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short space of little more than twenty comfort that supports him, under years, had raised his country to a the manifold dittreffes and afflictions pitch of civilization, wealth and pro- of this lite. iperity, "unexampled, for the time, This inimitable produâion v:herein the annals of ihe world.

in the zeal of an Athanasius seems 10 The first years which had elapsed. be united to the erudition of a Hilafter his return to lieland, appear lary, proved an effcctual antidote to have been principally devoted to against the virus that flowed from the arduous duties of the miniftry, the envenonied pen of the modern in the city of Cork, where the salu. Servetus, and recommended the autary effects of his evangelical labours thor to the notice and intimacy of foon became conspicuous in the some of the most enlightened and happy change of morals which was liberal characters of the country. oblerved to have taken place among Soon after appeared his “Remarks many of the lower classes of society on the Letter of John Welley,' &c. in that ciiy ; and where he confe. that celebrated patriarch of methocrated by his indefatigable exertions, diftical enthusialin, whose writings a house of worship to the sovereign eyidently tended to rekindle in IreGod, which is still known by the land, the torch of civil discord and name of Father O'Leary's Chapel. religious fanaticisin, which had been

It was not long however, before but just happily extinguished in this an occasion presented itself for a country, and in this metropolis, more conspicuous display of his where its pernicious effects were leSplendid talents, in his Answer to a gible in bioad characters of conflar deiftical and blasphemous work, gration and blood. which at that time made its ap. But the sound argument, delicate pearance, under the specious title of irony, and strong point of animad'Thoughts on Nature and Religion. version which pervaded the Remarks Zealous as he had ever been to of our Irish Ganganelli, fo confouncontribute to the happiness of his ded his adversary, and disconcerted fellow-nien, by pointing out to them the flagitious projects of fallion, cothe consoling inotives of the chriftian vering itselt under the borrowed and religion, and directing their views facred name * of religion, and whose beyond the limits of this world, to principles and practices the enlightthe cheering prospect of a more ened and liberal professors of that happy state of existence. in a world religion held in the utmost abhorof immortality; he was rouzed to rence, in common with all true holy indignation by a work, which, friends of the country, and wellby denying the Divinity of Christ, wishers to the peace and prosperity cut off the merit of faith, the com- of she empire at large, that it was fort of hope, and the motives of then fondly hoped, that the demon charily; and, by denying the im- of religious animosity, which had lo mortality of the foul, degraded hu. long deformed the fair face of Ireman nature, and confounded inan, land, the destructive effets of whose that noblest image of the Creator, malign influence on that country we with the beast that perisheth; and had since but too much reason to thus, by tending to fap the whole fyltem of naturat and revealed reli.. N O T E. gion, lended at the same time to deprive wretched man of the only * Protestant Affociation.

deplore, deplore, would for ever be banished Shall then the costly mausoleuin from her happy coast.

be raised to the memory of the rich " The other literary productions of vulgar, who only vegetate and rou?' O'Leary, which in the elegant lan- Shall the sculpiured monument guage of Lord Avonmore, flowed transmit to posterity che hated nanies from the urbanity of the heart, were of those ofcourges of mankind, who, his Liyalty Afestal or a Vindication with baleful aspect, and malign inot inc Oath of Ailegiance, with an fluence, dazzle, alarm, and vanish, impartial enquiry into the Pope's and, like the Aaches that issue froni teaporal power, and the prelent the thunder-cloud, territy and blait, clains of the Siuaris io the Engil and quickly disappear in the bosoni throne, proving that both were of the sturm; while not a stone shall equally grounulels-His Address to inform the inquisitive ftranger, that the People of Ireland, on occasion O'Leary was an Irishman, O'Leary of an appichended invahon by the whole benign paffige through lite French and Spaniards in July 1779. was like the retrelhing dew, or the * His Efay on Toleration, tending vernal iun, cheering and cherishing to prove that any jpiculative opi- every object within his sytten? Buc pions ought not lo u prive himn though no sculptured brass ou storied. of the rights of civil 1.ciety. . urn shall recount to atter ages his :- An Apology. occasioned by Thune actions or his virtues, he has erectderstruck's remarks on the mode ed in the hearts of a grateful people, of giving abiolution to Popish Cri- a monument niore durable than mar. minals under sentence of death. ble or bronze, which shall stand un

It was the intention of Doctor impaired, when the stately monuO'Leary to have compiled the hiito. ments of human pride and wordly ry of his native country, and for this grandeur shall crumble into duit. purpose he was to have gone '10 Rome, where the beit documents

-10on Irish affairs are preserved in the Vatican. It is to be lainented that the The Life of Mr. Charles O'Conor, infirmities incident to age, prevented this patriotic resolution, and Ireland

(Continued from page 211.) has to deplore a loss which perhaps may never be retrieved.

