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The $450 increase in 1946 was temporary, but this increase was given at a time when all Federal employees and all District qualified employees and firemen and policemen received an increase, and it was recognized as a cost-of-living increase.

The present $250 additional increase does take cognizance of the fact that we were not in a very good position at that time.

The Board of Education proposals, fifthly, do provide placement credit for the teacher at the time of annual appointment. It is our belief that this provision is very wise, and we do have temporary teachers who have come in and stuck with the job over a period of years, but there is a certain element there that we are recognizing, the fact that we now have to encourage the teacher and retain her to fill the job of the permanent teacher that we could not retain.

We are only asking, of course, in all of this, for a sympathetic understanding of our problem, which seems to be one of wanting to teach children, prepared to teach them, and for many of us continually better preparing ourselves in spite of the fact that we have a salary schedule which has inequities, is not attracting teachers and fails to recognize the contribution we are making to education.

We feel that if these proposals are enacted many of these things will be taken care of. If we still fail to solve this problem, then we feel there are certain areas that need study, in the future, such areas as the increase and the increment and the addition of clarification and those things that have been brought up prior to this.

Mr. Bates. Thank you.

The next witness will be Mrs. Martha W. Scott, president of the Washington Junior High School Classroom Teachers' Association, divisions 10 to 13.

STATEMENT OF MRS. MARTHA W. SCOTT, PRESIDENT, WASHING

TON JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL CLASSROOM TEACHERS ASSOCIATION, DIVISIONS 10 TO 13

Mr. Chairman, and members of the committee, I am Mrs. Martha W. Scott, the president of the Washington Junior High School Classroom Teachers' Association of divisions 10–13 of the public schools of the District of Columbia.

This association has a membership of 230 teachers, and is a member of the Joint Legislative Council of Educational Organizations. Our association wishes to go on record as heartily endorsing the teachers' salary schedule which was presented by Superintendent Hobart M. Corning, and the members of the Board of Education to the joint committee, and which has been introduced as H. R. 2976 and S. 1088.

Mr. BATES. Thank you very much.

The next witness will be Mrs. Anna B. Kenefick, president, Childhood Education Association.

STATEMENT OF MRS. ANNA B. KENEFICK, PRESIDENT,

CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ASSOCIATION

Mrs. KENEFICK. I did not come with a prepared report but I will read you a little bit, Congressman Bates, of the beginning of our organization.

At the time of the proposed salary legislation, due to the time element, it was impossible for us to hold a meeting so the best method we could follow was to have a poll of our executive board.

At that time, we polled the board and the majority of them approved of Dr. Cornings' proposed salary legislation with some qualifications.

It was then decided we would poll our individual members, which we did, and in that poll, it showed a majority in favor of the proposed salary legislation which Dr. Corning had submitted.

Mr. BATES. Will you just give us a little history of the Childhood Education Association ?

Mrrs. KENEFICK. Our Association for Childhood Education has really as its aim to promote good fellowship among all those interested in the education of children. That is international, too.

Therefore, of course perhaps a little money does help sometime with good fellowship, and that is why we are in on the legislative council, and as such we have representation to this organization.

We had 186 members. We now have an increased membership of 200. At that time, we had 186 members, and all were polled.

We had 115 returns, 55 approved unconditionally, and 48 approved with some qualifications. Three disapproved, and eight were confused in answering and those had to be thrown out from our poll, but we felt the majority had approved of Dr. Corning's proposal for salary legislation and adjustment.

Mr. BATEs. Thank you, Mrs. Kenefick.

The next witness will be Miss Caroline B. Manns, president, Elementary Classroom Teachers Association, divisions 10 to 13.

STATEMENT OF MISS CAROLINE B. MANNS, PRESIDENT, ELEMENTARY CLASSROOM TEACHERS ASSOCIATION, DIVISIONS 10 TO 13

Miss MANNS. I am Miss Caroline B. Manns. My home address is 1119 Fairmont Street NW, Washington, D. C.

