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Recent battleships and armored cruisers of over 17,000 tons displacement, built, building,

or proposed_Continued.

JAPAN.

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Warship tonnage of the principal naval powers. [Number and displacement of warships, built

and building, of 1,500 or more tons, and of torpedo craft of more than 50 tons.)

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Colonial vessels included. 2 Battleships having a main battery of all big guns (11 inches or more in caliber),

Battleships of (about) 10,000 or more tons displacement, whose main batteries are of more than one caliber.

Includes smaller battleships and monitors. • Armored cruisers having guns of largest caliber in main battery and capable of taking their place in line of battle with the battleships. They have an increase of speed at the expense of carrying fewer guns in main battery and a decrease in armor protection.

6 All unarmored warships of more than 1,500 tons are classified as cruisers. Scouts are considered as cruisers in which battery and protection have been sacrificed to secure extreme speed. The word "protected" has been omitted because all cruisers except the smallest and oldest now have protective decks.

Warship tonnage of the principal naval powers—Continued.

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1 Battleships having a main battery of all big guns (11 inches or more in caliber).

Battleships of (about) 10,000 or more tons displacement, whose main batteries are of more than one caliber.

3 Includes smaller battleships and monitors. * Armored cruisers having guns of largest caliber in main battery and capable of taking their place in line of battle with the battleships. They have an increase of speed at the expense of carrying fewer guns in main battery and a decrease in armor protection. All unarmored

warships of more than 1,500 tons are classified as cruisers. Scouts are considered as cruisers in which

battery and protection have been sacrificed to secure extreme speed. The word "protected” has been omitted because all cruisers except the smallest and oldest now have protected decks.

The following vessels are not included in the tables:

Ships over 20 years old from date of launch, unless they have been reconstructed and rearmed within five years.

Torpedo craft over 15 years old.
Those not actually begun or ordered, although authorized.

Transports, colliers, repair ships, torpedo depot ships, or other
auxiliaries.
Vessels of less than 1,500 tons, except torpedo craft.
Torpedo craft of less than 50 tons.
N. B.-Vessels undergoing trials are considered as completed.

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In order to answer the frequent inquiries of societies and persons throughout the country interested in the maintenance of the Navy and its relative strength and importance in comparison with foreign navies, the following information has been compiled:

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1 Battleships having a main battery of all big guns (11 inches or more in caliber).

2 Battleships of (about) 10,000 tons or more displacement and having more than one caliber in the main battery.

Armored cruisers having guns of largest caliber in main battery and capable of taking their place in line of battle with the battleships. They have an increase of speed at the expense of carrying fewer guns in main battery and a decrease in armor protection.

* Includes all unarmored cruising vessels above 1,500 tons displacement. • Includes smaller battleships and monitors. No more vessels of this class are being proposed or built by the great powers,

Includes vessels of colonies,

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. England has no continuing shipbuilding policy, but usually lays down each year 4 or 5 armored ships, with a proportional number of smaller vessels.

2 Includes vessels of colonies.

3 Germany has a continuing shipbuilding program, governed by a fleet law authorized by the Reichstag. For 1912 there are authorized 1 battleship, 1 battle cruiser, 2 cruisers, 12 destroyers. Eventual strength to consist of 41 battleships, 20 armored cruisers, 40 cruisers, 144 destroyers, 72 submarines * $4,760,000 authorized for experiments and further construction. $$78,837,591

authorized to be expended from 1911 to 1917 for the construction of war vessels. & Russian shipbuilding program provides for the completion by 1918 of 4 battle cruisers, 8 small cruisers, 36 destroyers, and 18 submarines. The battle cruisers have been contracted for and are included in the above table.

The following vessels are not included in the tables:

Ships over 20 years old from date of launch, unless they have been reconstructed and rearmed within five years.

Torpedo craft over 15 years old.

Transports, colliers, repair ships, converted merchant vessels, or any other auxiliaries.

Vessels of less than 1,500 tons, except torpedo craft. Torpedo craft of less than 50 tons.

NOTE.—Vessels undergoing trials are considered as completed.

Table II includes vessels authorized but not yet laid down, as well as those actually under construction.

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1 The Admiral of the Navy.

The United States now has temporarily as extra numbers, due to promotion for war service and to officers restricted by law to engineering duty only on shore only 7 flag officers, 23 captains, 4 commanders, 10 lieutenant commanders, and 1 lieutenant. 3 Includes pharmacists and apothecaries.

Includes pharmaceutical officers.
Includes adjutants, premier maitres, and maîtres of all branches.
Includes 3,100 men of the Coast

Guard. "Marine infantry and seaman artillery.

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