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OFFICE, BREAM'S BUILDINGS CHANCERY LANE, EC.

BY JOHN C. FRANCIS.

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NOTICE.The JANUARY issue of THE TEMPLE BAR MAGAZINE, now ready, contains, among other articles of interest, Letters of Edward Fitzgerald to Fanny Kemtle, 1871-1883– The Jon and the Jeroel-An Old Society Wit, by Mr. Andrew Crosse— Prior Gilbert's Sister-Some Beauties of Cowper--Letters from a French Atelier__"With Compliments and Thanks "--and Lady Jean's Vagaries, Chaps. 9-11.

There is abundant proof in the January number of Temple Bar that this world-renowned magazine is still likely to hold its own."- Durham Chronicle, December 28, 1894.

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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1895.

took place. It is believed that the family left

Whitchurch about 150 years before they settled in CONTENT 8.-No 158.

Hantingdonshire, NOTES :-Cromwell in Wales, l-Lincoln's Inn Fields, 2

After the capture of Chepstow Castle, where Benyowszky, 4-Thanksgiving for Birth of Charles II.-Inscription-A Page of Occult Philosophy, 5-Tennyson Martin, one of the men who signed the deed of

Job - "Scone Prittlewell, Essex - Saturday execution of the king, was confined for twenty Review,' 6.

years after the Restoration, the Parliamentary QUERIES :-H. B. Willis – Copley Fielding's Carlisle forces pushed on to Cardiff, which was captured Castle'-Mitchelgemot "

- "Playing the Wag”-Address through the traitorous conduct of a Royalist. This Wanted—“The Bull-Roarer"-Gradwell-Pronunciation man was hanged by Cromwell, who rightly said of Place-names-Letter Brands worn by Criminals, 7-that if he was false to one side he would be false Dryasdust: Smellfungus-Reade-Tom Brown's School Days'- Mighells—Ten Thousand a Year," 8–Worst Edi- to the other. Sheriff Carne, whose descendants tion of Shakspeare – Parker “Bos locutus est”-Who still reside at St. Donat's Castle, in Glamorganmurdered Shakspeare, in 1730 ? 9.

shire, was in command for the king. Col. Borton REPLIES :-Whetstone Park, 9-Relics of Charles I.

was then sent on ahead with 8,000 men to clear "Jingo," 10-- Waterloo-" Sea-blue bird of March," 12- the road for Cromwell, and fought a battle “Butt "-Plaice-Sense of Hearing in the Blind-"A at St. Fagan's, where the present Lord Windsor mutual friend "-" House - place "=Living-room, 13- bas a castle situated in the midst of lovely * Blunders of a Big-Wig'-Spa, 14—Sir Martin Wright Geology-Robert Pollok - Major Fairfax - Meaning of scenery. The Royalists, who numbered three Quotation-German Poetry-City Church Registers, 15– times as many as Col. Horton's command, wore

deParish Registers-Ship Names--Unfinished

Books, 16– feated with great loss. The little river Ely Ancestry of Agatha-Pistols-Tattersall—Edinburgh City red with blood,” according to tradition, and 600 Guilds - Picture of Charles I., 17—“Mending or Ending" - Daily Orator - Dukes of Brittany - Silver Flagon-This battle took place on May 8, 1648, a few

women in Glamorganshire were made widows. Knickerbockers-Authors Wanted, 18.

months before the execution of the king. NOTES ON BOOKS:-Smith's Cyclopædia of Names'•Le Monde Moderne'-The Antiquary'-Magazines

Cromwell rested for a time at Fopmon Castle, Cassell's Publications.

the seat of Col. Jones, his brother-in-law, who did Notices to Correspondents.

some cruel work in Ireland, at Drogheda and Limerick, and whose descendants still reside in

the castle. There is a portrait of the Protector in Botes,

the dining-room to this day, and every male mem

ber of the family takes the name of Oliver ; but CROMWELL IN WALES.

they are no longer Puritans, but staunch members The character of Cromwell bas been viewed of Ohurch and State. from different standpoints, according to the bias of The Roundheads then pushed on to Carmarthen, the writer. The Welsh historian, Carnhuanawc, captured the castle, and proceeded to Tenby said that if Charles I. had not held the absurd Carmarthen Castle, or what remains of it, is used doctrine of the divine right of kings he would at present as a prison, having been altered in not bave sacrificed his life, and if Oliver Cromwell accordance with the ideas of the philanthropist had not held such narrow views of the pleasures John Howard. The town of Tenby was taken by of the people he might have founded a dynasty. assault, and then Cromwell marched to Pembroke, Cromwell was a great soldier, but a poor states- where he found "the hardest nut to crack," as he man, as he was intolerant and bigoted, and did remarked, in the wbole campaign. not allow fair play to any other sect than his own. Pembroke Castle stands on a creek of the famous

The object of the present article is to illustrate Milford Haven, & shoot of water which could har. his career in Wales, a portion of history which has bour all the ships of the British navy. The defeated been somewhat neglected. It is generally believed troops from Chepstow, Cardiff, Carmarthen, and that Cromwell descended from a Welsh stock, and Tenby rallied there, led by General Laugharpe and that his ancestors lived at Whitchurch, about three Colonels Powell and Poyer; and as there was an miles from Cardiff. Col. Cromwell, his cousin, abundance of corn stored there, with mills to grind apon the eve of the execution of the king, went it, and an unintermittent supply to water from the to Oliver, in order to try to dissuade bim from Hogan or Wogan, a cave beneath the castle, the carrying out the dread sentence. He said, “You garrison determined to hold out for any length of know that we had to change our name from time. Cromwell, however, sent a night expedition Williams to Cromwell in consequence of the dis- to cut off their water, and bis candon destroyed grace brought upon us by our ancestor ; and if you the mills, so that the men began to rebel against agree to take the life of the king we shall have to the authority of their officers, and threatened to change our name again.” The Protector and his throw them over the walls of the castle. Hunger cousin sat up nearly all night discussing the point ; and thirst at last did their work, and the officers robut the Protector was obdarate, and the execution solved to capitulate. Cromwell then decided to make

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