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branches of the administration, which be- the Powers on which tbese armies are delong to tbe army.---4. The sick and wounde pendant.--17. The rautications shall be ed, and the medical officers whom it may exchanged to-morrow, the 4th of July, at be necessary to leave with them, are six o'clock in the morning, at the bridge placed ouder the special protection of ibe of Neuilly.--18. Commissioners shall be Commanders-in Chief of the English and named by the respective parties, in order Prussian armies.---5. The military and to watch over the execution of the present those bolding employments to whom the Convention. foregoing article relates, shall be at liberty, Done and signed at St. Cloud, in tripliimmediately after their recovery, w rejoin cate, by the Commissioners above named, the corps to which they belong.-6. The the day and year before mentioned. wives and children of all individuals be- The Baron BIGNON.Count GUILLEMONT. longing to the French army, sball be at Count De KONDY.-The Baron De MUPJiberiy to remain in Paris. The wives FLING.-F. B. Hervey, Colonel. shall be allowed to quit Paris for the pur. Aproved and ratified the present suspenpose of re-joining the army, and to carry sion of arms, at Paris, the 3d of July, 1815. with them their property, and that of their Approved, Mar. the Prince D'ECHMUhl. husbands.-7. The officers of the line enployed with the Federés, or with the liraslo Downing-street, July 11. From Fieldleurs of the National Guard, may either Marshal ibe Duke of Wellington, K. G. join the army,or return to their homes, or

Paris, July 8, 1815. the places of their birth.-8. To-morrow, My Lord, lo consequence of the Conthe 4th of July, at mid-day, St Denis, St. vention with the Enerny, of which I transQuen, Clichy, and Neuilly, shall be given mitled your Lordship the copy io my disup. The day after to-morrow, the 5th, at patch of the 4th, the troops under my comthe same bour, Montmartre shall be given mand and that of Fieid Marshal Prince up. The third day, the 6th, all the bar. Blucher occupied the barriers of Paris on riers shall be given up.-9. The duty of the vib, and evtered the city yeterday ; the City of Paris shall continue to be dove which bas ever since been perfectly by the National Guard, and by the corps of quiet. The King of France entered Paris the Municipal Gens d'armerie.-10. The this day. Commanders-in-Chief of the English and I bave, &o. WELLINGTON. Prussian armies engage to respect, and to make those under their command respect, SUPPLEMENT TO THE GAZETTE, July 11. the actual Authorities, so long as they shall The first dispatch is froni Lurd Stewart, exist.–11. Public property, with the ex- dated from the Imperial head-qnarters at ception of that which relates to war, whe- Manheim, the 25th of June. He details ther it belongs to the Government, or de. the different movements to be made by the pends upon the Municipal Aui hority, shall Bavarian Marshal Wrede, by Cougt Lane be respected ; and the Allied Powers will geron and the Russians, by the Prince of pot interfere in any manner with its ad- Wurtemburg, an]the Archduke Ferdinand. ministration and management. - 12. Pri- All were to unite at Nancy, vale persons and property shall be equally The second dispatch from Lieut.-gen. respected. The inhabitants, and in ge- Stewart, dated Manheim, June 25, reports neral all individuals who shall be in the that Saargemines was carried by storm capital, shall continue to enjoy their rights with triang luss. AC Saardbruck there and liberties without being disturbed or was more opposition by General Menigi called to account either as to the situations with some cavalry and 400 peasants ; but which they hold or may have held, or as the bridge was saved. Prince Charles of to their conduct or political opinions. Bavaria had pusbed on to Bouckemont 13. The foreign troops shall not interpose with the advanced guard. The Prince any obstacles to the prorisioning of the Royal had made the passage of the Queich. capital, and will protect, on the contrary, The Mayors of the different villages bad the arrrival and the free eirculation of the orders to sound the tocsin, and make the articles which are destined for it. -14. The country rise ;, but they would not resort to present Coareation shall be observed, and this fatal measure. shall serve to regulate the mutual relatiens Tne third dispatch from the same is until the conclusion of peace. Lo case of dated the 26th of June, and states that ruptore, it coust be depounced, in the usual Bitsch has been summoned, but refused forms, at least ten days beforehand. to surrender. Marshal Wrede was advan15, If difficulties arise in the execution of cing with 504000 men 10 Chateau Salines. . any one of the articles of the present Con- The fourth is from the head quarters at vention, the interpretation of it shall be Rheinzabern, on the 28th of June at night. made in favour of the French army and of Marshal Wrede had reeeived a proposal the City of Paris.-16. The present Con. for an armistice, which he had referred to vention is declared common to all the head-quarters, but it was noi attended to. Allied Armies, provided it be ratified by The Prince of Wurteraberg attacked and

drove the Enemy through the forest of ment of the Enemy, on the left of the MoHaguenau. Lieut.-gen. Walaoden drove selle, between Metz and Longvion, coothe Enemy over the Selz. The Archduke sisting of between two and three thousand Ferdinand passed the Rhine at Basle ou men, one squadron of cuirassiers, and the 26th. General Rapp is supposed to some artillery, which he attacked and have thrown himself into Strasburg.

