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Mr. BATEs. You are dealing with cases there for families for 10 or 15 years. There is no escape from that condition until the children become of age and begin to work for themselves.

In the meantime, you are building up a physique that will probably not enable them to stand the rigors of disease or anything else and there is nothing that will break down the physique of a little boy or girl any quicker than the lack of food, and make them susceptible to tuberculosis and every other kind of disease.

Mr. O'HARA. Mr. Huff, in the example that Mr. Bates gave of the widow with the five children, suppose that when your case investigator went to investigate that case, she found out that this widow had a wealthy brother or cousin. Would some attempt be made to have that relative who was able to help them assist that family?

Mr. HUFF. Yes. Such an effort is made. That, again, belongs within the sphere of activity of the case worker. Under the aged and the blind statute it is compulsory for certain specified persons in those laws to contribute, and in the event of their failure to do so, we may

take action. That is a prescription. That same prescription is not in the aid to dependent children law.

Mr. BATEs. Is there anything else you have to say, Mr. Huff?
Mr. HUFF. I would like to submit this table for the record.
Mr. BATES. It will be received.
(The table referred to is as follows:)

Board of Public Welfare, comparison of costs and services, 1937-48

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+174

+39 +97

+37

+148 +11 +42 -30

-46 +103

St. Elizabeths Hospital:

Cost of District of Co

lumbia patients $2, 272, 800 $3,055, 050 $3, 915, 218 $5, 960,000 $6, 229,000 $3, 956, 200
Average number of pa-
tients.
3, 458 4,376 4, 565 4,600

4, 800

1, 342 Cost per patient-day.. $1. 80

$1.83

$2.35 $3.55 $3. 55 Public assistance:

$1.75 Cost, total

$2, 489, 946 $2,773, 171 $2,212,030 $2,960, 962 $3, 401, 565 $911, 619 Less Federal reimbursement.

$463, 144 $881, 427 $734, 956 $1,066, 290 $1, 142, 571 $679, 427
Cost, net local sunds... $2,026, 802 $1,891, 744 $1, 477, 074 $1,894, 672 $2, 258, 994 $232, 192
Cost, total grants. $2, 141, 558 $2, 265, 760 $1,977, 693 $2,612, 760 $3,041, 760 $900, 202
Average number cases..

6, 208
6,880
3,955 4,340

4,340 -1, 868
Average number per-
sons.

14, 186 12, 501 6, 262 7, 595 7, 595 -6, 591 Cost per case per month $28.75 $27. 44 $41.67 $50. 17 $58. 41 $29.66 Cost per person per month..

$15. 10 $15. 10 $26, 32 $28. 67 $33. 37 $18. 27 Cost, personal services. $289, 303 $298, 131 $198, 401 $304, 733 $315, 336 $26,033 Number man-years.

184
192
88
120

120 Average salary

$1,572 $1.553 $2,255 $2, 539 $2.628 $1.056 All other costs.

$59, 085 $209, 280 $35, 936 $43, 469 $44, 469 $14, 616 Cost, total

$338, 176 $413, 317 $501,387 $675, 710 $759, 043 $420, 867
Cost, board and clothes. $268, 726 $303, 238 $322, 541 $420, 234 $185, 234 $216, 508
Average number chil-
dren at board..

975
1,009

960
960

15
Cost per child for board
and clothes,
$276 $301 $314

$138

$505 $229 Cost, personal services. $66, 000 $103, 959 $ 168, 671 $235, 866 $245, 011 $179,011 Number man-years.

36
55
68
85
85

49 Average salary.

$1,833 $1. 890 $2, 480 $2,775 $2.882 $1.049 All other costs.

$3, 450 $6, 120 $10,175 $19, 610 $28, 798 $25, 348 Total, children in foster care.. 1, 796 1,872 1,813 1, 900 1, 900

104

+120

+9 -35

-25

Child care:

+124 +81

937

- 2

+83 +271 + 136

+57 +734

+6

Board of Public Welfare, comparison of costs and services, 1937–48—Continued

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+160

+186 +304 +103 +99 +64

Protective institutions:
Cost, total

$700, 127 $850, 189 $1, 274, 558 $1, 745, 739 $1, 817,000 $1, 116, 873
Average number in-
mates.

1, 837 1, 738

1, 608
1, 619
1,664

173
Cost per inmate per
year.

$381 $489 $793 $1,078 $1, 092 $711
Cost, personal services $277, 927 $382, 177 $695, 348 $1,063, 464 $1, 124, 090
Number man-years.

$846, 163
249
314
331
498
505

256 Average salary

$1, 116

$1,217 $2,100 $2, 135 $2, 226 Other operating expenses.

$1, 110 $422, 200 $468, 012 $579, 210 $682, 275 $692, 910 $270, 710 Total expenses:

St. Elizabeths Hospital. $2, 272, 800 $3,055, 050 $3,915, 218 $5, 960,000 $6, 229,000 $3, 956, 200
Public assistance (net). 2, 026, 802 1,891, 744 1,477, 074 1,894, 672 2, 258, 994 232, 192
Child welfare

338, 176 413, 317 501, 387 675, 710 759, 043 420, 867 Protective institutions 700, 127 850, 189 1, 274, 558 1, 745, 739 1, 817,000 1,116, 873 Office of director.

23, 880 37, 683

88, 045 114, 002 Landlord-tenant con

146, 300 122, 420 sultant.

3, 676 Interstate.

15, 074 33, 768 42, 544 56, 933 58, 463 43, 389 Contracts

48, 124 50, 518 40, 578 43, 500 40, 500 7, 724 Penny milk

62, 940 55, 500 62, 000 62, 000 Child day care.