I am president of and am speaking for the Elementary Classroom Teachers Association, divisions 10 to 13, which has a membership of 580 teachers.

The association endorses the salary schedule submitted by the Board of Education to the House and Senate Committees on the District of Columbia now incorporated in H. R. 2976 and S. 1088.

I desire to direct the attention of the committee, first to the item in the bill providing for the single salary schedule; that is, equal pay for equal professional qualifications; for teachers in the elementary and secondary schools.

This provision, if established in law, will give recognition to the principle that teaching in elementary schools is of equal importance to teaching in secondary schools.

We, who are teaching in elementary schools, consider it manifestly unfair both to elementary teachers and to the children whom we teach that we should be discriminated against by being paid a lower salary simply because we teach the younger children, in spite of the fact that we possess professional qualifications equal to secondary school teachers.

In many instances teachers of superior teaching qualifications and great professional growth, though preferring to work with the younger child, in the absence of the single salary schedule have actually left the elementary school and sought teaching positions in secondary schools in order to attain an increased income.

This represents a distinct loss to elementary education. Many of us have remained in these elementary schools with the hope that we would some day attain the salary recognition to which we think our professional qualifications entitle us.

At long last in the issue of the single salary schedule for teachers in the elementary and secondary schools in the District of Columbia it has been clearly drawn and has been brought before this committee for determination.

Accordingly, elementary teachers respectfully urge the committee to establish in law the principle of the single salary schedule for teachers in the public schools of this city. The trend in public education is distinctly in this direction.

The principle of the single salary schedule was not recognized for elementary teachers in the 1945 Salary Act. H. R. 2976 and S. 1088 now before this committee do recognize this principle.

At this point I respectfully request the committee to turn to page 2, lines 14 to 19, inclusive, which sets up the principle of the single salary schedule for teachers in elementary schools with the master's degree, and reads as follows:

Group C: A basic salary of $3,000 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for 12 years or until a maximum salary of $4,200 per year is reached.

Group D: A basic salary of $4,300 per year, with an annual increase in salary of $100 for four years or until a maximum salary of $4,700 per year is reached.

The committee will note that these provisions for elementary teachers with a master's degree are identical with the provisions for junior high and senior high school teachers, with the same professional qualifications, found on page 3 of the bill.

Second, I wish to direct the attention of the committee to the importance of establishing in this bill a beginning salary for teachers high enough to attract the service of the public schools well trained and promising instructors willing to make a career of teaching in the elementary schools.

In this matter of the beginning salary, Washington is not only in competition with other public school systems in large urban communities, but also with the Federal Government.

We believe that the $2,500 beginning salary carried in this bill for elementary teachers with the A. B. degree and the beginning salary of $3,000 for elementary teachers with the M. A. degree will place the District of Columbia in position to compete on favorable terms with public school systems in other large urban communities and with the Federal Government.

In the third place, I desire to direct the attention of the committee to the fact that it is equally important that there be set up for teachers in the public schools of the District of Columbia a maximum salary that will hold in the service well-trained and competent teachers. The elementary teachers believe that the maximum salary provided in the bill, $1,200 for the A. B. degree and $1,700 for the M. A. degree will accomplish this purpose.

These three items, the single salary schedule, a beginning salary high enough to attract well-trained and promising instructors, and a maximum salary high enough to hold well-trained and competent teachers are the provisions in this bill which are of paramount importance to the teachers, whom I represent, in elementary schools.

I respectfully request the committee's approval and favorable consideration of these three items.

Mr. BATEs. Thank you very much.

We will next proceed to Mrs. Isabel R. Ward, president Attendance Officers' Association, District of Columbia Public Schools.

STATEMENT OF MRS. ISABEL R. WARD, PRESIDENT, ATTEND

ANCE OFFICERS' ASSOCIATION, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA PUBLIC SCHOOLS

Mr. Congressman, I am Isabel R. Ward. I am president of the Attendance Officers' Association, divisions 1 to 13. I am also speaking for Mrs. Jones, our president, who has registered and is present.