drove back into Metz. Gen. Colleredo's The fifth is from Col. Jenkinson to Lord (the 1st) corps was sharply engaged on Stewart, dated June 25, apnouncing the the 28th ult. berween Donnemarie and retreat of Rapp towards Strasburg with Befort with La Courbe's rear-guard, in 11,000 men, with whom it was supposed wbich affair be took a great oumber of prihe meant to join Suchet at Besancon. soners, driving the French before him in Rapp makes kuown to the Prince of Wur. all quarters : bis loss was 300 men killed temburg Buonaparte's abdication in favour and wounded. The Archduke Ferdinand of his son ; but as this notification is made pushed forward to Remiremoni, to opesubsequent to orders being given for the rate on the flank and rear of La Courbe, if union of Suchet's and Lacourbe's corps

he should remain pear Befort. It is reat Besancon, it is suspected to be merely ported that Rapp's cavalry from Stras. to gain time.

burg, with two regiments of infantry, The 6th, 7th, and 8th dispatches are are endeavouring to make their way to La also from Col. Jenkinson, and detail the Courbe. The Commandant of Toul has movements of the Prince of Wurtemburg refused to surrender the place; that of in pursuit of Rapp. The 9th dispatch, Maresall made a sortie with 200 men, but dated Vendenheim, June 19, from Colonel was driven back with loss. The commuJenkinson, contains au account of the al- nication is completely established between tack and storm of Gen. Rapp's position the Prince Royal of Wurtemburg and the near Strasburg. He was pursued under Archduke Ferdinand. The desertion out the guus of the fortress, and Strasburg was of Strasburg is very great. The armies then iovested.

will continue their movements forward as The 10th dispatch is from Brigadier rapidly as possible between the Seine and Gen. Upton, dated Chateau Salines, June the Marne. The Bavarian arıny will be 27, announcing a deputation to Field-Mar- directed from Nancy on Ligny, Vetry, Les shal Wrede. Nancy and Lupeville were Franeves, and Pere Champenoise. The to be occupied the next day.

Russian army follows in two columos; the (The remainder is as follows :) right on Chateau Salinet, by Pont a MousImperial Head-quarters, Saarebourg, son, Si. Michael, Chalons, and Eperoia. July 3, 1815.

The left and the head-quarters of the My Lord,—The head-quarters of the Sovereigos, by Ligny, St. Dizier, Vetry, Sovereigns and the Prince Field Marshal, and Montmiral. The Austrian or left arrived yesterday at this place; the neces. wing of the army operates also in two cosity of the close investment of Pfalzbourg, lumos. The Ist corps d'armée supports which is on the grand road from Stras- the Russian left, and follows La Courbe burg to Paris, and the march through from Befort towards Langres and Chauthe defile and passage of the Vosges with mont, or whatever direction he may take. so large a part of the army, and pearly all - The 2d corps, as your Lordship already the artillery, made the undertaking of yes- knows, continues ils operatioos in the Valterday almost Herculean; the guns and lee du Rhin, and blockades Strasburg. carriages were drawn up, by parties of - The 3d corps, being relieved there, soldiers, rocky steeps, that appeared inac- marches by Mutzig, Mirecourt, Joinville, cessible ; the road had been made in the Vitry, and on Fere Champenoise. The space of some few hours, to avoid the for- reserve from Colmar directs itself oo St. tress, and to shorten the march; but the Diez and Mirecourt, and unites with the difficulties were too great, added to the 3d corps, taking care of the blockades of intense heat of the weather, to get the Schletistadt and St. Maurice Aux Mines. trains and guns through, and the field- Gen. Mannassy commands the blockMarshal bas found himself under the ne. ade of Hunningen and Befort ; Gen. Count cessity of halting this day. The accounts Hoxberg, Neu Breysach ; and Count from Field-Marshal Prince Wrede state Stuhbaymer, Schlettstadı.--I fear I may his belief of his having some corps of the intrude on your Lordship's time by a reEnemy on his left, or in the direction of petition of detail; but to point out the St. Diez or Bruyeres. The Marshal has marcbes clearly, it is necessary continureceived directions from PrinceSchwartzen-: ally to revert to the operations of the burg, in consequence of the joint request main corps. Your Lordship will observe, of the Duke of Wellington and Marshal that by the separation of La Courbe and Blucher, to advance rapidly. It appears Rapp, and the possible detachments that the authorities at Nancy request Prince either may have made, as also the uncer. Wrede to maintain order in the town. tainty of Suchet's line of retreat, together General "Czernicheff fell in with a detach- with the number of strong places we have


