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TAIT’S

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

FROM JANUARY TO DECEMBER,

M J

1855.

VOL. XXII.

EDINBURGH:
SUTHERLAND & KNOX. — LONDON: PARTRIDGE & CO.

MDCCC LV,

INDEX TO

TO VOLUME XXII.

PAGE

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Edward Irving
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PAGE
American Humbug, The Great .
73 Maine Liquor Law Movement, The

423
Arctic Enterprise

129 Martial Success, Historic Illustrations of the
Avenging Ghost, The

209, 268
Secret of .

358
. 263 Mary Sutherland. A Tale

. 612, 658, 711
Bails, Samuel, On Mental Philosophy

Men and Movements of Our Times :
Brown Town, The.

526
1. The New “National” Party.

1
Celts in Brittany, The

555
II. Aberdeen and Palmerston

65
Chaucer, Gower, and Old England .

513

III. Lord John Russell and the Earl of Derby 173
Claims of the English, Tbe.

385

IV. Non-Intervention and Arbitration . . 293
Coffee Houses of the Restoration, The 101

V. Administrative Reform

429
Commanders, The Two—The People's and the Minstrelsy of the Middlesex Border, A

756
Glance at.

352
Copper Works of Swansea, The

149
Monopoly of Money, The

705
Count and the Emperor, The

321
Montgomery, Life of James.

159, 744
Diggings and Diggers of the West Country, The 193 Nicholas and bis Successor— The Congress and
Eastern Question, Historical “ Studies" of the 111 the Fast .

237
Freedom? What is

14 Notice of a Volume Printed for Private Cir-
Genius, Literature, and Devotion. No. III.

culation

88
8 “Only a Woman's Pamphlet”

549
289 | Our House at Home .

601
Great Debate, The
166 Paris, A Few Days in

449
Greels

, Horace, the Hero of Cheap Journalism 229 Path of Roses, The 200, 274, 345, 408, 466, 539
Grievances of the Civil Service .

729 Phillips, The Late Professor, T. K. Hunt, and
Hall
, Ruth, The Position of the Literary Man 218

J. G. Lockhart .

41
Hungary's Present State Described by an

Poetry :
Hungarian
170 Baby Talk

. 677
Irish Reminiscences, Some

Dei Sepoichri

. 595
489
Italian Idyll and Iliad, An

Elegy. Written on a Wet Morning . 300

681
Italy since the Revolution

Eleventh Hour, The

51
302, 363
Farewell .

743
Jewish Subjects of the Russian Czar, The 23

Mansfield at Temeswar
Kinburn and the Cossacks

741
Natures Voices.

. 165
Kings of the East ? Who are the
747 Political Jingles

• 759
. 370
Song

. 729
Life Assurance Companies, 63, 127, 191, 255, 318 “Swarthy Bigotrics"

. 502
383, 446, 511, 573, 638, 703 Poetry of Death, The.

157
Literary Diversions, Some
. 649 Political Novels, A Brace of .

483
- 762 Political Register 51, 116, 281, 242, 308, 373, 435
Literature, 54, 119, 183, 243, 311, 374, 436, 504

502, 562, 627, 692, 761
564, 630, 695 Poor Man's Market in London, The

337
214 Prescott's History of the Reign of Philip II. 732
Lost Love, A, by Ashford Owen, and Owen
Printing and Printers.

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390
677 Prussia, A Point at

. 257

.

Meredith's Poems

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Rank-Jobbing in the Army

331 Retrospections of a Reverist; or, How I
Reading Raids :---

Ilave Lived and Loved

17, 81
I. American Literature: Poe, Haw- Sailor, The Life of

. 582
thorne
33 Saunter near Shorncliffe

, 547
II. American Poets : Alice Carey, T. B.
Sicily, A Glance at

. 754
Read, O. W. Holwes, J. R. Lowell,

Sidney, Spenser, and Elizabethan Romance . 577
J. G. Whittier
93 Slaver, The .

