The Pursuit of Justice: Supreme Court Decisions that Shaped America

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Oxford University Press, USA, 2006 - History - 253 pages
With a survey of the thirty Supreme Court cases that, in the opinion of U.S. Supreme Court justices and leading civics educators and legal historians, are the most important for American citizens to understand, The Pursuit of Justice is the perfect companion for those wishing to learn more about American civics and government. The cases range across three centuries of American history, including such landmarks as Marbury v. Madison (1803), which established the principle of judicial review; Scott v. Sandford (1857), which inflamed the slavery argument in the United States and led to the Civil War; Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), which memorialized the concept of separate but equal; and Brown v. Board of Education (1954), which overturned Plessy. Dealing with issues of particular concern to students, such as voting, school prayer, search and seizure, and affirmative action, and broad democratic concepts such as separation of powers, federalism, and separation of church and state, the book covers all the major cases specified in the national and state civics and American history standards.For each case, there is an introductory essay providing historical background and legal commentary as well as excerpts from the decision(s); related documents such as briefs or evidence, with headnotes and/or marginal commentary, some possibly in facsimile; and features or sidebars on principal players in the decisions, whether attorneys, plaintiffs, defendants, or justices. An introductory essay defines the criteria for selecting the cases and setting them in the context of American history and government, and a concluding essay suggests the role that the Court will play in the future.
 

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Contents

THE SUPREME COURT AS A MIRROR OF AMERICA
6
1 THE RISE OF JUDICIAL REVIEW
14
2 THE NATIONAL BANK AND FEDERALISM
25
3 STEAMBOATS STATES RIGHTS AND THE POWERS OF CONGRESS
34
4 DENYING AN APPEAL FOR FREEDOM
42
5 CIVIL LIBERTIES AND THE CIVIL WAR
51
6 SEPARATE BUT NOT EQUAL
59
7 THE RIGHTS OF LABOR AND THE RIGHTS OF WOMEN
67
15 FREEDOM OF THE PRESS IN A FREE SOCIETY
141
16 FINDING A RIGHT TO PRIVACY
150
17 THE RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT
158
18 FREEDOM OF SPEECH IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
165
19 STANDARDS FOR INTERPRETING THE ESTABLISHMENT CLAUSE
172
20 ABORTION PRIVACY AND VALUES IN CONFLICT
179
21 PRESIDENTIAL IMMUNITY AND THE WATERGATE CRISIS
192
22 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND THE BOUNDARIES OF DISCRIMINATION
203

8 THE LATITUDE AND LIMITS OF FREE SPEECH
77
9 AFFIRMING THE NEW DEAL
85
10 THE FLAGSALUTE CASES
95
11 INTERNMENT OF JAPANESE AMERICANS DURING WORLD WAR II
104
12 A DECISION TO LIMIT PRESIDENTIAL POWER
113
13 PUBLIC SCHOOL DESEGREGATION
121
14 ESTABLISHING EQUALITY IN VOTING AND REPRESENTATION
134
23 THE JUDICIAL PATH TO THE WHITE HOUSE
213
WE ARE ALL SLAVES OF THE LAW
224
AN ANNOTATED LIST OF IMPORTANT SUPREME COURT DECISIONS
228
FURTHER READING
244
WEBSITES
247
INDEX
248
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About the author (2006)

Kermit L. Hall is at University at Albany. John J. Patrick is at Indiana University (Emeritus).

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