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a England has no continuing shipbuilding policy, but usually lays down each year 4 armored ships with a proportional number of smaller vessels, although during the current year this number was reduced to 2 armored vessels.

o Germany has a continuing shipbuilding policy, authorized by the Reichstag, and extending to the year 1917. This authorization provides for the building between 1907 and 1917 of 16 battle ships, 12 armored cruisers, 22 smaller cruisers, and 132 torpedo vessels.

c Reported that 2 more are authorized.

NOTE.-The following vessels are not included in the tables:

Those over twenty years old unless they have been reconstructed and rearmed since 1900.

Transports, colliers, repair ships, converted merchant vessels, or any other auxiliaries.

Vessels of less than 1,000 tons, except torpedo craft. Torpedo craft of less than 50 tons.

In making comparisons of naval strength, and particularly of naval increase, the fact should be taken into consideration that the rapidity of construction varies materially in different countries.

In England, Germany, and Japan battle ships and armored cruisers are completed in two to three years; in the United States from three to four years; and in France, Italy, and Russia not less than four years are required.

Table II includes vessels authorized, but not yet laid down, as well as those actually under construction.

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Flag officers.
Captains and commanders.
Other line officers and engineers b.
Medical officers.
Pay officers..
Warrant officers.
Enlisted men..
Marine officers
Enlisted men (marines).

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. 18 a 18

795 298 201

571 d 1,987 99,319

520 17,844

201 e 1,793 44,577

.

205 2,036 1 47,286

103
1,365

2771
1,404
41, 966

604 42, 400

268 9. 293

a The United States now has, in addition, temporarily, as extra numhers, due to promotion for war service, 6 flag officers, 13 captains, 10 commanders, 12 lieutenant-commanders, and 6 lieutenants.

b Does not include midshipmen.
e Includes pharmacists and apothecaries.

d Includes chief gunners, chief boatswains, chief signal boatswains, chief carpenters, chief artificer engi-
neers, chief schoolmasters, and head schoolmasters.
e Includes adjutants, maitres, and premier maitres of all branches.

Includes 1,365 men of the naval infantry. The German naval infantry forms an expeditionary corps Its duty in war is to defend, and in peace to garrison the home fortified ports. One battalion forms the garrisori of Kiauchau, China.

B.

The following table shows the number of officers of the English, French, German, Japanese, and United States navies at the present time and the number that the same navies would have under a distribution based upon Representative Hobson's bill. This table is based upon a statement showing the tonnage, personnel, etc., of the leading navies issued by the Office of Naval Intelligence under date of November 1, 1908. It should be noted, however, that in stating the tonnage of the various navies the following have been excluded: Vessels over twenty years old, unless they have been reconstructed and rearmed since June, 1900, transports, colliers, repair ships, converted merchant vessels or other auxiliaries, vessels of less than 1,000 tons except torpedo craft, torpedo craft of less than 50 tons. Apparently all the vessels would be included in determining the number of officers and enlisted men, as provided in Mr. Hobson's bill. The total tonnage of the United States is approximately 1,139,000 tons. There is added, therefore, a column showing number and distribution of officers and men based upon the actual total tonnage.

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Flag officers.

96 58 45 Captains and commanders.

610

654 355 Other line and engineer officers.

3,268

4,022 1, 802 Medical officers. 501 748 377 Pay officers.

571 598 201
Warrant officers. 1,987 2,572 1,793
Enlisted men.. 99, 319 102, 905 44,577
Naval constructors a
Professors of mathe-

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matics & Chaplains a. Civil engineers a

14 24 41

23 46 53

34 68 7

a Numbers in foreign navies not given in Naval Intelligence Report.

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Number of officers and men for each 1,000 tons of total effective war-ship tonnage built and building. a

36 24 03

1.48

.71
54. 66

33 11. 69

Great Britain.

France.

Rank of personnel.

Num-
ber of
person-

nel.

Number per 1,000

tons.

Num-
ber of
person-

nel.

Number per 1,000

tons.

Num-
ber of
person-
nel

5,427

2.90

Total.
Midshipmen and cadets.
Warrant officers e
Blue jackets.
Marine officers
Marines

1,299
1,815
97,337

458
17,844

Total effective war tonnagee.

1,871,176

801,188

a This table does not include transports, colliers, repair ships, torpedo depot ships, converted merchant ships or yachts, gunboats less than 1,000 tons, torpedo craft of less than 50 tons, nor vessels over 20 years old unless they have been reconstructed and rearmed.

b The number of officers given in the table for France, Italy, and the United States are the numbers allowed by law. In the cases of Great Britain and Germany the numbers glven are from the naval estimates for 1908-9 and probably represent the average numbers for the year. The numbers for Japan are from latest data. The numbers for Austria are from the annual report of the navy, 1908.

• The United States has no engineer corps; in Great Britain the amalgamation of the executive branch with the engineers has begun. d France, Italy, and Japan have no chaplains. Many of the British chaplains are also naval instructors.

• The warrant officers of the British and United States navies have no exact equivalent in other navies. The most closely corresponding positions are found in the navies of Germany and Italy; but the men holding these positions are more properly chief petty officers, having positions and duties between those of commissioned officers and enlisted men.

1 of the enlisted personnel of Italy (27,500), only 20,492 are at sea; the reinainder (7,008) are employed at shore stations. The number at sea per 1,000 tons is 71.9.

• The navies of Great Britain and of the United States are the only ones in which there are enlisted men other than blue jackets for service on board ship; in the British navy the marine officers will be gradually replaced by naval officers who specialize for duty as marine officers.

The Florida and Utah are included in this statement.

