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Senator Cain. I would suggest that on Tuesday, at 10 o'clock in the morning, we will hear from those citizens who have anything they care to say leading up to those who care to discuss the over-all tax situation before we hear comments about specific legislative tax revenue measures.

That being satisfactory, this meeting will stand adjourned.

(Whereupon, the committee, at 12 o'clock noon, took an adjournment until 10 a. m. Tuesday, April 1, 1947.)

(Statement later received for the record from the Department of Vehicles and Traffic.)

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1938: Increase in salaries of annual personnel due to appropriation for temporary clerk hire. Increase in salaries of per diem due to reallocation of positions. In crease in all other expenditures due to appropriation for the purchase of electricity for the operation of traffic lights. Prior to this year, payment for this item was made by the Electrical Department.

1939 : Increase in number of annual employees for the compulsory mechanical inspection of motor vehicles and trailers. Also an increase in all other expenditures for the construction of the official inspection stations and necessary equipment. There were 53 new positions authorized for the inspection service but these employees worked only a portion of the year, requiring a relatively small increase in the personal-service item. There was also an increase in the appropriation for temporary clerk hire due to the triannual period for the renewal of operators' permits. Provision was also made for 2 new annual employees for the issuance of titles and tags and 2 new per diem laborers.

1940: The increase in the expenditure for salaries was due to full time of the personnel for the compulsory inspection of motor vehicles. There was an increase of one CAF-11 administrative assistant in charge of traffic safety education. There was an additional appropriation for the promotion of traffic safety but a decided decrease for all other expenditures due to the completion of the inspection stations and the purchase of the necessary equipment. Provisions were also made for 1 new per diem laborer.

1941 : Provisions made for 2 new per diem laborers. Increase in annual salary rate due to reallocation of one position. Savings in all other expenditures due to shortage of materials for installation of traffic signals, signs, etc.

1942: Increase in annual employees due to appropriation for temporary clerk hire during triannual period for the renewal of operators' permits. Increase in per diem labor for the maintenance of parking meters and the increase in all other expenditures for the purchase and installation of parking meters.

1943: Decrease in annual personal services due to employees entering the military service. Increase in per diem labor for maintenance of traffic lights, signs, parking meters, etc. Savings in all other expenditures due to shortage of materials during the national emergency.

1944–45: Decrease in personnel and all other expenditures due to military. service and shortage of materials during the national emergency.

1946: Increase in personal services due to former employees returning from military service and increase in all other expenditures due to increased availability of materials.

It should also be borne in mind that the Mead-Ramspeck Act of August 1, 1941, and the Overtime Act of December 2, 1942, contributed to salary changes reflected in the above statement.

BUDGET REQUIREMENTS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

TUESDAY, APRIL 1, 1947

JOINT SUBCOMMITTEE ON FISCAL AFFAIRS OF THE
COMMITTEES ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,

UNITED STATES SENATE,
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

Washington, D.C. The joint subcommittee met at 10 a. m., pursuant to adjournment, in the Senate District Committee room, Capitol, Washington, D. C., Senator Harry P. Cain (chairman of the Joint Subcommittee) presiding.

Present: Senators Cain and McGrath: Representatives Bates (cochairman of the joint subcommittee) and Smith.

Present also: Parker L. Jackson, special adviser to the House ComInittee on the District of Columbia.

Senator Cain. May I call the meeting to order, please.

As I think all of you know, it was suggested at our last meeting last Thursday that today, and perhaps several days in the future, would be set aside for the purpose of listening to the general over-all points of view of representative citizens from within the District.

I have in front of me a list of six persons, all of whom, I think, are either here or will be here during the course of the morning, prepared to present their respective points of view and attitudes.

We have Mr. C. F. Preller or any other representative of the Washington Central Labor Union; Mr. Archibald King, chairman of the committee on public improvements, Georgetown Citizens Association; Mr. Jerome B. McKee, chairman, special law and legislative committee, Federation of Businessmen's Association; Mrs. Robert Wilson, chairman, District of Columbia Affairs, District of Columbia League of Women Voters; Mr. Joseph E. Keller, executive secretary of the District of Columbia Petroleum Industries Committee; and Mr. Donald Murray, legislative representative, CIO Teachers Union, CIO.

I take it for granted we are all continuously interested in cooperating with each other as to time and subject matter, and I would suggest immediately, therefore, that Mr. Archibald King, who comes today to represent himself as the chairman of the committee on public improvements, Georgetown Citizens Association, come up baere and sit with us.

STATEMENT OF ARCHIBALD KING, CHAIRMAN OF THE COMMITTEE

ON PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS, GEORGETOWN CITIZENS ASSOCIATION, WASHINGTON, D. C.

Mr. King. Senator, before I begin I should like to state what I intended to talk about and inquire, in view of the fact of the statement 99538-47-23

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that you made, you and Mr. Bates, whether you wish to hear me now or at a later time.

Senator Cain. Please proceed.

Mr. King. The subject I desire to talk about, sir, is the Federal contribution to the District of Columbia budget. Do you wish to hear me on this subject now or at a later time?

