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openly in the Church instruct and examine so many Children of his Parish fent unto him, as he shall think convenient, in some part of this Catechism. And all Fathers, Mothers, Masters, and Dames, fiall cause their Children, Servants, and Apprentices, (which have not learned their Catechism) to come to the Church at the time appointed, and obediently to bear, and be ordered by the Curate, until such time as they have learned all that is here appointed for them to learn.

So foon as Children are come to a competent age, and can say in their Mother Tongue, the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and the Ten Commandments; and also can answer to the other Questions of this short Catechism; they fiall be brought to the Bishop. And every one fivall have a Godfather or Godmother, as a Witness of their Confirmation. And whenfoever the Bishop shall give knowledge for Children to be brought unto him for their Confirmation, the Curate of every Parish shall either bring or send in writing, with his hand subscribed thereunto, the Names of all such Persons within bis Parisi, as he shall think fit to be presented to the Bishop to be confirmed. And if the Bishop approve of them, he shall confirm them in the manner following: In the Church] This public examination of children in the principles of their religion was formerly observed with the utmost strictnets. During the interregnum in this country, in the seventeenth century, a laudable custom prevailed of insuring, by a written obligation, the bringing of children to the catechifm by their parents and sponsors. I have an extract from the register of Christ-Church, in Hampshire, A. D. 1651, which eltablithes this fact. It is couched in these words: “ We whose names or marks are here subscribed, together with the names of our children baptized, do folemnly protest and promise, that if we and our children live together till they come to the age of nine years, we will bring or cause our children to come to the congregation of Christ-Church before our present minister Mr. Warner, or his successors; there to renew their covenant made in baptisin, and to answer and give a reason of their hope, by way of catechism, to often as the said Mr. Warner, or his succesfors, shall require us to to do.”

Part of this Catechism] In Edward Vith's first book, the parenthesis was, (which are not yet confirmed ;) but because, at that time, many were confirmed young before they could understand the catechifm, this direction was, at the luggettion of Bucer, altered as it now stands.



| Upon the Day appointed, all that are to be then colie firmed, being placed, and standing in Order, before the Bishop; he (or some o! her Minister appointed by him) Jhall read this Preface following: To

the end that Confirmation may be ministered to

the more editying of such as fhall receive it, the Church hath thought good to order, That none hereafter shall be confirmed, but such as can say the Creed, the Lord's-Prayer, and the Ten Commandments; and can also answer to such other Questions, as in the short Catechisın are contained : which order is very convenient to be observed; to the end, that children, being now come to the years of discretion, and having learned what their Godfathers and Godmothers promised for them in Baptism, they may themselves, with their own mouth and consent, openly before the Church, ratify and confirm the fame; and also promise, that by the grace of God they will evermore endeavour themselves faithfully to observe such things, as they, by their own confession, have as. sented unto.

Confirmation) “When children are well instructed in the vow made for them at baptifm, by the church catechism, it is then required they fhould take it upon themselves, and be confirmed by the bishop: which holy rite of confirmation, though it were not instituted by Chrift, and so be not properly a facrament, yet the apostles did lay their hands on such as had been before baptized by an inferior minister, Acts viii. 14, 15, 16, 17; and xix. 6; which custom the primitive church imitated in the bishops laying on their hands, with holy prayers, upon persons that had been baptized; which was believed to convey the holy Spirit to them for enabling them to keep their vow. And this holy rite is still retained in the Lattern and Western churches, and in all Protestant churches where they have bishops. And we have an excellent office for it, containing, first, the preparation for it by a serious admonition to all that come to it, a folemn engagement from the parties to keep their vow, with some acts of .praise and prayer suited to the occasion. Secondly, the rite itself confifts of the ceremony, which is laying on of the bishop's hands, and his benediction. Thirdly, the office is concluded with prayers; general, as the the Lord's Prayer; and peculiar to the occasion, as the two collects : and with a final blessing.--Combcr.

Preface. This preface was in the form of rubrics till the last reviews when it was thrown into that of a prcface.

Then shall the Bishop say,

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gregation, renew the solemn promise and vow that was made in your name at your Baptism; ratifying and confirming the same in your own persons, and acknowledging yourselves bound to believe, and to do, all those things, which your Godfathers and Godmothers then undertook for you?

And every one shall audibly answer, I do.
Bishop. Our help is in the Name of the Lord;
Anfw. Who hath made heaven and earth.
Bijhop. Blessed be the Name of the Lord,
Answ. Henceforth world without end.
Bishop. Lord, hear our prayers;
Answ. And let our cry come unto thee.
Bishop. Let us pray.

