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receive him there. Many of Wyatt's followers | the number of fifty persons, which gallowses rehad deserted before he crossed the river at mained standing there a great part of the summer Kingston ; others had lingered behind during following, to the great grief of good citizens, and the night-march; and, now, many more aban-for example to the commotioners."In the course doned him on seeing that formidable prepara- of a few weeks, about fifty officers, knights, and tions were made against him. With great bra- gentlemen were put to death. Twenty-two comvery, however, he resolved to fight his way mon soldiers were sent down to Kent with Brett, through the royal army, still entertaining a con- the captain of the Train-hands, who had deserted fident hope that the citizens would rise in his at Rochester bridge, and they were there executed favour. After a short “thundering with the as traitors, and gibbeted. About sixty were led in great guns," he charged the queen's cavalry, who, procession, with halters about their necks, to the Opening their ranks, suffered him to pass with Tilt-yard, where the queen granted them a parabout 400 of his followers, and then instantly don. About 400 common men, in all, suffered closing in the rear of this weak van-guard, they death between the 7th of February and the 12th cut him off from the main body of the insur- of March, and many were executed afterwards." gents, who thereupon stood still, wavered, and The day after the breaking out of Wyatt's then took a contrary course. In the meanwhile rebellion was known at court, the queen resolved Wyatt rushed rapidly along Charing Cross and to arrest her half-sister Elizabeth and her former the Strand to Ludgate, which, to his mortifica- favourite, the handsome Courtenay, Earl of De. tion, he found closed against him. In vain he von, who were both suspected (and it is by no shouted " Queen Mary! God save Queen Mary, means clear that they were falsely suspected) of who has granted our petition, and will have no being partakers in the plot. She sent three of Spanish husband!" A part of Pembroke's army her council-Sir Richard Southwell, Sir Edward had followed Wyatt in his rapid advance, and, Hastings, and Sir Thomas Cornwallis--with a when he turned to go back by the same road, strong guard, to Ashridge, in Buckinghamshire, he found that he must cut his way through dense where Elizabeth was suffering a real or feigned masses of horse and foot. He charged furiously, sickness. The worthy councillors did not arrive and actually fought his way as far as the Temple. at the manor house till ten o'clock at night; the But there he found that his band was diminished princess had gone to rest, and refused to see them; to some forty or fifty men, and that further re- but, in spite of the remonstrances of her ladies, sistance was utterly hopeless. Clarencieux rode they rudely burst into her chamber, and carried up to him, persuading him to yield, and not, her in a litter to the capital. The deep interest “beyond all his former madness, surcharge him- she excited among the Londoners alarmed her self with the blood of these brave fellows.” At enemies; and, after undergoing a rigid examinalast Wyatt threw away his broken sword, and tion by the privy council respecting Wyatt's in. quietly surrendered to Sir Maurice Berkley, who, surrection and the rising of Carew in the west mounting him behind him, carried him off in- of both of which attempts she protested she stantly to the court.
was entirely innocent—she was dismissed from “The coming of Wyatt to the court being so court in about a fortnight, and allowed to return little looked for, was great cause of rejoicing to to Ashridge. The handsome Courtenay was comsuch as of late before stood in great fear of him.”' mitted to the Tower, in spite of his protestations He was immediately committed to the Tower; of innocence. But Elizabeth had scarcely been and a proclamation was made that none, upon liberated when Sir William Sentlow, one of her pain of death, should conceal in their houses any officers, was arrested as an adherent of Wyatt's; of his faction, but should bring them forth im- it was asserted that Wyatt had accused the prinmediately before the lord - mayor and other the cess, and stated that he had conveyed to her in a queen's justices. “By reason of this proclama- bracelet the whole scheme of his plot; and on the tion, a great multitude of these said poor caitiff's 15th of March she was again taken into custody were brought forth, being so many in number, and brought to Hampton Court. On the Friday that all the prisons in London sufficed not to before Palm Sunday, Bishop Gardiner, chancelreceive them; so that for lack of place they were lor, and nineteen members of the council, went fain to bestow them in divers churches of the down to her from the queen, and charged her said city. And shortly after there were set up directly with being concerned, not only in Wyatt's in London, for a terror to the common sort (be- | conspiracy, but also in the rebellion of Sir Peter cause the Whitecoats? being sent out of the city, Carew, and declared unto her that it was the as before ye have heard, revolted from the queen's queen's pleasure she should go to the Tower. part to the aid of Wyatt), twenty pair gallows, “Upon Saturday following," says Holinshed on the which were hanged in several places to (or rather Fox, whose words the old chronicler ! Holinshal
