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Mr. XANTEN. Street sweepings, dead animals, and the cleaning of privies.

Mr. BATES. That only refers to ashes and trash, that statement there!
Mr. XANTEN. This statement refers to all.
Mr. BATES. Does that include street cleaning?
Mr. XANTEN. Yes, sir.
Mr. BATES. Street cleaning, the entire department?
Mr. XANTEN. Yes, sir, that is the entire department.

Mr. BATES. I wish you would write that in the top that it includes street cleaning, garbage, trash, street cleaning and privy cleaning. You have many privy cleanings around the District? Those are problems which are not collected by the sanitary sewers.

Mr. XANTEN. Yes, sir, they have been reduced in the last 5 years, to my knowledge, from about 3,100 to about 600.

Mr. BATES. 600 still in the District ?
Mr. XANTEN. Yes, sir.
Mr. Bates. What plans have you made to connect them with sewers?

Mr. XANTEN. Just as rapidly as possible; in some cases it is a very expensive thing to run a sewer to an isolated case, but in general it has been quite a dent which has been made.

(Statement later received for the record from the City Refuse Division.)

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1939: Increase of $15,00. Increase of 25 per diem employees. Work-lo.id increase or decrease in quantities : Ashes, 1.6 percent; garbage, 9.4 percent; household trash collected, 13.9 percent; trash disposed of 13.5 percent ; street sweepings, 1.0 percent.

1940: Increase of $67,700. Increase of 10 per diem and 2 classified employees (foremen). $65,000 additional for replacement to motortruck fleet. Work-load increase or decrease in quantities: Ashes, 5.4 percent; garbage, 3.7 percent; household trash collected, 8.5 percent; trash disposed of, 13.6 percent; street sweepings, 6.4 percent.

1941: Increase of $50,200. Increase of 37 per diem employees. Cost increase due to abolition of per diem "labor apprentice” grade. Work-load increase or decrease in quantities: Ashes, -8.0 percent; garbage, +5.4 percent; household trash collected, +8.9 percent; trash disposed of, +9.7 percent; street sweepings. +17.1 percent.

1942: Increase of $236,000. Increase of 44 per diem employees. $28,000 additional for replacements to motortruck fleet. Cost increase due to automatic within-grade promotions to per diem and classified employees. Work-load increase or decrease in quantities: Ashes, -1.2 percent; garbage, -5.1 percent; household trash collected, +5.1 percent; trash disposed of, 19.9 percent; street sweepings, 15.2 percent.

1943: Increase of $422,200. Increase of 104 per diem employees. Cost increase due to 20 percent increase in per diem wage scale (7 months of year), and 44-hour week for classified employees with resultant overtime pay. Work-load increase or decrease: Ashes, +11.4 percent; garbage, -0.2 percent; household trash collected, +3.7 percent; trash disposed of, 19.3 percent; street sweepings, +4.5 percent.

1944: Increase of $153,400. Increase of 8 additional per diem employees. Cost increase due to full-year impact of 20 percent wage scale increase granted in previous year; necessity of some overtime work of per diem employees due to inability to procure necessary labor. Work-load increase or decrease in quantities: Ashes, +6.9 percent; garbage, -4.4 percent; household trash collected, -12.6 percent; trash disposed of, -21.1 percent; street sweepings, +7.0 percent. Decreases due to food rationing and salvage campaigns. Population, housing units serviced, and length of haul continued to increase.

1945 : Increase of $86,190. Decrease of 49 per diem employees. Increase of 2 classified employees (foremen). Cost increase due to 1.8 percent increase in per diem wage scale (3 months) and accelerated extension of overtime work throughout per diem forces due to serious labor shortage. Work-load increase or decrease in quantities : Ashes, +1.9 percent; garbage, +1.5 percent; household trash collected, -6.1 percent; trash disposed of, -3.6 percent; street sweepings, -5.2 percent. Salvage campaigns still reflected in decrease in refuse quantities but population, housing units serviced, and length of haul continued to increase.

1946: Increase of $191,900. Increase of 85 per diem and 1 classified employees (staff engineer). Increase of $96,300 for replacements and additions to motortruck fleet. Cost increase due to provisions of Federal Employees' Pay Act of 1945, and similar benefits of holiday and night differential pay to per diem employees, plus the full effect of the wage-scale increase granted in previous year. It was necessary to a degree to continue overtime work during this year. Workload increases or decreases in quantities: Ashes, +2.6 percent; garbage, +2.9 percent; household trash collected, +7.5 percent; trash disposed of, +14.8 percent; street sweepings, +7.0 percent.

Senator CAIN. That is all I have to ask.
Mr. BATES. Who else have we here, General Young?
General Young. We have Mr. Auld from the Water Department.
Mr. BATES. We had him the other day.

