Hearings on the Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 5240 ... Hearings Held in Washington, DC, on March 27, 28, 29; St. Louis, MO ... Flushing, NY ... Winona, MN ... Eau Claire, WI ... and Washington, DC, on April 10, 11, 12, 1984

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Page 574 - Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the Constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consistent with the letter and spirit of the Constitution, are constitutional.
Page 574 - Whatever legislation is appropriate, that is, adapted to carry out the objects the amendments have in view, whatever tends to enforce submission to the prohibitions they contain, and to secure to all persons the enjoyment of perfect equality of civil rights and the equal protection of the laws against state denial or invasion, if not prohibited, is brought within the domain of congressional power.
Page 574 - ... the freedom of the slave race, the security and firm establishment of that freedom, and the protection of the newlymade freeman and citizen from the oppressions of those who had formerly exercised unlimited dominion over him.
Page 574 - ... freeman and citizen from the oppressions of those who had formerly exercised unlimited dominion over him. It is true that only the fifteenth amendment, in terms, mentions the negro by speaking of his color and his slavery. But it is just as true that each of the other articles was addressed to the grievances of that race, and designed to remedy them as the fifteenth.
Page 577 - Or the reform may take one step at a time, addressing itself to the phase of the problem which seems most acute to the legislative mind.
Page 574 - We doubt very much whether any action of a State not directed by way of discrimination against the negroes as a class, or on account of their race, will ever be held to come within the purview of this provision.
Page 577 - The problem of legislative classification is a perennial one, admitting of no doctrinaire definition. Evils in the same field may be of different dimensions and proportions, requiring different remedies.
Page 575 - Correctly viewed, 5 is a positive grant of legislative power authorizing Congress to exercise its discretion in determining whether and what legislation is needed to secure the guarantees of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Page 573 - ... suggested; we mean the freedom of the slave race, the security and firm establishment of that freedom, and the protection of the...
Page 575 - Craig v. Boren, 429 US 190, 197 (1976). "[Classifications by gender must serve important governmental objectives and must be substantially related to the achievement of those objectives.

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