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to make the king's brother Carlos his successor, who is understood to be a greater bigot and tyrant than Ferdinand himself. On the king's recovery, and having understood from his queen and other attached friends, what had been done and plotted during his illness and mental imbecility and aberration, he not only dismissed the wbole of his existing ministry, but directed Señor Colomarde, wbo had been at the head of it, to be imprisoned in the citadel of Pamplona, and the Duke d'Alcudia, who had been another principal in the plot against him, to be coafined in the castle of St. Sebastian de Cadiz. Nor is this all-Martinez de San Martin, who was political chief of Madrid in the time of the Constitution, has been appointed Superintendent General of the Police of the kingdom. A decree of a general and unlimited amnesty for political offences has also been published-excepting only fifteen persons, whose names we have not seen mentioned. The Spanish forces have likewise been ordered to withdraw from the frontiers of Portugal, and an explicit declaration has been issued of the purpose of Spain to observe a strict neutrality in regard to the war between Don Pedro and Don Miguel for the crown of that kingdum. In a word, the changes that have taken place amount almost to a revolution in favour of the Constitutionalists. It would seem that Ferdinand has dis. covered that the Popish apostolicals, as they have been called, will be content with nothing short of making the reigning monarch entirely subservient to their views; and believing that they would find in his brother Carlos a more pliant tool than they could make of him, or of his queen and daughter, they have nefariously endeavoured to keep the succession from the latter, and give it to the former. What will ensue, time will disclose. The Spaniards in general are such willing and devoted slaves of the Papal superstition, that they do not seem prepared for any thing like real freedom.
PORTUGAL.— The forces of Don Miguel have made a series of attacks on the lines of Don Pedro, in the neighbourhood and suburbs of Oporto, and in all have been repelled with great loss. It appears, however, that the invaders fought bravely, and in some instances desperately. But it is stated that they have experienced such repeated defeats, that the soldiers refuse to march to any new assault. The British troops in Oporto, especially the officers, have suffered severely in defending the lines. But the most important advantage gained on the side of Don Pedro has been at sea. The fleet of Don Miguel, after having suffered much in previous conflicts with that under the command of the British Admiral Sartorius, took refuge in the Spanish port of Vigo, about eighly miles to the north of Oporto. Thither Sartorius followed, and blocka aded the port and the fleet. It is rumoured that in an attempt to escape, the whole fleet of Miguel has been captured by Sartorius; and the rumour, although not entirely authenticated, is attended by circumstances of probability. Should it prove true, it would seem that the cause of Miguel must be nearly desperate; especially as Spain will probably show him no favour in future; and without a naval force, his whole seaboard may be blockaded by his rival's fleet.
NAPLES. With the authorities of this country ours has been negotiating for a considerable time past, to obtain indemnity for the spoliations committed on our commerce, in the days of Murat and Buonaparte. Our claims, after being long resisted, have recently, and rather unexpectedly, been allowed; at least to the amount of 2,150,000 dollars. It appears that it was nothing but the fear of our navy, and the decisive movements of our envoy, Mr. Nelson, that eventually had an effect on the Neapolitan coort, in obtaining our demand. An uncommonly terrific tornado desolated a district of this kingdom, on the 10th of Sept. ult. It was confined in breadth to about 300 paces, and in length to 15 or 16 miles. But in its course every vegetable production was destroyed, some houses were overturned, and 35 individuals were killed, and 63 severely wounded.
GREECE.—The allied Courts of France, England and Russia, have united in a Manifesto, signed by their representatives severally, and addressed to the Greeks, announcing the appointment for them of a sovereign, in the person of Otho, prince of Bavaria. The faiher of Otho has also addressed a letter to the Greek Senate, com. mending his son to their kind reception, and willing acknowledgment, as their rightful king-He has also appointed a regency for the assistance of the young prince during his minority. How all this will tally with Grecian feelings and views remains to be
An extension of territorial limits and pecuniary aid is promised; and the allied powers seem determined to render this arrangement final and permanent. We wish it may prove propitious to this long agitated and deeply afflicted people.
HOLLAND AND Belgium.-The Session of the States General of Holland was opened at the Hague on the 10th of October by the king in person, and with a speech of great pith and decision. He represents the country as in a highly prosperous and united state, and on terms of peace and amity with all foreign powers. With Belgium bow. ever, he is decisively opposed to any compromise, on the terms proposed by the London conference of the great powers. He declares his determination to resist to the last
extremity all attempts to enforce the specified terms. In addition to this, all accounts agree that the Dutch are unanimous in their approbation of the stand taken by their king, and resolved to contend to the last, both by sea and land, against the award made -partially and unjustly they think-in favour of Belgium. In the mean time, the king of Belgium is disciplining his troops and looking for the arrival of his French allies, to commence the enforcement of the award made by the London conference. Hence the prospect of war, of which we have already made mention. It is stated that the king of Prussia has consented to the blockade of the Scheldt by the combined feet of Britain and France; but has declared that he will resist the entrance into Belgium of any land force from France. We suppose the king of Holland relies on this Prussian succour, in case of emergency; and he has heretofore proved himself more than a match for the Belgians, when unaided by French troops. It will be happy if a general war in Europe is not the result of this wretched squabble between Belgium and Holland.
Turkey.-It appears that the success of Ibrahim Pacha against the Turkish Sultan's Asiatick army, has been so complete, and his approach toward Constantinople so rapid, while at the same time the Sultan's fleet has been vanquished by that of Mahemet Ali, that the overthrow of the power and dynasty of the present Ottoman Grand Senior, is seriously dreaded. We have seen an article intimating that the Sultan Mahmoud would abandon his throne, and withdraw to some neutral state. This, however, we regard only as conjecture; but it is certain that the Pacha of Egypt has proved more than a match for his nominal master, both by sea and land; and that there is no apparent hindrance to the Egyptian Pacha sending his army to any part of the Turkish empire, that best pleases him. It is stated that the ravages of the Cholera have succeeded to those of the plague at Constantinople.
