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*** The Rev. Evan Evans, editor of the Specimens of Welsh POETRY, 4to, affirmed that the story of the BOY AND THE MANTLE is taken from what is related in some of the old Welsh MSS. of Tegan Earfron, one of King Arthur's mistresses. She is said to have possessed a mantle that would not fit any immodest or incontinent woman; this (which, the old writers say, was reckoned among the curiosities of Britain) is frequently alluded to by the old Welsh Bards.

CARLEILE, so often mentioned in the Ballads of King Arthur, the editor once thought might probably be a corruption of CAER-LEON, an ancient British city on the river Uske, in Monmouthshire, which was one of the places of King Arthur's chief residence; but he is now convinced that it is no other than CARLISLE, in Cumberland ; the old English Minstrels, being most of them Northern men, naturally represented the Hero of Romance as residing in the North: and many of the places mentioned in the Old Ballads are still to be found there ; as Tearne-Wadling, &c.

Near Penrith is still seen a large circle, surrounded by a mound of earth, which retains the name of Arthur's Round Table.

XIX.

THE ANCIENT FRAGMENT OF THE

MARRIAGE OF SIR GAWAINE.

1

The Second Poem in tliis Volume, intitled THE Marriage of Sir Gawaine, having been offered 10 the Reader with large conjectural Supplements and Corrections, the old Fragment itself is here literally and exactly printed from the Editor's folio MS, with all its defects, inaccuracies, and errata; that such austere Antiquaries as complain that the ancient copies have not been always rigidly adhered to may see how unfit for publication many of the pieces would have been if all the blunders, corruptions, and nonsense of illiterate Reciters and Transcribers had been superstitiously retained, without some attempt to correct and amend them.

This Ballad had most unfortunately suffered by having half of every leaf in this part of the MS. torn away; and, as about Nine Stanzas generally occur in the halfpage now remaining, it is concluded that the other half contained nearly the same number of stanzas.

Kinge Arthur lines in merry Carleile
and seemely is to see
and there he hath wth bim Queene Genevr
ye bride so bright of blee

And there he hath wth him Queene Genever
ye bride soe bright in bower
& all his barons about him stoode
yt were both stiffe and stowre

The K. kept a royall Christmasse
of mirth & great honor
.. when...

(About Nine Stanzas wanting.]

And

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And when he came to Merry Carlile
to his chamber he is gone
and ther came to him his Cozen SGawaine
as he did make his mone

And there came to him his Cozen Sr Cawaine *
yt was a curteous knight
why sigh you soe sore vnckle Asthur he said
or who hath done thee vnright

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To fight wth him I saw noe cause
me thought it was not meet
for he was stiffe & strong wth all
his strokes were nothing sweete

Tberfor this is my ransome Gawaine
I ought to him to pay
I must come aga ne as I am sworne
vpon the Newyeers day

And I must bring him word what thing it is

[About Nine Stanzas wanting.)

Then king Arthur drest him for to ryde.
in one soe rich array
toward the foresaid Tearne wadling
yt he might keepe his day

And as he rode over a more
hee see a lady where shee sate
betwixt an oke and a greene hollen
she was cladd in red scarlett

Then there as shold have stood her mouth
then there was sett her eye
the other was in her forhead fast
the way that she might see

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To balch vpon him k. Arthur
this lady was full faine
but k. Arthur had forgott his lesson
what he shold say againe

What knight art thou the lady sayd
that wilt not speake tome
of me thou nothing dismayd
tho I be vgly to see

for I haue halched you curteouslye
& you will not me againe
yett I may happen Sr knight shee said
to ease thee of thy paine

Give thou ease me lady he said
or helpe me any thing
thou shalt haue gentle Gawaine my cozen
& marry him wth a ring

Why if I helpe thee not thou noble k. Arthur
of thy owne hearts desiringe
of gentle Gawaine.....

[About Nine Stanzas wanting.)

And when he came to the tearne wadling
the baron there cold he srinde *
wth a great weapon on his backe
standing stiffe & stronge

And then he tooke k. Arthurs letters in his hands & away he cold them fiing

Sic MS.

& then

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