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me. And Jesus stood, and commanded him to be brought unto him: and when he was come near, he asked him, saying, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight. And Jesus said unto him, Receive thy sight: thy faith hath saved thee. And immediately he received his fight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.
The first Day of Lent, commonly called Ath-Wednesday.
that thou hast made, and doft forgive the sins of all them that are penitent; Create and make in us new and contrite hearts; that we worthily lamenting our fins, and
Lent]. This faft is called Lent from the time of the year in which it is kept, for Lent in the Saxon language is Spring.
Ab-Wednesday] Or, Dies Cinerum. Gregory the Great first added this day to Lent, to make the number of fafting-days completely forty, which before his time were, thirty-fix.-Bingham's Antiq. vol. viii. 106. After his time, it was the caput Quadragefiina, or head of Leni; on which day the penitents were admitted to their penance, according to the following directions:-“ Let all notorious finners who have been already, or are now to be, enjoined public penance, this day present there felves before the church-doors to the bishop of the place, clothed in fackdoth, bare-footed, with eyes cast down upon the ground, professing thus by their habit and countenance their guilt. There must be present the deans, or arch-presbyters, and the public penitentiaries, whole office it 13 to examine the lives of these penitents, and according to the degree of their fin, to apportion their penance, according to the usual degree of penance. After this let them bring the penitents into the church, and, with all the clergy present, let the bijbop fing the seven penitentiary psalms, proftrate upon the ground, with tears for their absolution. Then the bishop, aniling from prayer, according to the canons, let him lay his hand upon them, (that is, to ratify their penance, not to abfolve them) let him sprinkle ahes upon their head, and cover them with fackcloth: and with frequent fighs and fobs, let him denounce to them, that as Adam was cast out of Paradise, fo are they cast out of the church for their fins. After this let the bishop command the officers to drive them out of the church-doors, the clergy following them with this respond; “ In the sweat of thy brows fball thou eat thy bread;" that these poor sinners, seeing holy church atfiked thus and disgraced for their fins, may be sensible of their penance.
The Collect] This prayer for contrition of heart was composed at the ctablishment of the Liturgy in 1549. The introitus was psalm vi.
stretch forth the right hand of thy Majesty, to be our defence against all our enemies, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The Epistle. Ephes. v. 1.
ye therefore followers of God, as dear children;
hath given himself for us an offering and a facrifice to God for a sweet-smelling favour. But fornication and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named amongst you, as becometh saints; neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of ihanks. For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ, and of God. Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of thefe things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Be not ye therefore partakers with them; for ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light; (for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodnefs, and righteousness, and truth;) proving what is acceptable unto the Lord. And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them: For it is a shame even to speak of those things which are done of them in secret. But all things that are reproved, are made manifest by the light: for whatsoever doth make manifeft, is light. Wherefore he faith, Awake chou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ tall give thee light.
The Gospel. St. Luke xi. 14. ESUS was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And
it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered. But some of them faid, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub, the chief of the devils. And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven. But he, knowing their thoughts, faid unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house
falleth. If Saran also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom itand? because ye fay that I cast our devils through Beelzebub. And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do.your sons cast them our? therefore shall they be your judges. But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you. When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace: but when a stronger than he thall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils. He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereih. When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking reit; and finding none, he faith, I will return unto my house whence I came out. And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in, and dwell there: and the latt state of that man is worse than the first. And it came to pass as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the pups which thou haft fucked. But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the Word of God, and keep it.
The fourth Sunday in Lent.
who for our evil deeds do worthily deserve to be When the unclean spirit] In this allegorical passage our blesed Lord accommodates his language to the popular opinions of the Jews; who believed that unclean Ipirits haunted deserts (dry places) and solitudesand he applies these notions to the state of a nation or individual, who may feel a transient impression of penitence and religion, but quichly returns into accustomed evil courses; which, he observes, will then acquire seven-fold force, and in the end produce hardened impenitence and incritable destruction,
The Collect) This prayer for grace and pardon was adopted from Greg. Sacrament. The introitus was psalm xlvi. These three last Sundays in Lent are sometimes distinguished by particular names--the 4th is called
punished, by the comfort of thy grace may mercifully be.. relieved, through our Lord and Savicur Jesus Christ. Amen.
The Epistle. Gal. iv. 21. TELL "ELL me, ye that desire to be under the law, do
ye not hear the law? For it is written, that Abraham had two fons, the one by a bond-maid, the other by a free-woman. But he who was of the bond-woman, was born after the fieth; but he of the free-woman was by promise. Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children. But Jerufalem which is above, is free; which is the mother of us all. For it is written, Rejoice, thou barren that bearest Dot; break forth and cry, thou that travailest not: for the defolate hath many more children ihan she which hath an husband. Now we, brethren, as Isaac was, are the chil
AIHHHent Sunday, though formerly it had the name of Dominica refeffionis, the Sunday of refreihment, from the circumitances recorded in the gospel at the day, which gave rise to the custom retained in fome counties of mid-lenting, or mothering on this day. The 5th Sunday in Lent is called Palion Sunday; and the 6th, or Sunday before Easter, has the name of Palm Sunday, in commemoration of ourblefled Lord’striumphantentryinto Jerufalem; in remembrance of which palms were used to be borne here with us upon this day, till the fecond year of King Edward Vith.
The fiel] Without a divine promise and interposition. Allegory] Or, which things are here allegorized by me; that is, which things I may instructively consider, as if they had a further meaning than the historian gave them.
Two covenants] For these, the bond-woman and the free, may be use fully considered as retembling or representing the Jewish and Christian covenants; the former given from mount Sinai, bearing children to servitude, which covenant is denoted by Agar.
Is florent S:1227! For Agar, (the mother of the Ismaelites) represents the slavilh and temporary difpenfation of the Jewish law, which was given 2t mount Sinai, in the dcfert of Arabia; and that people (the Jews) who were to be kept under the severe discipline of it.
1: free) Reprefents Sarah, the mother of us Christians in general: you gentiles, converts, being the tons of Abraham, by imitating his faith ; and Sarah bearing children to freedom from the law, and to the inheritance of God's promics in the Jewith converts descended from her.
dren of promise. But as then, he that was born after the Aeth, persecured him that was born after the Spirit; even so it is now. Nevertheless, what faith the Scripture? Cast out the bond-woman and her fon; for the fon of the bond-woinan shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman. So then, brethren, we are not children of the bond-woman, but of the free.
The Gospel. St. John vi. 1. (ESUS went over the sea of Galilee, which is the real
of Tiberias. And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased. And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he fat with his disciples. And the paffover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh. When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he faith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat? And this he said to prove hiin; for he himself knew what he would do.. Philip anlıvered him, Two hundred penny-worth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.' One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, faith a to him, There is a lad, here, which hath five barley-loaves, and two small filhes: but what are they among so many? And Jesus Laid, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. . So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. And Jesus took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would. When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nobing be loit. Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve barkets with the fragments of the five barley-loaves, which remained over and
Children of promise] The application of this allegory then is plain; Chriftians, whether circumcised or not, whether gentile or Jewish, are the members of this bleffed covenant, intended in the promise to Abraham; and are the spiritual offspring of Ifaac.
Of the free] Being therefore members of the free, gracious, and spiritual religion of the gospel; as laac was the promised teed of Abraham, we are not obliged to the heavy bondage of the canonical law of Moles.