; safed to regenerate these thy servants by water and the Holy Ghost, and hast given unto them forgiveness of all their fins ; Strengthen them, we beseech thee, O Lord, with the Holy Ghost the Comforter, and daily increase in them thy manifold gifts of grace; the spirit of wisdom and understanding; the spirit of counsel and ghostly strength; the spirit of knowledge and true godliness ; and fill them, O Lord, with the spirit of thy holy fear, now and for ever. Amen.

Our help] Till the review in 1662, the office commenced with these ver{cles.

Almighty, &c.] This prayer was composed at the Reformation from ancient forms in the Greek church.—Eucholog. Græc. p. 355. For ever. Amen] In the

first book of Edw.VI. the following forms were used by the minister after this prayer : “ Sign them, O Lord, and mark them to be thine for ever, by the virtue of thy holy cross and passion. Confirm and strengthen them with the inward unction of the Holy Ghost, maercifully unto everlasting life. Amen.” After this the Bishop was to cross them on the forehead, and lay his hands upon their heads, saying, “N. I. lign thee with the sign of the cross, and lay mine hand upon thee, in the nane of the Father, &c. &c.And thus shall he do to every child, one after another; and when he hath laid his hand on every child, then shall he fay, “ The peace of the Lord abide with you. Answer, And with thy spirit.” On the review of Edward's first prayer-book, the above torms and rubrics were omitted.

Then all of them in order kneeling before the Bishop, he shall lay his hand upon the head of every one severally, saying, D

EFEND, O Lord, this thy Child (or this thy Sere

vant j with thy heavenly grace; that he may continue thine for ever, and daily increase in thy Holy Spirit more and more, until he come unto thy everlasting kingdom. Amen.

I Then shall the Bishop say,
The Lord be with you.
Answ. And with thy spirit.

And all kneeling down, the Bishop shall add,

Let us pray:

UR Father, which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy

Name. Thy Kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not inta temptation; But deliver us from evil. Amen.

And this Colle7.
LMIGHTY and everliving God, who makest us both

to will and to do those things that be good and acceptable unto thy Divine Majesty ; We make our humble supplications unto thee for these thy servants, upon whom (after the example of thy holy Apostles) we have now laid our hands; to certify them (by this sign) of thy favour and gracious goodness towards them. Let thy Fatherly hand, we beseech thee, ever be over them ; let thy Holy Spirit ever be with them; and so lead them in the knowledge and obedience of thy Word, that in the end they may obtain everlasting life, through our Lord Jesus Christ'; who with thee and the Holy Ghost liveth and reigneth, ever one God, world without end. Amen.

Almighty Lord, and everlasting God, vouchsafe,

we befeech thee, to direct, fan&tify, and govern The Lord, &c.] These two versicles, the rubric following them, and the Lord's Prayer, and the words " and this collect,” were all added at the review 1662.

O Almighty Lord] This collect was added (from the communion office) at the review 1662.

both our hearts and bodies in the ways of thy laws, and in the works of thy commandments; that through thy most mighty protection, both here and ever, we may be preserve. in body and soul, through our Lord and Sam viour Jesus Christ. Amen.

T Then the Bishop shall bless them, saying thus,
'HE blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the

Son, and the Holy Ghost, be upon you, and remain with


Amen. [ And there shall none be admitted to the holy Communion,

until such time as he be confirmed, or be ready and desirous to be confirmed.

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THE FORM OF Solemnization of Matrimony. First the Banns of all that are to be married together must be published in the Church three several Sundays or Holy-days, in the time of Divine Service, immediately before the Sentences for the Offertory; the Curate saying

after the accustomed Manner, I

Publish the Banns of Marriage between M. of and N. of If



you cause, or just impediment, why these two persons should not be joined

And there Mall, &c.] In Edward VIth's first book, this rubric concluded at the first word “ confirmed.” In his second book were introduced these words, after such time, “ as he can say the catechism.” At the last review it was thrown into its present form. Our ecclesiastical constitutions admit none to communicate, unless in danger of death, but such as are confirmed; or at least have a reasonable impediment for not being fo; and the glossary allows no impediment to be legal, but the want of a bishop near the place of the applicant's residence.

Matrimony] The prohibitions with respect to marriage, observed by the ancient Chriftian church, (some of which were derived from the Jewish, and others from the Roman laws) were as follow :

Christians were not to marry with Infidels, or Jews, or Heretics, or any of a different religion; nor to complete their marriage, without previously acquainting the Church with their deligns; nor to marry with persons of near alliance, either by confanguinity or affinity, to avoid fufpicion of incest. Children under age not to marry wituout the consent of their parents, or guardians, or near relations. Slaves not to marry without confent of their masters. Persons of superior rank not to marry Naves.

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