ASIA. The town of Bushire, in Persia, is stated to have lost two-thirds of its population by the plague, in May last. All government was at a stand. The British resident, and his family, had removed to the island of Congo, in March; and a guard of some force, which had been left at the residency, had perished to a man.
AFRICA. The wonderful success of the present Pacha of Egypt appears to be owing to his own sagacity and energy, in introducing into his army and navy the European tacticks, and into his dominions, as extensively as possible, the European arts and sciences. For a number of years past he has been sending inany of the most promising young men in his dominions to France and Britain, for their education, and patronizing eminent men from those countries whom he has invited to Egypt. The Turkish Sultan, probably, has been induced by this example to begin the same process; but his rebellious Pacha has been beforehand with him, and is reaping the fruits of his earlier wisdom and activity.
AMERICA The controversy of the republic of Buenos Ayres with the United States, relative to an occurrence at the Falkland islands, heretofore announced, has proceeded to such a length as to cause our Charge d'Affairs, Mr. Baylies, to leave that republick and relurn home. Whether our government will approve his proceedings or not remains to be seen. It would seem that in Mexico the government is on the point of undergoing another change, at least in its chief. Santa Anna has laid the city of Mexico under siege; and although at the last accounts he had retired a little, with a view to meet the adverse forces of his rival, Bustamente, yet every appearance was in favour of his ultimate triumph.
UNITED States.-Agreeably to adjournment, our Congress convened on the first Monday of the present month. The message of the President at the opening, and his proclamation since, relative to the nullifying proceedings of South Carolina, are state papers which exhibit talent of a high order, and they recognise that depondance of our nation on the good providence of God which ought ever to characterize such publications. Whatever differences there may be among our citizens—and wide differences there certainly are-in regard to some of the communications and recommendations of the President, we think that every real friend of his country must be sensible that the present is a time to allay and not to foment discord; to unite heart and hand for the preservation of our national union and character; and for every Christian, in al. most every prayer that he offers, to implore the interposition of Almighty God in behalf of our beloved land,—to implore Hiin to turn us as a people from our sins, and to turn his displeasure from us. We wish our government would call the whole nation to humiliation, fasting and prayer
INDEX TO VOLUME X.
Affairs, publick, view of, 37, 85, 134, 183, Cowper and his Brother, 448.
Clark, Dr. Adam, Death of, 459,
Campbellism, Debate on, 506.
Centrifugal force, 512.
Christian Morals important in Rural Life,
Coin struck at the Mints of Franco, 555.
Deaths in New York, 32.
Digestive Power of Birds, 71.
Duello, Novel, 72.
Deaths at Baltimore, 73.
Distant Sight, 131.
Death from Charcoal, 266.
Dykes in Holland, 458.
Evening Prayer, 11.
Education, Assembly's Board of, 35, 74.
Earthquake at the North, 72.
Extracts from the Journal of Mr. Poor,
Early rising, 411.
Expulsion of Man from the Garden, 437.
Report Education of the Blind, 555.
Faith, Weak, Evidences of, 189.
Means of confirming, 237.
Foreign Plants, 267.
Fire, Ready Means of obtaining, 411.
Green, Rev. Jacob, Sketch of the Life of,
11, 51, 99, 145, 194, 317.
Geological Fact, Singular, 179.
General Assembly, Annual Session of,
Ginger Beer, 317.
Greek Testament, an Anecdote, 546.
Gold Mines in Egypt, 555.
Hail Storm at Constantinople, 30.
Hymns, Original, 99.
Hospital for Blind and Lame, 179.
, Rev. Robert, Extracts from the works
Holy Spirit, Gracious operation of the,
Influenza in Horses, 73.
Influenza and Cholera, 367.
|| Indian Curiosities, 178.
Jay's Evening Exercises, 396.
Pardon, Abuse of, checked, 205.
Pastoral Letter, 233.
Plague of London, 296.
Demon of, 316.
Phenomenon in Rain Water, 410.
Prayer of Faith, Lectures on, 501, 547.
137, 185, 281, 329, 377, 425, 473, 521. River of Death: A Dream, 108.
Rail Roads, 179
Rural Life, Moral of, 242, 290, 344, 541.
Miniature of, in the higher
Revivals, Sprague's Lectures on, 361, 440.
Reform Bill, English, 368.
Revelation consistent with Science, 399,
Return of Man to the Garden, 485.
Reverence for the Name of God, 545.
Reviews, 66, 125, 176, 210, 258, 304, 361,
399, 452, 547.
Sixteenth Steam Engines, Safety of, 31.
Sanford, Rev. Joseph, Obituary of, 37.
Herald, Extracts from, 75. Shoes, Manufacture of, in Lynn, Mass.
Society of the Synod of Pitts- 132.
Stanzas, 193, 436.
Sinking of a piece of Land, 267.
Scott's last Volume Reviewed, 304.
Sandwich Islands, 319.
Snow in August, 411.
Strawberries, Autumn, 459.
Scottish Thistles, 511.
Spot on the Sun, 512.
Shoe Blacking, 512.
Turkish and French Journal, 30.
Tariff, English, on Titles, 31.
Taste, Seat of, 31.
Temperance Society in Miniature, 64.
Tracts, Distribution of, 65.
Throne of Grace, 333, 380.
Tears of Parents, 533.
Weather, Statement of, 71.
Cold at Germantown, 73.
Wolffe, Rev. Joseph, 132.
Washington's Birih-day, Centennial cele-
bration of, 132.
Works of a Woodpecker, 132.
Winter Evenings, 555.