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SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

IRELAND

and beheld us with the 'ghastig A general and decided opinion of snuile' of selfish pleasure, working the Protestant gentlemen of rank and our own weakness and national disproperty of this country, has been

tress. Let any one acquainted but given to the world in favour of their slightly with the history of purty in Catholic fellow.subjects. This true this country reflect but a moment, love of country and of man so hand. and he must be convinced of its de somely displayed hy our resident meir structive tendency : He must perof worin and raienis, is the harbinger ceive that it has been used as the best of coming happiness, independance instrument by IMPERIOUS NECESand security. It is an interesting site in paralyse our national enerevidence of the progress of philan- gies, and to dupe us into misery, tropy. and justice, it is also a pro. The names Catholic and Protestant tound practical deduction of political have been trumpeted through Ireland reasoning. This state of the public as the watchwords of internal strife. protestant mind is what the enemies We have, alas! been caught by the of Ireland always laboured to prevent. sounds and suffered--but happily It was to hinder this feeling from they now begin to die on our ears becoming general, that such states. without any emotion, and we begin man as Pitt always lighted up in to see that though there exist in our unfortunate and deluded covnery religion Catholicity and Protesta!? the torch of division and disunion. tism, yet that Catholicity and ProAll the bad, selfish, and depraved testantism are mere non-entities in ministers of England who, with the politics. An alliance between the true spirit of their nation, wished to people and their landlords, where inonopolize all the liberty and bap- mutual interest and confidence are piness of the world to themselves, unequivocally understood by boili, have seen and infamously acred up is a plain system that will produce to the vecessity of separating the all the solid happiness which the exhearts and affections of the Irish. rinction of domestic jealousies must By whatever denomination they were inevitably occasion. The impolicy of designated, an Orange and an anti- despising the people (we mean with Orange party has always been fos- the Irish geritry) and of enlisting in

ered amongst us with savage care; the factions of distant statesmen, our masters speculated on the dura. whose existence in power is as uncer. tion of our animosities, well knowing tain as any of the varying fashions of hat a people so rich in natural re- the day, seems at length to be abanisources and so great in numbers could doned. The sensible resident

gen. 2100 be well managed without the tlemen' of Ireland, alarmed at the aid of this internal dividing machi. agitated scenes which Ewope has ex. mers. dges have rolled away whilst hibited the last twenty years, warned Aishinen seein to have been intent by the awful exampies of fallen sore. un nothing more than thirsting for reigns, and extinguished dynasties, and drwhing each of her's blood. have awakened from thai delusion We have been incessantly waginy which leagued them in the desirucwars of faction against each other, live politics of anoth r country, 2. whilst the detestable machiavelian syinst the happini'n änd tranquillity of policy of our neighbours 'sat apart their peasantry:

LEWIS

ners,

very

Lewis XV!!! and his mendicant cipation, and an entire change of Court, is a living and humiliating system in the practical government example of the errors of former man of the Irish,

The People whom his an. As to the refusal of the grant to cestors, their women and parasites, the college of Maynooth, it was despised and oppressed, have avenged shameful-it was despicable--it was themselves by a reconciliation to the unworthy the grovelling spirit of the brilliant and cheaper denomination lowest pettifogging attorney. If the of the military successor to the throne Catholics of Ireland would act with of the unfortunate Capets, Tbe becoming spirit, they ought to throw French canaille, as they were con. up the whole original grant and suptemptuously termed, are now culti- port their ecclesiastical college, as vating their vines and their corn on ihey do their priests, by voluntary the lands which employed their contributions, Did each catholic forefathers, whilst the descendant of give but one shilling annually their sovereign is a poor suitor for a 200,000l. would be raised, a sum livelihood at the mansion of an En. fifteen times more than the necessary glish nobleman, the victim of that expenditure of the college, destructive system which in the old regine of France made him to set qt nought the wishes of his subjects and

To the Editor. to adopt the haughtiness of wicked ministers,

ON THE LINEN TRADE, Again we congratulate our coun. Some apprehensions for the safety iry on the expression of unanimity of what is called our staple manu. which has gone forth. Equal rights facture, are entertained by many well will not be obtained by the People meaning persons, if hostilities take this session of parliament. Mr. Pern place between England and America. ceval will make his last stand in de. The want of flaxseed, and the loss fence of political bigotry and intol. of an American market for our linens erence; but let another year pass must certainly operate in a serious away and not Mr. Perceval