I represent 20 attendance officers, 10 white and 10 colored, in the Department of School Attendance and Works Permits.

We are a professional staff whose duty is to enforce the compulsory school attendance law for children between 7 and 16. By law, we serve all schools in the District, public, private, and parochial.

The program is carried on through home visiting, conferences with school staffs, parents and children. Referral of problem cases is made to various social agencies established to serve special needs in the District. Case histories are prepared and testimony given in the juvenile court for violation of the law. Last year this department made over 22,000 attendance investigations. For this professional job in the prevention of juvenile delinquency, we request equal consideration with other school personnel.

We ask only what is already granted to all other professional staff in the schools. There is ample precedent in the District of Columbia school system for what we request :

1. Research assistance, who are nonteaching professional employees, are granted all privileges we are now requesting.

2. School counselors, who do not teach, have all holidays and the work-vear that we are asking.

3. Librarians, who are not regular classroom teachers, also have all the holidays mentioned.

In order to make this established policy uniform and applicable to all nonteaching professional staff, we are proposing an amendment.

There is also ample precedent in other communities for what we ask. A survey of 25 large cities made in March of this year shows that 22 large cities made in March of this year shows that 22 grant all teachers holidays and vacations to attendance staff.

Two cities do not grant holidays, but attendance officers receive more salary than elementary teachers in those cities. The third city is on State civil service.

The 25 cities are:

Baltimore, Baton Rouge-holidays not granted but extra pay is given attendance officers-Birmingham, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati,

Cleveland, Des Moines, Detroit, Hartford, Kansas City, Lincoln, Los Angeles, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Newark-on civil service of State– New York-holidays not granted but extra pay is given attendance officers—New Orleans, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, San Francisco, Seattle, and Wilmington.

Our request'involves no additional money. The proposed amendment will add nothing to the school budget now or in the future.

Under the existing 1945 act, attendance officers have 10 days of sick leave instead of the 32 days of vacation other school staff enjoy. This 10 days' leave is for illness and no other purpose. We do not consider the 10 days' sick leave an equitable leave in comparison with the 32 days of vacation granted teachers.

Let me explain what has happened since June 1945 when these leave provisions were established.

First, an attendance officer wished to attend summer school. After school was over June 21 and after this officer's work was completed, she asked for leave to attend summer school.

She was told that in order to go to summer school she would have to resign her permanent position and go off the rolls. All this occurred in late June after teachers, librarians, research assistants, and counselors were already on vacation.

Since summer schools in this area begin before June 30 and since attendance officers cannot get any leave for educational purposes, none of us is able to take work for professional advancement.

In the second instance, since the passage of the 1945 act an attendance officer with over 25 years of service in the department lost her son. In this emergency of death in her immediate family, the officer lost full

pay

for every day she was out because we have no substitute privileges for emergency

leave. We understand that one purpose of the bills now under consideration is to abolish the inequities of the 1945 act. These inequities are still in the proposed bills insofar as they relate to attendance officers.

In order to correct these inequities, raise morale, and maintain a qualified staff, I present an amendment which will repeal sick leave privileges and instead will give attendance officers the identical leave privileges now granted other groups.

I repeat, this proposed amendment will add no expense to the budget.

Mr. Chairman, in order to save time, I would like to leave with you these pages which show the qualifications and working days of attendance officers in different cities.

Mr. BATEs. They will be received. (The information is as follows:)

EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS OF THE PROFESSIONAL STAFF OF DEPARTMENT OF

SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AND WORK PERMITS FOR 1946–47 Director:

Alice C. Sheldon, LLB George Washington University, AB George Wash

ington University. Chief attendance officers : Harriet Roberts DeMond, AB Howard University, Certificate in Social

Work (Howard University).
Emilie Lassalle, AM University of Colorado, AB University of Wisconsin.

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