to blockade, we shall be liable to have village of Wickelsheim was strongly occu. small corps and detachments of the Ene- pied by the Enemy, but they were driven my starting up in different quarters ; they out by the Austrian regiment of Wurtemmay even gain partial successes in our berg. The Archduke's advance was to rear; but the best precautions have been be at St. Marce aux Mines, the 1st July, taken by the Prince Field Marshal, con. on which day the investment of Schlettsladt sistent with our scale of operations, and was to take place. Count Colloredo had nothing essential can affect the great another sharp action on the 29th, in the movement. The armies will be assembled neighbourhood of Befort. In consequence at Pere Champenoise on the 14th.

of the nature of the ground, the opposi. I have, &c. STEWART, Lt.-gen. tion was great, but the Austrian loss is P. S. Intelligence has just arrived, that trifling. the Archduke Ferdinand, in investing [The remainder of this Gazette shall be Neubrisach, had a sharp action. The given in our next.]

ABSTRACT OF FOREIGN OCCURRENCES. At no former period of our History was he added, “ It may, perhaps, not be pre-. this Country placed in a situation so sumptuous in us to hope that we may be proudly pre-eminent as that which it oc- the instruments of delivering the world from cupies at the present moment ; nor, in its thraldom. It is not impossible but the most successful of our wars, have we that in that very Peninsula, in which the erer seen a day so brightened by victory, tyranny of France has been so cruelly ma80 ennobled by conquest. In almost all nifested, she will receive her death wound, former wars, down to the signature of a if not ber grave.”-Many persons in Engtreaty of peace, there have still been ob- land still considered the contest to be projects of military or naval prowess, the at- "longed in vain ; and when the ipsanity taipment of which could have been wished, of Buonaparte led him to make war on though hope were ont of the question. la Russia, so little hope had yet gilded our the present glorious contest, success may prospects, that the principal opponent of be said to have exhausted itself; no Ministers declared, he should not be surtriumph can be imagined which we have prised if the French Ruler got to St. Penot already achieved ; and it would be tersburgh before the English Ambassador, difficult now to conceive any desirable who was then on his way to Russia. To addition to either the glory or the power feel the happiness of our present situation of this happy Nation.

it is proper that we should recal the Let us compare our present state with that gloomy horrors of the past. To judge of in which we were placed some six or seven the vast importance of the conquests we years ago. Then, opposed to France, we bave gained, let us carry our recollection saw all Europe ranged on her side as de- back to that awful pause which succeeded pendants or allies. The Spanish struggle the destruction of Moscow. With wbat broke out; and the Patriots were so un- interest did we then look for intelligence fortunate, that in this country the cause of a retrograde movement on the past of of the Peninsula appeared hopeless. Aus- Buonaparte! with what joy did we'weltria made a new effort to regain ber inde- come it when it at length arrived ! though pendence, and again sunk beneath the as yet incapable of anticipating ihose unvictorious arms of France. England was exampled disasters which, in the emphatic mepaced, and some of her most experi- language of the Russian Proclamation enced statesmen urged the necessity of that was then issued, “ broke the arm of husbanding her resources for self-defence, the Giant," and made that retreat for ever and of leaving Spain to her fate. When memorable. And what was the subject of the first important triumplis ia that coun- the congratulations which then resounded try were known, how few dared to hope from all quarters? It was not that the that these would lead to the final expul chains of Europe were broken; for at that sion of the French, much less to the per. period no one dared to assert, that when fect emancipation of Europe, and the to- the winter had passed away, Buonaparte tal overthrow of Buonaparte! Pew en- would not be in a condition to renew the joyed that thougbt wbich gladdened the attempt. Our exultation was founded but prophetic mind of Mr. Perceval, when he on this reflection, that in one campaign declared—“is was impossible to suppose Buonaparte had not succeeded in his efthat it could be the divine intention of fort to subjugate Russia. That that Providence long to permit the continuance mighty empire might eventually be left of that system of oppression and usurpa. in unimpaired greatness, and that the tion under which Europe had groaned.” Peninsula would be wholly rescued from Few then attached that interest to his the domination of France, was all that we words which now belongs to them, when could then anticipate with confidence; Gent. Mac. July, 1815.

