, as the best time made had so good by one quarter of a second as been repeatedly beaten by Flora Temple the time made in the previous race; and on previous occasions. She was now had it not been for the early death of matched to trot twenty miles within an Rose of Washington she might have hour, but was withdrawn after trotting eclipsed her victorious rival. twelve miles. Like Lady Suffolk, she After these races, Flora travelled does not appear to have been consti- about the country, trotting for purses tuted for the dragging effort which is at various places, with Miller's Damsel, required for success in such races. Redbird, Lancet, and Brown Dick. In

It was in October of the year 1856 1858 she was sold to Mr. William Mcthat Flora Temple and the great Mor- Donald of Baltimore for eight thousand gan horse, Ethan Allen, trotted their dollars. The change of ownership made first race. Ethan Allen may well be no difference in her trotting appointthe pride of New England, for a finer ments, all of which continued to be built and more beautiful trotter was made by James McMann. She trotted never harnessed. He had just beaten with Lancet at Philadelphia on the 8th Rose of Washington and Hiram Drew; of June, and at Baltimore on the 8th of and this, with his easy and perfect trot- July. In October she went West, and ting gait, made many regard him as trotted at Detroit, Chicago, St. Louis, fully a match for the pet of Long Island. and other places. Among her antagoThe race came off on the 5th of No- nists in these races were Hero the vember, and was won by Flora in two pacer, Prince, and Reindeer. heats in 2 m. 32 s. and 2 m. 36. s. It But it was not until 1859 that Flora proved that Ethan Allen had hardly ar- Temple made the time which raised her rived at the period of development, or to the high position which she holds become sufficiently seasoned upon the among later trotting horses. She began turf, to compete with its mature and ex- the season that year by beating Ethan perienced mistress.

Allen in 2 m. 25 s. Her races with PrinHer first match in 1857 was with

Princess was a very Rose of Washington. This Messenger beautiful trotter. She was bred in New mare was bred by that veteran horseman, Smith Burr of Comac, Long Island, * A horse is held by the best judges to be able to and was a full sister of Lady Woodruff.

cess followed.

trot under the saddle three seconds faster than in

harness, – that is, harnessed to a sulky, - and six Although she had been beaten by Ethan seconds faster than when harnessed to a wagon.

Hampshire ; but had been in Califor- horse, and every way worthy of his repnia, where she had trotted ten miles to utation as a trotter. His first race with wagon in 29 m. 10} s. The first race Flora took place on the 21st of Novembetween Flora and Princess was of three ber, 1859. Flora won the first heat in miles, and was won by the former, after 2 m. 23 S., the second in 2 m. 24 s., and a hard pull, in 7 m. 54 s. and 7 m. 59} s. the third in 2 m. 24 s.; but this heat, beThe second race of two miles was won cause of some irregularity, was given by Princess in 5 m. 2 s. and 5 m. 5 s. to Patchen by the judges. The race The third race of one mile was won by was then postponed, on account of darkFlora in 2 m. 23} s., 2 m. 22 S., and 2 m. ness, until the following day, but was 23) s. Although this most extraordi- never finished. nary race was won by Flora, Princess had The second race between them took trotted so well that it was still thought place on the 6th of June, 1860, and was by some that she was the better horse. won by Flora in 2 m. 21 s., 2 m. 24 s., and In August a fourth race of two miles took 2 m. 21s. Hiram Woodruff pronounces place between them, which was won by this the best of Flora's races, and the Flora in the unprecedented time of 4 m. horse that pushed her in it could not 50$ s. The time of the second heat was be other than very nearly as good as 5 m. 5 s. The two mares then made a herself. They afterwards trotted a trip together, trotting at Saratoga, Bos- number of races at different places, in ton, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, which Flora maintained her place at and, on the 15th of October, at Kalama- the head of the trotting horses of the zoo, Mich. In the third heat of the country. race at this place, with Princess and In 1861 a new rival came from the Honest Anse, Flora trotted a mile in West, to put the undecayed powers of 2 m. 194 s. The news of this great per- this wonderful mare to one more trial. formance was received by telegraph in This horse had been known as Medoc, the principal cities of the Union, and but was now called John Morgan. He created a general excitement. It was was by Pilot, Jr., deriving Messenger the culmination of a long and brilliant blood from his dam. He was a very career. Flora Temple became thence- strong horse, and of great courage and forth an object of public interest, and endurance as well as speed. He was wherever she went was regarded with matched to trot three races with Flora; the greatest curiosity and favor. Be- the first of one mile, the second of two fore she returned to New York, she miles, and the third of three miles. In visited Cleveland, and St. Catharine's, all he was beaten ; but in the second Canada, winning races at both places. race he proved himself worthy to rank