General Young. Mr. Auld, did you present testimony on compara-
tive costs and on the work we do for the Government?
Mr. AULD. No, sir.
Mr. Bates. All right, Mr. Auld.

Did I ask you the other day to supply the committee with that information ?

STATEMENT OF DAVID AULD, SUPERINTENDENT, WATER DIVISION,

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, WASHINGTON, D. C.

Mr. Auld. I believe you did not, sir.
Mr. BATEs. I believe I made a general statement.

General Young. Would you like to have him submit that for your information?

Mr. Bates. Just for the record, I do not think we have to go into details here. You handle water, and I think it would be very im. portant, Mr. Chairman, to find out just what the District gives to the Federal Government by way of water supplies if he has that condensed. Have you got that in a condensed form?

Mr. AULD. Yes, sir, I have.

Mr. BATEs. We would like to hear that. That is probably the biggest item we have in the District.

Senator Cain. Let me ask a question that has just come to me. I should like to direct it to the general. General Young, what does your Sanitary Department define as a business place? Do I understand correctly that when four or more persons live under the same roof that that is construed to be a business place resulting in a monthly charge for the collection of refuse?

General YOUNG. I do not believe so. Will you answer that as to where you draw the line, Mr. Xanten.

Mr. XANTEN. Any building of four apartments or more where central heat is furnished is not serviced. Any building where there are four apartments or more where there is individual heat, we service.

Senator Cain. I just wanted that for the record.

Mr. BATES. What method do you employ for following up to see to it that those who have their own private services keep the premises clean?

Mr. XANTEN. With a combination of the efforts of the police department, the health department and the refuse division, we are pretty constantly checking behind that work.

Mr. BATES. All right.

Mr. AULD. I have broken the Federal water consumption down into two categories. One is lumped as comprising direct Federal buildings and closely identified agencies, and then another category has been set forth which includes places of Federal jurisdiction, and yet which have some possible municipal importance, such as the National Zoological Park, the Ellipse, the Monument, Potomac Park, and Rock Creek Park. Those properties are all in Federal ownership, in my opinion, and the water furnished them constitutes a service to the Federal Government.

The total value in both categories is, or was in 1947, fiscal year 1917, $819,281. We provide certain intangible service, which is in a consultative capacity to Federal agencies which want our advice in the lay-out of new buildings and institutions, Federal institutions, and if they get into trouble with their water systems adjacent to any building we give them aid as we can.

There is another intangible benefit, and that is fire-protection service for which there is no direct measure.

I just set that forth as a statement without any quantity of water beside it.

That, sir, I think, is the total contribution to the Federal Gov. ernment, from our point of view.

Mr. BATES. Now, for the record, just summarize the cost for general Federal institutions and buildings.

Mr. Auld. The total quantity of water supplied last year was 9,074,915,686 gallons.

Mr. Bates. Put that into this record and read off the costs.
Mr. Auld. The cost or value under the current rate is $849,281.

Senator Cain. That will approximate the amount of water that you expect to give the Federal Government during the fiscal year of 1948?

Mr. AULD. Yes, sir.
Senator Cain. Did you read off those institutions?
Mr. Auld. I recited them earlier, sir.
Senator CAIN. Oh, yes.
Mr. Auld. I did not give the individual consumptions.
Senator Cain. That is all right.

Mr. Auld. I was prepared this morning to give you some idea of the expansion of the water system in the last 10 years. I would like to put into the record a tabulation of the annual consumption, and also provide you with a diagram which shows very pointedly the increases since 1937. These are weekly average consumptions which

back in '37 were in the order of 90,000,000 gallons a day. Now, in the winter, we are up to about 150,000,000 gallons a day, and our summer load is in the order of 194,000,000 gallons, a tremendous increase which has been commensurate with population growth.

Mr. BATES. What other than Federal Government buildings and institutions, what other properties or individuals do you serve free with water in the District ?

Mr. AULD. We serve charities.
Mr. BATES. All charities?

Mr. Auld. They must qualify under the law, as the law calls them eleemosynary institutions, and it is set forth in the code that the Comsioners are authorized to furnish Potomac water without charge to charitable institutions and for such institutions as receive annual appropriations from Congress to an amount to be fixed in each case by the said Commissioners, not to exceed a rate of 100 gallons per day for each inmate in said institutions; and working within that a number of free accounts exist. You will note there is a limitation of 100 gallons per inmate, and that may be fixed at the lower figure, and it results that a number of institutions pay for excess consumption.

a Mr. Bates. What about private schools? Mr. Auld. I have the number of those here. There are 26 private schools; there are 10 hospitals; there are 34 homes and orphan asylums; there are 11 settlement houses; 4 convents; there are 343 churches, and 2 in the miscellaneous category; I am not just sure what they are.