250,000

+174

+11 +124 + 160 +513

+288 -16

Total..

5, 424,983

6, 335, 945

7, 402, 344 10,796, 056 11, 371, 300 5,946, 317

+110

Mr. HUFF. I would like to also submit this article from the newspaper on the living cost index for the record.

Mr. BATES. It will be received.
(The article referred to is as follows:)

(From the Washington Evening Star, July 2, 1946) LIVING Cost INDEX Hits 131.6, 31.3 PERCENT OVER 1935–39 BASE The cost of living in Washington hit 131.6 May 15, 31.3 percent higher than the base period, 1935–39, set by the Bureau of Labor Statistics as 100. The table covering the period July 1942 through December 1946 follows:

Washington, D. C., consumers' price index for moderate-income families

(1935–39=100)

[graphic]

116.4 116.9 117.1 117.7 118. 2 119.0

125.3 127.5 128. 1 129.5 130.5 132.7

132.0 131.7 131.8 131.8 131.8 131.8

100.7 100. 7 100.4 100.3 100.3 100.3

104.0 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.6 103.8

128.9 128.6 129. 1 129.1 129.1 129.1

113.9 113.4 113.5 114.5 115.4 115.7

1942
July 15.
August 15
September 15.
October 15..
November 15
December 15.

1943
January 15.
February 15
March 15.
April 15.
May 15.
June 15.
July 15.
August 15.
September 15.
October 15..
November 15.
December 15.

119.5
119.3
121.3
122.5
123.7
123.8
123. 2
123.0
123.5
124. 2
123. 4
123.4

133.8 132. 2 136.9 139.9 142.5 142.7 140. 1 138.5 138.5 140. 2 137.5 135.9

131.9 132.7 134.5 135.0 134.7 135.5 137.0 137.8 141.0 141.5 141.8 143.9

100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3
100.3

105.8
105.8
105.6
105.6
105.7
105.3
105.3
106.5
106.6
106.6
106.8
109. 2

129.4
130.4
131.4
131.4
131.3
131.5
131.6
131.7
132. 2
132.4
132.6
132.9

115.8 116.7 117.9 118.6 1213 120.2 120.3 120.8 121.0 121.4 121.4 121.6

Washington, D. C. consumers' price index for moderate-income families-Con.

(1935–39=100]

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Mr. Bates. Are there any other questions?
Senator Cain, do you have any questions to ask! ?
Senator Cain. No, sir.
Mr. BATEs. Mr. Smith?
Mr. Smitu. No questions.

Mr. Bates. Mr. Huff, we are very grateful to you for coming here today; and we will adjourn until tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock.

Is that satisfactory, Senator Cain?
Senator Cain. I would suggest 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.
Mr. BATES. All right.
We will adjourn until 10 o'clock tomorrow morning.

(Thereupon, at 4:35 p. m., an adjournment was taken until 10 a. m., Thursday, March 20, 1947.)

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(Statement later received for the record from the Board of Public Welfare covering a 10-year period.)

BOARD OF PUBLIC WELFARE, APPROPRIATIONS AND PERSONNEL SUMMARY, 1937–46

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1938: Hospital Permit Bureau transferred to Health Department.
1940-42: Added positions for Child Care Services.
1944: Child-care positions transferred to Child Care Services.
1945: Three additional clerks.

1946: One additional statistical clerk, three clerks transferred from other appropriation.

Child care services

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1937-43: All salaries carried under Office of the Director. 1944: Salaries transferred from Office of the Director. 1945: Allowance for increase in board rates for children in foster care. 1946: Transfer of 17 positions to Public Assistance and Children's Services.

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1943: Increased allowance for food and supplies.
1944: Increase due primarily to overtime pay.
1945: Moved to larger quarters, requiring added personnel.

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1939: Legislative ceilings were established, limiting grants to $24 per month for one person (or $30 if receiving old age assistance or aid to the blind) and $6 for each additional person; and staff reduced to keep administrative cost within 10 percent of expenditures for grants.

1910-41: Staff increased to certify cases for WPA, and to distribute surplus commodities.

1944-45: Staff reduced to numbers needed for reduced case load. Appropriation for grants reduced for same reasons.

1946: Includes 17 positions transferred from Child Care and 8 percent increase in assistance to provide a more nearly adequate grant per case.

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This item provides for a per diem payment by the District of Columbia to the Federal Security Agency for the care of District patients at St. Elizabeths Hospital. There has been an increase in numbers from 3,458 in 1937, to 4,565 in 1946.

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1937-43: Salaries included under Office of the Director.

1944: Salaries transferred to this appropriation, allowance for travel costs increased from $12,000 to $33,000 to permit the prompt removal of nonresident insane to their places of residence.

1946: Travel cost reduced by reducing average cost per person deported.

Munipical lodging house

Year

Personnel

Amount appropriated

Year

Personnel

Amount appropriated

1937 1938. 1939 1910 1941.

లులులులు

3 3 3 3 3

$7,600

7,600 7,600 7,660 7, 660

1942. 1943 1944 1945 1946

లులులులులు

$7,935 8, 225 9, 650 9, 710 10, 245

The small increases here are due to the Pay Act increase.

Home for the aged and infirm

Year

Personnel

Amount appropriated

Year

Personnel

Amount appropriated

1937. 1938 1939 1940. 1941.

54 56 57 57 71

$139, 130

151, 400 154, 140 149, 110 184, 760

1942.
1943.
1944
1945.
1946.

72
128
125.5
116
106.6

$189, 340
310, 190
355, 922
334, 335
322, 108

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