History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology: With an Epilogue on Psychiatry and the Mind-Body Relation

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Springer Science & Business Media, Apr 13, 2010 - Medical - 911 pages
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The Romans knew that Nero was insane. Shakespeare’s Macbeth asked his doctor to treat 'a mind diseased.' The physicians of the Enlightenment era pondered whether the inmates in the asylums were mad or simply bad. As a discipline, psychiatry has always walked a fine if not easily defined line between social and biological science. History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology traces this evolution in its social, political, and philosophical contexts, charting the rise of psychology as a legitimate field of scientific pursuit, and of psychiatry as a medical specialty. An interdisciplinary team of noted historians (including Sander Gilman, Dora Weiner, Hannah Decker, and the recently deceased dean of American psychiatric history, George Mora, M.D.) has distilled centuries of history—protracted debates, false starts, and missteps included—resulting in an engaging and inspiring narrative of history and methodology in the making. The birth of brain science in antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance -The roots of modern psychiatry in the French Revolution-Changing concepts of schizophrenia and depression-The influence of neurology on psychiatry-Evolutions in treatment: mental institutions, hypnotherapy, pharmacotherapy-The emergence of psychoanalysis and 'national psychologies' in Europe and America-Modern critiques, including the chapter 'Psychiatry’s Sickness and Its Biological Cure'. Its wide scope, divergent viewpoints, and insistence on viewing historical periods through their own lenses and not our own makes this History a must-have reference for scholars of psychiatry, psychology, and medicine.

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Psychiatry and the MindBody Relation

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About the author (2010)

Edwin Wallace IV, M.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Research Professor of Bioethics at the University of South Carolina. Until 1995 he was Professor and Vice Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Health Behavior at the Medical College of Georgia. In 1984 he published Historiography and Causation in Psychoanalysis (Analytic Press) and is generally regarded as an expert on the history of psychiatry and medical psychology. Dr. Wallace is a cofounder of the Association for the Advancement of Philosophy and Psychiatry (a 1200-member international organization that publishes a quarterly journal Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology with Johns Hopkins University Press). John Gach is owner and president of John Gach Books, Inc., an antiquarian bookselling firm that has specialized in rare and out-of-print psychiatry, psychoanalysis, psychology, and neuroscience for 35 years. Regarded as a leading authority on the bibliography of books in the fields his firm deals in, Gach has published a number of review essays in journals such as the Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, and a chapter in Essays in the History of Psychiatry, edited by Edwin Wallace and Lucius Pressley. Most recently he edited for Thoemmes Press the series Foundations of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, which reprinted both the eighth German edition of Emil Kraepelin's Psychiatrie and the five Kraepelin titles published in English during his lifetime. He has also been engaged in a long term project to describe and comprehend the phenomenology of book collecting, about which topic he has lectured.

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