Mr. Bates. What is the sum total of gallons they use, and the estimate of cost applied on the same basis?

Mr. AULD. Their total consumption last fiscal year was 139,994,932 gallons; the value of that was $13,101.13; it is not a great amount.

Mr. Bates. That is all I have, except that we will put those figures and the chart in the record at this point.

(The documents referred to were as follows:)

Services furnished free to the United States by District of Columbia water system

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Direct water consumption: Federal buildings, agencies, and establish

ments, fiscal year 1916.
Also, following Federal institutions whose consumption is listed ordi.
narily with District of Columbia government consumptions:

National Zoological Park
Ellipse.
Washington Monument
Potomac Park
Rock Creek Park
Other parks and reservations

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Total

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Also provide all water for fire protection purposes without charge: In addition to direct service of supplying water, the Water Division furnishes certain minor incidental services for which no charge is made. These include certain investigations for location of leaks on Federal water services (actual repairs, if made by the Water Division, are charged for), occasional advice on design of water distribution systems on Federal property, and checking of large meters, in place, for accuracy (incidental to leakage and waste surveys of the water distribution system). The cost of these incidental services is difficult to evaluate but probably does not exceed $250 per year as an average.

Water Division, District of Columbia-Annual record: Operation and maintenance, pumpage and consumption

(Consumption in thousands of gallons)

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1931. 1932 1933. 1934. 1935. 1936. 19371938. 1939 1940. 1941 1942. 1943.. 1944. 1945. 1946.

7, 742, 356 7, 936, 720 8,001, 400 7, 941, 190 8, 476, 761 8, 791, 230 9, 638, 570 9, 286, 450 9, 584, 644 9, 833, 090 10, 235, 966 11, 551, 574 12, 481, 053 13, 461, 574 13, 447, 057 15, 138, 103

6, 236, 089 6, 264, 653 6, 280, 293 6, 184, 429 6, 326, 056 6, 544, 130 6, 803, 914 6, 753, 575 6, 798, 999 6, 850, 336 7. 443, 234 7, 574, 628 7, 718, 843 8, 416, 370 9, 161, 896 8, 993, 858

3, 340, 986 3, 564, 555 3, 475, 271 3, 402, 759 3, 425, 217 3, 766, 494 4, 044, 518 4, 280, 334 4, 556, 784 4, 770, 884 5,069, 776 5, 246, 050 5, 499, 563 5, 864, 599 5, 880, 094 5, 653, 318

616, 247
541, 948
647, 201
731, 094
896, 439
814, 008
712, 409
763, 967
808, 788
793, 585

863, 829
1,057, 934

907, 499
1,020, 515
1, 137, 742
1, 263, 076

537, 182
547, 080
650, 696
654, 980
685, 881
791, 470
772, 810
902, 960

999, 960
1, 130, 720
1,097, 240
1, 441, 030
1, 776, 345
1, 907, 924
2, 102, 390
2, 156, 342

27, 738 564, 920 34, 065 581, 145 39,321 690, 020 41, 650 696, 630 49, 540 734, 421 68, 060 859, 530 82, 770 855, 580 85, 970 988, 930 116, 897 1, 116, 857 130, 144 1, 260, 864 173, 224 1, 270, 464 272, 880 1, 713, 910 323, 337 2,099, 682 550, 382 2, 458, 306 528, 555 2. 630, 945 604, 822 2,761, 164

12, 161, 124 12, 317, 155 12, 581, 179 13,021, 650 13, 559, 550 14, 533, 970 13, 623, 550 14,063, 020 13, 881, 421 14, 510, 507 15, 070, 896 15, 712, 930 16, 629, 398 17,836, 124 19, 440, 235 19, 915, 658

30, 661, 722 31, 206, 176 31, 675, 364 31, 977, 752 33, 418, 444 35, 309, 662 35, 678, 541 36, 136, 276 36, 747, 493 38, 019, 266 39, 954, 165 42, 857, 026 45, 336, 038 49, 057, 488 51, 697, 969 53, 72), 177

235, 390
265, 730
279, 278
354, 194
398, 997
545, 396
704, 311
784, 173

968, 960
1, 134, 400
1,519, 065
1, 694, 655
2,008, 930
2, 465, 010
2, 634, 810
2, 728, 850

617, 068
236, 964
166, 921
34, 495
21, 193

7, 093
77, 055

211
210, 256
222, 542

73, 437
451, 947

61,827
119, 076
50, 094
5, 803

31, 514, 180 31, 708, 870 32, 121, 563 32, 366, 441 33, 838, 634 35, 862, 151 36, 459, 907 36, 920, 660 37,926, 709 39, 376, 208 41, 546, 667 45, 003, 628 47, 406, 795 51, 641, 574 54,382, 873 56, 459, 830

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