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and directed but by the unceasing energy of the great
And men that they are brethren? Why delight
In one soft bon i of amity and love'?
What can be more important and interesting than an inquiry into the existence', attributes', providence', and moral government of Gind?
RULE XII.- Questions asked by verbs require the rising
1. Can the soldier, when he girdeti on liis armor, boast like him that putteth it off' ? Can the merchant predict that the speculation, on which he has entered, will be infallibly crowned with success'? Can even the husbandman, who has the promise of God that seed-time and harvest shall not fail, look forward with assured confidence to the expected increase of his fields'? In these, and in all similar cases, our resolution to act can be founded on probability alone.
2. Avarus has long been ardently endeavoring to fill his chest: and lo! it is now full. Is he happy'? Does
• When the question is very long, however, or coneiudes a pars graph, the falling instead of the rising injection takes place.
ad use it? Does he gratefully think of the Giver of all good things ? Does he distribute to the poor'! Alas! these interests have no place in his breast. KULE XIII.--- When interrogative sentences connected by
the disjunctive, or, expressed or understood, succeea each other, the first end with the rising and the rest with the failing inflection.*
EXAMPLES 1. Does God, after having made his creatures, take no further care of them ? Has he left them to blind fate or un directed chance'? Has he forsaken the works of his own hands'? Or does he always graciously preserve, and keep, and guide' them?
2. Should these credulous infidels after all be in the right, and this pretended revelation be all a fable, from believing it what harm' could ensue? Would it render princes more tyrannical, or subjects more ungovernable'? the rich more insolent, or the poor more disorderly'? Would it make worse parents, or children'; husbands,
wives'; masters, or servants'; friends, or neighbors' ? or would it not make men more virtuous, and, consequently, more happy' in every situation ?
Note 2.-An interrogative sentence, consistirg of a variety of merobers depending on each other for sense, may have the inflection common to other sentences, provided the last member has that inflection which distinguishes the species of interrogation to which it belongs.
Can we believe a thinking being, that is in a perpetual progress of my rovement, and travelling on from perfection to perfection, after
* When or is nsed conjunctively, the inflections are not regulated by it.
taying just looked abroad into the works of its Creator', aud macko . I few discoveries of his infinite goodness, wisdom, and power, musi perisb at her first setting out', and in the very beginning of her inquiries ?
Note 3. Interrogative sente cues, consisting of members in a serica which form perfect sense as they proceed, must have every member terminate with that inflection which distinguishes the species of inter rogation of which they consist.
1. Hath death torn from your embrace the friend whom you ten derly loved-him to whom you were wont to uubosom the secrete of your soul' —him who was your counsellor in perplexity, the sweet ener of all your joys, and the assuager of all your sorrows"? You think you do well to mourn ; and the tears with which you water his grave, seem to be a tribute due to his virtues. But waste not your affection in fruitless lamentation.
2. Who are the persons that are most apt to fall into peevishness aud dejcction that are continually complaining of the world, and see nothiug but wretchedness around them? Are they those whora went compe's to toil for their daily bread'—who have no treasure but the labor of their hands' --who rise with the rising sun to expose themselves to all the rigors of the seasons, unsheltered from the winter's cold, and unshaded from the summer's heat'? No. The laborg of such are the very blessings of their condition.
Note 4.-When questions, asked by verbs, are followed by answers, che rising inflection, in a high tone of voice, takes place at the end of the questing, and, after a long pause, the answer must be pronounced in a lower tone,
1. Are you desirous that your talents and abilities may procura you respect'? Display them not ostentatiously to public view. Would you escape the epoy which your riches' might excite? Let them not minister to pride, but adorn them with humility.
2. There is not an evil incident to human nature for which the gospel doth not provide a remedy. Are you ignorant of many things which it highly concerns you to knows? The gospel offers you in struction. Have you deviated from the path of duty'? The gospel
odtere you forgiveness. Do temptations' surround you? The gospe offers you the aid of Sleaven. Are you exposed to misery'? I COD
Are you subject to death ? It offers you iinmortality.
RULE XIV.-The inflections at the note of erclamation
are the same as at any other point, in sentences simi larly constructed.
1. The Almighiy sustains and conducts the universy It was he who separated the jarring elements! It wil he who hung up the worlds in empty space'! It was be who preserves them in their circles, and impels them in their course'!
2. How pure, how dignified should they be, whole origin is celestial! How pure, how dignified should they be, who are taught to look higher than earth; to expect to enjoy the divinest pleasures for evermore, and to "shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father'!"
RULE XV.- When the exclamation, in form of a ques.
tion, is the echo of another question of the same kind, or when it proceeds from wonder or admiration, always requires the rising inflection.
EXAMPLES. 1. Will you for ever, Athenians, do nothing but walk up and down the city, asking one another, What news'? What Lews'! Is there anything more new than to see a mar. of Macedonia become master of the Athenians, and give laws to all Greece'?
2. What'. might Rome then have been taken, if those men who were at your gates had not wantel courage' for the attempt?—Rome taken when I' was (unsul!Of honors I had sufficient-of life enough-more than enough.
RULE XVI.-A parenthesis must be pronounced in a lower
tone of voice than the rest of the sentence, and conclude with the same pause and inflection which terminate the member that immediately precedes it.*
EXAMPLES. 1 Though fame, who is always the herald of the great, has seldom doigned to transmit the exploits of the lower ranks to posterity', (for it is commonly the fate of those whom fortune has placed in the vale of obscurity to have their noble actions buried in oblivion';) yet, in their versés, the minstrels have preserved many instances of domestic woe and felicity.
2. Uprightness is a habit, and, like all other habits, gains strength by time and exercise. If, then, we exercise' upright principles, (and we cannot have them unless we exercise' them.) they must be perpetually on the increase.
Note 1.-The end of a parenthesis must have the falling inflection when it terminates with an emphatical word.
Had I, when speaking in the assembly, been absolute and indeped dent master of affairs, then your other speakers might call me to ao count. But if ye were ever present, if ye were all in general invitec to propose your sentiments, if ye were all agreed that the measures
* A parenthesis must also be pronounced a degree quicker than tho rest of the sentence ; a pause, too, must be made both before and after it, proportioned in length to the more intimate or remote one portion, which it bas with the rest of the sentence.