Mr. BATEs. I have no objection to hearing you if you will restrict your talk to that subject in itself.

Mr. KING. Yes, sir.

Mr. Bates. The matter of taxes will come up at a later date, but what we would like to hear also, more important than that to us, is any criticism you have of the administration of the District for the last 10 years. You are close to the problem; the people of the District are the ones we must rely upon for information and advice as to what is going on in the District, and if the people do not come forward and tell us that story of inefficiency or lack of economy or malfeasance in office, let us call it, then it cannot be expected that this remote control we are exercising here in the investigation of the District's finances will permit us to determine many of the things we would like to determine if certain other things are not brought to light.

Now, I would like to have you, if you have any criticism of the District, to incorporate that in your statement.

Mr. King. May I be seated, sir?
Senator Cain. Certainly.

Mr. King. Gentlemen, my name is Archibald King, and I am a colonel on the retired list of the United States Army, though I am not appearing here in that capacity.

I am also a lawyer; I was born here in the District of Columbia in the year 1882, and have lived here my entire life, except when I was absent, sir, in your State getting my college and law-school education, and elsewhere on military duty in the Army.

Mr. BATEs. In other words, you laid a good foundation, first, by going to Massachusetts.

Mr. King. Yes, sir; I did. I went to the first and oldest university in the United States, Harvard University, and I have the honor of holding three degrees from it, sir.

What I want to talk about, sir, as I said a moment ago, particularly, is the Federal contribution to the District budget.

You have heard lots of percentages and figures and acreage statements, but figures are cold; they do not always give as good a picture as some other method of presentation.

I should like to give you a brief summary of what I myself have seen here in the District of Columbia in my lifetime, with reference to the enormous increase in the land holdings of the United States Government.

When I was a boy, and I can remember as far back as the year 1888, when I was 6 years old, the Federal Government occupied and used for its purposes the Capitol, the White House, the two buildings on either side of it, the Treasury, and the State, War, and Navy Building; the mall connecting the two; a few other scattered buildings of about a block apiece; the old Patent Office, now the Civil Service Commission; the building across the street from the building formerly occupied by the General Land Office, the Pension Office, now the General Accounting Office; the old Naval Observatory at the corner of Twenty-third and E Streets; a number of small triangular or one-block parks such as Lafayette Square and Franklin Square; a feu cireles, and that was-yes, the navy yard, which was about half its present size; the Arsenal, now called the War College, and that was about all. I do not think I missed anything of any importanceone more, St. Elizabeths Hospital, which was in existence as of that time.

Since that time I have personally seen, and can remember, the taking of these properties, and I have not gone to official records; I, no doubt, have missed a good many, but simply running over in my own mind the properties that I have seen taken and nearly all of these properties, except the parks, were formerly occupied by buildings and paid revemue to the District of Columbia in the form of taxes.

Now, beginning in the northwest section, the Federal triangle bounded by Pennsylvania Avenue, Constitution Avenue, and running from Sixtli Street to Fifteenth Street, about 15 or 20 blocks; the 2 more blocks on the south side of Pennsylvania Avenue, from Third to Sixth Street. The Public Health Building, a block; the new War Department Building, now taken over by the State Department within the last few weeks, and the territory around it, three or four blocks. The North and South Interior Buildings, and the park south of them, about four blocks; the parkway along the Potomac River from Constitution to the mouth of Rock Creek, about three-fourths of a mile long, rather narrow; the heating plant and coal dump in Georgetown, another block; the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal with valuable water rights pertaining to it, a strip 5 miles long from Rock Creek to the western boundary of the District of Columbia; Montrose Park in Georgetown, 6 acres; Dumbarton Oaks, about 75 acres; Foundry Run Park, about a mile long.

Coming downtown again, the Court of Claims Building, about a quarter of a block; the Treasury Annex and other buildings on the east side of Lafayette Square, about a half a block; the site of the new General Accounting Office now vacant, a very large block; the enlargement of the Government Printing Office, about half a block; the Rock Creek Park, some 8 miles long from the mouth of Rock Creek to the northern boundary of the District; the Piney Branch Park, half a mile long; Fort Stevens, half a block; Walter Reed Hospital, about 20 blocks; the Bureau of Standards about blocks; the Naval Observitory, a circle about half a nile in diameter.

In the northwest, across from where I am sitting, the Supreme Court, a couple of blocks, and the Senate Ollice Building, a block; and the park between the Capitol and the Union Station, about eight Llocks.

In the southeast, the House Office Building, two blocks; the addition to the Navy Yard, some eight blocks; Anacostia Parkway, some 4 miles long; Fort Dupont Park and other parks east of Anacostia Rirer, many blocks, I cannot say how many; the Library of Congress, two blocks.

In the southwest, the new Botanical Gardens; the Railroad Retin ment Building and Social Security Building, all close together, some three blocks; the temporary buildings near the War College, about three blocks; the Naval Air Station, Bolling Field, and the Naval

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