Page images
PDF
EPUB

anterior represents the completion of an action prior to a certain event, as I had written my letter before your brother arrived.

The Future admits of two subdivisions, viz., the future, and the future anterior :--the future denotes an action yet to come, as I will write :-the future anterior indicates an action to be completed before the arrival of a certain event, as I shall have written my letter before the departure of your brother.

Verbs have two numbers, the singular and the plural.
They have three persons ; the first, second, and third.

They have two participles, the present or active, and the past or passive, as — Present or active.

Past or Passive.
Accosting

accosted. They are either regular or irregular.

A regular verb forms the past tense and passive participle by the addition of d, or ed to the verb, as Present.

Past tense. Passive participle. Save saved

saved
Accost
accosted

accosted
An irregular verb deviates from this rule, as -
Present.
Past tense.

Past participle. Write wrote

written Buy bought

bought Every finite verb (i. e. a verb not in the infinitive mood) must have an agent, which is the nominative; and every transitive verb must have an object, which is the objective case.

The conjugation t of a verb is the management of all its variations with regard to mood, tense, number, and person.

Conjugation of the regular transitive verb-Accost. Present.

Past.

Past Participle. Accost accosted

accosted
INFINITIVE MOOD.
Pr. To accost. Perf. To have accosted.

* The active participle always ends in ing.

+ The term signifies yoking together, implying that all the parts of the verb are thereby united.

INDICATIVE Mood.*-Present tense.
Sing.

Plural. 1. I accost

1. We accost 2. Thou accostest

2. You accost 3. He, she, or it accosts 3. They accost

Or1. I do accost

1. We do accost 2. Tliou dost accost

2. You do accost 3. He does accost

3. They do accost

Past. 1. I accosted

1. We accosted 2. Thou accostedst

2. You accosted 3. He accosted

3. They accosted Or1. I did accost

1. We did accost 2. Thou didst accost

2. You did accost 3. He did accost

3. They did accost

Perfect. 1. I have accosted

1. We have accosted 2. Thou hast accosted

2. You have accosted 3. He has accosted

3. They have accosted

Perfect anterior. 1. I had accosted

1. We had accosted 2. Thou hadst accosted 2. You had accosted 3. He had accosted

3. They had accosted

Future.-(Shall or will.) 1. I shall accost

1. We shall accost 2. Thou shalt accost

2. You shall accost 3. He shall accost

3. They shall accost Future anterior.-(Shall or will have.) 1. I shall have accosted 1. We shall have accosted 2. Thou shalt have accosted 2. You shall have accosted 3. He shall have accosted 3. They shall have accosted

• The terminational variations of the indicative mood are often omitted, when condition, contingency, or end is expressed, as “ Love not sleep, lest thou come to poverty.”—Prov. xx. 13. “Except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain."-Ps. cxxvii. l. In most cases of this kind there is an ellipsis in the phraseology.

{accost

IMPERATIVE Mood
Sing.

Plural.
S Accost, or

( Accost, or 2.

2.

| Do you accost POTENTIAL MOOD.

Present tense.-(May, can, or must.) 1. I may accost

1. We may accost 2. Thou mayst accost

2. You may accost 3. He may accost

3. They may accost Past.-(Might, could, would, or should.) 1. I might accost

1. We might accost 2. Thou mightst accost 2. You might accost 3. He might accost

3. They might accost Perfect.—(May, can, or must have.) 1. I may have accosted 1. We may have accosted 2. Thou mayst have accosted 2. You may have accosted 3. He may have accosted 3. They may have accosted

Perfect anterior.-(Might, could, would, or should have.) 1. I might have accosted 1. We might have accosted 2. Thou mightst have accosted 2. You might have accosted 3. He might have accosted 3. They might have accosted

PARTICIPLES.
Active. t

Passive.
Accosting

Accosted
The passive voice is formed by affixing the passive participle

* As this mood is used to entreat, to command, to deprecate, &c., it is obvious that the second, person only can be employed." When grammarians attempt to make a first or third person by the aid of let, they place the conjugated verb in the infinitive, and use let in the second person, as let me advise, let me speak. It is evident that let has here the sense of allow or permit. Change the verb, and the reasoning will appear conclusive,-allow me to advise, permit me to speak.

+ The active participle is sometimes used as a noun; but as it is deficient in elegance, it should be avoided, as “The moral law consists in the obeying of God and the loving of our neighbour." This mode of expression is very cumbersome. Obedience to God, and love to our neighbour," is preferable.

of a transitive verb to the verb to be; which is thus conjugated : Present.

Past.

Passive Participle. Am, be

was

been
INFINITIVE MOOD.
Present. To be. Perfect. To have been.

INDICATIVE MOOD.-Present tense,
Sing.

Plural.
1. I am (be +) accosted 1. We are (be) accosted
2. Thou art (be'st) accosted 2. You are (be) accosted
3. He is (be) accosted 3. They are (be) accosted

Past tense. 1. I was (were t) accosted 1. We were accosted 2. Thou wast (were) accosted 2. You were accosted 3. He was (were) accosted 3. They were accosted

Perfect tense. (Have.) 1. I have been accosted 1. We have been accosted 2. Thou hast been accosted 2. You have been accosted 3. He has been accosted 3. They have been accosted

Perfect anterior.—(Had.) 1. I had been accosted

1. We had been accosted 2. Thou hadst been accosted 2. You had been accosted 3. He had been accosted 3. They had been accosted

* The author recommends the verb be to be carefully studied, before using it in the passive form; when perfectly acquired, the passive participle may be added, and the passive voice will then be easily attained.

+ This verb appears to be very irregular in all languages. Formerly be was used in all the persons of the present tense, as we find in the Bible, “Jehu said to all the people, ye be righteous."-2 Kings x. 9. Narrow is the way which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it."--Matt, vii, 14.

Be is now always used when doubt, condition, contingency, or end is expressed, as “And Isaac said unto Jacob, come near, that I may feel thee, whether thou be my son Esau.”-Gen. xxvii. 21. “ If God be for us, who can be against us?”-Rom. viii. 31.

I Were and wert are used in the singular, where doubt, contingency, &c. are expressed.

D

Future.-(Shall, will.)
Sing.

Plural. 1. I shall be accosted

1. We shall be accosted 2. Thou shalt be accosted 2 You shall be accosted 3. He shall be accosted 3. They shall be accosted

Future anterior.-(Shall, will, have.) 1. I shall have been accosted 1. We shall have been accosted 2. Thou shalt have been 2. You shall have been accosted

accosted 3. He shall have been 3. They shall have been accosted

accosted

IMPERATIVE Mood. 2. Be, or be thou accosted 2. Be, or be ye accosted

POTENTIAL Mood.

Present tense.—(May, can, must.) 1. I may be accosted

1. We may be accosted 2. Thou mayst be accosted 2. You may be accosted 3. He may be accosted 3. They may be accosted

Past.-(Might, could, would, should.) 1. I might be accosted 1. We might be accosted 2. Thou mightst be accosted 2. You might be accosted 3. He might be accosted 3. They might be accosted

Perfect.-(May, can, must, have.) 1. I may have been accosted 1. We may have been accosted 2. Thou mayst have been 2. You may have been accosted

accosted 3. He may have been 3. They may have been accosted

accosted

Perfect anterior.-(Might, could, would, should have.) 1. I might have been accosted 1. We might have been

accosted 2 Thou mightst have been 2. You might have been accosted

accosted 3. He might have been 3. They might have been accosted

accosted

« PreviousContinue »