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MEDALS, SIEGE-PIECES, AND OTHER MEMORIALS OF CHARLES I.
The Medals and Siege-picts kete sheas are the size of the originals.
Drawn and Engraved by 7. L. Williams from the several objects.
3, 4. Bristol Siege
2.1. Brico 2. Silver-gilt Medal: Portrait Charles I. and Houses of Parliament. Coronation Medal of Gold. niece (copper). 5. Pontefract Siege-piece (silver. 6, 7. Newark Half-crown (silver. 8-0. 10 F pieces (silver: where coined not known). 12. One Shilling and fourpence (siege of Beeston Castle
of Scarborough). Shilling Piece (siege of Carlisle). 14. Fourpenny Piece (siege of Scarborough).
15. Sevenpenny Piece (Beeston
28. Memorial Ring, with devices enlarged. Castlel.
17, 18. Memorial Ring, with devices enlarge 16. Gold Ten-shilling Piece (Colchester
19. Memorial Heart, forming a small box.
who remained with him an hour in private prayer. he but the parliament who had begun the war; Abont ten o'clock, Colonel Hacker, who was com- he deplored having assented to the death of Strafmissioned to conduct him to the scaffold, tapped ford, saying that he was now punished by an softly at the chamber-door, to say they were unjust sentence upon himself; he declared that ready. They went together from St James's he pardoned his enemies, and died a Christian through the park towards Whitehall, in the front according to the profession of the Church of of which the scaffold had been erected. Charles England, as he found it left by his father. Turnwalked erect and very fast, having on the right ing to Bishop Juxon he said, “I have a good hand Bishop Juxon, and on the left Colonel cause and a gracious God on my side.” He took Tomlinson, and being followed by a guard of hal. off his cloak, gave his George' to Juxon, with the berdiers, and by some of his own gentlemen and single word, “Remember!” then laid his head servants, who walked bareheaded. There was across the block, and stretched out his hands as no shouting, no gesticulating, no turmoil of any a signal. The masked executioner let fall the axe, kind: the troops, men and officers, the spectators which severed the neck at one blow; and another of all ranks, were silent as the grave, save now man wearing a mask took up the head and and then when a prayer or a blessing escaped shouted, “This is the head of a traitor!” The from some of them. At the end of the park bloody deed was accompanied by a "dismal, uniCharles entered Whitehall, and, passing through versal groan.” ? the long gallery, went into his own old cabinet chamber. There he was delayed, for the scaffold 1 The George, or badge of the order of the Knights of the was not quite ready: he passed the time in prayer
Garter, worn by Charles I. at his execution, and given by him
to Bishop Juxon, is thus described by Ashmole :-“The George with the bishop. At last all was in readiness;
which his late majesty wore at the time of his martyrdom, and he was led out to the scaffold, which was was curiously set in an onyx, set about with twenty-one large hung round with black. Vast multitudes of peo table diamonds in the fashion of a garter; on the back side of ple had come to be spectators; they were all
the George was the picture of his queen, rarely well limned, set
in a case of gold, the lid neatly enamelled with goldsmith's work, silent, respectful, or awe-stricken; and so were
and surrounded with another garter, adorned with a like numthe soldiers. Perceiving that the people could ber of equal sized diamonds as was the fore side." In the engravnot approach near enough to hear him, he ad
ing, a represents the upper side of the George, b the under side,
and c the upper side raised, displaying a portrait of Henrietta dressed a speech to the gentlemen upon the scaf Maria. fold. He called God to witness that it was not ? Whitelock; Herbert: Waruick; Nalson,
the vote, “that the House of Peers in parliament a vehement pamphlet, entitled England's New is useless and dangerous, and ought to be abo- Change. Mutinies broke out at Salisbury and lished.” Other votes were rapidly passed for Banbury; but they were presently crushed by demolishing the statues of kings, and for con- | Fairfax and Cromwell: Lilburne was shut up verting England into a republic.
in the Tower, and some few leaders of a set of For some time past the real executive had re-madmen, who were sighing after something very sided in the committee of government at Derby like the republic of the illustrious Trinculo, were House ; and this, with some very immaterial committed to meaner prisons. But the Rump changes, was pow converted into the “Executive took some of the worst pages out of the book of Council of State.” The president of this council | despotism, entirely losing sight, in several cases, was Bradshaw, the king's judge; and its secre- of the principles of liberty they professed. They tary for foreign correspondence was Bradshaw's made it treason to deny the supremacy of parfriend and relative, the immortal Milton, who em- liament; words spoken were made capital; and ployed his learning and genius in defending the simple sedition was converted into high treason. judgment and execution of Charles. Although The press was put into its shackles, and extreme they had pronounced the doom of the upper penalties were declared against such as printed house, the Independents
or published anything admitted five earls and
against the new Comthree lords into this
monwealth, the council council, which also in
of state, &c. cluded Cromwell, Fair
In the meantime the fax, Skippon, Sir Harry
late king's eldest son Vane, General Ludlow,
had been proclaimed, St.John, Harry Martin,
as Charles II., both in Whitelock, and four
Scotland and in Ireother commoners.
land. On the 15th of The army remained
August, Cromwell, with under the command of
his son-in-law Ireton, the men who had crea
landed near Dublin, to. ted it, and made it the
suppress the formidabest army then in the
ble insurrection, and, if world; and Fairfax,
possible, to give peace though he had abstain
to a country which had ed from coinmitting
never been quiet. His. himself upon the king's
army did not exceed trial, continued to be
6000 foot and 3000 commander - in - chief.
horse; but it was an But in the navy an im
army of Ironsides. portant change was
When these men landmade immediately; the
ed hardly anything was Far) of Warwick was OLIVER CROMWELL.-After Sir P. Lely.
left to the Protestants. removed, and Blake was
except Dublin and appointed, with Dean and Popham, to command Derry; but now town after town was re-capthe fleet.
tured with the utmost rapidity. Drogheda was The trial of Duke Hamilton, the Lord Capel, stormed on the 11th of September, Cromwell Goring, and Sir John Owen, was probably has- himself fighting in the breach. Wexford was tened by the hostile demonstrations made in Scot- taken in the same manner; Cork, Kinsale, and land. Goring pleaded not guilty, and was dis- numerous other places, opened their gates. Bemissed for the present, “ behaving himself with fore the month of May of the following year the great respect to the court.” On the 6th of March, Irish Papists and royalists were completely subthat court pronounced judgment against the rest. dued by Cromwell and his brave and able son-inOwen was respited and ultimately spared. Duke law. Leaving Ireton to organize the country, Hamilton, the Lords Holland and Capel, were Cromwell took his departure for London, where beheaded in Palace-yard on the 9th of March. | his presence was eagerly looked for. He was
The first attack that was made upon the new received with respect by the people and with engovernment proceeded from a part of that army thusiasm by the army. He was conducted to which had raised them to their pre-eminence. the house called the Cock.pit, near St. James's, “Free-born John," who thought that the revo- | which had been appointed and prepared for him. lution had not gone half far enough, put forth | Here he was visited by the lord-mayor of Lon