His next publication was his counDr. O'Leary was a profound po- ter appeal to the public against Sir litician.--He saw his country past

y part Richard Cox's appeal on the behavi. and prelent-ils history was before his eyes-iis dittractions, its luffer.

our of Charles Lucas

The injury Lucas exerted his pa. ings, its animofities. He underftood iis natural and political advan- lotilm againlt was that, by which tages in all their bearings, and he

the wept for the infatuarion, which kept difcord alive amongst its inhabitants. He knew ihe poiton which worked

NOT E. all these dreadful effects, and he Thewed himselt one of the best bene

* Witness Nelson's monument. factors of his country, by promoting

Shame on Irish public 1piqit, which à union of sentiment, and a brother immortalizes an Engliihman, and hood of affection amongst its peopke neglects her own childıen.''

the commons were deprived of the ledge it to be his, only that his corpower of chufing the city magistrates, refpondence with Reily the Editor and that power was placed in the obliged him to acquiesce. board of aldermen, subject to the ap "Your ioflaminatory counter-approbation of the Lord Lieutenant. peal,' says Reily, “has been roared

He opposed tbis with variety of ar “ about the streets here all this day, gument and some eloquence in a peri- “ and so inflaming it is, that Walter aical paper, entitled the Cenfor, “ Harris the historian, told the agaloft which Şir Richard Cox, un. “ printer, Kelburne, he would be der the title of Anthony Litten, “ sunimoned to the bar of the house, wrote his appeal to the public, abu: “and fent to Newgate ; for that it Gog Lucas as an incendiary and a “ is of a more dangerous tendency papill, and treating that description than all Lucas's ppers together. of people, and the bulk of the Irish na ": he belt of it is that Kelburne tion with the most unmerited con. bimfelf cannot guess the author ; tempt

. “ some fay he is Brooke, others Agaiott e' is appeal of Sir Rich: " Lucas hin self; but let them guess ard Mr. O'Conor wrote his coun: "op while they are safe. – You must ter-appeal, to shew that so far from “guard against Sir Richard's friends, being addicted to lavish opinions, the "he is not only warm but malicious Irih nation had, on the contrary, against Lucas. laboured under a long complication

“ Your's, &c of evils resulting from licentiousness,

“CIVICUS.and that it was their greatest political, Dublin, Cat, 12, 1749. misfortune and the source of all their calamities, that the excess of liberty MR.O'CONNOR TO CIVICUS. which prevailed among them was not tempered by aristocracy in such a

“ Your hints are friendly, and manner as to afford a solid support to

“ demand my thanks, but I am by no mogarchy on the one side as well to

“ means interelted, oor is any of our freedom on the other.*

“ unfortunate people in this affair of This pamphlet is dated from the

" Lucas, into which we are dragged town of Londonderry, Sept 30,

“ by violent and wanton malevo. 174. It was written in a hafty

“ lei ce I have even some disgust aegligent manner, merely for the con “ to Lucas, on account of his Bare left and the pallion of the day and " ber's letters, a true patriot would Mr O'Conor would never acknow. “ not have betrayeit such malice to

“ such unfortunate Naves as we. But

" those boafters, the Whigs, are ia NOT E.

« fearch of liberty, just as Herod

" was of Christ, to crush it in its io. Whal I have advanced, says "fancy, and have all to themselves, Mr. O'Conor on this subject, I have

“ Your's, &c. extracted from our ancient M.S.S. oct. 28, 1749. the only depositories of the form of our ancieni conftitution, and parti- It is observable no withstanding cularly from the M.S.S. of Cuan Harris's menaces, that the most oba O'Loghan, who administe: ed ile jeftionable paffage in the counter-ap. affairs of Ireland on the death of peal is this : •Can it at this time of Malachy II. Ar. Dom. 1022. 16 day be a matter of doubt whether os we Irish have a right to the laws ment, to repeal those laws which " and constitution of our fathers, or obliged them to serve a foreign go. 23 “ are we to live subject to the dic. vernment against their own. The 1990 “ tates of an incompatible legisla- O'Connor families were at this time zor “tion”

very numerous in France, Spain, Ita, X The bug-bear of jacobitism which ly, Germany, and Ireland; they 213 was so successtully played off in these paid close attention to every circumbigotted times rendered all publica. Itance that appeared any way contions favourable to Ronan Catholics ducive to an alleviation of their dif. Se very dangerous to their authors, any treffes. Family pride united with the thing that could tend to foften the poverty has a much greater influence to its rigour of the penal code was highly on the human mind, and sharpeos in life in alarining, and every possible step was vention in an age of chivalry more listes taken to prevent the governing party's than we who live under the influence Rapoa granting the smallest degree of tole. of metaphysical calculations and mer. ration to their Catholic countrymen. cantile measures, can well cooceive. If the The hopes that their peaceable con The Chevalier O'Conor who was at the duct and leady loyalty for the space the head of those families in France, resep of 70 years would ultimately liberate wrote to Mr. O'Conor of Belenagare, contra them, reconciled the unfortunate to request he would prevail on their doch sufferers in some measure to the hor- various connexions to equip them be is rors of their captivity.