and there were not wanting those, who bë; a complete panic spread itself through regarded such hopes as chimerical. The out the whole field of battle, and they liberation of Germany, the emancipation threw themselves in the greatest disorder of Italy, the restoration of Holland, were on the line of communication ;' soldiers, not the thought of; and get these great cannoneers, cassoons, all hurry to this objects have been achieved, in addition point; the old guard, which was in reto those the attainment of wbich was then serve, was attacked and completely cut all whereto we could aspire.

up. In an instant the whole army felt FRANCE.

into disorde.'; 'all the soldiers and arous The second abdication of the Throne were mingled pel-mel, and it was utterly of France by Napoleon Buonaparte was impossible to form a single corps. The alluded to in our last Numher, and has enemy, who perceived this great confusince received full confirmation. We sion, immediately attacked with their camust, however, take up the thread of our valry, and increased the disorder ; and Abstract at the period immediately follow. such was the confusion, owing to night ing the great Battle of Waterloo.

coming on, that it was impossible to rally After witnessing the irretrievable rout of the troops, and point out to them their his troops in the dreadful engagement on error.Thus was a battle terminated, a the 18th ult. Buonaparte returned in haste day of false manoeuvres rectified, the to Paris, where he arrived at eleven o'clock greatest success insured for the next day, on the night of the 20th, at the very time all lost by means of a momentary panic. when the Parisians were exulting at the The squadrons placed on the side of the reports of his success on the 15th and Emperor were disorganized and destroyed 16th. His sudden and unexpected re- by an overwhelming force, and there was turn, coupled with rumours of the great nothing left but to follow the torrent. The defeat of the 18th, changed their illo park of reserve, all the baggage which had founded exultation into a sullen grief. re-passed the Sambre, in short every thing

The next morning the arrival of Buona- in the field of battle, remained in the parle was known throughout Paris; and power of the enemy.". the public consternation became general. The Assembly of Representatives, on In the course of the day he summoned his being made acquainted with Buonaparte's Ministers, and stated to them explicitly; official report of the battle, declared their that his Army was no more, and that he re- sitting perma bent; and the most energetic quired their assistance in the formation of expression of public opiniou on the danger another.

that threatened France was manifested, io According to the account of this affair which' there did not appear any dispositiun officially given in the Paris Papers, the to connect the interests of Buonaparte battle was decidedly with Buona parte at with those of the Country. The Emperor eight o'clock in the evening of the 18th, was at the Palace of Elysée, and there alt and promised a brilliant triumph for the bis Ministers assembled in Council

. The following day.. But we shall here quit our event had transpired; a multitude of perAbstract for a moment, and quote the sons assembled round the Palace, and a French account verbatim:

faint cry of « Vive l'Empereur was heard. ." After eight hours fire, and charges of The impatience of the Assembly of Depuiinfantry and cavalry, all the army saw ties was at its height. A message was with joy the battle gained, and the Geld of sent to them from the Council, to say, battle in our power. At half after eight that in six hours a communication would o'clock four battalions of the middle guard, be made to them. To which they replied, wbo had been sent to the platform on the that they would only allow one hour for a other side of St. Jobu, in order to support message to know the determination of the the cuirassiers, being greatly apnoyed by Emperor. Upon which Regnault de St. their fire, endeavoured to carry the batte- Jean Angely, as the organ of the Council ries with the bayonet. At the end of the of Ministers, stated to the Emperor, in day, a charge directed against their flank plain, but respectful terms, that the inby several English squadrons put them in terests of France demanded THAT HIS MAdisorder, and obliged them to re-cross the JESTY SHOULD ABDICATE THE THRONE. ravino. Several regiments near at hand, Buonaparte' said, " What! do you say so? seeing some troops belonging to the Et tu Brute !" To which Regnauli anguard in confusion, believed it was the swered, - "Your Majesty may believe that old guard, and, in consequence, Aed in it is with grief of heart I announce to you disorder. The cry, AU is lost, the Guard the fatal pecessity ; but the well-being of is driven back," was heard on every side. France demands this 'sacrifice at your The soldiers pretend, even, 'that on many hands.” Napoleon finally signed his ab points several ill-disposed persons cried dication in favour of his son, whom he out, 'Sauve qui peut-However that may proclaimed under the name and title of