, sup- degree to affect the trade, but for ported even by the Hydra behind my part, Mr. Editor, I can discover the throne, can be able to stem the very little inconvenience to the com. torrent of Protestant and Catholic munity, by the destruction of the petitions which will overwhelm him. manufacturing systein. A few richa The universal expressed sense of the men of extensive capital, may be Irish nation no English minister will driven 10 bankruptcy by its extinc. have the hardihood to despise. The tion, but the valuable poor mustul. minister now, in the omnipotence of timately be benefited. England had nie majority and in the' wantonness wisely, though unfairly lett is this of power, may sport with the feelings manufacture, which depends on the of the Catholics of Ireland; he may caprice of foreign nations, or the add insult to privation, but we tell chances of war for its existence, and him boldly that the day will shortly to procure the materials of which, come when he shall have no alterna- we must make a long and expensive tive remaining but either to desert voyage. We were compelled to his bed of roses, his beloved seat, or surrender our wool, that grow's at to advise his majesty that the temper horre, to our English neighbours, and of the times requires Catholic eman.

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to seek the materials for a new branch gration. It would be a favorable of manufacturing industry. Our circumstance to the tranquility and dear sister gave us the liner trade for happiness of this country if England two purposes. As it has becn car- would take this linen trade with the ried on with considerable success in other branches of industry from us, many countries on the continent, in tilage muse certainly succeed it, as Flanders, Silesia, and Russia, where the lands employed in Ulster should it has arrived to a great perfection, be applied in a more rational and and can be broughi to any maike beneficial maquer, by feeding the to rival us in price, on account of the people, which they now contribute cheapness of ihe necessaries of life in tu starve. There would indeed be a in those countries. England wisely less number of palaces, but more coirejected a trade which offered lite i tages : tranquility would be more her cupidity, and conferred the un. etficiently secured : it would be dif. profitable boon on us, in exchange ficult to persuade a man possessed of for our wool and our yarn. The a comfortable residence, to gamble consequence to Ireland is, that to be it in insurrections against the chances able to meet foreign linens in any of the bayonet and toe gibbet. market, can be only done by selling The expenses and privations which on such cheap terms, that the poor we have encountered by a war of 15 weaver or spinner, must be siarved years, have so raised the necessaries by his rich employer into such terins of life, that we cannot bring our as will enable his linens to have any s'aple to market on such terms as sale, where the foreign linens are at those people can who are not taxed market. Having no uther branch of as we are: and to this favourable industry to resori to, the naked fe. circumstance we must dáte the happy males must submit to such mode of extinction of weaving, spinning and living as a proud employer dictates, hunger, inseperable companions, that so humbled are the wretches who have brutalized the poor and har. spin flax into thread, that a woman, dened the rich, producing insurrece for 108 hours work at the wheel, tion, civil wars, and depopulation. never can earn more than eighicen

W. pence, a sunr. unequal to the purchase of one day's food. Thus the OR MOND-BRIDGE. best and most valuable of society are Provincial licleness and national starved and worked, to preserve the degradation, the fataland humiliating character of what is boasted of, as our eif.cts of the Union, are every day staple inanufacture, nor have they reininding us of the serious losses 40 any other reluge left but emigration live sysained by the extinction of 10 Ainerica, to which fly from Ci our deg lative assemblie, Ireland, ster at least twenty-five thousand poor de graded Licland, has nothing persons annually.

Agriculture in of her own growth of dignified in. Ireland offers no alternative, chelands poriünce, nothing of worib in bor are monopolized by the rich manu- men or of moment in her events, facturer, or enclosed as demenses by whereby to designate by a distiuthe Lord, and so completely is in. guished 19. me a bridge, a street, a dustry beaten down, by she manu- court, nor an ally. We must now facturing system, tie feudal pride of be all English, and every vestige of landlords, and the disregard to tillaga,

Iria

Dame or Irish character it that the poor have no refuge but eni. would seem is to be defaced from

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OUR

In peace

our vier. The new bridge to be dize, to the confined and comparithrown over the liffey, is to be tively mart which two snall islands christened by an English or rather offer, where nine-reuths of her inan old French title. Ormond-bridgedustry is precluded by law, such as is no longer to be allowed in Dublin. the productions of China, and other This old Irish name, infamous as it countries beyond the Cape of Good has been in the history of Irish mis. Hope, with such West Iodia profortunes, is still Irish, and should not duce as is not the growth of the be exchanged for the foreign and English islands, America imports illegitimate one of Richinond, though at least twenty thousand tons of teas a present viceroy may wear it with a annually, which she disposes of in little honor. The name of Ormond the northern parts of Europe. Were at least communicates ideas of mar. she to enter into any ailiance with tial fame, it can boast great military England she should give up this trade, ruffians and princely scoundrels, as the English East India company, whose ambition and list of power must have the exclusive right of their bartered their couniry's rights and owo marketAmerica also imports religion for foreign honours and a a considerable quantity of spices, foreign creed. I deserves the esteem which are disposed of iv Europe, bea even of Englishmen, in preference to sides Turkey coffee, articles not al. that of Richmond, for it owes not lowed to be sold in England but by its original eminence to the couch of the East India company. royal guilty pleasure, but to the or war, America is not only shut out tent of a hero.