. 597
III. Modern Asceticism versus Modern
Spencer, The Patrons and Genius of

641
Fiction .
13S Story, A Model

. 145
IV. The Cheap Press
223 Story, A Poor Fellow's

29
V. Representative Women : Nell Gwynne 282 Supplementary Despatches and Debates 494
VI. Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell. · 416 Swedenborg, Emanuel

. 586
VII. William Paley ·

476
VIII. Maud, and other Poems

531

Telse Wollersien. A Page from the Tragedy
XI. Charles Kingsley .

. 604
of War

399, 459, 520, 592
X. Apropos of Mr. Thackeray
670 War, The : Who's to Blame ?

45
XI. A Gossip over the Winter Fire . 723
Where are we to stop ?

345

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The history of English parties since the enact-stung into political death by the fangs of a com
ment of the Reform Bill, is one of the most in- bination of parties internally harmonious as “a
structive chapters in the political history of any jar of Egyptian eels, every one wriggling to the
people. Much that is interesting lies upon the top."
surface. There is seen at a glance the presence Parties were not dead, they were only sub-
of new political elements. From the commence- divided. In that subdivision there appeared a
ment of Parliamentary government there had great chance of popular gain. The balance of
existed the distinction, more or less broadly parties was destroyed, and it could only be re-
marked, of conservative politicians from re- stored by accessions of public confidence to this
forming politicians, a distinction generally party or to that. There was no political ques-
equivalent to the defence of prerogative on the tion sufficiently commanding public interest to
one hand and of popular rights on the other. In constitute a new principle of cohesion. The
the struggle for the Reform Bill

, kingly prero- Whig doctrine of finality and the popular wearigative was exerted on the side of popular rights, ness of Chartism had set aside the suffrage quesand the idols of the populace became at once the tion. The ecclesiastical relations of the State sycophants and the masters of the Court. Pre- permanently interested only a few Churchmen sently was seen the recovery of Conservatism and some Dissenters. It was, therefore, around from an unnecessary alarm, and the recoil of some man,

or group of men, 'at the head of one Democracy from an inevitable disappointment of the many parliamentary parties, that the inThe vanquished adherents of corrupted consti- fluences which make a government must collect. tutional usages quickly discovered that what Russell

, Derby, Aberdeen, and Cobden, were the they most valued had been retained, and much rival nuclei. "Russell had the advantage of presof the rest might be retrieved. The victims of tige and of actual possession. Office fell to him, an exaggerated expectation of improvement on Peel's overthrow, by a most significant neces

quickly discovered that they had sity. But neither the admiration of his heredigained nothing if not the power of gaining more. tary followers nor the influence of office could The formation of the great Peel party was the save him from the natural fate of little men unresult . sult of the other. The Peel party placed its Languid efforts in the old civil-and-religiouschiefs in power ; Chartism saw its chiefs dis- liberty interest, even aided by the inveterato appear into prison, thence to emerge into im- fidelity of Radicals, failed to avert an ignominious potence

. But the instructive contrast was not doom. Disraeli, Derby's lieutenant, overthrew him vet complete. Peel destroyed his party in in 1852, as Peel, Wellington's lieutenant, had carrying out the objects of a resistless popular overthrown him in 1835 and 1840. A second morement, and was forced from office because he time Whiggism perished of inanition-a second had exchanged for the headship of a party the time demonstrated its incapacity of independent idolatry of a nation. Then was demonstrated existence. But this time Russell made friends what Democracy had gained by the triumph with Aberdeen, as before he had made friends that seemed to have shattered Conservatism. with O'Connell; in both cases, aided by the inAnd then, too, was exhibited the fatuity of con- definite fears and hopes of Democracy. A coali

While every one was tion was constituted. Aberdeen and Russell took shouting“ Party is dead !" Peel was being office, with more than the acquiescence of

almost as

temporary impressions.

B

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