- The Trained Bands. I 3 Holinshed. Holinshed: Stow; Grafton: God non
here transcribes), “that is, the next day, two! This letter, which was much more spirited lords of the council (the one was the Earl of Sus- than might have been expected, particularly if sex, the other shall be nameless) came and certified we reflect that Elizabeth, in all probability, was her grace, that forth with she must go unto the not ignorant of the plan of the rebellion, availed Tower, the barge being prepared for her, and the her nothing. She never received the “only one tide now ready. In heavy mood her grace re- | word of answer" for which she humbly craved in quested the lords that she might tarry another a postscript; and upon the morrow, which was tide. But one of the lords replied, that neither Palm Sunday, strict orders were issued throughtide nor time was to be delayed. And when her out London that every one should keep the church grace requested him that she might be suffered and carry his palm; and while the Londoners, to write to the queen's majesty, he answered that men, women, and children, were thus engaged, he durst not permit that. But the other lord, | Elizabeth was secretly carried down to the Tower more courteous and favourable (who was the by water, attended by the Earl of Surrey and the Earl of Sussex), kneeling down, said she should other nameless lord. The barge stopped under have liberty to write, and, as a true man, he Traitors' Gate. Then, coming out with one foot would deliver it to the queen's highness, and bring an answer of the same, whatsoever came thereof." Whereupon she wrote a letter, which has been preserved. She began by referring to some former promises made to her by her sister Mary. She proceeded humbly to beseech her majesty to grant her an audience, that she might answer before herself, and not before the members of the privy council, who might falsely represent her, and that she might be heard by the queen before going to the Tower, if possible; if pot, at least before she should be further condemned. After many protestations of innocence and expressions of her hope in the queen's natural kindness, she told Mary that there was something which she thought and believed her majesty would never know properly unless she heard her with her own ears. She then continued : “I have heard in my time of many cast away, for Fant of coming to the presence of their prince; and in late days I heard my Lord of Somerset say, that if his brother had been suffered to speak with him, he had never suffered; but the persuasions were made to him so great, that he was brought in to believe that he could not live safely i ti the admiral lived; and that made him give his consent to his death. Though these persons are
TRAITORS' GATE, TOWER OF LONDON.2 From a view by Surer. not to be compared to your majesty, yet I pray God, as (that) evil persuasions persuade not one upon the stair, she said, “Here landeth as true a sister against the other; and all for that they subject, being prisoner, as ever landed at these have heard false report, and not hearkened to stairs; and before thee, O God, I speak it, having the truth known. Therefore, once again, kneel- none other friend but thee alone!" Going a ing with humbleness of my heart, because I am little further, she sat down on a stone to rest not suffered to bow the knees of my body, I herself; and when the lieutenant of the Tower humbly crave to speak with your highness... begged her to rise and come in out of the wet And as for the traitor Wyatt, he might perad- and cold, she said, “Better sitting here than in a renture write me a letter, but, on my faith, I worse place, for God knoweth whither you bring never received any from him. And as for the me.' She evidently apprehended an immediate copy of my letter sent to the French king, I pray
Camden's Annals. The original is in the State Paper Office; a God confound me eternally, if ever I sent him
transcript among the Harleian manuscripts in the British Mu. word, message, token, or letter by any means; and to this, my truth, I will stand in to my death."! ? The Traitors' Gate was entered from the Thames by means
of a boat, and was only used for the admission of important per ? Sir Henry Ellis' Collection of Original Letters. Hearne has sonages as state prisoners. The above view is taken from the printed the same letter in his preface to the Latin edition of moat; the opening of the gate towards the river is on the right
execution; but the lords carried her to an inner though unwillingly, of the ambition of others, apartment, and left her there in great dismay, and that she hoped her fate might serve as a after seeing the door well locked, bolted, and memorable example in after times. She then barred.'
