Bolivia: Public Policy Options for the Well-being of All

Front Cover
Vicente Fretes Cibils, Marcelo Giugale, Connie Luff
World Bank Publications, 2006 - Business & Economics - 538 pages
Bolivia's challenges with regard to policy are multiple, deep and multifaceted, and as such they require integral proposals. The book tries to cover these challenges in their different dimensions and presents options to grow more and better - creating jobs, with benefits for all, and without corruption and with civic participation. The design and implementation of all these options, simultaneously or in the short- and medium-term, is not feasible; and from here blooms options.
 

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Contents

Bibliography
46
Taxes Collection Capabilities and Distribution I Background
49
II Evaluation of National Taxes and Policy Options
52
III Tax Administration and Customs
58
IV Tax System on Upstream Hydrocarbons
62
V Distribution of Tax revenue
65
VI Conclusions
71
Bibliography
73
Transaction Costs and Aid Effectiveness I Background
85
II Pending Challenges
90
III Policy RecommendationsAn Opportunity
91
Resource Guide
96
Management and Sustainability of the Public Debt I Background
113
II Sustainability of the Debt
118
III Public Debt Management
121
IV Efficient Control of Subnational Debt
125
Bibliography
128
Challenges and Opportunities for the Financial System
135
I Background
136
II Recent Policy Measures Relevant to the Financial Sector
142
III Selected Issues and Policy Recommendations
146
Bibliography
151
The Gas Era I Background
163
II Industry Features
165
Bibliography
182
Economic Growth through Productivity and Competitiveness I Background The Problem is Slow Growth
185
II Issues of Competitiveness and the Investment Environment
189
III Policy Options and Choices
192
Bibliography
201
Rural Development
207
I Introduction
208
II The Principal Challenges
214
III Policy Options
222
Bibliography
227
Trade and Integration Policies I BackgroundCharacteristics of the External Sector
237
II Diagnosis Principal Restrictions in the Foreign Trade Sector
243
III Policy Recommendations
248
Bibliography
250
The Dynamics of Poverty and Inequality
255
Growth and Trends
256
II Constraints to Employment Creation the Demand for Labor
260
III Constraints to Human Capital Accumulation The Supply of Labor
264
IV Selected Policy Recommendations to Reduce Poverty and Inequality
266
Bibliography
269
Social Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples I Diagnosis
273
II Incidence of Poverty in the Indigenous and NonIndigenous Population
276
III The Challenge of Discrimination
280
IV Conclusions and Options for the Future
282
Bibliography
285
Gender Issues
289
II The Gender Outlook
290
III Economic Characteristics of the Citizenry
292
IV Violence against Women
294
The Health Sector I Background
329
II Organization of the Sector
332
III Principal Problems in the Sector
335
IV Policy Options
340
Bibliography
343
Social Protection I Introduction
345
Social Protection in Bolivia
346
III Principal Social Protection Programs and Projects
351
IV Principal Issues for the Sector
355
V Policy Recommendations
357
Bibliography
360
The Pension SystemReforms of the Reform I Background
363
II Challenges for the Sector
372
Bibliography
383
Water and SanitationServing People Better I Introduction
385
II Diagnosis of the Principal Problems and Challenges
387
III Policy Options for the Sector
399
Bibliography
403
Transportation Systems I Background
405
Key Issues for the Road Sector
415
III Policy Options
418
Bibliography
420
Environmental Degradation I Background
421
II Waterborne Diseases
424
III Air Pollution
425
IV Indoor Pollution
426
V Natural Disasters
427
VI Exploitation of Natural Resources
428
VII Institutional Analysis
431
VIII Policy Options
433
Bibliography
435
Land Policy I The Challenge Land Policy Implementation that Addresses Rural Poverty Inequality and Insecurity
439
II Complete Land Regularization and Restore Confidence in Land Institutions
442
III Adopt Land Distribution Mechanisms Prioritized by Objectives Employing Multiple Methods
443
IV Improve Land Taxation
446
VI Maintain the Integrity of Protected Areas and Forest Reserves
447
Bibliography
449
Toward Better Governance
453
The Functionality of Public institutions
454
II Progress toward a Transparent Efficient State
455
III Diagnosis of the Public Administration Reform
461
IV Policies for an Efficient and Transparent Public Administration
469
Bibliography
477
The Second Phase of Decentralization I Introduction
485
II Background
486
III Challenges of Decentralization
488
IV Policy Options
497
Bibliography
506
Justice and Public Security I The Justice Sector in Bolivia
511
II The Justice Sector and Public Security
513
III Conclusions and Recommendations
529
Bibliography
531
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