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D. Estimated increased annual cost of the navy, which would be occasioned by House bill No.

22276, over the present cost, in the matter of pay and allowances to officers and enlisted men, taking the total tonnage of the navy, which is, approximately, 1,199,000 tons dis

placement. Grand total increased cost.....

$21, 822, 502. 19 The above total of $21,822,502.19 is made up as follows: Line..

6, 340, 226. 88 Medical Corps...

574, 233. 76 Pay Corps...

658, 332. 08 Chaplains.

145, 362. 48 Professors of mathematics..

70, 095. 68 Naval constructors..

279, 118. 24 Civil engineers..

147, 474. 16 Warrant officers..

2,518, 460. 16 Enlisted men......

11, 089, 198. 75 Total........

21, 822, 502. 19 The total of $6,340,226.88 for the line is made up as follows: 1 admiral, ashore...

15, 504. 80 5 vice-admirals.

58, 949. 60 3 at sea...

$33, 000.00 2 ashore.

25, 949. 60 8 rear-admirals.

72, 361. 60 3 at sea..

24, 000.00 5 ashore.

48, 361. 60 100 captains.

581, 700. 32 38 at sea.

190,000.00 61 ashore..

385, 480. 96 1 ashore, bureau service..

6, 319. 36 115 commanders...

628, 559.04 32 at sea...

158, 400.00 79 ashore.

445, 787, 52 4 ashore, bureau service..

24, 371. 52 234 lieutenant-commanders (twenty years).

1, 100, 035. 20 116 at sea......

510, 400.00 109 ashore.

541, 337. 60 9 ashore, bureau service..

48, 297. 60 78 lieutenant-commanders (fifteen years).

357, 303. 20 40 at sea.

171, 600.00 36 ashore..

175, 190. 40 2 ashore, bureau service..

10, 512. 80 731 lieutenants (five years)..

2, 273, 256. 32 485 at sea..

1, 428, 440.00 242 ashore..

830, 040. 64 4 ashore, bureau service.

14, 775. 68 608 ensigns..

9

1, 252, 426. 80 603 at sea..

1, 240, 371. 00 2 ashore.

4, 597. 92 3 ashore, bureau service..

7, 457. 88 Total......

6, 340, 226. 88 The total of $574,233.76 for the Medical Corps is made up as follows: 12, rank of captain, ashore..

75, 832. 32 21, rank of commander...

117, 114. 72

9, 900.00 19 ashore.

107, 214. 72 80, rank of lieutenant (five years).

259, 152. 32 34 at sea....

98, 736.00 36 ashore.

123, 477. 12 10 ashore, bureau service..

36, 939. 20 46, rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years).

122, 134. 40 16 at sea..

38, 720.00 30 ashore.

83, 414. 40 Total...

574, 233. 76 77013-09----54

2 at sea...

$50, 554. 88 77, 614. 56

266, 129. 20

The totai or $658,332.08 for the Pay Corps is made up as follows:

8 rank of captain, ashore..
14 rank of commander.
2 at sea.

$9, 900.00
12 ashore.

67, 714. 56 58 rank of lieutenant-commander (fifteen years). 30 at sea...

128, 700.00 25 ashore..

121, 660.00 3 ashore, bureau service..

15, 769. 20 60 rank of lieutenant (ten years). 28 at sea.

88, 704. 00 28 ashore..

102, 757. 76 4 ashore, bureau service..

15, 831. 68 23 rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years). 20 at sea....

48,400.00 3 ashore.

8, 340.00

207, 298. 44

56, 740.00

Total.....

658, 332.08

33, 488. 40

64, 709. 28

The total of $145,362.48 for chaplains is made up as follows:
7 rank of lieutenant-commander (fifteen years).
1 at sea.

$4, 290.00
6 ashore.

29, 198. 40 19 rank of lieutenant (ten years). 10 at sea.

31, 680.00 9 ashore.

33, 029. 28 18 rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years). 8 at sea.

19, 360.00 10 ashore.

27,804. 80

47, 164.80

Total.....

145, 362. 48

29, 198. 40 20, 579. 52 11, 121.92 9, 195. 84

70,095. 68

The total of $70,095.68 for professors of mathematics is made up as
follows:

6 rank of lieutenant-commander (fifteen years), ashore....
6 rank of lieutenant (five years), ashore....
4 rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years), ashore.
4 rank of ensign.

Total.......
The total of $279,118.24 for naval constructors is made up as follows:

5, rank of captain, ashore ....
5, rank of commander, ashore
14, rank of lieutenant-commander (fifteen years), ashore
31, rank of lieutenant (ten years), ashore.
18, rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years), ashore

Total..
The total of $147,474.16 for civil engineers is made up as follows:

2, rank of captain, ashore.
4, rank of commander, ashore.
12, rank of lieutenant-commander (fifteen years), ashore..
7, rank of lieutenant (ten years), ashore ...
6, rank of lieutenant (junior grade) (five years), ashore
5, rank of ensign (five years), ashore..

18,958. 08 28, 214.40 68, 129. 60 113, 767.52 50, 048. 64

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279, 118. 24

12, 638.72 22, 571. 52 58, 396. SO 25, 689. 44 16, 682. 88 11, 494. 80

Total....

147, 474. 16

The total of $2,518,460.16 for warrant officers is made up as follows:
962 warrant officers...
542 at sea.

2,518, 460. 16

$1,488, 137. 46 390 ashore..

954, 692.70 30 ashore B. S..

75, 630.00 The total of $11,089,198.75 for enlisted men is made up as follows: 20,245 enlisted men. Pay...

$8,502, 900.00 Subsistence.

2,586, 298.75

11,089, 198. 75

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