of the British market, for the sale of

Eastern produce, but is precluded AMERICA.

bringing any of the sugars of the The French En;peror has inter. West India' islands no: British into dicted the entrance of American any of the dependencies ví Englani. shipping into any port in Europe America will not easily be convinced under his influence, this measure is of the necessiiy of givirg up such calculated to basten the decision of extensive means of prosperity for an the United States, on what course of alliance, that would render her ship. politics they will adopt. This ap- ping useless, and perhaps proroke parent hostility on the part of the the resentment of France o ser a French ruler puts a question to the minde of retaliation, as to exclude her, American governineni, which must not only in war, but in peace from be inmediately answered, if it values the European continent. the vast commercial intercourse it France, by its universal dominion, heretofore carried 011, with so much can gratify the cominercial cupidity success, as to raise the American of America without sustaining any nation within twenty years, to be the injury berself. England cannot insecond trading country in the world. duige America in any one branch of We apprehend if Ainerica takes any trade without destroying some im. part in the war, she will embark biet portant link in her trading policy. fortune with France; her trading in. She cannot indulge America in asterest even in war must be of consi- sisting her to a market for East India derable extent, and she will not be products, without harrying her ow'ri easily influenced to abandon such a great company to ruin, nor can she market as the entire continent of countenance ihe American West Europe, where she can dispose of all India trarle, without destroying her her native and imported merchan, own islandi, plaixers, and merchants.

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America " with steps

America has made very serious sible. The Irish fair exhibit their abridgments on the East and West fine-turned limbs in all the naked India trade of England ; not having artless gaiety of nature, the expences attending great trading as light as air," and "on the light and military establishments, without fantastic toe” they trip it over the taxes, without the heavy war insu. hovel-iringed road. The petticoats rances of her rivals, she can bring most worn are the linsey, and the the rude produce of the two worlds most fashionable colours the narrow cheaper to narker, and has so como blue stripe with alternate grey. The pleiely sucededed that slie has long form varies according to the taste since undersold the English mer- and means of the wearer. Some of chants in the continental markets, them are perfectly round and reach

nearly to the knee, where they are Irish Fushions for May. sometimes met by the tops of vener. THE genial warmth of summer able and many-holed stockings.having succeeded the chilling blasts Thro' a preposterous love for variety and dreary rains of spring, has ena. these stockings are not always of the bled the peasant sons and daughters same colour, and not unfrequently of Erin to put on a new and lighter may be seen a black stocking on one dress. They have thrown off a con. foot and a grey one on the other. siderable quantity of the weightier The men are equally careless, but appendages of their fragmented ha. one thing seems to be common to biliments, commonly called rags, by both sexes, the stocking never which the symmetry and harmony reaches with either below the ancle. of the form were so much concealed, Other petticoats are composed of and by which even the difference of piebald lateral fragments connected

was scarcely distinguishable, only at the top. These vibrate withe The woollen and hay-rope, or girdle, the gentle zephyr and in their undua has been laid aside, which used to lation display a variety of graces. encircle the loins, serving to keep This petticoat is a great favourite together the upper and lower gar with men of taste and lovers of sim. ments, connecting the buttonless plicity. No head-dress is worn, but breeches and the stringless pellicoat, the hair is suffered to wanton in the with the vest, cont, or clouk, which air, in easy negligent gracefulringlets. hung in beautiful festooning jiggets, The younger branches are enor drapery, over the cestis. The tirely quit of their winter cloathing; coat and vest are now of ihe most as the convenient summer declares it delightful fawn-coloured freize, and no longer necessary to trouble the

pac of the real manufacture of Cunna. rent or törment the child by the pain. mara. Some seem to be fonder of ful task of binding their little forms in the blue rattera of Carrick-on Suir: the tattered garment or broken rug. The muntle of the women which The rising race sport on the verdant Anwed over all their talters, and lawn or hum in the busy school, unen. which was so thickly inlaid with cunrbered with any artificial covering, patchwork and fanciful quilting, has What a pity that Lord Castlere agk disappeared, and given place to the and the Union-makers are not enjoy. stuff coat which universally prevails. ing with their ladies and little ones, The feet have also been released from

this luxury of dress which they have their cumbersome winter covering of have so generally and cqually be hay bandages and old hars, and the stowed to their happy and cunobled costume nud now every where is vir countrymen.

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POETRY

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