Napoleon the Second. He particularly * See vol. LXXXV, Part I p. 557. impressed upon the two Chambers this

condition, condition, repeating it to the Chamber of Prince Schwartzenberg, and Gen. FriPeers, through Cambaceres, the Presi. 'moot, marched directly forward to the dent, “Remember! I abdicate only in great object in view ; overthrowing the favour of my Son." This point was dis. Enemy's troops under Rapp, La Courbe, cussed violently in both Chambers, At aud Sucbet, wherever they made a stand, length, the, abdication was accepted, and and disregarding small bodies of French, a complimentary message returned by the which might infest their rear or injure Chamber; but with regard to the title of their communications, yogog. Napoleon, the question was evaded. In consequence of a Convention, the A commission of five was chosen, in con- troops under the command of the Duke of junction with the other Chamber, to exer- Wellington, and that of Field Marshal cise provisionally the functions of Govern- Prince Blucher, occupied the Barriers of ment; apd the individuals named were, Paris on the 6th, and entered the city on Fouche, Carnot, Grenier, Caulincourt, and the 7th inst, Quinette. In the course of the debates, On the same day the Provisional GóCardot having stated that the Imperial "vernment dissolved itself, and made a NoGuard had reached Rocroy, and that tification accordingly to the King and the Soult was rallying the army, and had two Chambers. It was proposed by M. already collected 60,000 men on the Manuel that the Chamber should continue frontiers, Ney got up and flatly contra- to sit, until the Representatives were redicted him : " It is time," said he, “that moved at the point of the bayonet. The the truth should be spoken. Instead of meeting, however, soon after separated ; 60,000, it is alterly impossible to collect and the two Chambers were declared dis25,000 men; and even those cannot again solved by Louis XVIII. who entered his be brought to face the enemy, after such capital on the 8th. The procession was a defeat as they have sustained. With attended with the usual accompaniments respect to the Imperial Guard, I myself 'of a Parisian spectaclethe enthusiastic commanded it under the Emperor; and I acclamations of a delighted populace !! aver, that it is totally destroyed, Nothing On the 9th, the King appointed his Minow remains to be done, but to treat for nisters ; introducing a new regulation, peace with the Enemy." This speech which brings the practice of the Prench produced a strong sensation in the As- Government nearer than before to that of sembly..

the English. According to this arrangeThe Chambers, after much discussion, ment, there is a Privy Council, compreadopted Resolutions incident to the extra- hending the Princes, the Ministers, and ordinary situation of France. Having 'such others as the King may name; and declared their sittings permanent, and re

a Cabinet Council, or Council of responsolved to support the independence of the sible Ministers. The latter are in number Nation, they voted that an attempt should eight; and the departments over which be made to negotiate an armistice with they preside are those of Foreign Affairs, the Duke of Wellington.-In conjunction Finance, Police, Justice, War, the Ma. with Marshal Blucher, the Allied army had rine, the Household, and the laterior. All entered France by. Bavay, the Prussians the Ministers are named, except the last. by Beaumont. The remains of the French M. Talleyrand is President of the Counarmy had retired upon Laon. All bar. cil, and Secretary for Foreign Affairs; riers between Waterloo and Paris seemed Baron Louis has the Finances ; the Duke to disappear, and our army penetrated of Otranto (Fouche), the Police ; Baron voopposed into the very heart of France, Pasquier, the department of Justice and The town of Cambray was taken by esca- Keeper of the Seals ; Marshal Gouvion lade by Sir. C. Colville, St. Quienten was St. Cyr, the department of War ; Count abandoned to Marshal Blucher; and Guise de Jaucour, the Marine ; and the Duke surrendered on the 24th. Various milia de Richeliea, the Household. tary operations were undertaken, and ex- * The Allied Sovereigns arrived at Paris ecuted with the greatest success, by dif- on the 10th, in the following order : the ferent brigades of the Allied Army. Among King of Prussia at seven in the eveniog ; these, not the least brilliant was the storm- the Emperor of Russia at balf.past eight; iug of Peronne, which was called La Pú- tbe Emperor of Austria about nine. celle de France, because it had never before Louis visited all these Sovereigns upon been taken.

their arrival, and remained with the EmThe subsequent occupation of Paris by peror Alexander three hours. This latter the immortal Wellington and Blucher, di. Sovereign seeins to be a great favourite minisbes the interest that would else be with the people, who hope, through bis inattached to the proceedings of the other tercession, to avoid the evils of war which Allied Forces. Having concerted a grand they so justly merit. Not only the Prusscale of combined movements, the several sian troops were quartered in great numarmies under Prince Wrede, the Prince of bers on ihe Parisians, but contributions Wurtemberg, the Archduke Ferdinand, to a great amount bad been laid on Paris,


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