implored God's mercy, caused herself to be disBut before Elizabeth entered the Tower gates robed by her gentlewomen, veiled her own eyes other interesting victims had issued from them with her handkerchief, and laid her head on the to the grave. The Lady Jane Grey, who had block, exhorting the lingering executioner to the been condemned to death three months before, performance of his office. At last the axe fell, was indulging in the hope of a free pardon when and her lovely head rolled away from the body, the ill-managed insurrection broke out. It ap- | drawing tears from the eyes of the spectators, pears very evident that Mary had no intention yea, even of those who, from the very beginning, of executing the sentence upon her, but now she were best affected to Queen Mary's cause.? was easily made to believe that the life of the The father of Lady Jane, the Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane was incompatible with her own safe- who had been beaten and taken, like a blunderty; and, in less than a week after Sir Thomas ing schoolboy, and who was not worthy of the Wyatt's discomfiture, she signed the death-war- child whom his ambition and imbecility sacrirant both for Jane and her husband. On the ficed, was tried on the 17th of February. He morning of the 12th of February the Lord Guild- went to Westminster Hall with a cheerful and a ford Dudley was delivered to the sheriffs and very stout countenance, but at his return he was conducted to the scaffold on Tower-hill, where, very pensive and heavy, desiring all men to pray after saying his prayers and shedding a few for him. There was need, for he was condemned tears, he laid his head on the block and died to die the death of a traitor, and there was no quietly. The fate of this young man excited hope of another pardon for this man, whose great commiseration among the people, and as it “facility to by-practices " had occasioned all or was calculated that that of his wife would make most of these troubles. On the 23d of February, a still greater impression, it was resolved to exe- eleven days after the execution of his daughter cute her more privately within the walls of the and son-in-law, he was publicly beheaded on Tower. Mary showed what she and all Catholics Tower-hill. Other executions and numerous considered a laudable anxiety for the soul of this committals took place while Elizabeth lay in that youthful sacrifice, and Fecknam, a very Catholic state prison. Sir Thomas Wyatt met his fate dean of St. Paul's, tormented her in her last with great fortitude on the 11th of April, so hours with arguments and disputations; but it lemnly declaring in his last moments that neither appears that she was steadfast in the faith which the Princess Elizabeth nor Courtenay was privy she had embraced, and the doctrines of which to his plans. About a fortnight after this exeshe had studied under learned teachers with un-cution, Lord Thomas Grey, brother to the late usual care. On the dreadful morning she had Duke of Suffolk, was beheaded on Tower-hill; the strength of mind to decline a meeting with and a little later, the learned William Thomas, her husband, saying that it would rather foment late clerk of the council, who had attempted suitheir grief than be a comfort in death, and that cide in the Tower, was conveyed to Tyburn, and they should shortly meet in a better place and there hanged, headed, and quartered. more happy estate. She even saw him conducted Several times Elizabeth fancied that her last towards Tower-hill, and, with the same settled hour was come. Early in the month of May the spirit that was fixed upon immortality, she beheld constable of the Tower was discharged of his his headless trunk when it was returned to be office, and Sir Henry Bedingfield, a bigoted and buried in the chapel of the Tower. By this time cruel man, was appointed in his stead. This new her own scaffold, made upon the green within constable went suddenly to the fortress with 100 the verge of the Tower, was all ready; and almost soldiers: the princess, marvellously discomforted, as soon as her husband's body passed towards asked of the persons about her whether the Lady the chapel the lieutenant led her forth, she being Jane's scaffold were taken down or not, fearing "in countenance nothing cast down, neither her that her own turn was come. The circumstance eyes anything moistened with tears, although her of Bedingfield's appointment seemed very susgentlewomen, Elizabeth Tilney and Mistress He- picious: seventy years before Sir James Tyrrel len, wonderfully wept." She had a book in her had been suddenly substituted for Sir Robert hand, wherein she prayed until she came to the Brackenbury, and in the night of mystery and scaffold. From that platform she addressed a horror that followed Tyrrell's arrival in the few modest words to the few by-standers, stat- Tower, the two princes of the house of York ing that she had justly deserved her punishment had disappeared, and, as it was generally befor suffering herself to be made the instrument, lieved, had been savagely murdered in their bed. Holinshed, from For
? Bishop Godwin; De Thou.