Flora was now fifteen years old. She with the very best horses that had ever had been on the turf for ten years, dur- been pitted against Flora. In this race ing which time she had trotted over he pushed her at every step, and the fifty successful races, and won thou- two heats were the best ever trotted in sands of dollars. It would seem that one race ; the time being 4 m. 55 s. and she had fairly earned a release. But 4m. 52} s. such was not the fate in store for her. Flora's races with Ethan Allen and Another great horse had made his ap- running mate remain to be mentioned. pearance, with whom she was destined In these she was beaten, but they are to fight her old battles over again. This not to be considered in any fair estiwas George M. Patchen. He was bred mate of the powers of the two horses. in New Jersey, and was of Bashaw, A horse trotting with a running mate Messenger, and Trustee lineage. He is not only relieved of the whole weight had been beaten once by Ethan Allen, of wagon and driver, but is absolutely but had beaten Brown Dick and Lan- helped along. In these races Flora cet, and trotted under the saddle in showed undiminished speed and endur2 m. 254 s. He was a large, powerful ance, and in the last heat of the last

race was only beaten by the team by a ing, and the sire of more great trotting length, in her own best time, 2 m. 194 s. horses than any horse that has ever She was now withdrawn from the turf, lived in America. George Wilkes has and has never since made her appear all the characteristics of the Hambleance in a public race.

tonian stock, — fine size, great muscular In this sketch of the career of Flora development, smooth long stride, and Temple, in which the interesting “Rem- superior endurance. He beat Ethan iniscences of the Trotting Horse, by Allen in three straight heats, in 2 m. Hiram Woodruff," published in the 244 S., 2 m. 254 s., and 2 m. 31 s. “Spirit of the Times,” have been con- In October of the same year the first sulted, most of the first trotting horses race between the horses General Butof the country, of the twelve years of ler and Rockingham was trotted, to wagher life on the turf, have been noticed. ons, on the Fashion Course, Long IslDuring the period of her ascendency and. General Butler is a very remarkthere was a great development of the able horse. He developed slowly, and taste for trotting, and the number of came to his great speed only after long trotting horses had constantly increased. and careful training. He has shown lastDuring the past five years that taste ing powers equal to those of old Top Galhas become still more marked, and dif- lant. Rockingham was bred in Massafused over the whole country. The chusetts, where he was known as the number of trotting-courses has multi- Granger colt. He was a large, fleaplied, until nearly every town of three bitten gray horse, of very stylish apthousand inhabitants is supplied with pearance, and a great trotter. In this one. The attention of farmers is large- race five heats were trotted, - Rockingly given to breeding trotters; and the ham winning the first two, in 2 m. 304 s. amount of money, care, and intelligence and 2 m. 29] s.; and General Butler the bestowed upon that one branch of rural last three, in 2 m. 28 s., 2 m. 27 s., and economy is almost incredible. In one 2 m. 30 s. The second and third of their county in the State of New York — Or- races were both won by Rockingham, ange County, on the Hudson — there are in the third of which he trotted a mile millions of dollars invested in trotting under the saddle in 2 m. 224 s. stock farms. At the Stony Ford estab- The famous feat of the “ Ledger lishment alone there are one hundred team,” Lady Palmer and Flatbush Maid, and twenty-five horses of the Messen- also took place in the season of this ger blood. So many fast trotters have year, 1862, on the Fashion Course, Long consequently been produced since 1861, Island, on the day of the race between that it is possible, within the limits of the black mare Sunnyside and Gray Edthis article, to mention only the most dy. As Sunnyside was a new-comer of celebrated.

great pretension, a large concourse of The first noticeable race of the year people had assembled to witness her first 1862 was that of Lady Emma and Jilt, performance. After the race was over, on Long Island. Lady Emma was a it was whispered that Mr. Bonner would granddaughter of Abdallah, and every give his mares a trial of one mile ; and way worthy of her descent from that his appearance on the course in his patriarch of trotters. In the race with road wagon, driving the well-known Jilt she made the following surpassing beauties, detained the whole assembled record, — 2 m. 28.) s., 2 m. 294 s., 2 m. multitude. The reason of this public 30 s., 2 m. 31 s. This was followed by the exhibition of the speed of a pair of race between two great horses, Ethan horses kept strictly for private amuseAllen and Robert Fillingham, or George ment by a gentleman strongly opposed Wilkes, as he is now called. The latter to betting, and all the demoralizing acis by the celebrated Messenger horse cessories of the turf, was known to Hambletonian of Chester, - with one many upon the grounds, and tended to exception the only son of Abdallah liv- intensify their interest. A few years

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