selves as decently as possible, and the And no doubt it is one of the as you are very popular among them, greatest alleviations of misery that the says he, “ on account of your patri. chenille unfortunate are ever consoling them- otic efforts, you will easily prevail ! selves with imaginary prospects of on them to assemble at Cloonalis, in their own creation, that what we order to procure his Lord Ship's at lata with should happen, we believe will tendance at a General Meeting of these come to pass and that though we are your adherents, relations, &c. and almost always disappointed, we als through him, who is an old Roman ways fancy to ourlelves a new hori. Catholic nobleman, to make a tender 200 which hope brightens up and of your loyalty and services to your imagination eodeavours to realize king and country.” even by the most remote and uncon- Lord Tillon arrived, but the meet. nected incidents. Such was to the ing was not countenanced ; the Irish miseries of the Roman Catholics of government had no occasion for the the province of Connaught the arri. services of men who were suppoled to val of Lord Dillon from France, in be in combination against it, and the 1752. Those families particularly influence of its laws fomented animo, whose children served in the armies of lities among them which put an end France, flattered themselves with the to their union by encouraging tome plealing illusion that his Lordlip's acts which excited the rebellion arrival would give rise to foine now children against their parents. com incident, and occasion some change vernments feldoin make concessions for the better in their affairs. As from pure benevolence, Kings may, the Irish regiments had behaved gals and often have ; I could Thew many lantly in the fervice of our enemies examples of the latter, not one or on the Continent, they hoped that, former, “and ic would be as fince it was the interelt, so it would says an ingenious writer (Mc. Ken be the policy of the English govera. “ to rent our hopes on a narracus

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deliverance, as to expect Govern. thusiasm of their fathers which lookments would do any thing for us, ex ed to Ireland, as that of the song of cept under a conviction of its being Sion on the Eupbrates looked to Jeexpedient ; it is therefore our own in. rulalem, had evaporated before the terest to create this expedience by manners of a French court, preferunremitting application to industrious ments were bestowed by the interest pursuits.” The goodness of Mr. of fine ladies, on men who were not O'l onor's heart did not allow him entitled to them; the noble principle to see the justice of this observation of family hoor urs, and the high maruotill he had spent the greatert part tial spirit of hereditary glory which of his life, trying in vain to foften was the pledge of an elevated conthe hearts of men in power, by duct, was chus in a great degree depaipting the calamities of his coun. Itroyed; for our native country is trymen. It was only towards the end foon forgotten when we have nothing of his life that he saw his puerility in to attach us to it, and military disci. this respect, and then he would say pline is enervated when loog services with a smile, Let us fee will they are not rewarded, and preferments país ao act to prevent the encrease are b ftowed by intrigue on the unof population. The day is approach- worthy and the effe inale, This reing fall, when our swarms will be as , volusion in the discipline of the Irish numerous as the locults on the banks Brigade which commenced about this of the Nile, and then we will see time was procured from Ireland, on how it will answer with those politi- account of the suspicious vigilance of cians to mock the miseries they have Goveroment, they therefore levied in created themselves.

Liege, where they could be procured He died before that day came ; he cheap, for Liege was a second asywas allowed to see it at a distance, as lum of Romulus in which robbers Moses saw the land of Canaan, and and criminals from all parts of the when by his exertions with I'r. world found protection Thus the Curry, Lord Taafe, Mr Wise of Irish officers some of whom were Waterford, Anthony Lermott, and men of great ai ilities and unshaken Lr. Carpenter, he had prepared the honour, were obliged by ftern necefway for a rising generation, he made fity to entrust to a banditti those lauroom for those illustrious characters, rels which had coft their fathers so of whom Major Sweetman says, much blood, and their families so " that they cast the foundation of much property. Those officers who Catholic liberty amidst the intrigues, had still an enthusiastic attachment and lies, and calumoies and mena to Ireland, mention this circunstance ces of their enemies.”

in their letters to their friends, with Thus disappointed in their hopes, an emotion wbich is the result of the ill-fated natives were obliged to manly bravery and amiable feelings. continue the old fyltem of sending " lo die in a foreign land,” says their children to the service of France one of theme to Mr. O'Conor,

a sorry expedient-attended with “even though it fhould be far from many evils, and few advantages. At you and all my friends, would be tothis time the Irish Brigade was no lerable; but to be protaning the name more what it was at Fontenoy than of any countrymen by giving the title the Irish nation what it was in the of Irish Brigades to outcasts from 6th and 7th centuries, most of the society who have no principle of ho. officers were born in France, the eg- nour or religion, is so mortifying,


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